CN201952778U - Breakwater - Google Patents

Breakwater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201952778U
CN201952778U CN201020624959XU CN201020624959U CN201952778U CN 201952778 U CN201952778 U CN 201952778U CN 201020624959X U CN201020624959X U CN 201020624959XU CN 201020624959 U CN201020624959 U CN 201020624959U CN 201952778 U CN201952778 U CN 201952778U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mole
caisson
caisson platform
breakwater
connecting portion
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201020624959XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈东曙
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HAITONG HIGH TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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HAITONG HIGH TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201020624959XU priority Critical patent/CN201952778U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201952778U publication Critical patent/CN201952778U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/11Hard structures, e.g. dams, dykes or breakwaters

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  • Revetment (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model relates to a breakwater. The object of the utility model is to provide large-diameter cast-in-situ concrete cylindrical piles as a support, under a soft foundation condition. A counter weight layer arranged above the cast-in-situ concrete cylindrical pile through a riprap filling method serves a foundation, and a breakwater of caisson platform is arranged on the foundation. The breakwater comprises bearing piles close-arranged and planted into the seabed soft soil foundation of a coast project, a gravel counter weight layer arranged above the bearing piles through a riprap filling method, and a caisson platform arranged on the gravel counter weight layer. The breakwater is advantageous in that the cylindrical piles are deeply planted into the seabed so that the bearing capacity and stability are excellent, and that the counter weight layer riprap filled over the bearing piles further improves the stability of the caisson platform on the counter weight layer. The breakwater is widely applicable to coastal dike construction projects under a soft foundation condition.

Description

Mole
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of sea wall, particularly relates to the mole in the construction of a kind of harbour or coastal engineering.
Background technology
Mole is a building important in harbour and the coastal engineering, and its major function is that defence wave invasion and attack harbour water area influences harbour service, so that destroy the various facilities in the port.Mole also can stop silt, high current and floating ice and invade harbour region.In recent years, along with developing rapidly of harbour and coastal engineering construction, harbour and waterfront structure face more severe marine environment conditions such as the depth of water, wave height, stream urgency and ground weakness, in disadvantageous natural conditions, particularly under the foundation condition of weakness, present breakwater structure is difficult to the requirement of rheobase and bearing capacity and monolithic stability contentedly.
Chinese patent notification number CN200978411Y discloses a kind of mole of cambered surface lattice structure, and the structure of this mole includes main body, levee crown passage and wave wall; Main body includes by the exterior wall of the curved surface formation of the described side that borders on the sea and the interior wall of Harbor side, between exterior wall and interior wall, be provided with partition wall, extend upward and the crossing wave wall that is formed with of rising of exterior wall by partition wall, the root of wave wall and interior wall are connected with the top board near level, the upside of top board is the levee crown passage, and the root of exterior wall, partition wall, interior wall is connected as a single entity by base plate and forms lattice type empty van structure.The mole of this kind cambered surface lattice structure resistance to overturning under the foundation condition of weakness is relatively poor.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the stake of a kind of major diameter cast-in-situ concrete tube as support, top is thrown and is filled out suppressing layer as ground, ground is provided with the mole of caisson platform, to solve the relatively poor problem of resistance to overturning under the soft foundation condition that exists in the background technology.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of mole, comprise the bearing peg in the weak soil base of seabed in the solid matter implantation coastal engineering, and the top of described bearing peg is thrown and is filled with the rubble suppressing layer, and described rubble suppressing layer is provided with the caisson platform.It is bigger that bearing peg is implanted seabed depth, bearing capacity and good stability, and fill out suppressing layer at the bearing peg upthrow, further improved the stability of the caisson platform that is positioned on the suppressing layer.
As preferably, described caisson platform is that a plurality of upper end open steel concrete casings are spliced, the two sides of the length direction of described caisson platform are the connection end face of steel concrete casing, an end that connects end face is the protrusion connecting portion that outwards protrudes, the other end is inside recessed recessed connecting portion, and the recessed connecting portion that described protrusion connecting portion inserts adjacent casing connects.The caisson platform is formed by a plurality of box body splicings, casing flowing water production can be by land in enormous quantities like this, and this casing may float on the water surface and hauls to construction location during construction, has reduced offshore construction, can enhance productivity and safety.
As preferably, the both sides of described caisson berm width direction are respectively borders on the sea side and faces the land side, and the described caisson platform side that borders on the sea is provided with the hollow shell exterior wall of the arc shape that one connects.The wall face of arc surfaced can improve the stability of sea wall integral body in order to the impact of buffering wave, is unlikely to skew to take place and topple.
As preferably, the radian of described hollow shell exterior wall comprises two kinds that vary in size, and the hollow shell exterior wall of described two kinds of radians is arranged at interval along caisson land lengths direction.The hollow shell exterior wall that two kinds of radians vary in size arranges at interval, will be before and after the side that borders on the sea forms two contacts wire with wave, make wave be separated into two gradients impact mole, the impact force that can disperse wave is like this protected mole better.
As preferably, the top of described caisson platform is provided with the wave wall of vertical direction, is provided with floor in the land side of facing of described wave wall.Wave wall is to prevent that wave from crossing levee crown and the body of wall that is provided with in levee crown dash forward position.Be used on reservoir, river course, the dykes and dams more, play wave resistance, flood control, resistance effect, existing wave wall is a major ingredient with reinforcing bar, concrete mostly, builds with template to form.
As preferably, described bearing peg is the stake of large-diameter hollow thin-walled cast-in-situ concrete tube.Bearing peg adopts the large-diameter hollow thin-walled cylinder pile, can save material, reduces cost, because major diameter tube stake prefabricated component inserts the subsea construction difficulty and cost is all higher, pouring forms so adopt at the construction field (site) in addition.
The beneficial effect of the utility model mole is: it is bigger that seabed depth is implanted in the tube stake, bearing capacity and good stability, and fill out suppressing layer at the bearing peg upthrow, further improved the stability of the caisson platform that is positioned on the suppressing layer, the caisson platform is formed by a plurality of box body splicings, casing flowing water production can be by land in enormous quantities like this, and this casing may float on the water surface and hauls to construction location during construction, reduced offshore construction, can enhance productivity and safety.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the profile of the utility model mole;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of caisson platform;
Fig. 3 is the side direction connection diagram of casing.
Number in the figure is respectively: 1. a stake 2. rubble suppressing layers 3. casings 4. hollow shell exterior walls 5. floors 6. wave walls
The specific embodiment
Also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the technical solution of the utility model is further described specifically below by embodiment.
Embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of mole, comprise the large-diameter hollow thin-walled cast-in-situ concrete tube stake 1 in the weak soil base of seabed in the solid matter implantation coastal engineering, this stake 1 is staggered in predetermined construction low spot multiple row, the top of this stake 1 is thrown and is filled with rubble suppressing layer 2, whole rubble suppressing layer 2 is prismatoid, the caisson platform is housed on the end face of rubble suppressing layer 2, this caisson platform is that a plurality of steel concrete casings 3 are spliced, the quantity of casing 3 is decided by the design length of sea wall, these casing 3 main bodys are the case structure of upper end open, the hollow shell exterior wall 4 that has the arc shape of one connection in the side that borders on the sea of casing 3, the integral body of this hollow shell exterior wall 4 is similar to the structure of the quadrant damaged surface of horizontal positioned, the protrusion connecting portion that has outside protrusion in a side of casing 3 widths, another side has inwardly recessed recessed connecting portion, splice by protruding connecting portion and recessed connecting portion between two adjacent casings 3, the vertical view of the caisson platform that it is connected to form as shown in Figure 2, the lateral view that the casing 3 that links to each other connects is as shown in Figure 3.The radian of hollow shell exterior wall 4 comprises two kinds that vary in size; the hollow shell exterior wall 4 of described two kinds of radians is arranged at interval along caisson land lengths direction; two contacts wire with wave before and after the side that borders on the sea forms so just; make wave be separated into two gradients and impact mole; can disperse the impact force of wave like this, protect mole better.The top of this external caisson platform is provided with the wave wall 6 of vertical direction, and in order to improve the intensity of wave wall 6, be provided with floor 5 in its side of facing the land, this wave wall 6 is crossed mole for the slab structure of erectting in order to resist wave, and the side that borders on the sea on the top of wave wall 6 is provided with the arc shade, wave can be refluxed along this arc shade cancel out each other, thereby reduce the part impact force with impacting the wave that comes.In order to increase the stability of caisson platform, has the downward wedge angle that one connects in the both sides of casing 3 bottoms in addition.
During construction, implant the cast-in-place concrete thin-walled tube stake 1 of major diameter prior to the construction location solid matter, throw thereon then and fill out rubble, treat that forming section behind the settlement stability is trapezoidal rubble suppressing layer 2, afterwards with prefabricated steel concrete casing 3 and the hollow shell exterior wall 4 that is connected with casing 3 one in the floating marine haul to the precalculated position, haul for convenience, can on casing 3, preset members such as filler ring or suspension hook, then by the protrusion connecting portion of adjacent casing 3 and the recessed connecting portion caisson platform that is spliced, also throw in casing 3 then and fill up rubble, a side that borders on the sea on the caisson platform is at last built with template and is formed wave wall 6 and floor 5.
Above-mentioned described specific embodiment only is that the preferable examples explanation is done in design of the present utility model.All any modifications of being made within spirit of the present utility model and principle or replenish or be equal to alternatively all should be included within the protection domain of the utility model claim.

Claims (7)

1. mole is characterized in that: comprise that solid matter implants the bearing peg in the weak soil base of seabed in the coastal engineering, the top of described bearing peg is thrown and is filled with rubble suppressing layer (2), and described rubble suppressing layer (2) is provided with the caisson platform.
2. mole according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the steel concrete casing (3) that described caisson platform is a plurality of upper end open is spliced, the two sides of the length direction of described caisson platform are the connection end face of casing (3), an end that connects end face is the protrusion connecting portion that outwards protrudes, the other end is inside recessed recessed connecting portion, and the recessed connecting portion that described protrusion connecting portion inserts adjacent casing (3) connects.
3. mole according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the both sides of described caisson berm width direction are respectively borders on the sea side and faces the land side, and the described caisson platform side that borders on the sea is provided with the hollow shell exterior wall (4) of the arc shape that one connects.
4. mole according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the radian of described hollow shell exterior wall (4) comprises two kinds that vary in size, and the hollow shell exterior wall (4) of described two kinds of radians is arranged at interval along caisson land lengths direction.
5. according to each described mole of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: the top of described caisson platform is provided with the wave wall of vertical direction (6), is provided with floor (5) in the land side of facing of described wave wall (6).
6. according to each described mole of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: described bearing peg is large-diameter hollow thin-walled cast-in-situ concrete tube stake (1).
7. mole according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described bearing peg is large-diameter hollow thin-walled cast-in-situ concrete tube stake (1).
CN201020624959XU 2010-11-25 2010-11-25 Breakwater Expired - Fee Related CN201952778U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201020624959XU CN201952778U (en) 2010-11-25 2010-11-25 Breakwater

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201020624959XU CN201952778U (en) 2010-11-25 2010-11-25 Breakwater

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103374900A (en) * 2012-04-13 2013-10-30 中交第三航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 Gravity wharf built on silt foundation and method for constructing gravity wharf
CN105696427A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-06-22 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Construction method for reinforcing newly-built railway karst foundation and roadbed structure thereof
CN106012954A (en) * 2015-08-18 2016-10-12 上海河口海岸科学研究中心 Wave wall structure beneficial for stress reducing and wave overtopping rate decreasing
CN106192880A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-07 东南大学 The box harbour of L-type and method of construction thereof
CN109024470A (en) * 2018-08-19 2018-12-18 天津大学 The rectangular light-duty caisson of dome and pile foundation combined type breakwater

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103374900A (en) * 2012-04-13 2013-10-30 中交第三航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 Gravity wharf built on silt foundation and method for constructing gravity wharf
CN103374900B (en) * 2012-04-13 2016-01-27 中交第三航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 Build the gravity type quay on muddy foundation and construction method thereof
CN106012954A (en) * 2015-08-18 2016-10-12 上海河口海岸科学研究中心 Wave wall structure beneficial for stress reducing and wave overtopping rate decreasing
CN106012954B (en) * 2015-08-18 2018-03-23 上海河口海岸科学研究中心 It is a kind of to be beneficial to reduce stress and the wave wall structure of overtopping wave
CN105696427A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-06-22 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Construction method for reinforcing newly-built railway karst foundation and roadbed structure thereof
CN105696427B (en) * 2016-04-06 2017-11-03 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 The construction method and its road structure of a kind of consolidation process newly built railway karst foundation
CN106192880A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-07 东南大学 The box harbour of L-type and method of construction thereof
CN106192880B (en) * 2016-07-26 2018-07-20 东南大学 The box harbour of L-type and its method of construction
CN109024470A (en) * 2018-08-19 2018-12-18 天津大学 The rectangular light-duty caisson of dome and pile foundation combined type breakwater

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110831

Termination date: 20141125

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model