CN102393097A - Commercial/civil solar jet central air conditioning system - Google Patents

Commercial/civil solar jet central air conditioning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102393097A
CN102393097A CN2011103695494A CN201110369549A CN102393097A CN 102393097 A CN102393097 A CN 102393097A CN 2011103695494 A CN2011103695494 A CN 2011103695494A CN 201110369549 A CN201110369549 A CN 201110369549A CN 102393097 A CN102393097 A CN 102393097A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar
central air
adopts
air conditioning
solar energy
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011103695494A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁家鼎
高琳琳
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Zhongneng Dongxun New Energy Science & Technology (dalian) Co Ltd
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Zhongneng Dongxun New Energy Science & Technology (dalian) Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhongneng Dongxun New Energy Science & Technology (dalian) Co Ltd filed Critical Zhongneng Dongxun New Energy Science & Technology (dalian) Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011103695494A priority Critical patent/CN102393097A/en
Publication of CN102393097A publication Critical patent/CN102393097A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/272Solar heating or cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a commercial/civil solar jet central air conditioning system, belonging to the fields of new energy resources and energy-saving technologies. The commercial/civil solar jet central air conditioning system is composed of a solar heat collecting subsystem and a jet type refrigerating subsystem, and uses low-grade solar energy as a driving heat source, i.e. in the sunny daytime, solar heat is used mainly as the driving heat source of an air conditioning host machine; and when the sunshine is insufficient in the daytime or at night, solar energy and an auxiliary electric heater are used, or the auxiliary electric heater is directly used for providing continuous driving heat source for the air conditioning host machine. The system is suitable for a small-business or civil villa with a building area of more than 100m<2> for refrigerating in summer and heating in winter. The commercial/civil solar jet central air conditioning system has the advantages of simple structure, low cost, reliable operation, convenience in use and maintenance, positive pressure operation of the system, little power consumption, energy saving, environmental friendliness and the like, so that the application and popularization properties are greatly improved.

Description

A kind of solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system, is the device that low-grade energy is utilized, and belongs to new forms of energy and field of energy-saving technology.
Background technology
Because energy shortage, ecological deterioration, solar energy more and more receives people's attention as inexhaustible clean energy resource.Solar heat drives refrigeration air-conditioner also becomes one of focus of refrigeration, the concern of air-conditioning circle.Spray type refrigerating is a kind of machine that can utilize low-grade heat source to freeze, and uses more extensive in solar refrigeration and waste heat recovery refrigerating field.The solar-energy jet-type air-conditioning system is as a kind of system that utilizes low grade heat energies such as solar energy to freeze; Because it is simple in structure, cost is low, reliable, advantages such as working service convenient, system's malleation running, power consumption are few, energy-conserving and environment-protective, has broad application prospects.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system, can utilize low-grade heat source (like solar energy), for construction area is 100m as driving heat source 2Above commercialization/civilian villa provides freeze and winter heating summer.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system; It mainly comprises a source pump, and this source pump adopts pipeline to connect into system to generator, evaporimeter, injector, condenser, reservoir, control valve, expansion valve and liquid pump; It also comprises the driving heat source of a generator and the cooling system of a condenser, the form that said driving heat source adopts solar thermal collector and electrical auxiliary heater to combine; Said solar thermal collector adopts pipeline to connect into through water circulating pump and heat storage water tank to add thermal sub-system; Said condenser adopts pipeline to connect into the heating subsystem through hot water circulating pump and user, is connected with cooling system through hot water circulating pump; Said evaporimeter adopts pipeline to connect into refrigeration subsystem through refrigerant circulating pump and user.
Said generator and evaporimeter adopt the thistle board fin heat exchanger; Said condenser adopts efficient plate type heat exchanger.
Said solar thermal collector adopts solar vacuum tube collector; An electrical auxiliary heater is housed in the said heat storage water tank at least.
Said refrigeration subsystem adopts environmental protection refrigerant, and environmental protection refrigerant is selected from R134a cold-producing medium, R141b cold-producing medium or R236fa cold-producing medium.
Above-mentioned technical scheme mainly is made up of solar energy heating subsystem and spray type refrigerating subsystem.In the solar energy heating subsystem, heat storage water tank is connected to the import of solar thermal collector through water circulating pump, and the solar thermal collector outlet is connected with the inlet of heat storage water tank, and electrical auxiliary heater is housed in the heat storage water tank.In the spray type refrigerating subsystem, the outlet of liquid pump is connected to the import of injector through generator, and the outlet of expansion valve is connected to the ejecting port of injector through evaporimeter, and the outlet of injector is connected to reservoir through condenser.Through control valve conversion Water in Condenser lateral line with cooling system be connected when freezing summer, and heat is discharged, and the evaporator water lateral line is connected with user's refrigeration pipe simultaneously, is user's refrigeration.During winter heating, the water lateral line of the switch condenser through control valve is connected with user's heating pipeline, is user's heating.The PLC centralized Control is adopted in electrical control.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system, utilize low-grade heat source as driving heat source, for construction area is 100m 2Above commercialization/civilian villa provides freeze and winter heating summer.That this solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system has is simple in structure, cost is low, reliable, advantages such as working service convenient, system's malleation running, power consumption are few, energy-conserving and environment-protective.In sum, the present invention is that a kind of system architecture is simple, easy to use, the injecting type of effective conversion low grade heat energy commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment the present invention is described further.
Fig. 1 is a kind of solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system schematic diagram.
Among the figure: 1, solar thermal collector, 2, water circulating pump, 3, electrical auxiliary heater, 4, heat storage water tank, 5, generator; 6, evaporimeter, 7, injector, 8, condenser, 9, cooling system, 10, fluid reservoir; 11, control valve, 12, expansion valve, 13, liquid pump, 14, the first inlet adjusting valve; 15, the first outlet regulating valve, 16, the second inlet adjusting valve, 17, the second outlet regulating valve, 18, the triple feed inlet control valve; 19, the 3rd outlet regulating valve, 20, hot-water circulating pump, 21, the refrigerant circulating pump, 22, the user.
The specific embodiment
According to accompanying drawing embodiment is further described below.
Fig. 1 shows a kind of solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system schematic diagram.Among the figure, in the solar energy heating subsystem, heat storage water tank 4 is connected to the import of solar thermal collector 1 through water circulating pump 2, and the outlet of solar thermal collector 1 is connected with the inlet of heat storage water tank 4, and electrical auxiliary heater 3 is housed in the heat storage water tank 4.In the spray type refrigerating subsystem, the outlet of liquid pump 13 is connected to the import of injector 7 through generator 5, and the outlet of expansion valve 12 is connected to the ejecting port of injector 7 through evaporimeter 6, and the outlet of injector 7 is connected to reservoir 10 through condenser 8.Summer is when freezing; Through opening the first inlet adjusting valve 14, the first outlet regulating valve 15, close the second inlet adjusting valve 16, the second outlet regulating valve 17, the water lateral line of condenser 8 is connected with cooling system 9 with hot-water circulating pump 20; Heat is discharged; Open triple feed inlet control valve 18, the 3rd outlet regulating valve 19 simultaneously, the refrigerant pipeline of evaporimeter 6 is connected with user's 22 refrigeration pipes with refrigerant circulating pump 21, be user's 22 refrigeration.During winter heating; Through opening the second inlet adjusting valve 16, the second outlet regulating valve 17; Closing the first inlet adjusting valve 14, the first outlet regulating valve 15, the water lateral line of condenser 8 is connected with user's 22 heating pipelines with hot-water circulating pump 20, is user's 22 heating.The PLC centralized Control is adopted in electrical control.
Solar thermal collector 1 adopts solar vacuum tube collector; An electrical auxiliary heater 3 is housed in the heat storage water tank 4 at least; Generator 5 adopts the thistle board fin heat exchanger with evaporimeter 6; Condenser 8 adopts efficient plate type heat exchanger and is furnished with cooling system 9; Because system adopts solar energy to cooperate the driving heat source as refrigeration subsystem with electrical auxiliary heater 3, the moving component of system own is few, little with electric consumption; The refrigeration subsystem internal exchanger all adopts board-like efficiently or plate-fin heat exchanger simultaneously, has improved heat exchange efficiency, has also improved overall system efficiency simultaneously, and can be embodied as construction area is 100m 2Above commercialization/civilian villa carries out refrigeration and the demand of winter heating in summer.

Claims (4)

1. solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system; It mainly comprises a source pump, and this source pump adopts pipeline to connect into system to generator (5), evaporimeter (6), injector (7), condenser (8), reservoir (10), control valve (11), expansion valve (12) and liquid pump (13); It is characterized in that: further comprising the driving heat source of a generator (5) and the cooling system (9) of a condenser (8), the form that said driving heat source adopts solar thermal collector (1) and electrical auxiliary heater (3) to combine; Said solar thermal collector (1) adopts pipeline to connect into through water circulating pump (1) and heat storage water tank (4) to add thermal sub-system; Said condenser (8) adopts pipeline to connect into the heating subsystem through hot water circulating pump (20) with user (22), connects into cooling subsystem through hot water circulating pump (20) and cooling system (9); Said evaporimeter (6) adopts pipeline to connect into refrigeration subsystem through refrigerant circulating pump (21) with user (22).
2. a kind of solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said generator (5) and evaporimeter (6) adopt the thistle board fin heat exchanger; Said condenser (8) adopts efficient plate type heat exchanger.
3. a kind of solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said solar thermal collector (1) adopts solar vacuum tube collector; An electrical auxiliary heater (3) is housed in the said heat storage water tank (4) at least.
4. a kind of solar energy jetting commercialization/civilian central air conditioner system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said refrigeration subsystem adopts environmental protection refrigerant, and environmental protection refrigerant is selected from R134a cold-producing medium, R141b cold-producing medium or R236fa cold-producing medium.
CN2011103695494A 2011-11-19 2011-11-19 Commercial/civil solar jet central air conditioning system Pending CN102393097A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103695494A CN102393097A (en) 2011-11-19 2011-11-19 Commercial/civil solar jet central air conditioning system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103695494A CN102393097A (en) 2011-11-19 2011-11-19 Commercial/civil solar jet central air conditioning system

Publications (1)

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CN102393097A true CN102393097A (en) 2012-03-28

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102673453A (en) * 2012-05-19 2012-09-19 南京师范大学 Solar-driven refrigerating system of electric automobile seats
CN103604251A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-26 浙江大学 Double-arrangement type heat pump solar industrial boiler thermodynamic system and method thereof
CN106352558A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-25 上海理工大学 Solar instant heat pump water heater
CN110671826A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-01-10 江苏省瑞丰盐业有限公司 Solar energy utilization device for elevating temperature of brine entering tank during salt preparation of mine salt
CN110848837A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-02-28 重庆大学 Solar semiconductor refrigeration and jet refrigeration combined air conditioning system
CN113188210A (en) * 2018-12-12 2021-07-30 湖南东尤水汽能热泵制造有限公司 Solar energy and air energy phase-change heat storage type central air-conditioning system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4273184A (en) * 1978-09-05 1981-06-16 Osaka Gas Kabushiki Kaisha Solar heat utilized air-conditioning system
JPS58150749U (en) * 1982-04-01 1983-10-08
CN101251314A (en) * 2008-04-07 2008-08-27 中原工学院 Energy storage type solar injection refrigerating device
CN101290176A (en) * 2008-05-07 2008-10-22 中原工学院 Heat reclamation -type solar energy jetting electric compression heat pump air-conditioning unit
CN101551148A (en) * 2009-05-08 2009-10-07 上海理工大学 Solar energy injection type air-conditioner
CN202393083U (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-08-22 中能东讯新能源科技(大连)有限公司 Solar injector commercial or civil central air conditioning system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4273184A (en) * 1978-09-05 1981-06-16 Osaka Gas Kabushiki Kaisha Solar heat utilized air-conditioning system
JPS58150749U (en) * 1982-04-01 1983-10-08
CN101251314A (en) * 2008-04-07 2008-08-27 中原工学院 Energy storage type solar injection refrigerating device
CN101290176A (en) * 2008-05-07 2008-10-22 中原工学院 Heat reclamation -type solar energy jetting electric compression heat pump air-conditioning unit
CN101551148A (en) * 2009-05-08 2009-10-07 上海理工大学 Solar energy injection type air-conditioner
CN202393083U (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-08-22 中能东讯新能源科技(大连)有限公司 Solar injector commercial or civil central air conditioning system

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102673453A (en) * 2012-05-19 2012-09-19 南京师范大学 Solar-driven refrigerating system of electric automobile seats
CN103604251A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-02-26 浙江大学 Double-arrangement type heat pump solar industrial boiler thermodynamic system and method thereof
CN106352558A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-25 上海理工大学 Solar instant heat pump water heater
CN113188210A (en) * 2018-12-12 2021-07-30 湖南东尤水汽能热泵制造有限公司 Solar energy and air energy phase-change heat storage type central air-conditioning system
CN110848837A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-02-28 重庆大学 Solar semiconductor refrigeration and jet refrigeration combined air conditioning system
CN110848837B (en) * 2019-10-18 2021-06-22 重庆大学 Solar semiconductor refrigeration and jet refrigeration combined air conditioning system
CN110671826A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-01-10 江苏省瑞丰盐业有限公司 Solar energy utilization device for elevating temperature of brine entering tank during salt preparation of mine salt

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Application publication date: 20120328