CN203048433U - Remote intelligent control system of workover rig - Google Patents

Remote intelligent control system of workover rig Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203048433U
CN203048433U CN 201320081249 CN201320081249U CN203048433U CN 203048433 U CN203048433 U CN 203048433U CN 201320081249 CN201320081249 CN 201320081249 CN 201320081249 U CN201320081249 U CN 201320081249U CN 203048433 U CN203048433 U CN 203048433U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
control unit
intelligent control
control system
remote intelligent
service machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201320081249
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许原春
白丽艳
吴娟
王彦萍
刘金花
苗红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TONGHUA PETROCHEMICAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TONGHUA PETROCHEMICAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TONGHUA PETROCHEMICAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical TONGHUA PETROCHEMICAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201320081249 priority Critical patent/CN203048433U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203048433U publication Critical patent/CN203048433U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a remote intelligent control system of a workover rig, namely, the intelligent operation of the workover jig is realized through a remote intelligent control program. A programmable program controller is connected with a brake control unit, a drum clutch control unit, a diesel oil throttle control unit, a drum absolute value encoder, a travelling block hook load pressure transmitter and a wellhead feedback signal unit. The labor intensity for drillers is alleviated, device and human injury during the well repair process is avoided, technological content and automation level of the workover rig are improved, and remote monitoring on the on-site operation parameters of the workover treatment is realized.

