CN202303400U - Smoke processing device matched with household garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Smoke processing device matched with household garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202303400U
CN202303400U CN201120317349XU CN201120317349U CN202303400U CN 202303400 U CN202303400 U CN 202303400U CN 201120317349X U CN201120317349X U CN 201120317349XU CN 201120317349 U CN201120317349 U CN 201120317349U CN 202303400 U CN202303400 U CN 202303400U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue
control
smoke
bag
thermocouple
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201120317349XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郝东生
王玉利
闫洪滨
郝文仓
付强
李飞舟
陈进岭
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN201120317349XU priority Critical patent/CN202303400U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202303400U publication Critical patent/CN202303400U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A smoke processing device matched with a household garbage incinerator includes a waste heat boiler recovered heat cooling device, a smoke desulfurizer, an activated carbon adsorption device, and a high-temperature bag-type dust collector, which are sequentially arranged from right to left. The waste heat boiler recovered heat cooling device includes a waste heat boiler and a deacidification tower, a smoke inlet and a smoke outlet are arranged on the waste heat boiler, the smoke outlet is connected with a smoke inlet of the deacidification tower through a first flue, a deacidification tower smoke outlet is arranged on the deacidification tower, the high-temperature bag-type dust collector is a bag duster which is connected with the deacidification tower smoke outlet through a second flue, an activated carbon feeding device is arranged on a pipeline connected with the deacidification tower smoke outlet, the bag duster includes a plurality of dust chambers connected in series sequentially, a dust unloading hopper is arranged under the dust chambers, a dust discharging spiral conveyor is arranged under the dust unloading hopper, an evacuation flue is arranged at the upper part of the duster, and a duster smoke discharging pipe is arranged on the bag duster.

Description

The flue gas processing device that domestic waste incineration is supporting
Technical field
The utility model relates to the composition system that the consumer waste incineration flue gas is handled, and is the flue gas processing device that a kind of incinerator that is used to handle domestic waste produces.
Background technology
The rubbish combustible is burned, and is the important component part of Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment.The flue gas processing device of the incinerator that is used at present to burn away the refuse has wet method, dry method and semidry method, wherein semidry method be the smoke treatment effect preferably, also be mandatory requirement in the current national standard.Because house refuse complicated component; The inside comprises organic matter, plastics, rubber, metal, battery and poisonous and hazardous goods and materials; Contain sour gas such as a large amount of sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride in the flue gas after the burning, also be easy to generate extremely toxic substances such as bioxin, the flue gas intractability is very big, and fume treatment auxiliary has high input; Running expense is high, and fault rate is high.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to the problems referred to above, and provides a kind of domestic waste incineration supporting flue gas processing device, can with the supporting use of various domestic waste incinerations, have small investment, running expense is low, practicality is reliable, automaticity is high.
The purpose of the utility model realizes through following technical scheme:
The flue gas processing device that a kind of domestic waste incineration is supporting; Comprise that the waste heat boiler that sets gradually from right to left reclaims heat energy heat sink, flue gas desulfur device, absorbent charcoal adsorber and high temperature bag-type dust collector and constitutes; Said waste heat boiler reclaims the heat energy heat sink and includes waste heat boiler and extracting tower; Waste heat boiler is provided with smoke inlet and exhanst gas outlet, and the exhaust-heat boiler flue gas porch is provided with the 4th thermocouple, and the 4th thermocouple is connected with the control system.Exhanst gas outlet is connected with the extracting tower smoke air inlet through first flue, and extracting tower is provided with the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet, and desulfurizing tower is provided with alkali lye outlet, inspection manhole, alkali lye pond, lye pump, confession alkali liquor pipe, sparge pipe.The high temperature bag-type dust collector is a sack cleaner; Sack cleaner is connected with the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet through second flue; Charcoal absorption partly is arranged on the active carbon charging gear that connects on the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet pipeline, and sack cleaner comprises a plurality of dirt pockets of serial connection successively, and the bag-type dust chamber comprises three; Be 1# bag-type dust chamber, 2# bag-type dust chamber and 3# bag-type dust chamber; 1# bag-type dust chamber magnetic valve group control 1# bag-type dust chamber, 2# bag-type dust chamber magnetic valve group control 2# bag-type dust chamber, 3# bag-type dust chamber magnetic valve group control 3# bag-type dust chamber are provided with ash-unloading hopper in the dirt pocket bottom, unload dirt bucket bottom and are provided with the ash discharge screw machine; At the emptying flue that the top of deduster is provided with, sack cleaner is provided with the sack cleaner smoke discharge tube.
The supporting flue gas processing device of above-mentioned incinerator alive is connected with chimney and flue in turn on the bag-type dust smoke discharge tube, between chimney and flue, also be provided with air-introduced machine, and air-introduced machine is connected with the control system.
The flue gas processing device that above-mentioned domestic waste incineration is supporting, second flue is provided with first pneumatic operated valve, and second flue on the first pneumatic operated valve right side is provided with second thermocouple, and second thermocouple is connected with the control system respectively with first pneumatic operated valve.
The flue gas processing device that above-mentioned domestic waste incineration is supporting also is provided with the bypass flue between second flue and sack cleaner smoke discharge tube, the bypass flue is provided with second air valve.
The flue gas processing device that above-mentioned domestic waste incineration is supporting is characterized in that: first flue is provided with first thermocouple, and first thermocouple is connected with the control system.
The flue gas processing device that above-mentioned domestic waste incineration is supporting, the sack cleaner smoke discharge tube is provided with three thermocouple, and three thermocouple is connected with the control system.
The flue gas processing device that above-mentioned domestic waste incineration is supporting, said active carbon charging gear is provided with from measuring device, and autmatic measuring device is connected with the control system.
The utility model sets gradually from right to left: waste heat boiler reclaims heat energy cooling part, deacidifying flue gas part, charcoal absorption part, high temperature cloth bag dust removal part, air inducing discharge unit and automation control section.
The technical scheme of the utility model also comprises: the temperature thermocouple installation site of high temperature section, low-temperature zone and with control of the temperature that connects and composes of automatic control system and protection system.
This flue gas of refuse burning treating apparatus has following advantage:
1, adopted independently waste heat boiler cooling and energy recovery structure, can select the type of furnace as required, have supporting flexibly, practical, be convenient to safeguard, function easy and simple to handle.
2, the extracting tower that is provided with has been equipped with the multilayer spraying shower nozzle, and is big with the flue gas contact area, and it is high to remove sour gas efficient, and alkali lye spraying system automation control can be regulated spouting liquid automatically according to exhaust gas volumn, and economical operation is reliable.
3, the high temperature cloth bag dust collector of configuration is the off-line type cleaning, and efficiency of dust collection is high, and the resistant glass fiber high temperature cloth of configuration can adapt to the smoke components of moisture height, complicated component, has acidproof, alkaline-resisting, corrosion-resistant, anti-oxidant, resistant to elevated temperatures characteristics, long service life.
4, the active carbon metering device of configuration adopts the real time computer control system, and the amount that can spray active carbon according to exhaust gas volumn is removed bioxin, heavy metal efficient height.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
