CN202667648U - Powder metallurgy press machine-based automatic powder forming mould base - Google Patents

Powder metallurgy press machine-based automatic powder forming mould base Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202667648U
CN202667648U CN 201220293309 CN201220293309U CN202667648U CN 202667648 U CN202667648 U CN 202667648U CN 201220293309 CN201220293309 CN 201220293309 CN 201220293309 U CN201220293309 U CN 201220293309U CN 202667648 U CN202667648 U CN 202667648U
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China
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powder
plate
mould bases
powder metallurgy
parent form
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CN 201220293309
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Chinese (zh)
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黄彬
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a powder metallurgy press machine-based automatic powder forming mould base, aiming at solving the problems that the mould base is complex in structure, and high in manufacture cost, and a mould is complex to change in the prior art. The automatic powder forming mould base comprises a female template, an upper mold plate arranged above the female template and movably connected with the female template by an upper guide column, a lower mold plate fixed under the female template, a linkage mechanism for driving the female template to move in a reciprocating way, and a fixing mechanism for supporting and fixing the lower mold plate; and in order to preferably realize the powder metallurgy press machine-based automatic powder forming mould base, the upper end face of the female template is provided with a material transporting plate, and the end part of the material transporting plate is further provided with a material collecting hopper communicated with the material transporting plate. According to the powder metallurgy press machine-based automatic powder forming mould base, the structure of the mould base can be simplified, the automatic powder forming mould base is very convenient to implement, and the automatic powder forming mould base is suitable for the continuous and automatic production on the premise that the structure of a main body is not changed, so that the production cost can be reduced, and the production efficiency can be improved. Therefore, the powder metallurgy press machine-based automatic powder forming mould base is suitable for popularization and use.

Description

Powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to the powder compacting in the powder metallurgical technique, specifically, is a kind of powder automatic moulding mould bases that matches with the powder metallurgy pressing machine and use.
Background technology
Powder metallurgy be produce metal or with metal dust (or mixture of metal dust and non-metal powder) as raw material, through overmolding, sintering, make the industrial technology of metal material, compound and all kinds goods, it has similar place to ceramic production technology, is the technology of a kind of low-cost production high-performance metal and ceramic composite.Especially has important effect at preparation high-performance rare-earth permanent magnet material, rare earth hydrogen storage material, rare earth luminescent material, rare earth catalyst, high temperature superconducting materia, new metallic material steel, Powder High-speed Steels, metallic compound high-temperature structural material etc.Powder compacting is one of main technical essential in powder metallurgical technique, and mould bases is the requisite technological equipment of metallurgical product that makes powder.The tradition mould bases is used for the powder pressing forming operation, different parts need to design different mould bases, when compacting different model part, then need to replace whole mould bases and mould, its production cycle is long, efficient is low, has inevitably increased the complexity of production, processing cost and production, process operation.For defects, researched and developed a kind of mould bases, when production, processing different parts, only need more mold exchange and need not change mould bases, although this mould bases has overcome the defective of traditional mould bases, its structure is very complicated, production cost is high, and the replacement operation of mould is also comparatively loaded down with trivial details.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome defects, by the brand-new design to mould bases, provides powder automatic moulding mould bases a kind of simple in structure, easy to operate.
To achieve these goals, the scheme of the utility model employing is as follows:
Powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine, comprise the parent form plate, the cope match-plate pattern that is arranged on this parent form plate top and is flexibly connected with it by upper guide post, be fixed in the lower bolster of parent form plate below, make the link gear of reciprocating in order to drive the parent form plate, and in order to support, the fixing fixed mechanism of lower bolster.
Further, for convenient continuously shaped, be provided with delivery sheet in described parent form plate upper surface, and also be provided with the material collection funnel that is communicated with it in the end of this delivery sheet.
Specifically, described link gear comprises the connecting plate that is fixedly connected with described parent form plate by lower guide pillar, and is fastenedly connected with this connecting plate and in order to be connected the lower cylinder connecting rod of outside oil cylinder, wherein, connecting plate is positioned at the below of lower bolster.
Further, be provided with the mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad that is fastenedly connected with it in described lower bolster upper surface, and on the mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad, also be provided with and pass this mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad and end and extend to demoulding stop screw in the lower bolster.
In order accurately to determine the center of processed blank, between described lower bolster and connecting plate, also be provided with middle excellent extension bar.
In order to realize more easily the reciprocating of parent form plate, be provided with the contiguous block that is fastenedly connected with it in the lower surface of described connecting plate, described lower thick stick connecting rod then is connected with connecting plate by this contiguous block.
Described lower guide pillar upper end is fastenedly connected with the parent form plate, and its lower end is then passed lower bolster and is fastenedly connected with described connecting plate.
Further, described fixed mechanism comprises base plate, the gripper shoe that also is fastenedly connected with it perpendicular to base plate respectively; Described lower bolster then is fixed on this gripper shoe.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages and beneficial effect:
(1) the utility model is under the prerequisite that does not change agent structure, newly-designed mould bases is designed to three layers of primary structure from top to bottom successively: cope match-plate pattern, parent form plate and lower bolster, the three is respectively in order to install mo(u)ld top half, parent form and mo(u)ld bottom half, when the processing different parts blank, only need to replace mould mounted thereto, and need not to design in addition more corresponding mould bases, solved the defective of traditional mould bases, it has simplified the structure of mould bases, so that the replacing of mould operation is simpler; On the other hand, below lower bolster, be provided with one in order to connect the connecting plate of outside oil cylinder, drive the parent form plate with this and do reciprocating, thereby finish the knockout course of blank, it has namely reached with very simple mechanical mechanism need expend the work that high price could realize in the prior art, reduced widely the manufacturing cost of mould bases, and adopt newly-designed mould bases, the product depth of parallelism that processes, perpendicularity, axiality all greatly improve, and suitable automated production, improve production efficiency, reduced production cost;
(2) the utility model is provided with delivery sheet in the upper surface of parent form plate, this delivery sheet is in order to the conveying of powder material, for providing, the continuous operation of powder compaction press provides powerful support for, and also be provided with the material collection funnel that is communicated with it in the end of this delivery sheet, it is in order to collect the clout that produces in the production operation, prevented effectively that not only clout from affecting the blank moulding of part, and the clout of collecting also can continue on for powder compaction, thereby raw material have been saved, reduced further production cost, so that product has more the market competitiveness;
(3) the utility model is provided with a mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad in the center of lower bolster, mo(u)ld bottom half is fixed thereon, and by gland compression, fixing, and also be provided with demoulding stop screw at the other end of mount pad, guaranteed that product is after moulding, carrying out smoothly of knockout course, thus uniformity, the stability of product to be processed improved, guaranteed the quality of product;
(4) manufactured materials that adopts of the utility model is the common common material in market, and its cost is more cheap 5 to 7 times than mould bases of the prior art, and implement also very convenient, thereby established solid foundation for it promotes the use on a large scale.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is generalized section of the present utility model.
Wherein, the parts name that Reference numeral is corresponding is called: 1-parent form plate, 2-upper guide post, the 3-cope match-plate pattern, 4-lower bolster, guide pillar under the 5-, the 6-connecting plate, cylinder connecting rod under the 7-, 8-base plate, the 9-gripper shoe, 10-delivery sheet, 11-material collection funnel, the 12-contiguous block, 13-mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad, 14-demoulding stop screw, excellent extension bar among the 15-, 16-T type contiguous block, 17-screw.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof the utility model is described in further detail, but embodiment of the present utility model is not limited to this.
Embodiment
Powder pressing forming is most important in the powder metallurgical technique, it need to finish the powder compacting operation by mould bases, as shown in Figure 1, 2, present embodiment has designed a kind of powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine, this mould bases is on the basis that does not change agent structure, be coaxial three-decker with Mold Base Design: cope match-plate pattern 3, parent form plate 1 and lower bolster 4, in order to mo(u)ld top half, parent form and the mo(u)ld bottom half in the powder compaction operation to be installed, its spatial order is from top to bottom respectively for this three; Wherein, be provided with T-shaped contiguous block 16 at cope match-plate pattern 3, then be connected with powder compaction press by this contiguous block, screw 17; Cope match-plate pattern 3 also is connected with parent form plate 1 by upper guide post 2, in the present embodiment, upper guide post 2 numbers are four, and lay respectively at four jiaos of cope match-plate pattern 3, its lower end is fixed on the parent form plate 1, its upper end is passed cope match-plate pattern 3 and is extended to its outside, and is equipped with guide column sleeve in the junction of upper guide post 2 and cope match-plate pattern 3, parent form plate 1, in order to the stability that reinforces the connection.When the processing different parts blank, only need to replace to be installed in the mould (mo(u)ld top half, mo(u)ld bottom half and parent form) of mould bases, and need not to design in addition more corresponding mould bases, solved the defective of traditional mould bases, and simplified the structure of mould bases, so that the replacing of mould operation is simpler.
On the basis of said structure, the upper surface of lower bolster 4 is fixed with a mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad 13, when mo(u)ld bottom half is installed, is compressed by gland first, guarantee its depth of parallelism, be fixed by screws in again on this mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad 13, in order to guarantee carrying out smoothly of knockout course, on mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad 13, also be provided with demoulding stop screw 14, this demoulding stop screw 14 passes mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad 13, its end extends in the lower bolster 4, has improved uniformity, the stability of product to be processed, has guaranteed the quality of product.Lower surface at parent form plate 1 offers groove, and the lower end of mo(u)ld bottom half is fixed on the lower bolster 4, and its upper end is then stretched in the groove of parent form plate 1 lower surface, pushes against the parent form that is installed on the parent form plate 1.
The mixture of metal dust and non-metal powder is the raw material of powder compaction, it is delivered to delivery sheet 10 by feed system, present embodiment is fixed on delivery sheet 10 on the parent form plate 1, parent form then is directly installed on the delivery sheet 10, powder enters parent form by delivery sheet, after compacting is finished, sputter, perhaps unnecessary powder material be retained in parent form and delivery sheet around, can affect the quality of powder compaction product, for this situation, the industry conventional means is with unnecessary powder cleaning, so just inevitably caused raw-material waste, therefore, present embodiment is provided with a material collection funnel 11 in the end of delivery sheet 10, and this material collection funnel 11 is vertical with delivery sheet 10; During processing, place a material collection frame under its lower end discharging opening, add the salvage stores in man-hour in order to collection, the salvage stores of collection can continue in order to powder compaction, has not only saved raw material, and has reduced production cost.
Final step is the demoulding in the powder pressing forming operation, be compressing after, blank is deviate from from parent form, the realization of demoulding action needs between mo(u)ld top half, mo(u)ld bottom half and the parent form fixed gap is arranged, mould bases of the prior art is for realizing this action, the general hydraulic multi-cylinder that adopts drives, its complex structure, cost is higher, present embodiment is in view of the prior art shortcoming, be provided with a with it coaxial connecting plate 6 below lower bolster 4, this connecting plate 6 is fixedly connected with parent form plate 1 by lower guide pillar 5, and the two maintenance is relatively static; Wherein, the lower surface of lower guide pillar 5 upper ends and parent form plate 1 is bolted connection, and lower bolster 4 is passed first in its lower end, and then fixing with connecting plate 6.Present embodiment adopts single cylinder to drive, be provided with successively in the lower surface of connecting plate 6 contiguous block 12 and, lower cylinder connecting rod 7 is in order to connect outside oil cylinder.During the demoulding, oil cylinder drives lower cylinder connecting rod 7 and moves down, so that driving connecting plate 6, lower thick stick connecting rod 7 moves down, thereby drive parent form plate 1 action downwards, blank is deviate from from parent form, finish after the forming process, oil cylinder again drives lower cylinder connecting rod 7 and moves up, and finishes the homing action of parent form plate 1.On the other hand, in order accurately to determine the center of processed blank, establish also between lower bolster 4 and connecting plate 6 that excellent extension bar 15(divides middle rod in one).
In the present embodiment, lower bolster 4 is fixed, and it is supported by fixed mechanism and be fixing, and this fixed mechanism comprises two base plates 8, two gripper shoes 9 that also are fastenedly connected with it perpendicular to base plate 8 respectively, the two ends of lower bolster 4 then are separately fixed on two gripper shoes 9 by bolt; Two base plates 8 lay respectively at the two ends of powder compaction press work top, and hydraulically powered driving shaft passes work top and is connected with lower cylinder connecting rod 7.
According to above-described embodiment, can well realize the utility model.What deserves to be explained is that newly-designed mould bases has up and down movable adjustable locking nut, very easily just can be fixed on the powder compaction press.

Claims (8)

1. based on the powder automatic moulding mould bases of powder metallurgy pressing machine, it is characterized in that: comprise parent form plate (1), the cope match-plate pattern (3) that is arranged on this parent form plate (1) top and is flexibly connected with it by upper guide post (2), be fixed in the lower bolster (4) of parent form plate (1) below, make the link gear of reciprocating in order to drive parent form plate (1), and in order to support, the fixing fixed mechanism of lower bolster (4).
2. the powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with delivery sheet (10) in described parent form plate (1) upper surface, and also be provided with the material collection funnel (11) that is communicated with it in the end of this delivery sheet (10).
3. the powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described link gear comprises the connecting plate (6) that is fixedly connected with described parent form plate (1) by lower guide pillar (5), and be fastenedly connected with this connecting plate (6) and in order to be connected the lower cylinder connecting rod (7) of outside oil cylinder, wherein, connecting plate (6) is positioned at the below of lower bolster (4).
4. the powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: be provided with the mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad (13) that is fastenedly connected with it in described lower bolster (4) upper surface, and on mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad (13), also be provided with and pass this mo(u)ld bottom half mount pad (13) and end and extend to demoulding stop screw (14) in the lower bolster (4).
5. the powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that: also be provided with middle excellent extension bar (15) between described lower bolster (4) and connecting plate (6).
6. according to claim 4 or 5 described powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine, it is characterized in that: be provided with the contiguous block (12) that is fastenedly connected with it in the lower surface of described connecting plate (6), described lower thick stick connecting rod (7) then is connected with connecting plate (6) by this contiguous block (12).
7. the powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described lower guide pillar (5) upper end is fastenedly connected with parent form plate (1), and its lower end is then passed lower bolster (4) and is fastenedly connected with described connecting plate (6).
8. the powder automatic moulding mould bases based on the powder metallurgy pressing machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described fixed mechanism comprises base plate (8), respectively perpendicular to base plate (8) and the gripper shoe (9) that is fastenedly connected with it; Described lower bolster (4) then is fixed on this gripper shoe (9).
CN 201220293309 2012-06-21 2012-06-21 Powder metallurgy press machine-based automatic powder forming mould base Expired - Lifetime CN202667648U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220293309 CN202667648U (en) 2012-06-21 2012-06-21 Powder metallurgy press machine-based automatic powder forming mould base

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220293309 CN202667648U (en) 2012-06-21 2012-06-21 Powder metallurgy press machine-based automatic powder forming mould base

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102717075A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-10 黄彬 Automatic powder forming die carrier based on powder metallurgy press and implementation method thereof
CN105690850A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-06-22 广州市精程达精密机械有限公司 High-precision powder forming machine
CN109604589A (en) * 2019-01-05 2019-04-12 周焱春 A kind of powder used in metallurgy stamping equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102717075A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-10 黄彬 Automatic powder forming die carrier based on powder metallurgy press and implementation method thereof
CN105690850A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-06-22 广州市精程达精密机械有限公司 High-precision powder forming machine
CN109604589A (en) * 2019-01-05 2019-04-12 周焱春 A kind of powder used in metallurgy stamping equipment

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Granted publication date: 20130116

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