CN202057989U - Learning-type energy saving controller for communication base station/machine room - Google Patents

Learning-type energy saving controller for communication base station/machine room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202057989U
CN202057989U CN2011200634530U CN201120063453U CN202057989U CN 202057989 U CN202057989 U CN 202057989U CN 2011200634530 U CN2011200634530 U CN 2011200634530U CN 201120063453 U CN201120063453 U CN 201120063453U CN 202057989 U CN202057989 U CN 202057989U
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infrared
interface
chip microcomputer
controller
sensor
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CN2011200634530U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王浩东
毛祺
叶建彪
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SUZHOU NEW SEA TELECOM TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SUZHOU NEW SEA TELECOM TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

A learning-type energy saving controller for a communication base station/machine room is characterized by comprising a controller mainboard, an indoor temperature sensor, an outdoor temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, an infrared receiver and an infrared transmitter, wherein the controller mainboard is provided with a single-chip microcomputer, a memory, an analog quantity acquisition interface, an analog-to-digital converter, an infrared receiving unit, an infrared transmitting unit, a drive circuit and a power relay output interface; the indoor temperature sensor, the outdoor temperature sensor and the humidity sensor are connected with the analog quantity acquisition interface; and the single-chip microcomputer is connected with the power relay output interface via the drive circuit, and the power relay output interface outputs a control signal for controlling an air conditioner and a fresh air system. The learning-type energy saving controller carries out real-time monitoring of temperature and humidity indoors and outdoors, and automatically controls the cooperative working of a blower and the air conditioner under the regulation of a special mathematical model algorithmic program, thereby achieving an optimal effect of energy saving.

Description

The learning-oriented energy-saving controller of communication base station/machine room
Technical field
The utility model relates to the supporting controller of using of a kind of outdoor communication base station/machine room, and this controller is used to control air-conditioning and the VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) collaborative work in base station/machine room.
Background technology
Communication base station or machine room; be in operation because indoor equipment self evolution of heat or outdoor solar radiation; temperature regular meeting in base station or the machine room is too high, will certainly influence the operate as normal of equipment in base station or the machine room as untimely heat radiation temperature control, and available cooling method has two kinds at present:
The one, adopt VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System), it is indoor to be about to outdoor cold air introducing, and indoor hot-air is discharged, and relies on a large amount of circulations of air to reach cooling-down effect.Adopting the advantage of VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) is that energy consumption is less, as long as the several blower fans of equipment, but that its shortcoming is a cooling-down effect is limited, and when outdoor temperature and indoor temperature were close, VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) promptly can lose efficacy;
The 2nd, install an air-conditioner, it can freeze and heat, indoor temperature is effectively controlled, and accurate communication base station or machine room all installs an air-conditioner at present, and be big but its shortcoming is an energy consumption, understand according to investigations, the idle call electric weight of precision air conditioner machine room accounts for 50% of machine room total electricity consumption, and the ratio that accounts for the machine room total electricity consumption for small-sized communications equipment room idle call electric weight is higher, reaches about 60%, and inevitable that air-conditioning efficiency after long-time running can descend, operation energy consumption also can increase.
In today of the energy of advocating thriftiness energetically, protection environment, how on the basis of the temperature control problem of resolving communication base station or machine room, the power consumption that reduces communication base station or machine room as much as possible cuts down the consumption of energy, and is industry technician's research direction.
Summary of the invention
The utility model purpose provides the learning-oriented energy-saving controller of a kind of communication base station/machine room, and it can together be controlled VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) and air-conditioning, makes both collaborative works, to reduce energy consumption as far as possible.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: the learning-oriented energy-saving controller of a kind of communication base station/machine room comprises controller mainboard, indoor temperature transmitter, outdoor temperature sensor, humidity sensor, infrared remote receiver and infrared transmitter;
Described controller mainboard is provided with single-chip microcomputer, storer, analog acquisition interface, analog to digital converter, infrared receiver, infrared transmitting element, driving circuit and power relay output interface;
Described indoor temperature transmitter, outdoor temperature sensor, humidity sensor all are connected on the described analog acquisition interface, connect single-chip microcomputer through this analog acquisition interface, analog to digital converter; Described infrared remote receiver is connected on the input end of infrared receiver, and the output terminal of infrared receiver connects single-chip microcomputer; Described infrared transmitter connects the output terminal of infrared transmitting element, and the input end of infrared transmitting element connects single-chip microcomputer; And described single-chip microcomputer connects the power relay output interface through driving circuit, and this power relay output interface output control signal is used to control air-conditioning and VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System).
Related content in the technique scheme is explained as follows:
1, in the such scheme, this controller also comprises smoke transducer, water sensor, door status sensor, differential pressure pickup and infrared sensor, switching value is alarmed input interface and serial port circuit is changeed in the parallel port and also be provided with on the described controller mainboard, described smoke transducer, water sensor, door status sensor, differential pressure pickup and infrared sensor all are connected on the switching value alarm input interface, change serial port circuit and connect single-chip microcomputer through this switching value alarm input interface, parallel port.
2, in the such scheme, also going here and there between described analog acquisition interface and the analog to digital converter has signal conditioning circuit.
3, in the such scheme, can be provided with power circuit on the described controller mainboard, this power circuit also can be established in addition certainly.
4, in the such scheme, also be provided with communication interface circuit on the described controller mainboard, this communication interface circuit one end is connected with single-chip microcomputer, and the other end connects a communication interface.
5, in the such scheme, described " infrared receiver " is to be used for the signal that infrared remote receiver imports into is handled, and it is processed into the treatment circuit of the discernible signal form of single-chip microcomputer.
Described " infrared transmitting element " is to be used for the signal of single-chip microcomputer output is handled, and it is processed into the treatment circuit of the discernible signal form of infrared transmitter.
The utility model design concept and effect are: the inventor attempts VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) and air-conditioning combination utilization, but the air-conditioning that uses at present is the finished product of outsourcing, and VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) is the independently system of overlapping, want air-conditioning and VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) coordinating and unifying control, just must develop special-purpose controller, so the inventor has researched and developed the utility model energy-saving controller.The utility model adopts Single-chip Controlling, and adds indoor temperature transmitter, outdoor temperature sensor and humidity sensor, can set the running of reasonably coordinating VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) and air-conditioning according to indoor and outdoor temperature situation and humidity situation follow procedure.
The new highly versatile of this practicality, the air-conditioning of the various models of may command comprises normal domestic cabinet-type air conditioner, on-hook, industrial air-conditioning, intelligent air condition etc.Specifically can realize following 4 kinds of air-conditioning control modes:
A, contactor control air-conditioning power supply----can adopt this mode for the air-conditioning that has the incoming call self-starting or have an engineering mode.During wiring, in the air-conditioning power circuit, insert contactor, the action that the signal of exporting with the output interface of power relay comes control contactor;
B, communication interface control intelligent air condition---can control air-conditioning by communication protocol for the intelligent air condition that has communication interface;
C, relay control air-conditioning---connect air-conditioning switch machine button, directly control the air-conditioning switch machine; During wiring, the switching on and shutting down button of air-conditioning is replaced or parallel connection picks out the action that comes pilot relay with the signal of the output interface output of power relay with relay contact;
D, infra-red remote control---air-conditioning be applicable to distant control function, can receive the start code of the former telepilot emission of air-conditioning by infrared remote receiver, the controller code record of will starting shooting, single-chip microcomputer may command infrared transmitter sends the start and stop of this start code remote control air conditioner when needs are controlled.Consider that sporadic losing may appear in signal, can add retransmission mechanism in the director demon, judge the state of air-conditioning, retransmit the instruction of air-conditioning switch machine under the necessary situation by monitoring indoor temperature change generated in case.The utility model can be learnt the air-conditioning infrared remote control switch machine instruction of various brands, and compatible rate reaches more than 95%.
The utility model is set the running of reasonably coordinating VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) and air-conditioning according to indoor and outdoor temperature situation and humidity situation follow procedure.Open air-conditioning when indoor temperature during less than 0 ℃ as, may command and heat, close air-conditioning and heat when indoor temperature reaches 5 ℃.As long as indoor temperature surpasses 25 ℃, indoor/outdoor temperature-difference greater than 3 ℃, and humidity normal (as less than humidity less than 85%) time, open VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System).When reducing to 22 ℃, temperature closes VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System).When indoor temperature during greater than 35 ℃, open air conditioner refrigerating and close VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System), when temperature is reduced to 30 ℃, close air conditioner refrigerating.
Fractional energy savings of the present utility model is at 30-75%.Under the suitable situation of outside air temperature and humidity, the energy-saving effect of VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) is very outstanding.Below according to Pekinese's weather conditions, the machine room of sampling calculates economic benefit.
The machine room parameter:
Heat-producing device: main equipment 2G Flexi BTS 8/8/8,3795W, auxiliary device power consumption 350W, general power 4.145KW;
Air-conditioning: refrigerating capacity 5250W; Power consumption 2885W, behind the starting of air conditioner, the compressor operating time accounts for 80%;
VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System): dispose 2 NXF-500 unit, power consumption 220W;
According to machine room heat-proof quality and local climatic condition, the annual time of opening is about 2975 hours when only using air-conditioning, behind installation VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) and this controller, and 880 hours air-conditioning work time, 2825 hours VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) working times.According to per hour 1.03 yuan of calculating of commercial electricity consumption:
The electricity charge of air-conditioning whole year when not using VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System):
2.89*0.8*2975*1.03=7085 unit
VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) and air-conditioning are used the annual electricity charge:
(2.89*0.8*880+0.22*2825) * 1.03=2736 unit
This shows that energy-saving efficiency had reached 61% after this machine room had used the utility model controller.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the utility model example structure block diagram;
Accompanying drawing 2 is for using the computer room temperature control principle synoptic diagram of the utility model embodiment.
In the above accompanying drawing: 1, air inlet blower fan; 2, air exhauster; 3, air-conditioning; 4, controller box; 5, infrared transmitter; 6, indoor temperature transmitter; 7, outdoor temperature sensor; 8, humidity sensor.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further described:
Embodiment: as accompanying drawing 1:
The learning-oriented energy-saving controller of a kind of communication base station/machine room comprises controller mainboard, indoor temperature transmitter, outdoor temperature sensor, humidity sensor, infrared remote receiver and infrared transmitter.
As shown in Figure 1, described controller mainboard is provided with single-chip microcomputer, storer, analog acquisition interface, analog to digital converter, infrared receiver, infrared transmitting element, driving circuit and power relay output interface.Described storer is E 2PROM, it is connected with single-chip microcomputer.Described indoor temperature transmitter, outdoor temperature sensor, humidity sensor all are connected on the described analog acquisition interface, connect single-chip microcomputer through this analog acquisition interface, analog to digital converter.Described infrared remote receiver is connected on the input end of infrared receiver, and the output terminal of infrared receiver connects single-chip microcomputer; Described infrared transmitter connects the output terminal of infrared transmitting element, and the input end of infrared transmitting element connects single-chip microcomputer.And described single-chip microcomputer connects the power relay output interface through driving circuit, and this power relay output interface output control signal is used to control air-conditioning and VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System).
This controller also comprises smoke transducer, water sensor, door status sensor, differential pressure pickup and infrared sensor, switching value is alarmed input interface and serial port circuit is changeed in the parallel port and also be provided with on the described controller mainboard, described smoke transducer, water sensor, door status sensor, differential pressure pickup and infrared sensor are connected on the switching value alarm input interface, change serial port circuit and connect single-chip microcomputer through this switching value alarm input interface, parallel port.
Also be provided with communication interface circuit on the described controller mainboard, this communication interface circuit one end is connected with single-chip microcomputer, and the other end connects a communication interface, so that have the intelligent air condition of communication interface by the communication interface may command.
Also be provided with a signal conditioning circuit on the described controller mainboard, this signal conditioning circuit is connected between analog acquisition interface and the analog to digital converter.
Also be provided with two buffer circuits on the described controller mainboard, a buffer circuit is connected on switching value alarm input interface and change between the serial port circuit parallel port, and another buffer circuit is connected between single-chip microcomputer and the driving circuit.
Also be provided with the alarm output circuit on the described controller mainboard, this alarm output circuit also is connected with single-chip microcomputer, the output after the alarm output circuit is handled of the alarm signal of single-chip microcomputer output.
Also be provided with a man-machine interface on the described controller mainboard, single-chip microcomputer can connect charactron, LED, button etc. through this man-machine interface.
Also be provided with a civil power outage detection port on the described control main board, this civil power outage detection port is used for being connected with the civil power input, with the signal input single-chip microcomputer of representing civil power whether to cut off the power supply.
Power circuit also is set on the described control main board.
Described power relay output interface output control signal is used to control outside air-conditioning and the VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System), and also may command electric heater, humidifier etc. can set and be equipped with.
Specifically, controller also comprises a casing, and described controller mainboard is installed in the casing, and charactron, LED, button etc. are arranged in and are used on the panel in casing front showing and input instruction, infrared remote receiver also is installed on the cabinet panel, is used for learning the switching on and shutting down infrared signal of air-conditioning.
An application example of present embodiment is as follows:
As shown in Figure 2, VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) specifically is made of the air inlet blower fan 1 and the air exhauster 2 that are arranged on the machine room metope, and air-conditioning 3 is installed on the interior metope of machine room.Present embodiment controller box 4 is installed in the machine room, is fixed on the body of wall by expansion bolt or through-wall bolt, does not advise installing over against air-conditioning 3 air outlets and air inlet blower fan 1 about 1.2 meters apart from ground of suggestion setting height(from bottom)s.Infrared transmitter 5 suggestion is fixed in 1 meter of air-conditioning 3 remote signal receiving port, and over against air-conditioning 3 receiving ports, the drift angle should be greater than 45 °, and need avoid being installed in thermal source, light source annex, otherwise will influence the success ratio of infrared control.Indoor temperature transmitter 6 is installed on the interior metope of machine room, and outdoor temperature sensor 7 is installed on the machine room exterior wall by the protective cover protection; Humidity sensor 8 must be installed in indoor, and the installation site should be away from air-conditioning 3 and air inlet blower fan 1.
The temperature control process is: configure each humiture threshold parameter, heat as opening air-conditioning 3 during less than 0 ℃ when indoor temperature, close air-conditioning 3 and heat when indoor temperature reaches 5 ℃.When indoor temperature surpasses 25 ℃, indoor/outdoor temperature-difference greater than 3 ℃, and humidity normal (as less than humidity less than 85%) time, open air inlet blower fan 1 and air exhauster 2, carry out ventilation and heat.When reducing to 22 ℃, temperature closes air inlet blower fan 1 and air exhauster 2.When indoor temperature during greater than 35 ℃, close air inlet blower fan 1 and air exhauster 2 and open air conditioner refrigerating, when temperature is reduced to 30 ℃, close air conditioner refrigerating.
The real-time sensing chamber of present embodiment internal and external temperature, humidity, under the standard of special mathematical model algorithm routine, control blower fan and air-conditioning collaborative work automatically, thereby reach energy-conservation optimum efficiency, reduce power consumption and operating cost significantly, prolong air-conditioning serviceable life.And controller ' s intellectualization degree height can be expanded dynamic environment monitoring and alarm function, but long-play need not manual intervention, is applicable to places such as communication base station, telecommunications room, especially is fit to the air-conditioning control of unmanned base station.
The foregoing description only is explanation technical conceive of the present utility model and characteristics, and its purpose is to allow the personage who is familiar with this technology can understand content of the present utility model and enforcement according to this, can not limit protection domain of the present utility model with this.All equivalences of being done according to the utility model spirit change or modify, and all should be encompassed within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. the learning-oriented energy-saving controller of communication base station/machine room is characterized in that: comprise controller mainboard, indoor temperature transmitter, outdoor temperature sensor, humidity sensor, infrared remote receiver and infrared transmitter;
Described controller mainboard is provided with single-chip microcomputer, storer, analog acquisition interface, analog to digital converter, infrared receiver, infrared transmitting element, driving circuit and power relay output interface;
Described indoor temperature transmitter, outdoor temperature sensor, humidity sensor all are connected on the described analog acquisition interface, connect single-chip microcomputer through this analog acquisition interface, analog to digital converter; Described infrared remote receiver is connected on the input end of infrared receiver, and the output terminal of infrared receiver connects single-chip microcomputer; Described infrared transmitter connects the output terminal of infrared transmitting element, and the input end of infrared transmitting element connects single-chip microcomputer; And described single-chip microcomputer connects the power relay output interface through driving circuit, and this power relay output interface output control signal is used to control air-conditioning and VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System).
2. the learning-oriented energy-saving controller of communication base station/machine room according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this controller also comprises smoke transducer, water sensor, door status sensor, differential pressure pickup and infrared sensor, switching value is alarmed input interface and serial port circuit is changeed in the parallel port and also be provided with on the described controller mainboard, described smoke transducer, water sensor, door status sensor, differential pressure pickup and infrared sensor are connected on the switching value alarm input interface, change serial port circuit and connect single-chip microcomputer through this switching value alarm input interface, parallel port.
3. the learning-oriented energy-saving controller of communication base station/machine room according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also going here and there between described analog acquisition interface and the analog to digital converter has signal conditioning circuit.
4. the learning-oriented energy-saving controller of communication base station/machine room according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with communication interface circuit on the described controller mainboard, this communication interface circuit one end is connected with single-chip microcomputer, and the other end connects a communication interface.
CN2011200634530U 2011-03-11 2011-03-11 Learning-type energy saving controller for communication base station/machine room Expired - Lifetime CN202057989U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103673218A (en) * 2012-09-19 2014-03-26 青岛高校信息产业有限公司 Temperature control system for telecommunications room
CN105020864A (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-11-04 周正华 Linkage control method for air conditioner and fan of mobile communication base station
CN105546717A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-04 国网北京市电力公司 Method and device for controlling air conditioner and air conditioner
CN105783187A (en) * 2016-03-13 2016-07-20 石狮国高电子科技有限公司 Energy-saving control system for air conditioners
CN106931586A (en) * 2015-12-31 2017-07-07 中国移动通信集团甘肃有限公司 A kind of temprature control method of network data center, apparatus and system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103673218A (en) * 2012-09-19 2014-03-26 青岛高校信息产业有限公司 Temperature control system for telecommunications room
CN105020864A (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-11-04 周正华 Linkage control method for air conditioner and fan of mobile communication base station
CN105546717A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-04 国网北京市电力公司 Method and device for controlling air conditioner and air conditioner
CN106931586A (en) * 2015-12-31 2017-07-07 中国移动通信集团甘肃有限公司 A kind of temprature control method of network data center, apparatus and system
CN105783187A (en) * 2016-03-13 2016-07-20 石狮国高电子科技有限公司 Energy-saving control system for air conditioners
CN105783187B (en) * 2016-03-13 2018-10-23 石狮国高电子科技有限公司 A kind of air conditioner energy conservation control system

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