CN202668126U - Fixture for machining positioning hole of motor cylinder cover - Google Patents

Fixture for machining positioning hole of motor cylinder cover Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202668126U
CN202668126U CN 201220283863 CN201220283863U CN202668126U CN 202668126 U CN202668126 U CN 202668126U CN 201220283863 CN201220283863 CN 201220283863 CN 201220283863 U CN201220283863 U CN 201220283863U CN 202668126 U CN202668126 U CN 202668126U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
face
cylinder cap
cylinder cover
base plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220283863
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑志勋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhu Yongyu Autocar Industrial Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wuhu Yongyu Autocar Industrial Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhu Yongyu Autocar Industrial Co Ltd filed Critical Wuhu Yongyu Autocar Industrial Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201220283863 priority Critical patent/CN202668126U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202668126U publication Critical patent/CN202668126U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a fixture for machining a positioning hole of a motor cylinder cover. The fixture for machining the positioning hole of the motor cylinder cover comprises a base plate used for containing a cylinder cover, a horizontal clamping mechanism and a vertical clamping mechanism, wherein the horizontal clamping mechanism is arranged on the base plate and clamps the cylinder cover horizontally and the vertical clamping mechanism is arranged on the base plate and clamps the cylinder cover vertically. The horizontal clamping mechanism and the vertical clamping mechanism clamp tightly the cylinder cover in a liquid pressure and air pressure manner. Compared with the prior art, the fixture uses the manner of the liquid pressure and the air pressure to clamp the cylinder cover so that manual operation of clamping the cylinder cover with a spiral spring press block is replaced, and has the advantages that the cylinder cover is automatically clamped in the fixture, the problem that low efficiency and time consumption due to manual operation in traditional tooling is solved, the clamping is rapid and accurate, the force in liquid pressure and air pressure clamping can be controlled and deformation caused by uneven force of the manual operation in clamping is compensated.

Description

The anchor clamps that are used for the processing of engine cylinder cover locating hole
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of clamping device, and specifically, the utility model relates to a kind of anchor clamps for the processing of engine cylinder cover locating hole.
Background technology
At present, in the automobile engine cylinder head mechanical processing process, the locating hole processing and loading clamp is first very important operation in the process, and the precision of its clamping will directly arrive the product quality that affects engine cylinder cover, particularly on the impact of other station machining accuracies of cylinder cap.Because engine cylinder cover structure is very complicated, its locating hole processing technology difficulty is very large, wherein major part is the frock problem, generally speaking, in lathe, cylinder cap to be placed on two strip plates during clamping, then the workman is manual with being with helical spring pressing plate to push down cylinder cap, then starts lathe and positions hole processing.Adopt this installation way, not only need the operator that very masterful technique is arranged, and because the complexity of engine air cylinder head structure so that the operator is consuming time a lot of when clamping, has caused again unnecessary impact to the cylinder cap working (machining) efficiency.But because that manual operations is installed is consuming time very long, thus cause frock clamp in efficient very low, particularly workman operates the situation of several lathes simultaneously.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of anchor clamps that are used for the processing of engine cylinder cover locating hole accurately and fast.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of anchor clamps for the processing of engine cylinder cover locating hole, it comprises be used to the base plate of laying cylinder cap and is located at the horizontal-clamping mechanism that clamps in the horizontal direction cylinder cap on the base plate and clamps the vertical clamp mechanism of cylinder cap at vertical direction, this horizontal-clamping mechanism and vertically the clamp mechanism mode that adopts hydraulic pressure and air pressure to clamp cylinder cap is clamped.
Described horizontal-clamping mechanism comprises that end face that the air inlet face to cylinder cap air inlet face location supports, cylinder cap one end face is positioned supports, compresses in the cylinder cap other end end face pneumatic cylinder of cylinder cap and compresses the deflation area pneumatic cylinder of cylinder cap at the cylinder cap deflation area, air inlet face support, end face support, end face pneumatic cylinder and deflation area pneumatic cylinder are fixed on the described base plate, and end face pneumatic cylinder and deflation area pneumatic cylinder are by the pneumatic cylinder control device control that is located on the base plate.
Described end face supports on the end face that is resisted against described cylinder cap by establishing thereon end face locating piece and positions.
Described air inlet face supports and supports fixing by two air inlet face locating pieces that fixedly are located on the described base plate.
Be provided with the cylinder top that is pressed on the cylinder cap end face in the end of the piston rod of described end face pneumatic cylinder, this cylinder top adopts engineering plastics to make.
Described deflation area pneumatic cylinder, is provided with in the end of the piston rod of deflation area pneumatic cylinder and compresses the cylinder top that deflation area supports on the deflation area of described cylinder cap by the deflation area support compression, and this cylinder top adopts engineering plastics to make.
Described vertical clamp mechanism comprises hydraulic cylinder and compresses two pressing plates by described Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder of cylinder cap on described base plate at the both ends of described cylinder cap.
Described pressing plate is U-shaped, has to stretch out two extension bars that are pressed on the described cylinder cap, is provided with the pressing plate top at the seal face of two extension bars, and this pressing plate top adopts engineering plastics to make.
Described hydraulic cylinder is the lever type hydraulic cylinder, accompanies cushion block between hydraulic cylinder and described base plate.
The utility model adopts technique scheme, compared with prior art, these anchor clamps are that the mode that adopts hydraulic pressure and air pressure to drive clamping replaces traditional workman with the operation of helical spring pressurizing block cylinder cap to be clamped by hand, so that cylinder cap Automatic-clamping in clamping, thereby greatly reduced workman's manual operations problem that lowers efficiency consuming time in traditional frock, clamping is accurate fast, and dynamics is controlled in hydraulic pressure and the air pressure clamping process, and some compensation have been done in the distortion that also causes for the dynamics inequality owing to workman's operation in clamping; These anchor clamps also have simple in structure, easy to operate advantage, during each clamping cylinder cap as long as cylinder cap is placed on the position of setting and directly starts hydraulic cylinder and pneumatic cylinder clamps, and the employee who processes this product need not especially training can operation on duty, and the efficient of processing cylinder cap locating hole is high.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of anchor clamps of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Mark among the above-mentioned figure is: 1, hydraulic cylinder; 2, screw; 3, packing ring; 4, end face locating piece; 5, end face supports; 6, circular alignment pin; 7, base plate; 8, pressing plate; 9, deflation area supports; 10, cushion block; 11, air inlet face supports; 12, air inlet face locating piece; 13, strengthen gusset; 14, end face pneumatic cylinder support plate; 15, end face pneumatic cylinder top; 16, end face pneumatic cylinder; 17, deflation area pneumatic cylinder top; 18, pneumatic cylinder control device; 19, deflation area pneumatic cylinder support plate; 20, cylinder cap; 21, pressing plate; 22, pressing plate top; 23, deflation area pneumatic cylinder.
The specific embodiment
Be a kind of anchor clamps for the processing of engine cylinder cover locating hole of the present utility model as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, it comprises be used to the base plate 7 of laying cylinder cap 20 and is located at the horizontal-clamping mechanism that clamps in the horizontal direction cylinder cap 20 on the base plate 7 and clamps the vertical clamp mechanism of cylinder cap 20 at vertical direction, this horizontal-clamping mechanism and vertically clamp mechanism adopt hydraulic pressure and air pressure to drive the mode that clamps cylinder cap is clamped.Compared with prior art, these anchor clamps are that the mode that adopts hydraulic pressure and air pressure to drive clamping replaces traditional workman with the operation of helical spring pressurizing block cylinder cap to be clamped by hand, so that cylinder cap Automatic-clamping in clamping, thereby greatly reduced workman's manual operations problem that lowers efficiency consuming time in traditional frock, clamping is accurate fast, and dynamics is controlled in hydraulic pressure and the air pressure clamping process, and some compensation have been done in the distortion that also causes for the dynamics inequality owing to workman's operation in clamping; These anchor clamps also have simple in structure, easy to operate advantage, during each clamping cylinder cap as long as cylinder cap is placed on the position of setting and directly starts hydraulic cylinder 1 and pneumatic cylinder clamps, and the employee who processes this product need not especially training can operation on duty, and the efficient of processing cylinder cap locating hole is high.
Embodiment 1
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the horizontal-clamping mechanism of these anchor clamps comprises that the air inlet face to cylinder cap 20 air inlet face location supports 11, end face that cylinder cap 20 1 end faces are positioned supports 5, compress the end face pneumatic cylinder 16 of cylinder cap 20 in cylinder cap 20 other ends and compress the deflation area pneumatic cylinder 23 of cylinder cap 20 at cylinder cap 20 deflation areas, air inlet face support 11, end face support 5, end face pneumatic cylinder 16 and deflation area pneumatic cylinder 23 are fixed on the base plate 7, and end face pneumatic cylinder 16 and deflation area pneumatic cylinder 23 are by pneumatic cylinder control device 18 controls that are located on the base plate 7.End face pneumatic cylinder 16 and end face support 5 and match at a direction clamping cylinder cap 20 of horizontal plane, and deflation area pneumatic cylinder 23 and air inlet face support 11 and match at another level clamping cylinder cap 20 of horizontal plane.
It is reliable that this horizontal-clamping mechanism can guarantee that on the one hand cylinder cap 20 locating holes add man-hour level orientation location, can guarantee that on the other hand cylinder cap 20 clampings are accurate fast.
Embodiment 2
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, it is a gripper shoe suitable with the high low dimensional of cylinder cap 20 air inlet face boss that the air inlet face of horizontal-clamping mechanism supports 11, the air inlet face of cylinder cap 20 is close on the locating surface of air inlet face support 11, the locating surface of air inlet face support 11 will polish smooth, air inlet face supports 11 and support fixingly by fixedly being located at two air inlet face locating pieces 12 on the base plate 7, and air inlet face support 11 defines 20 1 horizontal position frees degree of cylinder cap.
Embodiment 3
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the end face of horizontal-clamping mechanism supports 5 and is resisted against by establishing thereon end face locating piece 4 on the end face of cylinder cap 20 and positions, the locating surface of end face locating piece 4 one ends is resisted against on the end face of cylinder cap 20, the other end is by screw 2(belt washer 3) and circular alignment pin 6 be fixed on end face and support on 5, end face locating piece 4 is fastened on the base plate 7, and end face supports 5 and defines cylinder cap 20 another horizontal position frees degree.The locating surface of end face locating piece 4 will polish smooth, and guarantees that the flatness of locating surface meets specification requirement, guarantees that the location is reliable.
Embodiment 4
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, end face pneumatic cylinder 16 and end face support 5 and match at a direction clamping cylinder cap 20 of horizontal plane, end face pneumatic cylinder 16 is supported and fixed on the base plate 7 by end face pneumatic cylinder support plate 14, between end face pneumatic cylinder support plate 14 and base plate 7, also be provided with and strengthen gusset 13, guarantee that 16 fixations of end face pneumatic cylinder are reliable, guarantee that clamping and positioning is accurate.Be provided with the end face pneumatic cylinder top 15 that is pressed on cylinder cap 20 end faces in the end of the piston rod of end face pneumatic cylinder 16, this end face pneumatic cylinder top 15 adopts engineering plastics to make, the use of engineering plastics top can be played and reduce engine cylinder cover 20 is subject to unnecessary damage in clamping process effect, and can in time change when excessive deformation occurs in the top.
Embodiment 5
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, deflation area pneumatic cylinder 23 and air inlet face support 11 and match at another direction clamping cylinder cap 20 of horizontal plane, deflation area pneumatic cylinder 23 supports 9 by deflation area and is pressed on the deflation area of cylinder cap 20, deflation area supports 9 one gripper shoes suitable with the high low dimensional of cylinder cap 20 deflation area boss, deflation area support 9 promotes cylinder cap 20 and moves and clamp towards air inlet face support 11 under the effect of deflation area pneumatic cylinder 23, the locating surface that deflation area supports on 9 will polish smooth.Deflation area pneumatic cylinder 23 is supported and fixed on the base plate 7 by deflation area pneumatic cylinder support plate 19, be provided with in the end of the piston rod of deflation area pneumatic cylinder 23 and compress deflation area and support 9 deflation area pneumatic cylinder top 17, this deflation area pneumatic cylinder top 17 also adopts engineering plastics to make.
Embodiment 6
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the vertical clamp mechanism of these anchor clamps comprises hydraulic cylinder 1 and compresses two pressing plates by hydraulic cylinder 1 being driven of cylinder cap 20 on base plate 7 at the both ends of cylinder cap 20.Cylinder cap 20 is inverted and is placed on the base plate 7, cylinder cap 20 end faces are attached on the locating surface of base plate 7, cylinder cap 20 bottom surfaces up, hydraulic cylinder 1 vertically is installed on the floor, pressing plate is driven by hydraulic cylinder 1 and is pressed on the bottom surface of cylinder cap 20, also is provided with the control device that control hydraulic cylinder 1 opens and closes on base plate 7.
This vertical clamp mechanism can guarantee that cylinder cap 20 clampings are accurate fast, and dynamics is controlled in the hydraulic clamp process, and some compensation have been done in the distortion that also causes for the dynamics inequality owing to workman's operation in clamping.
Embodiment 7
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, two pressing plates 8,21 are identical U-shaped of shape, are respectively to be positioned at the pressing plate 8 that end face supports the pressing plate 21 of 5 one ends and is positioned at end face pneumatic cylinder 16 1 ends.Two pressing plates 8,21 have and stretch out two extension bars that are pressed on cylinder cap 20 bottom surfaces, are provided with pressing plate top 22 at the seal face of two extension bars, and this pressing plate top 22 also adopts engineering plastics to make.
Embodiment 8
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, hydraulic cylinder 1 is the lever type hydraulic cylinder, accompanies cushion block 10 between hydraulic cylinder 1 and base plate 7, is used for adjusting the position.
The above has carried out exemplary description to the utility model by reference to the accompanying drawings; obviously the utility model specific implementation is not subjected to the restriction of aforesaid way; as long as adopted the improvement of the various unsubstantialities that method of the present utility model design and technical scheme carry out; or without improving design of the present utility model and technical scheme are directly applied to other occasion, all within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. one kind is used for the anchor clamps that the engine cylinder cover locating hole is processed, it is characterized in that: comprise be used to the base plate of laying cylinder cap (20) (7) and be located at the horizontal-clamping mechanism of the in the horizontal direction clamping cylinder cap (20) on the base plate (7) and clamp the vertical clamp mechanism of cylinder cap (20) at vertical direction, this horizontal-clamping mechanism and vertically the clamp mechanism mode that adopts hydraulic pressure and air pressure to clamp cylinder cap (20) is clamped.
2. anchor clamps for engine cylinder cover locating hole processing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described horizontal-clamping mechanism comprises that the air inlet face to cylinder cap (20) air inlet face location supports (11), the end face that cylinder cap (20) one end faces are positioned supports (5), compress the end face pneumatic cylinder (16) of cylinder cap (20) in cylinder cap (20) other end and compress the deflation area pneumatic cylinder (23) of cylinder cap (20) at cylinder cap (20) deflation area, air inlet face supports (11), end face supports (5), end face pneumatic cylinder (16) and deflation area pneumatic cylinder (23) are fixed on the described base plate (7), and end face pneumatic cylinder (16) and deflation area pneumatic cylinder (23) are by pneumatic cylinder control device (18) control that is located on the base plate (7).
3. anchor clamps for engine cylinder cover locating hole processing according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described end face supports on (5) be resisted against described cylinder cap (20) by establishing thereon end face locating piece (4) the end face and positions.
4. anchor clamps for engine cylinder cover locating hole processing according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described air inlet face supports (11) and supports fixing by two the air inlet face locating pieces (12) that fixedly are located on the described base plate (7).
5. anchor clamps for engine cylinder cover locating hole processing according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: be provided with the cylinder top that is pressed on cylinder cap (20) end face in the end of the piston rod of described end face pneumatic cylinder (16), this cylinder top adopts engineering plastics to make.
6. anchor clamps for engine cylinder cover locating hole processing according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described deflation area pneumatic cylinder (23) supports (9) by deflation area and is pressed on the deflation area of described cylinder cap (20), be provided with in the end of the piston rod of deflation area pneumatic cylinder (23) and compress the cylinder top that deflation area supports (9), this cylinder top adopts engineering plastics to make.
7. according to claim 1 to 6 arbitrary described anchor clamps for engine cylinder cover locating hole processing, it is characterized in that: described vertical clamp mechanism comprises hydraulic cylinder (1) and compresses two pressing plates (8,21) that by described hydraulic cylinder (1) driven of cylinder caps (20) on described base plate (7) at the both ends of described cylinder cap (20).
8. anchor clamps for engine cylinder cover locating hole processing according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described pressing plate (8,21) is for U-shaped, have and stretch out two extension bars that are pressed on the described cylinder cap (20), seal face at two extension bars is provided with pressing plate top (22), and this pressing plate top (22) adopts engineering plastics to make.
9. anchor clamps for engine cylinder cover locating hole processing according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described hydraulic cylinder (1) is the lever type hydraulic cylinder, accompanies cushion block (10) between hydraulic cylinder (1) and described base plate (7).
CN 201220283863 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Fixture for machining positioning hole of motor cylinder cover Expired - Fee Related CN202668126U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220283863 CN202668126U (en) 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Fixture for machining positioning hole of motor cylinder cover

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220283863 CN202668126U (en) 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Fixture for machining positioning hole of motor cylinder cover

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202668126U true CN202668126U (en) 2013-01-16

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ID=47489059

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220283863 Expired - Fee Related CN202668126U (en) 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Fixture for machining positioning hole of motor cylinder cover

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202668126U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102729066A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-17 芜湖永裕汽车工业有限公司 Clamp for processing positioning hole on engine cylinder cover
CN106736709A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-31 中国第汽车股份有限公司 A kind of chucking method and fixture of plastics blank
CN107877280A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-04-06 无锡鹰贝精密轴承有限公司 Piston Inner rises flat surface grinding frock

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102729066A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-17 芜湖永裕汽车工业有限公司 Clamp for processing positioning hole on engine cylinder cover
CN102729066B (en) * 2012-06-15 2014-09-10 芜湖永裕汽车工业有限公司 Clamp for processing positioning hole on engine cylinder cover
CN106736709A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-31 中国第汽车股份有限公司 A kind of chucking method and fixture of plastics blank
CN107877280A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-04-06 无锡鹰贝精密轴承有限公司 Piston Inner rises flat surface grinding frock

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130116

Termination date: 20140615

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model