CN202688755U - Energy storage type valve-opening device in steam explosion machine - Google Patents

Energy storage type valve-opening device in steam explosion machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202688755U
CN202688755U CN 201220366239 CN201220366239U CN202688755U CN 202688755 U CN202688755 U CN 202688755U CN 201220366239 CN201220366239 CN 201220366239 CN 201220366239 U CN201220366239 U CN 201220366239U CN 202688755 U CN202688755 U CN 202688755U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
valve
opening
chamber
valve cylinder
energy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201220366239
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄振华
陆张峰
赵慧明
惠丽
束芳浩
施华军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGSU ASG EARTH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JIANGSU ASG EARTH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Application filed by JIANGSU ASG EARTH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical JIANGSU ASG EARTH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201220366239 priority Critical patent/CN202688755U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202688755U publication Critical patent/CN202688755U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an energy storage type valve-opening device in a steam explosion machine. The energy storage type valve-opening device is capable of greatly increasing a steam explosion effect and comprises a storage tank, wherein a sealing cover is arranged on a feeding port; a discharging port is in sealing connection with a side wall of a valve-opening barrel and is communicated with an inner cavity of the valve-opening barrel; a valve-opening barrel piston capable of sealing the discharging port is arranged in the inner cavity of the valve-opening barrel; the valve-opening barrel piston is in sealing contact with an inner cavity wall of the valve-opening barrel and can slide back and forth in the inner cavity; one end of the valve-opening barrel is in sealing connection with a valve-opening cylinder; the inner cavity of the valve-opening cylinder is sealed and separated from the inner cavity of the valve-opening barrel; the discharging port is arranged at the other end of the valve-opening barrel; the inner cavity of the valve-opening cylinder is separated into a pressurizing chamber and an energy-storing chamber by a valve-opening cylinder piston; a pressurizing chamber breather pipe is arranged on the side wall of the pressurizing chamber; an energy-storing chamber air inlet pipe is arranged on the side wall of the energy-storing chamber; a piston rod is connected between the valve-opening cylinder piston and the valve-opening barrel piston; and an air vent is arranged on the side wall of the valve-opening barrel.

Description

Energy-storage type in the Steam explosive machine is driven valve gear
Technical field
The utility model relates to all kinds of agricultural stalks is carried out the pretreated Steam explosive machine of physics explosion, refers more particularly to the valve gear of opening in the Steam explosive machine.
Background technology
Steam explosive machine is mainly used in brewed spirit at present, production of fodder, in the preprocessing process of the industries such as starch processing, it is the cellulose to various straw-like materials, hemicellulose, lignin carries out the pretreated equipment of physics explosion, its groundwork principle is: the stalk of chopping is put into the storing tank body, then in tank body, pass into high-temperature steam, pressurization keeps a period of time again, open rapidly at last tank body, material was produced in 0.01 second, material is realized the material inner cellulose in the instantaneous temperature reduction step-down, lignin, the purpose that hemicellulose etc. organize disjunction to separate.Can make bleeder valve open, make material to produce in moment in moment be the key technology that realize the quick-fried effect of vapour.The employed structure of driving valve gear comprises in the Steam explosive machine at present: be installed on the storing tank body in the frame, but be provided with the seal cover of folding on the charging aperture of storing tank body, the discharging opening of storing tank body is provided with ball valve, also is provided with steam inlet, steam (vapor) outlet, gases at high pressure import, temperature sensor, pressure sensor on the storing tank body.Because the operating pressure in the storing tank body is larger, therefore, usually drives the switch of ball valve with fluid pressure drive device.The shortcoming of the mode of this hydraulic-driven ball valve switch is that response speed is slow, is difficult to realize that moment opens the purpose of discharging ball valve, thereby also just is difficult to the technique effect of realizing that vapour is quick-fried.
The utility model content
The problem that the utility model need to solve be: provide a kind of and can drive valve gear at the energy-storage type that moment opens in the Steam explosive machine of discharging opening.
For addressing the above problem, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: the energy-storage type in the Steam explosive machine is driven valve gear, comprise: be installed on the storing tank body in the frame, but be provided with the seal cover of folding on the charging aperture of storing tank body, the discharging opening of storing tank body is sealedly attached to out on the sidewall of valve cylinder body, and communicate with the inner chamber of opening the valve cylinder body, open be provided with in the inner chamber of valve cylinder body can the sealed discharging mouth open the valve cylinder piston body, opening the valve cylinder piston body contacts with the internal chamber wall sealing of opening the valve cylinder body, and can in the inner chamber of opening the valve cylinder body, slidably reciprocate, an end of opening the valve cylinder body is sealedly connected with out the valve barrel body, the inner chamber of opening the valve barrel body seals partition mutually with the inner chamber of opening the valve cylinder body, and the other end of opening the valve cylinder body is discharge gate; Opening the valve barrel piston will open the inner chamber of valve barrel body and be separated into mutually isolated pressurizing chamber and accumulation of energy chamber, the accumulation of energy chamber nestles up out the valve cylinder body, be provided with the pressurizing chamber breather pipe that communicates with pressurizing chamber on the pressurizing chamber sidewall, be communicated with high-pressure pipe and pressurizing chamber blast pipe on the pressurizing chamber breather pipe, be provided with electromagnetic valve on the pressurizing chamber blast pipe; Be provided with the accumulation of energy chamber air inlet pipe that communicates with the accumulation of energy chamber on the sidewall of accumulation of energy chamber, be provided with pressure-relief one-way valve on the air inlet pipe of accumulation of energy chamber; Open the valve barrel piston and open between the valve cylinder piston body and interconnect by piston rod; Be provided with and the passage of opening the valve cylinder intracoelomic cavity and communicating at the valve cylinder body sidewall of opening near the accumulation of energy chamber.
Further, energy-storage type in the aforesaid Steam explosive machine is driven valve gear, and wherein, the valve barrel end of body of opening in the pressurizing chamber outer end is provided with the buffering cavity, the port of buffering cavity is provided with sealing ring, opens to be provided with on the valve barrel piston and can mutually to seal the buffering lance that contacts with the sealing circle.
Further, energy-storage type in the aforesaid Steam explosive machine is driven valve gear, wherein, be provided with one in the valve cylinder body with the adaptor for product discharge of conical seal (contact) face opening of discharge gate position, the outer wall of adaptor for product discharge is fixing with the internal chamber wall sealing of opening the valve cylinder body, conical seal (contact) face is at the discharging opening of storing tank body and open between the discharge gate of valve cylinder body, and the outer end of opening the valve cylinder piston rod is provided with the cone seal packing ring that can contact with the conical seal (contact) face sealing.
The utility model has the advantages that: compact conformation, discharging opening moment of storing tank body can be opened, the material moment in 0.01 second in the storing tank body is produced, greatly improved the quick-fried effect of vapour.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the energy-storage type in the Steam explosive machine described in the utility model is driven valve gear.
Fig. 2 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of A part among Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment.
Such as Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, energy-storage type in the Steam explosive machine is driven valve gear, comprise: be installed on the storing tank body 2 in the frame 1, but be provided with the seal cover 3 of folding on the charging aperture of storing tank body 2, also be provided with pressure sensor 6 on the storing tank body 2, the upper-end part of driving of storing tank body 2 is provided with steam (vapor) outlet 51, the lower end part of storing tank body 2 is provided with steam inlet 52, accordingly, upper-end part of driving at storing tank body 2 also is provided with exit temperature sensor 41, lower end part at storing tank body 2 is provided with import department's temperature sensor 42, also be provided with high pressure admission mouth 7 on the storing tank body 2, the discharging opening of storing tank body 2 is sealedly attached to out on the sidewall of valve cylinder body 8, and communicate with the inner chamber of opening valve cylinder body 8, open be provided with in the inner chamber of valve cylinder body 8 can the sealed discharging mouth open valve cylinder piston body 9, opening valve cylinder piston body 9 contacts with the internal chamber wall sealing of opening valve cylinder body 8, and can in the inner chamber of opening valve cylinder body 8, slidably reciprocate, an end of opening valve cylinder body 8 is sealedly connected with out valve barrel body 10, the inner chamber of opening valve barrel body 10 seals partition mutually with the inner chamber of opening valve cylinder body 8, and the other end of opening valve cylinder body 8 is discharge gate 11; Opening valve barrel piston 16 will open the inner chamber of valve barrel body 10 and be separated into mutually isolated pressurizing chamber 12 and accumulation of energy chamber 13, accumulation of energy chamber 13 nestles up out valve cylinder body 8, be provided with the pressurizing chamber breather pipe 121 that communicates with pressurizing chamber 12 on pressurizing chamber 12 sidewalls, be communicated with high-pressure pipe 122 and pressurizing chamber blast pipe 123 on the pressurizing chamber breather pipe 121, be provided with electromagnetic valve 124 on the pressurizing chamber blast pipe 123; Be provided with the accumulation of energy chamber air inlet pipe 131 that communicates with accumulation of energy chamber 13 on 13 sidewalls of accumulation of energy chamber, be provided with pressure-relief one-way valve 132 on the accumulation of energy chamber air inlet pipe 131; Open valve barrel piston 16 and open between the valve cylinder piston body 9 and interconnect by piston rod 15; Be provided with and the passage 20 of opening valve cylinder body 8 inner chambers and communicating at valve cylinder body 8 sidewalls of opening near accumulation of energy chamber 13, passage 20 has guaranteed that the two ends pressure of opening valve cylinder piston body 9 all is all an atmospheric pressure.Be provided with buffering cavity 14 in the end of opening valve barrel body 10 of pressurizing chamber 12 outer ends, the port of buffering cavity 14 is provided with sealing ring 141, opens to be provided with on the valve barrel piston 16 and can mutually to seal the buffering lance 17 that contacts with sealing circle 141.Be provided with one in the valve cylinder body 8 with the adaptor for product discharge 18 of conical seal (contact) face 181 opening of discharge gate 11 positions, the outer wall of adaptor for product discharge 18 is fixing with the internal chamber wall sealing of opening valve cylinder body 8, conical seal (contact) face 181 is at the discharging opening of storing tank body 2 and open between the discharge gate 11 of valve cylinder body 8, and the outer end of opening valve cylinder piston body 9 is provided with the cone seal packing ring 19 that can contact with conical seal (contact) face 181 sealings.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: before storing tank body 2 interior feeding in raw material, elder generation's external gas source on pressure-relief one-way valve 132, Compressed Gas passes into the gases at high pressure of certain pressure in the accumulation of energy chamber 13 by accumulation of energy chamber air inlet pipe 131, high pressure gas storage exists in the accumulation of energy chamber 13; Then in high-pressure pipe 122, pass into gases at high pressure, gases at high pressure enter in the pressurizing chamber 12 by pressurizing chamber breather pipe 121, pressure in the pressurizing chamber 12 constantly increases, and promote gradually to open valve barrel piston 16 and move right, there is piston rod 15 to link to each other owing to opening valve cylinder piston body 9 between the valve barrel piston 16 with opening, therefore open valve cylinder piston body 9 also moves right in opening valve cylinder body 8 thereupon, until the cone seal packing ring 19 of opening valve cylinder piston body 9 outer ends contacts with conical seal (contact) face 181 sealings on the adaptor for product discharge 18, the sidewall of opening like this valve cylinder piston body 9 has just sealed up the discharging opening of storing tank body 2; Then open seal cover 3, to storing tank body 2 interior adding materials, reinforced seal cover 3 sealings are covered the charging aperture of storage tank body 2 after complete; And then pass into high-temperature steam from steam inlet 52, steam is discharged from steam (vapor) outlet 51 after with the material in the heat transferred storing tank body 2, the temperature of storing tank body 2 interior materials constantly raises like this, temperature in 42 pairs of storing tank bodies of exit temperature sensor 41 and import department's temperature sensor 2 is monitored, after the temperature in the storing tank body 2 reaches setting value, stop to pass into steam, then in storing tank body 2, pass into gases at high pressure by high pressure admission mouth 7, pressure sensor 6 is used for the pressure in the storing tank body 2 is monitored, after the pressure in the storing tank body 2 reaches setting value, stop to pass into gases at high pressure, and heat-insulation pressure keeping a period of time.Then the electric conduction magnet valve 124, gas moment in the pressurizing chamber 12 is discharged from pressurizing chamber blast pipe 123, pressure abrupt release in the pressurizing chamber 12, effect lower moment of opening the gas pressure intensity of valve barrel piston 16 in accumulation of energy chamber 13 is moved to the left, 9 moments were moved to the left thereby the valve cylinder piston body is opened in drive, the discharging opening of storing tank body 2 was opened by moment in 0.01 second like this, material in the storing tank body 2 is under the effect of High Temperature High Pressure, produce from discharging opening moment of storing tank body 2, and from discharge gate 11 drains into cyclone separator the Steam explosive machine.Owing to being provided with buffering cavity 14 in the end of opening valve barrel body 10 of pressurizing chamber 12 outer ends, when opening valve barrel piston 16 to left movement, the buffering lance 17 of opening on the valve barrel piston 16 bangs in the buffering cavity 14, and with the sealing ring 141 of its port mutually sealing contact, like this, spot speed is opened valve barrel piston 16 greatly and played effective cushioning effect.In addition, because the end face of discharge gate interface 18 is conical seal (contact) face 181, material just can not be deposited in adaptor for product discharge 18 places in the discharge process.
The utility model has the advantages that: compact conformation, discharging opening moment of storing tank body 2 can be opened, the material moment in 0.01 second in the storing tank body 2 is produced, greatly improved the quick-fried effect of vapour.

Claims (3)

1. the energy-storage type in the Steam explosive machine is driven valve gear, comprise: be installed on the storing tank body in the frame, but be provided with the seal cover of folding on the charging aperture of storing tank body, it is characterized in that: the discharging opening of storing tank body is sealedly attached to out on the sidewall of valve cylinder body, and communicate with the inner chamber of opening the valve cylinder body, open be provided with in the inner chamber of valve cylinder body can the sealed discharging mouth open the valve cylinder piston body, opening the valve cylinder piston body contacts with the internal chamber wall sealing of opening the valve cylinder body, and can in the inner chamber of opening the valve cylinder body, slidably reciprocate, an end of opening the valve cylinder body is sealedly connected with out the valve barrel body, the inner chamber of opening the valve barrel body seals partition mutually with the inner chamber of opening the valve cylinder body, and the other end of opening the valve cylinder body is discharge gate; Opening the valve barrel piston will open the inner chamber of valve barrel body and be separated into mutually isolated pressurizing chamber and accumulation of energy chamber, the accumulation of energy chamber nestles up out the valve cylinder body, be provided with the pressurizing chamber breather pipe that communicates with pressurizing chamber on the pressurizing chamber sidewall, be communicated with high-pressure pipe and pressurizing chamber blast pipe on the pressurizing chamber breather pipe, be provided with electromagnetic valve on the pressurizing chamber blast pipe; Be provided with the accumulation of energy chamber air inlet pipe that communicates with the accumulation of energy chamber on the sidewall of accumulation of energy chamber, be provided with pressure-relief one-way valve on the air inlet pipe of accumulation of energy chamber; Open the valve barrel piston and open between the valve cylinder piston body and interconnect by piston rod; Be provided with and the passage of opening the valve cylinder intracoelomic cavity and communicating at the valve cylinder body sidewall of opening near the accumulation of energy chamber.
2. the energy-storage type in the Steam explosive machine according to claim 1 is driven valve gear, it is characterized in that: the valve barrel end of body of opening in the pressurizing chamber outer end is provided with the buffering cavity, the port of buffering cavity is provided with sealing ring, opens to be provided with on the valve barrel piston and can mutually to seal the buffering lance that contacts with the sealing circle.
3. the energy-storage type in the Steam explosive machine according to claim 1 and 2 is driven valve gear, it is characterized in that: be provided with one in the valve cylinder body with the adaptor for product discharge of conical seal (contact) face opening of discharge gate position, the outer wall of adaptor for product discharge is fixing with the internal chamber wall sealing of opening the valve cylinder body, conical seal (contact) face is at the discharging opening of storing tank body and open between the discharge gate of valve cylinder body, and the outer end of opening the valve cylinder piston body is provided with the cone seal packing ring that can contact with the conical seal (contact) face sealing.
CN 201220366239 2012-07-27 2012-07-27 Energy storage type valve-opening device in steam explosion machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN202688755U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220366239 CN202688755U (en) 2012-07-27 2012-07-27 Energy storage type valve-opening device in steam explosion machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220366239 CN202688755U (en) 2012-07-27 2012-07-27 Energy storage type valve-opening device in steam explosion machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202688755U true CN202688755U (en) 2013-01-23

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220366239 Withdrawn - After Issue CN202688755U (en) 2012-07-27 2012-07-27 Energy storage type valve-opening device in steam explosion machine

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102767105A (en) * 2012-07-27 2012-11-07 江苏美星大地环保科技有限公司 Energy-storing valve opening device of steam explosion machine
CN104138732A (en) * 2013-05-07 2014-11-12 于政道 Sealing device for explosion outlet of steam explosion machine
CN104695256A (en) * 2013-12-07 2015-06-10 刘翠红 Quick-opening material feeding cover of steam blasting machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102767105A (en) * 2012-07-27 2012-11-07 江苏美星大地环保科技有限公司 Energy-storing valve opening device of steam explosion machine
CN102767105B (en) * 2012-07-27 2015-01-28 江苏美星大地环保科技有限公司 Energy-storing valve opening device of steam explosion machine
CN104138732A (en) * 2013-05-07 2014-11-12 于政道 Sealing device for explosion outlet of steam explosion machine
CN104138732B (en) * 2013-05-07 2016-02-03 于政道 A kind of Steam explosive machine produce mouth sealing device
CN104695256A (en) * 2013-12-07 2015-06-10 刘翠红 Quick-opening material feeding cover of steam blasting machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130123

Effective date of abandoning: 20150128

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant