CN202882909U - Impact translation-type tunnelling machine - Google Patents

Impact translation-type tunnelling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202882909U
CN202882909U CN 201220224796 CN201220224796U CN202882909U CN 202882909 U CN202882909 U CN 202882909U CN 201220224796 CN201220224796 CN 201220224796 CN 201220224796 U CN201220224796 U CN 201220224796U CN 202882909 U CN202882909 U CN 202882909U
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moving type
machine according
type development
development machine
impact parallel
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CN 201220224796
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Chinese (zh)
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刘素华
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the field of excavation, and particularly relates to an impact translation-type tunnelling machine. The impact translation-type tunnelling machine disclosed by the utility model comprises a machine body, a cutting part and a travelling part, and is characterized by further comprising a translation mechanism and a drive mechanism, wherein the translation mechanism is arranged on the front part of the machine body; the cutting part is arranged on the translation mechanism; and the drive mechanism is used for driving the translation mechanism to enable the cutting part to transversally translate relative to the machine body. The impact translation-type tunnelling machine is less in maintenance amount, simple and easy to maintain, scientific and reasonable, low in cost, and easy to popularize.

Description

Impact the parallel-moving type development machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the digging field, is specifically related to a kind of impact parallel-moving type development machine.
Background technology
Existing development machine is most digs opportunity for cantilevered, and its cutterhead is installed in the front end of rocking arm or telescopic arm, is provided with oscillating oil cylinder about rocking arm or telescopic arm, and oscillating oil cylinder can be adjusted the up and down height of heading end; Whole cutting units is hinged to be arranged on the rotating disc of fuselage, rotating disc can along its central rotation with adjust cutting units about tunnel the orientation.Forward thrust when tunneling in order to increase it also is provided with the rear support device at the rear portion of equipment.
Boom-type roadheader has satisfied the demand of coal mine excavation basically, and has obtained using widely.Because its operating principle is drilling formula driving, this has just determined that this driving method grinding ratio of reduction is larger, particularly under compressive stress state, grind fragmentation, consume mass energy, reduced driving productivity ratio, the propelling of drill bit is finished by the walking of fuselage, in order to make the quick drilling of drill bit, the thrust of accelerating driving progress fuselage continues to increase, and causes the damage of fuselage greatlyr, and its essential defect is that drill bit only grinds drilling and can not impact driving.Along with the new development of extraction technique, simultaneously, this equipment is to be based upon on the ball seat target space when position is adjusted in mining process; the position adjustment is not directly perceived; need the operating personnel of specialty, exist many inconvenience, and each propelling stroke is crossed to cause frequently and shut down time.Greatly reduce the service efficiency of equipment, be badly in need of improving.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of impact parallel-moving type development machine, it matches with impact type tunnel boring machine, the driving space is improved greatly, and the power when having increased the rigidity of equipment and having increased the pushing away of equipment, make that equipment operation is more reliable, working stability, simple to operate, use flexible, long service life has improved the overall efficiency that mine is produced.
The utility model is realized by the following technical solutions: a kind of impact parallel-moving type development machine, comprise fuselage, cutting units, running part etc., it is characterized in that: also comprise translation mechanism, driving mechanism etc., translation mechanism is arranged on the front portion of fuselage, cutting units is arranged on the translation mechanism, driving mechanism drives translation mechanism, makes cutting units with respect to the fuselage transverse translation.
Described translation mechanism comprises slide unit, translation base and mobile device etc., the translation base is fixed on the fuselage, driving mechanism comprises deceleration device etc., and deceleration device drives mobile device drive slide unit and moves along the translation base, forms slide rail etc. between slide unit and the translation base.
Described translation base can be vertically installed on the fuselage, and the translation base also can be horizontally placed on the fuselage, and the translation base can also be obliquely installed on fuselage.
Described slide rail is semicircle slide rail, can also use square slide rail, triangle slide rail, swallow-tail form slide rail, trapezoidal slide rail, T-shaped slide rail, wheeled slide rail or wedge type slide rail etc.
