Building waste waste wood water concentrator
The utility model belongs to the building waste comprehensive treatment equipment, is specifically related to a kind of wet concentration mechanical device of removing the waste wood head from building waste, belongs to International Classification of Patents B03B, the B03c technical field.
As everyone knows, building waste is available regenerated resources.Building waste is comprised of soil, sand, chad, brick and tile and broken concrete more than 80～95%, and these materials are key components of regeneration.Reclaimed sand and regeneration aggregate can be produced the construction material of various coagulation great soil groups, such as ready-mixed concrete, dry-mixed mortar, concrete component, various wall body brick, pavior brick etc.But architectural engineering is a fundamental task crucial for generations to come, and the quality requirement to regeneration aggregate is very high in the industry.Mixing many battens, woodbox, stopper, the residual branch of plant etc. in the building waste, also can produce large numbers of wood chips when building waste is removed and be broken, these wooden class impurity can seriously influence the product quality of renewable building material, it must be rejected.How wooden class impurity being rejected from building waste for a long time is a very difficult thing.
Adopt at present both at home and abroad maximum methods to be: before building demolition, wood materials to be removed in advance and focus on, after building waste arrives treatment plant, process by manually picking up.Because manual demolition and to pick up efficient low, and leak and choose the rate height, this is a kind of very halfway solution.This method can not solve woodbox pre-buried in body of wall and the concrete component, beats on the wall stopper and batten during finishing.In addition, the way that adopts wind is also arranged.But the wooden class impurity in the building waste, the coefficient of dispersion of its size is very large, and the size of wind-force is difficult to grasp.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, and a kind of building waste waste wood water concentrator that utilizes buoyancy of water principle, the wood that will be mingled in various sizes in the building waste, wood chip to separate is provided.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions.
A kind of building waste waste wood water concentrator, main body is a tank, has water inlet pipe, fluid level control valve, tank bottom that sewage pipe etc. is arranged in the tank; U-shaped chute, speed-governing belt conveyer and nonmetal chain Slag Scraping Device are installed in the tank; Tank is equipped with netted manipulator outward.Described nonmetal chain Slag Scraping Device is comprised of the directive wheel of drive sprocket, drive sprocket, the driving-chain with this two sprocket wheels interlock, nonmetal chain scum board, bottom of gullet and support.In the tank, with the speed-governing belt conveyer at a distance of the 80cm-100cm place, be welded with fender plate.
Described speed-governing belt conveyer, its angle of inclination with respect to the water surface are 15～30 degree.
Described U-shaped chute, be designed to import large, go out young shape, U-shaped opening towards fender plate.
Described netted manipulator, its mesh size are 4mm.
The utility model has utilized wooden and brick and tile, the different character of concrete proportion, and employing buoyancy of water principle is separated wood, the wood chip that is mingled in various sizes in the building waste.The utility model is applicable to the total system of building waste.It is simple in structure, can effectively the waste wood head in the building waste be sorted out, and its efficiency of separation is high, leaks to select rate almost nil.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is structural representation of the present utility model.
Among the figure: 1. water inlet pipe, 2. fluid level control valve, 3.U shape chute, 4. netted manipulator, 5. fender plate, 6. speed-governing belt conveyer, 7. drive sprocket, 8. driving-chain, 9. drive sprocket, 10. nonmetal chain scum board, 11. sewage pipe, 12. directive wheels, 13. tanks, 14. supports.
The specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, building waste waste wood water concentrator, main body is that tank 13, the tank 13 of a concrete for making installed water inlet pipe 1, fluid level control valve 2, sewage pipe 11; And U-shaped chute 3, speed-governing belt conveyer 6 and nonmetal chain Slag Scraping Device are installed in the tank 13; Netted manipulator 4 is installed outside the tank 13; The mesh size of netted manipulator 4 is 4mm.Nonmetal chain Slag Scraping Device is comprised of the directive wheel 12 of drive sprocket 7, drive sprocket 9, the driving-chain 8 with this two sprocket wheels interlock, nonmetal chain scum board 10, bottom of gullet and support 14 etc.In the tank, with speed-governing belt conveyer 6 at a distance of the 80cm-100cm place, be welded with fender plate 5.Speed-governing belt conveyer 6 is 15～30 degree with respect to the angle of inclination of the water surface.The shape of U-shaped chute 3 is large for import, go out young, U-shaped opening towards fender plate 5.U-shaped chute 3, speed-governing belt conveyer 6, nonmetal chain Slag Scraping Device specifically are installed in concrete water tank 13 from top to bottom.
Process is broken, also sieve removes the building waste of 0-5mm fines, is admitted to U-shaped chute 3, and the waste wood head and other the light thing that are mingled in the building waste emerge, and is blocked by fender plate 5, and the netted manipulator that is placed on by diving in the water is regularly pulled out for 4 intermittences.The building waste aggregate is fallen on the speed-governing belt conveyer 6, sends tank 13 with speed-governing belt conveyer 6; Sink to the dregs of tank 13 bottoms and constantly scraped effluent trough by the nonmetal chain scum board 10 of continuous running.By water inlet pipe 1, replenish clear water by fluid level control valve 2; Sewage pipe 11 is connected with slush pump, and sewage is sent to sump.
During work, tank 13 water filling degree of depth 3-4 rice through broken building waste (broken particle diameter is 5-180mm), import in the tank 13 along U-shaped chute 3.The import of U-shaped chute 3 is large, it is young to go out, and the U-shaped opening of U-shaped chute 3 is towards the fender plate 5 of adjustable-depth.Under the buoyancy of water effect, the waste wood head of various sizes, wood chip all can be floated to the water surface automatically, place row's water inlet pipe 1 of underwater 3cm to inject water under high pressure when fluid level control valve 2 is opened, and current rush at floating wood the direction of fender plate 5.Potential undersurface netted manipulator 4 is periodically pulled waste wood head, wood chip out in the intermittently used mode.The mesh size of netted manipulator 4 is 4mm.
Brick and tile, concrete are under action of gravitation, and falling the inclination angle is on the speed-governing belt conveyer 6 of 15～30 degree, and speed control is to take building waste out of and be not with water outlet to be advisable with 6 of speed-governing belt conveyers.
Through for a long time work, always have the bottom that some dregs sink to tank 13, constantly scraped effluent trough 13 by the nonmetal chain scum board 10 of continuous running.
When the water in the tank 13 is relatively more muddy, by sewage pipe 11, sewage is sent to sump with slush pump.Fluid level control valve 2 can carry out automatic water supplement according to the variation of liquid level.
During implementation, adopt following steps:
1) on the ground or underground perfusion reinforced concrete water tank 13, and stayed embedded iron and pore; The nonmetal chain Slag Scraping Device that then will assemble first is installed in the bottom of tank 13, unloaded debug successfully after, speed regulating belt feeder 6 be installed again and debugged.Subsequently, U-shaped chute 3, netted manipulator 4, fender plate 5, water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe and fluid level control valve 2 are installed; After connecting power and pipeline, be filled to the water level of regulation in the tank 13, debugged fluid level control valve 2.
2) building waste is poured into U-shaped chute 3, and adjusted the speed of the speed-governing belt conveyer 6 in the tank 13, take building waste out of and be not with water outlet to be advisable with 6 of speed-governing belt conveyers.
3) when floating on water waste wood head is more, set the degree of depth of fender plate 5, and the debugging intake pressure, slowly shift to fender plate 5 with floating waste wood head and be advisable.Then after the clean waste wood head of manual cleanup, netted manipulator 4 is pulled the plug, and debug the operating frequency of netted manipulator 4.
4) speed of the nonmetal chain Slag Scraping Device of adjusting is not advisable with the water of effluent trough with not disturbance.