Description

The service machine remote intelligent control system
Technical field
The utility model relates to the petroleum well servicing rig remote intelligent control system, namely realizes the service machine intelligent operation by the long-distance intelligent control program.
Background technology
In prior art, service machine removes the oil pipe operation process, all need be by manually operating.Well pulling job: the driller personnel need unclamp drum brake earlier, engage drum clutch simultaneously and strengthen diesel engine throttle, the traveling system that the cylinder lay winding wire ropes is formed by derrick crown and hook block is carried flow column on fast, when the oil pipe that proposes during near the length of an oil pipe, reduce diesel engine throttle, slow down the flow column upward strain speed; After the box cupling of flow column proposes well head, the tight drum brake of stopping, disconnect drum clutch simultaneously, make hook block and flow column hover over relative position, manually pipe elevator is placed on the wellhead flange, pipe elevator is fastened on the oil pipe of flow column box cupling bottom, adjust drum brake, hook block and flow column are transferred slowly, and the box cupling of flow column drops on the pipe elevator; The artificial promotion and the operation hydraulic tubing tong, make tubing tongs fasten the firmly oil pipe above the flow column, the operation hydraulic tubing tong carries out shackle, unclamp tubing tongs after shackle is finished, and make tubing tongs break away from oil pipe, manually the oil pipe lower end of unloading is pushed away well head, index drum brake makes hook block and the oil pipe that unloads is transferred, after transferring oil pipe to the pipe framed bent, the suspension ring on the pipe elevator of unsnaping, and with suspension ring hang over carry out on the elevator above the well head oil pipe next time on propose operation.
Following oil pipe operation: index drum brake, transferring hook block manually hangs over suspension ring on the pipe elevator of managing on the framed bent, releasing of brake engages drum clutch simultaneously, the control diesel engine throttle, make hook block mention oil pipe with suitable speed, manually set upright oil pipe, make the oil pipe pin thread of carrying on hook block, align the box that is suspended on the OIH string collar by pipe elevator, slowly transfer hook block, the oil pipe pin thread is docked with the box cupling box, stop and tightly brake, the artificial promotion and the operation hydraulic tubing tong, make tubing tongs fasten oil pipe, the operation hydraulic tubing tong is gone up button, after finishing, last button unclamps tubing tongs, and making tubing tongs break away from oil pipe, releasing of brake also engages drum clutch, carries on hook block is slight, pipe elevator on the wellhead flange pulled down shift out wellhead flange, and being fastened on pipe framed bent tubing collar end, releasing of brake is transferred tubing string, when the elevator on the tubing string during near well head, adjust brake, slowly seat is on wellhead flange to make elevator, and the suspension ring and hanging on the elevator of the oil pipe on the pipe framed bent of unsnaping carry out the work of transferring of next root oil pipe.
Above operation process, the driller personnel must concentrate by energy, can not have at all and divert one's attention, otherwise will cause equipment or fatal accident.
The utility model content
The utility model purpose is for the deficiency in the said process, and the part link of driller's operation is adopted electromechanical integration control, and a kind of remedial work intelligence control system of safe, driller's semiautomatic control is provided.
Technical solution of the present utility model is: the service machine remote intelligent control system adopts plc to be connected with brake control unit, drum clutch control unit, diesel engine oil door control unit, cylinder absolute value encoder, hook block load pressure transmitter and well head feedback signal unit.
Plc is the TTC60 plc.
The brake control unit adopts U.S. import SM4 series solenoid-operated proportional servo operated valve, working clamp hydraulic actuating cylinder and the safety tongs hydraulic actuating cylinder of control brake system.
The drum clutch control unit adopts MFH-3-1/2-TT40-SA electromagnetic control air valve, the compressed-air actuated supply of index drum power-transfer clutch or stop to supply with.
Be installed in the signal that the RSA698 multi-turn absolute value encoder on the cylinder is gathered, after the programming controller computing, feed back speed and the relative position of hook block in real time.
Hook block load pressure transmitter adopts HM22 high-precision pressure transmitter, by the weight on hook feedback signal, after the judgement hook does not bear tubing string weight, finishes Based Intelligent Control and transfers program.
Adopt manual and automatically controlled double mode hydraulic disc brake, manual pattern is used for improper parameter operation brake control and emergency situation brake control, and automatically controlled pattern is used for the intelligence system signal control, is convenient to receive the control command that programming controller sends; The RSA698 multi-turn absolute value encoder that adopts Siemens to produce is gathered the cylinder signal, through the programming controller computing, and parameters such as reaction hook block speed, position, reciprocation cycle number of times; Diesel engine, each parameter of hydraulic transmission box be all by CAN bus input routine controller, and the feedback command correction of sending by controller and adjust diesel engine and change speed gear box output parameter; Adopt the grand Science and Technology Ltd. of washing one's hair in Nanjing to develop jointly the HM22 high-precision pressure transmitter of producing with German HELM company, collection hook block load signal flows to programming controller; Use the above various parameter signals of TTC60 plc reception that Siemens is produced, by computing and processing, by the program that programming controller is set, send action command to each power element, realize intellectual remedial work; Use the ZBCOM-100/200IE wireless communication module that Siemens is produced, the remedial work parameter is carried out remote data transmission, realize utilizing remote computer effective monitoring well workover field operation situation.
Advantage of the present utility model: the labour intensity that 1, has alleviated the driller personnel.2, avoid causing in the well workover process equipment and fatal accident.3, service machine scientific and technological content and automatization level have been improved.4, realized remote monitor and control to remedial work field operation parameter.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model control module block diagram.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, the service machine remote intelligent control system comprises plc, and plc is connected with brake control unit, drum clutch control unit, diesel engine oil door control unit, cylinder absolute value encoder, hook block load pressure transmitter and well head feedback signal unit.
Control principle:
Well pulling job: after finishing the well pulling job preparation, control system switches to the Based Intelligent Control state, the TTC60 programming controller (is used U.S. import SM4 series solenoid-operated proportional servo operated valve to the brake control unit, working clamp hydraulic actuating cylinder and the safety tongs hydraulic actuating cylinder of control brake system), the drum clutch control unit (is used MFH-3-1/2-TT40-SA electromagnetic control air valve, the compressed-air actuated supply of index drum power-transfer clutch or stop to supply with) and the diesel engine oil door control unit (itself carries diesel engine, carry out data transmission by the CAN bus that connects with TTC60) send action command, drum clutch engages brake system releasing of brake simultaneously, diesel engine throttle strengthens engine speed to be increased, and carries flow column on hook block is quick; Be installed in the signal that the RSA698 multi-turn absolute value encoder on the cylinder is gathered, after the programming controller computing, feed back speed and the relative position of hook block in real time, the oil pipe that proposes when hook block is during near the length of an oil pipe, programming controller sends instruction to the diesel engine oil door control unit, reduce diesel engine speed, when the flow column length that proposes is the length 500mm of manying than an oil pipe, programming controller sends action command to brake control unit and cylinder clutch unit, check brake and loosen the clutch, hook block hovers over relative position; The well head operating personal is fastened on pipe elevator on the oil pipe below the tubing string tubing collar, then manually to the programming controller output feedback signal, after programming controller is received the well head feedback signal, send action command to the brake control unit, slowly discharge brake, hook block is slowly transferred, and makes tubing string pass through the string collar seat on the well head elevator; By the weight on hook feedback signal, after the judgement hook does not bear tubing string weight, finish intelligent control program.Well head operating personal operation hydraulic tubing tong is realized the oil pipe shackle, after shackle was finished, driller's manual control hook block cooperated with the well head operating personal, and the oil pipe that proposes is guided on the pipe framed bent of well site, manually take suspension ring and elevator from the oil pipe that has unloaded, and suspension ring are hung on the well head elevator.Open intelligence control system, carry out putting forward program on next root oil pipe.
Following oil pipe operation: the driller cooperates with the well head operating personal, the index drum brake, transferring hook block manually hangs over suspension ring on the pipe elevator of managing on the framed bent, releasing of brake engages drum clutch simultaneously, the control diesel engine throttle, make hook block mention oil pipe with suitable speed, manually set upright oil pipe, make the oil pipe pin thread of carrying on hook block, align the box that is suspended on the OIH string collar by pipe elevator, slowly transfer hook block, the oil pipe pin thread is docked with the box cupling box, stop and tightly brake, well head operating personal process oil pipe wrench is realized buckleing on the oil pipe, after hydraulic tubing tong is finished button and playback, carry flow column 500mm in driller's manual operation and hover, the well head operating personal shifts out elevator from wellhead flange, then manually to the programming controller output feedback signal, after programming controller is received the well head feedback signal, oil drain tube task program under the beginning Based Intelligent Control: programming controller sends instruction to the brake control unit, releasing of brake, transfer tubing string, be installed in the signal that the multi-turn absolute value encoder on the cylinder is gathered, after the programming controller computing, feed back speed and the relative position of hook block in real time, according to the location parameter of hook block, when judging elevator near well head, programming controller sends action and parameter instruction to brake units, and the slow seat of the elevator on the control tubing string is on well head, by the weight on hook feedback signal, after judging that hook does not bear tubing string weight, finish Based Intelligent Control and transfer program.

