CN202791562U - Red, blue, far-red and ultraviolet patch LED (Light Emitting Diode) light supplement lamp band - Google Patents

Red, blue, far-red and ultraviolet patch LED (Light Emitting Diode) light supplement lamp band Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202791562U
CN202791562U CN201220520108XU CN201220520108U CN202791562U CN 202791562 U CN202791562 U CN 202791562U CN 201220520108X U CN201220520108X U CN 201220520108XU CN 201220520108 U CN201220520108 U CN 201220520108U CN 202791562 U CN202791562 U CN 202791562U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
red
light
led
supplement lamp
far
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201220520108XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周国泉
徐一清
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Zhejiang A&F University ZAFU
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Zhejiang A&F University ZAFU
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Priority to CN201220520108XU priority Critical patent/CN202791562U/en
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Publication of CN202791562U publication Critical patent/CN202791562U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a red, blue, far-red and ultraviolet patch LED (Light Emitting Diode) light supplement lamp band. The lamp band comprises a voltage stabilizing circuit (7), an illumination control circuit (10), a nixie tube display circuit (11), a constant current drive circuit (8) and a red, blue, far-red and ultraviolet patch LED serial-parallel circuit (9); a lamp body comprises a switching power supply (1), an LED light source controller (3), a waterproof transparent PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) fitting sleeve (6) and LEDs (5) from top to bottom; and the LEDs (5) are uniformly arranged in two rows at equal intervals. The light supplement lamp band adopts the red, blue and far-red patch LEDs as a light source, the uniform illumination degree of red, blue, far-red and ultraviolet lights is improved, the spatial arrangement and wiring modes of the LEDs are simplified, and a space utilization rate is improved; in addition, a red and blue light flux ratio (R/B) and a red and far-red light flux ratio (R/FR) of the light supplement lamp band can be finely adjusted; and the light supplement lamp band can be flexibly inserted into or wound among plants and can meet the demands of different plants and different plant parts on different illumination intensities in details so as to improve photosynthesis effects. The light supplement lamp band has the advantages of simplicity in structure, low power consumption, long service life, convenience for maintenance and the like.

