CN202998944U - Photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with adjustable light quantity - Google Patents

Photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with adjustable light quantity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202998944U
CN202998944U CN2012205790351U CN201220579035U CN202998944U CN 202998944 U CN202998944 U CN 202998944U CN 2012205790351 U CN2012205790351 U CN 2012205790351U CN 201220579035 U CN201220579035 U CN 201220579035U CN 202998944 U CN202998944 U CN 202998944U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic
agricultural greenhouse
guide rails
guide rail
electrification component
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN2012205790351U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦霄海
刘红阳
赵春庆
赵文军
汤杰虎
常正茹
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Yu Xin Application Of Solar Energy Engineering Co Ltd
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Henan Yu Xin Application Of Solar Energy Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012205790351U priority Critical patent/CN202998944U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model discloses a photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, and belongs to the field of photovoltaic power generation and modern ecological agriculture. The greenhouse comprises a greenhouse sunny side foundation and a night side foundation, wherein a ceiling frame is arranged on the sunny side foundation and the night side foundation, at least two parallel guide rails are arranged on a sunny side of the ceiling frame and include a first guide rail and a second guide rail, a first photovoltaic support is arranged on the first guide rail and the second guide rail in a sliding mode, a photovoltaic power generation component is arranged on the first photovoltaic support, and the first photovoltaic support can drive the photovoltaic power generation component to slide on the upper edges of the first guide rail and the second guide rail. According to the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with adjustable light quantity, the photovoltaic power generation component is arranged on the first photovoltaic support, agricultural benefits and power generation benefits can be effectively balanced through the fact that photovoltaic supports move to be in a complete overlapping state or in a partial overlapping state, and maximization of the benefits is achieved.

Description

Capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, and particularly a kind of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, belong to photovoltaic generation and modern ecological agriculture field.
Background technology
photovoltaic generation is one of the clean energy resource in future of generally acknowledging, although the development of photovoltaic industry has run into variety of problems at present, but each side is good to its following industrial development direction, one of bottleneck of photovoltaic industry development is large-scale power generation applications, in the past this demand in Europe and developed country very vigorous, driven the arrival on the interim peak of China's photovoltaic industry, generation along with Europe debt crisis, this slump in demand is very fast, seriously influenced the production and selling of China photovoltaic enterprise, shared ratio escheat is very little at home in view of photovoltaic generation, in the industry all with the startup of domestic market and the development direction as enterprise development, what at first extensive generating needed to solve is the place problem, China interior mouth density is large, building is in the majority, the arable land is not allowed to capture, so China's photovoltaic generation in earlier stage mainly concentrates on the outlying areas such as northwest, particularly on Gobi desert, the mainland market is not extensive startup slowly, wherein important reason is taken up an area exactly problem and can't be solved, development along with the modern ecological agricultural, agricultural greenhouse has had suitable occupation of land scale in China, the ecological, environmental protective development model of photovoltaic and agricultural greenhouse combination began to occur in China in recent years, and be regarded as the point of penetration that photovoltaic enterprise can develop on a large scale, there has been very great development in China in this one side technology at present, there is multinomial patent to produce, as Chinese patent application number 200810218323.2 " with photovoltaic greenhouse and the TRTs of solar module " and Chinese patent application number: 201110090757.0 " green house automatic light-supplementing production-increasing control systems " etc. are all the application that photovoltaic technology is combined with agricultural greenhouse, generally adopt fixed setting between photovoltaic cell and booth in these technology, in booth, natural light quantity can't be regulated, although the required wave band of the wave band that photovoltaic cell absorbs and plant growth does not overlap in theory, but this light quantity that can't regulate the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse also can affect growth and the agriculture benefit of booth implants to a certain extent, particularly because the crystal silicon solar battery light transmission is relatively poor, this mode has limited present crystal silicon battery as the application of main flow photovoltaic electrification component on photovoltaic green-house, photovoltaic green-house need to need to be regulated the quantity of illumination of booth flexibly for different plants, to guarantee the agriculture benefit of agricultural greenhouse.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is for providing a kind of capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse.
capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse provided by the utility model, comprise that the booth sunny side is basic, back basis, be provided with the ceiling frame on sunny side basis and back basis, at least two closed slides are set on ceiling frame sunny side, be respectively a guide rail and No. two guide rails, slide on guide rail and No. two guide rails photovoltaic bracket is set No. one, photovoltaic electrification component is arranged on photovoltaic cell support, photovoltaic bracket can drive photovoltaic electrification component on track and No. two tracks along sliding, ceiling frame sunny side is provided with guide rail and No. two guide rail parallels but in one plane No. three guide rails and No. four guide rails not, No. three guide rails and No. four guide rails are in a plane, on No. three guide rails and No. four guide rails, photovoltaic bracket is set No. two, No. two photovoltaic bracket is provided with photovoltaic electrification component, adopt the flexible sealing that connects between described No. two photovoltaic brackets and photovoltaic bracket, be provided with light transmission film on the ceiling frame, described light transmission film can be crispaturaed and is arranged on the ceiling frame, described ceiling frame top is provided with spray equipment, described photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse is provided with lightning arrester, described photovoltaic electrification component is crystal silicon solar battery, described photovoltaic electrification component is amorphous silicon film solar battery, described photovoltaic electrification component adopts PVB to encapsulate.
capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse provided by the utility model, photovoltaic electrification component is arranged on photovoltaic bracket, photovoltaic bracket can move along guide rail, arrange in the situation of many group guide rails, photovoltaic electrification component can stagger overlapping, adopt flexible sealing between each photovoltaic bracket, be provided with retractable light transmission film on the ceiling frame, can guarantee the relatively stable of when photovoltaic electrification component staggers or be overlapping environmental temperature in photovoltaic green-house and humidity, the utility model can be by moving to fully overlapping or partial status makes the required quantity of illumination of acquisition in booth between photovoltaic bracket, also can ensure and promote the growth of plant when using crystal silicon battery as photovoltaic electrification component, make the polyhouse-based agriculture ecological benefits best, in the situation that rest and reorganize in booth season or other does not need illumination, can stagger to obtain maximum power benefit between photovoltaic bracket fully, the utility model is balance agricultural benefit and power benefit effectively, realize the maximization of income, increase draw-gear on booth on basis of the present utility model, can realize intelligent control after light exposure measurement device and control device fully, the utility model is simple in structure, be easy to realize, with low cost, being adapted at photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse aspect applies.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is schematic cross-section on the left of the utility model.
Embodiment
In order to explain more fully enforcement of the present utility model, embodiment of the present utility model is provided, these embodiments are only to elaboration of the present utility model, do not limit scope of the present utility model.
as shown in Figure 1, capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, comprise booth sunny side basis 1, back basis 2, be provided with ceiling frame 3 on sunny side basis 1 and back basis 2, at least one group of two closed slides are set on ceiling frame 3 sunny sides, be respectively a guide rail 4 and No. two guide rails 5, slide on guide rail 4 and No. two guide rails 5 photovoltaic bracket 6 is set No. one, photovoltaic electrification component is arranged on photovoltaic cell support 6, photovoltaic bracket 6 can drive photovoltaic electrification component on track 4 and No. two tracks 5 along sliding, in Fig. 1, the guide rail setting party is to being along the ceiling gradient direction, as a kind of equal variation, the guide rail setting party is to also adopting along the booth length direction, namely arrange along ceiling plane and gradient vertical direction, ceiling frame 3 sunny sides are provided with guide rail 4 and No. two 5 guide rail parallels but in one plane No. three guide rails 7 and No. four guide rails 8 not, No. three guide rails 7 and No. four guide rails 8 are in a plane, on No. three guide rails 7 and No. four guide rails 8, photovoltaic bracket 9 is set No. two, No. two photovoltaic bracket 9 is provided with photovoltaic electrification component, adopt the flexible sealing that connects between described No. two photovoltaic brackets 9 and photovoltaic bracket 6, it is known technology that flexible sealing connects, no longer be described in detail, be provided with light transmission film 12 on ceiling frame 3, described light transmission film 12 can be crispaturaed and is arranged on ceiling frame 3, described ceiling frame 3 tops are provided with spray equipment 10, spray equipment can be set to tubulose along the ceiling length direction, begin to spray the water hole on pipe, can complete the cleaning to photovoltaic electrification component, be provided with the water collecting groove road on booth, water after cleaning can be introduced booth waters, described photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse is provided with lightning arrester 11, described photovoltaic electrification component is crystal silicon solar battery, described photovoltaic electrification component is amorphous silicon film solar battery, described photovoltaic electrification component adopts PVB to encapsulate, draw-gear can increased on booth on basis of the present utility model, can realize intelligent control after light exposure measurement device and control device fully, the utility model photovoltaic electrification component is connected with energy storage device after by known connected mode, or by directly online application after inverter.
capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse provided by the utility model, the back adopts light transmission film to seal fully, sunny side basis and back basis also can adopt light transmissive material such as glass to make on the basis of framework, booth is in relative sealing state, under state, light can satisfy plant growth in the situation that photovoltaic electrification component spreads out fully, generating and plant growth can both remove its maximize utility, under state, light can't satisfy plant growth in the situation that photovoltaic electrification component spreads out fully, can select mobile photovoltaic bracket to make the partially or completely overlapping income that guarantees plant growth of photovoltaic electrification component, the hot spot phenomenon that considering overlaps can cause photovoltaic electrification component, the preferred overlapping embodiment fully of the utility model, can install and select and select the assembly little than stock size to realize this scheme on photovoltaic electrification component, when making photovoltaic electrification component overlapping between mobile photovoltaic, for guaranteeing the temperature and humidity in booth, light transmission film 12 is in deployed condition, booth still is in the relative closure state under the sealing of transparent membrane, if the plant growth income is less, can select to keep maximum photovoltaic power generation quantity, reach the maximization of photovoltaic green-house income, the utility model is on traditional agricultural greenhouse is selected film transparent photovoltaic electrification component basis, due to the light income that can regulate photovoltaic green-house, the opaque photovoltaic electrification components such as crystal silicon solar battery also can be used on large photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, the crystal silicon solar battery conversion efficiency than amorphous silicon film solar battery at present is high more than 2 times, be applied on the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, have significant economy and ecological benefits.
After describing embodiment of the present utility model in detail, the personage who is familiar with this technology can be well understood to, can carry out various variations and modification not breaking away under above-mentioned claim and spirit, any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that all foundations technical spirit of the present utility model is done above embodiment, the scope that all belongs to technical solutions of the utility model, and the utility model also is not subject to the embodiment of example in specification.

Claims (10)

1. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, comprise booth sunny side basis (1), back basis (2), it is characterized in that: be provided with ceiling frame (3) on sunny side basis (1) and back basis (2), at least two closed slides are set on ceiling frame (3) sunny side, be respectively a guide rail (4) and No. two guide rails (5), slide on a guide rail (4) and No. two (5) guide rails a photovoltaic bracket (6) is set, photovoltaic electrification component is arranged on a photovoltaic cell support (6), it is upper along sliding at a track (4) and No. two tracks (5) that a photovoltaic bracket (6) can drive photovoltaic electrification component.
2. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: ceiling frame (3) sunny side is provided with parallel with No. two guide rails (5) with a guide rail (4) but in one plane No. three guide rails (7) and No. four guide rails (8) not, No. three guide rails (7) and No. four guide rails (8) are in a plane, on No. three guide rails (7) and No. four guide rails (8), No. two photovoltaic brackets (9) are set, are provided with photovoltaic electrification component on No. two photovoltaic brackets (9).
3. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 2 is characterized in that: adopt the flexible sealing that connects between described No. two photovoltaic brackets (9) and a photovoltaic bracket (6).
4. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with light transmission film (12) on ceiling frame (3).
5. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described light transmission film (12) can be crispaturaed and is arranged on ceiling frame (3).
6. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described ceiling frame (3) top is provided with spray equipment (10).
7. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse is provided with lightning arrester (11).
8. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described photovoltaic electrification component is crystal silicon solar battery.
9. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described photovoltaic electrification component is amorphous silicon film solar battery.
10. capable of adjusting bright formula photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described photovoltaic electrification component adopts PVB to encapsulate.
CN2012205790351U 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with adjustable light quantity Withdrawn - After Issue CN202998944U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205790351U CN202998944U (en) 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with adjustable light quantity

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205790351U CN202998944U (en) 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with adjustable light quantity

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202998944U true CN202998944U (en) 2013-06-19

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102884962A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-01-23 河南豫新太阳能应用工程有限公司 Light adjustable type photovoltaic agricultural shed
CN104170685A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-12-03 苏州爱康低碳技术研究院有限公司 Energy-saving photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with dimming function
CN107223496A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-10-03 凤冈县黔北新能源有限责任公司 A kind of skidding type solar energy agricultural greenhouse top plate
CN109997576A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-07-12 中合智腾建设有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic devices used for agricultural greenhouse

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102884962A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-01-23 河南豫新太阳能应用工程有限公司 Light adjustable type photovoltaic agricultural shed
CN102884962B (en) * 2012-11-06 2014-04-09 河南豫新太阳能应用工程有限公司 Light adjustable type photovoltaic agricultural shed
CN104170685A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-12-03 苏州爱康低碳技术研究院有限公司 Energy-saving photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with dimming function
CN104170685B (en) * 2014-08-18 2016-03-09 苏州爱康低碳技术研究院有限公司 There is the energy-saving photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse of dimming function
CN107223496A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-10-03 凤冈县黔北新能源有限责任公司 A kind of skidding type solar energy agricultural greenhouse top plate
CN107223496B (en) * 2017-07-28 2020-02-14 凤冈县黔北新能源有限责任公司 Roller-skating type solar agricultural greenhouse top plate
CN109997576A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-07-12 中合智腾建设有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic devices used for agricultural greenhouse

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130619

Effective date of abandoning: 20140409

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant