CN202837558U - Underground karst cave earthquake cross-hole CT (computer tomography) detection and tomographic imaging device - Google Patents

Underground karst cave earthquake cross-hole CT (computer tomography) detection and tomographic imaging device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202837558U
CN202837558U CN 201220540340 CN201220540340U CN202837558U CN 202837558 U CN202837558 U CN 202837558U CN 201220540340 CN201220540340 CN 201220540340 CN 201220540340 U CN201220540340 U CN 201220540340U CN 202837558 U CN202837558 U CN 202837558U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cable
seismograph
detection
hole
earthquake
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN 201220540340
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许宝田
阎长虹
徐杨
段成龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing University
Original Assignee
Nanjing University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing University filed Critical Nanjing University
Priority to CN 201220540340 priority Critical patent/CN202837558U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202837558U publication Critical patent/CN202837558U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses an underground karst cave earthquake cross-hole CT (computer tomography) detection and tomographic imaging device which comprises a string of wave detectors, shock exciting equipment, an exciting control system, a first electric cable, a second electric cable, a third electric cable, a fourth electric cable, a seismograph and a computer. A first vertical drill hole and a second vertical drill hole are arranged on the ground, the multiple wave detectors are disposed in the first drill hole and connected with the seismograph through the first electric cable, the shock exciting equipment is disposed in the second drill hole, capable of freely moving up and down and connected with the exciting control system through the fourth electric cable, the exciting control system is connected with the seismograph through the second electric cable, and the seismograph is connected with the computer through the fourth electric cable. By the underground karst cave earthquake cross-hole CT detection and tomographic imaging device, underground karst caves can be detected quickly and effectively.

Description

A kind of underground karst cavity earthquake is striden hole CT and is surveyed and laminated imaging device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the field of detecting of underground small-sized solution cavity, and particularly hole CT detection and laminated imaging device are striden in a kind of underground karst cavity earthquake.
Background technology
Karst is in many-sided engineering geologic investigations such as worker China Democratic National Construction Association, highway, Railway Environment, the situation that usually can run into.Because but corrosion is grown thickly lava surface clint, lapies, uneven; Underground karst cavity has destroyed again Rock Mass Integrality.The variation of karst water dynamic condition makes its top overlying soil produce cracking, depression.Underground karst usually shows with the form on solution cavity, underground gallery, underground underground river, and these all affect the stability of structure foundation to some extent.
Traditional borehole data is difficult to the growth scale, distribution situation to karst etc. makes and rationally estimating accurately, just so that the occurrence probability of some karst region engineering geological problems (seepage, gushing water, surface collapse etc.) greatly increases, increase drill hole density simply and drilling depth be the inevitable survey amount that greatly increases then for this.
Along with geophysical survey (abbreviation physical prospecting) technology progressively is applied to engineering investigation, this difficult problem had obtained solving preferably in recent years, and karst geophysical prospecting method commonly used has:
(1) geologic radar detection method
Ground penetrating radar is utilized ultrahigh frequency short pulse electromagnetic wave propagation characteristic in underground medium, analyzes underground or the inner sightless objective body of works or interphase, positions or differentiates.Because ground penetrating radar is a kind of non-destructive Detection Techniques, the engineering site that can be used for the city and build safely, work Project Areas condition is loose, strong adaptability; The pulse time domain output power of ground penetrating radar is large simultaneously, and anti-electromagnetic interference capability is strong, can work under the various noise circumstances in the city, and the environmental interference impact is little; Have investigation depth and resolution satisfied on the engineering, the scene directly provides real-time section record diagram, and clear picture is directly perceived.
The principle of ground penetrating radar Underground objective body (such as solution cavity etc.) is by high frequency, the very high frequency electromagnetic wave of particular device to underground transmitted form.Frequency electromagnetic waves is with broadband short pulse form, is directed by emitting antenna and sends into undergroundly, returns ground after the stratum through there being electrical property difference or karst (objective body) reflection, received by receiving antenna.Frequency electromagnetic waves is when Propagation, and its travel path, electromagnetic intensity and waveform will change with electrical property feature and the geometric shape by medium.Therefore, by collection, processing and the analysis to time domain waveform, can descend definitely locus and the structure of interphase or karst-geologic body.
Electromagnetic wave when running into the buried target body that has electrical property difference, during such as solution cavity, interphase etc., just electromagnetic wave reflects, is received by receiving antenna when turning back to ground when Propagation.To receive antenna reception to the radar wave basis processing and analyze on, according to the parameters such as the radar waveform that receives, intensity, two-way time just deducibility buried target body locus, structure, electrically reach geometric shape, thereby reach the detection to underground concealed target thing.
Geological radar adopts frequency electromagnetic waves as information carrier, and electromagnetic wave energy is stronger in underground decay, and under thick coverage condition, investigative range (mainly referring on the degree of depth) will be restricted.
(2) high-density electric exploration
High-density electric is a kind of effective engineering geophysical method.The method is to develop from conventional resistivity method, and its principle of work is also substantially identical with conventional resistivity method.It is as the basis take the electrical property difference of Rock And Soil.Apply under the electric field action regularity of distribution of conduction current in the underground Rock And Soil according to it, infer the distribution situation of the geologic body of underground different resistivity.In fact high-density electric is exactly the resistivity of measuring underground various Rock And Soils.Because the resistivity value of measuring is in the situation that undergroundly exist multiple Rock And Soil to record, so be not the true resistivity of a certain rock, it is except the combined influence that is subjected to various rock resistivities, also relevant with concrete conditions such as the distribution of rock, ore (comprising-a little structural factors), electrode spread, so claim that it is apparent resistivity.The factor that determines the apparent resistivity size has: the 1. true resistivity of each rock stratum geologic body; 2. the electrical body actual distribution of underground difference situation (thickness of each electrical body, size and shape, the depth of burying); 3. the mutual alignment of transmitting electrode and potential electrode and with the relative position of inhomogeneous electrical layer.
Data to collection in worksite have been carried out inverting with Inversion Software first, but inversion error is larger, if look like to judge that with inversion chart the tax of geologic body deposits situation, the reliable results degree is lower.When the city proper is surveyed, sometimes electrode can only be arranged on pitch or the concrete road surface, because the conductance on pitch or mixed earth road surface is low-down, directly affected exciting and propagating of electric current, therefore the measurement data that obtains in this case is used for inverting, and effect will be very undesirable.
(3) well ground seismic method
Well ground seismical technique is to adopt ground to excite, lay wave detector in the well, adopt seismograph to accept the mode of detectable signal, ground survey line and any layout, and can arrange the shot point of comparatively dense, focus excites the high-frequency seismic wave except considering to satisfy, and selecting of surface source is simple, and it is high that launching efficiency is wanted.Exciting method commonly used has the modes such as shallow well (less than 1m), instantaneous cap, the little dose explosive of shallow well, weight excite.Also to consider in addition the interference of field condition to surveying, should avoid during actual measurement.
It utilizes seismic event to pass when walking after the geologic body and the physical messages such as change of energy, rebuilds on computers the geologic body internal image, thereby the lithology, cavern and the structure that obtain institute's geologize body distribute.The method image is directly perceived, resolution is high, contain much information, good reliability, overlayer subregion, lithology distributions and the construction features that can clearly reflect institute's survey region, be used for studying the structures such as the tectal distribution of Quaternary system, thickness and buried depth of basement, weathering layering, thickness and substrate joint, fracture, can be used for the aspects such as the superficial part concealed orebody is reconnoitred, geological disaster forecasting, engineering ground evaluation.Simultaneously, the method is implemented simple, and is easy to operate, successful.
Although well ground seismic method easy operating, precision is higher, has too the range limited system of investigation depth and is subjected to ground to disturb more serious problem, and when particularly constructing on road limit, urban district, the impact of running automobile vibration is very important.
From present achievement in research, the CAVE DETECTION technology exists that detection method imperfection, expense are high, the urban district construction is disturbed serious, poor accuracy and the characteristics of the range limited system of detection.Particularly on the investigation depth, along with the development (city underground, market place builet below the ground etc.) of the city underground engineering degree of depth, several detection methods commonly used will be lost ground gradually.
The utility model content
The utility model purpose: for the problem and shortage that above-mentioned prior art exists, the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of underground karst cavity earthquake and strides hole CT detection and laminated imaging device, can survey fast and effectively underground solution cavity.
Technical scheme: for realizing above-mentioned utility model purpose, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is that hole CT detection and laminated imaging device are striden in a kind of underground karst cavity earthquake, comprise a string wave detector, excitational equipment, excite control system, the first cable, the second cable, the 3rd cable, the 4th cable, seismograph and computing machine, be provided with the first vertical boring and the second boring on the earth's surface, described a plurality of wave detector places described the first boring, described wave detector connects seismograph by the first cable, described excitational equipment places described the second boring, but this excitational equipment easy on and off moves, and connect by the 4th cable and to excite control system, the described control system that excites is passed through the second cable connection seismograph, and described seismograph connects computing machine by the 4th cable.
Preferably, the quantity of described wave detector is 12, and dominant frequency is 100Hz.
The level interval of described the first boring and the second boring can be greater than 50 meters.
Preferably, described excitational equipment and wave detector all are positioned at below the underground water table, guarantee the quality of reception of seismic event.
Preferably, the described built-in trigger switch of control system that excites, described trigger switch connects seismograph by the second cable, described when exciting control system to impulse the electric signal of trigger switch reach seismograph by the second cable, described seismograph picks up and records the direct-path signal that wave detector collects by the first cable, seismograph passes through the 4th cable transmission to computing machine with the direct-path signal of record, described computing machine is according to this direct-path signal, when the first break picking ripple is walked and carry out wave velocity C T tomography.
Preferably, the spacing of adjacent described wave detector is 0.5 to 1 meter.
Preferably, described seismograph is shallow layer seismograph, and described computing machine is portable computer, and described excitational equipment is sparker source, and described wave detector is three-component seismometer.
The utility model also provides a kind of underground karst cavity earthquake to stride hole CT and has surveyed and chromatography imaging method, comprises the steps:
Step 1: intending search coverage boring, obtaining the first boring and the second boring;
Step 2: a string wave detector is placed in the first boring, and wave detector is connected with seismograph by the first cable;
Step 3: excitational equipment is put into the second boring, but described excitational equipment easy on and off move, and be connected with exciting control system by the 4th cable;
Step 4: the described built-in trigger switch of control system that excites, described trigger switch connects seismograph by the second cable, described when exciting control system to impulse the electric signal of trigger switch reach seismograph by the second cable, described seismograph picks up and records the direct-path signal that wave detector collects by the first cable, and seismograph passes through the 4th cable transmission to computing machine with the direct-path signal of record;
Step 5: when described computing machine is walked according to the direct-path signal first break picking ripple that collects, search coverage is carried out dividing elements, calculate each unit velocity of wave;
Step 6: carry out wave velocity C T tomography, synthetic velocity of wave isogram;
Step 7: according to the anomaly of wave velocity place on the described velocity of wave isogram, judge solution cavity position and solution cavity size.
Preferably, described excitational equipment and wave detector all are positioned at below the underground water table, guarantee the quality of reception of seismic event.
Preferably, in the described step 5, adopt ray casting to calculate each unit velocity of wave.
Beneficial effect: the utility model provide a kind of fast, the detection of karst cave apparatus and method that efficient and precision is higher.Adopt the wave detector of a string 12 dominant frequency 100Hz can be deep into any degree of depth in the boring, be coupled by the water in the hole or mud between wave detector and rock, sparker source is put into boring to be excited, but the degree of depth manual control of sparker source, having overcome in the past, the earth's surface excites the restricted defective of investigation depth.Used seismic event penetration power is strong, excites and the maximum spacing of accepting to hole can reach more than the 50m, compares with the geologic radar detection method, has the advantage of investigative range large (particularly the degree of depth is large).Can calculate fast rock mass velocity in the investigative range by the Matlab program of writing, and draw velocity of wave isogram (tomography), can judge solution cavity position and size.
Sensor adopts general seismoreceiver, and price is low, reusable not fragile.Sensor, seismograph, apparatus such as computer is easy, volume is little, quality is light, easy to carry, and the signal sampling and processing software operation is simple, and result of use is good, sparker source power supply 220V, and general small generator can meet the demands.Can process image data fast in the program that Matlab writes.
Generally can customize wave detector to producer according to the seismograph port number, such as customizable a string 24 wave detectors of 24 road seismographs (the utility model adopts 24 road seismographs, and a string 12 wave detectors are accepted seismic event in the boring), can accelerate speed of detection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that hole CT detection and laminated imaging device are striden in the earthquake of the utility model underground karst cavity;
Fig. 2 is search coverage mesh generation and ray tracing schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the solution cavity location drawing.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, further illustrate the utility model, should understand these embodiment only is used for explanation the utility model and is not used in restriction scope of the present utility model, after having read the utility model, those skilled in the art all fall within the application's claims limited range to the modification of the various equivalent form of values of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the utility model embodiment is as follows:
(1) intending search coverage boring (the probing hole that generally can utilize exploration program to arrange, be divided into the first boring the 13 and second boring 14) to desired depth, process doing suitably in holing: the stone that falls in holing is cleared up, to guarantee that wave detector and sparker source can be down to the required degree of depth that reaches.
(2) wave detector is laid: a string wave detector 1-12 is put into the first boring 13, and the wave detector vertical interval meets design requirement, and wave detector is connected with seismograph 19 by the first cable 17.Guarantee that 12 wave detectors all are positioned at below the underground water table, guarantee the quality of reception of seismic event.
(3) focus is laid: sparker source 15 is put into the second boring 14, be connected with exciting control system 16 by the 4th cable 23, but and guarantee that focus can move by easy on and off in boring.The utility model adopts the maximum of boosting can reach the control system that excites of 10000V, and maximum probe (excite, accept) distance (i.e. distance between the second boring the 14 and first boring 13) can reach more than the 50m.
(4) generator 22 is as power supply, connect and excite control system 16, excite control system 16 built-in trigger switches (not shown) to connect seismograph 19 by the second cable 18, the trigger switch electric signal reaches seismograph 19 by the second cable 18 when exciting control system 16 to impulse, seismograph 19 picks up and records the direct-path signal that wave detector collects by the first cable 17, and seismograph 19 passes to the direct-path signal of record on the portable computer 21 by the 3rd cable 20.
(5) according to the seismic signal (being direct-path signal) that collects, when the first break picking ripple is walked.
(6) carry out wave velocity C T tomography:
A. data are processed
According to the ray tracing mode, the imaging square profile is divided into * nIndividual little square shaped cells (pixel).Suppose the slowness function It is a constant in the individual lattice ( ); The During the walking of bar ray be ( ); The The bar ray is Ray in the individual pixel Length is Then The edge Radon be transformed to
In the formula, Expression length, then the The discrete form of the ray traveltime equation of bar ray can be written as:
(1)
Namely (2)
To all The bar ray can get following matrix equation:
(3)
Namely (4)
In the formula: -distance matrix; -slowness vector; -vector when walking.If can be from the anti-slowness vector that solves of (4) formula , and each element got its inverse, just obtained velocity vector.
B. imaging
The CT tomography is exactly synthetic velocity of wave isogram of velocity of wave that each pixel is corresponding.The velocity of wave that calculates is considered as the velocity amplitude of each pixel geometric center, these points are adopted rational interpolation means (this adopts the lattice point spline interpolation that carries among the MATLAB), namely set up a space curved surface With Cut this curved surface, the curve that intercepts exists Projection on the face is required velocity of wave isogram.
7, image interpretation
According to anomaly of wave velocity place on the velocity of wave isogram (general Rock Velocity is higher, and solution cavity place velocity of wave is low), determine solution cavity position and solution cavity size.
During implementation, wave detector and sparker source can be in the hole any degree of depth, the solution cavity size of finding when the shot point spacing can be according to advanced exploration is adjusted, solution cavity hour, shot point density can suitably increase, phone spacing also can suitably reduce; When solution cavity was larger, shot point density can reduce, and phone spacing also can increase, the result that general shot point and phone spacing can obtain comparatively to be satisfied with when being 1m.Here said shot point spacing, when being sparker source 15 and in the second boring 14, moving freely, the spacing between adjacent move for twice.
When data processing and decipher, general shot point and wave detector density are larger, and result of calculation is more accurate, and the relatively poor individual channels of signal effect can be rejected, and does not participate in tomography.
Case history:
In Subway Project wherein one section pass through lime rock stratum, grow small-sized solution cavity in this stratum, the solution cavity size is generally tens work points to 2m, the engineering exploration purpose is to understand 20~40 m deep drillings karst developmental states on every side.But rock mass upper caldding layer thickness is generally about 10-20m, adopts geologic radar detection to find, because the electromagnetic wave energy decay is stronger in the thick-covering, investigative range will be restricted, and result of detection is undesirable.Hole CT method is striden in rear employing, and drilling depth is 50m, and spacing is 20-50m.
Hole CT result of detection and results of drilling are striden basically identical as shown in Figure 3 in drilling verification solution cavity position as seen, and the seismic event receiving orifice among the figure is aforesaid the second boring, and the seismic event among the figure excites the hole to be aforesaid the first boring.

Claims (6)

1. hole CT detection and laminated imaging device are striden in a underground karst cavity earthquake, comprise a string wave detector, excitational equipment, excite control system (16), the first cable (17), the second cable (18), the 3rd cable (20), the 4th cable (23), seismograph (19) and computing machine (21), be provided with the first vertical boring (13) and the second boring (14) on the earth's surface, described a plurality of wave detector places described the first boring (13), described wave detector connects seismograph (19) by the first cable (17), described excitational equipment places described the second boring (14), but this excitational equipment easy on and off moves, and connect by the 4th cable (23) and to excite control system (16), the described control system (16) that excites connects seismograph (19) by the second cable (18), and described seismograph (19) connects computing machine (21) by the 4th cable (23).
2. hole CT detection and laminated imaging device are striden in described underground karst cavity earthquake according to claim 1, and it is characterized in that: the quantity of described wave detector is 12.
3. hole CT detection and laminated imaging device are striden in described underground karst cavity earthquake according to claim 1, and it is characterized in that: described excitational equipment and wave detector all are positioned at below the underground water table.
4. hole CT detection and laminated imaging device are striden in described underground karst cavity earthquake according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described built-in trigger switch of control system (16) that excites, described trigger switch connects seismograph (19) by the second cable (18), the described electric signal of control system (16) trigger switch when impulsing that excites reaches seismograph (19) by the second cable (18), described seismograph (19) picks up and records the direct-path signal that wave detector collects by the first cable (17), seismograph (19) is transferred to the direct-path signal of record on the computing machine (21) by the 4th cable (23), described computing machine (21) is according to this direct-path signal, when the first break picking ripple is walked and carry out wave velocity C T tomography.
5. hole CT detection and laminated imaging device are striden in described underground karst cavity earthquake according to claim 1, and it is characterized in that: the spacing of adjacent described wave detector is 0.5 to 1 meter.
6. hole CT detection and laminated imaging device are striden in described underground karst cavity earthquake according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described seismograph (19) is shallow layer seismograph, described computing machine (21) is portable computer, described excitational equipment is sparker source (15), and described wave detector is three-component seismometer.
CN 201220540340 2012-10-22 2012-10-22 Underground karst cave earthquake cross-hole CT (computer tomography) detection and tomographic imaging device Active CN202837558U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220540340 CN202837558U (en) 2012-10-22 2012-10-22 Underground karst cave earthquake cross-hole CT (computer tomography) detection and tomographic imaging device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220540340 CN202837558U (en) 2012-10-22 2012-10-22 Underground karst cave earthquake cross-hole CT (computer tomography) detection and tomographic imaging device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202837558U true CN202837558U (en) 2013-03-27

Family

ID=47949233

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220540340 Active CN202837558U (en) 2012-10-22 2012-10-22 Underground karst cave earthquake cross-hole CT (computer tomography) detection and tomographic imaging device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202837558U (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102866417A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-01-09 南京大学 Device and method for seismic cross hole computed tomography (CT) detection and tomography of underground cave
CN103353611A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-16 邓业灿 Underground cave multi-facet detection method
CN103821502A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-05-28 西南石油大学 Device for collecting and transmitting vibration data of ocean tubular column
CN105300444A (en) * 2015-04-14 2016-02-03 贵州省水利水电勘测设计研究院 Method of exploring morphological characteristics of gorge bank slope deep buried underground large karst cave
CN105604557A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-25 福建工程学院 Shield construction boulder detection method based on seismic CT
CN105866841A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 桂林电子科技大学 Novel distributed cross-hole CT (computed tomography) detection system and method
CN107703538A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-02-16 上海交通大学 Underground unfavorable geology survey data acquisition analysis system and method
CN108303729A (en) * 2018-02-27 2018-07-20 中南大学 Shield tunnel influence area Karst method under building

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102866417A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-01-09 南京大学 Device and method for seismic cross hole computed tomography (CT) detection and tomography of underground cave
CN103353611A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-16 邓业灿 Underground cave multi-facet detection method
CN103353611B (en) * 2013-07-22 2015-10-28 邓业灿 Underground cave multi-facet detection method
CN103821502A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-05-28 西南石油大学 Device for collecting and transmitting vibration data of ocean tubular column
CN105300444A (en) * 2015-04-14 2016-02-03 贵州省水利水电勘测设计研究院 Method of exploring morphological characteristics of gorge bank slope deep buried underground large karst cave
CN105604557A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-25 福建工程学院 Shield construction boulder detection method based on seismic CT
CN105866841A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 桂林电子科技大学 Novel distributed cross-hole CT (computed tomography) detection system and method
CN105866841B (en) * 2016-05-19 2018-03-09 桂林电子科技大学 A kind of distributed across hole CT detection methods
CN107703538A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-02-16 上海交通大学 Underground unfavorable geology survey data acquisition analysis system and method
CN108303729A (en) * 2018-02-27 2018-07-20 中南大学 Shield tunnel influence area Karst method under building

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202837558U (en) Underground karst cave earthquake cross-hole CT (computer tomography) detection and tomographic imaging device
CN102866417A (en) Device and method for seismic cross hole computed tomography (CT) detection and tomography of underground cave
Li et al. An overview of ahead geological prospecting in tunneling
CN108152854A (en) A kind of lossless detection method and its application based on fine motion power spectral density
Lu et al. A review of geophysical exploration technology for mine water disaster in China: applications and trends
Takahashi et al. ISRM suggested methods for borehole geophysics in rock engineering
Xu et al. Evaluation of MASW techniques to image steeply dipping cavities in laterally inhomogeneous terrain
CN102182437B (en) Method for determining and eliminating hydraulic fracture stress boundary of coal mine underground drilling
CN105093314B (en) A kind of method for determining microseism focus
CN110095810A (en) Ground distributor cloth optical fiber three-component surface seismic data acquisition system and method
McCann et al. Application of cross-hole seismic measurements in site investigation surveys
Liu et al. A borehole multifrequency acoustic wave system for karst detection near piles
CN112965136A (en) Multi-stage advanced detection method for water-rich karst tunnel
Nie et al. Integrated ERT, seismic, and electrical resistivity imaging for geological prospecting on Metro Line R3 in Qingdao, China
Yue et al. Electrical Prospecting Methods for Advance Detection: Progress, problems, and prospects in Chinese coal mines
Xue et al. A review of electrical and electromagnetic methods for coal mine exploration in China
CN202794569U (en) Geological defect detection probe
Aktürk et al. Integration of electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) and ground-penetrating radar (GPR) methods to identify soil profile around Necatibey Subway Station, Ankara, Turkey
Kim et al. Detection of anomalous features in an earthen dam using inversion of P-wave first-arrival times and surface-wave dispersion curves
CN108919337A (en) Urban underground space system for acquiring seismic data
CN103630938A (en) Imaging system and imaging method for well earthquake using hammer head of down-hole hammer as focus
CN203616488U (en) Well-ground seismic imaging system taking hammerhead of down-hole hammer as hypocenter
Wang et al. Polarization migration of multi-component seismic data for survey in the tunnel of mountain cities
Zhang et al. Application of cross-borehole integrated geophysical methods for the detailed investigation of karst in urban metro construction
Manataki et al. Monitoring of water leakages from pipes through geophysical imaging methods

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model