The supporting flue gas processing device of a kind of domestic waste incineration as depicted in figs. 1 and 2; Comprise that the waste heat boiler that sets gradually from right to left reclaims heat energy heat sink, flue gas desulfur device, absorbent charcoal adsorber and high temperature bag-type dust collector and constitutes; Said waste heat boiler reclaims the heat energy heat sink and includes waste heat boiler 3 and extracting tower 6; Waste heat boiler 3 is provided with smoke inlet 1 and exhanst gas outlet; Exhaust-heat boiler flue gas 1 place that enters the mouth is provided with the 4th thermocouple 2, the four thermocouples 2 and is connected with the control system.Exhanst gas outlet is connected with the extracting tower smoke air inlet through first flue 4, and first flue 4 is provided with first thermocouple, 5, the first thermocouples 5 and is connected with the control system.Extracting tower 6 is provided with the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet, and desulfurizing tower is provided with alkali lye outlet 7, inspection manhole 8, alkali lye pond 9, lye pump 10, supplies alkali liquor pipe 11, sparge pipe 12.The high temperature bag-type dust collector is a sack cleaner, and sack cleaner is connected with the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet through second flue 13, and charcoal absorption partly is arranged on the active carbon charging gear 25 that connects on the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet pipeline; Said active carbon charging gear 25 is provided with from measuring device; Autmatic measuring device is connected with the control system, and the amount of active carbon is advanced in control automatically, and sack cleaner comprises a plurality of dirt pockets of serial connection successively; The bag-type dust chamber comprises three; Be 1# bag-type dust chamber 19,2# bag-type dust chamber 20 and 3# bag-type dust chamber 21,1# bag-type dust chamber magnetic valve group control 1# bag-type dust chambers 22,2# bag-type dust chamber magnetic valve group control 2# bag-type dust chambers 23,3# bag-type dust chamber magnetic valve group control 3# bag-type dust chambers 24, magnetic valve group control dirt pocket switch; Be provided with ash-unloading hopper 17 in the dirt pocket bottom; Unload dirt bucket 17 bottoms and be provided with ash discharge screw machine 18, at the emptying flue 27 that the top of deduster is provided with, sack cleaner is provided with sack cleaner smoke discharge tube 30; On bag-type dust smoke discharge tube 28, be connected with chimney 32 and flue 33 in turn; Between chimney 32 and flue 33, also be provided with air-introduced machine 31, air-introduced machine 31 is connected with the control system, and the flue gas after will handling is apace drawn flue.Second flue that second flue 13 is provided with first pneumatic operated valve, 15, the first pneumatic operated valves, 15 right sides is provided with second thermocouple, 14, the second thermocouples 14 and is connected the Convenient switch pneumatic operated valve respectively with the control system with first pneumatic operated valve 15.Between second flue 13 and sack cleaner smoke discharge tube 30, also be provided with bypass flue 26, bypass flue 26 is provided with second air valve, 28, the second air valves 28 and is connected with the control system.Sack cleaner smoke discharge tube 30 is provided with three thermocouple 29, the three thermocouples 29 and is connected with the control system.
This flue gas of refuse burning treating apparatus is divided into six parts from right to left: waste heat boiler reclaims heat energy cooling part, deacidifying flue gas part, charcoal absorption part, high temperature cloth bag dust removal part, air inducing discharge unit and automation control section.This six part the time can be established one's own system in construction, and each several part is the construction technology of assembly unit again after the moulding respectively.Waste heat boiler in its six part reclaims heat energy cooling part and includes gas approach 1, thermocouple 2, waste heat boiler 3, exhanst gas outlet 4 and thermocouple 5; This waste heat boiler can be equipped with steam turbine engine when adopting the steam boiler form and utilize steam-electric power; Can be thermal water utilization also with steam-reforming; Waste heat boiler has automatic soot blower, and the self-timing deashing had both protected internal duct also to improve the thermal efficiency.Deacidifying flue gas partly comprises flue 4, extracting tower body 6, alkali lye outlet 7, inspection manhole 8, alkali lye pond 9, lye pump 10, confession alkali liquor pipe 11, sparge pipe 12, the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet 13 that is connected with waste heat boiler, and this extracting tower has been equipped with the multilayer spraying shower nozzle; Big with the flue gas contact area, it is high to remove sour gas efficient, alkali lye spraying system automation control; Can regulate spouting liquid automatically according to exhaust gas volumn; High-pressure pump atomizes alkali lye, fully contacts with sour gas, and contact surface is long-pending big; Deacidification efficiency is high, and economical operation is reliable.Charcoal absorption partly comprises feed bin and feeder 25; Be installed in the inlet of sack cleaner, spray people's active carbon can be recycled, this device is a visual plant of removing bioxin; Combine with computer control system; Can control the spray people amount of active carbon according to exhaust gas volumn in real time, operating cost is low, reliable in function.High temperature cloth bag dust removal part comprises flue 13, thermocouple 14, operated pneumatic valve 15, sack cleaner body 16, ash-unloading hopper 17, ash discharge screw machine 18,1# bag-type dust chamber 19,2# bag-type dust chamber 20,3# bag-type dust chamber 21,1# bag-type dust chamber magnetic valve group 22,2# bag-type dust chamber magnetic valve group 23,1# bag-type dust chamber magnetic valve group 24, bypass flue 26, emptying flue 27, operated pneumatic valve 28, thermocouple 20, the exhanst gas outlet 30 that is connected with extracting tower, and this high temperature cloth bag dust collector is the off-line type cleaning, promptly always has two dirt pockets in running order; A dirt pocket detachment system is in the deashing state, and deashing is thorough, and efficiency of dust collection is high; Dispose corrosion-resistant, resistant to elevated temperatures glass fabric, adopt the computer real-time temperature control system, control gets into the temperature of sack cleaner import; With the cloth bag in the protection deduster, through the temperature of thermocouple 14 detection flue gases, when flue-gas temperature is higher than the rated temperature of cloth bag; Pneumatic operated valve 15 cuts out; Open operated pneumatic valve 28, use bypass flue 26, enter flue 30 to high-temperature flue gas; Protected cloth bag not burnt out; When computer detects flue-gas temperature and is lower than the rated temperature of cloth bag through thermocouple 14, open operated pneumatic valve 15 automatically, close operated pneumatic valve 28 simultaneously automatically; Recover normal operating conditions; When the induced draught system device fails of sack cleaner back, computer control system is closed operated pneumatic valve 15, operated pneumatic valve 28 automatically, is opened evacuation port 27 automatically, with protection CIU equipment.The air inducing discharge unit comprises inlet pipeline 30, the air-introduced machine 31 of blower fan, the outlet conduit 32 and the chimney 33 of blower fan; The air quantity of air-introduced machine is controlled by frequency conversion speed-adjusting system; According to blower fan import exhaust gas volumn size adjustment blower fan running speed, reach the purpose of control exhaust gas volumn.Automation control system comprises industrial computer, PLC, thermocouple, frequency converter, electric operator, pneumatic actuator composition, controls each system equipment co-ordination, makes system equipment operate in optimum Working.

Claims (7)

1. flue gas processing device that domestic waste incineration is supporting; It is characterized in that: comprise that the waste heat boiler that sets gradually from right to left reclaims heat energy heat sink, flue gas desulfur device, absorbent charcoal adsorber and high temperature bag-type dust collector and constitutes; Said waste heat boiler reclaims the heat energy heat sink and includes waste heat boiler (3) and extracting tower (6); Waste heat boiler (3) is provided with smoke inlet (1) and exhanst gas outlet, and exhanst gas outlet is connected with the extracting tower smoke air inlet through first flue (4), and extracting tower (6) is provided with the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet; The high temperature bag-type dust collector is a sack cleaner; Sack cleaner is connected with the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet through second flue (13), and charcoal absorption partly is arranged on the active carbon charging gear (25) that connects on the extracting tower exhanst gas outlet pipeline, and sack cleaner comprises a plurality of dirt pockets of serial connection successively; Be provided with ash-unloading hopper (17) in the dirt pocket bottom; Unload dirt bucket (17) bottom and be provided with ash discharge screw machine (18), at the emptying flue (27) that the top of deduster is provided with, each dirt pocket is provided with the magnetic valve group; Magnetic valve group control dirt pocket switch, sack cleaner is provided with sack cleaner smoke discharge tube (30).
2. the supporting flue gas processing device of domestic waste incineration according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: on bag-type dust smoke discharge tube (28), be connected with chimney (32) and flue (33) in turn; Between chimney (32) and flue (33), also be provided with air-introduced machine (31), air-introduced machine (31) is connected with the control system.
3. the supporting flue gas processing device of domestic waste incineration according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: second flue (13) is provided with first pneumatic operated valve (15); Second flue on first pneumatic operated valve (15) right side is provided with second thermocouple (14), and second thermocouple (14) is connected with the control system respectively with first pneumatic operated valve (15).
4. the supporting flue gas processing device of domestic waste incineration according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: between second flue (13) and sack cleaner smoke discharge tube (30), also be provided with bypass flue (26); Bypass flue (26) is provided with second air valve (28), and second air valve (28) is connected with the control system.
5. the supporting flue gas processing device of domestic waste incineration according to claim 4 is characterized in that: first flue (4) is provided with first thermocouple (5), and first thermocouple (5) is connected with the control system.
6. the supporting flue gas processing device of domestic waste incineration according to claim 5 is characterized in that: sack cleaner smoke discharge tube (30) is provided with three thermocouple (29), and three thermocouple (29) is connected with the control system.
7. the supporting flue gas processing device of domestic waste incineration according to claim 6 is characterized in that: said active carbon charging gear (25) is provided with from measuring device, and autmatic measuring device is connected with the control system.
CN201120317349XU 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Smoke processing device matched with household garbage incinerator Expired - Fee Related CN202303400U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120317349XU CN202303400U (en) 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Smoke processing device matched with household garbage incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120317349XU CN202303400U (en) 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Smoke processing device matched with household garbage incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202303400U true CN202303400U (en) 2012-07-04

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102901107A (en) * 2011-08-29 2013-01-30 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Smoke processing device matched with household garbage incinerator
CN106705051A (en) * 2015-11-12 2017-05-24 衡阳衡锅锅炉有限公司 Novel energy-saving garbage incinerator

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102901107A (en) * 2011-08-29 2013-01-30 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Smoke processing device matched with household garbage incinerator
CN106705051A (en) * 2015-11-12 2017-05-24 衡阳衡锅锅炉有限公司 Novel energy-saving garbage incinerator

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120704

Termination date: 20150829

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model