CN202352127U - Three-dimensional automobile driving training simulator - Google Patents

Three-dimensional automobile driving training simulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202352127U
CN202352127U CN2011204406957U CN201120440695U CN202352127U CN 202352127 U CN202352127 U CN 202352127U CN 2011204406957 U CN2011204406957 U CN 2011204406957U CN 201120440695 U CN201120440695 U CN 201120440695U CN 202352127 U CN202352127 U CN 202352127U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
traffic scene
hall
driving cabin
extension arm
simulation computer
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011204406957U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴初娜
张文霞
牛增良
于鹏程
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Changan University
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Changan University
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Priority to CN2011204406957U priority Critical patent/CN202352127U/en
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Publication of CN202352127U publication Critical patent/CN202352127U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a three-dimensional automobile driving training simulator which comprises a control cabin, a control device, a data acquisition device, a data processing singlechip, a traffic scene simulation computer and a traffic scene display device, wherein the control device, the data acquisition device, the data processing singlechip, the traffic scene simulation computer and the traffic scene display device are arranged in the control cabin; a traffic scene simulation computer is stored inside the traffic scene simulation computer; and the control device, the data acquisition device, the data processing singlechip, the traffic scene simulation computer and the traffic scene display device are sequentially connected. The data acquisition device is used for acquiring various parameters in a control process of a driver in real time, rapidly processing the data through the singlechip and then sending the processed signal to the traffic scene simulation computer through an RS-232 interface, the traffic scene simulation computer calculates a traffic scene and a movement state of a vehicle in real time according to a control signal, and the traffic scene and the movement state are displayed on the traffic scene display device. The three-dimensional automobile driving training simulator has the characteristics of strong sense of reality, rapidness in response, accuracy in control and low cost.

Description

A kind of three-dimension automobile driving training simulation device
Technical field
The utility model relates to automobile driving simulation device, is specifically related to a kind of three-dimension automobile driving training simulation device.
Background technology
Along with rapid development of economy, automobile becomes requisite walking-replacing tool in our life gradually, yet traffic hazard also rapidly increases thereupon.Because traffic hazard increases caused casualties and property loss, has seriously hindered Chinese society, expanding economy.Although the extent of injury that many motor corporations adopt more advanced active safety and passive security technology to alleviate accident, the basic reason that causes the traffic hazard generation all is not resolved.Analysis according to road traffic accident can know that the generation of traffic hazard and driver's relation are the closest.Therefore have only the operant level that improves the driver, could fundamentally reduce the generation of traffic hazard, improve driver's drive safety.The effective means that the human pilot level improves be on the road of reality or with real road in the close environment of driving situation in train; But in the road of reality, train its operability almost nil; Thereby need in the simulated environment close with actual road conditions, practice, so also just need to provide the device of road analogy environment for human pilot.
Summary of the invention
To the shortcomings and deficiencies of prior art, the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of three-dimension automobile driving training simulation device.Think that the student pilot provides and the essentially identical simulated training environment of real road conditions, and then make the student pilot in the learning training process, grasp the more actual experience of driving, to reduce the generation of traffic hazard.
For realizing above-mentioned technical assignment, the utility model is taked following technical solution:
A kind of three-dimension automobile driving training simulation device; It is characterized in that, comprise driving cabin and be installed on traffic scene simulation computer and the traffic scene display device that driving cabin interior operating control, data collector, data processing single-chip microcomputer, storage inside have the traffic scene analogue system of designing and developing based on the OSG image render engine and the Newton physical engine of open source code; Said operating control, data collector, data processing single-chip microcomputer, traffic scene simulation computer and traffic scene display device are connected successively;
Said operating control comprises bearing circle, clutch pedal, brake pedal, accelerator pedal, gear case and ignition switch; Said data collector comprises rotary angle transmitter and 13 Hall elements; Said bearing circle is installed in the driving cabin through steering column, and said rotary angle transmitter is installed on the steering column; Said clutch pedal is installed in the driving cabin through the clutch pedal extension arm, and two Hall elements are installed on the said clutch pedal extension arm; Said brake pedal is installed in the driving cabin through the brake pedal extension arm, and two Hall elements are installed on the said brake pedal extension arm; Said accelerator pedal is installed in the driving cabin through the accelerator pedal extension arm, and two Hall elements are installed on the said accelerator pedal extension arm; Said gear case is installed in the driving cabin, and six Hall elements are installed in the gear case; Said ignition switch is installed in the driving cabin, and the ignition switch place is equipped with a Hall element; Said rotary angle transmitter is connected with the data processing single-chip microcomputer respectively with 13 Hall elements.
The other technologies of the utility model are characterized as:
The ATMEGA16 single-chip microcomputer that said data processing single-chip microcomputer adopts Atmel company to produce.
Said traffic scene display device comprises three screen and sound equipments, and this three screen is connected with the traffic scene simulation computer respectively with sound equipment.
The utility model is according to when the driving process of simulated automotive; Each sensor carries out real-time collection to the various parameters in the pilot control process; And these data are carried out fast processing through single-chip microcomputer; Signal after will handling then sends the traffic scene simulation computer to through RS-232 interface, and the traffic scene simulation computer calculates the motion state of traffic scene and automobile in real time according to control signal, and on the traffic scene display device, shows.Realistic strong, the response of this device fast, precise control, characteristics that cost is low.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the work block diagram of the traffic scene simulator of the utility model.
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing the utility model is done further explain.
Embodiment
The three-dimension automobile driving training simulation device of the utility model; It is through generate the three-dimensional Driving Scene in the vehicle traveling process in real time on microcomputer; Come the actual driving procedure of simulated automotive, form correctly thereby reach the training driver, expertly the purpose of driver behavior.Use the three-dimension automobile driving training analog system can substitute partial content and subject in the real vehicle training; Thereby reduce the training drivers cost, also help cultivating the driver in any ability that reliable and fruitful work in emergency circumstances can both be arranged, and have energy-conservation; Safety; Economy, efficient, advantages such as strong sense of reality.
Embodiment:
With reference to figure 1, the three-dimension automobile driving training simulation device of this embodiment comprises driving cabin and is installed on ATMEGA16 single-chip microcomputer, traffic scene simulation computer, three screen and the sound equipments that operating control, data collector, Atmel company in the driving cabin produce;
Said operating control comprises bearing circle, clutch pedal, brake pedal, accelerator pedal, gear case and ignition switch; Said data collector comprises rotary angle transmitter and 13 Hall elements; Said bearing circle is installed in the driving cabin through steering column; On this steering column rotary angle transmitter is installed; Said clutch pedal is installed in the driving cabin through the clutch pedal extension arm, and the corner of two Hall elements with real-time collection bearing circle is installed on this clutch pedal extension arm; Said brake pedal is installed in the driving cabin through the brake pedal extension arm, and the stroke that two Hall elements are gathered clutch pedal in real time is installed on this brake pedal extension arm; Said accelerator pedal is installed in the driving cabin through the accelerator pedal extension arm, and the stroke that two Hall elements are gathered brake pedal in real time is installed on this accelerator pedal extension arm; Said gear case is installed in the driving cabin, and in the gear case position that six Hall elements are gathered gear in real time is installed, and said ignition switch is installed in the driving cabin, and the ignition switch place is equipped with the position that a Hall element is gathered ignition switch in real time; Said rotary angle transmitter is connected with the ATMEGA16 single-chip microcomputer respectively with 13 Hall elements, the output pin of each sensor respectively with data handling system in the corresponding A/D port or the I/O port of single-chip microcomputer be connected; Said traffic scene simulation computer and data processing single-chip microcomputer; Said three screens are connected with the traffic scene simulation computer respectively with sound equipment;
The ATMEGA16 single-chip microcomputer that the Atmel company that adopts in the device produces, it comprises the 8-bit microprocessor of high-performance, low-power consumption, advanced risc architecture, erasable 10,000 times of the EEPROM of 512 bytes, four-way PWM, 8 tunnel 10 ADC, 8 single ended channels; The real-time receiving sensor of this monolithic function detect various informations parameter, and can handle fast and accurately the various informations parameter that receive, the result after will handling simultaneously sends the traffic scene simulation computer to through serial ports of computers RS-232;
Store the traffic scene analogue system of designing and developing based on the OSG image render engine and the Newton physical engine of open source code in the traffic scene simulation calculation; OO image render engine OSG can realize three-dimensional driving environment virtual in the vehicle traveling process, makes the driver that the driving sensation of kind of " on the spot in person " arranged; Physical engine Newton can realize going of automobile really, collision, and rollover is gone up a slope and is waited relatively more complicated driving behavior; With OSG and the Newton use that mutually combines, just can show the driving performance of automobile completely; On the platform of visual studio 2005, write exploitation based on OSG and Newton engine; Image render engine OSG is a kind of OO 3D engine, and it is with C Plus Plus exploitation, use very flexibly; The software developer can make things convenient for through using OSG, and directly exploitation is based on the application program or the software of 3D hardware device.Class libraries among the OSG has not only carried out abstract to whole details of use of the system library of bottom more, and the interface based on real world objects is provided; Physical engine Newton is a performance height, the rigidity physics dynamics simulation storehouse of open source; Its function suitable comprehensively, technology also comparative maturity and platform independence is very strong, is very easy to be used with C or C++; Newton has various senior articulated type and collision detecting system, to the vehicles, and characteristics such as object in the virtual environment and virtual organism are simulated being fit to very, have goodish platform independence, and fast operation and volume are little;
Three screens and sound equipment can not only be real-time the dynamic traffic scene of demonstration and the various motion states of automobile, and the combination sound equipment sends in the vehicle traveling process and quickens, the sound of various motions such as deceleration has strengthened the sense of reality in driver's simulating driving procedure.
The workflow of the utility model device is: the utility model all comes from real vehicle to some basic control members such as bearing circle, accelerator pedal, clutch pedal, brake pedal and the complementary control members such as gear case and ignition switch of car steering process; When the driver is similar to when handling each control member in the operational window of pilothouse and coming drive simulating in inner structure; Each sensor in real time is gathered the state parameter of each control member; To collect to such an extent that state parameter is sent to and carries out fast processing and computing in the data processing single-chip microcomputer then; Obtain the main control parameters of car model; Then these parameters are sent to the traffic scene analogue system in the traffic scene simulation computer through communication port RS-232; Analogue system in conjunction with vehicle performance parameter and last a moving attitude of vehicle constantly, calculates the current new motion state of virtual vehicle according to the data that received; And on the traffic scene display device, show, send mutually deserved driving sound according to the ruuning situation of vehicle simultaneously.The driver just can be in virtual views the real-time ruuning situation of observing institute's steering vehicle, feel the same as travels down in reality.
With reference to Fig. 2, the operational process of the traffic scene simulator of the utility model is: at first explorer is written into the particle template defined file, material defined file, model file, skeleton cartoon file and various image file; The scene management device reads in the three-dimensional Driving Scene of drive simulation from document scene simultaneously; The road parameters manager is written into different kinds of roads information from the road parameters file; The car model manager reads in car model from the car model defined file, the physical parameter of some important mechanism of automobile and form parameter are included in this file; Finish after the above-mentioned preliminary work, the frame audiomonitor of OSG begins circulation to be monitored, and the reading of data processing single chip is passed through the controlled variable that serial ports RS-232 sends in real time, and carries out timely fast processing.Wherein topmost work of treatment is to calculate the new state parameter of car model through simulative automobile manager and road parameters manager.After treatment; The traffic scene analogue system is upgraded according to the new road information and the car model information that obtain; Thereby constantly form new virtual driving scene, and they are shown to the terminal, also be accompanied by simultaneously and quicken or the various sound during running cars motion such as deceleration.

Claims (3)

1. three-dimension automobile driving training simulation device; It is characterized in that, comprise driving cabin and be installed on traffic scene simulation computer and the traffic scene display device that driving cabin interior operating control, data collector, data processing single-chip microcomputer, storage inside have the traffic scene analogue system of designing and developing based on the OSG image render engine and the Newton physical engine of open source code; Said operating control, data collector, data processing single-chip microcomputer, traffic scene simulation computer and traffic scene display device are connected successively;
Said operating control comprises bearing circle, clutch pedal, brake pedal, accelerator pedal, gear case and ignition switch; Said data collector comprises rotary angle transmitter and 13 Hall elements; Said bearing circle is installed in the driving cabin through steering column, and said rotary angle transmitter is installed on the steering column; Said clutch pedal is installed in the driving cabin through the clutch pedal extension arm, and two Hall elements are installed on the said clutch pedal extension arm; Said brake pedal is installed in the driving cabin through the brake pedal extension arm, and two Hall elements are installed on the said brake pedal extension arm; Said accelerator pedal is installed in the driving cabin through the accelerator pedal extension arm, and two Hall elements are installed on the said accelerator pedal extension arm; Said gear case is installed in the driving cabin, and six Hall elements are installed in the gear case; Said ignition switch is installed in the driving cabin, and the ignition switch place is equipped with a Hall element; Said rotary angle transmitter is connected with the data processing single-chip microcomputer respectively with 13 Hall elements.
2. three-dimension automobile driving training simulation device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the ATMEGA16 single-chip microcomputer that said data processing single-chip microcomputer adopts Atmel company to produce.
3. three-dimension automobile driving training simulation device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said traffic scene display device comprises three screen and sound equipments, and this three screen is connected with the traffic scene simulation computer respectively with sound equipment.
CN2011204406957U 2011-11-09 2011-11-09 Three-dimensional automobile driving training simulator Expired - Fee Related CN202352127U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204406957U CN202352127U (en) 2011-11-09 2011-11-09 Three-dimensional automobile driving training simulator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204406957U CN202352127U (en) 2011-11-09 2011-11-09 Three-dimensional automobile driving training simulator

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103426338A (en) * 2013-09-05 2013-12-04 北京汽车股份有限公司 Automobile driving test simulating system
CN104517494A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-15 东莞市新雷神仿真控制有限公司 System for testing brake reaction of driver
CN104820375A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-08-05 上海貘迹网络科技有限公司 Multimedia vehicle simulation system
CN105719530A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-06-29 深圳市中智仿真科技有限公司 Moving-felt platform system of automobile driving simulator and method for simulating automobile driving
CN105894889A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-08-24 合肥工业大学 Multi-dimensional adjustable automobile steering operation simulation and test system and visual control method thereof
CN107315883A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-11-03 云南交通职业技术学院 Perception of velocity method of testing and system

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103426338A (en) * 2013-09-05 2013-12-04 北京汽车股份有限公司 Automobile driving test simulating system
CN104517494A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-15 东莞市新雷神仿真控制有限公司 System for testing brake reaction of driver
CN104820375A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-08-05 上海貘迹网络科技有限公司 Multimedia vehicle simulation system
CN105719530A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-06-29 深圳市中智仿真科技有限公司 Moving-felt platform system of automobile driving simulator and method for simulating automobile driving
CN105719530B (en) * 2016-04-26 2018-11-13 深圳市中智仿真科技有限公司 A kind of method that automobile driving simulator vivid platform system and simulated automotive drive
CN105894889A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-08-24 合肥工业大学 Multi-dimensional adjustable automobile steering operation simulation and test system and visual control method thereof
CN105894889B (en) * 2016-05-09 2018-06-12 合肥工业大学 A kind of multidimensional adjustable automobile handling maneuver simulation and the what comes into a driver's control method of test system
CN107315883A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-11-03 云南交通职业技术学院 Perception of velocity method of testing and system
CN107315883B (en) * 2017-07-03 2020-06-16 云南交通职业技术学院 Velocity perception test method and system

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Granted publication date: 20120725

Termination date: 20121109

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