CN202271824U - Novel hybrid device for automobile - Google Patents

Novel hybrid device for automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202271824U
CN202271824U CN2011204257134U CN201120425713U CN202271824U CN 202271824 U CN202271824 U CN 202271824U CN 2011204257134 U CN2011204257134 U CN 2011204257134U CN 201120425713 U CN201120425713 U CN 201120425713U CN 202271824 U CN202271824 U CN 202271824U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
automobile
motor
planet gear
rows
driving engine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011204257134U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史广奎
王仁广
孔治国
王斌
陈红涛
王伟
张林涛
于潮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co Ltd filed Critical China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011204257134U priority Critical patent/CN202271824U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202271824U publication Critical patent/CN202271824U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles

Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel hybrid device for an automobile. The novel hybrid device for the automobile comprises an engine, a locking mechanism, two generators/motors, two rows of planet gear mechanisms and two shafts, wherein the locking mechanism is used for locking the engine; an output shaft of the engine is connected with a first shaft; the first shaft is connected with a planet frame of a first row of planet gear mechanisms; a rotor of the first generator/motor is connected with a sun wheel of the first row of planet gear mechanisms; and a rotor of a second generator/motor is connected with a sun wheel of the second row of planet gear mechanisms. By using the novel hybrid device disclosed by the utility model, the engine is locked by using the locking mechanism; double motors are used for driving in the form of motors at the same time when pure electric mode of the hybrid automobile is realized; the hybrid driving is adopted in other cases; the power property of the hybrid automobile is improved without changing the original double motor; and without changing the power property of the original hybrid automobile, volumes of the motor and the motor controller are reduced, the resources are saved and the cost is reduced.

