CN202675592U - Vertical type energy-saving gilled pipe boiler using biomass as fuel - Google Patents

Vertical type energy-saving gilled pipe boiler using biomass as fuel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202675592U
CN202675592U CN 201220212173 CN201220212173U CN202675592U CN 202675592 U CN202675592 U CN 202675592U CN 201220212173 CN201220212173 CN 201220212173 CN 201220212173 U CN201220212173 U CN 201220212173U CN 202675592 U CN202675592 U CN 202675592U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
energy
saving
biomass
tube
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220212173
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭超
程炳亮
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HUBEI XIAOGUO ENERGY-SAVING FACILITIES Co Ltd
Original Assignee
HUBEI XIAOGUO ENERGY-SAVING FACILITIES Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 201220212173 priority Critical patent/CN202675592U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202675592U publication Critical patent/CN202675592U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a vertical type energy-saving gilled pipe boiler using biomass as fuel, comprising a boiler housing, a seal head, a boiler furnace, a cold water wall pipe, a transverse water pipe, a hearth, a reburning chamber, a dust-cleaning mouth, a feeding mouth, and a dust outlet. The boiler housing is provided with the boiler furnace, and the seal head is disposed on the boiler housing. The cold water wall pipe and the transverse water pipe are disposed in the boiler furnace, and are respectively connected to the inner wall of the boiler furnace. The hearth is formed by the cold water wall pipe, and the reburning chamber is disposed below the hearth. The dust-cleaning mouth is connected to the transverse water pipe, the feeding mouth is connected to the hearth, and the dust outlet is connected to the reburning chamber. The vertical type energy-saving gilled pipe boiler using biomass as fuel is characterized in that a convection hole in the boiler housing is externally connected to an economizer; the gilled pipe is longitudinally disposed in the economizer and can be communicated with a water-collecting tank of the economizer; one end of the economizer is communicated with a boiler furnace mouth, and the other end is provided with a smoke outlet; the hearth formed by the cold water wall pipe is arc-shaped. The vertical type energy-saving gilled pipe boiler using biomass as fuel is advantageous in that heating surface is increased; thermal efficiency is improved; energy is saved; cost is reduced.

Description

Vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler with biomass as fuel
Technical field
The utility model relates to the boiler series products, particularly relates to a kind of vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler with biomass as fuel.
Background technology
Miniature boiler is of many uses on the market, away from main body city, backwoodsman school, hospital, the processing enterprises such as small towns clothing, non-staple food need the miniature boiler heat supply, vast rural culture industry etc. all needs heat energy, moreover also have on the spot a large amount of reproducible biomass energies, such as tangerine bar, rice bran etc., all can be used for the boiler for domestic of small low-voltage.
At present, the boiler for domestic of low capacity adopts vertical fire tube boiler mostly, or the version of improved vertical boiler with horizontal water tubes, it has simple in structure, the advantage that floor space is little, but ubiquity undercapacity, the fatal shortcoming such as operating thermal efficiency is low, exhaust gas temperature is high, the thermal efficiency of traditional product is about 50%, exhaust gas temperature does not meet the requirement that national energy-saving reduces discharging all more than 300 ℃.
The boiler that utilizes reproducible living beings to do fuel arises at the historic moment, but major part all is to use the original vertical boiler that burns coal, the shortcomings such as the ubiquity thermal efficiency is low, exhaust gas temperature is high, simultaneously, also exist the biomass fuel theoretical air requirement bigger than normal than other fuel such as coals, to the setting of boiler furnace, need to consider to guarantee the required enough air of biomass combustion and the problem of volume.For increasing the boiler water tube heating surface area, improve the thermal efficiency, because the chamber structure restriction, the water pipe that a greater number is set is subject to certain restrictions, and the steel consumption amount is significantly increased, and improves equipment cost.Therefore, in order to improve the thermal efficiency, research and solve the requirement that boiler increases hot side, utilize reproducible biomass fuel, reaching energy-conservation and reducing cost is the problem that needs at present solution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is in order to overcome the defective of prior art, a kind of vertical energy saving boiler that utilizes renewable biomass to make boiler oil is provided, increase the required enough air of biomass combustion and volume, by energy-saving appliance is set outside boiler, arranges the gilled tube of sufficient amount, and with water in the boiler enough water circulations are arranged, increase heating surface, improve the thermal efficiency, energy-conservation and reduction cost has solved the ubiquitous crock incrustation scale of miniature boiler problem preferably.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model: a kind of vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler with biomass as fuel, comprise shell, end socket, flue, the cold-water wall pipe, horizontal water tube, burner hearth, burning chamber, cleaning door, charging aperture, ash hole, establish flue in the shell, end socket is arranged on the shell, the cold-water wall pipe is set in the flue, horizontal water tube, the cold-water wall pipe, horizontal water tube accesses respectively on the inboard wall of furnace, the cold-water wall circumference of cannon bone becomes burner hearth, it is burning chamber under the burner hearth, cleaning door connects horizontal water tube, charging aperture connects burner hearth, and ash hole meets burning chamber, mainly is that convection holes is circumscribed with energy-saving appliance on shell, gilled tube vertically is arranged in the energy-saving appliance, and with energy-saving appliance header tank UNICOM, energy-saving appliance one end communicates with the flue mouth, and the energy-saving appliance other end is provided with exhaust opening.
Be set with fin on the described gilled tube.
The described burner hearth that is become by the cold-water wall circumference of cannon bone is arch, and cold-water wall pipe, horizontal water tube are skewed 7-15 ℃.
The utility model compared with prior art also has following major advantage:
1, the utility model vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler, make the heating system of boiler oil with renewable biomass, be fit to away from vast rural areas such as main body city, backwoodsman schools, the a large amount of reproducible biomass energies of local use, such as tangerine bar, rice bran etc., be used for the boiler for domestic of small low-voltage, take full advantage of renewable biomass, reduce and pollute and the coal resource energy consumption.
2, the utility model vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler, it is bigger than normal than other fuel such as coals for the biomass fuel theoretical air requirement to utilize living beings to do, boiler furnace is improved, burner hearth is arranged to arch, increase its heating surface area and volume, guaranteed the required enough air of biomass combustion and volume.
3, the utility model is made the vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler of boiler oil with living beings, because convection holes is circumscribed with energy-saving appliance on shell, in boiler peripheral hardware energy-saving appliance, there is the cover of liberal quantity to have the gilled tube of fin to satisfy the requirement of convection heating surface, gilled tube is compared with light pipe, heating surface area on its unit length is about 6 times that the pipe heating surface of tubes amasss, satisfy energy-conservation requirement simultaneously, reduced the loss of steel, gilled tube vertically is arranged in the energy-saving appliance, and with energy-saving appliance header tank UNICOM, and with the water in the boiler enough water circulations are arranged, be equivalent to arrange boiler tube bundle at boiler internal, the vertical energy saving boiler thermal efficiency is improved greatly.
4, the utility model is made the vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler of boiler oil with living beings, because gilled tube vertically is arranged in the energy-saving appliance, the thermal current that washes away horizontal water tube laterally enters boiler peripheral hardware energy-saving appliance, washing away the gilled tube cigarette thermal current of energy-saving appliance discharges from the energy-saving appliance other end, reduce exhaust gas temperature, operating thermal efficiency is high, reaches energy-saving effect, has solved well the ubiquitous crock incrustation scale of miniature boiler problem.
5, the cold-water wall pipe, the horizontal water tube that arrange in the utility model vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler, flue are skewed, become 7-15 ℃ with level, are convenient to biomass fuel and fully burn, and dust falls, and increase cold-water wall pipe, horizontal water tube heating surface, improve the thermal efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler structure schematic diagram that the utility model is used biomass as fuel.
Fig. 2 is the vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler energy-saving device structural representation that the utility model is used biomass as fuel.
Fig. 3 is the signal of the utility model boiler energy-saving device sectional structure.
End socket 1, shell 2, flue 3, horizontal water tube 4, cleaning door 5, charging aperture 6, ash hole 7, burning chamber 8, burner hearth 9, cold-water wall pipe 10, convection holes 11, flue mouth 12, energy-saving appliance 13, gilled tube 14, fin 15, header tank 16, exhaust opening 17.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, a kind of vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler with biomass as fuel, this boiler is vertical water-tube double-layer grate shell boiler, mainly is comprised of boiler body, stove seat, heat-insulation layer, horizontal water tube, energy-saving appliance, chimney and pipeline valve instrument.
Boiler body is by shell (2), end socket (1), and flue (3) and flue push up, and U-shaped leftover bits and pieces lap welding connects vertical.
The interior upper strata of flue (3) is horizontal water tube (4), lower floor is cold-water wall pipe (10) casting furnace grate, access respectively on the inboard wall of furnace, adopt Double grate back burning, cold-water wall pipe (10) surrounds burner hearth (9), establish charging aperture (6) on the shell (2) and connect burner hearth (9), biomass fuel enters burner hearth (9, radiation heating-surface forms combustion chamber (8), burner hearth (9) below is burning chamber (8), establish ash hole (7) on the shell (2) and meet burning chamber (8), from ash hole (7) cleaning of biomass fuel ashing is processed, smoke abatement and dust control has played in burning chamber (8) in heat exchange, (space above 10 is preheating chamber at the cold-water wall pipe, horizontal water tube (4) is convection heating surface, set up cleaning door (5) on the shell (2) and connect horizontal water tube (4), carrying out dust processes, cold-water wall pipe (10), horizontal water tube (4) is skewed 7-15 ℃, increase the water pipe heating surface, accelerate water circulation in the boiler.
Shell (has convection holes (11) on 2, convection holes (11) is connected to energy-saving appliance (13), convection holes (11) and energy-saving appliance header tank (16) UNICOM, gilled tube (14) vertically is arranged in the energy-saving appliance (13), and with energy-saving appliance header tank (16) UNICOM, be set with fin (15) on the gilled tube (14), fin (15) quantity is with abundant, be convenient to conduct heat and placement, water in gilled tube (14) and the boiler has enough water circulations, energy-saving appliance one end communicates with the flue mouth, and energy-saving appliance (13) other end is provided with exhaust opening (17).
A kind of heating system of making boiler oil with living beings, renewable biomass is done boiler oil, biomass fuel is established charging aperture (6) from shell (2) and is entered boiler, putting into the burner hearth (9) that is surrounded by cold-water wall pipe (10) burns, cold-water wall pipe (10) intensification of being heated, biomass fuel falls into the burning chamber (8) under the burner hearth (9), thermal current downwards burning enters burning chamber (8), upwards wash away again horizontal water tube (4), horizontal water tube (4) forms convection heating surface, horizontal water tube 4 intensification of being heated, then thermal current laterally enters boiler peripheral hardware energy-saving appliance (13), wash away the gilled tube (14) of energy-saving appliance (13), gilled tube (14) intensification of being heated, last flue gas is discharged by energy-saving appliance exhaust opening (17).
Water UNICOM in the water of flue (3) interior lower floor cold-water wall pipe (10), upper strata horizontal water tube (4) and energy-saving appliance gilled tube (14) and the boiler is formed with enough water circulation heating boiler water.

Claims (3)

1. vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler with biomass as fuel, comprise shell (2), end socket (1), flue (3), cold-water wall pipe (10), horizontal water tube (4), burner hearth (9), burning chamber (8), cleaning door (5), charging aperture (6), ash hole (7), establish flue (3) in the shell (2), end socket (1) is arranged on the shell (2), cold-water wall pipe (10) is set in the flue (3), horizontal water tube (4), cold-water wall pipe (10), horizontal water tube (4) accesses respectively on flue (3) inwall, cold-water wall pipe (10) surrounds burner hearth (9), burner hearth (9) is lower to be burning chamber (8), the ash mouthful (5) that disappears connects horizontal water tube (4), charging aperture (6) connects burner hearth (9), ash hole (7) meets burning chamber (8), it is characterized in that: the upper convection holes (11) of shell (2) is circumscribed with energy-saving appliance (13), gilled tube (14) vertically is arranged in the energy-saving appliance (13), and with energy-saving appliance header tank (16) UNICOM, energy-saving appliance (13) one ends communicate with flue mouth (12), and energy-saving appliance (13) other end is provided with exhaust opening (17).
2. the vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler with biomass as fuel according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be set with fin (15) on the described gilled tube (14).
3. the vertical energy-saving gilled tube boiler with biomass as fuel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the burner hearth (9) that described cold-water wall pipe (10) surrounds is arch, and cold-water wall pipe (10), horizontal water tube (4) are skewed 7 degree to 15 degree.
CN 201220212173 2012-05-11 2012-05-11 Vertical type energy-saving gilled pipe boiler using biomass as fuel Expired - Fee Related CN202675592U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220212173 CN202675592U (en) 2012-05-11 2012-05-11 Vertical type energy-saving gilled pipe boiler using biomass as fuel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220212173 CN202675592U (en) 2012-05-11 2012-05-11 Vertical type energy-saving gilled pipe boiler using biomass as fuel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202675592U true CN202675592U (en) 2013-01-16

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102645018A (en) * 2012-05-11 2012-08-22 湖北孝锅节能设备有限责任公司 Heating system using biomass as boiler fuel and vertical energy-saving boiler
CN104807187A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-29 浙江特富锅炉有限公司 Biomass-fired heat conduction oil boiler

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102645018A (en) * 2012-05-11 2012-08-22 湖北孝锅节能设备有限责任公司 Heating system using biomass as boiler fuel and vertical energy-saving boiler
CN104807187A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-29 浙江特富锅炉有限公司 Biomass-fired heat conduction oil boiler
CN104807187B (en) * 2015-04-21 2018-02-13 浙江特富锅炉有限公司 A kind of biomass-burning heat conducting oil boiler

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130116

Termination date: 20150511

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model