CN203114008U - Emergency opening device of automobile electric window - Google Patents

Emergency opening device of automobile electric window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203114008U
CN203114008U CN2013200258476U CN201320025847U CN203114008U CN 203114008 U CN203114008 U CN 203114008U CN 2013200258476 U CN2013200258476 U CN 2013200258476U CN 201320025847 U CN201320025847 U CN 201320025847U CN 203114008 U CN203114008 U CN 203114008U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
opening device
worm
glass
emergency opening
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013200258476U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨文均
Original Assignee
杨文均
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Priority to CN2013200258476U priority Critical patent/CN203114008U/en
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Publication of CN203114008U publication Critical patent/CN203114008U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an emergency opening device of an automobile electric window. The emergency opening device can fast open windows of an automobile in the case of loss of power. The emergency opening device is divided into two types. The first type is a steel wire rope type, the inner side of an automobile door is provided with a cavity, and the emergency opening device in the steel wire rope type is formed by a direct-current motor, a worm speed reducer, a reel, a steel wire rope, glass, a glass support and a guide rail. The second type is a lever type, and the emergency opening device in the lever type is formed by the direct-current motor, the worm speed reducer, a cylindrical gear, a sector gear and a lever. According to the emergency opening device of the automobile electric window, a glass window is opened through spring storing energy, and operation is achieved through a manual emergency button.

Description

Automobile electric window emergency opening device

Technical field:

The utility model relates to a kind of opening device of automobile electric window, does not especially have under the situation of electricity the emergency set of opening automobile motorized window fast at full car.

Background technology:

At present, the opening device of known automobile electric window has two classes:

One class is steel wire rope type: by direct current generator, worm reducer, wire rope, form around line wheel, glass supporter, guide rail and the control circuit of wire rope; Another kind of is lever: be made up of direct current generator, worm reducer, sector gear, principal and subordinate's lever, chute and guide rail, control circuit.Under vehicle Circuits System normal condition, press the control button of motorcar electric window lifter, realize the electric up-down of automobile window glass.

The lifting of existing motorcar electric window glass relies on the running of motor, though this motorized window lifting gear is under normal circumstances easy to use, but (as vehicle falling into water) under special circumstances, automobile loses power supply, the vehicle window motor can not turn round, because the self-locking action of motor worm reducer, cause the automobile electric window can't be manually opened, in order to tackle this emergency, nearly all people adopts safety hammer now, objects such as fire extinguisher beat glass for vehicle window, but because automobile window glass adopts is tempered glass, general object is difficult for smashing, objects such as employing safety hammer beat glass, even smoothly, also will spend 2 to 3 minutes and just can open glass window, the safety hammer that if tap method is improper or service property (quality) is inferior, then be difficult to glass window is opened, not only delay rescue time, even entail dangers to life.However, therefore the lifting of motor-vehicle glass window can not return to " hand crank " epoch yet.

Summary of the invention:

In order to overcome the deficiency that existing automobile electric window can't be opened under the situation of vehicle dead electricity, the utility model provides a kind of emergency opening device of automobile electric window, automobile electric window with this device still adopts electronic mode elevating glass just often, and in the automobile dead electricity in particular cases, use emergent hand push button, fast the glass vehicle window of opening automobile.

The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is:

Steel wire rope type: the inboard steel plate cavity at the automobile door is installed one group of metal baffle, i.e. front apron and backboard, and forward and backward baffle plate is provided with the relative axis hole in position, and the Control Shaft of emergency opening device passes the axis hole on the front and rear baffle.Line wheel around wire rope is connected on the Control Shaft with key, is born the weight of Control Shaft and line wheel by baffle plate.The front end of Control Shaft is provided with square axis hole, and the rear end is connected with plane scroll spring, and the other end of volute spring is fixed on the cleek of backboard.In addition, below the control axis hole of forward and backward baffle plate, be respectively arranged with two small rod holes, manual link and split axle push rod rigidly connected with it, connecting shaft push rod all pass tie rod holes, the end that manual link stretches out front apron is connected with emergency button, and this button can involution automatically under the effect of the small-sized compression spring on the connecting rod.Under the normal condition, end face is that foursquare worm-wheel shaft inserts in the square axis hole of Control Shaft, drive the Control Shaft rotation by dc motor by the worm gear reducer device, control axis wheel is gone up around driving the upper and lower movement of glass supporter to two opposite wire rope, and the electronic of motor-vehicle glass window closed or open in realization.When the electronic button vehicle window switched to " pass window " position, Control Shaft produced rotation under the drive of motor, and glass for vehicle window rises, and the plane scroll spring that drives simultaneously on the Control Shaft produces the elastic deformation of snail volume, has stored mechanical energy; When emergency (as vehicle falling into water) takes place when, because vehicle loses power supply, motor can't turn round, glass for vehicle window can't carry out electric opening, then press the manual-operated emergent button, so the split axle push rod promotes the line wheel and Control Shaft produces axially-movable to the backboard direction, the Control Shaft square hole leaves the worm gear square shaft, make Control Shaft and worm-wheel shaft realize separating, removed the self-locking action of motor worm reducer, under the elastic force effect of volute spring, Control Shaft and line wheel produce opposite spin, glass descends fast, opens vehicle window, reaches the purpose of emergency escape.

Lever: a metal baffle case is installed in the inboard steel plate cavity of automobile door, on the forward and backward baffle plate of baffled box axis hole is set, between the roller gear on the worm-wheel shaft and the sector gear on the lever, install a special gear additional, this special gear front end is processed into angular wheel, roller gear is processed in the rear end, under the normal condition, the roller gear on the cylindrical gear teeth of special gear and the worm-wheel shaft and the sector gear on the lever is meshing is connected transmitting torque.When the motorized window control button being switched to " pass window " position, motor drives lever by the roller gear on reducer, the worm-wheel shaft, special gear (cylindrical wheel toothed portion), sector gear and lifts glass, when glass for vehicle window rises, stretching energy-stored spring, store mechanical energy.When the emergency of automobile dead electricity takes place when, press the manual-operated emergent button that special gear axle front end connects, special gear produces to the backboard direction and moves axially, then be between worm-wheel shaft roller gear and the sector gear is the taper gear teeth of special gear, because the diameter of the special gear front end taper gear teeth is much smaller than the diameter of the cylindrical gear teeth in its rear end, therefore, the taper gear teeth of special gear can't with worm-wheel shaft on roller gear and the sector gear on the lever meshing, so the self-locking action of motor worm reducer is disengaged, under the elastic force effect of extension spring, glass for vehicle window descends rapidly (unlatching), reaches emergent purpose of windowing.After discharging the manual-operated emergent button, under the effect of special gear Rear springs, special gear baffle plate generation forwards moves axially, and then the cylindrical gear teeth of special gear rear end and the roller gear on the worm-wheel shaft and the sector gear on the lever are meshing again, and motor-vehicle glass window recovers electronic control mode.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: under the automobile normal condition, still use the electric up-down of electronic button control glass window, in the complete vehicle dead electricity in emergency circumstances, can utilize emergent hand push button to open glass for vehicle window fast, and reliable in action, safety quick.

Description of drawings:

The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples

Fig. 1 is the operating mechanism schematic diagram of motorized window emergency opening device (steel wire rope type).

Fig. 2 is the A of Fig. 1---the A sectional view.

Fig. 3 is for adopting the automobile electric window schematic diagram of movements of volute spring energy storage.

Fig. 4 is for adopting the automobile electric window schematic diagram of movements of column-shape stretching spring energy storage.

Fig. 5 is the operating mechanism schematic diagram of motorized window emergency opening device (lever).

Fig. 6 is the B of Fig. 5---the B sectional drawing.

Fig. 7 is the control circuit figure of automobile electric window.

Fig. 1---among Fig. 2 (steel wire rope type): 1. worm screw, 2. motor, 3. pin, 4. worm gear, 5. worm-wheel shaft, 6. Control Shaft square opening and prism, 7. front apron, 8. Control Shaft, 9. front apron axis hole, 10. line is taken turns, 11. keys, 12. wire rope, 13. backboards, 14. the volute spring stay hook, 15. volute springs, 16. backboard axis holes, 17. connecting shafts push up your bar, 18. wire rope, 19, manual link, 20. tie rod holes, 21. the split axle push rod, 22. resetting springs, 23. baffle plate bolts, 24. manual emergency buttons.

