CN202271800U - Double-connection balance suspension frame of steel plate spring and air spring combination for automobile - Google Patents

Double-connection balance suspension frame of steel plate spring and air spring combination for automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202271800U
CN202271800U CN2011203621570U CN201120362157U CN202271800U CN 202271800 U CN202271800 U CN 202271800U CN 2011203621570 U CN2011203621570 U CN 2011203621570U CN 201120362157 U CN201120362157 U CN 201120362157U CN 202271800 U CN202271800 U CN 202271800U
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China
Prior art keywords
automobile
air
spring
air bellow
bolt
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2011203621570U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
缪菊平
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Shaanxi Heavy Duty Automobile Co Ltd
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Shaanxi Heavy Duty Automobile Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2011203621570U priority Critical patent/CN202271800U/en
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Abstract

A double-connection balance suspension frame of steel plate spring and air spring combination for an automobile comprises a front suspension frame and a rear suspension frame. The front suspension frame comprises a steel plate spring, a steel plate spring support and a first air spring. The first end of the steel plate spring is connected with the bottom of the steel plate spring support, and the second end of the steel plate spring is connected with the bottom of the first air spring. The rear suspension frame comprises an air bag support beam, a second air spring and a third air spring. The bottom of the second air spring is connected with the first end of the air bag support beam. The bottom of the third air spring is connected with the second end of the air bag support beam. The middle portion of a balance beam is connected with the upper portion of a balance beam support. The first end of the balance beam is connected with the top portion of the first air spring. The second end of the balance beam is connected with the top portion of the second air spring. The bottom of the balance beam support is connected with the first end of a side thrust rod. The second end of the side thrust rod is connected with the bottom of the air bag support beam. The upper portion of the steel plate spring support, the upper portion of the balance beam support and the top portion of the third air bag are respectively connected with a car frame through bolts.

Description

Automobile steel laminated spring and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of automobile and uses suspension, relates in particular to a kind of automobile steel laminated spring and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension.
Background technology
Be used for now, the air spring suspension of heavy motor vehicle, its air bag all adopts one, its load-carrying capacity a little less than; The duplex suspension is two independently suspension combinations, does not have balance between the suspension, trafficability and suspension system ground connection poor-performing.
The utility model content
For solve existing in, in the heavy motor vehicle a little less than the load-carrying capacity and the problem of ground connection property difference, the utility model proposes steel spring and makes up the duplex balance suspension with air bellow.
Automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension, it comprises front suspension and rear suspension; Said front suspension comprises steel spring, steel spring bearing, first air bellow; First end of said steel spring is connected with the bottom of said steel spring bearing through bearing pin; Second end of said steel spring is connected with the bottom of said first air bellow through bolt; Said rear suspension comprises air bag support beam, second air bellow, the 3rd air bellow; Bolted connection is passed through on first end of said air bag support beam in the bottom of said second air bellow; Bolted connection is passed through on second end of said air bag support beam in the bottom of said the 3rd air bellow; Also comprising of said automobile steel laminated spring and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension: equalizing bar, equalizing bar bearing, side thrust bar; The middle part of said equalizing bar is connected with the top of said equalizing bar bearing through bearing pin or bolt; First end of said equalizing bar is connected with the top of said first air bellow through bolt; Second end of said equalizing bar is connected with the top of said second air bellow through bolt; The bottom of said equalizing bar bearing is connected with first end of said side thrust bar through bolt; Second end of said side thrust bar is connected with the bottom of said air bag support beam through bolt; The top of said steel spring bearing is connected with automobile chassis frame through bolt; The top of said equalizing bar bearing is connected with automobile chassis frame through bolt; The top of said the 3rd air bag is connected with automobile chassis frame through bolt.
Preferably, further comprise first bumper and second bumper, first vibration damping mounting and second vibration damping mounting; First end of said first bumper is connected with automobile chassis frame through first vibration damping mounting, and second end is connected in said steel spring; First end of said second bumper is connected with automobile chassis frame through second vibration damping mounting, and second end is connected in said air bag support beam; First vibration damping mounting is connected with automobile chassis frame through bolt respectively with second vibration damping mounting.
Preferably, the middle part of said steel spring is connected with first drive axle of automobile; The middle part of said air bag support beam is connected with second drive axle of automobile.
Preferably, the cross-sectional plane of said air bag support beam is " worker " font.
Preferably, said first, second, third air bellow is identical parts, but mutual alternative is used.
Preferably, said first bumper is identical parts with second bumper, but mutual alternative is used.
Preferably, further comprise horizontal propelling rod bearing, horizontal propelling rod; First end of said horizontal propelling rod is connected with said first drive axle, and second end of said horizontal propelling rod is connected with said horizontal propelling rod bearing; Said horizontal propelling rod bearing is connected in automobile chassis frame.
In the utility model, because air bag adopts the structural shape of two air bags and steel spring and air bag combination, load-carrying capacity is big; Propelling rod adopts the side pattern, and vehicle frame inner space degree of utilization is higher; Under same load required, system pressure was less in the air bag; With the diameter that can reduce air bag under the equipressure, be convenient in car load, install; Air bag supports beam section and adopts " worker " font structure, and rigidity and load-carrying capacity are better; A bolted connection, easy accessibility are adopted with being connected of support beam in the air bag bottom; Be designed with equalizing bar between two suspensions, when Dang Yiqiao is unsettled, regulate the suspension height, improve trafficability and suspension system ground connection performance through equalizing bar.And because each air bellow adopts identical component set-up, each bumper employing same parts constitutes, so can replace use, this provides convenience for produce assembling and keep in repair in the future.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and the front view of air bellow combination duplex balance suspension;
Fig. 2 is the automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and the birds-eye view of air bellow combination duplex balance suspension;
Fig. 3 is the automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and the block diagram of air bellow combination duplex balance suspension;
Fig. 4 is automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and the front view that air bellow makes up the air bag support beam of duplex balance suspension;
Fig. 5 is automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and the birds-eye view that air bellow makes up the air bag support beam of duplex balance suspension;
Fig. 6 is automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and the block diagram that air bellow makes up the air bag support beam of duplex balance suspension;
Fig. 7 is that air bag support beam among Fig. 6 is along the section drawing of A-A line;
Fig. 8 is automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and the block diagram that air bellow makes up the equalizing bar bearing of duplex balance suspension;
Fig. 9 is automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and the block diagram that air bellow makes up the side thrust bar of duplex balance suspension;
Figure 10 is automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and the block diagram that air bellow makes up the equalizing bar of duplex balance suspension.
Description of reference numerals:
11: steel spring; 12: the first air bellows; 13: the first bumpers;
14: preceding horizontal propelling rod bearing; 15: the steel spring bearing; 16: load sensing valve;
17: horizontal propelling rod; 22a: second air bellow; 22b: the 3rd air bellow;
23: the second bumpers; 24: the air bag support beam; 25: the upper limit bearing;
26: bolt; 31: the equalizing bar bearing; 32: equalizing bar;
33: the side thrust bar; 41: the first drive axles; 42: the second drive axles.
The specific embodiment
To combine accompanying drawing that the utility model is elaborated below.
Shown in Fig. 1-3, automobile steel laminated spring of the utility model and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension mainly comprise first front suspension and rear suspension.
Front suspension mainly comprises: steel spring bearing 15, steel spring 11, first air bellow 12; Steel spring bearing 15 tops connect to ground through bolt, and steel spring bearing 15 bottoms are connected with first end of steel spring 11 through bearing pin or bolt, and are positioned at steel spring 11 tops; Second end of steel spring 11 is connected with the bottom of first air bellow 12 through bolt; First end of the top of first air bellow 12 and equalizing bar 32 (shown in figure 10) is through bearing pin or bolted connection.
Rear suspension mainly comprises: the second air bellow 22a, the 3rd air bellow 22b, air bag support beam 24.The top of the second air bellow 22a is connected with second end of equalizing bar 32 through bearing pin or bolt; The bottom of the second air bellow 22a is connected with first end of air bag support beam 24 through bolt and is positioned on the air bag support beam 24; Second end of air bag support beam 24 is connected with the bottom of the 3rd air bellow 22b through bolt, makes the 3rd air bellow 22b position on it, and the top of the 3rd air bellow 22b is connected in vehicle frame.
The middle part of equalizing bar 32 is connected with the top of equalizing bar bearing 31 (as shown in Figure 8) through bearing pin or bolt; The bottom of equalizing bar bearing 31 is connected with first end of side thrust bar 33 (as shown in Figure 9) through bolt; Second end of side thrust bar 33 is connected with the bottom of air bag support beam 24 through bolt.The top of equalizing bar bearing 31 connects to ground through bolt.
Front suspension and rear suspension also can comprise first bumper 13 and second bumper 23 respectively.First end of first bumper 13 connects to ground through vibration damping mounting, and second end is connected with steel spring 11 through bolt.First end of second bumper 23 connects to ground through vibration damping mounting, and second end is connected with air bag support beam 24 through bolt.
The middle part of steel spring 11 is combined with first drive axle 41 through bolt 26; The middle part of air bag support beam 24 is combined with second drive axle 42 through bolt 26.
Shown in Fig. 4-7, the cross-sectional plane of air bag support beam 24 is " worker " font, and rigidity and load-carrying capacity are better.
First end of horizontal propelling rod 17 is connected with first drive axle 41 through bolt or bearing pin, second end of horizontal propelling rod 17 be connected with horizontal propelling rod bearing 14 through bolt; Horizontal propelling rod bearing 14 passes through bolted connection in vehicle frame.
In the utility model, also can further comprise load sensing valve 16.
In the utility model, first air bellow 12, the second air bellow 22a, the 3rd air bellow 22b can be identical parts, and structure is identical, measure-alike, help like this producing, install and maintenance.
In like manner, first bumper 13 also can be configured to identical parts with second bumper 23, and size, structure is all identical.
In the utility model, air bag adopts the structural shape of two air bags and steel spring and air bag combination, and load-carrying capacity is big; Propelling rod adopts the side pattern, and vehicle frame inner space degree of utilization is higher; Under same load required, system pressure was less in the air bag; With the diameter that can reduce air bag under the equipressure, be convenient in car load, install; Air bag supports beam section and adopts " worker " font structure, and rigidity and load-carrying capacity are better; A bolted connection, easy accessibility are adopted with being connected of support beam in the air bag bottom; Be designed with equalizing bar between two suspensions, when Dang Yiqiao is unsettled, regulate the suspension height, improve trafficability and suspension system ground connection performance through equalizing bar.

Claims (7)

1. automobile steel laminated spring and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension, it comprises front suspension and rear suspension; It is characterized in that:
Said front suspension comprises steel spring, steel spring bearing, first air bellow; First end of said steel spring is connected with the bottom of said steel spring bearing through bearing pin; Second end of said steel spring is connected with the bottom of said first air bellow through bolt;
Said rear suspension comprises air bag support beam, second air bellow, the 3rd air bellow; Bolted connection is passed through on first end of said air bag support beam in the bottom of said second air bellow; Bolted connection is passed through on second end of said air bag support beam in the bottom of said the 3rd air bellow;
Also comprising of said automobile steel laminated spring and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension: equalizing bar, equalizing bar bearing, side thrust bar; The middle part of said equalizing bar is connected with the top of said equalizing bar bearing through bearing pin or bolt; First end of said equalizing bar is connected with the top of said first air bellow through bolt; Second end of said equalizing bar is connected with the top of said second air bellow through bolt; The bottom of said equalizing bar bearing is connected with first end of said side thrust bar through bolt; Second end of said side thrust bar is connected with the bottom of said air bag support beam through bolt;
The top of said steel spring bearing is connected with automobile chassis frame through bolt; The top of said equalizing bar bearing is connected with automobile chassis frame through bolt; The top of said the 3rd air bag is connected with automobile chassis frame through bolt.
2. automobile steel laminated spring as claimed in claim 1 and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension is characterized in that: further comprise first bumper and second bumper, first vibration damping mounting and second vibration damping mounting; First end of said first bumper is connected with automobile chassis frame through first vibration damping mounting, and second end is connected in said steel spring; First end of said second bumper is connected with automobile chassis frame through second vibration damping mounting, and second end is connected in said air bag support beam; First vibration damping mounting is connected with automobile chassis frame through bolt respectively with second vibration damping mounting.
3. automobile steel laminated spring as claimed in claim 1 and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension, it is characterized in that: the middle part of said steel spring is connected with first drive axle of automobile; The middle part of said air bag support beam is connected with second drive axle of automobile.
4. automobile steel laminated spring as claimed in claim 1 and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension, it is characterized in that: the cross-sectional plane of said air bag support beam is " worker " font.
5. automobile steel laminated spring as claimed in claim 1 and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension, it is characterized in that: said first, second, third air bellow is identical parts.
6. automobile steel laminated spring as claimed in claim 2 and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension, it is characterized in that: said first bumper is identical parts with second bumper.
7. automobile steel laminated spring as claimed in claim 3 and air bellow combination duplex balance suspension is characterized in that: further comprise horizontal propelling rod bearing, horizontal propelling rod; First end of said horizontal propelling rod is connected with said first drive axle, and second end of said horizontal propelling rod is connected with said horizontal propelling rod bearing; Said horizontal propelling rod bearing is connected in automobile chassis frame.
CN2011203621570U 2011-09-26 2011-09-26 Double-connection balance suspension frame of steel plate spring and air spring combination for automobile Expired - Lifetime CN202271800U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203621570U CN202271800U (en) 2011-09-26 2011-09-26 Double-connection balance suspension frame of steel plate spring and air spring combination for automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203621570U CN202271800U (en) 2011-09-26 2011-09-26 Double-connection balance suspension frame of steel plate spring and air spring combination for automobile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202271800U true CN202271800U (en) 2012-06-13

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011203621570U Expired - Lifetime CN202271800U (en) 2011-09-26 2011-09-26 Double-connection balance suspension frame of steel plate spring and air spring combination for automobile

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103386869A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-13 徐州重型机械有限公司 Suspension damping structure for engineering vehicles
CN109278866A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-01-29 安徽福马汽车零部件集团有限公司 A kind of air suspension support beam assembly and assembly method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103386869A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-13 徐州重型机械有限公司 Suspension damping structure for engineering vehicles
CN103386869B (en) * 2013-08-13 2015-11-25 徐州重型机械有限公司 For the suspension vibration-proof structure of engineering truck
CN109278866A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-01-29 安徽福马汽车零部件集团有限公司 A kind of air suspension support beam assembly and assembly method
CN109278866B (en) * 2018-11-22 2023-10-24 安徽福马汽车零部件集团有限公司 Air suspension support beam assembly and assembly method

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CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20120613

CX01 Expiry of patent term