CN203083488U - Integral vertical and horizontal step gage - Google Patents

Integral vertical and horizontal step gage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203083488U
CN203083488U CN 201320073935 CN201320073935U CN203083488U CN 203083488 U CN203083488 U CN 203083488U CN 201320073935 CN201320073935 CN 201320073935 CN 201320073935 U CN201320073935 U CN 201320073935U CN 203083488 U CN203083488 U CN 203083488U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
step gage
main body
gage
integral vertical
integral
Prior art date
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320073935
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田俊成
唐军
张新印
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Shaanxi Polytechnic Institute
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Shaanxi Polytechnic Institute
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Priority to CN 201320073935 priority Critical patent/CN203083488U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203083488U publication Critical patent/CN203083488U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an integral vertical and horizontal step gage, belonging to the technical field of standard manufacturing of national machinery. The integral vertical and horizontal step gage is mainly characterized in that a step gage main body used for measuring size adopts an integral structure, and the shape of the step gage main body adopts a concavo-convex notch integral structure; through holes are formed in the step gage main body, and one end on the step gage main body is provided with a positioning seat, and coupling screws are arranged on the positioning seat. The integral vertical and horizontal step gage has the advantages of simple structure, high cost performance, convenient assembly, high precision and small usage error, and the thermal expansion coefficient is the same with that of a checked machine tool. The measurement error caused by temperature variation can be completely overcome, the integral vertical and horizontal step gage can be used at natural temperature at will, and the quality of product and the detection efficiency are greatly increased.

Description

Monoblock type horizontal-vertical double-purpose step gage
One, technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of measurement that is used for the numerically-controlled machine linear axis, the step gage that bearing accuracy, repetitive positioning accuracy detect, specifically a kind of monoblock type horizontal-vertical double-purpose step gage is the standard utensil in a kind of length dimension Measuring and testing, belongs to national machinery standard manufacturing technology field.
Two, background technology
Be the material standard gauge that cushion block that the measurement gauge block made by stupalith and steel material are made is spliced and has the certain-length size now with step gage.The national standard " JB/T10977-2010 " of step gage issued in labourer hired by the month in 2010 7 letter radicals by which characters are arranged in traditional Chinese dictionaries.In September, 2010, the State Bureau of Quality Supervision issued step gage calibrating standard " JJF1258-2010 ".Should belong to a kind of new product.
1, the structure of step gage:
The structure of step gage is to be spliced successively by several 10mm pottery measurement gauge blocks and steel cushion block.
2, the accuracy class of step gage is divided into by " JB/T10977-2010 ":
0 grade, 1 grade, 2 grades, 0 grade the highest, and 2 grades minimum, sees Table 1.
3, the defective of existing step gage.
We find in detecting numerically-controlled machine, the 0 grade of step gage of a 500mm in existing the using, and dimensional stability is bad.Subsequently in the time more than a year to this step gage, thermal expansion amount under the natural temperature condition, carried out a large amount of detection research, find that existing step gage has two defectives: one is fault of construction, it is by 17 10mm ceramic gauge blocks, be spliced with 34 steel cushion blocks, each gauge block inevitably exists planarity, collimation, size, installation error factors, can not a rigid body after the splicing, when varying with temperature and the thermal expansion amount of standard gauge block very big difference is arranged, under different temperature, produce creep; Another defective is that pottery is different with the thermal expansion coefficient of steel material, and pottery is 9.5 * 10 -6℃, steel is 11.5 * 10 -6℃, two big defectives all influence the step gage dimensional accuracy, can produce very big measuring error in the use.
4, the test experience of step gage thermal expansion amount.
4.1, testing environment and condition.
The place is located at not to be had in refrigeration and the making-up shop of heating installation, and room temperature is a natural temperature, rises to 37 ℃ (Augusts) by 7 ℃ (January) in time and reduces to 7 ℃ (January).
4.2, installation and detection method.
The accuracy class of table 1 step gage
Installation method is with the half ceramic step gage of 0~500mm and the gauge block assembly of equidimension, is placed on the 00 grade of granite surface plate of 750 * 1000mm after strictness is cleaned, and the both sides of gauge block are provided with and prevent the device that collapses.Is that 0.1 μ m inductance amesdial reliably connects with the good support of rigidity with resolution, can carry out the gauge block assembly of step gage and equidimension contourly comparing and measuring.
During measurement gauge head is contacted with gauge block assembly upper surface, mix up the inductance amesdial zero-bit, again gauge head is pushed into the step gage measured surface, compare measurement.Each measurement number of times is carried out survey record greater than 10, when getting its mean value and measuring as this, and the difference in height of step gage and gauge block assembly.
5, the detection data of thermal expansion amount.
In the time more than a year, be raised to 37 ℃ of high temperature from 7 ℃ of workshop natural temperatures, when reducing to 7 ℃ again, done in a large number with machine testing, with these all temps numerical value of record down, pick out and have typical representative data, see Table 2.
The table 2 step gage temperature experimental data (μ m) that expands
By the variation of table 2 as can be known, the error of 500mm step gage when heating up is 8.3-(10.9)=19.2 (μ m), 3.0-(10.9)=13.9 (μ m) when cooling, and size is returned less than original position during cooling, differs 8.3-5.0=5.3 (μ m).
It is scaled every meter heat expansion amount difference with gauge block, then reach 19.2 * 2=38.4 μ m, the accuracy class requirement that far exceeds step gage, therefore under natural temperature, be difficult to guarantee, the accuracy of detection of numerically-controlled machine and length metering size, so big error can't guarantee the precision of step gage defined.
Three, utility model content
The purpose of this utility model just is to overcome existing step gage, it structurally not whole shape, the rigidity deficiency, each gauge block and cushion block inevitably exist planarity, collimation, size, installation error factors, add that the measurement gauge block is different with the cushion block thermal expansion coefficient, and after the splicing can not be a rigid body, when varying with temperature and the thermal expansion amount of standard gauge block very big difference is arranged, under different temperature, be easy to generate creep, only be adapted to 20 ℃ standard temperature, thus a kind of new technical scheme that proposes.
For achieving the above object, the utility model can be realized by following scheme:
A kind of monoblock type horizontal-vertical double-purpose step gage, it splices the step gage main body that the back is formed successively by single measurement gauge block, cushion block, be formed by connecting by holder, measuring gauge block and cushion block is one-piece construction, and the step gage main body of using at measurement size is concavo-convex notch one-piece construction; On the step gage main body, be provided with through hole; An end is provided with positioning seat on the step gage main body, is provided with attachment screw on positioning seat.
The concavo-convex notch that the step gage main body is provided with above is the rectangular strip toothing.
The advantage that the utility model is compared with prior art had is: the globality structure, good rigidly, the cost performance height, easy to assembly, can stand crouches installs and uses, thermal expansion coefficient is identical with tested lathe, and use error is little, the measuring accuracy height, identical with tested lathe thermal expansion coefficient, can overcome the measuring error that causes because of temperature variation fully, can adapt to the detection requirement under the normal temperature, improve the quality and the detection efficiency of product greatly.
Four, description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of example structure synoptic diagram of the utility model;
Accompanying drawing 2 is right TV structure synoptic diagram of the utility model accompanying drawing 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is that the A-A of the utility model accompanying drawing 1 is to the sectional structure synoptic diagram.
Five, embodiment
To be embodied as example the utility model is described in further details in conjunction with the accompanying drawings now:
A kind of monoblock type horizontal-vertical double-purpose step gage:
1, material: select well CrWMn steel of stability for use, can eliminate the different defectives of thermal expansion coefficient.
2, processing: adopt the line cutting to carry out roughing, use the finishing of high precision numerical control calliper grinding machine again, reach required size, eliminate rigidity deficiency on the structure, produce the defective of creep with temperature.
Monoblock type horizontal-vertical double-purpose step gage is that existing measurement gauge block and cushion block are made with same steel one-piece construction, be to be connected with attachment screw 3 by positioning seat 2 to form on step gage main body 1, it is the rectangular strip toothing that the step gage main body 1 that its measurement size is used is provided with the concavo-convex notch that guarantees measuring accuracy; But on step gage main body 1, be provided with through hole 4 weight reductions and increase the rigidity intensity of step gage; An end is provided with positioning seat 2 on step gage main body 1, and positioning seat 2 is to establish in order to adjust bottom surface and blade main body verticality.

Claims (2)

1. monoblock type horizontal-vertical double-purpose step gage, it splices the step gage main body that the back is formed successively by single measurement gauge block, cushion block, be formed by connecting by holder, it is characterized in that: measuring gauge block and cushion block is one-piece construction, and the step gage main body of using at measurement size (1) is concavo-convex notch one-piece construction; On step gage main body (1), be provided with through hole (4); Be provided with positioning seat (2) at the last end of step gage main body (1), on positioning seat (2), be provided with attachment screw (3).
2. a kind of monoblock type horizontal-vertical double-purpose step gage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the concavo-convex notch that step gage main body (1) is provided with above is the rectangular strip toothing.
CN 201320073935 2013-01-16 2013-01-16 Integral vertical and horizontal step gage Expired - Fee Related CN203083488U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320073935 CN203083488U (en) 2013-01-16 2013-01-16 Integral vertical and horizontal step gage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320073935 CN203083488U (en) 2013-01-16 2013-01-16 Integral vertical and horizontal step gage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203083488U true CN203083488U (en) 2013-07-24

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CN 201320073935 Expired - Fee Related CN203083488U (en) 2013-01-16 2013-01-16 Integral vertical and horizontal step gage

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CN (1) CN203083488U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104729386A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-06-24 桂林安一量具有限公司 High-stability simple step gauge and technological method thereof
CN104729372A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-06-24 桂林安一量具有限公司 Integrated simple step gauge manufacturing technical method
CN106152891A (en) * 2015-05-11 2016-11-23 桂林安量具有限公司 The high durable monomer step gage of high stability and process thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104729386A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-06-24 桂林安一量具有限公司 High-stability simple step gauge and technological method thereof
CN104729372A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-06-24 桂林安一量具有限公司 Integrated simple step gauge manufacturing technical method
CN106152891A (en) * 2015-05-11 2016-11-23 桂林安量具有限公司 The high durable monomer step gage of high stability and process thereof

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130724

Termination date: 20150116

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model