CN202813880U - Multi-condenser combined solar jetting air conditioning unit - Google Patents

Multi-condenser combined solar jetting air conditioning unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202813880U
CN202813880U CN2012203904184U CN201220390418U CN202813880U CN 202813880 U CN202813880 U CN 202813880U CN 2012203904184 U CN2012203904184 U CN 2012203904184U CN 201220390418 U CN201220390418 U CN 201220390418U CN 202813880 U CN202813880 U CN 202813880U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
valve
water
hot water
condenser
air
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012203904184U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑慧凡
范晓伟
杨中宣
张定才
王凤坤
王方
何大四
梁耀华
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Zhongyuan University of Technology
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Zhongyuan University of Technology
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Priority to CN2012203904184U priority Critical patent/CN202813880U/en
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Publication of CN202813880U publication Critical patent/CN202813880U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/272Solar heating or cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal

Abstract

A multi-condenser combined solar jetting air conditioning unit comprises a solar heat collection hot water circuit, a refrigerating fluid circuit, a living hot water circuit and an air conditioning water circuit. The multi-condenser combined solar jetting air conditioning unit fully utilizes condensation heat of a system to provide living hot water, and more fully utilizes solar resources, and mainly relieves the problems that a finned tube air-cooled condenser causes heat pollution at operation, and in summer the living hot water is directly taken from a hot water tank, however, overhigh temperature can lead to mixing of cold water and hot water which causes waste of the solar energy. In summer, a part of the condensation heat is utilized to obtain the living hot water. Through switching, opening and closing of a valve, the flow path of a water system is controlled, a cooling process, a heat supply process and a living hot water making process can be carried out independently. Further, the cooling process and the living hot water making process, and the heat supply process and the living hot water making process can be carried out simultaneously. The multi-condenser combined solar jetting air conditioning unit is expected to be well applied to an air condition cold and hot water double supply system, a low temperature air supply system and a cool storage air-conditioning system.

Description

Many condensers combination type solar sprays the air-conditioning unit
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the air conditioner refrigerating field, relates in particular to a kind ofly to utilize solar energy to carry out heat supply, cooling, domestic hot-water's solar energy jetting air-conditioning unit is provided .
Background technology
Along with the further aggravation of energy crisis, the utilization of solar energy has become the focus that people pay close attention to.In solar utilization technique, the solar energy jetting refrigeration system is simple in structure with it, and moving component is few, and low cost and other advantages is subject to everybody favor, more and more extensive in the application in air conditioner refrigerating field.But known to its service condition investigation: conventional solar energy jetting air-conditioning system has two aspects to remain deficiency while moving, one: the system condensing device adopts the fin tube type air-cooled condenser more, and the higher meeting of condensation temperature during this condenser working makes coefficient of refrigerating performance reduce.In addition, the fin tube type air-cooled condenser directly is discharged into condensation heat in atmosphere, has caused the waste of heat and has brought thermal pollution to environment.Its two: solar energy jetting air-conditioning system when operation, because injection refrigerating system is had relatively high expectations to thermal-arrest hot water water temperature, mostly be the hot water more than 80 ℃ in the solar energy heating water tank, summer, domestic hot-water's water temperature was mostly between 35~45 ℃, when the user obtains the domestic hot-water from the solar energy heating water tank, just need to mix a certain amount of cold water and just can use, therefore, the caused solar heat wasting phenomenon of cold and hot mixing will inevitably occur.
Obviously, if the condensation heat of injection refrigerating system can be reclaimed and is used for meeting people domestic hot-water's requirement, not only can reduce thermal pollution, reduce the system condensing temperature, improve the refrigerating capacity of solar refrigeration system, can also reduce electric heater, the routines such as gas heater provide the energy resource consumption of domestic hot-water's mode, provide a kind of new domestic hot-water to produce mode.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the combined solar energy jetting air-conditioning of a kind of many condensers unit is provided, carry out the combined type design by the condenser to spraying air-conditioning system, increase necessary by-pass valve control, the solution outdoor temperature causes refrigerating efficiency descend and utilize condensation heat to produce domestic hot-water's problem when too high.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above by the following technical solutions: a kind of many condensers combination type solar sprays the air-conditioning unit, comprise solar energy heating hot-water return, refrigerant loop, domestic hot-water loop, air conditioner water loop, the solar energy heating hot-water return comprises solar thermal collector, boiler, generator and the heat-exchanger pump of being connected successively by the first pipe-line system; Refrigerant loop, comprise the refrigerated medium pump, generator, injector, condenser, evaporimeter, the choke valve that are connected by the second pipe-line system, injector is connected with condenser, the outlet of condenser is divided into two-way: a road connects refrigerated medium pump, generator returns to injector, and another road connects choke valve successively, evaporimeter returns to injector; The domestic hot-water loop comprises the triple circuit system system, and the triple circuit system system is respectively the 4th valve, boiler, the 5th valve connected successively and connects successively the 7th valve, condenser, the 6th valve; The air conditioner water loop comprises water collector, boiler, evaporimeter, water pump of air conditioner, the water knockout drum coupled together through the 4th pipe-line system, wherein, be provided with the first valve between water collector and evaporimeter, between water collector and boiler, be provided with the second valve, be provided with the 3rd valve between boiler and evaporimeter.
Condenser is comprised of at least two heat exchangers, and heat exchanger is the form that sleeve pipe, package or plate change, and takes the serial or parallel connection form between heat exchanger, and wherein at least one heat exchanger is connected on the triple circuit system system between the 7th valve, the 6th valve.
Condenser is comprised of First Heat Exchanger and the second heat exchanger, and the injector outlet connects First Heat Exchanger, and First Heat Exchanger is connected on the triple circuit system system between the 7th valve, the 6th valve; The outlet of the second heat exchanger is divided into two-way: the refrigerated medium pump of leading up to returns to generator, and injector is returned to by choke valve and evaporimeter in another road.
The first valve, the second valve, the 3rd valve, the 4th valve, the 5th valve, the 6th valve and the 7th valve are manually to control or autocontrol valve.
Many condensers of the present invention's (utility model) combination type solar sprays coming into operation of air-conditioning unit can reduce the system condensing temperature, improve the coefficient of performance of solar energy jetting air-conditioning system, and can utilize the condensation heat of recovery to produce the domestic hot-water, meet people's demand, for reducing primary energy consumption, reduce outdoor thermal pollution etc. remarkable result is all arranged, in addition, because weather is warmmer, the air conditioner load needed is larger, and the now supply of solar energy is also more sufficient, therefore this system can effectively be alleviated the electrical network pressure of daytime during peak of power consumption, system can reliablely and stablely provide idle call chilled water and the temperature idle call hot water between 40~80 ℃, hot water temperature's span is large, can meet domestic hot-water supply, also can meet production technology heat supply and small area heat supply, be applicable to radiation cooling, fan coil cooling unit, this system can realize complementing one another of solar energy and electric energy, improve solar energy utilization ratio, alleviate the electrical network pressure that air conditioning electricity causes, there is significant economic benefit and social benefit.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the combined solar energy jetting air-conditioning of many condensers of the present utility model unit principle schematic.
The 1-solar thermal collector; The 2-heat collection water tank; The 3-heat-exchanger pump; The 4-generator; The 5-injector; The 6a-First Heat Exchanger; 6b-the second heat exchanger; The 7-refrigerated medium pump; The 8-choke valve; The 9-evaporimeter; The 10-water pump of air conditioner; The 11-water knockout drum; The 12-water collector; F 1the-the first valve; F 2the-the second valve; F 3-tri-valves; F 4-tetra-valves; F 5-five valves; F 6-six valves; F 7-seven valves.
The specific embodiment
Provide specific embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, further illustrate many condensations type combination type solar and spray the air-conditioning unit.
As shown in Figure 1, the combined solar energy jetting air-conditioning of a kind of condenser unit, comprise solar energy heating hot-water return, refrigerant loop, domestic hot-water loop, air conditioner water loop.
The solar energy heating hot-water return comprises the first pipe-line system and solar thermal collector 1, boiler 2, generator 4 and the heat-exchanger pump 3 of being connected successively by the first pipe-line system.Between solar thermal collector 1 outlet and boiler 2 imports, by the first pipe-line system, be connected, between boiler 2 outlets and generator 4 imports, by the first pipe-line system, connected, connected by the first pipe-line system between generator 4 outlets and heat-exchanger pump 3 imports, connected by the first pipe-line system between heat-exchanger pump 3 outlets and solar thermal collector 1 import.
Refrigerant loop, comprise the second pipe-line system and the refrigerated medium pump 7, generator 4, injector 5, condenser 6, evaporimeter 9, the choke valve 8 that are connected successively by the second pipe-line system.First Heat Exchanger 6a and the second heat exchanger 6b that condenser is arranged by series connection form.Cold-producing medium enters First Heat Exchanger, the second heat exchanger from the outlet of injector 5, cold-producing medium is divided into two-way from the outlet of the second heat exchanger: leading up to refrigerated medium pump 7, generator 4 returns to injector 5, and injector 5 is returned to by choke valve 8 and evaporimeter 9 in another road.
The domestic hot-water loop comprises triple circuit system system and the two parts that connected by the triple circuit system system, and first is the 4th valve F connected successively by the triple circuit system system 4, boiler 2, the 5th valve F 5; Second portion is for connecting successively the 7th valve F by the triple circuit system system 7, First Heat Exchanger 6a, the 6th valve F 6.The 4th valve F 4be connected on the automatic makeup water pipe the 7th valve F 7be connected on running water pipe the 5th valve F 5, the 6th valve F 6control user's water.Domestic hot-water's heat of winter and conditioning in Transition Season is taken from boiler 2, now the 4th valve F 4, the 5th valve F 5open the 6th valve F 6, the 7th valve F 7close; Summer, domestic hot-water's heat was taken from First Heat Exchanger 6a, now the 6th valve F 6, the 7th valve F 7open the 4th valve F 4, the 5th valve F 5close.
The air conditioner water loop comprises the 4th pipe-line system and the water collector 12 coupled together through the 4th pipe-line system, boiler 2, evaporimeter 9, water pump of air conditioner 10, water knockout drum 11.Water collector 12 is collected the air-conditioning backwater, and water knockout drum 11 supplies water to air-conditioning.Wherein, the 4th pipe-line system between water collector 12 and evaporimeter 9 is provided with the first valve F 1, the 4th pipe-line system that water collector 12 and boiler are 2 is provided with the second valve F 2, the 4th pipe-line system between boiler 2 and evaporimeter 9 is provided with the 3rd valve F 3.
The second pipe-line system is refrigerant line, and the first pipe-line system, triple circuit system system, the 4th pipe-line system are water lines.
It is two for system that the utility model estimates can be applicable to the air-conditioning hot water or cold water.The hot water of temperature between 40~90 ℃ is provided when air conditioning water is provided, and hot water temperature's span is large, can meet domestic hot-water supply, also can meet production technology heat supply and small area heat supply.Can also provide separately cryogenic freezing water, applicable to air-conditioning systems such as radiation cooling, fan coils.
Summer, the 5th valve F in the domestic hot-water loop 5normally closed, the first valve F in the air conditioner water loop 1open the second valve F 2normally closed, the 3rd valve F 3normally closed, when reaching injection refrigerating system, the outlet temperature of boiler 2 starts while requiring, and injection refrigerating system brings into operation.When the user needs the domestic hot-water, the 6th valve F 6, the 7th valve F 7open the 4th valve F 4close the 5th valve F 5close.The heat exchange area of First Heat Exchanger 6a and the second heat exchanger 6b can be designed to automatic regulation type according to the needs of user's hot water.Blower fan in the second heat exchanger 6b is selected frequency conversion fan, to adapt to the situation of different load.
Winter, the 6th valve F in domestic hot-water's pipeline 6normally closed, the 7th valve F 7normally closed, the first valve F in the air conditioner water loop 1normally closed.When the outlet temperature of boiler 2 reaches the required temperature of air conditioner user heat supply, the second valve F 2open the 3rd valve F 3open, by the solar energy heating hot-water return directly to the air conditioner user heat supply.When the user needs the domestic hot-water, the 4th valve F 4, the 5th valve F 5open.Water level in boiler 2 is during lower than designing requirement, the 4th valve F 4open.

Claims (4)

1. condenser combination type solar more than a kind sprays the air-conditioning unit, comprise solar energy heating hot-water return, refrigerant loop, domestic hot-water loop, air conditioner water loop, it is characterized in that: the solar energy heating hot-water return comprises solar thermal collector, boiler, generator and the heat-exchanger pump of being connected successively by the first pipe-line system; Refrigerant loop, comprise the refrigerated medium pump, generator, injector, condenser, evaporimeter, the choke valve that are connected by the second pipe-line system, injector is connected with condenser, the outlet of condenser is divided into two-way: a road connects refrigerated medium pump, generator returns to injector, and another road connects choke valve successively, evaporimeter returns to injector; The domestic hot-water loop comprises the triple circuit system system, and the triple circuit system system is respectively the 4th valve, boiler, the 5th valve connected successively and connects successively the 7th valve, condenser, the 6th valve; The air conditioner water loop comprises water collector, boiler, evaporimeter, water pump of air conditioner, the water knockout drum coupled together through the 4th pipe-line system, wherein, be provided with the first valve between water collector and evaporimeter, between water collector and boiler, be provided with the second valve, be provided with the 3rd valve between boiler and evaporimeter.
2. spray the air-conditioning unit according to the combination type solar of the many condensers described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: condenser is comprised of at least two heat exchangers, heat exchanger is the form that sleeve pipe, package or plate change, take the serial or parallel connection form between heat exchanger, wherein at least one heat exchanger is connected on the triple circuit system system between the 7th valve, the 6th valve.
3. spray the air-conditioning unit according to the combination type solar of the many condensers described in claim 2, it is characterized in that: condenser is comprised of First Heat Exchanger and the second heat exchanger, the injector outlet connects First Heat Exchanger, and First Heat Exchanger is connected on the triple circuit system system between the 7th valve, the 6th valve; The outlet of the second heat exchanger is divided into two-way: the refrigerated medium pump of leading up to returns to generator, and injector is returned to by choke valve and evaporimeter in another road.
4. spray the air-conditioning unit according to the combination type solar of the many condensers described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the first valve, the second valve, the 3rd valve, the 4th valve, the 5th valve, the 6th valve and the 7th valve are for manually controlling or autocontrol valve.
CN2012203904184U 2012-08-08 2012-08-08 Multi-condenser combined solar jetting air conditioning unit Expired - Fee Related CN202813880U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012203904184U CN202813880U (en) 2012-08-08 2012-08-08 Multi-condenser combined solar jetting air conditioning unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012203904184U CN202813880U (en) 2012-08-08 2012-08-08 Multi-condenser combined solar jetting air conditioning unit

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CN202813880U true CN202813880U (en) 2013-03-20

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102809246A (en) * 2012-08-08 2012-12-05 中原工学院 Multi-condenser combined solar jet air-conditioning unit
CN105222398A (en) * 2015-10-11 2016-01-06 钟小强 A kind of solar energy jetting cold-hot-water device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102809246A (en) * 2012-08-08 2012-12-05 中原工学院 Multi-condenser combined solar jet air-conditioning unit
CN105222398A (en) * 2015-10-11 2016-01-06 钟小强 A kind of solar energy jetting cold-hot-water device

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C17 Cessation of patent right
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Granted publication date: 20130320

Termination date: 20130808