CN203129358U - Intelligent heat-preservation space enclosing structure of wall body - Google Patents

Intelligent heat-preservation space enclosing structure of wall body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203129358U
CN203129358U CN201320141271XU CN201320141271U CN203129358U CN 203129358 U CN203129358 U CN 203129358U CN 201320141271X U CN201320141271X U CN 201320141271XU CN 201320141271 U CN201320141271 U CN 201320141271U CN 203129358 U CN203129358 U CN 203129358U
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
heat
energy
preservation
space enclosing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320141271XU
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Chinese (zh)
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张伟
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JIYUZHE (XIAMEN) MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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JIYUZHE (XIAMEN) MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligent heat-preservation space enclosing structure of a wall body. The intelligent heat-preservation space enclosing structure is characterized by sequentially comprising an outer wall heat reflection paint layer, a plaster layer, a foam cement infrared shielding heat-preservation layer, an adhesive layer, a wall body base material layer, an inner wall leveling mortar layer, a putty layer and a phase-change inner wall paint energy-storing layer from outer to inner, wherein the plaster layer is coated with a glass fiber net layer. A photocatalyst purifying layer is further coated on the outer surface of the outer wall heat reflection paint layer. The outer wall heat reflection paint layer is arranged so that heat-insulation effect is realized; meanwhile, the foam cement infrared shielding heat-preservation layer is arranged so as to the space enclosing structure to be integrated with safety, energy saving, durability, greenness, environmental friendliness and the like and have better heat-preservation and heat-insulation effects; a phase-change energy-storing material has greater latent heat of phase change and can store and release heat to realize a intelligent heat-preservation effect; and finally, the photocatalyst purifying layer is coated on the outer surface, so that the effect of purifying and cleaning an outer wall is realized.

Description

A kind of body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of wall body structure, refers in particular to a kind of body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure.
Background technology
The energy-conservation starting of China is late, and awareness of saving energy is not strong, and the energy consumption waste is very serious, is example with the inhabitation, the developed country identical with weather conditions compares, and exterior wall is substantially 4~5 times, and the roof is 2.5~5 times, exterior window is 1.5~2.2 times, and the door and window gas permeability is 3~6 times, and total power consumption is 3~4 times.
Relevant departments such as State Council, the Committee of Development and Reform, the Ministry of Construction, State Environmental Protection Administration propose to be strict with, be the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period, and building energy conservation will realize saving 1.01 hundred million tons of standard coals, reduce discharging more than 400,000,000 ton of carbon dioxide.The gross area of energy saving building will be above 21.6 hundred million square metres.
Along with the develop rapidly of national economy, people require to change the comfort type of " cool in summer and warm in winter " into from the basic model of " keeping out wind and rain " to living environment simultaneously.Be the comfort level in the holding chamber, utilize air-conditioning system that adjustment is carried out in the room, impel the temperature adjustment energy consumption of building to increase considerably.At present, the power consumption of the air-conditioning of China's building accounts for more than 68% of total energy consumption of building.In addition, along with the quickening of Development of China's Urbanization, the growth at full speed of China's overall floorage makes the energy consumption that is used for building become another important power consumption field.For this reason, in the Medium-and Long-Term Plan for Conserving Energy Resources that National Development and Reform Commission promulgates, building energy conservation is classified as and industrial energy saving and energy-conservation one of the three important big emphasis energy-saving field that are all of transportation.Along with the requirement of building a resource-conserving society of China's proposition and the appearance in succession of national energy-saving and cost-reducing policy, the energy-saving building material certainly will will become the developing direction of building material from now on.And research high strength, low cost and high fire line, low-density foamed material are the problems that needs to be resolved hurrily.
For these reasons, on the construction market a kind of body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure of employing is arranged at present, it generally comprises finishing coat from outside to inside, strengthens floated coat, bottom screed, foaming cement thermal insulation layer (adopting the EPS material usually), adhesive layer and body of wall substrate layer, wherein also is coated with glass in the above-mentioned enhancing floated coat and strengthens the grid layer of cloth.Above-mentioned body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure mainly realizes the heat insulating effect of body of wall by described foaming cement thermal insulation layer.
So-called foam cement namely is to inflate and the light-weight foam heat insulating material of formation in cement paste, has reached the purpose that reduces cement slurry density, proposes at Aldrish and the Mitchell by the U.S. in 1975.Foam cement is applied in the construction technology of reinforcing oil well the earliest.1979, people such as the Yamads of the U.S. first in the oil field with foam cement and obtained good effect.Along with the development of modern foam cement technology, foaming and steady bubble technology have all obtained significant progress.Bubble can be uniform and stable be dispersed in the whole foam cement slurry system, thereby make the building foam cement material of function admirable.Compare with other cement, the foam cement material has characteristics such as density is low, permeability is low, thermal conductivity is low, and slip is sneaked into bubble in whipping process, and forms the foam cement mixture, expand after pouring into the mold, thereby can produce the foamed material product of different shape.Along with the progress of foaming technique, foam cement not only is applied to the insulation of reinforcing oil well and well casing, but with a kind of brand-new light thermal-insulating constructional materials appear at common people in face of.
Although foam cement is as insulating, its unique advantages is arranged, not only has the compressive strength height, coefficient of thermal conductivity is low, stable chemical performance, environmental protection, advantage such as modification not, but foam cement is not batch production production, need in building-site operation construction, thereby product quality exists very big-difference, some foam cement does not reach due physical performance index at all, and mainly there is following problems in the described foam cement construction: at first be that the foam cement water supply volume is too much, cause the oeverall quality of foam cement to descend; Next is that cement consumption is excessive, makes thermal and insulating performance can not get guaranteeing; Be the quality heterogeneity of foaming water at last, poor stability.The common heat insulating material that adopts of China in addition, all belong to organic material as EPS, XPS, polyurethane foam board etc., though have heat-insulating property preferably, but because low, the problems such as endurance quality is poor, energy consumption height of fire-protection rating, not only renovate the cost height, and aspect safety, brought great potential safety hazard.Emphasized again in No. 65 literary composition of the Ministry of Public Security in 2011 that it is the material of A level that the civilian construction heat insulating material for external must adopt combustibility.This shows, we pay attention to that building energy conservation reduces discharging, in the dwelling environment comfort level, we also will pay attention to other combination properties such as security performance, endurance quality, environment pollution of material.
The utility model content
The utility model is at the disappearance of prior art existence, and its main purpose provides a kind of body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure, and it has, and performances such as Jian is complete, energy-conservation, durable, green, environmental protection are better in one and heat insulating effect.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme: a kind of body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure, it is characterized in that: comprise exterior wall heat reflection coatings layer, floated coat, foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer, adhesive layer, body of wall substrate layer, interior wall leveling mortar layer, putty layer and phase transformation interior wall coating material energy storage layer from outside to inside successively, be coated with the glass fiber stratum reticulare in the described floated coat.
Described exterior wall heat reflection coatings layer external surface also is coated with the photocatalyst purifying layer.
After the utility model adopts technique scheme, its beneficial effect is: at first at exterior wall exterior wall heat reflection coatings layer is set, play effect of heat insulation, foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer is set simultaneously realizes that Jian is complete, energy-conservation, durable, green, performances such as environmental protection are better in one and heat insulating effect, this is because foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer is a kind of with Portland cement or portland cement, flyash is main cementitious material, mix fiber, various function Admixtures such as water reducing agent, especially also add that the infrared shielding material is arranged is the Graphene microplate, after adding the water stirring by a certain percentage, through foaming, moulding, cutting, packing, a kind of high porosity cement products that maintenance forms, be a kind of of light weight concrete construction, belong to inorganic material, because foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer has been eliminated the potential safety hazard that heat insulating material in the past causes because of the fire resistance property difference, also because have favorable durability, with the same life-span of building, what greatly reduce the later stage goes along with sb. to guard him operation such as renovation.A large amount of sharp waste materials such as flyash have been utilized in the manufacturing process, having reduced raw-material energy consumption indirectly, belonged to inorganic material, is a kind of of extraordinary light weight concrete construction, be a quantum jump of special concrete technical development, also the development in pluralism for concrete technology provides another kind of direction.Therefore have better environment protecting, heat insulating effect is also better; And can be so that this masonry wall structure has better heat insulating effect owing to being added with the infrared shielding material.
Simultaneously in the present existing A level fire-retardant heat-insulation material, the every construction cost per square meter of foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer is lower, compares with inorganic heat insulation mortar, has relatively low cost, and raw material resources such as cement, flyash is abundant, the supply of material is stable, and the direct cost of engineering significantly reduces.The TN plate has favorable durability, with the same life-span of building, greatly reduces the expense of going along with sb. to guard him in later stage, and has avoided heat insulating material in the past to turn over the huge waste of old transformation.
In addition, this body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure innermost layer also is provided with phase transformation interior wall coating material energy storage layer, and the birth of this phase-change accumulation energy constructional materials makes building need not too much to rely on non-renewable energy resources, only rely on material self storage power, realize that " air-conditioning " in room comes true.The phase-change accumulation energy constructional materials has bigger latent heat of phase change, can store and discharge heat energy.Utilize this material as the construction of structures space enclosing structure, can reduce the fluctuation of interior temperature, improve comfort level.And then reach and need not or use indoor heating and air-conditioning system less, reduced the environment energy consumption.Also can utilize cheap electricity operation heating at night and air-conditioning system, reduce operating cost, and reach the purpose that electricity consumption " is avoided the peak hour ".As adopt the wax phase change microcapsules to be applied in the energy-storage materials of construction, can bring into play its energy-saving and temperature-regulating function, improve the thermal inertia of light-weight building material, reduce building energy consumption, satisfy the function of room temperature adjustment, satisfy the function of use of energy-storage materials of construction, reduced the cost of production of this material as far as possible, favourable popularization; Owing to improve the thermal capacitance of constructional materials, increase the light-weight building material thermal inertia simultaneously, production uses no or little non-renewable energy resources and then can reach " cool in summer and warm in winter " effect.In summary, this masonry wall structure is realized the intelligent heat preserving effect by storage and release heat energy.
Can also apply the photocatalyst purifying layer at exterior wall heat reflection coatings layer external surface at last, play the effect that external wall purification is kept a public place clean, thereby make this body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure have better practical function.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is generalized section of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Come the utility model is elaborated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment: be illustrated in figure 1 as a kind of body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure of the present utility model, it is characterized in that: comprise photocatalyst purifying layer 1, exterior wall heat reflection coatings layer 2, floated coat 3, foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer 4, adhesive layer 5, body of wall substrate layer 6, interior wall leveling mortar layer 7, putty layer 8 and phase transformation interior wall coating material energy storage layer 9 from outside to inside successively, be coated with glass fiber stratum reticulare 10 in the described floated coat 3.
Of the present utility model focusing on, at first at exterior wall exterior wall heat reflection coatings layer 2 is set, play effect of heat insulation, foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer 4 is set simultaneously realizes that Jian is complete, energy-conservation, durable, green, performances such as environmental protection are better in one and heat insulating effect, this is because foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer 4 is a kind of with Portland cement or portland cement, flyash is main cementitious material, mix fiber, various function Admixtures such as water reducing agent, especially also add that the infrared shielding material is arranged is the Graphene microplate, after adding the water stirring by a certain percentage, through foaming, moulding, cutting, packing, a kind of high porosity cement products that maintenance forms, be a kind of of light weight concrete construction, belong to inorganic material, because foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer 4 has been eliminated the potential safety hazard that heat insulating material in the past causes because of the fire resistance property difference, also because have favorable durability, with the same life-span of building, what greatly reduce the later stage goes along with sb. to guard him operation such as renovation.A large amount of sharp waste materials such as flyash have been utilized in the manufacturing process, having reduced raw-material energy consumption indirectly, belonged to inorganic material, is a kind of of extraordinary light weight concrete construction, be a quantum jump of special concrete technical development, also the development in pluralism for concrete technology provides another kind of direction.Therefore have better environment protecting, heat insulating effect is also better; And can be so that this masonry wall structure has better heat insulating effect owing to being added with the infrared shielding material.
Simultaneously in the present existing A level fire-retardant heat-insulation material, foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer 4 every construction cost per square meters are lower, compare with inorganic heat insulation mortar, have relatively low cost, and raw material resources such as cement, flyash is abundant, the supply of material is stable, and the direct cost of engineering significantly reduces.The TN plate has favorable durability, with the same life-span of building, greatly reduces the expense of going along with sb. to guard him in later stage, and has avoided heat insulating material in the past to turn over the huge waste of old transformation.
In addition, this body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure innermost layer also is provided with phase transformation interior wall coating material energy storage layer 9, and the birth of this phase-change accumulation energy constructional materials makes building need not too much to rely on non-renewable energy resources, only rely on material self storage power, realize that " air-conditioning " in room comes true.The phase-change accumulation energy constructional materials has bigger latent heat of phase change, can store and discharge heat energy.Utilize this material as the construction of structures space enclosing structure, can reduce the fluctuation of interior temperature, improve comfort level.And then reach and need not or use indoor heating and air-conditioning system less, reduced the environment energy consumption.Also can utilize cheap electricity operation heating at night and air-conditioning system, reduce operating cost, and reach the purpose that electricity consumption " is avoided the peak hour ".As adopt the wax phase change microcapsules to be applied in the energy-storage materials of construction, can bring into play its energy-saving and temperature-regulating function, improve the thermal inertia of light-weight building material, reduce building energy consumption, satisfy the function of room temperature adjustment, satisfy the function of use of energy-storage materials of construction, reduced the cost of production of this material as far as possible, favourable popularization; Owing to improve the thermal capacitance of constructional materials, increase the light-weight building material thermal inertia simultaneously, production uses no or little non-renewable energy resources and then can reach " cool in summer and warm in winter " effect.In summary, this masonry wall structure is realized the intelligent heat preserving effect by storage and release heat energy.
Can also apply photocatalyst purifying layer 1 at exterior wall heat reflection coatings layer external surface at last, play the effect that external wall purification is kept a public place clean, thereby make this body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure have better practical function.
The above, it only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not that technical scope of the present utility model is imposed any restrictions, so every foundation technical spirit of the present utility model all still belongs in the scope of technical solutions of the utility model any trickle modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment does.

Claims (2)

1. body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure, it is characterized in that: comprise exterior wall heat reflection coatings layer, floated coat, foamed cement infrared shielding insulation layer, adhesive layer, body of wall substrate layer, interior wall leveling mortar layer, putty layer and phase transformation interior wall coating material energy storage layer from outside to inside successively, be coated with the glass fiber stratum reticulare in the described floated coat.
2. a kind of body of wall intelligent heat preserving space enclosing structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described exterior wall heat reflection coatings layer external surface also is coated with the photocatalyst purifying layer.
CN201320141271XU 2013-03-26 2013-03-26 Intelligent heat-preservation space enclosing structure of wall body Expired - Fee Related CN203129358U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103306396A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-09-18 际宇嚞(厦门)材料科技有限公司 Wall body intelligent heat-insulation building envelope
CN105971157A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-09-28 天津大学建筑设计研究院 Composite wall adopting fixed-form latent heat storage phase-change material
CN110793095A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-02-14 北京嘉洁能科技股份有限公司 Carbon fiber intelligent heat supply method and system based on phase change heat storage building envelope heat insulation

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103306396A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-09-18 际宇嚞(厦门)材料科技有限公司 Wall body intelligent heat-insulation building envelope
CN105971157A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-09-28 天津大学建筑设计研究院 Composite wall adopting fixed-form latent heat storage phase-change material
CN110793095A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-02-14 北京嘉洁能科技股份有限公司 Carbon fiber intelligent heat supply method and system based on phase change heat storage building envelope heat insulation

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Granted publication date: 20130814

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