CN202702365U - Wallboard machine - Google Patents

Wallboard machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202702365U
CN202702365U CN 201220019155 CN201220019155U CN202702365U CN 202702365 U CN202702365 U CN 202702365U CN 201220019155 CN201220019155 CN 201220019155 CN 201220019155 U CN201220019155 U CN 201220019155U CN 202702365 U CN202702365 U CN 202702365U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mortar
concrete
worm
wallboard
plate
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220019155
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张兴汉
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张兴汉
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Priority to CN 201220019155 priority Critical patent/CN202702365U/en
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Publication of CN202702365U publication Critical patent/CN202702365U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of building machinery and discloses a wallboard machine used to manufacture buildings of large panel structure. The wallboard machine comprises a concrete feeding device, a concrete paving device, a mortar feeding device, a mortar paving device, a mortar leveling device, a board polishing device, running devices, a hydraulic device, a left side mould, a right side mould, a front baffle plate, a back baffle plate, an internal shock excitation device and a track. The mortar paving device is arranged below a discharge port of the mortar feeding device, the concrete paving device is arranged below a discharge port of the concrete feeding device, the running devices are respectively arranged on two sides of the concrete paving device and the mortar paving device, and the back end of the concrete paving device is connected with a scraping plate. Door and window openings can be arranged in wallboards of the large panel structure manufactured by the wallboard machine. The wallboard machine has the function of producing the wallboards in full automation mode, and has the advantages of being high in construction efficiency and low in cost. The manufactured wallboards are high in strength, and the dismantled wallboards can be recycled.

Description

Wallboard machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to the building machinery field, relates in particular to the wallboard machine in a kind of large panel structure house.
Background technology
A large amount of building wastes that China's Development of China's Urbanization fast development and reconstruction of village-in-city, the old house of dismounting produce are landfilled to later development and cause a hidden trouble, and What is more with the arbitrarily disorderly impact of falling welding traffic of building waste the dead of night.Simultaneously continuous prosperity and the development of modern architecture, increasing house is rebuilt, increasing vacant lot is developed, but for the building troop that used total man's power in the past, the demand that has been out of step with the times far away, especially for six layers of rural area with the construction of lower room of tradition, still adopt the architectural design of brick mix structure, utilize manpower to build a wall, and need stand in operation on the scaffold, not only labour intensity is large, and very dangerous, especially under the abominable condition of weather environment, such as in the summer of heat or the winter of cold weather, operating personnel for construction is a cruel test, and at sleety weather, and the subzero temperature all can not normal construction.Simultaneously, at the construction field (site), the raw-material accumulations such as fragment of brick, stone, sand, cement and reinforcing bar of using, have influence on construction traffic and appearance on every side, especially the fragment of brick of still still making with clay that uses, the a large amount of use causes having damaged large stretch of good farmland and is cost, destroyed the natural ecological balance.In addition, rarely have now study tiler's younger generation, for the construction troop that utilizes manpower, the division of history into periods causes human resources to need greater than confession, thereby the expenses of labour that causes building rises year by year.Rising steadily of construction costs then increased the weight of owner's burden economically.Simultaneously, if run into the government planning land resource house of need to removing, the material after then removing is basically all destroyed, can not reuse, thereby cause the waste of resource.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model embodiment is: a kind of wallboard machine is provided, has full-automatic function of producing whole facing-wall board, and have that efficiency of construction is high, cost is low, the wallboard intensity of producing is high, and the wallboard after the dismounting can also reuse the more important thing is that its used aggregate is the regeneration aggregate of building waste.
A kind of wallboard machine that the utility model embodiment provides comprises that concrete feeding unit, concrete speading device, mortar drawing-in device, mortar spreading device, mortar revolve leveling device, the plate face is received electro-optical device, running gear, hydraulic means, left and right sides side form, front and rear baffle, interior exciting device, crossbeam and track; Described mortar spreading device is positioned at the below of described mortar drawing-in device discharging opening; Described concrete speading device is positioned at the below of described concrete feeding unit discharging opening; Described running gear lays respectively at the both sides of described concrete speading device and mortar spreading device, and described concrete speading device rear end is connected with strike-off stick; Described mortar spreading device also is connected with mortar and revolves leveling device; Described front and rear baffle has corresponding uniform through hole, and described front and rear baffle and described left and right sides mould composition wallboard processed is complete framed; Described interior exciting device is comprised of the ticker of hollow circular-tube and the inside, and described hollow circular-tube is uniformly distributed in described framed inside, and the external diameter of described hollow circular-tube than the internal diameter of described through hole less than 2 ~ 3 millimeters.Described hydraulic means places respectively the crossbeam two ends, and it plays the effect of hydraulic ejection matched moulds; It is symmetrical as symmetry axis with described mortar spreading device and concrete speading device that described plate face receipts electro-optical device and described mortar revolve leveling device; One end of the hollow circular-tube in the described interior exciting device and oil cylinder one end in the described hydraulic means all are connected on the same crossbeam; The flat connection on described track and the described front and rear baffle top.
Optionally, described plate face is received electro-optical device and is comprised spring, worm-and-wheel gear, cam, receipts tabula rasa and lifter.
Optionally, described cam is positioned at the bottom that described plate face is received electro-optical device; Described worm-and-wheel gear comprises worm gear, worm and worm wheel axle; Described lifter is positioned at the top of described spring; Described spring is positioned at described receipts tabula rasa top, and described ring spring is around on the described worm-wheel shaft; Described cam is positioned at the bottom of described worm-wheel shaft; Described receipts tabula rasa be positioned at described cam below.
Optionally, spring, worm-and-wheel gear, cam and lifter that described plate face is received in the electro-optical device respectively are provided with two covers, and described receipts tabula rasa only has a cover, and described receipts tabula rasa only has a cover.
Therefore, using the technical scheme of the utility model embodiment, is in order to solve the existing building construction when making wall, and the manpower construction intensity is large, efficient is low, and operating environment is poor, cost is high and solved the building waste contaminated environment and traditional building a house ruined the problem in good farmland with clay brick.Wallboard machine described in the utility model comprises concrete feeding unit, concrete speading device, mortar drawing-in device, mortar spreading device, hydraulic means, left and right sides side form, front apron, interior exciting device and track.Described concrete feeding unit is used for the splendid attire concrete, and with the concrete that stirs by driving rotation and under the spiral inner wall effect, send in the described concrete speading device by discharging opening, described concrete speading device will revolve from the concrete that concrete feeding unit is sent and push in framed that described left and right sides side form and front and rear baffle form.Described framed length, wide, Gao