CN202885283U - 太阳能热水器 - Google Patents

太阳能热水器 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202885283U
CN202885283U CN2012205887573U CN201220588757U CN202885283U CN 202885283 U CN202885283 U CN 202885283U CN 2012205887573 U CN2012205887573 U CN 2012205887573U CN 201220588757 U CN201220588757 U CN 201220588757U CN 202885283 U CN202885283 U CN 202885283U
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solar
water heater
water
energy
heat
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杨建云
陈成
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RUSHAN DAGUANG NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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SHANDONG DAGUANG NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

本实用新型提供了一种设置了水暖供热系统的太阳能热水器,包括有光热转换系统,光电转换系统,地暖系统,控制系统等。由于添加了地暖系统,将损耗掉的热用于房屋供暖,即节约了供暖的能耗,由充分利用了集热器的效能;所添加的光电转换系统,为整个热水器独立供能,既可以驱动地暖循环泵,又能够在夜间或水温不够时为电热管供电,快速将水加热,不仅节能环保,还降低了传统能源的消耗,特别适合大面积使用。

Description

太阳能热水器
技术领域
[0001] 本实用新型提供了一种供热水、供暖系统,具体涉及一种太阳能热水器。
背景技术
[0002] 太阳能(Solar Energy),—般是指太阳光的福射能量,太阳能是一种可再生能源,太阳能利用的基本方式可分为光一热利用、光一电利用、光一化学利用、光一生物利用四类。在四类太阳能利用方式中,光一热转换的技术最成熟,产品也最多,成本相对较低。在光热转换中,当前应用范围最广、技术最成熟、经济性最好的是太阳能热水器的应用。公知的太阳能热水器的基本工作原理为:将水直接加入具有保温层的储水罐中,通过集热器进行光一热转换将水加热。传统的太阳能热水器由于储水罐有限,当储水罐中的水全部加热之后如不使用会造成集热器的无效工作,浪费了集热器很大一部分的效能。因此,急需改进一种太阳能热水器能对这一部分效能进行充分的利用。
实用新型内容
[0003] 本实用新型的目的在于,克服现有技术的不足之处,提供一种设置了水暖供热系统的太阳能热水器,在热水达到一定温度时,可为房屋地暖提供热水,不仅完全利用了热水器集热器的效能,同时也节约了传统供暖系统的能耗。
[0004] 为了实现上述目的,本实用新型所采用的技术方案是:一种太阳能热水器,包括有光热转换系统,光电转换系统,地暖系统,控制系统,光热转换系统,包括有集热器、保温水箱、支架、连接管道;地暖系统,包括有循环泵、地暖管道、暖气片;光电转换系统,包括有太阳能电池板、充电控制器、蓄电池;控制系统,包括有一个控制器,其特征是:太阳能电池板通过充电控制器连接蓄电池,蓄电池以并联方式与控制器,电热管,循环泵连接,形成一个独立的供电系统。保温水箱内设置有一根电热管。保温水箱一侧通过水管连接着循环泵,循环泵连接着地暖管道,地暖管道上附着有暖气片。本实用新型所述的太阳能热水器,包括有光热转换系统,光电转换系统,地暖系统,控制系统。所述的光热转换系统,由集热器、保温水箱、支架、连接管道等组成,集热器把太阳光能转化为热能,将保温水箱中的水从低温度加热到高温度;所述的保温水箱中设置有一根电热管,在需要时可以以电加热的形式加热水箱中的水;所述的地暖系统,由循环泵、地暖管道、暖气片等组成,循环泵驱动着加热了的水在保温水箱与地暖管道之间循环,通过暖气片换热,从而使室内温度不断提高。所述的光电转换系统,由太阳能电池板、充电控制器、蓄电池等组成,太阳能电池板将太阳能转化为电能,通过充电控制器储存于蓄电池中,蓄电池连接着保温水箱的电热管,地暖循环泵与控制系统,为他们独立供能。所述的控制系统,主要包括一个控制器,控制着整个太阳能热水器的运行,设置有上水,电加热,供暖等控制功能。特别的,为了保证热水的温度,控制器设置了自动保护水温的选项。即当保温水温达到设定温度时,自动启动地暖循环泵,使高温水通过地暖盘管在室内循环。当保温水箱水温低于某一设定值时,自动停止地暖管道循环泵,以保证保温水箱中水的温度。[0005] 本实用新型的有益效果是:由于添加了地暖系统,将损耗掉的热用于房屋供暖,即节约了供暖的能耗,也充分利用了集热器的效能;所添加的光电转换系统,为整个热水器独立供能,既可以驱动地暖循环泵,又能够在夜间或水温不够时为电热管供电,快速将水加热,不仅节能环保,还降低了传统能源的消耗,特别适合大面积使用。
附图说明
[0006] 附图1是本实用新型所述太阳能热水器的原理性结构示意图。
具体实施方式
[0007] 现参照附图1,结合实施例说明如下:太阳能电池板将光能转换为电能,通过充电控制器,储存至蓄电池中,蓄电池以并联方式与控制器,电热管,循环泵连接,形成一个独立的供电系统。保温水箱与集热器利用支架倾斜摆放在用户屋顶的向阳面,集热器将将光热转换的热量加热保温水箱中的水,保温水箱连接保温水管,将热水输送至用户的热水管道,供用户使用。保温水箱内部装有电热管,这样,即便在夜间或水温不够时可以利用电热管加热保温水箱中的水,快速将水加热,非常方便,也保证了 24小时的热水供应。保温水箱一侧通过水管连接着循环泵,当热水温度达到某一温度后,即可开启控制器中的供暖功能,驱动循环泵将热水在保温水箱与地暖管道中循环,地暖管道上附着有暖气片,通过暖气片换热,从而使室内温度不断提高,当保温水箱水温低于某一设定值时,自动停止循环泵,以保证保温水箱中水的温度。为地暖供热不仅大大提高了集热器的使用效率,也使得房屋的供暖需要的消耗无需使用传统能源,方便环保。

Claims (3)

1. 一种太阳能热水器,包括有光热转换系统,光电转换系统,地暖系统,控制系统,光热转换系统,包括有集热器、保温水箱、支架、连接管道;地暖系统,包括有循环泵、地暖管道、 暖气片;光电转换系统,包括有太阳能电池板、充电控制器、蓄电池;控制系统,包括有一个控制器,其特征是:太阳能电池板通过充电控制器连接蓄电池,蓄电池以并联方式与控制器,电热管,循环泵连接,形成一个独立的供电系统。
2.根据权利要求1中所述的一种太阳能热水器,其特征是:保温水箱内设置有一根电热管。
3.根据权利要求1中所述的一种太阳能热水器,其特征是:保温水箱一侧通过水管连接着循环泵,循环泵连接着地暖管道,地暖管道上附着有暖气片。
CN2012205887573U 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 太阳能热水器 Expired - Fee Related CN202885283U (zh)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104764081A (zh) * 2015-03-18 2015-07-08 楚雄师范学院 太阳能热电联供地暖系统
CN108696248A (zh) * 2017-02-23 2018-10-23 华北电力大学 一种微热管与铜管集热器相结合的聚光光伏光热稳定热电联供系统
CN110485896A (zh) * 2019-08-26 2019-11-22 吉林省中坤建筑有限公司 一种太阳能蓄热外置保温窗

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104764081A (zh) * 2015-03-18 2015-07-08 楚雄师范学院 太阳能热电联供地暖系统
CN104764081B (zh) * 2015-03-18 2017-09-12 楚雄师范学院 太阳能热电联供地暖系统
CN108696248A (zh) * 2017-02-23 2018-10-23 华北电力大学 一种微热管与铜管集热器相结合的聚光光伏光热稳定热电联供系统
CN110485896A (zh) * 2019-08-26 2019-11-22 吉林省中坤建筑有限公司 一种太阳能蓄热外置保温窗

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