CN202036855U - Multi-stage pressure filtration and slide pressurization continuous solid-liquid separation machine - Google Patents

Multi-stage pressure filtration and slide pressurization continuous solid-liquid separation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202036855U
CN202036855U CN 201120002687 CN201120002687U CN202036855U CN 202036855 U CN202036855 U CN 202036855U CN 201120002687 CN201120002687 CN 201120002687 CN 201120002687 U CN201120002687 U CN 201120002687U CN 202036855 U CN202036855 U CN 202036855U
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China
Prior art keywords
adhesive tape
unit
squeezing
squeezing unit
slip
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201120002687
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐志超
崔健
袁帅
吴树彬
陈伟龙
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Zhejiang Huazhang Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Huazhang Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multi-stage pressure filtration and slide pressurization continuous solid-liquid separation machine which solves the problem that at present, solid-liquid separation equipment which occupies small area has high production efficiency does not exist. The solid-liquid separation machine comprises a machine frame, a feeding device, an upper filter belt, a lower filter belt, a press area and a driving device, and is characterized in that the press area comprises a plurality of press units adopting vertical structures; each press unit comprises a press block, an upper press roll, a lower press roll, a slide rubber belt and a transmission belt, wherein the slide rubber belt is wound outside the press block, the upper press roll and the lower press roll are respectively positioned above and below the press block, the transmission belt is wound outside the upper press roll, the slide rubber belt and the lower press roll; a clearance is formed between any two adjacent press units, and the width of the clearance is reduced gradually from an inlet to an outlet; and the upper filter belt and the lower filter belt overlap and then sequentially wind through each clearance. The solid-liquid separation machine has the advantages of reasonable structural design, small occupied area and high solid-liquid separation efficiency, can adapt to dehydration of viscous and smooth material and operates continuously.

Description

The continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of solid-liquid separating machine, especially relate to the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of a kind of multistage press filtration slip pressurization, belong to a kind of High Voltage equipment for separating liquid from solid, the microparticle that mainly is suitable for sewage treatment plant, paper mill, food processing factory, chemical plant and plant etc. contains the liquid material dewatering.
Background technology
Water treatment plant, paper mill, food processing factory, chemical plant and plant etc. all will produce a large amount of materials that needs processed.These materials are through dehydration, after being concentrated again landfill can save a large amount of soils, reduce sewage permeation; Simultaneously, many organic materials in these materials are when being concentrated to certain solid content, just can be directly used in comprehensive utilization, thereby save the oven dry energy, pressed dry 50% when above such as the solid content of paper-making deinking mud, just not needing can realize the burning of postcombustion, its incineration residue can be used as the cement raw material of high-quality.
As open day was on 03 21st, 2007, publication number is CN2880216, the patent No. is to disclose " a kind of high-efficient strong filter press " in 200620100437.3 the Chinese patent, this high-efficient strong filter press is a kind of board-like filter press that combines with belt filter press, it is that multilayer press filtration plate is stacked, material is passed through the clamping of two circulation guipures around the S-shaped trend of press filtration plate, by hydraulic system pressurization squeezing.This technology has solved the problem that traditional chamber-type press filter filter cloth cleans, the filter cloth replacing is time-consuming, and still, still there are the following problems for it.
1, owing to adopt hydraulic pressure back and forth to pressurize, so can only take intermittently operated, tape transport, pressing, discharging must be carried out step by step, so inefficiency.In addition,, make cloth be difficult to evenly, and then cause squeezing effect and differ also because be the reason of intermittently operated.
2, owing to its squeezing pressure provides by hydraulic cylinder fully, and the stroke of hydraulic cylinder is limited, so the filter plate quantity of every equipment is difficult to compare with traditional chamber filter press, can accomplish 100 blocks more than the plate such as common plate type pressure filter, and this utility model is generally about 10 blocks of plates, to improve output, to reduce equipment manufacturing cost all very unfavorable.
Aspect the high dehydration of continuous operation filtering equipment pressure, as open day was on December 20th, 2006, publication number is CN1879932, the patent No. is to disclose " a kind of belt filter press " in 200610050778.9 the Chinese patent, thereby this belt filter press provides high-tension to improve the technology of dehydration pressure by steel strip, its dehydration pressure is being obtained substantial progress up to 3.0Mpa aspect the heavy as before sludge filter cake solid content of the bigger material ratio of raising frictional force; But for the material of stick-slip character, such as municipal activated sludge, so high squeezing pressure will inevitably cause the sideslip and the difficult feed of material, is difficult to carry out effective squeezing.
The floor space that is exactly the present solid-liquid separating machine of using always in addition is bigger, when solid-liquid separating machine when operation required site area big, especially wanting under the bigger situation of increasing work efficiency, then need to increase more place, thereby improved the place construction cost greatly, the work when having increased place maintenance and cleaning.On the other hand, because solid-liquid separating machine commonly used at present is subjected to the restriction of place size easily, adaptive capacity is relatively poor, thereby the promotion and application of the equipment of giving have brought certain inconvenience, especially some less factories in script place need set up a workshop specially in order to introduce a cover solid-liquid separating machine, have not only improved production cost greatly, and make original resource be difficult to obtain reasonable use, be difficult to effectively realize the requirement of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
In sum, also there is not a kind of floor space little at present, the production efficiency height, the solid-liquid separating equipment that can adapt to the stick-slip material dewatering and move continuously, thus bring bigger inconvenience for the material that separates stick-slip character.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above shortcomings in the prior art, and provide a kind of reasonable in design, the place area occupied is little, solid-liquid separation efficiency height, the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization that can adapt to the stick-slip material dewatering and move continuously.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the above technical problem is: the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of this multistage press filtration slip pressurization comprises frame, feed arrangement, last filter bag, following filter bag, pressed zone and drive unit, described feed arrangement, last filter bag, following filter bag, pressed zone and drive unit are installed on the frame, the described filter bag of going up matches with following filter bag, this time filter bag and feed arrangement match, its characteristics are: described pressed zone comprises several squeezing unit side by side, and this squeezing unit is vertical shape structure; Described each squeezing unit includes briquetting, goes up pressure roller, lower compression roller, slip adhesive tape and driving-belt, described slip adhesive tape surrounds outside the briquetting, described upward pressure roller and lower compression roller lay respectively at the above and below of briquetting, and described driving-belt surrounds outside pressure roller, slip adhesive tape and the lower compression roller; Described adjacent two squeezings all form the gap one between the unit, and the width in this gap exports gradually to the gap from the gap import and dwindles, described go up filter bag and following filter bag overlapping after successively cross-under in the per pass gap; Described drive unit and last filter bag and/or filter bag and/or squeezing unit match down.
Be provided with pressure regulating device between adjacent two squeezing unit described in the utility model.
The outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape in the squeezing described in the utility model unit is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced.
Squeezing described in the utility model also comprises lubricating structure in the unit, and this lubricating structure comprises nozzle, and described nozzle is facing to the internal face of slip adhesive tape.
The top and bottom of briquetting described in the utility model are arc-shaped structure.
Described in the utility model go up pressure roller and lower compression roller lay respectively at briquetting directly over and under.
Briquetting in the squeezing described in the utility model unit is provided with the anti-inclined to one side groove of adhesive tape, and the internal face of slip adhesive tape is provided with the anti-inclined to one side raised line that is complementary with the anti-inclined to one side groove of adhesive tape in this squeezing unit, and described anti-inclined to one side raised line is arranged in the anti-inclined to one side groove of adhesive tape.
Gap width in the pressed zone described in the utility model is turned left from left to right or from the right side and is reduced successively.
The number of squeezing unit is more than four in the pressed zone described in the utility model, be positioned at a top squeezing unit in this pressed zone or be positioned at two squeezing unit of front two or be positioned at three squeezing unit of front three or be positioned at four preceding four outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape on the unit and be provided with compartment structure, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape in all the other squeezing unit is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced.Make the utility model can better squeeze the material of good fluidity thus, compartment structure by the slip adhesive tape outside wall surface setting on one or several squeezing unit, front in the pressed zone comes effective material with good fluidity to position, promptly material to be squeezed can be positioned at pressed zone by compartment structure, prevent Flow of Goods and Materials to be squeezed and from pressed zone, get out, guarantee that the utility model can better dewater to the stick-slip material.The material of good fluidity has been sloughed part moisture through the squeezing of one or several squeezing unit, front, the flowability of material reduces, this part material enters in remaining squeezing unit and squeezes, because the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape in remaining squeezing unit is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced, thereby realize double dewatering effect, improved squeezing efficient greatly material.
The number of squeezing unit is more than four in the pressed zone described in the utility model, be positioned at a top squeezing unit in this pressed zone or be positioned at two squeezing unit of front two or be positioned at three squeezing unit of front three or be positioned at four preceding four outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape on the unit and be provided with compartment structure, being positioned at a rearmost squeezing unit in the described pressed zone or being positioned at two back two squeezing unit or being positioned at three back three squeezing unit or being positioned at four back four outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape on the unit is planar structure, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape in all the other squeezing unit is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced.Make the utility model can better squeeze the material of good fluidity thus, compartment structure by the slip adhesive tape outside wall surface setting on one or several squeezing unit, front in the pressed zone comes effective material with good fluidity to position, promptly material to be squeezed can be positioned at pressed zone by compartment structure, prevent Flow of Goods and Materials to be squeezed and from pressed zone, get out, guarantee that the utility model can better dewater to the stick-slip material.The material of good fluidity has been sloughed part moisture through the squeezing of one or several squeezing unit, front, the flowability of material reduces, this part material enters in the follow-up squeezing unit and squeezes, because the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape in the follow-up squeezing unit is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced, thereby realize double dewatering effect to material, improved squeezing efficient greatly, make that the moisture content of material is significantly descended, the material of this moment has not possessed mobile.At last, the material that moisture content descends significantly squeezes by last or several squeezings unit, because the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape on last or the several squeezings unit is a planar structure, not only suffered resistance is littler in expressing process, and make stronger to the squeezing ability of material, can more effectively the moisture in the material be sloughed, thereby greatly reduce the moisture content of material, effectively improve the slide squeezing ability of the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of pressurization of multistage press filtration.
In several squeezing unit of pressed zone described in the utility model, the outside wall surface that is arranged in the slip adhesive tape of the squeezing unit on the odd bits is provided with compartment structure, and the outside wall surface that is arranged in the slip adhesive tape of the squeezing unit on the even bit is a planar structure.A side that is the gap between adjacent two squeezing unit is a compartment structure, can effectively material to be squeezed be positioned by compartment structure, prevents that material from flowing in expressing process; And the opposite side in gap is a planar structure, and the moisture that squeezing is come out in the material can be derived by planar structure.Make that thus structural design of the present utility model is more reasonable, can better squeeze the material of good fluidity.
Pressure regulating device described in the utility model is distance adjustment formula pressure regulating device or pressure adjustable type pressure regulating device.
Guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit described in the utility model is vertical mutually.
The utility model compared with prior art, have the following advantages and effect: it is a kind of long-pending solid-liquid separating equipment of transfiguration that can adapt to stick-slip material dewatering and operation continuously, its basic principle is material to be clamped on two slip planes at an angle squeeze, the clamping that is material to be drained off by last filter bag and following filter bag enters adjacent two and squeezes in the formed gaps, unit, because the width in gap exports gradually to the gap from the gap import and dwindles, the last filter bag of material and following filter bag when clamping and export when mobile to the gap from the gap import, adjacent two briquettings that squeeze in the unit squeeze the material between last filter bag and the following filter bag and realize the function of material dewatering.
Owing to comprise several squeezing unit side by side in the pressed zone, these squeezing unit all are vertical shape structures, the squeezing unit that is to say vertical shape structure has formed pressed zone mutually side by side, significantly reduce the required floor space of pressed zone, thereby significantly reduced the floor space of equipment, saved cost, greatly reduce the requirement of equipment to the place, strengthened the adaptive capacity of equipment, the equipment that makes is subjected to the restriction in place less, helps equipment higher generalization and application.Simultaneously because the squeezing unit all is vertical shape structures, when the number of needs by increasing the squeezing unit when improving the squeezing effect, the required floor space of equipment can not rise significantly yet, make that thus overall performance of the present utility model is better.
The utility model can be by lubricating structure sprays lubricating oil between the internal face of briquetting and slip adhesive tape in the squeezing unit, to realize better slip between slip adhesive tape and the briquetting.The utility model in use, the mud that with moisture content is 85%-70% is distributed to down on the filter bag by feed arrangement uniformly, clamp mud by following filter bag with last filter bag, and bring mud into pressed zone, mud is effectively squeezed by pressed zone.
One of effect of slip adhesive tape is the slip that realizes between itself and the briquetting in the utility model, the material of slip adhesive tape is rubber or product of rubber and plastic, main requirement is that certain intensity and wearability, oil resistivity are arranged, and elastomeric material will have certain rigidity, and hardness range is usually between the 50-85 degree.The utility model can be provided with separation in the outside wall surface of slip adhesive tape, thereby forms press filtration chamber sealing, that deformation can take place.The pressure of the elastic edge compression block on the slip adhesive tape is compressed, thereby realizes the overstocked Separation of Solid and Liquid of pressing of transfiguration, and the water partial pressure in the material is squeezed out.The slip adhesive tape is made by rubber or other rubber-plastics materials, and the separation shape can be rectangle, circle or any other shape, but each separation must seal.The hardness at separation edge and shape and size are vital, be enough to guarantee not have in the expressing process of material the crossfire between separation.In general, the side of being, cross section, separation edge platform shape is wide near the base band place, narrow near top end, purpose be in expressing process along with the raising gradually of pressure, separation edge unit form displacement also improves gradually from the sealing force that is produced on the squeeze force direction, thereby guarantees that material is fixed in the separation.The utility model also can be provided with guiding gutter in the outside wall surface of slip adhesive tape, guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced, the filtrate that is produced in the expressing process not only can be derived by guiding gutter, and material to be drained off can be positioned, can effectively prevent material positioning to be drained off, improve dewatering efficiency, a kind of scheme that guiding gutter is a comparative optimization is set in the outside wall surface of slip adhesive tape.
The effect of the briquetting in adjacent two the squeezing unit of the utility model is the volume of compression material, gap width in the pressed zone is turned left from left to right or from the right side and is reduced successively, promptly on the direction that moves along material, gap between adjacent two squeezing unit is diminishing, thereby reaches the purpose of Separation of Solid and Liquid.Briquetting in the utility model can be made of metal material, and its key position is the design at two ends, can enter more smoothly between briquetting and the slip adhesive tape in order to ensure lubricating oil, and the two ends of briquetting all are smooth arc-shaped structure.Distance between the briquetting in adjacent two squeezing unit can be adjusted by the briquetting roll-setting gear according to operating modes such as material properties, the speed of a motor vehicle, and the gap width between adjacent two squeezing unit exports gradually to the gap from the gap import dwindles.
The driving-belt of squeezing of the present utility model unit surrounds outside pressure roller, slip adhesive tape and the lower compression roller, and the main effect of driving-belt is transmission, can drive the slip adhesive tape better in the enterprising line slip of briquetting by driving-belt, helps the overall performance of lifting means.Driving-belt in the utility model can be a metallic link belt, also can be the punching rubber strip.Driving-belt also can allow filtrate penetrating, and promptly has dehydration slit or eyelet on driving-belt, thereby makes filtrate see through driving-belt and flow out, and this just makes driving-belt must satisfy the requirement of intensity and saturating filter property simultaneously.In order to protect filter bag and following filter bag, the saturating filter gap of driving-belt can not be excessive, generally between the 0.2-2 millimeter.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization among the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of pressed zone among the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of squeezing unit among the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation between driving-belt among the utility model embodiment, slip adhesive tape and the briquetting.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation after A partly amplifies among Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation after B partly amplifies among Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation after C partly amplifies among Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation after D partly amplifies among Fig. 1.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation after E partly amplifies among Fig. 1.
Figure 10 is the structural representation after F partly amplifies among Fig. 1.
Figure 11 is the structural representation after G partly amplifies among Fig. 1.
Figure 12 is the structural representation after H partly amplifies among Fig. 2.
Figure 13 is the structural representation after J partly amplifies among Fig. 2.
Figure 14 is the structural representation after K partly amplifies among Fig. 2.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and by embodiment, and following examples are to explanation of the present utility model and the utility model is not limited to following examples.
Embodiment:
Referring to Fig. 1 to Figure 14, the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization in the present embodiment comprises frame 21, feed arrangement, last filter bag 2, following filter bag 9, pressed zone, drive unit, pressure regulating device and servicing unit, wherein, feed arrangement comprises distributing device 1, smoother roller 15 and smoother roller motor 16, this distributing device 1, smoother roller 15 and smoother roller motor 16 are installed on the frame 21, smoother roller 15 is positioned at after the distributing device 1, smoother roller motor 16 is connected with smoother roller 15, can drive smoother roller 15 by smoother roller motor 16 rotates, squeeze thereby material is added to pressed zone uniformly, the feed arrangement in the utility model is same as the prior art or close.
Pressed zone in the present embodiment is installed on the frame 21, this pressed zone comprises eight squeezing unit 22 side by side, these eight squeezing unit 22 side by side are followed successively by squeezing unit 31 from left to right No. one, No. two squeezing unit 32, No. three squeezing unit 33, No. four squeezing unit 34, No. five squeezing unit 35, No. six squeezing unit 36, squeeze unit 37 and number eight squeezing unit 38 for No. seven, eight squeezing unit 22 are vertical shape structure, the number of squeezing unit 22 can be provided with according to actual needs in the utility model pressed zone, as can be according to by the character of the material that squeezed, required squeezing effect etc. is determined, the number of squeezing unit 22 is usually between 4-20 in the pressed zone, certainly, in the pressed zone number of squeezing unit 22 below four or also all be fine more than 20.Because being vertical shape structure by eight squeezing unit 22, the pressed zone in the present embodiment forms side by side, squeezing unit 22 is vertical shape structure distribution and lacks a lot of floor spaces than horizontal structure distribution, thereby significantly reduced the floor space of pressed zone, finally reach the purpose of the floor space that reduces the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization, help reducing cost, reduce equipment and be subjected to the limited degree in place, be convenient to the extensive promotion and application of equipment.
Each squeezing unit 22 in the present embodiment includes briquetting 5, last pressure roller 23, lower compression roller 24, slip adhesive tape 4, driving-belt 10 and lubricating structure, wherein, the top and bottom of briquetting 5 are arc-shaped structure, last pressure roller 23 and lower compression roller 24 lay respectively at briquetting 5 directly over and under, slip adhesive tape 4 surrounds outside the briquetting 5, make slip adhesive tape 4 to slide around briquetting 5, driving-belt 10 surrounds pressure roller 23, outside slip adhesive tape 4 and the lower compression roller 24, make driving-belt 10 can drive slip adhesive tape 4 and outside briquetting 5, slide, thereby form a slip plane.Lubricating structure in the present embodiment squeezing unit 22 comprises nozzle 3, nozzle 3 is facing to the internal face of slip adhesive tape 4, lubricating oil can be ejected on the internal face of slip adhesive tape 4 by nozzle 3, be used for lubricated slip adhesive tape 4 and briquetting 5, the adhesive tape 4 that helps sliding better slides around briquetting 5, reduce the frictional force of slip adhesive tape 4 in sliding process, reduced energy consumption, reduced production cost.
Driving-belt 10 in the utility model can be a metallic link belt, it also can be the punching rubber strip, driving-belt 10 can allow filtrate penetrating, promptly on driving-belt 10, have dehydration slit or eyelet, thereby make filtrate see through driving-belt 10 and flow out, this just makes driving-belt 10 must satisfy the requirement of intensity and saturating filter property simultaneously.The internal face of the slip adhesive tape 4 in present embodiment squeezing unit 22 is provided with anti-inclined to one side raised line 14, briquetting 5 in this squeezing unit 22 is provided with the anti-inclined to one side groove 13 of adhesive tape, anti-inclined to one side raised line 14 on anti-inclined to one side groove 13 of this adhesive tape and the slip adhesive tape 4 is complementary, anti-inclined to one side raised line 14 on the slip adhesive tape 4 is arranged in the anti-inclined to one side groove 13 of adhesive tape, the adhesive tape 4 that helps sliding is better located on briquetting 5, anti-sliding stop adhesive tape 4 sideslip on briquetting 5.
Present embodiment all forms the gap one between adjacent two squeezing unit 22, have eight squeezing unit 22 in the present embodiment, form gap, seven roads altogether, this gap, seven roads is followed successively by gap 41 from left to right No. one, No. two gaps 42, No. three gaps 43, No. four gaps 44, No. five gaps 45, No. six gaps 46 and No. seven gaps 47, promptly a gap 41 is squeezed unit 31 and is squeezed for No. two between the unit 32 at No. one, No. two gap 42 is squeezed unit 32 and is squeezed for No. three between the unit 33 at No. two, No. three gap 43 is squeezed unit 33 and is squeezed for No. four between the unit 34 at No. three, No. four gap 44 is squeezed unit 34 and is squeezed for No. five between the unit 35 at No. four, No. five gap 45 is squeezed unit 35 and is squeezed for No. six between the unit 36 at No. five, No. six gaps 46 are between No. six squeezing unit 36 and No. seven squeezing unit 37, and No. seven gaps 47 are between No. seven squeezing unit 37 and number eight squeezing unit 38.The bottom in a gap 41 is an import 51, and top is an outlet 61; The top in No. two gaps 42 is No. two imports 52, and the bottom is No. two outlets 62; The bottom in No. three gaps 43 is No. three imports 53, and top is No. three outlets 63; The top in No. four gaps 44 is No. four imports 54, and the bottom is No. four outlets 64; The bottom in No. five gaps 45 is No. five imports 55, and top is No. five outlets 65; The top in No. six gaps 46 is No. six imports 56, and the bottom is No. six outlets 66; The bottom in No. seven gaps 47 is No. seven imports 57, and top is No. seven outlets 67.
After last filter bag 2 in the present embodiment and following filter bag 9 are overlapping successively cross-under in the per pass gap, promptly go up filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9 overlapping after, an import 51 from a gap 41 earlier enters, then successively through No. one of a gap 41 outlet 61, No. two imports 52 in No. two gaps 42, No. two outlets 62 in No. two gaps 42, No. three imports 53 in No. three gaps 43, No. three outlets 63 in No. three gaps 43, No. four imports 54 in No. four gaps 44, No. four outlets 64 in No. four gaps 44, No. five imports 55 in No. five gaps 45, No. five outlets 65 in No. five gaps 45, No. six imports 56 in No. six gaps 46, No. seven imports 57 in 66 and No. seven gaps 47 of No. six outlets in No. six gaps 46, No. seven outlets 67 from No. seven gaps 47 at last pass.The width of present embodiment intermediate gap exports gradually to the gap from the gap import and dwindles, the import of said gap is meant the position that filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9 enter in the utility model, and the gap outlet is meant the position of filter bag 2 and 9 outputs of following filter bag, that is to say traffic direction at last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9, the width in gap is diminishing, in in gap 41, the width in a gap 41 dwindles to the direction of an outlet 61 gradually from an import 51; In No. two gaps 42, the width in No. two gaps 42 dwindles to the direction of No. two outlets 62 gradually from No. two imports 52, thus the function that helps realizing squeezing the material between last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9.Simultaneously, the width in the gap 41 in the utility model, No. two gaps 42, No. three gaps 43, No. four gaps 44, No. five gaps 45, No. six gaps 46 and No. seven gaps 47 reduces gradually, as the width in No. two gaps 42 width less than a gap 41, the width in No. three gaps 43 is less than the width in No. two gaps 42, by that analogy.The width in several gaps in the utility model pressed zone can be from left to right or is turned left from the right side and to reduce successively, and the width in said gap is meant the spacing sizes between adjacent two squeezing unit 22 in the utility model.
Drive unit in the present embodiment is installed on the frame 21, this drive unit can and/or squeeze unit 22 and match with last filter bag 2 and/or following filter bag 9, that is to say that drive unit can match with last filter bag 2, filter bag 2 rotates in the drive, thereby realizes that clamping has the last filter bag 2 of material and the function that following filter bag 9 moves in adjacent two gaps of squeezing between the unit 22; Drive unit in the utility model can match with following filter bag 9, and filter bag 9 rotates under driving, thereby realizes that clamping has the last filter bag 2 of material and following filter bag 9 to move in adjacent two gaps of squeezing between the unit 22; Drive unit in the utility model in addition can with the squeezing unit 22 match, the last pressure roller 23 and/or the lower compression roller 24 that drive in the squeezing unit 22 rotate, thereby realize that clamping has the last filter bag 2 of material and following filter bag 9 to move in adjacent two gaps of squeezing between the unit 22.
Last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9 in the present embodiment are installed on the frame 21, should go up filter bag 2 and match, and material to be squeezed can be clamped in adjacent two gaps of squeezing between the unit 22 by last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9 and squeeze with following filter bag 9.Following filter bag 2 and feed arrangement in the present embodiment match, and material can be distributed to down on the filter bag 2 uniformly by feed arrangement.
Present embodiment is provided with pressure regulating device between adjacent two squeezing unit 22, this pressure regulating device is a distance adjustment formula pressure regulating device, in pressure regulating device, be provided with roll adjustment screw mandrel 12, regulate adjacent two spacings of squeezing between the unit 22 by roll adjustment screw mandrel 12, thereby enlarged the applicable surface of the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization.The type of pressure regulating device can be selected according to actual needs in the utility model, can be distance adjustment formula pressure regulating device, as regulating the spacings of adjacent two squeezings between the unit 22 by roll adjustment screw mandrel 12, thereby regulate the pressure between adjacent two squeezing unit 22; Also can be pressure adjustable type pressure regulating device, as regulate the pressure that is produced between adjacent two squeezing unit 22 by modes such as air pressure, hydraulic pressure, oil pressure.
The outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in the present embodiment squeezing unit 22 is provided with guiding gutter, guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tapes 4 of adjacent two squeezings in the unit 22 is vertical mutually, thereby material that will be to be squeezed is positioned on adjacent two slip adhesive tapes 4 in the orthogonal guiding gutter.Guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape 4 in the utility model in adjacent two squeezing unit 22 can be interlaced.
Servicing unit in the present embodiment is installed on the frame 21, this servicing unit comprises cleaning hose 6, vacuum tank 7, round brush 8, scraper 11, to pressure roller 17, filter cloth regulating roller 18, filter cloth idler roller 19 and fixed oil cylinder 20, wherein, on last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9, be provided with cleaning hose 6, vacuum tank 7 and round brush 8, can clean filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9 by cleaning hose 6, vacuum tank 7 and round brush 8; The place of separation at last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9 is provided with scraper 11, and scraper 11 can scrape the mud that is bonded on filter bag 2 and the following filter bag 9; Pressure roller 17 is positioned at after smoother roller 15 and the smoother roller motor 16, all passes pressure roller 17 after last filter bag 2 and 9 stacks of following filter bag, by 17 pairs of materials between last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9 of pressure roller being carried out to pressure; On last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9, also be provided with filter cloth regulating roller 18 and filter cloth idler roller 19, help filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9 and better move.
The continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization in the present embodiment is used to carry out Separation of Solid and Liquid, it in use, by distributing device 1 material is thrown into down on the filter bag 9, material under will being positioned at by smoother roller 15 then on the filter bag 9 is paved uniformly, again by 17 pairs of materials on following filter bag 9 of pressure roller are clamped between filter bag 2 and the following filter bag 9, pass through a gap 41 in the pressed zone successively by last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9 clamping materials then, No. two gaps 42, No. three gaps 43, No. four gaps 44, No. five gaps 45, No. six gaps 46 and No. seven gaps 47 and material is squeezed, when last filter bag 2 moves forward in pressed zone with following filter bag 9, the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 that are arranged in a squeezing unit 31 rotate counterclockwise, the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 that are arranged in No. two squeezing unit 32 clockwise rotate, the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 that are arranged in No. three squeezing unit 33 rotate counterclockwise, the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 that are arranged in No. four squeezing unit 34 clockwise rotate, the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 that are arranged in No. five squeezing unit 35 rotate counterclockwise, the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 that are arranged in No. six squeezing unit 36 clockwise rotate, the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 that are arranged in No. seven squeezing unit 37 rotate counterclockwise, and the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 of the number of being arranged in eight squeezing unit 38 clockwise rotate.
When driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 when rotating counterclockwise of a squeezing in the unit 31, the driving-belt 10 in squeezing unit 31 can drive No. two driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tapes 4 in the squeezing unit 32 and clockwise rotate; Driving-belt 10 in the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 when clockwise rotating of No. two squeezings in the unit 32, No. two squeezing unit 32 can drive No. three driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tapes 4 in the squeezing unit 33 and rotate counterclockwise; Driving-belt 10 in the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 when rotating counterclockwise of No. three squeezings in the unit 33, No. three squeezing unit 33 can drive No. four driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tapes 4 in the squeezing unit 34 and clockwise rotate; Driving-belt 10 in the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 when clockwise rotating of No. four squeezings in the unit 34, No. four squeezing unit 34 can drive No. five driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tapes 4 in the squeezing unit 35 and rotate counterclockwise; Driving-belt 10 in the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 when rotating counterclockwise of No. five squeezings in the unit 35, No. five squeezing unit 35 can drive No. six driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tapes 4 in the squeezing unit 36 and clockwise rotate; Driving-belt 10 in the driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 when clockwise rotating of No. six squeezings in the unit 36, No. six squeezing unit 36 can drive No. seven driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tapes 4 in the squeezing unit 37 and rotate counterclockwise; Driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 when rotating counterclockwise of No. seven squeezings in the unit 37, driving-belt 10 and the slip adhesive tape 4 of the driving-belt 10 of No. seven squeezings in the unit 37 in can the number of drive eight squeezing unit 38 clockwise rotates, operation so continuously, realization reaches the purpose of Separation of Solid and Liquid in the material to the pressing function of the material between last filter bag 2 and following filter bag 9.This shows that the multistage press filtration is slided the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of pressurization when operation, the driving-belt 10 that is arranged in adjacent two squeezing unit 22 of pressed zone can drive mutually, has improved rate of energy, has reduced production cost.
Pressed zone in the present embodiment comprises eight squeezing unit 22 side by side, each squeezing unit 22 includes briquetting 5, goes up pressure roller 23, lower compression roller 24, slip adhesive tape 4, driving-belt 10 and lubricating structure, between adjacent two squeezing unit 22, all form the gap one, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in each squeezing unit 22 is provided with guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape 4 in adjacent two squeezing unit 22 is vertical mutually.Certainly, the outside wall surface structure that the utility model is arranged in the slip adhesive tape 4 of squeezing unit 22 also can be provided with according to actual needs, number as squeezing unit 22 in the utility model pressed zone can be more than four, be positioned at a top squeezing unit 22 in this pressed zone or be positioned at two squeezing unit 22 of front two or be positioned at three squeezing unit 22 of front three or be positioned at four preceding four outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape 4 on the unit 22 and can be provided with compartment structure, and the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in all the other squeezing unit 22 all can be provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape 4 in adjacent two squeezing unit 22 is interlaced.Adopt the pressed zone of this kind structure can better squeeze the material of good fluidity, compartment structure by the slip adhesive tape 4 outside wall surface settings on one or several squeezing unit 22, front in the pressed zone comes effective material with good fluidity to position, guarantee that the utility model can better dewater to the stick-slip material, the material of good fluidity has been sloughed part moisture through the squeezing of one or several squeezing unit 22, front, the flowability of material reduces, as reaching certain moisture content when mud, when reaching 65%-70% such as moisture content, mud has just lost flowability, thereby just can adopt the groined type structure to fix mud and squeeze, this part material enters in remaining squeezing unit 22 and squeezes, because the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in remaining squeezing unit 22 is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced, thereby realize double dewatering effect, improved squeezing efficient greatly material.That is to say, in pressed zone of the present utility model, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 on one of the front of pressed zone or several squeezing unit 22 can be provided with compartment structure, and the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in all the other squeezing unit 22 all can be provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape 4 in adjacent two squeezing unit 22 is interlaced.
And for example, the number of squeezing unit 22 can be more than four in the utility model pressed zone, be positioned at a top squeezing unit 22 in this pressed zone or be positioned at two squeezing unit 22 of front two or be positioned at three squeezing unit 22 of front three or be positioned at four preceding four outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape 4 on the unit 22 and can be provided with compartment structure, be positioned at a rearmost squeezing unit 22 in the pressed zone or be positioned at two back two squeezing unit 22 or be positioned at three back three squeezing unit 22 or be positioned at four back four outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape 4 on the unit 22 and can be planar structure, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in all the other squeezing unit 22 all can be provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape 4 in adjacent two squeezing unit 22 is interlaced.Adopt the pressed zone of this kind structure also can better squeeze the material of good fluidity, compartment structure by the slip adhesive tape 4 outside wall surface settings on one or several squeezing unit 22, front in the pressed zone comes effective material with good fluidity to position, prevent Flow of Goods and Materials to be squeezed and from pressed zone, get out, guarantee that the utility model can better dewater to the stick-slip material, the material of good fluidity has been sloughed part moisture through the squeezing of one or several squeezing unit 22, front, and the flowability of material reduces; This part material enters in the follow-up squeezing unit 22 and squeezes, because the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in the follow-up squeezing unit 22 is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape 4 in adjacent two squeezing unit 22 is interlaced, thereby realize the double dewatering effect to material, the material of this moment has not possessed mobile; At last, the material that moisture content descends significantly squeezes by last or several squeezings unit 22, because the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 on last or the several squeezings unit 22 is a planar structure, not only suffered resistance is littler in expressing process, and make byer force to the squeezing ability of material, effectively improved the slide squeezing ability of pressurization continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration.That is to say, in pressed zone of the present utility model, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 on one of the front of pressed zone or several squeezing unit 22 can be provided with compartment structure, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 on one of the back of pressed zone or several squeezing unit 22 can be planar structure, and the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in all the other squeezing unit 22 all can be provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape 4 in adjacent two squeezing unit 22 is interlaced.
For another example, in several squeezing unit 22 of the utility model pressed zone, the outside wall surface that is arranged in the slip adhesive tape 4 of the squeezing unit 22 on the odd bits is provided with compartment structure, and the outside wall surface that is arranged in the slip adhesive tape 4 of the squeezing unit 22 on the even bit is a planar structure.A side that is the gap between adjacent two squeezing unit 22 is a compartment structure, can effectively material to be squeezed be positioned by compartment structure, prevents that material from flowing in expressing process; And the opposite side in gap is a planar structure, and the moisture that squeezing is come out in the material can be derived by planar structure, makes that structural design of the present utility model is more reasonable, can better squeeze the material of good fluidity.That is to say, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in the squeezing unit 22 in the utility model pressed zone on the odd bits can be provided with compartment structure, outside wall surface as the slip adhesive tape 4 on first squeezing unit 22, the 3rd squeezing unit 22, the 5th squeezing unit 22 etc. can be provided with compartment structure, and the outside wall surface that is arranged in the slip adhesive tape 4 of the squeezing unit 22 on the even bit can be planar structure, can be planar structure as the outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape 4 on unit 22, the 4th squeezing unit 22, the 6th the squeezing unit 22 etc. at second.Odd bits in the utility model and even bit normally begin to calculate from first squeezing unit 22, certainly, slip adhesive tape 4 outside wall surface are provided with the squeezing unit 22 of compartment structure and squeezing unit that slip adhesive tape 4 outside wall surface are planar structure 22 all is fine as long as alternately arrange in the utility model.
If using the utility model is to be specifically designed to the lower material of squeezing moisture content, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape 4 in then also can pressed zone on all squeezing unit 22 is set to planar structure, not only help reducing resistance suffered in the expressing process, and make byer force to the squeezing ability of material, can effectively strengthen the slide squeezing ability of the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of pressurization of multistage press filtration.
Need to prove, be provided with separation, thereby form press filtration chamber sealing, that deformation can take place in the outside wall surface of the utility model slip adhesive tape 4.The pressure of the elastic edge compression block 5 on the slip adhesive tape 4 is compressed, thereby realizes the overstocked Separation of Solid and Liquid of pressing of transfiguration, and the water partial pressure in the material is squeezed out.Slip adhesive tape 4 is made by rubber or other rubber-plastics materials, the separation shape can be rectangle, circle or any other shape, but each separation must seal, the hardness at separation edge and shape and size are vital, be enough to guarantee not have in the expressing process of material the crossfire between separation.In general, the side of being, cross section, separation edge platform shape is wide near the base band place, narrow near top end, purpose be in expressing process along with the raising gradually of pressure, separation edge unit form displacement also improves gradually from the sealing force that is produced on the squeeze force direction, thereby guarantees that material is fixed in the separation.
Above content described in this specification only is to the explanation of the utility model structure example.The utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various modifications or replenishes or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment; only otherwise depart from structure of the present utility model or surmount the defined scope of these claims, all should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (13)

1. a multistage press filtration continuous solid-liquid separating machine of pressurization that slides, comprise frame, feed arrangement, last filter bag, following filter bag, pressed zone and drive unit, described feed arrangement, last filter bag, following filter bag, pressed zone and drive unit are installed on the frame, the described filter bag of going up matches with following filter bag, this time filter bag and feed arrangement match, it is characterized in that: described pressed zone comprises several squeezing unit side by side, and this squeezing unit is vertical shape structure; Described each squeezing unit includes briquetting, goes up pressure roller, lower compression roller, slip adhesive tape and driving-belt, described slip adhesive tape surrounds outside the briquetting, described upward pressure roller and lower compression roller lay respectively at the above and below of briquetting, and described driving-belt surrounds outside pressure roller, slip adhesive tape and the lower compression roller; Described adjacent two squeezings all form the gap one between the unit, and the width in this gap exports gradually to the gap from the gap import and dwindles, described go up filter bag and following filter bag overlapping after successively cross-under in the per pass gap; Described drive unit and last filter bag and/or filter bag and/or squeezing unit match down.
2. the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with pressure regulating device between described adjacent two squeezing unit.
3. the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape in the described squeezing unit is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced.
4. the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described squeezing also comprises lubricating structure in the unit, and this lubricating structure comprises nozzle, described nozzle is facing to the internal face of slip adhesive tape.
5. the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the top and bottom of described briquetting are arc-shaped structure.
6. the multistage press filtration according to claim 1 and 2 continuous solid-liquid separating machine of pressurization that slides is characterized in that: described go up pressure roller and lower compression roller lay respectively at briquetting directly over and under.
7. the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the briquetting in the described squeezing unit is provided with the anti-inclined to one side groove of adhesive tape, the internal face of slip adhesive tape is provided with the anti-inclined to one side raised line that is complementary with the anti-inclined to one side groove of adhesive tape in this squeezing unit, and described anti-inclined to one side raised line is arranged in the anti-inclined to one side groove of adhesive tape.
8. the multistage press filtration according to claim 1 and 2 continuous solid-liquid separating machine of pressurization that slides is characterized in that: the gap width in the described pressed zone is turned left from left to right or from the right side and is reduced successively.
9. the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the number of squeezing unit is more than four in the described pressed zone, be positioned at a top squeezing unit in this pressed zone or be positioned at two squeezing unit of front two or be positioned at three squeezing unit of front three or be positioned at four preceding four outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape on the unit and be provided with compartment structure, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape in all the other squeezing unit is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced.
10. the continuous solid-liquid separating machine of multistage press filtration slip pressurization according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the number of squeezing unit is more than four in the described pressed zone, be positioned at a top squeezing unit in this pressed zone or be positioned at two squeezing unit of front two or be positioned at three squeezing unit of front three or be positioned at four preceding four outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape on the unit and be provided with compartment structure, being positioned at a rearmost squeezing unit in the described pressed zone or being positioned at two back two squeezing unit or being positioned at three back three squeezing unit or being positioned at four back four outside wall surface of squeezing the slip adhesive tape on the unit is planar structure, the outside wall surface of the slip adhesive tape in all the other squeezing unit is provided with at least one guiding gutter, and the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in adjacent two squeezing unit is interlaced.
The continuous solid-liquid separating machine of pressurization 11. multistage press filtration according to claim 1 and 2 is slided, it is characterized in that: in several squeezing unit of described pressed zone, the outside wall surface that is arranged in the slip adhesive tape of the squeezing unit on the odd bits is provided with compartment structure, and the outside wall surface that is arranged in the slip adhesive tape of the squeezing unit on the even bit is a planar structure.
The continuous solid-liquid separating machine of pressurization 12. multistage press filtration according to claim 2 is slided, it is characterized in that: described pressure regulating device is distance adjustment formula pressure regulating device or pressure adjustable type pressure regulating device.
The continuous solid-liquid separating machine of pressurization 13. multistage press filtration according to claim 3 is slided is characterized in that: the guiding gutter on the slip adhesive tape in described adjacent two squeezing unit is vertical mutually.
CN 201120002687 2011-01-06 2011-01-06 Multi-stage pressure filtration and slide pressurization continuous solid-liquid separation machine Expired - Fee Related CN202036855U (en)

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CN 201120002687 CN202036855U (en) 2011-01-06 2011-01-06 Multi-stage pressure filtration and slide pressurization continuous solid-liquid separation machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120002687 CN202036855U (en) 2011-01-06 2011-01-06 Multi-stage pressure filtration and slide pressurization continuous solid-liquid separation machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102179091A (en) * 2011-01-06 2011-09-14 浙江华章科技有限公司 Multistage press-filtering slide-pressing continuous solid-liquid separator
CN111135625A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-05-12 梁红雨 Treatment method of sewage discharged by breeding industry

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102179091A (en) * 2011-01-06 2011-09-14 浙江华章科技有限公司 Multistage press-filtering slide-pressing continuous solid-liquid separator
CN102179091B (en) * 2011-01-06 2013-05-15 浙江华章科技有限公司 Multistage press-filtering slide-pressing continuous solid-liquid separator
CN111135625A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-05-12 梁红雨 Treatment method of sewage discharged by breeding industry

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