CN201980204U - Energy-saving magnetic braking system - Google Patents

Energy-saving magnetic braking system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201980204U
CN201980204U CN2011201152075U CN201120115207U CN201980204U CN 201980204 U CN201980204 U CN 201980204U CN 2011201152075 U CN2011201152075 U CN 2011201152075U CN 201120115207 U CN201120115207 U CN 201120115207U CN 201980204 U CN201980204 U CN 201980204U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
magnetic
energy
coil
brake system
brake
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011201152075U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷海东
夏洋
王知权
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Jianghan University
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Jianghan University
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Publication date
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Priority to CN2011201152075U priority Critical patent/CN201980204U/en
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Publication of CN201980204U publication Critical patent/CN201980204U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an energy-saving magnetic braking system, which belongs to the field of braking. The system comprises an axle magnetic energy braking component, wherein the axle magnetic energy braking component comprises at least two T-shaped fixed irons, a first coil and a magnetic kinetic energy and electric energy conversion component, the T-shaped fixed irons are arranged on an axle, the first coil is arranged on any two adjacent T-shaped fixed irons, and the magnetic kinetic energy and electric energy conversion component is arranged on a vehicle chassis arranged above the axle. The energy-saving magnetic braking system can convert the automobile kinetic energy into electric energy during braking, and the physical consumption on the braking system is reduced, so the hidden danger of brake failure caused by physical loss of the braking system is avoided.

Description

Energy-conservation magnetic force brake system
Technical field
The utility model relates to the brake field, particularly a kind of energy-conservation magnetic force brake system.
Background technology
Brake system is the important composition system of automobile, plays important effect in the safety traffic of automobile.
With drum brakes and disk type brake is that the friction-type brake system of representative is the most original, also is the most traditional automobile brake system.From in October, 1885, benz has manufactured and designed in the world first automobile up to today of 21 century, and all brake system all are the friction-type brakes.Friction-type brake changes into heat energy by friction with the kinetic energy of automobile, thereby reaches the purpose that makes car deceleration.
In realizing process of the present utility model, the contriver finds that there is following problem at least in prior art:
Because the existence of friction makes brake drum and brake disc have physics consumption, the car owner just must change brake drum and brake disc at set intervals, otherwise will cause the hidden danger of brake failure.
The utility model content
The utility model is in order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of energy-conservation magnetic force brake system is provided, during brake by automobile kinetic energy is changed into electric energy, avoided the physical property loss of friction, thereby avoided because the hidden danger of the brake failure that the loss of brake system physical property causes to brake system.
The technical scheme that its technical matters that solves the utility model adopts is:
A kind of energy-conservation magnetic force brake system, comprise axletree magnetic energy brake part, described axletree magnetic energy brake part comprises at least two T types fixedly iron, first coil and magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component, described T type fixedly iron is located on the axletree, described first coil is located at two arbitrarily adjacent described T types fixedly on the iron, and described magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component is located on the chassis above the described axletree.
Further, described brake system also comprises wheel magnetic energy brake part, and described wheel magnetic energy brake part comprises the magnetic pole and second coil, and described magnetic pole is positioned at wheel, and described second coil is located on the described wheel chassis on every side.
Further, described brake system also comprises the circuit coordinates parts, described circuit coordinates parts are switched on or switched off being connected of being connected of described first coil and automobile general supply and described second coil and described automobile general supply, and the electric energy that produces is passed to the automobile general supply.
Particularly, described magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component is made by the capable neodymium-iron-boron magnetic material of hoof, and described magnetic pole is made by neodymium-iron-boron magnetic material.
Particularly, described T type fixedly iron be parallel to described wheel setting.
The beneficial effect of the technical scheme that the utility model embodiment provides is: the magnetic property that utilizes magnetic material, when brake, automobile kinetic energy is changed into electric energy by electromagnetic induction principle, realized the order of positive braking, because the consumption of brake system physics is little, greatly avoided simultaneously because the hidden danger of the brake failure that the loss of brake system physical property causes; By the circuit coordinates parts electrical power storage is got up, further saved energy.
Description of drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme of the utility model embodiment, to do one to the accompanying drawing that uses among the embodiment below introduces simply, apparently, below listed accompanying drawing only be embodiment more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skills, under the prerequisite of not paying creative work, can also obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the axletree magnetic energy brake part front elevation that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 is the axletree magnetic energy brake part lateral plan that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 3 is the axletree magnetic energy brake part birds-eye view that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 4 is the wheel magnetic energy brake part lateral plan that the utility model embodiment provides.
In the accompanying drawing, the component list of each label representative is as follows:
1, the fixing iron of T type, 2, first coil, 3, axletree, 4, wheel, 5, neodymium-iron-boron magnetic material, 6, chassis, 7, second coil, 8, magnetic pole.
The specific embodiment
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, the utility model embodiment is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1-3, the utility model embodiment provides a kind of energy-conservation magnetic force brake system, and described system comprises axletree magnetic energy brake part.
Fig. 1 sees over axletree magnetic energy brake part scheme drawing from the headstock direction, and referring to Fig. 1, described axletree magnetic energy brake part comprises T type fixedly iron 1, first coil 2 and magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component.T type fixedly iron 1 is located at (T type fixedly iron 1 neatly is covered with axletree 3, has only drawn fixedly iron 1 of wherein a pair of T type in the scheme drawing) on the axletree 3, and referring to Fig. 3, T type fixedly iron has certain width, increases the area of first coil 2 with this.First coil 2 is fixed on two adjacent T types fixedly on the iron 1, decides the number of turn of first coil 2 as required.When wheel 4 rotates the T type fixedly iron 1 will be with first coil 2 with wheel 4 rotations.
Referring to Fig. 2, described magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component is located on the chassis of axletree 3 tops, as shown in Figure 3, described magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component provides a magnetic field near axletree 3, when automobile needs glancing impact, first coil 2 is connected the automobile general supplies, first coil 2 that is fixed on the axletree 3 will cutting magnetic induction line, according to Lenz law, magnetic field can apply a mechanical resistance to axletree 3 and end the rotation of axletree, thereby reaches the purpose of automobile brake.
The energy-conservation magnetic force brake system that the utility model embodiment provides is utilized the magnetic property of magnetic material, when brake, automobile kinetic energy is changed into electric energy by electromagnetic induction principle, avoided physical property loss, thereby avoided because the hidden danger of the brake failure that the loss of brake system physical property causes to brake system.
Further, referring to Fig. 4, for the dynamics of strengthening braking, the energy-conservation magnetic force brake system that present embodiment provides also comprises wheel magnetic energy brake part.Described wheel magnetic energy brake part comprises magnetic pole 8 and second coil 7 (being the section of second coil 7 shown in Fig. 4), and magnetic pole 8 is fixed in the wheel 4, and second coil 7 is located on wheel 4 chassis 6 on every side.Wheel magnetic energy brake part combines with axletree magnetic energy brake part, jointly to automobile brake, can reach better braking effect.
Further, the energy-conservation magnetic force brake system that the utility model embodiment provides also comprises the circuit coordinates parts, when automobile needs glancing impact, first coil 2 is connected the automobile general supply by described circuit coordinates parts, near the cutting axletree 3 magnetic induction line, according to the Faradic electricity magnetic induction principle, in this process, can produce a large amount of electric energy, described circuit coordinates parts pass to the automobile general supply with this electric energy and store.When automobile does not need glancing impact, described circuit coordinates parts disconnect being connected of first coil 2 and described automobile general supply.
Second coil 7 is connected with described automobile general supply by described circuit coordinates parts or disconnects.Automobile does not carry out glancing impact, is in off-state between second coil 7 and the described automobile general supply.In wheel 4 inside, be fixed with magnetic pole, along with wheel rotates together.When automobile brake, second coil 7 is connected with described automobile general supply by described circuit coordinates parts, because magnetic pole 8 is along with wheel 4 is rotating together, magnetic flow by second coil 7 changes, according to Lenz law and Faradic electricity magnetic induction principle, in this process, also can produce a large amount of electric energy, reach braking effect simultaneously.Circuit connect to coordinate parts with electrical power storage in described automobile general supply.
Automobile is that the chemical power with gasoline is converted into self kinetic energy, and in friction-type when brake, fallen the thermal dissipation that the kinetic energy of automobile is converted into brake drum and brake disc, the friction-type brake has had all invisible waste of very big energy reaching this purpose of positive braking simultaneously.The energy-conservation magnetic force brake system that the utility model embodiment provides is utilized the magnetic property of magnetic material, when automobile in the process of moving, this brake system circuit disconnects, the magnetic force brake system is not worked.When the driver steps on brake, this magnetic force brake system is started working, the axletree brake part will produce the moment (Lenz law) with former direction of rotation under the effect that is fixed on the magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component under the car chassis, thereby reaches the effect of automobile brake.When reaching the automobile brake effect, will produce huge electric energy (Faradic electricity magnetic induction principle) in moment, by the circuit coordinates parts this electrical power storage is got up and can be used later on by the steam supply car, made full use of the energy.
Particularly, described magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component is made by performance-oriented style of the shoe neodymium-iron-boron magnetic material, and the material that magnetic pole 8 is selected for use also is neodymium-iron-boron magnetic material.
Neodymium-iron-boron magnetic material is a neodymium, and therefore the alloy of ferric oxide etc. claims magnet steel again.Nd-fe-b has high magnetic energy product and strong power and high-energy-density, has advantages such as cost performance height, tool favorable mechanical characteristic simultaneously.Therefore the utility model embodiment ungulate shape magnet of adopting this material to make is installed on the car chassis, constitutes kinetic energy electric energy conversion component, and magnetic pole is also selected this material for use.
Particularly, in order to obtain best braking force, the T type among the utility model embodiment fixedly iron 1 is parallel to wheel 4 settings, is parallel to axletree 3 to guarantee first coil 2, makes it obtain the braking force opposite with vehicle traveling direction when cutting magnetic induction line.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, and is in order to restriction the utility model, not all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of being done, is equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. energy-conservation magnetic force brake system, it is characterized in that, comprise axletree magnetic energy brake part, described axletree magnetic energy brake part comprises at least two T types fixedly iron, first coil and magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component, described T type fixedly iron is located on the axletree, described first coil is located at two arbitrarily adjacent described T types fixedly on the iron, and described magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component is located on the chassis above the described axletree.
2. energy-conservation magnetic force brake system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described brake system also comprises wheel magnetic energy brake part, described wheel magnetic energy brake part comprises the magnetic pole and second coil, described magnetic pole is positioned at wheel, and described second coil is located on the described wheel chassis on every side.
3. energy-conservation magnetic force brake system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described brake system also comprises the circuit coordinates parts, described circuit coordinates parts are switched on or switched off being connected of being connected of described first coil and automobile general supply and described second coil and described automobile general supply, and the electric energy that produces is passed to the automobile general supply.
4. energy-conservation magnetic force brake system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described magnetic kinetic energy electric energy conversion component is made by the capable neodymium-iron-boron magnetic material of hoof, and described magnetic pole is made by neodymium-iron-boron magnetic material.
5. energy-conservation magnetic force brake system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described T type fixedly iron is parallel to described wheel setting.
CN2011201152075U 2011-04-19 2011-04-19 Energy-saving magnetic braking system Expired - Fee Related CN201980204U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201152075U CN201980204U (en) 2011-04-19 2011-04-19 Energy-saving magnetic braking system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201152075U CN201980204U (en) 2011-04-19 2011-04-19 Energy-saving magnetic braking system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201980204U true CN201980204U (en) 2011-09-21

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CN2011201152075U Expired - Fee Related CN201980204U (en) 2011-04-19 2011-04-19 Energy-saving magnetic braking system

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN201980204U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104590039A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-05-06 盐城工学院 Automobile brake system with intelligent main controller
CN104608645A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-05-13 盐城工学院 Brake system with intelligent magnetism-conductive retarding mechanism for automobile
CN104627000A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-05-20 盐城工学院 Automobile brake system with intelligent magnetism control mechanism
CN104648343A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-05-27 盐城工学院 Automobile self-feedback brake system
CN105000003A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-10-28 盐城工学院 Intelligent brake system of automobile

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104590039A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-05-06 盐城工学院 Automobile brake system with intelligent main controller
CN104608645A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-05-13 盐城工学院 Brake system with intelligent magnetism-conductive retarding mechanism for automobile
CN104627000A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-05-20 盐城工学院 Automobile brake system with intelligent magnetism control mechanism
CN104648343A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-05-27 盐城工学院 Automobile self-feedback brake system
CN105000003A (en) * 2015-02-07 2015-10-28 盐城工学院 Intelligent brake system of automobile
CN104590039B (en) * 2015-02-07 2016-08-31 盐城工学院 Automobile is with the brake system of intelligence master controller
CN104648343B (en) * 2015-02-07 2017-06-20 盐城工学院 Automobile self feed back brake system
CN105000003B (en) * 2015-02-07 2017-10-03 盐城工学院 Automobile intelligent brake system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110921

Termination date: 20130419