CN202810714U - Self-swing type shackle device - Google Patents

Self-swing type shackle device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202810714U
CN202810714U CN 201220502430 CN201220502430U CN202810714U CN 202810714 U CN202810714 U CN 202810714U CN 201220502430 CN201220502430 CN 201220502430 CN 201220502430 U CN201220502430 U CN 201220502430U CN 202810714 U CN202810714 U CN 202810714U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamper
swing arm
installing rack
pendulum
pilum
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220502430
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李卫
冯立杰
王东
赵振渠
赵健
张胜友
张世斌
单洪川
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan 1a Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Henan 1a Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201220173771.7 priority Critical
Priority to CN201220173771 priority
Application filed by Henan 1a Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Henan 1a Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201220502430 priority patent/CN202810714U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202810714U publication Critical patent/CN202810714U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a self-swing type shackle device which comprises a foundation column which is used for being vertically installed on one side of a drill rod when the self-swing type shackle device is used. The foundation column is provided with a swing arm which is used for swinging an axis of oscillation to be parallel to the axis of the corresponding drill rod when the swing arm is used. One end, far away from the foundation column, of the swing arm is fixedly provided with a clamp holder, and the clamp holder is provided with a clamp opening which enables pipe fittings to enter along the radial direction. The foundation column is provided with a swing driving device which drives the swing arm to reciprocating swing by circling the axis of oscillation. In the process of using, operators can control the swing of the swing arm by controlling the swing driving device, thereby achieving the automatic position finding of the clamp holder, being capable of controlling a drilling machine and shackling the drill rod by an operator, and solving the problem that the existing shackle device wastes the manpower.

Description

From the pendulum-type unscrewing device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the truck-mounted drilling rig field, and is especially a kind of from the pendulum-type unscrewing device.
Background technology
Truck-mounted drilling rig is CBM exploration and development, common device in the geological exploration field, existing truck-mounted drilling rig mostly comprises car body and is assemblied in unit head on the car body by mast, unit head is used to the work of creeping into of truck-mounted drilling rig that power is provided, during work, unit head links together by its joint and drill rod thread, when once creeping into when complete, often need to change drilling rod, under normal circumstances, when changing drilling rod, can be at first with drill-rod clamping, rotation by unit head realizes the dismounting to drilling rod, yet, because the effect of resistance tends to combine firmly with unit head, this just very difficulty only depends on the rotation of unit head to come dismounting drilling rod to seem that then some is unable to do what one wishes so that the dismantlement work of drilling rod seemed to drilling rod in the process of creeping into, therefore when concrete operations, often need at first drilling rod to be become flexible (shackle), and then come dismounting drilling rod by the rotation of unit head.
Application number is that the Chinese patent of 200520146626.X discloses a kind of drilling rod used break out device, this drilling rod used break out device comprises the upper of one on the other parallel interval setting, lower fixed seat and be located at clamper between the lower fixed seat, on, be respectively equipped with the clamp port that radially enters for for pipe fitting on the lower mount pad, clamper comprises that a slide reaches the two clamping oil cylinders that fixedly are assemblied on the slide, have the opening corresponding with described clamp port on the described slide, two clamping oil cylinders lay respectively at the both sides of described opening, slide is by on being located at, soffit and upper, circular arc slide rail between the lower mount pad and chute rotate and are assemblied in, between the lower mount pad, two clamping oil cylinders are by its cylinder body and slide secure fit separately, the end of the expansion link of the two extends in the opening and fixedly is equipped with pad for clamping pipe fitting under the driving of clamping oil cylinder, also be connected with two oscillating oil cylinders on the slide, the cylinder body turning hinge of oscillating oil cylinder connects and fits over, on the lower mount pad, the slide of its expansion link and slide clamper is hinged, and two oscillating oil cylinders from be connected on the slide an end to the other end gradually away from and form splayed, two oscillating oil cylinders are in the process of work, another retraction cylinder body when stretching out cylinder body of the expansion link of one of them, be action that correspondence pushes away in the two, the action that another correspondence is drawn.During work, by a pilum parallel with drilling rod and be horizontally disposed with and swing the side that the swing arm that is assemblied on the pilum is arranged on described clamper on drilling rod, by artificial promotion swing arm make clamper near or away from drilling rod, clamper just entangles drilling rod by its clamp port when swinging also near drilling rod with swing arm, then come holding drill pipe by two clamping hydraulic oil cylinder driving pads, drive clamper by two oscillating oil cylinders and rotate with respect to upper and lower mount pad, thereby become flexible drilling rod.Because described swing arm swings by artificial, need a people to control hydraulic cylinder when therefore working, another one people goes corresponding control cabinet place operation swing arm, needs at least two personal synergics just can finish, and has caused the waste of manpower.
Summary of the invention
It is a kind of from the pendulum-type unscrewing device that the purpose of this utility model is to provide, to solve the problem of existing unscrewing device waste of manpower.
In order to address the above problem, of the present utility model from the pendulum-type unscrewing device by the following technical solutions:
A kind of from the pendulum-type unscrewing device, comprise a swing arm, swing arm is installed with clamper away from an end place of pilum, and described clamper has the clamp port that radially enters for pipe fitting, and swing arm is provided with for driving the device for revolving and driving of swing arm around its axis of oscillation reciprocally swinging away from an end of clamper.
Described swing arm swings and is assemblied on the pilum, the axis of pilum is parallel with the axis of oscillation of swing arm, swing arm comprises the forearm that is assemblied on the pilum and the postbrachium that is fixed together with described clamper, in the described forward and backward arm one is provided with inserted link in the two adjacent end, another is provided with the sleeve corresponding with described inserted link, and described inserted link is pluggable to be assembled together and only to screw and close.
Described clamper fixedly is assemblied in the swing arm by the clamper installing rack that fixedly is assemblied in the swing arm, clamper has two and the one on the other interval setting of two clampers, being positioned at one of the top in two clampers is rotatably assorted and is in transmission connection by slide rail and chute and clamper installing rack and be useful on the oscillating oil cylinder of its rotation axis reciprocally swinging that rotates of driving, described oscillating oil cylinder is assemblied on the clamper installing rack, is positioned at the clamper of below in clamper installing rack secure fit.
Described oscillating oil cylinder has two, two oscillating oil cylinders from its be connected in separately on the corresponding clamper an end to the other end gradually near and form splayed, the cylinder sleeve that two oscillating oil cylinders pass through separately is articulated on the clamper installing rack, hinged with corresponding clamper by expansion link, hinge axes between oscillating oil cylinder and the clamper installing rack and all parallel with the pivot center of the clamper that is positioned at the top with the hinge axes between the clamper, one expansion link in two oscillating oil cylinders shrinks when another expansion link stretches out.
