CN202130563U - Pneumatic micro sightseeing submarine propulsion device - Google Patents

Pneumatic micro sightseeing submarine propulsion device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202130563U
CN202130563U CN201120154980U CN201120154980U CN202130563U CN 202130563 U CN202130563 U CN 202130563U CN 201120154980 U CN201120154980 U CN 201120154980U CN 201120154980 U CN201120154980 U CN 201120154980U CN 202130563 U CN202130563 U CN 202130563U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
thrust
stern tube
pneumatic
pneumatic micro
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201120154980U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张旭
郑毅
段延峰
董洪川
陈涛
曹阳
赵海蓉
崔纪军
李利维
崔薇薇
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Harbin Engineering University
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Harbin Engineering University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Harbin Engineering University filed Critical Harbin Engineering University
Priority to CN201120154980U priority Critical patent/CN202130563U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202130563U publication Critical patent/CN202130563U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model aims to provide a pneumatic micro sightseeing submarine propulsion device, which comprises a propeller, couplings, a shaft, a clutch, a push rod speed reducer, a vane-type pneumatic engine and a compressed air tank. The shaft comprises a stern shaft, an intermediate shaft and a thrust shaft. The propeller is installed on the stern shaft. The stern shaft is connected with the intermediate shaft through a first coupling and the intermediate shaft is connected with the thrust shaft through a second coupling. The thrust shaft is connected with the push rod speed reducer through a third coupling. The push rod speed reducer, the clutch, the vane-type pneumatic engine and the compressed air tank are successively connected with each other. Due to the adoption of the pneumatic micro sightseeing submarine propulsion device, the functions of stepless speed regulation, direct-reverse rotation and the like are realized. The device is safe in operation and will not be influenced by the factors of vibration, high temperature, electromalgnetic, radiation and so on. Therefore, the device can be used in poor working conditions. The three-moment method is adopted for centering the shaft of the device and all bearings are relocated according to the calculation result. The bearing capacities of the bearings are reasonably allocated, so that the bearing loads of the bearings are improved. The pneumatic micro sightseeing submarine propulsion device also has the advantages of simple structure, low cost and good operation and maintenance property.

Description

Pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of engine installation of submarine.
Background technology
Along with the lifting of modern consumption idea, coastal spending a holiday becomes the new fashion of a kind of life.At present, going sightseeing under water is another tourism " focus " after sightseeing waterborne, aerial sightseeing, and states such as the U.S., Japan, Russia have all released this tourist.Mostly the existing tour submarine of China is medium-sized and large-scale full formula tour submarine and the small-sized tour submarine of carrying 2-6 people semisubmersible of diving more than carrying 20 people, and the complete latent type tour submarine that declines also is being in the blank stage aspect the research and development of the civilian tour submarine of China.This pneumatic micro tour submarine replaces traditional energy with pressurized air.Submarine is by housing, pneumatic power device, rudder gear, hydraulic efficiency pressure system, subsidiary engine, power supply-distribution system, communication system, navigationsystem and life-support systems.The hull middle part is provided with passenger cabin, is provided with in the passenger cabin and attends a banquet.
The submarine propulsion device is submarine provides required propulsive force in underway equipment and a system, also is referred to as main power plant, and it is the most important components of engine installation.Mainly comprise main frame, driving device, propulsion shafting, propelling unit, propulsion aid.Present common diesel engine-storage battery type engine installation, nuclear power plant and the closed cycle driving engine propelling unit of mainly containing.
Some correlation technique patents have related in recent years.Chinese patent 200810088394.5 discloses a kind of submarine propulsion device that does not rely on air; Its principle is by steam boiler output high-pressure and high-temperature steam; With steam pressurized, use the high pressure water of steam water sprayer output to promote water turbine through steam water sprayer, water turbine drives electrical generator; The generator drive propulsion electric machine, propulsion electric machine drives the submarine screw propeller.This type propelling unit has shortcomings such as scantling of structure is big, quality is big, complex structure.Therefore, midget submarine presses in aspect performances such as economy, reliability and manoeuvre property and is good basic propulsion system.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to provide work safety, not influenced by vibration, high temperature, electromagnetism, radiation etc., is suitable for the pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit of abominable working environment.
The purpose of the utility model is achieved in that
The utility model pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit; Comprise screw propeller, coupler, axle, power-transfer clutch; It is characterized in that: also comprise push-rod speed reducer, the pneumatic driving engine of vane type and pressurized air gas tank, described axle comprises stern tube shaft, tween drive shaft, thrust shaft, and screw propeller is installed on the stern tube shaft; Stern tube shaft connects tween drive shaft through first coupler; Tween drive shaft connects thrust shaft through second coupler, and thrust shaft connects push-rod speed reducer through the 3rd coupler, and push-rod speed reducer, power-transfer clutch, the pneumatic driving engine of vane type, pressurized air gas tank link to each other successively.
The utility model can also comprise:
1, also comprise drg, described drg is plate disc brake, is installed on the tween drive shaft.
2, the stern tube shaft pipe unit is installed on the described stern tube shaft, stern tube shaft is connected with the abrasionproof axle bush of stern tube shaft pipe unit.
3, described pressurized air gas tank has two.
4, on the described thrust shaft thrust bearing is installed.
The advantage of the utility model is:
1. the propelling unit main frame adopts the pneumatic driving engine of vane type; Can convert compressed air pressure to rotary machine can; Its effect is equivalent to electrical motor or HM Hydraulic Motor, can realize functions such as infinite speed variation and rotating, work safety; Not influenced by vibration, high temperature, electromagnetism, radiation etc., be suitable for abominable working environment.
2. because main frame adopts the pneumatic driving engine of vane type, and its propulsion source is a pressurized air, environmental protection realizes that thoroughly zero pollutes.
3. adopt three-moment method to carry out the shafting alignment design, reorientate each bearing according to result of calculation, each shaft strength of reasonable distribution improves bearing load.
4. simple in structure, cost is low and have good operation and maintainability.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the stern tube shaft pipe tail structure scheme drawing of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the stern tube shaft pipe central structure scheme drawing of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the stern tube shaft pipe stem structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the tween drive shaft architecture scheme drawing of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the propulsion shafting structural representation of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
For example the utility model is done description in more detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Embodiment 1:
In conjunction with Fig. 1~6, the utility model is achieved in that it mainly comprises main frame, driving device, and axle system and propelling unit system are formed.Pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit is formed constructional drawing; Referring to Fig. 1, mainly form by the pneumatic driving engine of screw propeller 1, stern tube shaft 2, stern tube shaft pipe unit 3, coupler 4, plate disc brake 5, tween drive shaft 6, middle bearing 7, coupler 8, thrust shaft 9, thrust bearing 10, coupler 11, push-rod speed reducer 12, power-transfer clutch 13, vane type 14, pressurized air gas tank 15.Wherein screw propeller 1 passes through bolted connection with stern tube shaft 2; Abrasionproof axle bush 19 in stern tube shaft 2 and the stern tube shaft pipe unit 3 is connected through key, and abrasionproof axle bush 19 passes through bolted connection with screw propeller 1, and screw propeller 1, stern tube shaft 2 and abrasionproof axle bush 19 can rotate simultaneously like this; Stern tube shaft 2 is connected through coupler 4 with tween drive shaft 6; Plate disc brake 7 is fixed on the hull through bolted connection, and tween drive shaft 6 is connected through coupler 8 with thrust shaft 9, and thrust shaft 10 is connected through coupler 11 with push-rod speed reducer 12; Be equipped with power-transfer clutch 13 between the pneumatic driving engine 14 of push-rod speed reducer 12 and vane type, the pneumatic driving engine 14 of vane type links together with pressurized air gas tank 15.
Pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit principle of work is: adopt the pneumatic driving engine of vane type as main frame, control the submarine speed of advance through the pneumatic engine gas discharge capacity of control vane type.The utility model is characterised in that: the engine installation main frame adopts the pneumatic driving engine of vane type, adopts pressurized air as the submarine propulsion source.
Pressurized air is by the input of the pneumatic engine charge of vane type hole, and fraction gets into the blade bottom through stator sealed at both ends lid groove, and blade is released, and blade is adjacent on stator inner wall, and most of pressurized air gets into corresponding seal cavity and acts on two blades.Because two blade extension elongations do not wait, and therefore, have just produced torque differences, make the rotation of blade and rotor, gas is discharged by the air gate on the stator after the work done.If change the pressurized air input direction, then can change rotor and turn to.Pass to screw propeller through the pneumatic engine torque of vane type and make its rotation.
The stern pipe unit adopts leather cup formula sealing arrangement; For preventing lubricating oil leakage, all be provided with sealing arrangement at stern tube shaft pipe two ends, because seal ring elasticity and following property are better from stern tube shaft pipe two ends; When seal ring contacts with the abrasionproof axle bush, radially be pressed on the abrasionproof axle bush by oil pressure.Because ball nose type seal ring lip and abrasionproof axle bush contact width are little, form linear contact condition, make contact pressure concentrate.As long as form oil film, lip contact position pressure just can reach tens times of lubrication pressures, can stop that fully oil flows from lip along the axle surface infiltration.
Fig. 1 is that pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit is formed constructional drawing.Submarine tail undercarriage 1 is connected with stern tube shaft 2; On stern tube shaft 2, be provided with stern tube shaft pipe unit 3; Stern tube shaft pipe unit 3 passes a plurality of hermetically-sealed constructions in hull place in order to support stern tube shaft 2, prevents that the outer seawater of ship from bleeding in the ship or lubricating oil leaks, and stern tube shaft 2 is connected with tween drive shaft 6 employing coupler 4; Plate disc brake 5 is installed on tween drive shaft 6, damages and prevent that axle from tying up to seawater and impacting rotation down in order to prevent when operation screw propeller 1 rotating push-rod speed reducer 12 caused.Middle bearing 7 is installed on the tween drive shaft 6; Tween drive shaft 6 adopts coupler 8 to be connected with thrust shaft 9; Thrust bearing 10 is installed on thrust shaft 9; Thrust shaft 9 adopts coupler 11 to be connected with push-rod speed reducer 12, between push-rod speed reducer 12 and the pneumatic driving engine 14 of vane type, power-transfer clutch 13 is installed, and the pneumatic driving engine 14 of vane type links to each other with pressurized air gas tank 15.
Fig. 2 is stern pipe tail structure figure.In stern pipe rear-mounted installation; Be with abrasionproof axle bush 19 on the stern tube shaft 2; Abrasionproof axle bush 19 and screw propeller 1 be through bolt, and screw propeller 1 can drive stern tube shaft 2 and rotates together like this, is set with on abrasionproof axle bush 19 that P encircles 20, seal ring 21, seal ring 22, seal ring 23, seal ring 24; P ring 20, seal ring 21, seal ring 22, seal ring 23, seal ring 24 are fixed on the sealing shroud 17 by bolt through pressure ring 16; Gland 18 is pressed abd fixed on the sealing shroud 17, and sealing shroud 17 connects together with lining 25, is full of lubricating oil 27 in sealing shroud 17 inside.
Fig. 3 is stern pipe middle part bilge construction figure; On stern tube shaft 2, be equipped with stern bearing 26 and stern bearing 29; When stern bearing 26, stern bearing 29 and middle bearing 7 are installed; Regard stern tube shaft 2, tween drive shaft 6 and thrust shaft 9 as multiple bearing supporting flexible beam, moment of flexure, corner, amount of deflection and each end reaction at each bearing place when being tied to form state in the straight line school through the three-moment method reference axis, reference axis ties up to each reaction of bearing and best displacement under the state in the curve school more afterwards; Reorientate stern bearing 26, stern bearing 29 and middle bearing 7 according to result of calculation, to improve the load of stern bearing 26, stern bearing 29 and middle bearing 7.Be with lining 25 on the stern tube shaft 2, lubricating oil 27 injects lining 25 through oil hole 28.
Fig. 4 is a stern pipe stem constructional drawing.In stern pipe stem device; Be with abrasionproof axle bush 35 on the stern tube shaft 2; Abrasionproof axle bush 35 passes through screw retention on axle 2 with axle bush 36, and abrasionproof axle bush 35 can rotate with stern tube shaft 2 like this, on abrasionproof axle bush 35, be set with P ring 34, seal ring 30, seal ring 31, seal ring 32, seal ring 33; P ring 34, seal ring 30, seal ring 31, seal ring 32, seal ring 33 are fixed on the sealing shroud 38 by bolt through pressure ring 39; Gland 37 is pressed abd fixed on the sealing shroud 38, and sealing shroud 38 connects together with lining 25, is full of lubricating oil 27 in sealing shroud 38 inside.
Fig. 5 binds composition for tween drive shaft; Tween drive shaft 6 adopts coupler 4 to be connected with stern tube shaft 2; On tween drive shaft 6, be equipped with brake disc 41 and plate disc brake 5; Hydraulic oil is equipped with middle bearing 7 through promoting piston 42 and slipper 41 extruding brake discs 41 generation lock torques on the tween drive shaft 6, tween drive shaft 6 adopts coupler 8 to be connected with thrust shaft 9.
Fig. 6 binds composition for thrust shaft, and tween drive shaft 6 adopts coupler 8 to be connected with thrust shaft 9, and thrust bearing 10 is installed on thrust shaft 9, and thrust shaft 9 adopts coupler 11 to be connected with push-rod speed reducer 12.

Claims (9)

1. pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit; Comprise screw propeller, coupler, axle, power-transfer clutch; It is characterized in that: also comprise push-rod speed reducer, the pneumatic driving engine of vane type and pressurized air gas tank, described axle comprises stern tube shaft, tween drive shaft, thrust shaft, and screw propeller is installed on the stern tube shaft; Stern tube shaft connects tween drive shaft through first coupler; Tween drive shaft connects thrust shaft through second coupler, and thrust shaft connects push-rod speed reducer through the 3rd coupler, and push-rod speed reducer, power-transfer clutch, the pneumatic driving engine of vane type, pressurized air gas tank link to each other successively.
2. pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also comprise drg, described drg is plate disc brake, is installed on the tween drive shaft.
3. pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the stern tube shaft pipe unit is installed on the described stern tube shaft, and stern tube shaft is connected with the abrasionproof axle bush of stern tube shaft pipe unit.
4. pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described pressurized air gas tank has two.
5. pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described pressurized air gas tank has two.
6. pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: on the described thrust shaft thrust bearing is installed.
7. pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit according to claim 3 is characterized in that: on the described thrust shaft thrust bearing is installed.
8. pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit according to claim 4 is characterized in that: on the described thrust shaft thrust bearing is installed.
9. pneumatic micro tour submarine propelling unit according to claim 5 is characterized in that: on the described thrust shaft thrust bearing is installed.
CN201120154980U 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Pneumatic micro sightseeing submarine propulsion device Expired - Fee Related CN202130563U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120154980U CN202130563U (en) 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Pneumatic micro sightseeing submarine propulsion device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120154980U CN202130563U (en) 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Pneumatic micro sightseeing submarine propulsion device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202130563U true CN202130563U (en) 2012-02-01

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201120154980U Expired - Fee Related CN202130563U (en) 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Pneumatic micro sightseeing submarine propulsion device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102248993A (en) * 2011-05-16 2011-11-23 哈尔滨工程大学 Air-powered miniature sightseeing submarine propelling device
WO2019097061A1 (en) * 2017-11-20 2019-05-23 Naval Group Submarine vehicle comprising a propulsion chain, and associated method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102248993A (en) * 2011-05-16 2011-11-23 哈尔滨工程大学 Air-powered miniature sightseeing submarine propelling device
WO2019097061A1 (en) * 2017-11-20 2019-05-23 Naval Group Submarine vehicle comprising a propulsion chain, and associated method
FR3073816A1 (en) * 2017-11-20 2019-05-24 Naval Group SUBMARINE VEHICLE COMPRISING A PROPULSION CHAIN AND METHOD THEREOF

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Legal Events

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120201

Termination date: 20140516