CN202752972U - Spherical roller super-precise machine - Google Patents

Spherical roller super-precise machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202752972U
CN202752972U CN 201220479469 CN201220479469U CN202752972U CN 202752972 U CN202752972 U CN 202752972U CN 201220479469 CN201220479469 CN 201220479469 CN 201220479469 U CN201220479469 U CN 201220479469U CN 202752972 U CN202752972 U CN 202752972U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
slide block
rotating shaft
swing
cutter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201220479469
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王忠明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XINCHANG COUNTY CHENGBEN ROLLER BEARING CO Ltd
Original Assignee
XINCHANG COUNTY CHENGBEN ROLLER BEARING CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by XINCHANG COUNTY CHENGBEN ROLLER BEARING CO Ltd filed Critical XINCHANG COUNTY CHENGBEN ROLLER BEARING CO Ltd
Priority to CN 201220479469 priority Critical patent/CN202752972U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202752972U publication Critical patent/CN202752972U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a spherical roller super-precise machine and belongs to the field of bearing part super-finishing machining. A machining precision of an existing spherical roller is not high. According to the spherical roller super-precise machine, a workbench of a machine tool body is provided with a workpiece drive device, a cutter drive device, a workpiece support mechanism and an electronic control system. The workpiece drive device comprises a motor and a clamping installation mechanism which comprises a workpiece backup plate and a press-on mechanism. The workpiece backup plate is driven to rotate through the motor. The press-on mechanism comprises a press wheel and a press wheel drive mechanism. A workpiece clamping installation area is formed between the press wheel and the workpiece backup plate. The workpiece support mechanism is arranged below the workpiece clamping installation area. The cutter drive device comprises a sliding mechanism and a swing mechanism. The swing mechanism comprises a swing motor, a cutter clamping head, a clamping head seat and a swing spindle. The cutter clamping head is installed on the swing spindle and arranged above the workpiece clamping installation area. A spindle of the swing motor is connected with the swing spindle through a crank and rocker mechanism. The left and right, back and front, and up and down position of the cutter clamping head is adjusted through the sliding mechanism. The spherical roller super-precise machine improves machining precision.

