CN201865037U - Assembly type hollow slab bridge transferring force by adopting bracket instead of ribbet - Google Patents

Assembly type hollow slab bridge transferring force by adopting bracket instead of ribbet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201865037U
CN201865037U CN201020546922XU CN201020546922U CN201865037U CN 201865037 U CN201865037 U CN 201865037U CN 201020546922X U CN201020546922X U CN 201020546922XU CN 201020546922 U CN201020546922 U CN 201020546922U CN 201865037 U CN201865037 U CN 201865037U
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bracket
hollow slab
bridge
assembly type
type hollow
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CN201020546922XU
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Chinese (zh)
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陈淮
李�杰
王艳
李娜
李静斌
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Zhengzhou University
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Zhengzhou University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an assembly type hollow slab bridge transferring force by adopting a bracket instead of a ribbet, comprising an assembly type hollow slab sideboard and an assembly type hollow slab middle plate which are matched with each other, wherein a part or the whole of the top plate of the assembly type hollow slab middle plate extends towards one side to form a protruding bracket; a bracket supporting surface which is matched with the bracket is arranged at the combined position of a web at the other side and the top plate; and the bracket matched with the bracket supporting surface of the assembly type hollow slab middle plate is arranged at the position of the top plate at one side of the assembly type hollow slab side plate, or the bracket supporting surface matched with the bracket of the assembly type hollow slab middle plate is arranged at the combined position of the web at one side of the assembly type hollow slab sideboard and the top plate. In the utility model, a force transfer manner adopting the bracket structure for transferring shearing force is clear, the purposes of transferring shearing force between adjacent hollow slabs transversely along a bridge, improving transverse connection between the assembly type hollow slabs, and equalizing transverse distribution of load can be achieved, the structure is simple, the design and computation are mature, the bridge deck pavement does not need to be changed, and the construction is simple and convenient.

Description

Adopt bracket to replace the assembling hollow slab bridge of ribbet power transmission
Technical field
The utility model relates to building field, is specifically related to a kind of assembling hollow slab bridge that adopts bracket to replace the ribbet power transmission.
Background technology
Existing various assembling hollow slab bridge is formed (bridge span hour employing reinforced concrete hollow slab by the prefabricated reinforced concrete or the prefabricated concrete hollow slab of several piece certain width, adopt prefabricated concrete hollow slab when bridge span is big, be that example describes with bridge engineering prefabricated concrete hollow slab commonly used below), utilize between hollowcore slab that the ribbet fill concrete is connected with bridge floor between plate, form the whole hollow slab bridge in assembling back earlier.The hollowcore slab of such bridge can be prefabricated in factory or building site beam factory, and the hollowcore slab cross section is generally single hole or diplopore section form, adopts pre-tensioning system along plate prestressed reinforcement to be set vertically when prefabricated, and the beam slab side is a broken line shape, and reserve the ribbet reinforcing bar.Its erection method at first is with prefabricated hollowcore slab hoisted in position, ribbet position concreting between the adjacent vacant core then, the bridge floor of mating formation laterally is connected to become integral body with each piece hollowcore slab along bridge by ribbet reinforcing bar and concrete and deck paving.Under load action, every hollowcore slab is equivalent to the beam type narrow boards of single load bearing, except that bearing the bending in main span footpath direction, also bears by reversing that seam between plate (strand seam) Transfer of Shear causes.Therefore, the load of every precast hollow slab in bearing this plate, also bear the adjacent plate effect and the vertical shear that causes and other endogenetic process.Do the time spent when not considering deck paving, owing to only depend on the ribbet reinforcing bar to be connected between the adjacent vacant core with concrete, Transfer of Shear limited in one's ability, poor along the bridge transverse integral, bridge floor be prone to the ribbet position along bridge crack longitudinally, particularly becoming flexible, coming off appears in the ribbet concrete between the plate seam, cause the horizontal connection of whole bridge not enough, the formation veneer is stressed, destroyed the layer of mating formation of bridge floor, cause vehicle pitching, thereby influence the normal use and the durability of bridge, stayed many hidden danger to the current safety of bridge.
Chinese patent literature CN101644032A discloses a kind of highway bridge beam-removing rib-increasing strengthening technology, but it fails to address the above problem equally.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to overcome existing assembling hollow slab bridge to rely on ribbet Transfer of Shear deficiency limited in one's ability between plate, the utility model provides a kind of assembling hollow slab bridge that adopts bracket to replace the ribbet power transmission, this hollowcore slab form of structure can not only improve the transverse integral of assembling hollow slab bridge, shearing transmission capacity between reinforcement plate, and easy construction, save steel.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
Adopt the shearing between bracket structure replacement ribbet transmission hollowcore slab, it is a kind of assembling hollow slab bridge that adopts bracket to replace the ribbet power transmission, comprise plate in the assembling hollowcore slab side plate of mutual coupling and the assembling hollowcore slab, the part or all of of the top board of plate extends to form outstanding bracket to a side in described assembling hollowcore slab, is provided with the bracket bearing surface that is complementary with described bracket at its other coxostermum and top board binding site; Described assembling hollowcore slab side plate one side top board position be provided with described assembling hollowcore slab in the bracket that is complementary of the bracket bearing surface of plate, or described assembling hollowcore slab side plate one coxostermum and top board binding site be provided with described assembling hollowcore slab in the bracket bearing surface that is complementary of the bracket of plate.
Described bracket bearing surface is provided with rubber spacer or pea gravel concreten leveling layer.
Described bracket root is provided with chamfer configuration and is beneficial to structure stress.
Effective bracket structure form commonly used comprises right angle rectangular cross section overlap joint, trapezoidal cross-section overlap joint etc.
The construction of described assembling hollow slab bridge may further comprise the steps:
(1) prefabricated assembled hollowcore slab: for plate in the described assembling hollowcore slab, remove the part concrete of web and top board binding site one side, make its bracket bearing surface that forms nick shaped, at the prefabricated outstanding bracket of this plate opposite side top board; For assembling hollowcore slab side plate, according to the assembling hollowcore slab of its overlap joint in the situation of plate, reserve the bracket bearing surface in the inboard of web and top board binding site, or at the prefabricated bracket in top board position; The breach of two precast hollow slabs and outstanding bracket transmit the suffered power of hollowcore slab so; The assembling hollow slab bridge need not change internal mold when precast hollow slab, only need to get final product carrying out part adjustment near the external mold of web place top board and top board reinforcing bar;
(2) lifting hollowcore slab: the prefabricated assembling hollowcore slab of finishing of a slice is transported to bridge construction place and hoisted in position, and precast hollow slab lifting position needs strictness to satisfy the constuction fits requirement;
(3) bracket: for precast hollow slab bracket bearing surface jaggy, place rubber pad, also available pea gravel concreten levelling, another sheet precast beam lifting, and outstanding bracket is positioned over this bearing surface; The bracket root can be provided with support (or being called chamfering) structure and be beneficial to structure stress.
The utlity model has actively useful effect:
1. in precast hollow slab, introduce the bracket structure first, by bracket structure Transfer of Shear, improved hollow slab bridge along the horizontal globality of bridge, overcome only depend in the traditional handicraft hollowcore slab ribbet concrete Transfer of Shear, transverse integral poor, be prone to bridge floor hollowcore slab ribbet position along the bridge longitudinal crack, cause that becoming flexible, coming off appears in concrete between plate seam, cause the hollowcore slab of whole bridge laterally to connect deficiency, form the stressed shortcoming of veneer, changed that hollow slab bridge is only used ribbet and bracket structure only is applied to the traditional prejudice on the crossbeam.
2. the difference by the bracket structural form can satisfy that different bridges are wide, the different shearing resistance requirements of the hollow slab bridge of span, and it is single to have solved traditional handicraft hollow core ribbet shear resistance, can not be with bridge long and wide variety be designed to the shortcoming of different value.
3. adopt hollowcore slab bracket Transfer of Shear, to homogenizing load cross direction profiles, improve the power performance of precast hollow slab bridge under the vehicular load effect and all can play advantageous effect, particularly stride when directly longer when the bridge single span, benefit of the present utility model will be more remarkable.
4. simplified the prefabricated and construction technology of traditional handicraft hollow core, the hollowcore slab side does not need to be prefabricated into complicated broken line border, do not need to reserve the ribbet reinforcing bar yet, the reinforcing bar that does not also need after lifting is finished to carry out ribbet connects and concreting, simplified the prefabricated and construction technology of assembling hollowcore slab, the inner formword of precast hollow slab need not change, and exterior sheathing only need carry out little adjustment.
5. adopt the mode of transfer force of bracket structure Transfer of Shear distinct, can realize along Transfer of Shear between the horizontal adjacent vacant core of bridge, improve the purpose of lateral ties, homogenizing load cross direction profiles between the assembling hollowcore slab, and simple structure, designing and calculating maturation, deck paving do not need to change easy construction.
6. the utility model is fit to various prestressed concrete or steel concrete assembling hollow slab bridges of striding the footpath.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of bridge deck structure schematic diagram that adopts bracket to replace the assembling hollow slab bridge of ribbet power transmission;
Fig. 2 is the A-A view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is one of side plate constructional drawing of Fig. 1 hollow core slab bridge;
Fig. 4 be Fig. 1 hollow core slab bridge the side plate constructional drawing two;
Fig. 5 is the middle plate constructional drawing of Fig. 1 hollow core slab bridge.
Among the figure: 1 is no ribbet single hole hollowcore slab left side plate; 2 are plate in the no ribbet single hole hollowcore slab; 3 is the bracket bearing surface; 4 is bracket; 5 for being no ribbet single hole hollowcore slab right side plate.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1 adopts bracket to replace the assembling hollow slab bridge of ribbet power transmission, and referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, its construction method may further comprise the steps:
(1) prefabricated assembled hollowcore slab: press designing requirement at precast yard's precast hollow slab.The hollowcore slab side is a straight line, middle plate for the assembling hollowcore slab, the part concrete of removing web and top board binding site one side is (according to calculating and the structure requirement, the minor face of removing concrete section generally be not less than top plate thickness 1/2), breach forms bracket bearing surface 3, at the prefabricated outstanding bracket 4 of this plate opposite side; For the side plate 1,5 of assembling hollowcore slab, corresponding inner panel carries out the relative configurations processing with web and top board binding site inboard; The breach of two precast hollow slabs and outstanding top board form the bracket structure so.
(2) lifting hollowcore slab: the prefabricated assembling hollowcore slab of finishing 1,2,5 is transported to bridge construction place and hoisted in position, and precast hollow slab lifting position needs strictness to satisfy the constuction fits requirement.
(3) on precast hollow slab bracket bearing surface jaggy, can place rubber pad, also available pea gravel concreten levelling, the outstanding bracket of another sheet precast hollow slab is positioned over this bearing surface.
During concrete enforcement, can adopt following embodiment:
In this example, the bridge standard is striden the footpath l k =13m; The footpath is striden in calculating l=12.6m; Clearance above bridge floor is 2.5m+4 * 3.75m+2.5m; Design load is highway-II level load, pedestrian load 3.0kN/m 2The hollowcore slab block concrete adopts C40, and deck paving is the C30 bituminous concrete, and railing and sidewalk are the C25 concrete.20 precast prestressed concrete hollowcore slabs of the wide employing of full-bridge, the every wide 99cm of hollowcore slab, high 62cm.
1. carry out the hollow slab bridge structural analysis according to design parameterss such as bridge class, span, bridge deck widths, calculate sectional dimension, plain bars and the longitudinal prestressing reinforcing bar of determining hollowcore slab, and require to calculate the physical dimension of determining the bracket structure according to shear Design between adjacent beam slab.According to this routine bridge construction concrete condition, consider vehicle impact coefficient and track reduction coefficient, basic combination when designing according to ultimate limit states, the shearing that can obtain between the vertical unit length hollowcore slab is 43.23kN, according to " highway bricklaying bridges and culverts design specifications " (JTG D61-2005), too conservatively do not consider reinforcing bar in the bracket, directly cut with the concrete ox horn and calculate the ox horn sectional dimension:
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
If get
Figure 299267DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
Then
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE003
Figure 154091DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
During unit length, establish the high h of being in bracket cross section,
Then
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE005
, promptly
Figure 58461DEST_PATH_IMAGE006
Simultaneously, the size of bracket need satisfy the structure requirement of configuration plain bars, therefore finally gets
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE007
Relevant alphabetical implication sees " highway bricklaying bridges and culverts design specifications " (JTG D61-2005) for details in the formula.
2. at precast yard's precast hollow slab, as build hollow slab bridge shown in Figure 1 and need prefabricated 20 no ribbet single hole hollowcore slabs 1 altogether, its side is a straight line; For the middle plate of hollow slab bridge, the part concrete of removing web and top board binding site one side is provided with breach and forms the bracket bearing surface, at the prefabricated outstanding bracket of this plate opposite side top board; For the side plate of assembling hollowcore slab, corresponding inner panel carries out the relative configurations processing with web and top board binding site inboard; The breach of two precast hollow slabs and outstanding top board form the bracket structure so.
3. the prefabricated no ribbet single hole hollowcore slab of finishing 1 is transported to bridge construction place and hoisted in position, top board one side of no ribbet single hole hollowcore slab 1 web and top board binding site is a bracket, and opposite side is the bracket bearing surface.
4. on hollowcore slab 1 bracket bearing surface, place rubber pad, perhaps use the pea gravel concreten levelling.
5. treat that the rubber pad placement is finished or with after the pea gravel concreten levelling, lifting hollowcore slab 2 is in place, guarantees that the bracket of hollowcore slab 2 is supported on the bracket bearing surface of hollowcore slab 1.
6. lift other each sheet hollowcore slab successively according to step (4), finish until bridge erection.
The specific embodiment is to describe in conjunction with the single span hollow slab bridge that 20 single hole hollowcore slabs of Fig. 1 are formed, and is equally applicable to adopt the single span or the multispan assembling hollow slab bridge of other borehole section form, other hollowcore slab quantity.

Claims (3)

1. assembling hollow slab bridge that adopts bracket to replace the ribbet power transmission, the assembling hollowcore slab side plate and the middle plate that comprise mutual coupling, it is characterized in that, the top plate portion of plate or all extend to form outstanding bracket to a side in described assembling hollowcore slab is provided with the bracket bearing surface that is complementary with described bracket at its other coxostermum and top board binding site; Described assembling hollowcore slab side plate one side top board position be provided with described assembling hollow in the bracket that is complementary of the bracket bearing surface of plate, or described assembling hollowcore slab side plate one coxostermum and top board binding site be provided with described assembling hollowcore slab in the bracket bearing surface that is complementary of the bracket of plate.
2. replace the assembling hollow slab bridge of ribbet power transmission according to the described employing bracket of claim 1, it is characterized in that described bracket bearing surface is provided with rubber spacer or pea gravel concreten leveling layer.
3. replace the assembling hollow slab bridge of ribbet power transmission according to the described employing bracket of claim 1, it is characterized in that described bracket root is provided with chamfer configuration and is beneficial to structure stress.
CN201020546922XU 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Assembly type hollow slab bridge transferring force by adopting bracket instead of ribbet Expired - Lifetime CN201865037U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101935977A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-01-05 郑州大学 Assembly type hollow slab bridge adopting bracket to replace ribbet to transmit force
CN105401514A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-03-16 同济大学 Upper portion structure of prefabricated trapezoidal three-support hollow board beam bridge
CN106320184A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-11 重庆大学 Novel fabricated bridge construction method
CN106968161A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-07-21 南京同力建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of oblique pull foot bridge beam slab and building method
CN107237258A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-10 桂林理工大学 Assembled steel floorings and its assembly method for medium and small span bridge
CN109518599A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-03-26 扬州大学 A kind of inclined hollow slab bridge of hinge seam

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101935977A (en) * 2010-09-29 2011-01-05 郑州大学 Assembly type hollow slab bridge adopting bracket to replace ribbet to transmit force
CN101935977B (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-04-25 郑州大学 Assembly type hollow slab bridge adopting bracket to replace ribbet to transmit force
CN105401514A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-03-16 同济大学 Upper portion structure of prefabricated trapezoidal three-support hollow board beam bridge
CN106320184A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-11 重庆大学 Novel fabricated bridge construction method
CN106320184B (en) * 2016-09-30 2018-05-08 重庆大学 A kind of unit construction bridge beam construction method
CN106968161A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-07-21 南京同力建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of oblique pull foot bridge beam slab and building method
CN107237258A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-10 桂林理工大学 Assembled steel floorings and its assembly method for medium and small span bridge
CN109518599A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-03-26 扬州大学 A kind of inclined hollow slab bridge of hinge seam

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20110615

Effective date of abandoning: 20120425