Described mobile device adopts gear ﹠ rack structure, and gear ﹠ rack structure comprises driven wheel and tooth bar etc., and driven wheel is supported by slide unit by bearing, is connected by key with deceleration device, and tooth bar is fixed on the translation base.The flute profile of driven wheel and tooth bar is straight-tooth or helical teeth etc.
Described mobile device also can adopt pin tooth rail structure, and pin tooth rail structure comprises pin gear and rack rails etc., and pin gear is installed on the slide unit, and rack rails is fixed on the translation base.
Described mobile device also can adopt screw-nut structure, and screw-nut structure comprises leading screw and nut etc.; Leading screw is fixed on the translation base by bearing, is connected with deceleration device, and nut is fixed on the slide unit.
Described mobile device also can adopt crank block, and crank block comprises crank and connecting rod etc.; Crank is connected with deceleration device, and the connecting rod two ends are hinged with crank and slide unit respectively.
Described mobile device also can adopt the chain wheel rope Cable Structure, and the chain wheel rope Cable Structure comprises rolling wheel, rope and reverse wheel etc., and rolling wheel is connected with deceleration device, and rope is driven by rolling wheel, and slide unit is fixedly connected with rope.
Described mobile device also can adopt the band drive mechanism, the band drive mechanism comprises driving-belt, driving wheel and follower, driving wheel is connected with deceleration device, follower by bearings on the translation base, driving-belt connects driving wheel and follower, driving-belt is fixedly connected with slide unit, realizes the reciprocal translation of slide unit.
Described mobile device also can adopt chain drive structure, and chain drive structure comprises driving-chain, driving gear and driven gear; Driving gear is connected with deceleration device, and on the translation base, driving-chain connects driving gear and driven gear to driven gear by bearings, and driving-chain is fixedly connected with slide unit, realizes the reciprocal translation of slide unit.
Described mobile device also can adopt hydraulic cylinder, cylinder or linear electric motors etc.
Adopt circular bearing pin hinged between described cutting units and the translation mechanism.Can adopt also between cutting units and the translation mechanism that the high polymer elastic pin is hinged, square pin connects, the rhombus pin connects, the triangle pin connects or trapezoidal pin connection etc.
Described driving mechanism comprises prime mover, and prime mover adopts hydraulic motor, rotary actuator, air motor or motor etc.
Described slide unit comprises at least one pin-and-hole etc., and cutting units connects by pin-and-hole with slide unit.
Described slide unit and/or translation base are provided with dust excluder etc.
Described translation base comprises at least one slide rail etc., and slide rail is fixed on the support member, and support member is fixed on the fuselage.
Described deceleration device comprises mechanical reduction gear, band transmission decelerating device, chain reduction device, cycloid reduction device, variable-frequency motor, hydraulic reduction gear or planetary reducer etc.
Described fuselage comprises shovel board, transporter, hydraulic system, lubricating system, electrical system or water system etc.
The slide rail face that forms between described slide unit and the translation base is provided with roller etc., and the roller supporting slide unit moves.
Described cutting units comprises lifting gear etc., and lifting gear comprises vertical lift device and cantalever lifting device etc.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: this impact parallel-moving type development machine has following advantage:
(1) the mobile rigidity that adopts translating device greatly to increase cutting units of cutting units without lateral force, has deducted the fixture of side support in the equipment tunneling process, has simplified device structure;
(2) translating device is to be based upon on the X-axis of move left and right, and location positioning is simple, directly perceived, has greatly improved accurate positioning and quick location, has improved the equipment service efficiency;
(3) the pattern curve standard that scans of cutterhead is only cut the tunnel end face.Be conducive to the supporting in tunnel and the whitewashing on surface, tunnel and process, improved the quality of tunnel initating;
(4) adopt multi-pin axle or many slide rails to support heading end, can improve the development machine impact resistance, improve its application life and reliability.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view that impacts the parallel-moving type development machine among the embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the lateral view that impacts the parallel-moving type development machine among the embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that impacts the semicircle guide rail of parallel-moving type development machine among the embodiment 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that impacts parallel-moving type development machine cantalever lifting device among the embodiment 2;
Fig. 5 impacts parallel-moving type development machine translation base to be obliquely installed structural representation on fuselage among the embodiment 3;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that impacts the square slide rail of parallel-moving type development machine among the embodiment 4;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation that impacts the square slide rail bearing pin of parallel-moving type development machine band bearing among the embodiment 4;
Fig. 8 impacts the square slide rail bearing pin of parallel-moving type development machine not with the structural representation of bearing among the embodiment 4;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation that impacts the square slide rail rhombus of parallel-moving type development machine bearing pin among the embodiment 4;
Figure 10 is the structural representation that impacts parallel-moving type development machine triangle slide rail among the embodiment 5;
Figure 11 impacts parallel-moving type development machine translation mechanism by two structural representations that are used in combination among the embodiment 6;
Figure 12 impacts the structural representation that two combinations of parallel-moving type development machine translation mechanism is provided with bearing among the embodiment 6;
Figure 13 is that impact parallel-moving type development machine mobile device is the structural representation of gear ﹠ rack structure among the embodiment 7;
Figure 14 is that impact parallel-moving type development machine mobile device is the structural representation of pin tooth rail structure among the embodiment 8;
Figure 15 is that impact parallel-moving type development machine mobile device is the structural representation of chain wheel rope Cable Structure among the embodiment 9;
Figure 16 is that impact parallel-moving type development machine mobile device is the structural representation of chain drive structure among the embodiment 10;
Figure 17 is that impact parallel-moving type development machine mobile device is the structural representation of hydraulic cylinder structure among the embodiment 11;
Among the figure: 1 fuselage; 2 translation mechanisms; 3 cutting units; 4 running parts; 5 driving mechanisms; 6 deceleration devices; 7 prime mover; 8 translation bases; 9 mobile devices; 10 translation stages; 11 jointed shafts; 12 slide units; 13 excavating impulsion shovels; 14 are fixedly connected with face; 15 semicircle slide rails; 16 pin joint A; 17 anterior faces; 18 pin joint B; 19 bar A; 20 pin joint C; 21 bar B; 22 rears; 23 pin joint D; 24 translating bases; 25 slide rails; 26 bearings; 27 bearing pins; 28 mobile platforms; 29 rhombus bearing pins; 30 triangle slide rails; 31 slide rail I; 32 slide rail II; 33 driven wheels; 34 tooth bars; 35 pin tooth rail structures; 36 pin gears; 37 pin tooths; 38 ropes; 39 rolling wheels; 40 reverse wheels; 41 driving wheels; 42 driving-chains; 43 followers; 44 hydraulic cylinders;
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described further:
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 are embodiment 1 described impact parallel-moving type development machines.This impact parallel-moving type development machine comprises fuselage 1, cutting units 3, running part 4, translation mechanism 2 and driving mechanism 5 etc., translation mechanism 2 is arranged on the front portion of fuselage 1, cutting units 3 is arranged on the translation mechanism 2, cutting units 3 is hinged by jointed shaft 11 with translation mechanism 2, driving mechanism 5 drives translation mechanism 2, makes cutting units 3 with respect to fuselage 1 transverse translation.Running part 4 is arranged on the bottom of fuselage 1, and the front end of cutting units 3 is provided with punching shovel device.In the present embodiment, running part 4 adopts the crawler type walking mechanism of fluid motor-driven.As shown in Figure 2, translation mechanism 2 comprises slide unit 12, translation base 8 and mobile device 9, and translation base 8 is fixed on the fuselage 1 by being fixedly connected with face 14, and translation base 8 can be bolted fuselage 1, also can be the integral type structure.Driving mechanism 5 comprises deceleration device 6, and deceleration device 6 drives mobile device 9 drive slide units 12 and moves along translation base 8, forms slide rail 25 between slide unit 12 and the translation base 8.Slide rail 25 connect have that contact area is large, adequate rigidity, intensity are large, the characteristics of stable performance and easy care.In order to reduce the frictional force between slide unit 12 and the translation base 8, between slide unit 12 and translation base 8, can annotate certain lubrication oil or lubricating grease etc.Translation base 8 is vertically installed on the fuselage 1, and translation base 8 and slide unit 12 vertical settings can make slide unit 12 bear larger moment of torsion and namely can support heavier excavating impulsion shovel 13 and rotating arm.