Handle post and the swing arm secure fit of described clamper installing rack by being connected with it, described handle post is parallel with pilum, the telescopic mast of handle post for being consisted of by guide pin bushing and guide pillar, guide pillar is actively plugged in vertically in the guide pin bushing and only screws with guide pin bushing and closes, be provided with retractable driving device between guide pin bushing and the guide pillar, the handle post is connected by its guide pin bushing and described swing arm.
Described pilum is for being located at the hollow column on the corresponding column for pluggable only rotation set.
Described device for revolving and driving is hydraulic motor, and hydraulic motor is rotationally connected by rotary reducer and swing arm.
Be provided with for driving the device for revolving and driving of swing arm around its axis of oscillation reciprocally swinging in its swing arm from the pendulum-type unscrewing device owing to of the present utility model, therefore, in use, the operator can control by controlling described device for revolving and driving the swing of swing arm, thereby realize the automatic alignment position of clamper, thereby can only depend on operating personnel to control rig and to drill rod fastener dismount, solved the problem of existing unscrewing device waste of manpower.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment 1 from the pendulum-type unscrewing device of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the right view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that is positioned in two clampers among Fig. 1 after of top removes upper cover plate;
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the top view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 7 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation that is positioned in two clampers among Fig. 1 after of below removes upper cover plate.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1 from the pendulum-type unscrewing device of the present utility model, shown in Fig. 1-8, comprise a pilum 21, pilum 21 is hollow square hole post, when needs with pilum 21 is vertical when being located at a certain position, realize by pilum 21 being set on the corresponding vertical square column of establishing, certainly, after putting corresponding square column, can realize simultaneously pilum 21 that only screwing of the two close, one side of pilum 21 is equipped with one on the other two ear seats 22 of interval setting, be provided with device for revolving and driving between the two ear seats 22 and be equipped with swing arm by what device for revolving and driving can swing, in the present embodiment, device for revolving and driving adopts hydraulic motor 42, hydraulic motor 42 is in transmission connection together by rotary reducer 43 and swing arm, the axis of oscillation of swing arm is parallel with the axis of pilum 21, axis conllinear with rotary reducer, device for revolving and driving can drive the angle that swing arm is set around its axis of oscillation reciprocally swinging, in addition, also be provided with the limited block 44 for the pendulum angle that limits swing arm on the pilum, limited block 44 can be controlled the relevant work position of swing arm accurately, in the present embodiment, swing arm is made of forearm 23 and postbrachium 24, before, postbrachium be board-like and the two between dismountable plug-in, specifically, being provided with endoporus at the side place near postbrachium 24 on the forearm 23 is square sleeve, postbrachium 24 is provided with the square inserted link corresponding with sleeve on the forearm, when the two connects, only need and to realize in the sleeve on the insertion of the inserted link on the postbrachium 24 forearm 23, simultaneously, because the endoporus of sleeve is square hole, inserted link is square, therefore when the two is pegged graft, just can realize only screwing closing, when need are taken the two apart, only need to get final product extracting the sleeve of the inserted link on the postbrachium 24 from forearm 23; Postbrachium 24 is fixedly connected with a handle post away from an end of forearm 23, the center line of handle post is parallel with the center line of pilum 21, in the present embodiment, the handle post is telescopic mast, comprise that guide pin bushing 25 and vertically guiding activity are assemblied in the guide pillar 26 in the guide pin bushing 25, the endoporus of guide pin bushing 25 is square hole, guide pillar 26 is square column, only screw after the two plugs together and close, be provided with retractable driving device between guide pillar 26 and the guide pin bushing 25, retractable driving device adopts hydraulically extensible cylinder 27, one end of hydraulically extensible cylinder 27 is articulated on the guide pillar, the other end is articulated on the guide pin bushing, guide pillars and bushes can realize under the driving of hydraulically extensible cylinder that stretching motion reaches the locking at desired location, be fixedly connected with between the guide pin bushing of postbrachium and telescopic mast, the lower end of the guide pillar of handle post is removable fixedly is equipped with clamper installing rack 28, be arranged at intervals with one on the other two clampers 29 on the clamper installing rack 28, one structure above being positioned in two clampers in the present embodiment is identical with the structure of the embodiment 1 of above-mentioned clamper, it comprises slide, slide comprises upper cover plate 31, lower cover 32 and vertical being located at, the left side of lower cover, the junction plate 33 of right both sides, on, lower cover all Y-shaped and between the two the removable of parallel interval be fixed together, on, be provided with between the lower cover and be equipped with on gripper jaw and the two for drilling rod, the clamp port that the pipe fittings such as the union of unit head radially enter, clamp port take the shape of the letter U and on, clamp port on the lower cover in correspondence with each other, in addition, clamp port on the upper cover plate is greater than the clamp port on the lower cover, gripper jaw comprises tooth sheet 34, tooth sheet 34 is located at the place, the left and right sides of clamp port and is connected with respectively clamping oil cylinder 35, in the present embodiment, tooth sheet 34 has two pairs, the every pair of tooth sheet has two and belong to two a pair of tooth sheets and form V-arrangement towards a side of clamp port, two pairs of tooth sheets form two relative V-arrangements of opening, every pair of tooth sheet all is assemblied in by same teeth sheet mount pad 36, between the lower cover, between the tooth sheet mount pad 36 at tooth sheet 34 and its place by being divided into the dovetail groove on the two and the fixture block corresponding with dovetail groove is connected together and the two guiding activity on above-below direction cooperates, simultaneously, the medial surface of the lower surface of tooth sheet 34 and lower cover 32 is slidingly matched, when needs are more grown permanent teeth sheet 34, tooth sheet 34 is drawn close to clamp port, because the clamp port on the upper cover plate is greater than the clamp port on the lower cover, therefore draw close and its upper side when not being subjected to the constraint of upper cover plate to clamp port when the tooth sheet, its downside is still by the lower cover holding, and only needing upwards to knock the tooth sheet that will change from the lower end this moment can unload it; Two clamping oil cylinders 35 are in transmission connection at a side and the tooth sheet mount pad that two tooth sheet mount pads 36 deviate from clamp port respectively, clamping oil cylinder 35 is the hydraulically extensible cylinder, have cylinder body and expansion link, two clamping oil cylinders 35 be oppositely arranged and the two cylinder body respectively flange be connected in, on the junction plate between the lower cover, the projecting end of its expansion link is then hinged with corresponding tooth sheet mount pad, when the expansion link of two clamping oil cylinders stretches out, connected tooth sheet mount pad is drawn close along linear pushing and to clamp port, thereby clamping enters the drilling rod in the clamp port, the pipe fittings such as the union of unit head, when the expansion link of two clamping oil cylinders is retracted, then can realize drilling rod, the release of the pipe fittings such as the union of unit head; Two tooth sheet mount pads 36 side place, front and back separately also is respectively equipped with pressure-bearing wall 37, pressure-bearing wall 37 is vertical to be located between the upper and lower cover plate and fixedly to be assemblied on the lower cover 32, each tooth sheet mount pad 36 cooperates with the pressure-bearing wall slide-and-guide of its both sides when movable with the clamping oil cylinder that is attached thereto, thereby can be passed on the corresponding pressure-bearing wall by the torsion resistance with to drill rod fastener dismount the time, and then prevent that the clamping oil cylinder from being twisted the generation of bad situation.One that is positioned at the top in two clampers is rotatably assorted with the upper mount pad 38, the lower mount pad 39 that are located on the clamper installing rack, upper and lower mount pad all is circular arc and has the opening corresponding with clamp port, above upper side and the upper mount pad of upper cover plate of clamper between and the downside of lower cover and the clamper of lower mount pad among above be arranged with corresponding circular arc slide rail and chute, being positioned at then be to be rotatably assorted by described slide rail and chute and clamper installing rack; In addition, one that is positioned at the top in two clampers is connected with oscillating oil cylinder 40, oscillating oil cylinder 40 is used for driving the clamper that is attached thereto and rotates around it axis reciprocally swinging on clamper installing rack 28, oscillating oil cylinder 40 adopts the hydraulically extensible cylinder, it has the cylinder body that is hinged on the clamper installing rack and the expansion link hinged with corresponding clamper, wherein oscillating oil cylinder and clamper installing rack reach with clamper between the hinge axes of hinged place all parallel with the axis of column; In the present embodiment, oscillating oil cylinder 40 has two, draw close gradually and form splayed from an end to the other end that is connected on the clamper between two oscillating oil cylinders 40, one expansion link in the two shrinks when another expansion link stretches out, thereby during a therein oscillating oil cylinder pulling slide rotation, promote slide by another oscillating oil cylinder and rotate, realize the dispersion to moment; In addition, be positioned in two clampers top one on also be provided with two suspension ring 41, suspension ring 41 have made things convenient for the lifting to clamper installing rack integral body; One that is positioned at the below in two clampers fixedly is assemblied on the clamper installing rack 28, owing to be the mode of employing and clamper installing rack secure fit, this clamper, as shown in Figure 8, only be that with the difference of clamper of its top it has saved by the gusset with hinge hole from a side of clamp port.
During use, can the unscrewing device integral body in above-described embodiment be fixed on by described pilum mast one side of rig, drive the swing arm swing and make clamper automatically find the drilling rod position by described device for revolving and driving, then regulate clamper to suitable height by described retractable driving device, clamp respectively the union of drilling rod and unit head by described two clampers, at this moment, drive the clamper be positioned at the top by oscillating oil cylinder and then can realize shackle to drilling rod, whole operating process can be by operating personnel's Long-distance Control, and is time saving and energy saving; When the loading and unloading transportation, can be with upper and lower arm and described telescopic mast and the clamper installing rack quick-detachment of described swing arm, convenient transportation.
In other embodiment of pendulum-type unscrewing device, above-mentioned can also adopt integral structure from the slide described in the embodiment 1 of pendulum-type unscrewing device of the present utility model, namely adopt the form of pad and pad mount pad being installed in the block punching; Described pad mount pad can also omit, and in such cases, can be integrally formed at the guide pad that corresponding pressure-bearing wall guiding cooperates at described pad; One that fixedly is assemblied on the clamper installing rack in described two clampers in addition can also be omitted; Also can directly the end of described swing arm away from clamper be assemblied on the mast of rig during use, in such cases, should guarantee that the center line of the axis of oscillation of swing arm and mast is parallel to each other.

Claims (7)

1. one kind from the pendulum-type unscrewing device, comprise a swing arm, swing arm is installed with clamper away from an end place of pilum, described clamper has the clamp port that radially enters for pipe fitting, it is characterized in that swing arm is provided with for driving the device for revolving and driving of swing arm around its axis of oscillation reciprocally swinging away from an end of clamper.
2. according to claim 1 from the pendulum-type unscrewing device, it is characterized in that, described swing arm swings and is assemblied on the pilum, the axis of pilum is parallel with the axis of oscillation of swing arm, swing arm comprises the forearm that is assemblied on the pilum and the postbrachium that is fixed together with described clamper, in the described forward and backward arm one is provided with inserted link in the two adjacent end, and another is provided with the sleeve corresponding with described inserted link, and described inserted link is pluggable to be assembled together and only to screw and close.
3. according to claim 1 from the pendulum-type unscrewing device, it is characterized in that, described clamper fixedly is assemblied in the swing arm by the clamper installing rack that fixedly is assemblied in the swing arm, clamper has two and the one on the other interval setting of two clampers, being positioned at one of the top in two clampers is rotatably assorted and is in transmission connection by slide rail and chute and clamper installing rack and be useful on the oscillating oil cylinder of its rotation axis reciprocally swinging that rotates of driving, described oscillating oil cylinder is assemblied on the clamper installing rack, is positioned at the clamper of below in clamper installing rack secure fit.
4. according to claim 3 from the pendulum-type unscrewing device, it is characterized in that, described oscillating oil cylinder has two, two oscillating oil cylinders from its be connected in separately on the corresponding clamper an end to the other end gradually near and form splayed, the cylinder sleeve that two oscillating oil cylinders pass through separately is articulated on the clamper installing rack, hinged with corresponding clamper by expansion link, hinge axes between oscillating oil cylinder and the clamper installing rack and all parallel with the pivot center of the clamper that is positioned at the top with the hinge axes between the clamper, one expansion link in two oscillating oil cylinders shrinks when another expansion link stretches out.
5. according to claim 3 from the pendulum-type unscrewing device, it is characterized in that, handle post and the swing arm secure fit of described clamper installing rack by being connected with it, described handle post is parallel with pilum, the telescopic mast of handle post for being consisted of by guide pin bushing and guide pillar, guide pillar is actively plugged in vertically in the guide pin bushing and only screws with guide pin bushing and closes, and is provided with retractable driving device between guide pin bushing and the guide pillar, and the handle post is connected by its guide pin bushing and described swing arm.
6. each describedly is characterized in that from the pendulum-type unscrewing device according to claim 2-5, and described pilum is located at hollow column on the corresponding column for being used for the pluggable rotation set that ends.
7. each describedly is characterized in that from the pendulum-type unscrewing device described device for revolving and driving is hydraulic motor according to claim 2-5, and hydraulic motor is rotationally connected by rotary reducer and swing arm.
CN 201220502430 2012-04-23 2012-09-28 Self-swing type shackle device Expired - Fee Related CN202810714U (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201220173771.7 2012-04-23
CN201220173771 2012-04-23
CN 201220502430 CN202810714U (en) 2012-04-23 2012-09-28 Self-swing type shackle device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220502430 CN202810714U (en) 2012-04-23 2012-09-28 Self-swing type shackle device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202810714U true CN202810714U (en) 2013-03-20

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ID=47869612

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220502430 Expired - Fee Related CN202810714U (en) 2012-04-23 2012-09-28 Self-swing type shackle device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202810714U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103527120A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 镇江安达煤矿专用设备有限公司 Drilling machine clamp holder
CN104153726A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-11-19 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Novel iron roughneck supporting arm and iron roughneck comprising the same
CN104329033A (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-02-04 北京建筑机械化研究院 Automatic clamping device for hexagonal connector drill rod

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103527120A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 镇江安达煤矿专用设备有限公司 Drilling machine clamp holder
CN104153726A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-11-19 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Novel iron roughneck supporting arm and iron roughneck comprising the same
CN104153726B (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-04-13 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 A kind of Novel iron driller supporting arm and comprise the iron driller of this supporting arm
CN104329033A (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-02-04 北京建筑机械化研究院 Automatic clamping device for hexagonal connector drill rod

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130320

Termination date: 20140928

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model