Weixu makes the size dimension of wallboard, described concrete feeding unit all is at the uniform velocity to move to the framed relative other end from a framed end with described concrete speading device, namely when described concrete feeding unit is gone to the relative other end with described concrete speading device from a framed end, concrete in the described concrete feeding unit pack into fully described framed in, strike-off stick strikes off the concrete that paves to the height of design simultaneously, concrete level height after striking off will exceed the 50-60 millimeter than framed height, and described running gear is walked out on the described framed outer track, then start described interior exciting device, described interior exciting device is to be distributed in described framed interior hollow pipe, described pipe is before opening described concrete feeding unit, the through hole that passes described baffle plate enters described in framed, number is 40, during vibration, can divide five groups to vibrate successively, namely eight one group.After starting described interior exciting device, then the vibration of described pipe is so that the concrete that falls in framed is shaken closely knit, then start described hydraulic means, be close to respectively described crossbeam two ends for two of described hydraulic means, the built-in oil cylinder of described hydraulic means, described oil cylinder one end and described hollow circular-tube one end are connected on the same crossbeam, when touching the frame promotion to the back, the described oil cylinder that is distributed in the crossbeam two ends touches frame motionless, crossbeam then drives all described hollow circular-tubes and extracts out in the wallboard that shakes after getting well, then be evenly distributed with 40 holes in the wallboard this moment, at this moment, described hydraulic means is shut down; Then start described mortar drawing-in device and mortar spreading device, then described mortar falls in the described mortar spreading device from the discharging opening of described mortar drawing-in device, then under running gear drives, simultaneously start mortar from wallboard face one end to other end work through described mortar spreading device and revolve leveling device, and the direction of rotation of revolving plain-barreled roll that described mortar revolves leveling device is to be counter-rotating with described road wheel, so that push away the mortar that falls flat.When described mortar revolves under the driving of leveling device at described running gear when going to the other end from a described framed end, then at first pull the handle in the described lifter, put down the receipts tabula rasa, start to receive electro-optical device, restart described running gear, after then described running gear drives described plate face and receives electro-optical device and cover described framed whole plate face, whether the flatness and the fineness that check described wallboard upper surface is up to standard, if not up to standard, then continue to return receipts light, until up to standard.After up to standard, described running gear is driven described plate face to be received electro-optical device etc. and goes on the described framed outside track, then open backstop, make the mast plate that its disengaging makes and exceed above the wall 100 millimeter and then open hydraulic means, the oil cylinder that hydraulic means stretches out is shunk, drives described framed disengaging wallboard, and with the hollow circular-tube fit of previous disengaging, so far a complete wallboard is made, and second block of wallboard also is about to go into operation.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing described herein is used to provide further understanding of the present utility model, consists of the application's a part, does not consist of to improper restriction of the present utility model, in the accompanying drawings:
The structural representation sketch of a kind of wallboard machine that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model embodiment.
The specific embodiment
Describe the utility model in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment, be used for explaining the utility model in this illustrative examples of the present utility model and explanation, but not as to restriction of the present utility model.
Embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, wallboard machine described in the utility model, comprise concrete feeding unit 1, concrete speading device 2, mortar drawing-in device 7, mortar spreading device 8, running gear 3, hydraulic means 6, left and right sides side form 4, front and rear baffle 12(wherein front apron do not draw, draw for backboard 12), interior exciting device 5 and track 10.Described concrete feeding unit 1 is the agitator on the similar concrete delivery truck, and inwall is provided with spiral, during the splendid attire raw material, then turns clockwise, and then is rotated counterclockwise when giving described concrete speading device 2 feeding; Described mortar drawing-in device 7 is identical with described concrete feeding unit 1 structure, only size is less than described concrete feeding unit 1, and both shaft positions place in the same vertical plane, but (what need to any be described is disalignment: be structure diagram of the present utility model among Fig. 1, for the ease of signal, arrange about then both being drawn as).Described concrete speading device 2 is parallel arrangement with the shaft position of described mortar spreading device 8, does not work simultaneously.Described concrete speading device 2 and described scraper plate 13 are that the framed interior concrete speading that falls into described left and right sides side form 4 and described front and rear baffle 12 compositions is smooth, be unlikely to be uneven, same described mortar spreading device 8 and the described leveling device 9 that revolves are the lip-deep mortars of spread concrete.Described mortar spreading device 8 is positioned at the below of described mortar drawing-in device 7 discharging openings; Described concrete speading device 2 is positioned at the below of described concrete feeding unit 1 discharging opening.Described mortar spreading device 8 rear ends are connected with described mortar and revolve leveling device 9, revolving leveling device is provided with and revolves flat rod longitudinal leveling mechanism and revolve flat rod lifter, when when work moves the lifter handle and fall to rise when revolving flat rod inoperative and revolve flat rod, described mortar revolves leveling device 9 and is hollow round roller that can positive and negative rotation, work simultaneously the opposite direction that the direction that described mortar revolves leveling device 9 rotation and the road wheel of running gear 3 rotate with described mortar spreading device 8.It is further to make it smooth bright and clean metope after revolving flat mortar that described plate face is received electro-optical device 11, receives electro-optical device by spring 111, worm-and-wheel gear 112, cam 113, lifter 115 assemblys, 2 covers and receive 1141 on tabula rasa to form; It is that eccentric rotary by cam 113 drives described receipts tabula rasa 114 and does the circular motion that diameter is 10mm that described plate face is received electro-optical device 11, running gear 3 tractions that also are positioned at simultaneously described concrete speading device 2 and mortar spreading device 8 both sides move forward, so that described plate face is received electro-optical device 11 sidles described side form 4 from one of described left and right sides side form 4 opposite side; Described lifter 115 is when off working state, rising described receipts tabula rasa 114 from the height of the metope of below is 50mm, then pull the handle on the described lifter 115 during work, so that described lifter 115 descends, described lifter 115 is after decline, and described spring 111 passes to described receipts tabula rasa with pressure, so that 114 pairs of described metopes of described receipts tabula rasa produce an active force, and described active force is constant, then so that the receipts luminous intensity of 114 pairs of metopes of described receipts tabula rasa is consistent.If described metope is bright and clean not enough, level and smooth after for the first time receiving light, again makes described plate face receive electro-optical device 11 and return, namely to the described metope receipts light of having again, until described metope is bright and clean, smooth.Described concrete speading device 2 is connected with strike-off stick 13, and described strike-off stick 13 can be adjusted height.Walk about along with moving of described mixed earth lying device 2.Described interior exciting device 5 is comprised of a plurality of hollow circular-tube tickers, and described hollow circular-tube is uniformly distributed in described framed inside, is total up to 40, is divided into five groups, eight every group, is used for vibrating a group by a group so that be filled in described framed interior concrete compaction.Described hydraulic means 6 is close to respectively described crossbeam 14 two ends, and an end of the hollow circular-tube in the described interior exciting device 5 and an end of the oil cylinder in the described hydraulic means 6 are connected on the same crossbeam 14.After described interior exciting device 5 is finished vibration, need to break away from body of wall, namely driving crossbeam 14 by described hydraulic means 6 moves forward, described crossbeam 14 is equipped with liftable wheel support by the bottom, after described hydraulic means 6 was opened, the hollow pipe that then drives in the described interior exciting device 5 of described crossbeam 14 pullings broke away from body of wall.Put down and described front and rear baffle 12 top level connection joints at the end of described track 10.Described front apron 12 is to be fixed on side form 4 one ends of the described left and right sides, and backboard 12 is movable, when the needs demoulding, opens first rear plate washer 12 and breaks away from body of wall and be higher than plane 100 millimeter on the body of wall.After described hydraulic means 6 is opened, then drive the described crossbeam 14 described front aprons of pulling and left and right sides side form 4 and break away from the body of wall that makes and namely finish knockout course, last then make complete wallboard.
The structure that more than is wallboard machine described in the utility model is described, and below the course of work of wallboard machine is explained as follows:
At first concrete feeding unit 1 usefulness row is winched under the chute of concrete mixer, after the mixed earth that stirs is filled with the required consumption of a monoblock wallboard, and then be lifted on the wallboard machine described in the utility model, start described concrete feeding unit 1 and described concrete speading device 2, then described concrete feeding unit 1 begins to be rotated counterclockwise, concrete falls in the described concrete speading device 2 from the discharging opening of described concrete feeding unit 1,2 in described concrete speading device will fall in it concrete speading to described framed in.Concrete in the described concrete speading device 2 is to revolve from described front apron 12 to be pushed into described with it corresponding backboard 12.Then start described running gear 3,3 of described running gears drag described concrete speading device 2 is moved by side to described left and right sides side form 4 by one of described left and right sides side form 4 opposite side, cross the Cheng Qian at this, adjust in advance described strike-off stick 13, then in this process, running gear 3 drives described strike-off stick 13 concrete in framed is struck off, and then described concrete speading device 2 and concrete feeding unit 1 quit work.But described running gear 3 walks on and shuts down to described framed outside track 10; then start described interior exciting device 5; described interior exciting device 5 makes framed interior concrete compaction by vibration, so that do not have the slit between the concrete, the preliminary guarantee that provides for making firm wallboard.Then start described hydraulic means 6, described hydraulic means 6 is extracted all hollow circular-tubes in the described interior exciting device 5 out by crossbeam 14 from the described good wallboard that shakes, form uniform hole in the wallboard of this moment, described hole can play the effect of insulation, heat insulation, sound insulation to body of wall, also alleviated simultaneously the weight of described body of wall, save concrete, also provided convenience for laying electric power cable, communication cable, also be convenient to install the lifting suspension rod.And then start described mortar drawing-in device 7 and mortar spreading device 8, then described mortar at first falls in the described mortar spreading device 8 from the discharging opening of described mortar drawing-in device 7, then revolved from described front apron 12 by described mortar spreading device 8 and be pushed into rear plate washer 12, and then start described running gear 3 and described mortar revolves leveling device 9, described running gear 3 drives described mortar and revolves leveling device 9 is back to described left and right sides side form 4 from an end of described left and right sides side form 4 the other end (revolve plain-barreled roll and adjust the roller height with adjuster 15 in advance), and what described mortar revolved leveling device 9 revolves plain-barreled roll and each other counter-rotating of road wheel, so that the surface of described wallboard is more smooth.Revolve and pull lifter cam lifter 16 after having put down and rise and revolve flat rod, and then start described plate face and receive electro-optical device 11,3 of described running gears drive again described plate face and receive electro-optical device 11 runs to described left and right sides side form 4 from described left and right sides side form 4 one ends the other end, and be withdrawn on described framed 4 outside tracks 10, described plate face is received electro-optical device 11, and the surperficial turnery of described wallboard is smooth.Then check whether described surfaces of wall reaches standard, if do not have up to standardly, then continue to return receipts light, until up to standard.Then restarting rear shelves after up to standard makes its disengaging body of wall and is higher than plane 100 millimeter on the body of wall, then opening hydraulic means 6 shrinks its hydraulic cylinder to make described crossbeam 14 motionless, drive the wallboard that the left and right sides framed 4 and front apron and backboard 12 disengagings make, and hollow circular-tube 5 fits with the interior exciting device of extracting out before, so far, wallboard is made.Next piece wallboard can go into operation.First the crossbeam wheel being risen before opening hydraulic means increases crossbeam and traction, falls simultaneously to touch 5 millimeters on frame wheel and make and touch that frame disconnects and the frictional force on ground.
What need to any be described is that the raw material that wallboard machine described in the utility model adopts also comprises construction refuse regenerated aggregate, it is mixed with cement sand etc., so not only with twice laid, also saved land resource, because traditional clay brick is that to ruin the good farmland be firing of cost.
The above technical scheme that the utility model embodiment is provided is described in detail, used specific case herein principle and the embodiment of the utility model embodiment are set forth, the explanation of above embodiment is only applicable to help to understand the principle of the utility model embodiment; Simultaneously, for one of ordinary skill in the art, according to the utility model embodiment, all will change on the specific embodiment and range of application, in sum, this description should not be construed as restriction of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. wallboard machine is characterized in that:
Comprise that concrete feeding unit, concrete speading device, mortar drawing-in device, mortar spreading device, mortar revolve leveling device, the plate face is received electro-optical device, running gear, hydraulic means, left and right sides side form, front and rear baffle, interior exciting device, crossbeam and track;
Described concrete speading device is positioned at the below of described concrete feeding unit discharging opening;
Described mortar spreading device is positioned at the below of described mortar drawing-in device discharging opening;
Described running gear lays respectively at the both sides of described concrete speading device and mortar spreading device, and described concrete speading device rear end is connected with strike-off stick;
Described mortar spreading device also is connected with mortar and revolves leveling device;
Described front and rear baffle has corresponding through hole, and described front and rear baffle and described left and right sides mould composition wallboard processed is complete framed;
Described interior exciting device is comprised of the ticker in hollow circular-tube and the pipe, and described hollow circular-tube is uniformly distributed in described framed inside, and the external diameter of described hollow cylinder than the internal diameter of described through hole less than 2~3 millimeters;
Described hydraulic means is close to respectively the two ends of described crossbeam;
It is symmetrical as symmetry axis with described concrete speading device and mortar spreading device that described plate face receipts electro-optical device and described mortar revolve leveling device;
One end of the hollow circular-tube in the described interior exciting device and an end of described hydraulic means inner cylinder all are connected on the same crossbeam;
Described track and described front and rear baffle top level connection joint.
2. wallboard machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
Described plate face is received electro-optical device and is comprised spring, worm-and-wheel gear, cam, receipts tabula rasa and lifter.
3. wallboard machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that:
Described cam is positioned at the bottom that described plate face is received electro-optical device;
Described worm-and-wheel gear comprises worm gear, worm and worm wheel axle;
Described lifter is positioned at the top of described spring;
Described spring is positioned at described receipts tabula rasa top, and described ring spring is around in described worm-wheel shaft;
Described cam is positioned at the bottom of described worm-wheel shaft;
Described receipts tabula rasa is positioned at the bottom of described cam.
4. wallboard machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that:
Spring, worm-and-wheel gear, cam and lifter that described plate face is received in the electro-optical device are combined into two covers, and described receipts tabula rasa only has a cover.
CN 201220019155 2012-01-17 2012-01-17 Wallboard machine Expired - Fee Related CN202702365U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220019155 CN202702365U (en) 2012-01-17 2012-01-17 Wallboard machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220019155 CN202702365U (en) 2012-01-17 2012-01-17 Wallboard machine

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CN202702365U true CN202702365U (en) 2013-01-30

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CN 201220019155 Expired - Fee Related CN202702365U (en) 2012-01-17 2012-01-17 Wallboard machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103419281A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-04 乐居众普(北京)新型墙体材料有限公司 Production line of light partition boards
CN103448136A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-18 乐居众普(北京)新型墙体材料有限公司 Long-line flat mold for manufacturing light wall partition board

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103419281A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-04 乐居众普(北京)新型墙体材料有限公司 Production line of light partition boards
CN103448136A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-18 乐居众普(北京)新型墙体材料有限公司 Long-line flat mold for manufacturing light wall partition board
CN103419281B (en) * 2013-09-09 2015-08-05 乐居众普(北京)新型墙体材料有限公司 A kind of light cellular partition board production line

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130130

Termination date: 20140117

C17 Cessation of patent right