Claims (6)

1. a service machine remote intelligent control system is characterized in that plc is connected with brake control unit, drum clutch control unit, diesel engine oil door control unit, cylinder absolute value encoder, hook block load pressure transmitter and well head feedback signal unit.
2. according to the described service machine remote intelligent control system of claim 1, it is characterized in that plc is the TTC60 plc.
3. according to the described service machine remote intelligent control system of claim 1, the control unit that it is characterized in that braking adopts U.S. import SM4 series solenoid-operated proportional servo operated valve, working clamp hydraulic actuating cylinder and the safety tongs hydraulic actuating cylinder of control brake system.
4. according to the described service machine remote intelligent control system of claim 1, it is characterized in that the drum clutch control unit adopts MFH-3-1/2-TT40-SA electromagnetic control air valve, the compressed-air actuated supply of index drum power-transfer clutch or stop to supply with.
5. according to the described service machine remote intelligent control system of claim 1, it is characterized in that being installed in the signal that the RSA698 multi-turn absolute value encoder on the cylinder is gathered, after the programming controller computing, feed back speed and the relative position of hook block in real time.
6. according to the described service machine remote intelligent control system of claim 1, it is characterized in that hook block load pressure transmitter adopts HM22 high-precision pressure transmitter, by the weight on hook feedback signal, after the judgement hook does not bear tubing string weight, finish Based Intelligent Control and transfer program.
CN 201320081249 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Remote intelligent control system of workover rig Expired - Fee Related CN203048433U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320081249 CN203048433U (en) 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Remote intelligent control system of workover rig

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320081249 CN203048433U (en) 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Remote intelligent control system of workover rig

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203048433U true CN203048433U (en) 2013-07-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320081249 Expired - Fee Related CN203048433U (en) 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Remote intelligent control system of workover rig

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203048433U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103101841A (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-05-15 通化石油化工机械制造有限责任公司 Remote intelligent control system for workover rig

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103101841A (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-05-15 通化石油化工机械制造有限责任公司 Remote intelligent control system for workover rig

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130710

Termination date: 20210222

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee