CN202389463U - Direct impact crumpling mechanism for bus - Google Patents

Direct impact crumpling mechanism for bus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202389463U
CN202389463U CN2011204598694U CN201120459869U CN202389463U CN 202389463 U CN202389463 U CN 202389463U CN 2011204598694 U CN2011204598694 U CN 2011204598694U CN 201120459869 U CN201120459869 U CN 201120459869U CN 202389463 U CN202389463 U CN 202389463U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
energy
absorbing box
passenger vehicle
guide plate
collision
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN2011204598694U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐友名
苏亮
吴长风
冉清华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xiamen King Long United Automotive Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xiamen King Long United Automotive Industry Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xiamen King Long United Automotive Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Xiamen King Long United Automotive Industry Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011204598694U priority Critical patent/CN202389463U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202389463U publication Critical patent/CN202389463U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Abstract

The utility model discloses a direct impact crumpling mechanism for a bus, comprising an anti-collision beam, two energy absorption boxes, an energy absorption box guiding plate, a connection seat and two vehicle frame longitudinal beams; the outer ends of two energy absorption boxes are respectively connected on two symmetric points at the inner side of the anti-collision beam; the inner ends of the two energy absorption boxes are respectively connected at the outer ends of two vehicle frame longitudinal beams by the connection seat; the energy absorption box guiding plate is spanned between the anti-collision beam and the connection seat and is located above the energy absorption box. According to the direct impact crumpling mechanism, the energy absorption boxes and the energy absorption box guiding plate are arranged between the anti-collision beam and the connection seat, by adopting the structure design, the crumpling mechanism gradually deforms to absorb the collision energy in the direct impact of the bus, so that the intrusion quantity of the driving region is decreased, in the way, the stress of the vehicle frame structure is reasonable, the damage risk of drivers and tour conductors is decreased, and the passive security of the bus is enhanced.

Description

Passenger vehicle central collision crumple mechanism
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of passenger vehicle parts, particularly relates to a kind of passenger vehicle central collision crumple mechanism.
Background technology
At present; Both at home and abroad to the passive security research of manned vehicle often; Bump before mainly comprising, side impact, offset collision, rear-end impact and pedestrian impact protection; And formulated various rules, but the research of passenger vehicle has mainly been concentrated on anti-side rollover resistant capability of passenger vehicle and intensity aspect, top, and less relatively to the head-on crash research of passenger vehicle.Passenger vehicle can be through the distortion absorbing impact energy of bumper/spoiler and machinery space unlike manned vehicle when head-on crash takes place; Reducing the occupant comes to harm; Before mainly relying on, encloses by passenger vehicle distortion absorbing impact energy; Drive the space owing to before enclose when driver's chair and chair for tourist conductor very closely head-on crash take place, to cause easily to driving the serious crimp in zone, occupying, chaufeur and guide's life security are constituted great threat.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of safe passenger vehicle central collision crumple mechanism.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution of the utility model is:
The utility model is an a kind of passenger vehicle central collision crumple mechanism, and it comprises collision prevention girders, energy-absorbing box, energy-absorbing box guide plate, Connection Block, chassis side rail and crashproof support beam; Inboard, two ends in collision prevention girders is provided with a crashproof support beam, connects an energy-absorbing box guide plate respectively on the left-right symmetric point of side within it simultaneously, and the other end of this energy-absorbing box guide plate is fixed on the Connection Block; Described Connection Block is fixed in respectively on two chassis side raiies, below energy-absorbing box guide plate, is provided with an energy-absorbing box, and an end of this energy-absorbing box is fixed in the connecting portion of energy-absorbing box guide plate and collision prevention girders, and its other end is fixed on the Connection Block.
The utility model also comprises a longeron strengthen box, and this longeron strengthen box is installed in the place ahead of chassis side rail and is positioned at the top of collision prevention girders.
Described energy-absorbing box guide plate is " 7 types " member, its tail end and collision prevention girders Joint, top and Connection Block Joint.
Described energy-absorbing box is rectangle or square hollow member, and its outer wall is provided with the groove of inducing that laterally is parallel to each other more than 2 at least, and the line of centers and the angular range between the horizon of this energy-absorbing box are :-15 ° ~ 27.5 °.
Described longeron strengthen box is the hollow member of a rectangle, and its outside is provided with the annular recess more than at least, on annular recess, offers 4 relative with four end points of longeron strengthen box holes of inducing.
It is affixed each other that described energy-absorbing box guide plate and collision prevention girders are connected bearing through first, and the other end of energy-absorbing box guide plate connects bearing through second and is fixed on the energy-absorbing box connecting panel.
Described first connects the left and right end of bearing is provided with flanging along the collision prevention girders direction, and described flanging and collision prevention girders are affixed each other.
Described Connection Block is the hollow triangular prism member of an inclined-plane opening; One of which right angle face and energy-absorbing box, second bearing are affixed each other; Its another right angle face is affixed each other through the 3rd connection bearing and chassis side rail; The prismatic inside of described hollow is provided with some reinforced ribs, on its each connection end face, offers some lightening holes.
After adopting such scheme; Because the utility model mainly is made up of collision prevention girders, energy-absorbing box, energy-absorbing box guide plate, Connection Block, chassis side rail and crashproof support beam; Between collision prevention girders and Connection Block, be provided with energy-absorbing box and energy-absorbing box guide plate, above collision prevention girders, be provided with the longeron strengthen box simultaneously, through optimization realization crumple mechanism gradual distortion absorbing impact energy when the passenger vehicle central collision takes place of this rational structure layout and material thickness; Reduce the intrusion amount of driving the zone; Make the vehicle body framework construction more reasonable stress, reduce driver and guide's damage risk, improve the passive satety of this vehicle.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment the utility model is further described.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the positive shaft survey of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the rear axle mapping of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the lateral plan of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the birds-eye view of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the front elevation of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the scheme drawing of the utility model energy-absorbing box tilt angle ranges.
The specific embodiment
Like Fig. 1-shown in Figure 5, the utility model is an a kind of passenger vehicle central collision crumple mechanism, and it comprises collision prevention girders 1, energy-absorbing box 2, energy-absorbing box guide plate 3, Connection Block 6, chassis side rail 7, longeron strengthen box 8 and crashproof support beam 9.
Described energy-absorbing box 2 is rectangle or square hollow member, its outer wall be provided with at least laterally be parallel to each other more than 2 induce groove 21.
Described energy-absorbing box guide plate 3 is " 7 types " member, and its tail end connects bearing 31 and collision prevention girders 1 Joint through first, and the top is through the second connection bearing 32 and Connection Block 6 Joints; Described first connects bearing 31 left and right ends is provided with flanging 311 along the collision prevention girders direction, and this flanging 311 is welded to each other with collision prevention girders 1.
Described longeron strengthen box 8 is the hollow member of a rectangle, and its outside is provided with the annular recess 81 more than at least, on annular recess, offers 4 relative with four end points of longeron strengthen box holes 82 of inducing.
Described Connection Block 6 is the hollow triangular prism member of an end inclined-plane opening; One of which right angle face 61 and energy-absorbing box 2, second bearing 32 are affixed each other, and it is affixed each other with chassis side rail 7 that its another right angle face 62 connects bearing 33 through the 3rd, and the prismatic inside of described hollow is provided with some reinforced ribs 63; On its each connection end face, offer some lightening holes 64; Adopt above-mentioned design, can be under the prerequisite that satisfies Connection Block 6 integral rigidity, make the member lightweight of trying one's best.
Concrete assembly relation is following:
Two ends of collision prevention girders 1 are inboard to be spirally connected crashproof support beam 9 and both sides car door column (figure does not show) through bolt each other; It is affixed each other with the tail end of energy-absorbing box guide plate 3 simultaneously to connect bearing 31 through first respectively on the left and right symmetric points of side within it, and the top of its energy-absorbing box guide plate 3 connects bearing 32 through second and is fixed on the edged surface always 61 of Connection Block 6; Two energy-absorbing boxes 2 are arranged on the bottom of energy-absorbing box guide plate 3; The one of which end is fixed on the energy-absorbing box guide plate 3; And being positioned at energy-absorbing box guide plate 3 is connected on the joint face of bearing 31 with first; Its other end is fixed on the edged surface always 61 of Connection Block 6, and the angular range between these energy-absorbing box 2 line of centerss and the horizon is simultaneously :-15 ° ~ 27.5 ° (referring to Fig. 6, the height of installing according to collision prevention girders is provided with); Connection Block 6 connects bearing 33 through the 3rd and is spirally connected each other with chassis side rail 7.
Described longeron strengthen box 8 is installed in the place ahead of chassis side rail 7 through bolted connection and is positioned at the inside front of collision prevention girders 1.
Adopt above-mentioned design, when the passenger vehicle front portion bumps, if the collision object height is lower; Like small passenger car etc., the often collision prevention girders contact that at first bumps connects bearing with its impulsive force backward through first then and is passed to energy-absorbing box guide plate; Because energy-absorbing box guide plate be " fall 7 types " member, can guarantee that the impulsive force major part transmits along energy-absorbing box crumple direction, be connected with crashproof support beam owing to collision prevention girders the inner simultaneously; The car door column of this crashproof support beam and both sides is spirally connected each other, forms a seal force ring with the car door column, makes like this in collision process; Collision prevention girders, first connects bearing, energy-absorbing box guide plate and energy-absorbing box and has produced the destruction distortion; Absorbed most collision energy, and car door column and chassis side rail deflection are all less, have improved the traffic safety performance of passenger vehicle.
When the object height of passenger vehicle collision is higher; As knocking into the back between passenger vehicle and the passenger vehicle; Except buffering, the energy-absorbing function of collision prevention girders mentioned above and other parts, its longeron strengthen box in the setting of collision prevention girders upper inner also can produce buffering, energy-absorbing function, can reduce the impact that chassis side rail is caused greatly like this; Reduce its distortion, can improve the traffic safety performance of passenger vehicle greatly.
The most of mode of being spirally connected that adopts of simultaneously above-mentioned central collision crumple mechanism is assembled, and conveniently is convenient to when passenger vehicle this mechanism repaired or replaced.
The emphasis of the utility model just is: between collision prevention girders and Connection Block, be provided with energy-absorbing box and energy-absorbing box guide plate, simultaneously in the upper inner of collision prevention girders, can set up one with longitudinal bracket affixed longeron strengthen box each other.
The above; Be merely the utility model preferred embodiment; So can not limit the scope that the utility model is implemented with this, the equivalence of promptly doing according to the utility model claim and description changes and modifies, and all should still belong in the scope that the utility model patent contains.

Claims (10)

1. passenger vehicle central collision crumple mechanism, it is characterized in that: it comprises collision prevention girders, energy-absorbing box, energy-absorbing box guide plate, Connection Block, chassis side rail and crashproof support beam; Inboard, two ends in collision prevention girders is provided with a crashproof support beam, connects an energy-absorbing box guide plate respectively on the left-right symmetric point of side within it simultaneously, and the other end of this energy-absorbing box guide plate is fixed on the Connection Block; Described Connection Block is fixed in respectively on two chassis side raiies, below energy-absorbing box guide plate, is provided with an energy-absorbing box, and an end of this energy-absorbing box is fixed in the connecting portion of energy-absorbing box guide plate and collision prevention girders, and its other end is fixed on the Connection Block.
2. passenger vehicle central collision crumple according to claim 1 mechanism, it is characterized in that: it also comprises a longeron strengthen box, this longeron strengthen box is installed in the place ahead of chassis side rail and is positioned at the top of collision prevention girders.
3. passenger vehicle central collision crumple according to claim 1 mechanism is characterized in that: described energy-absorbing box guide plate is " fall 7 types " member, its tail end and collision prevention girders Joint, top and Connection Block Joint.
4. passenger vehicle central collision crumple according to claim 1 mechanism; It is characterized in that: described energy-absorbing box is a hollow member; Its outer wall is provided with the groove of inducing that laterally is parallel to each other more than 2 at least, and the line of centers and the angular range between the horizon of this energy-absorbing box are :-15 ° ~ 27.5 °.
5. passenger vehicle central collision crumple according to claim 4 mechanism, it is characterized in that: described energy-absorbing box is rectangle or square member.
6. passenger vehicle central collision crumple according to claim 2 mechanism, it is characterized in that: described longeron strengthen box is the hollow member of a rectangle, its outside is provided with the annular recess more than at least.
7. passenger vehicle central collision crumple according to claim 6 mechanism is characterized in that: offer 4 relative with four end points of longeron strengthen box holes of inducing on the described annular recess.
8. according to claim 1 or 3 described passenger vehicle central collision crumple mechanisms; It is characterized in that: it is affixed each other that described energy-absorbing box guide plate and collision prevention girders are connected bearing through first, and the other end of energy-absorbing box guide plate connects bearing through second and is fixed on the energy-absorbing box connecting panel.
9. passenger vehicle central collision crumple according to claim 8 mechanism is characterized in that: described first connects the left and right end of bearing is provided with flanging along the collision prevention girders direction, and described flanging and collision prevention girders are affixed each other.
10. passenger vehicle central collision crumple according to claim 1 mechanism; It is characterized in that: described Connection Block is the hollow triangular prism member of an inclined-plane opening; One of which right angle face and energy-absorbing box, second bearing are affixed each other; It is affixed each other with chassis side rail that its another right angle face connects bearing through the 3rd, and described hollow prism inside is provided with some reinforced ribs, on its each connection end face, offers some lightening holes.
CN2011204598694U 2011-11-18 2011-11-18 Direct impact crumpling mechanism for bus Withdrawn - After Issue CN202389463U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204598694U CN202389463U (en) 2011-11-18 2011-11-18 Direct impact crumpling mechanism for bus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204598694U CN202389463U (en) 2011-11-18 2011-11-18 Direct impact crumpling mechanism for bus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202389463U true CN202389463U (en) 2012-08-22

Family

ID=46664407

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011204598694U Withdrawn - After Issue CN202389463U (en) 2011-11-18 2011-11-18 Direct impact crumpling mechanism for bus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202389463U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102398559A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-04-04 厦门金龙联合汽车工业有限公司 Coach frontal collision breakdown contraction mechanism
CN103723100A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-16 长城汽车股份有限公司 Automobile anti-collision box and automobile anti-collision structure
CN106240642A (en) * 2016-08-15 2016-12-21 郑州宇通客车股份有限公司 A kind of vehicle frame and the vehicle with this vehicle frame
CN106394685A (en) * 2016-11-12 2017-02-15 杭州衡源汽车科技有限公司 Anti-collision system of chassis assembly of electric vehicle
CN113276792A (en) * 2021-06-07 2021-08-20 东风柳州汽车有限公司 Vehicle anti-collision assembly

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102398559A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-04-04 厦门金龙联合汽车工业有限公司 Coach frontal collision breakdown contraction mechanism
CN102398559B (en) * 2011-11-18 2016-04-06 厦门金龙联合汽车工业有限公司 Coach frontal collision breakdown contraction mechanism
CN103723100A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-16 长城汽车股份有限公司 Automobile anti-collision box and automobile anti-collision structure
CN106240642A (en) * 2016-08-15 2016-12-21 郑州宇通客车股份有限公司 A kind of vehicle frame and the vehicle with this vehicle frame
CN106394685A (en) * 2016-11-12 2017-02-15 杭州衡源汽车科技有限公司 Anti-collision system of chassis assembly of electric vehicle
CN113276792A (en) * 2021-06-07 2021-08-20 东风柳州汽车有限公司 Vehicle anti-collision assembly
CN113276792B (en) * 2021-06-07 2022-07-19 东风柳州汽车有限公司 Vehicle anticollision subassembly

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN210149273U (en) Little overlapping offset collision automobile body front end integrated configuration
CN202827752U (en) Direct impact conquassation energy absorption structure of passenger car and passenger car with the same
CN202389463U (en) Direct impact crumpling mechanism for bus
CN102398559B (en) Coach frontal collision breakdown contraction mechanism
CN202863353U (en) Anti-collision beam structure of automobile
CN105398411A (en) Vehicle bumper
CN106240641A (en) A kind of small-sized electric car front deck anti-collision structure
CN205059737U (en) Bracket before full frame of vehicle chassis
CN103723197A (en) High-energy-absorption structure of engine room
CN102390432A (en) Automobile longitudinal beam inner plate assembly
CN105313976A (en) Vehicle body for vehicle and vehicle provided with vehicle body
CN205524489U (en) Vehicle roof side rail and have cabin assembly of this roof side rail
CN203237190U (en) Passenger car front anti-collision beam with multiple force transferring paths
CN203438964U (en) Front anti-collision beam for automobile
CN205010335U (en) Car roof side rail and car
CN110789479A (en) Front-end anti-collision device of vehicle body
CN211731556U (en) Front auxiliary frame assembly
CN201961389U (en) Strengthened structure of automobile dash board
CN204750065U (en) Safety precautions thick stick
CN216805599U (en) Anticollision front longitudinal assembly
CN103057497A (en) Front anti-collision beam for passenger car
CN103318265A (en) Rear force transmission structure of automobile
CN202144200U (en) Water tank assembly installing structure for automobile
CN211196369U (en) Butterfly-shaped auxiliary frame front longitudinal and transverse beam structure and butterfly-shaped auxiliary frame
CN204037689U (en) Fender side bar assembly

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20120822

Effective date of abandoning: 20160406

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting