CN203177455U - Vertical type spiral baffle plate hot air furnace - Google Patents

Vertical type spiral baffle plate hot air furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203177455U
CN203177455U CN 201320032003 CN201320032003U CN203177455U CN 203177455 U CN203177455 U CN 203177455U CN 201320032003 CN201320032003 CN 201320032003 CN 201320032003 U CN201320032003 U CN 201320032003U CN 203177455 U CN203177455 U CN 203177455U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace body
heater
cylindrical
air
air chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201320032003
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
武立波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHANGTU BAMIANCHENG BAIDAOER HOT-BLAST STOVE FACTORY
Original Assignee
CHANGTU BAMIANCHENG BAIDAOER HOT-BLAST STOVE FACTORY
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Publication date
Application filed by CHANGTU BAMIANCHENG BAIDAOER HOT-BLAST STOVE FACTORY filed Critical CHANGTU BAMIANCHENG BAIDAOER HOT-BLAST STOVE FACTORY
Priority to CN 201320032003 priority Critical patent/CN203177455U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203177455U publication Critical patent/CN203177455U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A vertical type spiral baffle plate hot air furnace comprises a vertical type cylindrical furnace body, wherein a cylindrical clamping sleeve is arranged outside the cylindrical furnace body, a grate is arranged at the lower portion inside the furnace body, a furnace door is arranged in the upper portion of the furnace body arranged on the upper portion of the grate, an ash outlet is formed in the furnace body arranged on the lower portion of the grate, a smoke outlet is formed in the upper end of the furnace body, an annular baffle plate which divides a cylindrical clamping sleeve into an upper air chamber and a lower air chamber is arranged inside the cylindrical clamping sleeve, an air inlet is formed in the lower portion of the lower air chamber, air ducts which are parallel to the axis of the furnace body are evenly distributed inside a furnace chamber, the lower end of each air duct is connected with the upper portion of the lower air chamber, and steel strip fins which are parallel to the axis of the cylindrical furnace body are evenly distributed on the outer circumferential wall of the cylindrical furnace body arranged inside the clamping sleeve along the outer circumference of the furnace body. The vertical type spiral baffle plate blast stove is characterized in that the upper end of each air duct is connected with the upper portion of the upper air chamber, an air outlet is formed in the upper portion of the upper air chamber, the outer circumference of the annular baffle is connected to the inner circumferential wall of the cylindrical clamping sleeve, an annular ventilation gap is arranged between the inner circumference of the annular baffle and the outer circumference wall of the cylindrical furnace body, and the outer side edges of each steel strip fin which is parallel to the axis of the cylindrical furnace body and evenly distributed on the outer circumference of the cylindrical furnace body along the outer circumference of the cylindrical furnace body are arranged in one cylindrical surface. The spiral baffle plate which is formed by steel strips in a wound mode on the cylindrical surface is small in resistance of air flow, enables air which flows through the clamping sleeve along the outer circumference of the cylindrical furnace body to be distributed evenly, and is high in heat efficiency.

Description

Vertical helical deflection plate hot-blast stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of vertical fire coal hot-blast stove, particularly the deflection plate in a kind of vertical fire coal hot-blast stove chuck.
Background technology
Coal-fired hot-blast stove is the coal furnace that hot blast can be provided.In the prior art, Chinese patent 2,008 2 0220360.2 discloses a kind of fin type hot-air stove, it is vertical fin coal-fired hot-blast stove, vertical fin coal-fired hot-blast stove has the vertical and cylindrical body of heater, the body of heater cylinder has the cylindrical shape chuck outward, fire grate is arranged at the bottom in the body of heater, on the body of heater of fire grate top fire door is arranged, on the body of heater of fire grate below ash hole is arranged, there is exhaust opening the upper end of body of heater, handlebar cylindrical shape chuck is divided in the cylindrical shape chuck, the annular dividing plate of following two air compartments, air intake vent is arranged at the bottom of lower air chamber, and air outlet is arranged at the bottom of ipper air chamber, be evenly equipped with the airduct parallel with the body of heater axis in the burner hearth, the upper end of airduct links to each other with the top of ipper air chamber, and the lower end of airduct links to each other with the top of lower air chamber, and the body of heater cylinder outer wall face in chuck has fin.Fin is along the parallel steel plate bar of the uniform axis with the body of heater cylinder of body of heater cylinder excircle.
In the cylindrical shape chuck of vertical fin coal-fired hot-blast stove, handlebar cylindrical shape chuck is divided into, the annular dividing plate of following two air compartments, the outer shroud week of annular baffle is connected on the inner peripheral wall of cylindrical shape chuck, being connected on the outer circle wall of body of heater cylinder in interior ring week of annular baffle, during use, send into normal temperature air with blower fan from air intake vent, normal temperature air is successively through lower air chamber, discharge from air outlet after airduct and the ipper air chamber, add fuel in from fire door to burner hearth, fuel burns above fire grate, the heat that produces adds warm-air pipe and chuck, makes through lower air chamber, the normal temperature air of airduct and ipper air chamber is heated to form hot blast, and hot blast is discharged from air outlet and used.The inlet air flow path of this vertical fin coal-fired hot-blast stove is very long, very tortuous, and the resistance that air flows is bigger; The fin of body of heater cylinder excircle is along the parallel steel plate bar of the uniform axis with the body of heater cylinder of body of heater cylinder excircle, the steel plate bar parallel along the uniform axis with the body of heater cylinder of body of heater cylinder excircle forms uniform straight flute at body of heater cylinder excircle, when air is flowed through the above-mentioned body of heater cylinder excircle that fin arranged, be in straight flute, not change direction ground to flow, be evenly distributed along body of heater cylinder excircle in the time of can not guaranteeing that air flows through from chuck, the thermal efficiency is not very high.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is in order to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, propose the resistance that a kind of air flows less, when air flows through from chuck along body of heater cylinder excircle is evenly distributed, the thermal efficiency is higher vertical helical deflection plate hot-blast stove.
The utility model is realized with the following method.
Vertical helical deflection plate hot-blast stove has the vertical and cylindrical body of heater, the body of heater cylinder has the cylindrical shape chuck outward, fire grate is arranged at the bottom in the body of heater, on the body of heater of fire grate top fire door is arranged, on the body of heater of fire grate below ash hole is arranged, there is exhaust opening the upper end of body of heater, handlebar cylindrical shape chuck is divided in the cylindrical shape chuck, the annular baffle of following two air compartments, air intake vent is arranged at the bottom of lower air chamber, be evenly equipped with the airduct parallel with the body of heater axis in the burner hearth, the lower end of airduct links to each other with the top of lower air chamber, body of heater cylinder outer circle wall in chuck has along the parallel steel plate bar fin of the uniform axis with the body of heater cylinder of body of heater cylinder excircle, the upper end of airduct links to each other with the top of ipper air chamber, the be in the wind top of chamber of air outlet, the outer shroud week of annular baffle is connected on the inner peripheral wall of cylindrical shape chuck, between the interior ring week of annular baffle and the outer circle wall of body of heater cylinder the loop vent gap is arranged, be at body of heater cylinder excircle on a cylindrical shape face along the parallel steel plate bar fin outer side edges of the uniform axis with the body of heater cylinder of body of heater cylinder excircle, this cylindrical shape face have the coiling of steel plate bar the spirality deflection plate.
On the inner peripheral wall that is connected in the cylindrical shape chuck outer shroud week of the annular baffle in the chuck of the present utility model, between the outer circle wall of interior ring week and body of heater cylinder the loop vent gap is arranged, the normal temperature air of sending into from air intake vent with blower fan is divided into two-way in chuck lower air chamber, one the tunnel discharges from air outlet behind airduct, discharge from air outlet after chuck ipper air chamber on another road, inlet air flow path is not long, not tortuous, and the resistance that air flows is less; Enter air in the chuck ipper air chamber through the baffling effect of spirality deflection plate, be distributed to equably in the groove of steel plate bar fin composition, when being flow through from chuck ipper air chamber, air is evenly distributed along body of heater cylinder excircle, in addition, flow velocity and less turbulence were higher when air was mobile along body of heater cylinder excircle in the spirality deflection plate, were conducive to improve the film coefficient of heat transfer.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the main cross-sectional schematic according to a kind of vertical helical deflection plate hot-blast stove of invention scheme proposition of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is that the A-A of Fig. 1 cuts open schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1, among Fig. 2, vertical helical deflection plate hot-blast stove has vertical and cylindrical body of heater 1, the body of heater cylinder has cylindrical shape chuck 2 outward, fire grate 3 is arranged at the bottom in the body of heater, on the body of heater of fire grate top fire door 4 is arranged, on the body of heater of fire grate below ash hole 5 is arranged, there is exhaust opening 6 upper end of body of heater, handlebar cylindrical shape chuck is divided in the cylindrical shape chuck, following two air compartments 7,8 annular baffle 9, air intake vent 10 is arranged at the bottom of lower air chamber, be evenly equipped with the airduct parallel with the body of heater axis 11 in the burner hearth, the lower end of airduct links to each other with the top of lower air chamber, body of heater cylinder outer circle wall in chuck has along the parallel steel plate bar fin 12 of the uniform axis with the body of heater cylinder of body of heater cylinder excircle, the upper end of airduct links to each other with the top of ipper air chamber, the be in the wind top of chamber of air outlet 13, the outer shroud week of annular baffle is connected on the inner peripheral wall of cylindrical shape chuck, between the interior ring week of annular baffle and the outer circle wall of body of heater cylinder loop vent gap 14 is arranged, be at body of heater cylinder excircle on a cylindrical shape face along the parallel steel plate bar fin outer side edges of the uniform axis with the body of heater cylinder of body of heater cylinder excircle, this cylindrical shape face have the coiling of steel plate bar spirality deflection plate 15.

Claims (1)

1. vertical helical deflection plate hot-blast stove, include the vertical and cylindrical body of heater, the body of heater cylinder has the cylindrical shape chuck outward, fire grate is arranged at the bottom in the body of heater, on the body of heater of fire grate top fire door is arranged, on the body of heater of fire grate below ash hole is arranged, there is exhaust opening the upper end of body of heater, handlebar cylindrical shape chuck is divided in the cylindrical shape chuck, the annular baffle of following two air compartments, air intake vent is arranged at the bottom of lower air chamber, be evenly equipped with the airduct parallel with the body of heater axis in the burner hearth, the lower end of airduct links to each other with the top of lower air chamber, body of heater cylinder outer circle wall in chuck has along the parallel steel plate bar fin of the uniform axis with the body of heater cylinder of body of heater cylinder excircle, it is characterized in that: the upper end of airduct links to each other with the top of ipper air chamber, the be in the wind top of chamber of air outlet, the outer shroud week of annular baffle is connected on the inner peripheral wall of cylindrical shape chuck, between the interior ring week of annular baffle and the outer circle wall of body of heater cylinder the loop vent gap is arranged, be at body of heater cylinder excircle on a cylindrical shape face along the parallel steel plate bar fin outer side edges of the uniform axis with the body of heater cylinder of body of heater cylinder excircle, this cylindrical shape face have the coiling of steel plate bar the spirality deflection plate.
CN 201320032003 2013-01-22 2013-01-22 Vertical type spiral baffle plate hot air furnace Expired - Fee Related CN203177455U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320032003 CN203177455U (en) 2013-01-22 2013-01-22 Vertical type spiral baffle plate hot air furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320032003 CN203177455U (en) 2013-01-22 2013-01-22 Vertical type spiral baffle plate hot air furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203177455U true CN203177455U (en) 2013-09-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320032003 Expired - Fee Related CN203177455U (en) 2013-01-22 2013-01-22 Vertical type spiral baffle plate hot air furnace

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CN (1) CN203177455U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104132455A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-05 沈阳工程学院 Spiral electric heating device for high-temperature high-pressure gas
CN104676586A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-06-03 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Micro-gas ignition and combustion-supporting combustor and micro-gas ignition system
CN105674557A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-15 朱雷 Energy-saving and temperature-control type hot-blast stove
CN106403270A (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-02-15 刘建文 Efficient energy-saving combustion furnace

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104132455A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-05 沈阳工程学院 Spiral electric heating device for high-temperature high-pressure gas
CN104132455B (en) * 2014-07-28 2017-11-21 沈阳工程学院 A kind of spiral electric device of high temperature and high pressure gas
CN104676586A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-06-03 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Micro-gas ignition and combustion-supporting combustor and micro-gas ignition system
CN105674557A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-15 朱雷 Energy-saving and temperature-control type hot-blast stove
CN105674557B (en) * 2016-04-01 2018-11-02 辽宁燕邦农业有限公司 Energy saving temperature controlling type hot-blast stove
CN106403270A (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-02-15 刘建文 Efficient energy-saving combustion furnace

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130904

Termination date: 20140122