Fig. 5---Fig. 6 (lever): 1. special gear axle, 2. baffled box, 3. roller gear, 4. motor 5. worm-wheel shafts, 6. worm gear, 7. special gear, 8. compression spring, 9. axis hole, 10. key, 11. sector gears, 12. chutes, 13. glass, 14. guide rail, 15. extension springs, 16. spring supports, 17. driven lever, 18. driven lever supports, 19. active levers, 20. the active lever shaft, 21. spacer pins, 22. manual-operated emergent buttons.

The specific embodiment:

Steel wire rope type: in Fig. 1, direct current generator (2) when running, by the deceleration device that worm screw (1), worm gear (4) are formed, drive slowly rotation of worm-wheel shaft (5), worm-wheel shaft (5) can separate or connect with square hole (6) on the Control Shaft (8).Control Shaft (8) connects by key (11) with line wheel (10), makes Control Shaft (8) can drive line wheel (10) and rotates together.From positive direction (namely from front apron baffle plate direction) backward, wire rope (12) clockwise direction is on line wheel (10), and wire rope (18) counter-clockwise direction is on line wheel (10).When the automobile circuit system just often, when motorized window gauge tap SA is switched to " liter " (pass window) position (see figure 7), relay (K1) coil is charged, and electric current forms path by the constant close contact of (K1) constant open contact, motor (D), (K2), and motor just changes; When motorized window gauge tap (SA) was switched to " falling " (windowing) position, relay (K2) coil was charged, and electric current forms path by (K2) constant open contact, motor (D), (K1) constant close contact, the motor counter-rotating.During electric operating, worm-wheel shaft (5) connects by square hole (6) with Control Shaft (8), when motor (2) when just changeing, deceleration device and the worm-wheel shaft (5) formed by worm screw (1), worm gear (4) drive Control Shaft (8) and the rotation of line wheel (10) clockwise direction, and then wire rope (18) draws on online wheel the (10); Wire rope (12) constantly discharges from line wheel (10), drives glass and rises, and makes the plane scroll spring (15) of Control Shaft (8) rear end produce the elastic deformation of snail volume simultaneously, stores enough mechanical energy.When motor (2) counter-rotating, drive Control Shaft (8) and (10) counter rotation of line wheel by worm gear reducer device, worm-wheel shaft (5), then wire rope (18) discharges, and wire rope (12) draws on online wheel the (10), drives glass and descends.

In Fig. 2, automobile electric window in off position, worm-wheel shaft this moment (5) is bound up with Control Shaft (8), volute spring (15) is in the energy storage state.In when, emergency taking place causing full car dead electricity when, press manual-operated emergent button (24) rapidly, then connecting rod (19) drives split axle push rod (21), push line wheel (10) and Control Shaft (8) to the backboard direction, Control Shaft (8) is separated with worm-wheel shaft (5), removed the self-locking of motor reducer, under the elastic force reaction of volute spring (15), Control Shaft (8) and the rotation of line wheel (10) inhour, drive glass by wire rope (12), (18) and descend rapidly, reach the purpose of quick unlatching vehicle window escape.After decontroling manual-operated emergent button (24), under the reaction force of compression spring (22), connecting shaft push rod (17) promote line wheel (10) and Control Shaft (8) to the front apron axis of orientation to motion, worm-wheel shaft (5) and Control Shaft (8) are connect again, [do not insert in the Control Shaft square hole (6) as worm-wheel shaft (5), can intermittently press electronic X button, make motor (2) drive slowly rotation of worm-wheel shaft (5), when worm-wheel shaft (5) aligns Control Shaft square hole (6), under the elastic force effect of spring (22), worm-wheel shaft (5) can insert in the Control Shaft square hole (6) and connect], thus the function of recovery electric up-down glass.

Lever: in Fig. 5, dc motor (4) connects worm reducer (6), pass on the worm-wheel shaft (5) of baffled box axis hole (9) roller gear (3) is installed, special gear axle (1) middle part of passing baffled box axis hole (9) is connected with by key (10) that special gear (7), front portion pass spacer pin (21), the rear portion is installed with and compresses spring (8), and the front end of special gear axle (1) is connected with emergency button (22).Under the normal condition, roller gear (3) on the cylindrical gear teeth in rear end (7-1) (referring to Fig. 6) of special gear (7) and the worm-wheel shaft (5), the meshing transmitting torque of sector gear on the lever (11), the rear portion of sector gear (11) is connected with initiatively lever (19), under the drive of sector gear (11), initiatively lever (19) can rotate around its axle (20), initiatively roller is equipped with at the top of lever (19), can in the chute (12) of glass (13) support below, slide, driven lever (17) can rotate by the fulcrum on its underpart support (18), roller also is equipped with at driven lever (17) top, also can slide in chute (12).In active lever (19), driven lever (17) lifting glass, pulling spring (15) elongation, store mechanical energy.When the automobile circuit system just often, when motorized window gauge tap SA is switched to " liter " (pass window) position (see figure 7), relay (K1) coil is charged, and electric current forms path by the constant close contact of (K1) constant open contact, motor (D), (K2), and motor just changes; When motorized window gauge tap (SA) was switched to " falling " (windowing) position, relay (K2) coil was charged, and electric current forms path by (K2) constant open contact, motor (D), (K1) constant close contact, the motor counter-rotating.The forward and backward of control motor, the back of slowing down is by gear train, lever drives glass lifting.In Fig. 5, when motor (4) when just changeing, driving roller gear (3) by worm gear (6) deceleration back rotates, and by special gear (7) drive sector gear (11) rotation, so initiatively lever (19) rotates around its axle (20) inhour, drive glass (13) and rise, elongate spring (15) simultaneously, store mechanical energy.When automobile runs into emergency (as falling into water) dead electricity, vehicle window can't be opened by the electricity consumption flowing mode, then press manual-operated emergent button (22), so special gear (7) moves axially backward, the taper gear teeth (7-2) (see figure 6) of special gear (7) front end is between the roller gear (3) and sector gear (11) on the worm-wheel shaft (5), because the diameter of the taper gear teeth (7-2) of special gear (7) is much smaller than the diameter of its cylindrical gear teeth (7-1), make special gear (7) can't with worm-wheel shaft (5) on roller gear (3) and sector gear (11) meshing, the self-locking releasing of motor worm reducer then, under the pulling of energy-stored spring (15), glass (13) descends rapidly, vehicle window is opened, and reaches the purpose of safety exit.After vehicle window is opened, discharge emergency button (22), under the elastic force effect of compression spring (8), special gear (7) forwards moves axially, the cylindrical gear teeth in rear end (7-1) of special gear (7) again with worm-wheel shaft (5) on roller gear (3) and sector gear (11) meshing, vehicle window recovers the electric up-down function.

Claims (4)

1. automobile electric window emergency opening device, in the steel plate cavity of car door inboard, being equipped with can be just, the dc motor of reverse turn, direct current generator connects worm reducer, be connected with reel or roller gear on the worm-wheel shaft, motor is through worm reducer, wire rope or roller gear and sector gear drive glass supporter and glass moves up and down along guide rail, it is characterized in that: at car door inner control axle plane scroll spring is installed, or cylindrical spring is installed below glass supporter, when the electronic rising of glass, the extension spring store mechanical energy when vehicle generation emergency, is opened glass for vehicle window fast by energy-stored spring.
2. automobile electric window emergency opening device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: Control Shaft connects with worm-wheel shaft is movable, can transmitting torque, can separate neatly or connect again.
3. automobile electric window emergency opening device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the aperture that manual-operated emergent button, connecting rod, split axle push rod, connecting shaft push rod pass forward and backward baffle plate is rigidly connected, and the manual-operated emergent button is connected with involution compression spring.
4. automobile electric window emergency opening device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: between the cylindrical gear on the worm-wheel shaft and the sector gear on the lever, install a special gear additional, the special gear rear end is the cylindrical gear teeth, front end is the taper gear teeth, and special gear axle front ends is connected with emergency button.
CN2013200258476U 2013-01-18 2013-01-18 Emergency opening device of automobile electric window CN203114008U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013200258476U CN203114008U (en) 2013-01-18 2013-01-18 Emergency opening device of automobile electric window

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013200258476U CN203114008U (en) 2013-01-18 2013-01-18 Emergency opening device of automobile electric window

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203114008U true CN203114008U (en) 2013-08-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013200258476U CN203114008U (en) 2013-01-18 2013-01-18 Emergency opening device of automobile electric window

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103993805A (en) * 2013-02-20 2014-08-20 杨文均 Emergency automobile electric window opening device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103993805A (en) * 2013-02-20 2014-08-20 杨文均 Emergency automobile electric window opening device
CN103993805B (en) * 2013-02-20 2016-04-06 杨文均 The urgent windowing facility of automobile electric window

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130807

Termination date: 20150118

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model