CN201884708U - Multifunctional control vale - Google Patents

Multifunctional control vale Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201884708U
CN201884708U CN2010201279974U CN201020127997U CN201884708U CN 201884708 U CN201884708 U CN 201884708U CN 2010201279974 U CN2010201279974 U CN 2010201279974U CN 201020127997 U CN201020127997 U CN 201020127997U CN 201884708 U CN201884708 U CN 201884708U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
hot
water outlet
outlet
control valve
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010201279974U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐兆良
陈�峰
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徐兆良
陈�峰
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Priority to CN2010201279974U priority Critical patent/CN201884708U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional control valve which comprises a water inlet (31), a feeding port (32), a hot water port (33), a water outlet (34), and a water inlet via hole (41), a feeding via hole (42), a water outlet via hole (43) and three channels inside the valve, wherein the three channels are communicated mutually, wherein a pair of channels are flare-shaped channels which are arranged reversely, the angle of an flare opening of the large-angle flare-shaped channel (21) is larger than that of the small-angle flare-shaped channel (22), the water inlet is connected with the water inlet via hole, the feeding port is connected with the feeding via hole, and the hot water port and the water outlet are connected with the water outlet via hole through the flare-shaped channels. The valve can be divided into two separate bodies, which is realized by an external water pipe, namely, a midway water inlet (36) and a midway water outlet (35) are connected through the external water pipe. The multifunctional control valve has a whole mechanical structure, is matched with a storage type hot water tank, intakes water, discharges water and is emptied by rotation of a spool, does not consume electric energy, and is safe and reliable.

Description

A kind of multifunctional control valve
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of multifunctional control valve.
Background technique:
Present domestic household water heater generally has four classes: gas water-heater, electric water heater, air source water heater and solar water heater, along with to the understanding of environmental protection and the arrival of low-carbon economy, increasing people can select to use solar water heater, increasing family is when using solar water heater, and the shortcoming of existing solar water heater is also brought very many troubles.Main problem is:
First most at present solar water heater utilizes the drop of water level own owing to adopt non-press-bearing water tank, and hydraulic pressure is too low when using hot water, does not spray power, and water-outlet quantity is little;
Second is each when using hot water, all has very many cold water that has become to waste at hot-water line, just will must bleed off cold water in the hot-water line earlier with hot water;
The 3rd in the north or southern winter temperature be lower than the area of zero degree, solar water heater also exists cool and hot water pipe to freeze, and can't continue to use, even water pipe freezes ice-cold;
The 4th feed tank adds water and controls the supporting use of control apparatus that also needs a cover electricity consumption, and is with high costs, consumed power during use, and be significantly less than the service life of solar energy main part service life of electric equipment.
The 5th also has at present producer to release the solar water heater of press-bearing water tank, but needs the control system of water pump of the thousands of units of configuration one cover, but also will consume electric energy, promptly uneconomically reduces working life again.
The 6th water heater for present use press-bearing water tank can't be met an urgent need when cutting off the water and be used water in the water tank, if the water temperature itself perhaps in the water tank with regard under the lower situation, if still adopt pressure-bearing mode heat supply water, the hot water temperature who comes out can be lower.
Popularizing and use of this six big problems affect solar water heater.The utility model designs in order to solve six above big problems.
Summary of the invention:
At present the hot and cold water pipe of solar water heater ubiquity can't emptying, if adopt non-press-bearing water tank to also have the discharge pressure of hot water little and cause water-outlet quantity little; Adopt the water of press-bearing water tank in then can't the natural circulation heating water tank.Adopt any hot water tank all to need to dispose a cover control panel in a word and control, the not only uneconomical but also source of consuming energy, but also bring potential safety hazard.The technological scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: design a kind of multifunctional control valve, its feature comprises water intake (31), filling pipe end (32), hot water mouth (33) and water outlet (34), there are into water via (41), last water via (42) and water outlet via (43) and three passages in inside, the triple channel intercommunication, wherein pair of channels is the opposite horn shape passage of placing, and the bell mouth angle of wide-angle loudspeaker door (21) is greater than small angle loudspeaker door (22) bell mouth angle; Water intake (31) links to each other with water inlet via (41), and filling pipe end (32) links to each other with last water via (42), and hot water mouth (33) links to each other with water outlet via (43) by loudspeaker door with water outlet (34); The size of the connection of three vias and disconnection and water flow realizes by a built-in spool.This valve also can be divided into up and down two separate components, realizes by external water pipe, and promptly water intake (36) is formed by connecting by external water pipe with water outlet (35) midway midway.
The top core of this valve is the double horn flow channel that two interfaces and a built-in threeway are arranged, and two interfaces are respectively hot water mouth (33) and water outlet (34); The flow channel of threeway is respectively wide-angle loudspeaker door (21), small angle loudspeaker door (22) and hot water channel (23), and the junction point of three passages is in double horn footpath (24).The requirement of loudspeaker flow channel is that the horn mouth of wide-angle loudspeaker door (21) passage shrinks the contraction angle of angle greater than small angle loudspeaker door (22) passage, and according to bernoulli principle, the big more flow velocity of bore is slow more, and the flow velocity of the more little then water of bore is fast more.Wide-angle loudspeaker door (21) the internal diameter at narrow place is 2-3mm, specifically has water intake (31) to locate the flow velocity decision of hydraulic pressure and water.Enter from water intake (31) at current in a word and make into by spool that water via (41) is communicated with water outlet via (43), enter wide-angle loudspeaker door (21) then a process of quickening is fast arranged, the flow velocity of locating water to double horn footpath (24) will reach more than 25 meter per seconds, make and produce tangible negative pressure (being lower than a barometric pressure) hot water channel (23) and double horn footpath (24) junction point, negative barometric pressure makes hot water channel (23) have tangible suction, can with hot water mouth (33) connecting tube in water suck in order to make current unimpeded, the internal diameter at narrow place is big than wide-angle loudspeaker door (21) for the narrowest internal diameter that requires small angle loudspeaker door (22).Exactly because this valve locates to have bigger suction hot water mouth (33), thus functions such as the emptying of realization hot-water line and hot water pressurization water supply.
The bottom core of this valve is that two interfaces and three vias are arranged.Two interfaces are respectively water intake (31) and filling pipe end (32); Three vias be respectively into water via (41), go up water via (42) and water outlet via (43), by the connection of three vias of valve core rotation change.Profile and general mixing valve are similar, also are three interfaces.General mixing valve is that a cold water outlet, hot water mouth, one blend the mouth of a river, is two to advance a usage that outes.And the spool of this valve configuration is one and advances, and one goes out, and one promptly can be advanced also to go out.Cooperate the different angle of rotation of built-in spool to realize.This valve core rotation makes three vias that following connection be arranged and disconnects 5 kinds of states:
1, water inlet via (41)/upward water via (42)/water outlet via (43) is complete disconnects;
2, water inlet via (41) only is communicated with last water via (42);
3, water inlet via (41) only is communicated with water outlet via (43);
4, water inlet via (41) all is communicated with last water via (42) and water outlet (43);
5, going up water via (42) is communicated with water outlet via (43).
Two-part up and down of this valve are to become a complete control valve by water outlet via (43) and embedded the connecting together of wide-angle loudspeaker door (21).The top and the bottom of this control valve also can separate, and realize by external water pipe, see shown in Figure 2.Be that the corresponding water intake midway (36) of wide-angle loudspeaker door (21) links to each other by external water pipe (37) water outlet midway (35) corresponding with connecting water outlet via (43).The integral type control valve that the function that realizes and Fig. 1 describe is identical.
This control valve is connected the control system that can become water heater with water tank.Water intake (31) connects tap water by water pipe; Filling pipe end (32) is by the water intake (cold water outlet) of water pipe water receiving case; Hot water mouth (33) is by the water outlet of water pipe water receiving case; Water outlet (34) generally connects ordinary faucet or gondola water faucet, shower nozzle.After connection was finished, the beneficial effects of the utility model were:
1. strengthen the water-outlet quantity and the discharge pressure of hot water: no matter be that press-bearing water tank also is the amount that non-press-bearing water tank can strengthen water outlet, and the position that non-press-bearing water tank is placed can be lower than control valve; Mainly utilize the function of water function on the control valve tool and heat absorption water to increase the pressure of water outlet.
2. the thorough emptying of hot-water line: use up after the hot water at every turn, can avoid the waste of hot water automatically to the hot-water line emptying, and this control valve can carry out emptying to U-shaped pipe, counter-slope pipe, the i.e. effect of hot water is promptly opened in real realization.The water of the suction at control valve hot water mouth place in can the sucking-off water pipe is realized real emptying.
3. cold water pipe emptying: be lower than the area that 0 degree freezes for winter temperature, can carry out emptying to cold water inlet at any time as required, avoid to use or water pipe from freezing crack winter.Mainly be to utilize that water via (42) is communicated with realization with water outlet via (43) on the control valve.
4. emergent water: cut off the water or water tank under the not high situation of water temperature itself, can adopting not, pressure-bearing supplies water or uses emergent water.Mainly be to utilize on the control valve water via (42) to be communicated with and controlled unidirectional vent valve (51) becomes two-way valve and realizes with water outlet via (43).
5. press-bearing water tank is realized the heat natural circulation: because water tank is under the situation of not using hot water, what use is that non-press-bearing water tank or press-bearing water tank all are to be in the natural circulation that non-artesian condition helps heat between water tank and the heat collector more.Mainly be to utilize control valve to close the nature emptying to realize.
6. prolong the working life of press-bearing water tank: for use press-bearing water tank can also prolong press-bearing water tank working life 2-3 doubly.Because press-bearing water tank water tank in hot-water supply not is in non-artesian condition.
Finishing above beneficial effect major part all has control valve to realize separately, and the part beneficial effect needs supporting variable pressure valve and controlled unidirectional vent valve to come together to realize, is any electric energy of not loss of mechanical structure entirely, and is safe and reliable, simple to operate, the spreadable life limit for length.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model
Fig. 2 is the connection diagram of the another kind of structure of the utility model
Fig. 3 is the connection diagram of the utility model and stored type hot water tank
Description of reference numerals: 21 wide-angle loudspeaker doors, 22 small angle loudspeaker doors, 23 hot water channels, 24 double horns footpath; 31 water intakes, 32 filling pipe ends, 33 hot water mouths, 34 water outlets, 35 water outlets midway, 36 water intakes midway, 37 water pipes; 41 water inlet vias, water via on 42,43 water outlet vias; 51 controlled unidirectional vent valves, 52 variable pressure valves, 53 hot water tanks, 54 hot water outlets, 55 heat collector interfaces, 56 heat collector interfaces, 57 cooling water inlets.
Embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 3::
(1) pressure-bearing hot-water supply
1. the start-up control valve makes water inlet via (41) be communicated with last water via (42) by rotational valve core; Tap water from water intake (31) interface flows to hot water tank from filling pipe end (32) interface;
2. one-way cock was opened when the pressure of tap water was closed the gas valve of controlled unidirectional vent valve (51), inject the cold water of water tank from the cooling water inlet (57) of hot water tank (53), utilize the hydraulic pressure of tap water to close the variable pressure valve of hot water outlet (54) mouthful top, make water tank be in artesian condition (or minute-pressure state).
3. the hot water of hot water tank is pressed into hot-water line by hot water outlet (54), flow into hot water mouth (33) interface of control valve by hot-water line, flow into the directly mixed water cavity of (24) of double horn by hot water channel (23), flow out from water outlet (34) interface by small angle loudspeaker door (22) again.
4. that flow out from water outlet (34) mouthful this moment is all hot water the water tank.If water temperature is too high, can rotational valve core, make water inlet via (41) and last water via (42) via (41) of intaking when being communicated with also be communicated with water outlet via (43), thereby make cold water enter into wide-angle loudspeaker door (21), cold water and hot water locate to be mixed into suitable water temperature in water outlet (34) mouthful outflow in double horn footpath (24).The water side heat face that this state comes out is the pressure of the inlet water tank of cold water, and cold water enters and locates to form suction in double horn footpath (24) and inhale hot water in the moving hot-water line on the other hand.Make the hot water that comes out by water outlet (34) interface have bigger spray power.
(2) the use press-bearing water tank is realized non-pressure-bearing hot-water supply or is cut off the water the emergent water that uses in the water tank
1. the rotation control valve makes that going up water via (42) is communicated with water outlet via (43);
2. press the valve key K of controlled unidirectional vent valve (51), close gas valve, make one-way valve become two-way valve simultaneously;
3. the water in the water tank flow into filling pipe end (32) interface of control valve by cooling water inlet (57) and controlled unidirectional vent valve (51), flow out by last water via (42) and the water outlet (34) of water outlet conducting control (43) from control valve, the water that this state flows out from water tank is a kind of current of non-artesian condition again.Under the lower situation of water temperature in water tank own or the emergent water of cutting off the water, can be with this state hot-water supply.
4. the size of current is adjusted up and down by control valve.
(3) emptying
1. natural emptying: closed control valve, the cooling water inlet (57) of hot water tank (53) does not have cold water to flow into, cause variable pressure valve (52) to start and make hot water tank communicate with barometric pressure, water tank is in non-artesian condition, and the hot water in the hot-water line is by water outlet (34) mouthful outflow of control valve.If this situation hot-water line has U-shaped to install then emptying entirely;
2. suction emptying: rotate the spool of control valve, make water inlet via (41) only be communicated with water outlet via (43), current flow through control valve, locate to form negative pressure by the pressure of water itself in double horn footpath (24), and the hot water in the hot-water line is sucked out.Thereby finish the thorough emptying of hot-water line.
3. cold water pipe emptying: the spool that rotates control valve, make that going up water via (42) is communicated with water outlet via (43), the via (41) of intaking this moment is closed, the gas valve of the controlled unidirectional vent valve that the cooling water inlet (57) make hot water tank is located thereby the pressure of tap water disappears is opened with atmosphere and is connected, makes the cold water in the cold water pipe pass through water outlet (34) interface emptying.
(4) natural circulation:
1. for non-pressure-bearing integral solar water heater, the natural circulation of itself solar water pipe and water tank formation heat is arranged.
2. for the solar water heater that uses press-bearing water tank, all be at present to adopt outer make-up water pump to realize the circulation of heat.Because application of the present utility model, make it is that the employing press-bearing water tank also is that non-press-bearing water tank water tank when not using hot water all is to be in unpressurized state, if promptly the heat collector interface (55) of hot water tank is connected with solar thermal collector with heat collector interface (56) attachment hole, just can form the natural circulation of hot system.

Claims (2)

1. multifunctional control valve, it is characterized in that: comprise water intake (31), filling pipe end (32), hot water mouth (33) and water outlet (34), there are into water via (41), last water via (42) and water outlet via (43) and three passages in inside, the triple channel intercommunication, wherein pair of channels is the opposite horn shape passage of placing, and the bell mouth angle of wide-angle loudspeaker door (21) is greater than small angle loudspeaker door (22) bell mouth angle; Water intake (31) links to each other with water inlet via (41), and filling pipe end (32) links to each other with last water via (42), and hot water mouth (33) links to each other with water outlet via (43) by loudspeaker door with water outlet (34); The size of the connection of three vias and disconnection and water flow realizes by a built-in spool.
2. multifunctional control valve according to claim 1 is characterized in that: can be divided into up and down two separate components, realize by external water pipe, promptly water intake (36) is formed by connecting by external water pipe with water outlet (35) midway midway.
CN2010201279974U 2010-03-10 2010-03-10 Multifunctional control vale Expired - Fee Related CN201884708U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201279974U CN201884708U (en) 2010-03-10 2010-03-10 Multifunctional control vale

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104983374A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-10-21 嘉兴捷顺旅游制品有限公司 Multi-bottle liquid spray mop

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104983374A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-10-21 嘉兴捷顺旅游制品有限公司 Multi-bottle liquid spray mop

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110629

Termination date: 20130310