Its mobile device 9 adopts screw-nut body, and screw-nut body is comprised of parts such as leading screw and nuts; Leading screw is fixed on the translation base 8 also rotatable by bearing 26, its power intake is connected with deceleration device 6 by shaft coupling, and the power of deceleration device 6 is by prime mover 7 inputs; Nut is fixed on the slide unit 12, and drives slide unit 12 reciprocating motions.In order to guarantee the flexibility of transferring power between the screw-nut body, can between leading screw and pair of nut, increase certain lubrication oil or lubricating grease, grease-box also can be set be lubricated.Also can be provided with dust excluder between slide unit 12 and translation base 8, dust excluder is fixed on the slide unit 12, also can be fixed on the translation base 8.
Semicircle slide rail 15 in the present embodiment is for being fixedly connected with face 14, be fixedly connected with face 14 adequate rigidities, guidance quality is good and have and adjust preferably performance, slide rail 25 also can use the modes such as swallow-tail form slide rail, trapezoidal slide rail, T-shaped slide rail, wheeled slide rail or wedge type slide rail, and translation base 8 matching parts that match therewith also are swallow-tail form base, trapezoidal base, T-shaped base, wheeled chassis or wedge type base etc.
Can use circular bearing pin 27 hinged between described cutting units 3 and the translation mechanism 2, can use also between cutting units 3 and the translation mechanism 2 that high polymer elastic is hinged, square pin is connected, the rhombus downlink connection, the triangle pin connects be connected bearing pin 27 forms such as pin connection connects.A pin-and-hole is set between described cutting units 3 and the translation mechanism 2 at least, and cutting units 3 and slide unit 12 are connected by pin-and-hole.
Described driving mechanism 5 comprises prime mover 7, and prime mover 7 adopts hydraulic motor, rotary actuator, air motor or motor etc.Adjust the ground purpose in order to reach speed, also can be provided with reducer on the driving mechanism 5.Reducer comprises gear reduction unit, band gearing speed-reducer, sprocket speed reducer, cycloidal reducer, variable-frequency motor and/or hydraulic retarder etc.
In order to reach the automation control of equipment work, fuselage 1 can also comprise shovel board section, transporter, hydraulic system, rear support section, lubricating system, electrical system or water system etc.Shovel board section is arranged on the front end of fuselage 1, the bottom of cutting units 3; Transporter is arranged on the top of fuselage 1, and operated by rotary motion is at the middle part of fuselage 1, and its front end is connected with shovel board section, and the rear end is connected with postorder transportation system; Hydraulic system can provide power for running part 4 or mobile device 9; Rear support section has increased the thrust of advancing when impacting parallel-moving type development machine driving; Lubricating system is lubricated to each movable position of development machine; Each the position co-ordination of electrical system control appliance; Water system both provided cooling water to cutting motor etc., also can provide water spray, spraying etc. to excavating impulsion shovel 13.
In order further to reduce the frictional resistance between slide unit 12 and the translation base 8, slide rail 25 faces that form between slide unit 12 and the translation base 8 also can be provided with roller, and roller supporting slide unit 12 moves.
Mobile device 9 adopts rack-and-pinion 34 mechanisms.Described rack-and-pinion 34 mechanisms comprise driven wheel 33 and tooth bar 34, and driven wheel 33 is supported by slide unit 12 by bearing 26, is connected by key with the axle of deceleration device 6, and tooth bar 34 is fixed on the translation base 8.The flute profile of driven wheel 33 and tooth bar 34 is straight-tooth or helical teeth.
Described slide unit 12 comprises at least one pin-and-hole, and cutting units 3 passes through the pin-and-hole edge joint with slide unit 12, and a plurality of pin-and-holes are horizontal positioned or vertically place.
Embodiment 2
Fig. 4 is embodiment 2 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: cutting units 3 comprises lifting gear, and lifting gear comprises vertical lift device and cantalever lifting device.The present embodiment adopts cantalever lifting device, translation base 8 is horizontally placed on the fuselage 1, the cantalever lifting device that is connected with translation base 8 adopts the parallelogram cantalever lifting device, the parallelogram cantalever lifting device is comprised of bar A19, bar B21, anterior face 17, rear 22 etc., bar A19 and bar B21 be arranged in parallel, itself and rear 22 are hinged by pin joint C20 and pin joint D23, and be hinged by pin joint A16 and pin joint B18 with anterior face 17; Anterior face 17 also be arranged in parallel with rear 22, and rear 22 is perpendicular with fuselage 1.By the character of parallelogram as can be known, in the process that cantalever lifting device is adjusted up and down, its excavating impulsion shovel 13 is vertical with the institute coal face all the time, reaches to keep best incision coal seam angle.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 3
Fig. 5 is embodiment 3 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: described translation base 8 is obliquely installed on fuselage 1.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 4
Fig. 6 to Fig. 9 is embodiment 4 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: slide rail 25 adopts square slide rail, and corresponding slide unit 12 also is square slide unit 12; Middle part at slide unit 12 is provided with nut, and nut drives slide unit 12 and moves back and forth; Slide unit 12 is hinged with radial up-down mechanism by jointed shaft 11, is provided with bearing 26 between hinged place bearing pin 27 and translating base 24, the resistance when bearing 26 has effectively reduced its rotation.As shown in Figure 8, also bearing 26 can be set on the bearing pin 27; Employed bearing pin 27 also can be rhombus bearing pin 29.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 5
Figure 10 is embodiment 5 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: slide rail 25 adopts triangle slide rail 30, and corresponding slide unit 12 also is triangle slide rail 30;
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 6
Figure 11 and Figure 12 are embodiment 6 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: its translation mechanism 2 is used in combination by two.As shown in figure 11, slide rail I31 and slide rail II32 are setting up and down, and two slide rails 25 are connected.The rear portion of translating base 24 be fixedly connected with face 14 and link to each other, be fixedly connected with face 14 and be fixed on the fuselage 1.
As shown in figure 12, in order to reduce the frictional resistance between slide unit 12 and the translation base 8, contact surface is provided with bearing 26 between slide unit 12 and translation base 8, and bearing 26 plays the guide effect of supporting with to slide unit 12.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 7
Figure 13 is embodiment 7 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: described mobile device 9 adopts gear ﹠ rack structure.Gear ﹠ rack structure comprises driven wheel 33 and tooth bar 34 etc., and driven wheel 33 is supported by slide unit 12 by bearing 26, is connected by key with the output shaft of deceleration device 6, and tooth bar 34 is fixed on the translation base 8.Driven wheel 33 drives slide unit 12 and moves back and forth.
The flute profile of described driven wheel 33 and tooth bar 34 is straight-tooth or helical teeth.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 8
Figure 14 is embodiment 8 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: mobile device 9 adopts pin tooth rail structure 35.Pin tooth rail structure 35 comprises pin gear 36 and rack rails, and pin gear 36 is installed on the slide unit 12, and rack rails is fixed on the translation base 8.Pin gear 36 drives slide unit 12 and moves back and forth along rack rails.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 9
Figure 15 is embodiment 9 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: mobile device 9 adopts pulley rope 38 structures.Pulley rope 38 structures comprise rolling wheel 39, rope 38 and reverse wheel 40, and rolling wheel 39 is connected with deceleration device 6, and rope 38 is driven by rolling wheel 39, and slide unit 12 is fixedly connected with rope 38.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 10
Figure 16 is embodiment 10 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: mobile device 9 adopts chain drive structure.Chain drive structure comprises driving-chain 42, driving gear and driven gear; Driving gear is connected with deceleration device 6, and driven gear is supported on the translation base 8 by bearing 26, and driving-chain 42 connects driving gear and driven gear, and driving-chain 42 is fixedly connected with slide unit 12, realizes the reciprocal translation of slide unit 12.
Described mobile device 9 can also be used crank block.Crank block comprises crank and connecting rod; Crank is connected with deceleration device 6, and the connecting rod two ends are hinged with crank and slide unit 12 respectively.
Described mobile device 9 adopts the band drive mechanism.The band drive mechanism comprises driving-belt, driving wheel 41 and follower 43, driving wheel 41 is connected with deceleration device 6, and follower 43 is supported on the translation base 8 by bearing 26, and driving-belt connects driving wheel 41 and follower 43, driving-belt is fixedly connected with slide unit 12, realizes the reciprocal translation of slide unit 12.
The other the same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 11
Figure 17 is embodiment 11 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, and as different from Example 1: mobile device 9 adopts hydraulic cylinder 44, also can be cylinder.
Described mobile device 9 also can adopt linear electric motors.
The other the same as in Example 1.

Claims (50)

1. one kind is impacted the parallel-moving type development machine, comprise fuselage, cutting units, running part, it is characterized in that: also comprise translation mechanism, driving mechanism, translation mechanism is arranged on the front portion of fuselage, cutting units is arranged on the translation mechanism, driving mechanism drives translation mechanism, makes cutting units with respect to the fuselage transverse translation.
2. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described translation mechanism comprises slide unit, translation base and mobile device, the translation base is fixed on the fuselage, driving mechanism comprises deceleration device, deceleration device drives mobile device drive slide unit and moves along the translation base, forms slide rail between slide unit and the translation base.
3. according to claim 1,2 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, it is characterized in that: described translation mechanism comprises the translation base, the translation base is vertically installed on the fuselage.
4. according to claim 1,2 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, it is characterized in that: described translation mechanism comprises the translation base, the translation base is horizontally placed on the fuselage.
5. according to claim 1,2 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, it is characterized in that: described translation mechanism comprises the translation base, the translation base is obliquely installed on fuselage.
6. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described slide rail is semicircle slide rail.
7. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described slide rail is square slide rail.
8. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described slide rail is the triangle slide rail.
9. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described slide rail is the swallow-tail form slide rail.
10. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described slide rail is trapezoidal slide rail.
11. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described slide rail is T-shaped slide rail.
12. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described slide rail is wheeled slide rail.
13. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described slide rail is the wedge type slide rail.
14. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mobile device adopts gear ﹠ rack structure.
15. according to claim 2,14 described impact parallel-moving type development machines, it is characterized in that: described gear ﹠ rack structure comprises driven wheel and tooth bar, driven wheel is supported by slide unit by bearing, is connected by key with deceleration device, and tooth bar is fixed on the translation base.
16. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 15 is characterized in that: the flute profile of described driven wheel and tooth bar is straight-tooth or helical teeth.
17. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mobile device adopts pin tooth rail structure.
18. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 17 is characterized in that: described pin tooth rail structure comprises pin gear and rack rails, and pin gear is installed on the slide unit, and rack rails is fixed on the translation base.
19. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mobile device adopts screw-nut structure.
20. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 19, it is characterized in that: described screw-nut structure comprises leading screw and nut; Leading screw is fixed on the translation base by bearing, is connected with deceleration device, and nut is fixed on the slide unit.
21. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mobile device adopts crank block.
22. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 21, it is characterized in that: described crank block comprises crank and connecting rod; Crank is connected with deceleration device, and the connecting rod two ends are hinged with crank and slide unit respectively.
23. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mobile device adopts the chain wheel rope Cable Structure.
24. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 23 is characterized in that: described chain wheel rope Cable Structure comprises rolling wheel, rope and reverse wheel, and rolling wheel is connected with deceleration device, and rope is driven by rolling wheel, and slide unit is fixedly connected with rope.
25. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mobile device adopts the band drive mechanism.
26. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 25, it is characterized in that: described band drive mechanism comprises driving-belt, driving wheel and follower, driving wheel is connected with deceleration device, follower by bearings on the translation base, driving-belt connects driving wheel and follower, driving-belt is fixedly connected with slide unit, realizes the reciprocal translation of slide unit.
27. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mobile device adopts chain drive structure.
28. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 27, it is characterized in that: described chain drive structure comprises driving-chain, driving gear and driven gear; Driving gear is connected with deceleration device, and on the translation base, driving-chain connects driving gear and driven gear to driven gear by bearings, and driving-chain is fixedly connected with slide unit, realizes the reciprocal translation of slide unit.
29. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mobile device adopts hydraulic cylinder or cylinder.
30. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mobile device adopts linear electric motors.
31. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: hinged for circular bearing pin between described cutting units and the translation mechanism.
32. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: hinged for the high polymer elastic pin between described cutting units and the translation mechanism.
33. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: connect for square pin between described cutting units and the translation mechanism.
34. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: connect for the rhombus pin between described cutting units and the translation mechanism.
35. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: connect for the triangle pin between described cutting units and the translation mechanism.
36. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: connect for trapezoidal pin between described cutting units and the translation mechanism.
37. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driving mechanism comprises prime mover, and prime mover adopts hydraulic motor, rotary actuator, air motor or motor.
38. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described slide unit comprises at least one pin-and-hole, and cutting units connects by pin-and-hole with slide unit.
39. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described slide unit and/or translation base are provided with dust excluder.
40. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described translation base comprises at least one slide rail, and slide rail is fixed on the support member, and support member is fixed on the fuselage.
41. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described deceleration device comprises mechanical reduction gear.
42. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described deceleration device comprises the band transmission decelerating device.
43. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described deceleration device comprises the chain reduction device.
44. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described deceleration device comprises the cycloid reduction device.
45. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described deceleration device comprises variable-frequency motor.
46. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described deceleration device comprises hydraulic reduction gear.
47. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described deceleration device comprises planetary reducer.
48. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fuselage comprises shovel board, transporter, hydraulic system, lubricating system, electrical system or water system.
49. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the slide rail face that forms between described slide unit and the translation base is provided with roller, and the roller supporting slide unit moves.
50. impact parallel-moving type development machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cutting units comprises lifting gear, and lifting gear comprises vertical lift device and cantalever lifting device.
CN 201220224796 2012-05-12 2012-05-12 Impact translation-type tunnelling machine Expired - Fee Related CN202882909U (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104213917A (en) * 2013-05-10 2014-12-17 刘素华 Method for reciprocating impact digger rocking-arm rotation and rotatable rocking arm-type reciprocating impact digger
CN104420870A (en) * 2013-09-01 2015-03-18 刘素华 Long screw rod fastening guide wear-resistant sleeve reciprocating impact excavating part easy to machine as well as assemble and disassemble for mining machine
WO2015113504A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-08-06 刘素华 Non-concentric protruding shaft fixed bearing reciprocating impact part for implementing a reciprocating impact non-concentric protruding shaft fixed bearing method
CN107461194A (en) * 2016-06-12 2017-12-12 曲天智 Cantilevered longitudinal axis development machine
CN110318749A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-10-11 天地科技股份有限公司 Tunnel cutting means and development machine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104213917A (en) * 2013-05-10 2014-12-17 刘素华 Method for reciprocating impact digger rocking-arm rotation and rotatable rocking arm-type reciprocating impact digger
CN104420870A (en) * 2013-09-01 2015-03-18 刘素华 Long screw rod fastening guide wear-resistant sleeve reciprocating impact excavating part easy to machine as well as assemble and disassemble for mining machine
WO2015113504A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-08-06 刘素华 Non-concentric protruding shaft fixed bearing reciprocating impact part for implementing a reciprocating impact non-concentric protruding shaft fixed bearing method
US10400597B2 (en) 2014-01-29 2019-09-03 Suhua Liu Non-concentric protruding shaft fixed bearing reciprocating impact part for implementing reciprocating impact part non-concentric protruding shaft fixed bearing method
EA034626B1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2020-02-28 Сухуа Лю Assembly performing reciprocating shock motions and method of connecting it to a shaft
CN107461194A (en) * 2016-06-12 2017-12-12 曲天智 Cantilevered longitudinal axis development machine
CN107461194B (en) * 2016-06-12 2019-09-24 济宁泰立重工机械有限公司 Cantilevered longitudinal axis development machine
CN110318749A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-10-11 天地科技股份有限公司 Tunnel cutting means and development machine

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