Description

A kind of automobile is used the novel hybrid device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of mixed power plant, especially a kind of novel hybrid device with the engine lock locking mechanism.
Background technology
Usually, be divided into series, parallel and three kinds of structure types of series-parallel connection to the automotive mixed Power Drive Unit that closes.Cascaded structure is crossed to hang down because of driving efficiency and is eliminated gradually.The advantage of parallel-connection structure is that driving efficiency is high, and shortcoming is the working speed that self can not adjust driving engine.Hybrid connected structure has overcome parallelly connected shortcoming, and Combination property is better.
The representative type hybrid connected structure is made up of driving engine, electrical generator, electrical motor, common sun and planet gear; Be coupled and distribution device as power with sun and planet gear; For automobile provides pure electronic, two kinds of drive patterns of series-parallel connection driving; But there is following problem in this system: be exactly that electrical generator can only be done electrical generator except being used as the electrical motor when the start the engine usually; Can not cause the waste on the function as drive motor direct drive automotive use, can not bring into play the advantage that two motors drive simultaneously.
Address the above problem, help further to improve the dynamic property of hybrid vehicle.
The utility model content
To above-mentioned prior art; The utility model provides a kind of automobile to use the novel hybrid device; Utilize lockable mechanism wherein that driving engine is carried out locking; Realizing that hybrid vehicle is pure when electronic, double-motor drives with the electrical motor mode simultaneously, thereby has improved the dynamic property of hybrid vehicle.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above; A kind of automobile of the utility model with the technical scheme that the novel hybrid device is achieved is: this mixed power plant comprises driving engine, lockable mechanism, first electric generator/electric motor, power coupler, second electric generator/electric motor, second, primary shaft; Said power coupler is made up of the first rows of planetary gear mechanism and second series sun and planet gear; Said lockable mechanism comprises electromagnet, lock pin, integrated gear ring platen and damping friction disc; The flywheel of said driving engine connects with said primary shaft, and said primary shaft is connected with the pinion carrier of the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism; Said lockable mechanism is used for locking is carried out in the rotation of the pinion carrier of said driving engine, said primary shaft, the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism; The rotor of said first electric generator/electric motor links to each other with the sun wheel of the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism; The external toothing of said second series sun and planet gear is fixed, and the rotor of said second electric generator/electric motor links to each other with the sun wheel of said second series sun and planet gear, and the pinion carrier of said second series sun and planet gear is connected with said second.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect of the utility model is:
The utility model has solved and has adopted in double-motor and the hybrid vehicle of planet row for power distribution and coupling; Can only do electrical generator and can not be as the problem of drive motor drives automobile as outside the motor start-up driving engine short time by all the other times when engine starting for one of them motor.Under original double-motor unmodified situation, can be implemented in the driving under automobile electric-only mode and the hybrid mode like this.Promptly realize automobile pure when electronic double-motor drive simultaneously, be that series-parallel connection drives under other situation.The utility model has improved the hybrid vehicle dynamic property; Under original hybrid vehicle dynamic property unmodified situation, reduced motor volume, its electric machine controller volume is also corresponding to be reduced, and economizes on resources cost-cutting.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation sketch of a kind of automobile of the utility model with the novel hybrid device;
Main description of reference numerals among the figure:
The 1-driving engine, 2-lockable mechanism, 3-first electric generator/electric motor, the 4-first rows of planetary gear mechanism, 5-second series sun and planet gear, 6-second electric generator/electric motor, second of 7-, 8-primary shaft.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment the utility model is done to describe in further detail.
Shown in accompanying drawing 1, a kind of automobile of the utility model comprises driving engine 1, lockable mechanism 2, first electric generator/electric motor 3, power coupler with the novel hybrid device, second electric generator/electric motor 6, second spool 7, primary shaft 8; Said power coupler is made up of with second series sun and planet gear 5 the first rows of planetary gear mechanism 4; Said lockable mechanism 2 comprises electromagnet 201, lock pin 202, integrated gear ring platen 203 and damping friction disc 204; The flywheel 101 of said driving engine 1 connects with said primary shaft 8, and said primary shaft 8 is connected with the pinion carrier 402 of the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism 4; Said lockable mechanism 2 is used for locking is carried out in the rotation of the pinion carrier 402 of said driving engine 1, said primary shaft 8, the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism 4; The rotor 301 of said first electric generator/electric motor 3 links to each other with the sun wheel 401 of the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism 4; The external toothing 503 of said second series sun and planet gear 5 is fixing; The rotor 601 of said second electric generator/electric motor (6) links to each other with the sun wheel 501 of said second series sun and planet gear 5, and the pinion carrier 502 of said second series sun and planet gear 5 is connected with said second 7.
The type of drive that above-mentioned mixed power plant can be realized is following:
Automobile is under electric-only mode, and said first electric generator/electric motor 3 and second electric generator/electric motor 8 are all worked with the electrical motor mode; Said 2 lockable mechanisms are to said driving engine 1 locking; Said driving engine 1 is not worked; The pinion carrier 402 of said primary shaft 8 and the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism 4 is not rotated; The outputting power of said first electric generator/electric motor 3 is coupled after said second 7 output is used for powered vehicle with the power of said second electric generator/electric motor 6 through pinion carrier 502 outputs of said second series sun and planet gear 5 through the external toothing output of the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism 4.
Automobile is under hybrid mode, and the locking that said lockable mechanism 2 is removed said driving engine 1, said first motor/electrical motor at first 6 are worked with the electrical motor mode, start said driving engine 1; Said driving engine 1 starts said first electric generator/electric motor 6 in back and works with the electrical generator mode; Said second electric generator/electric motor 6 is worked with the electrical motor mode; The outputting power of said driving engine 1 is after the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism 4 distributes; Part power is used to drive 3 generatings of said first electric generator/electric motor; Another part is exported with said second electric generator/electric motor 6 after the power coupling of pinion carrier 502 outputs of said second series sun and planet gear 5 through the external toothing of the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism 4, drives automobile by said second 7 output, and the formation series-parallel connection drives.
The process of 2 pairs of said driving engine 1 lockings of the lockable mechanism in the utility model is: said electromagnet 201 energisings promote said lock pin 202 and move; Said lock pin 202 is with the external toothing engagement of said integrated gear ring platen 203; Flywheel 101 lockings of said driving engine 1; And then the rotation of said primary shaft 8, said first planet row's 4 pinion carrier 402 carried out locking, thereby realize locking to said driving engine 1.The above-mentioned latch functions to said driving engine 1 of said lockable mechanism 2 realizations is accomplished under said driving engine 1 flameout state; Said lockable mechanism 2 prevents that the process of transmission shaft overload from being: when occurring the torque load overload between said driving engine 1 and the said primary shaft 8, said damping friction disc 204 skids between said engine flywheel 101 and said integrated gear ring platen 203 to realize preventing the overload of transmission shaft; Said lockable mechanism 2 realizes that the process of elastic compression is: on the flywheel 101 of said integrated gear ring platen 203 through the said driving engine 1 of being bolted to of circumferential arrangement; Simultaneously said damping friction disc 204 is pressed between the lateral surface and said integrated gear ring platen 203 of said engine flywheel 101, its inboard platen is an elastic compression to said damping friction disc 204.
Above-mentioned embodiment realized pure when electronic double-motor drive automobile as the electrical motor mode simultaneously, improve the hybrid vehicle dynamic property.
Below schematically the content and the principle of work of the utility model is described, this description does not have restricted, the also example of the embodiment of the utility model just shown in the accompanying drawing, and practical structure is not limited thereto.So, if those skilled in the art is enlightened by it, create under the situation of aim not breaking away from the utility model, adopt other form, design with similar structure of the utility model and embodiment, also belong to the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (1)

1. an automobile is used the novel hybrid device, comprises driving engine (1), lockable mechanism (2), first electric generator/electric motor (3), power coupler, second electric generator/electric motor (6), second (7), primary shaft (8); Said power coupler is made up of the first rows of planetary gear mechanism (4) and second series sun and planet gear (5); Said lockable mechanism (2) comprises electromagnet (201), lock pin (202), integrated gear ring platen (203) and damping friction disc (204);
It is characterized in that:
The flywheel (101) of said driving engine (1) connects with said primary shaft (8), and said primary shaft (8) is connected with the pinion carrier (402) of the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism (4);
Said lockable mechanism (2) is used for locking is carried out in the rotation of the pinion carrier (402) of said driving engine (1), said primary shaft (8), the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism (4);
The rotor (301) of said first electric generator/electric motor (3) links to each other with the sun wheel (401) of the said first rows of planetary gear mechanism (4);
The external toothing (503) of said second series sun and planet gear (5) is fixing; The rotor (601) of said second electric generator/electric motor (6) links to each other with the sun wheel (501) of said second series sun and planet gear (5), and the pinion carrier (502) of said second series sun and planet gear (5) is connected with said second (7).
CN2011204257134U 2011-11-01 2011-11-01 Novel hybrid device for automobile Expired - Fee Related CN202271824U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204257134U CN202271824U (en) 2011-11-01 2011-11-01 Novel hybrid device for automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204257134U CN202271824U (en) 2011-11-01 2011-11-01 Novel hybrid device for automobile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202271824U true CN202271824U (en) 2012-06-13

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Country Link
CN (1) CN202271824U (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103010009A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-04-03 河南科技大学 Electric vehicle power system and two-speed power transmission device thereof
CN103660911A (en) * 2014-01-08 2014-03-26 上海馨联动力系统有限公司 Engine locking double-motor single-planetary-line two-stage speed reduction hybrid power system
CN103978882A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-08-13 长城汽车股份有限公司 Power transmission device of hybrid power vehicle
CN104228538A (en) * 2013-06-23 2014-12-24 哈尔滨鑫业电动车技术开发有限公司 Multi-mode drive system of electric vehicle
CN104890495A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-09-09 吉林大学 Dual-clutch planetary petrol-electric hybrid dual-mode hybrid power system
CN105291808A (en) * 2014-06-04 2016-02-03 中山大学 Hybrid power transmission and integration system and control method thereof
CN106080587A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-09 中国汽车技术研究中心 A kind of control method for coordinating for multi-mode hybrid device

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103010009A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-04-03 河南科技大学 Electric vehicle power system and two-speed power transmission device thereof
CN103010009B (en) * 2012-11-29 2016-02-10 河南科技大学 Electric vehicle powertrain and two gear variable-speed dynamic drivings device thereof
CN104228538A (en) * 2013-06-23 2014-12-24 哈尔滨鑫业电动车技术开发有限公司 Multi-mode drive system of electric vehicle
CN103660911A (en) * 2014-01-08 2014-03-26 上海馨联动力系统有限公司 Engine locking double-motor single-planetary-line two-stage speed reduction hybrid power system
CN103978882A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-08-13 长城汽车股份有限公司 Power transmission device of hybrid power vehicle
CN103978882B (en) * 2014-05-30 2016-08-17 长城汽车股份有限公司 The power transmission of motor vehicle driven by mixed power
CN105291808A (en) * 2014-06-04 2016-02-03 中山大学 Hybrid power transmission and integration system and control method thereof
CN105291808B (en) * 2014-06-04 2018-02-23 中山大学 Hybrid power transmission integration system and its control method
CN104890495A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-09-09 吉林大学 Dual-clutch planetary petrol-electric hybrid dual-mode hybrid power system
CN106080587A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-09 中国汽车技术研究中心 A kind of control method for coordinating for multi-mode hybrid device
CN106080587B (en) * 2016-08-22 2018-08-31 中国汽车技术研究中心 A kind of control method for coordinating for multi-mode hybrid device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120613

Termination date: 20161101

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee