CN202998845U - Full-automatic ginger harvester - Google Patents

Full-automatic ginger harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202998845U
CN202998845U CN 201320037459 CN201320037459U CN202998845U CN 202998845 U CN202998845 U CN 202998845U CN 201320037459 CN201320037459 CN 201320037459 CN 201320037459 U CN201320037459 U CN 201320037459U CN 202998845 U CN202998845 U CN 202998845U
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China
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frame
full
wheel
ginger
steering
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320037459
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Chinese (zh)
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王旭剑
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a full-automatic ginger harvester which comprises a rack, a power mechanism, a drive mechanism, a steering mechanism, a walking mechanism and a harvest operating mechanism, wherein the power mechanism, the drive mechanism, the steering mechanism, the walking mechanism and the harvest operating mechanism are arranged on the rack. The full-automatic ginger harvester is characterized in that the harvest operating mechanism comprises a vibrating frame, a vibrating shovel, a conveying groove, a clamping conveying device, a stem cutter and a ginger-dropping groove; the vibrating frame is arranged below the rack, the front end of the vibrating frame is connected with the rack through a vibrating device and the back end of the vibrating frame is hinged to the rack; the vibrating shovel, the conveying groove, the clamping conveying device and the stem cutter are arranged below the vibrating frame and connected on the vibrating frame from front to back in sequence; the back end of the conveying groove is inclined upwards, and the front end of the conveying groove is connected with the vibrating shovel in a hinged mode; and the ginger-dropping groove is arranged behind the stem cutter and fixed at the back end of the rack. The full-automatic ginger harvester is reasonable and practical in structure and design, novel and ingenious in concept, capable of reducing labor intensity, capable of improving production efficiency, capable of reducing the broken rates of ginger stem blocks and guarantees the intactness of the ginger stem blocks.

Description

A kind of full-automatic ginger harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical field, specifically, relates to the high full-automatic ginger harvester of a kind of production efficiency.
Background technology
Ginger is widely used because having higher medical value and edibility, and existing hundreds of kind pharmaceutical formulation comprises ginger and produces material at present, is also a kind of indispensable condiment in edible.
At present, harmless for ginger stem piece is remained intact when ginger is gathered in the crops, generally adopt the manual work mode, at first with spade or iron fork, ginger is dug from the ground, then manually remove the earth on ginger stem piece, and cut away the ginger cane with scissors.This operating type labour intensity is large, and production efficiency is low, and the percentage of damage of ginger stem piece is high.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to overcome defects, provide a kind of reduce labour intensity, production efficiency high, can keep the intact full-automatic ginger harvester of ginger stem piece.
For addressing the above problem, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
A kind of full-automatic ginger harvester, comprise frame and be located at actuating unit on frame, transmission mechanism, steering mechanism, running gear and harvest operation mechanism, described harvest operation mechanism involving vibrations frame, vibrospade, conveying trough, clamping conveyer, chipping device and the ginger groove that falls; Vibrating grid is located at the below of frame, and its front end is connected on frame by vibrating device, and the rear end is hinged on frame; Vibrospade, conveying trough, clamping conveyer and chipping device are located at below vibrating grid, and are connected in turn from front to back on vibrating grid; The conveying trough rear end is inclined upwardly, and front end and vibrospade are hinged; The ginger groove that falls is located at the rear of chipping device, and is fixed on the rear end of frame.
As improvement of the technical scheme:
Described vibrating device comprises eccentric wheel and connector, and the upper end of connector is arranged on eccentric wheel by bearing, and the lower end is connected with vibrating grid; Eccentric wheel is arranged on frame, and in its wheel shaft and transmission mechanism, the power take-off of reductor is in transmission connection.
Described steering mechanism comprises handgrip, steering drive axle, turns to driving wheel, driving chain, turn to driven pulley, turn to driven shaft, steering linkage and steering arm; Steering drive axle is arranged on the rear end of frame by bearing, its upper end is fixedly connected with handgrip, and the lower end fixed installation turns to driving wheel; Turn to driven pulley to be fixedly mounted on and turn on driven shaft, and by driving chain with turn to driving wheel to be in transmission connection; Turn to driven shaft to be arranged on the front end of frame by bearing, its lower end is connected with steering linkage; Steering linkage is connected with steering arm on being arranged on front-wheel.
Described clamping conveyer comprises two the first clamping bands that match and the second clamping band, and they are horizontally disposed with, and is enclosed within respectively on each self-corresponding driving wheel and driven pulley.Described the first clamping band and the second clamping band are hollow rubber strip, are provided with to the valve of its inner chamber inflation.
Described chipping device comprises the first blade and second blade of the circle that can at the uniform velocity rotate in opposite directions under the drive of motor, they are horizontally disposed with, and part is staggered.Wherein the below of the first blade is provided with driving gear, and driving gear is fixed on driving shaft, and the below of the second blade is provided with driven gear, and driven gear is fixed on driven shaft; The power take-off of driving shaft and motor is in transmission connection, driving gear and driven gear engagement.
The bottom of described frame is provided with hydraulicefficiency elevation structure, and vibration frame is hinged and connected to the end of the expansion link of hydraulicefficiency elevation structure.
Described running gear comprises that wheelspan can synchronously be adjusted and controlled by steering mechanism and realize the front-wheel that turns to, and wheelspan can synchronously be adjusted and the trailing wheel that driven by gearbox in transmission mechanism, and front-wheel and trailing wheel are impeller.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, owing to having adopted technique scheme, the utility model is provided with actuating unit, transmission mechanism, steering mechanism, running gear and harvest operation mechanism, Each performs its own functions for each several part, synergy, reasonable in design is practical, and is novel ingenious, can alleviate labour intensity, enhance productivity, reduced the percentage of damage of ginger stem piece, keep the excellent of ginger stem piece.
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of steering mechanism described in embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of clamping conveyer described in embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of chipping device described in embodiment of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
A kind of full-automatic ginger harvester as shown in Figure 1, comprises frame 21 and is located at actuating unit on frame 21, transmission mechanism, steering mechanism, running gear and harvest operation mechanism.Described actuating unit is the engine 7 that is fixedly mounted on frame 21.Described transmission mechanism comprises decelerator 8 and the gearbox 4 that minute is listed in engine 7 forward and backward both sides.
Described harvest operation mechanism involving vibrations frame 15, vibrospade 14, conveying trough 16, clamping conveyer 17, chipping device 18 and the ginger groove 20 that falls.Vibrating grid 15 is located at the below of frame 21, and its front end is connected on frame by vibrating device, and the rear end is hinged on frame 21 by connector 5.Described vibrating device comprises eccentric wheel 11 and connector 12, and the upper end of connector 12 is arranged on eccentric wheel 11 by bearing 9, and the lower end is connected with vibrating grid 15; Eccentric wheel 11 is arranged on frame 21, and in its wheel shaft 10 and transmission mechanism, the power take-off of reductor 8 is in transmission connection.During work, eccentric wheel 11 can at the uniform velocity rotate under the drive of reductor 8, and connector 12 is made front-rear reciprocation movement under the drive of eccentric wheel 11, and then drives vibrating grid 15 porpoises.
Vibrospade 14, conveying trough 16, clamping conveyer 17 and chipping device 18 are located at vibrating grid 15 belows, and are connected in turn from front to back on vibrating grid 15; Conveying trough 16 rear ends are inclined upwardly, and front end and vibrospade 14 are hinged.During work, vibrating grid 15 can drive vibrospade 14, conveying trough 16, clamping conveyer 17 and 18 porpoises of chipping device.Vibrospade 14 porpoises can reduce to shovel the resistance when digging operation, and conveying trough 16, clamping conveyer 17 and 18 porpoises of chipping device can shake the earth on ginger or soil block fall.The ginger groove 20 that falls is located at the rear of chipping device 18, and is fixed on the rear end of frame 21, and the effect of the ginger groove 20 that falls is that the ginger of results is taken in to container.
As shown in Figure 2, described steering mechanism comprises handgrip 1, steering drive axle 2, turns to driving wheel 26, driving chain 3, turns to driven pulley 25, turns to driven shaft 22, steering linkage 23 and steering arm.Steering drive axle 2 is arranged on the rear end of frame 21 by bearing, its upper end is fixedly connected with handgrip 1, and the lower end fixed installation turns to driving wheel 26.Turn to driven pulley 25 to be fixedly mounted on and turn on driven shaft 22, and by driving chain 3 with turn to driving wheel 26 to be in transmission connection.Turn to driven shaft 22 to be arranged on the front end of frame 21 by bearing, its lower end is connected with steering linkage 23, and steering linkage 23 is connected with steering arm on being arranged on front-wheel 13.During work, by rotating handgrip 1, drive by steering drive axle 2 and turn to driving wheel 26, then by driving chain 3, turn to driven pulley 25 to drive to turn to driven shaft 22, turn to driven shaft 22 to control front-wheel 13 and complete and turn to by driving steering linkage 23 and steering arm.
As shown in Figure 3, described clamping conveyer comprises two the first clamping bands 29 that match and the second clamping band 34, their structure proximate is in bicycle tube, that is: the first clamping band 29 and the second clamping band 34 are hollow rubber strip, and is provided with to the valve of its inner chamber inflation.The first clamping band 29 and the second clamping band 34 are horizontally disposed with, and wherein, the first clamping band 29 is enclosed within on the first driving wheel 30 and the first driven pulley 27, and by these two tensioner.The first driving wheel 30, the first driven pulley 27 are arranged on the first fixed axis 31 and the second fixed axis 28 by bearing respectively, and the upper end of the first fixed axis 31 and the second fixed axis 28 is fixed on vibrating grid 15.Equally, the second clamping band 34 is enclosed within on the second driving wheel 33 and the second driven pulley 36, and by these two tensioner, the second driving wheel 33 and the second driven pulley 36 are arranged on the 3rd fixed axis 32 and the 4th fixed axis 35 by bearing respectively, and the upper end of the 3rd fixed axis 32 and the 4th fixed axis 35 is fixed on vibrating grid 15.During work, the first driving wheel 30 is accepted power from decelerator 8, drives the first clamping band 29 uniform rotation.After the first clamping band 29 and the second clamping band 34 inner chamber gassies, both be close together, when the first clamping band 29 is rotated, can drive the second clamping band 34 and rotate in the opposite direction.Like this, dug out by vibrospade 14, and the cane of the ginger that sends through conveying trough 16 will clamp by the first clamping band 29 and the second clamping band 34, and transmit rearward.
As shown in Figure 4, described chipping device 18 comprises the first blade 37 and second blade 44 of horizontally disposed circle, and they are partly staggered.The below of described the first blade 37 is provided with driving gear 38, and driving gear 38 is fixed on driving shaft 39, and the below of the second blade 44 is provided with driven gear 42, and driven gear 42 is fixed on driven shaft 43, driving gear 38 and driven gear 42 engagements.Driving shaft 39 is in transmission connection with the power take-off of motor 41, after driving shaft 39 is accepted power, when driving the first blade 37 rotations, by driving gear 38, driven gear 42 with transmission of power to driven shaft 43, driven shaft 43 band knife sections 44 reverse rotations.Like this, when clamping conveyer 17 will be sent to chipping device 18 with the ginger of cane, chipping device 18 excised cane from the ginger piece, and the ginger piece drops in ginger groove 20, and finally takes in to container through the ginger groove 20 that falls.
As shown in Figure 1, the bottom of described frame 21 is provided with hydraulicefficiency elevation structure 6, and vibrating grid 15 is hinged and connected to the end of the expansion link of hydraulicefficiency elevation structure 6.Like this, under off working state, harvest operation mechanism can rise under the castering action of hydraulicefficiency elevation structure 6, can not hinder walking.
In order to adapt to the plot of different spacings, described running gear comprises that wheelspan can synchronously be adjusted and controls by steering mechanism the front-wheel 13 that realization turns to, and wheelspan can synchronously be adjusted and the trailing wheel 19 that driven by gearbox in transmission mechanism 4, and front-wheel 13 and trailing wheel 19 are impeller.For realizing the synchronous adjustable purpose of wheelspan, as shown in Figure 2, propons 24 is tube-in-tube structure, and same, back axle is also tube-in-tube structure.Certainly, propons and back axle also can adopt other versions, as long as can realize the synchronous adjustable purpose of wheelspan.

Claims (9)

1. full-automatic ginger harvester, comprise frame (21) and be located at actuating unit on frame (21), transmission mechanism, steering mechanism, running gear and harvest operation mechanism, it is characterized in that: described harvest operation mechanism's involving vibrations frame (15), vibrospade (14), conveying trough (16), clamping conveyer (17), chipping device (18) and the ginger groove (20) that falls; Vibrating grid (15) is located at the below of frame (21), and its front end is connected on frame by vibrating device, and the rear end is hinged on frame (21); Vibrospade (14), conveying trough (16), clamping conveyer (17) and chipping device (18) are located at below vibrating grid (15), and are connected in turn from front to back on vibrating grid (15); Conveying trough (16) rear end is inclined upwardly, and front end and vibrospade (14) are hinged; The ginger groove (20) that falls is located at the rear of chipping device (18), and is fixed on the rear end of frame (21).
2. full-automatic ginger harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vibrating device comprises eccentric wheel (11) and connector (12), the upper end of connector (12) is arranged on eccentric wheel (11) by bearing (9), and the lower end is connected with vibrating grid (15); Eccentric wheel (11) is arranged on frame (21), and in its wheel shaft (10) and transmission mechanism, the power take-off of reductor (8) is in transmission connection.
3. full-automatic ginger harvester according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described steering mechanism comprises handgrip (1), steering drive axle (2), turns to driving wheel (26), driving chain (3), turn to driven pulley (25), turn to driven shaft (22), steering linkage (23) and steering arm; Steering drive axle (2) is arranged on the rear end of frame (21) by bearing, its upper end is fixedly connected with handgrip (1), and the lower end fixed installation turns to driving wheel (26); Turn to driven pulley (25) to be fixedly mounted on and turn on driven shaft (22), and by driving chain (3) with turn to driving wheel (26) to be in transmission connection; Turn to driven shaft (22) to be arranged on the front end of frame (21) by bearing, its lower end is connected with steering linkage (23); Steering linkage (23) is connected with steering arm on being arranged on front-wheel (13).
4. full-automatic ginger harvester according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described clamping conveyer comprises two the first clamping bands (29) that match and the second clamping band (34), they are horizontally disposed with, and are enclosed within respectively on each self-corresponding driving wheel and driven pulley.
5. full-automatic ginger harvester according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described the first clamping band (29) and the second clamping band (34) are hollow rubber strip, are provided with to the valve of its inner chamber inflation.
6. full-automatic ginger harvester according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described chipping device (18) comprises the first blade (37) and second blade (44) of the circle that can at the uniform velocity rotate in opposite directions under the drive of motor (41), they are horizontally disposed with, and part is staggered.
7. full-automatic ginger harvester according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the below of described the first blade (37) is provided with driving gear (38), driving gear (38) is fixed on driving shaft (39), the below of the second blade (44) is provided with driven gear (42), and driven gear (42) is fixed on driven shaft (43); Driving shaft (39) is in transmission connection with the power take-off of motor (41), driving gear (38) and driven gear (42) engagement.
8. full-automatic ginger harvester according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described frame (21) is provided with hydraulicefficiency elevation structure (6), and bobbing machine (15) is hinged and connected to the end of the expansion link of hydraulicefficiency elevation structure (6).
9. according to claim 1 or 8 described full-automatic ginger harvesters, it is characterized in that: described running gear comprises that wheelspan can synchronously be adjusted and controls by steering mechanism the front-wheel (13) that realization turns to, and wheelspan can synchronously be adjusted and the trailing wheel (19) that driven by gearbox in transmission mechanism (4), and front-wheel (13) and trailing wheel (19) are impeller.
CN 201320037459 2013-01-13 2013-01-13 Full-automatic ginger harvester Expired - Fee Related CN202998845U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320037459 CN202998845U (en) 2013-01-13 2013-01-13 Full-automatic ginger harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320037459 CN202998845U (en) 2013-01-13 2013-01-13 Full-automatic ginger harvester

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CN202998845U true CN202998845U (en) 2013-06-19

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CN 201320037459 Expired - Fee Related CN202998845U (en) 2013-01-13 2013-01-13 Full-automatic ginger harvester

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CN (1) CN202998845U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103563539A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-12 山东理工大学 Garlic harvester with root and stem cutting function
CN103597949A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-26 山东理工大学 Digging, soil-beating and picking harvester for ginger
CN105144966A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-16 四川省农业机械研究设计院 Radix ophiopogonis harvesting machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103563539A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-12 山东理工大学 Garlic harvester with root and stem cutting function
CN103597949A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-26 山东理工大学 Digging, soil-beating and picking harvester for ginger
CN103563539B (en) * 2013-11-13 2016-02-17 山东理工大学 A kind of garlic Qie Genqie stem reaping machine
CN105144966A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-16 四川省农业机械研究设计院 Radix ophiopogonis harvesting machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130619

Termination date: 20140113