Description

The outer four look paster LED light-supplement lamp bands of red indigo plant purple far away
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of photosynthesis irradiation light that is suitable for doing indoor environment, specifically the outer four look paster LED light filling flexible light bands of a kind of red indigo plant purple far away.
Background technology
CN202109287 discloses the applicant's " the four look LED light-supplement lamp bands that the ruddiness intensity of illumination is adjustable " patent, in the fit cover of a waterproof, to arrange two row paster LEDs, it is one group that the first row paster LED is followed successively by red-light LED, far-red light LED, blue-ray LED three coloured light from left to right equidistantly, at least two groups, it is one group that the second row paster LED is followed successively by far-red light LED, red-light LED, ultraviolet leds three coloured light from left to right equidistantly, at least two groups, the first row is corresponding one by one with the second row paster LED, proper alignment.This light-supplement lamp band adopts four colour cells to close light filling, favourable to plant stem-leaf growth, increase plant height, the propagation of minimizing disease and pest and enhancing plant phototaxis, flexibility can be interted or twine between plant, makes light compensating lamp have more the specific aim of period and the versatility of plant, has improved the photosynthesis effect.But this lamp is owing to be to adopt four kinds of monochromatic light LED to be arranged in a combination, and it is even not to cause ruddiness, blue light, far-red light and ultraviolet light to mix in the space, fails to reach the perfect condition of natural lighting.
The utility model content
For the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art, problem to be solved in the utility model provides the outer four look paster LED light-supplement lamp bands of a kind of red indigo plant purple far away.
The technical scheme that solves the problems of the technologies described above employing is: this is used for the outer four look paster LED light-supplement lamp bands of indoor photosynthetic red indigo plant purple far away, be comprised of circuit and hardware two parts, circuit part comprises the outer four look paster LED series-parallel circuits of mu balanced circuit, illumination control circuit, digital pipe display circuit, constant-current drive circuit and red indigo plant purple far away; Hardware components comprises Switching Power Supply, led light source controller, the fit cover of waterproof transparent PVC and LED from top to bottom.LED is installed in the fit cover of waterproof transparent PVC, and it is equidistantly evenly distributed to be two row, and the central row spacing of each adjacent LED is 1.0cm, and the central series spacing is 1.0cm.
Said Switching Power Supply is the isolated DC Switching Power Supply, and input voltage is 100-240V, and output voltage is 24V, and output current is 0-3.2A.
Said led light source controller comprises enhancement mode 51 single-chip microcomputer Master control chips, charactron display floater, push-button array and time switch module.
Said LED is the outer four look paster LEDs of the red indigo plant of octal purple far away, red light wavelength 637nm wherein, bandwidth 12nm, luminous intensity 18cd (candela), standard operation electric current 10mA; Blue light wavelength 459nm, bandwidth 16nm, luminous intensity 4cd, standard operation electric current 20mA; Far-red light wavelength 735nm, bandwidth 20nm, luminous intensity 0.4cd, standard operation electric current 50mA; Ultraviolet wavelength 395nm, bandwidth 12nm, luminous intensity 0.1cd, standard operation electric current 20mA.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: adopt the outer four look paster LEDs of red indigo plant purple far away as light source, guarantee that red indigo plant red ultraviolet light far away is uniform irradiation in LED lamp pearl inside, compare with the existing light-supplement lamp band of the outer four kinds of monochromatic light paster LEDs combination of red indigo plant purple far away that adopts, illumination homogenising degree is improved; Because this light-supplement lamp band uses the paster LED of same specification, compare with the existing light-supplement lamp band of four kinds of specification paster LED combinations of red indigo plant red ultraviolet light far away that uses simultaneously, space arrangement and the mode of connection are simplified, and space availability ratio is improved.The red blue light light flux ratio (R/B) of this light-supplement lamp band all can meticulously be regulated with ruddiness far-red light light flux ratio (R/FR) in addition, flexibility can be interted or twine between plant, refinement different plants and the plant different parts demand to different illumination intensity, improved the photosynthesis effect, have simple in structure, power consumption is low, long service life, the advantage such as easy to maintenance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the utility model circuit theory diagrams.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment and with reference to accompanying drawing: referring to Fig. 1, the input of one Switching Power Supply 1 uses wire to be connected with external power source, the output of Switching Power Supply 1 is connected with led light source controller 3 by wire 2, and the output of led light source controller 3 is connected to LED5 in the flexible light band by wire 4.LED5 all is fixed in the fit cover 6 of waterproof transparent PVC.It is equidistantly evenly distributed that LED5 is two row, and the central row spacing of each adjacent LED is 1.0cm, and the central series spacing is 1.0cm.Then the rear parallel connection of connecting first of the ruddiness of LED, blue light, far-red light and ultraviolet light pin receives respectively in the drive circuit separately.The LED that selects is the outer four look paster LEDs of the red indigo plant of octal purple far away, red light wavelength 637nm wherein, bandwidth 12nm, luminous intensity 18cd, standard operation electric current 10mA; Blue light wavelength 459nm, bandwidth 16nm, luminous intensity 4cd, standard operation electric current 20mA; Far-red light wavelength 735nm, bandwidth 20nm, luminous intensity 0.4cd, standard operation electric current 50mA; Ultraviolet wavelength 395nm, bandwidth 12nm, luminous intensity 0.1cd, standard operation electric current 20mA.
Studies show that, the strongest zone of plant absorbing spectrum is that wavelength is the red light portion of 640-660nm and the blue light part that wavelength is 430-450nm, blue light is conducive to the growth of plant leaf blade, ruddiness is conducive to the growth of plant stem, wavelength is that the far-red light of 720-800nm is conducive to increase plant height, wavelength is phototaxis and the killing pathogenic bacteria virus that the ultraviolet light of 315-400nm is conducive to plant, reduce disease spread, therefore select the outer four look integrated LEDs of red indigo plant purple far away as the light source light filling its scientific basis to be arranged.Suitable ruddiness and blue light light flux ratio (R/B) are to cultivate the necessary condition of the sound plant of form, so this light compensating lamp is designed to the R/B ratio and can meticulously regulates.To 26 kinds of draft classes, 7 kinds of woodies, 8 kinds in field crop and artificial 20 kinds of photosynthesis tracing analysis of meteorological office, its R/B is than comprehensive average out to 1.84.So the R/B ratio of this LED light compensating lamp under the standard operation electric current is set as about 1.84, concrete visual plant culture kind is by regulating the pulse duty factor of ruddiness, blue light, far-red light and ultraviolet leds, to reach the purpose of regulation and control R/B ratio, R/FR ratio and ultraviolet light intensity.
Referring to Fig. 2, this light compensating lamp circuit has adopted the low pressure constant-current source.The 220V alternating current is exported the 24V DC voltage after Switching Power Supply 1, the one tunnel is connected to mu balanced circuit 7, and another road is connected to constant-current drive circuit 8.24V voltage is through R 1Step-down exports illumination control circuit 10 to after the LM7805 voltage stabilizing, be single-chip microcomputer IC 2Reliable operating voltage is provided.Constant-current drive circuit 8 output constant currents are to the outer four look paster LED series-parallel circuits 9 of red indigo plant purple far away, simultaneously ruddiness, blue light, far-red light and the ultraviolet light chip in the lightening LED lamp pearl.IC 3, IC 4, IC 5, IC 6Be constant-current driven chip, adopt be widely used at present, cheapness and the more stable PT4115 of performance.D 1, D 2, D 3, D 4Be fly-wheel diode, owing to be operated under the high-frequency impulse, adopt Schottky diode SS110.L 1, L 2, L 3, L 4Be inductor rectifier, be designed to 50 μ H.R 2, R 3, R 4, R 5Be sample resistance, control PT4115 output current size is generally calculated with following formula: R=0.1/I OutBecause ruddiness series-parallel circuit rated operational current is that 100mA is (take 8 series connection as 1 group, 10 groups of parallel connections are example, together lower), blue light series-parallel circuit rated operational current is 200mA, far-red light series-parallel circuit rated operational current is 500mA, ultraviolet light series-parallel circuit rated operational current is 200mA, so R in the ruddiness drive circuit 2Get 1.00 Ω, R in the blu-ray drives circuit 3Get 0.50 Ω, R in the far-red light drive circuit 4Get 0.20 Ω, R in the ultraviolet light drive circuit 5Get 0.50 Ω.。The DIM of PT4115 end can external pwm pulse or DC voltage light modulation, because the design adopts the PWM technology to regulate red blue far-red light intensity of illumination, so the external pwm signal by 3 outputs of led light source controller of DIM, set of frequency is 1000Hz.
Referring to Fig. 2, this light compensating lamp illumination control circuit 10 adopts enhancement mode 51 chip microcontroller.24V voltage exports illumination control circuit 10 to after mu balanced circuit 7 voltage stabilizings, for single-chip microcomputer IC2 provides reliable 5V operating voltage.IC 1Adopt three terminal regulator LM7805, IC 2Adopt single-chip microcomputer STC89C52RC, inner download control program is to realize red indigo plant red ultraviolet light light intensity regulating far away.The INT0 of single-chip microcomputer, INT1, T0 and the output of T1 pin are connected to respectively IC 3, IC 4, IC 5And IC 6DIM end.Button TB 1-TB 8Being respectively ruddiness brightness increases key, ruddiness brightness and reduces key, blue light brightness and increase key, blue light brightness and reduce key, far-red light brightness and increase that key, far-red light brightness reduce key, ultraviolet light brightness increases key and ultraviolet light brightness reduces key, be connected to the P1.1-P1.7 pin, can realize any brightness regulation in the red indigo plant red ultraviolet light 0-10 level scope far away.C 5And R 6Consist of reset circuit of SCM, when powering on to Program reset, C 5Available 10 μ F/25V electrochemical capacitors, R 6Use the 1K precision resistance.C 3, C 4And CR 1Consist of the single-chip microcomputer oscillating circuit, provide time reference, C 3And C 4Available 22pF ceramic disc capacitor, CR 1Available 12MHz crystal oscillator.
Referring to Fig. 2, the digital pipe display circuit 11 of this light compensating lamp is by four seven sections LED common anode charactron IC 7Form with four positive-negative-positive 9012 triodes.Take turns scan flow group of four figures pipe by control triode break-make and realize that dynamic scan shows.Font code information can show the brightness degree of ruddiness, blue light, far-red light and ultraviolet light in real time by the output of single-chip microcomputer P2 mouth, with convenient R/B ratio, R/FR ratio and the ultraviolet ray intensity regulated.

Claims (4)

1. outer four look paster LED light-supplement lamp bands of a red indigo plant purple far away, be comprised of circuit and hardware two parts, circuit part comprises the outer four look paster LED series-parallel circuits (9) of mu balanced circuit (7), illumination control circuit (10), digital pipe display circuit (11), constant-current drive circuit (8) and red indigo plant purple far away; Hardware components comprises Switching Power Supply (1), led light source controller (3), the fit cover of waterproof transparent PVC (6) and LED (5) from top to bottom, LED (5) is installed in the fit cover of waterproof transparent PVC (6), it is equidistantly evenly distributed to be two row, the central row spacing of each adjacent LED (5) is 1.0cm, and the central series spacing is 1.0cm.
2. the outer four look paster LED light-supplement lamp bands of red indigo plant as claimed in claim 1 purple far away is characterized in that said Switching Power Supply (1) is the isolated DC Switching Power Supply, and input voltage is 100-240V, and output voltage is 24V, and output current is 0-3.2A.
3. the outer four look paster LED light-supplement lamp bands of red indigo plant as claimed in claim 1 purple far away is characterized in that said led light source controller (3) comprises enhancement mode 51 single-chip microcomputer Master control chips, charactron display floater, push-button array and time switch module.
4. outer four look paster LED light-supplement lamp bands of red indigo plant as claimed in claim 1 purple far away, it is characterized in that said LED (5) is the outer four look paster LEDs of the red indigo plant of octal purple far away, red light wavelength 637nm wherein, bandwidth 12nm, luminous intensity 18cd, standard operation electric current 10mA; Blue light wavelength 459nm, bandwidth 16nm, luminous intensity 4cd, standard operation electric current 20mA; Far-red light wavelength 735nm, bandwidth 20nm, luminous intensity 0.4cd, standard operation electric current 50mA; Ultraviolet wavelength 395nm, bandwidth 12nm, luminous intensity 0.1cd, standard operation electric current 20mA.
CN201220520108XU 2012-10-10 2012-10-10 Red, blue, far-red and ultraviolet patch LED (Light Emitting Diode) light supplement lamp band Expired - Fee Related CN202791562U (en)

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CN201220520108XU CN202791562U (en) 2012-10-10 2012-10-10 Red, blue, far-red and ultraviolet patch LED (Light Emitting Diode) light supplement lamp band

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931429A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-07-23 云南云琦丹生物科技有限公司 Artificial light seedling culture method capable of promoting plant growth and differentiation

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931429A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-07-23 云南云琦丹生物科技有限公司 Artificial light seedling culture method capable of promoting plant growth and differentiation

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130313

Termination date: 20131010