Description

A kind of sphere roller superfine machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to bearing parts Ultraprecision Machining Technology field, and is especially relevant with a kind of sphere roller superfine machine.
Background technology
Spherical roller is that outline line is that circle, bus are the roller of evagination camber line, and the center-of-curvature line of all buses forms center of curvature face.The roller precision is the key factor that affects the roller bearing quality, and the main precision index of roller is the roughness and curvature shape of roller.Prior art mainly guarantees the roughness and curvature shape need of spherical roller, logarithmic curve roller and bearing with spherical outside surface lasso by two kinds of approach, the one, and the processing of light decorations, the 2nd, superfinishing.Present Superfinishing machine generally comprises vibrating mechanism and hyperbolic roller mechanism, vibrating mechanism drives oilstone and swings, two deflector rolls or two idler wheel mechanism drive workpiece rotating, on workpiece, carry out attrition process along bus contact swing by oilstone, but this Superfinishing machine only has tangent point of contact contact between oilstone and the roller surface after processing a period of time, thereby produces inhomogeneous cutting force destruction part curvature shape, affect the superfinishing precision, do not reached high-precision requirement.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is intended to overcome the existing not high defective of sphere roller superfine machine machining accuracy, and a kind of high accuracy sphere roller Superfinishing machine is provided.
For this reason, the utility model is by the following technical solutions: a kind of sphere roller superfine machine, comprise lathe bed, the lathe bed end face is set to workbench, it is characterized in that: described sphere roller superfine machine also comprises the work piece actuating device that is installed on the workbench, cutter driving device, workpiece support mechanism and electric-control system, work piece actuating device comprises motor and clamping mechanism, clamping mechanism comprises the workpiece backup plate and presses mechanism, the workpiece backup plate is rotated by motor-driven, press mechanism and comprise pinch roller and drive pinch roller with respect to the pinch roller driving mechanism of described workpiece backup plate forward-reverse, form the Workpiece clamping district between pinch roller and the workpiece backup plate; Described workpiece support mechanism is installed on below, Workpiece clamping district; Described cutter driving device comprises slipping mechanism and swing mechanism, slipping mechanism comprises the first slide block and the second slide block, the first slide block and workbench, all connect by the sliding guide mechanism pairing between the second slide block, the first slide block moving direction all is horizontal and mutually vertical with the second slide block moving direction, swing mechanism comprises oscillating motor, cutter chuck, base of the carrier head and swing rotating shaft, swinging rotating shaft vertically is installed in the axis hole of base of the carrier head by bearings, cutter chuck is installed on and swings rotating shaft and be positioned at top, described Workpiece clamping district, oscillating motor is installed on the base of the carrier head, the oscillating motor rotating shaft is connected with the swing rotating shaft by crank and rocker mechanism, the rotation of oscillating motor is converted into the rotation that swings rotating shaft, what swing the rotating shaft rotation rotates and reverse angle all less than 360 degree, connect by the sliding guide mechanism pairing between base of the carrier head and described the second slide block, the base of the carrier head glide direction is vertical, can be with the cutter chuck lifting and slide, the first slide block by slipping mechanism, the second slide block slippage can be regulated about cutter chuck, front and back and upper-lower position; The motor of described work piece actuating device, the oscillating motor of cutter driving device are by described electric control system controls.
As to technique scheme replenish and perfect, the utility model also comprises following technical scheme.
Described cutter chuck is provided with Cutting tool installation manner section, the oilstone cutter that is installed on this Cutting tool installation manner section is adding man-hour and can only do the motion of cut workpiece bus, guarantee to make the working face of oilstone self-assembling formation to fit fully in any position and spherical roller superfinishing face, improve the superfinishing precision.
Described slipping mechanism also comprises the slippage driving mechanism that drives the first slide block and the second slide block slippage.
Described crank and rocker mechanism comprises eccentric wheel, connecting rod and rocking bar, and eccentric wheel is installed on the oscillating motor rotating shaft, and rocking bar is installed on the swing rotating shaft, connecting rod connecting eccentric wheel and rocking bar.
Described pinch roller driving mechanism comprises support, pivot lever and cylinder, the pivot lever middle part is supported by bearing pin and is installed on support, described pinch roller supports by axle pivot lever one end is installed, the pivot lever other end and cylinder piston rod are flexibly connected, the cylinder block position is fixed, rotate around bearing pin by the air cylinder driven pivot lever, the drive pinch roller was put a segment distance with the pivot lever end and was pressed against on the workpiece end face, and workpiece spindle is against the workpiece backup plate to pressing.
Described pivot lever quantity is two covers, be divided into described support both sides, corresponding described pinch roller quantity also has two, two pinch rollers pressing on workpiece end face a little lays respectively at the round heart of end face both sides and symmetrical, throw-on pressure to workpiece can compare balance, and when workpiece rotating, pinch roller is thereupon rotation also, make workpiece rotating steady, rotational resistance is little.
Described supporting mechanism comprises a gripper shoe, and the gripper shoe top arranges the V-arrangement opening.
Described supporting mechanism also comprises base plate, be provided with center line on the base plate and be vertical mounting hole, base plate is fixedly mounted on the described workbench by the screw that is threaded onto mounting hole, gripper shoe is installed on the base plate, can adjust the installation site of base plate according to the length of workpiece, make gripper shoe can be supported in the workpiece middle part.
Described sphere roller superfine machine is provided with automatic loading and unloading mechanism, realizes the automatic loading and unloading of workpiece.
Described work piece actuating device, cutter driving device, workpiece support mechanism quantity all are two covers, are arranged symmetrically with at same workbench, by same electric control system controls, improve mechanism's utilization rate, Cost reduction.
When the utility model uses, workpiece one end is resisted against the workpiece backup plate, the other end is pressed by pinch roller, and the middle part is supported by gripper shoe V-arrangement opening, realizes Workpiece clamping, starter motor, workpiece rotates with motor, and the cutter chuck that oilstone will be installed by slipping mechanism is adjusted to the workpiece top, is driven by oscillating motor and swings the rotating shaft rotation, band swings with cutter chuck, and oilstone is ground at the surface of the work reciprocally swinging of rotation; After finishing processing, pinch roller leaves workpiece end face, takes off workpiece, again inserts unprocessed workpiece, carries out the processing of a new round.
Use the utility model can reach following beneficial effect: the utility model adopts pinch roller to press the Workpiece clamping mode of workpiece end face, and clamping workpiece is convenient; The cutter driving device that adopts the position can slippage to adjust, swing rotating shaft realization oilstone oscillating spindle axis and the work spindle axial location spacing of cutter driving device are adjustable, can guarantee the working face of oilstone self-assembling formation is fitted fully in any position and spherical roller superfinishing face, improve the superfinishing precision, and can process the not irregular spherical roller of separated time in roller axis of center of curvature face.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is front view of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is right view of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model method is described in detail.
Such as Fig. 1~shown in Figure 3, the utility model comprises lathe bed 1, work piece actuating device, cutter driving device, workpiece support mechanism, automatic loading and unloading mechanism and electric-control system, lathe bed 1 end face is set to workbench 3, work piece actuating device comprises motor 4 and clamping mechanism, clamping mechanism comprises workpiece backup plate 2 and presses mechanism, workpiece backup plate 2 drives rotation by motor 4, motor 4 is supported by motor support base and is installed on the workbench, press mechanism and comprise pinch roller 14 and pinch roller driving mechanism, the pinch roller driving mechanism drives pinch roller 14 with respect to workpiece backup plate 2 forward-reverses, make and form the Workpiece clamping district between pinch roller 14 and the workpiece backup plate 2, the pinch roller driving mechanism comprises support 18, pivot lever 15 and cylinder 17, pivot lever 15 quantity are two covers, pivot lever 15 middle parts are supported by bearing pin 19 and are installed on the support both sides, each pivot lever 15 1 end supports by axle a pinch roller 14 is installed, pivot lever 15 other ends and cylinder piston rod are flexibly connected, the cylinder body of cylinder 17 is installed on the workbench, rotate around bearing pin 19 by cylinder 17 drive rocker parts 15, drive pinch roller 14 was put a segment distance with pivot lever 15 ends and was pressed against on the workpiece end face, workpiece spindle is against workpiece backup plate 2 to pressing, two pinch rollers 14 pressing on workpiece end face a little lays respectively at the round heart of end face both sides and symmetrical, throw-on pressure to workpiece can compare balance, when workpiece rotating, pinch roller 14 is thereupon rotation also, make workpiece rotating steady, rotational resistance is little; Workpiece support mechanism is installed on below, Workpiece clamping district, comprise gripper shoe 20 and base plate 21, gripper shoe 20 tops arrange the V-arrangement opening, be provided with center line on the base plate 21 and be vertical mounting hole, base plate 21 is fixedly mounted on the workbench by the screw that is threaded onto mounting hole, gripper shoe 20 is installed on the base plate 21 by sliding guide mechanism, gripper shoe 20 can adjust with respect to about workpiece backup plate 2, front and back, upper-lower position, guarantee to be supported in the workpiece middle part; Cutter driving device comprises slipping mechanism and swing mechanism, slipping mechanism comprises the first slide block 16, the second slide block 11 and slippage driving mechanism, the first slide block 16 and workbench 3, all connect by the sliding guide mechanism pairing between the second slide block 11, the first slide block 16 moving directions all are horizontal and mutually vertical with the second slide block 11 moving directions, the slippage driving mechanism drives the first slide block 16 and the second slide block 12 carries out slippage, swing mechanism comprises oscillating motor 6, cutter chuck 13, base of the carrier head 5, swing rotating shaft 10 and crank and rocker mechanism, swinging rotating shaft 10 vertically is installed in the axis hole of base of the carrier head 5 by bearings, cutter chuck 13 is installed on and swings rotating shaft 10 and be positioned at top, Workpiece clamping district, cutter chuck 13 is provided with Cutting tool installation manner section, the oilstone cutter 12 that is installed on this Cutting tool installation manner section is adding man-hour and can only do the motion of cut workpiece bus, oscillating motor 6 is installed on the base of the carrier head 5, crank and rocker mechanism comprises eccentric wheel 7, connecting rod 8 and rocking bar 9, eccentric wheel 7 is installed on the oscillating motor rotating shaft, rocking bar 9 is installed on and swings rotating shaft 10, connecting rod 8 connecting eccentric wheels 7 and rocking bar 9, the rotation of oscillating motor 6 is converted into the rotation that swings rotating shaft 10, what swing rotating shaft 10 rotations rotates and reverse angle all less than 360 degree, connect by the sliding guide mechanism pairing between base of the carrier head 5 and the second slide block 11, base of the carrier head 5 glide directions are vertical, can be with cutter chuck 13 liftings and slide, the first slide block 16 by slipping mechanism, the second slide block slippage 11 can be regulated cutter chuck about 13, front and back and upper-lower position; Work piece actuating device, cutter driving device, workpiece support mechanism quantity all are two covers, are arranged symmetrically with at same workbench, are connected with same electric-control system and by its control, improve mechanism's utilization rate, Cost reduction.
When the utility model uses, workpiece one end is resisted against workpiece backup plate 2, the other end is pressed by pinch roller 14, and the middle part is supported by the V-arrangement opening of gripper shoe 20, realizes Workpiece clamping, starter motor 4, workpiece is with motor 4 rotations, and the cutter chuck 13 that oilstone will be installed by slipping mechanism is adjusted to the workpiece top, is driven by oscillating motor 6 and swings the rotating shaft rotation, band swings with cutter chuck 13, and oilstone is ground at the surface of the work reciprocally swinging of rotation; After finishing processing, pinch roller 14 leaves workpiece end face, takes off workpiece, again inserts unprocessed workpiece, carries out the processing of a new round.

Claims (10)

1. sphere roller superfine machine, comprise lathe bed (1), lathe bed (1) end face is set to workbench (3), it is characterized in that: described sphere roller superfine machine also comprises the work piece actuating device that is installed on the workbench (3), cutter driving device, workpiece support mechanism and electric-control system, work piece actuating device comprises motor (4) and clamping mechanism, clamping mechanism comprises workpiece backup plate (2) and presses mechanism, press mechanism and comprise pinch roller (14) and drive pinch roller (14) with respect to the pinch roller driving mechanism of workpiece backup plate (2) forward-reverse, form the Workpiece clamping district between pinch roller (14) and the workpiece backup plate (2); Described workpiece support mechanism is installed on below, Workpiece clamping district; Described cutter driving device comprises slipping mechanism and swing mechanism, slipping mechanism comprises the first slide block (16) and the second slide block (11), the first slide block (16) and workbench (3), all connect by the sliding guide mechanism pairing between the second slide block (11), the first slide block (16) moving direction all is horizontal and mutually vertical with the second slide block (11) moving direction, swing mechanism comprises oscillating motor (6), cutter chuck (13), base of the carrier head (5) and swing rotating shaft (10), swinging rotating shaft (10) vertically is installed in the axis hole of base of the carrier head (5) by bearings, cutter chuck (13) is installed on and swings rotating shaft (10) and be positioned at top, Workpiece clamping district, oscillating motor (6) is installed on the base of the carrier head (5), the oscillating motor rotating shaft is connected with swing rotating shaft (10) by crank and rocker mechanism, what swing rotating shaft (10) rotation rotates and reverse angle all less than 360 degree, connect by the sliding guide mechanism pairing between base of the carrier head (5) and the second slide block (11), base of the carrier head (5) glide direction is vertical, the motor of described work piece actuating device (4), the oscillating motor of cutter driving device (6) is by electric control system controls.
2. a kind of sphere roller superfine machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cutter chuck (13) is provided with Cutting tool installation manner section, and the oilstone cutter that is installed on this Cutting tool installation manner section is adding man-hour and can only do the motion of cut workpiece bus.
3. a kind of sphere roller superfine machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described slipping mechanism also comprises the slippage driving mechanism that drives the first slide block (16) and the second slide block (11) slippage.
4. a kind of sphere roller superfine machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described crank and rocker mechanism comprises eccentric wheel (7), connecting rod (8) and rocking bar (9), eccentric wheel (7) is installed on the oscillating motor rotating shaft, rocking bar (9) is installed on and swings rotating shaft (10), connecting rod (8) connecting eccentric wheel (7) and rocking bar (9).
5. according to claim 1 or 4 described a kind of sphere roller superfine machines, it is characterized in that: described pinch roller driving mechanism comprises support (18), pivot lever (15) and cylinder, pivot lever (15) middle part is supported by bearing pin (19) and is installed on support (18), pinch roller (14) supports by axle and is installed on pivot lever (15) one ends, the piston rod of pivot lever (15) other end and cylinder (17) is flexibly connected, and cylinder (17) cylinder body position is fixed.
6. a kind of sphere roller superfine machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described pivot lever (15) quantity is two covers, is divided into support (18) both sides, corresponding pinch roller (14) quantity also has two; Two pinch rollers (14) pressing on workpiece end face a little lays respectively at the round heart of end face both sides and symmetrical.
7. according to claim 1 or 6 described a kind of sphere roller superfine machines, it is characterized in that: described supporting mechanism comprises a gripper shoe (20), and gripper shoe (20) top arranges the V-arrangement opening.
8. a kind of sphere roller superfine machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described supporting mechanism also comprises base plate (21), be provided with center line on the base plate (21) and be vertical mounting hole, base plate (21) is fixedly mounted on the workbench (3) by the screw that is threaded onto mounting hole, and gripper shoe (20) is installed on the base plate (21).
9. a kind of sphere roller superfine machine according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described sphere roller superfine machine is provided with automatic loading and unloading mechanism.
10. a kind of sphere roller superfine machine according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: described work piece actuating device, cutter driving device, workpiece support mechanism quantity all are two covers, be arranged symmetrically with at same workbench (3), by same electric control system controls.
CN 201220479469 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 Spherical roller super-precise machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN202752972U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220479469 CN202752972U (en) 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 Spherical roller super-precise machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220479469 CN202752972U (en) 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 Spherical roller super-precise machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202752972U true CN202752972U (en) 2013-02-27

Family

ID=47732167

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220479469 Withdrawn - After Issue CN202752972U (en) 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 Spherical roller super-precise machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202752972U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103029027A (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-04-10 新昌县诚本轴承滚子有限公司 Super-finishing machine for spherical bearing roller
CN105479321A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-04-13 常州大学 Machining device of crowned roller

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103029027A (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-04-10 新昌县诚本轴承滚子有限公司 Super-finishing machine for spherical bearing roller
CN103029027B (en) * 2012-09-19 2015-07-08 新昌县诚本轴承滚子有限公司 Super-finishing machine for spherical bearing roller
CN105479321A (en) * 2015-11-28 2016-04-13 常州大学 Machining device of crowned roller
CN105479321B (en) * 2015-11-28 2018-07-17 常州大学 A kind of processing unit (plant) of crowned roller

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GR01 Patent grant
RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130227

Effective date of abandoning: 20150708