CN201852314U - Parallel-connection heat collection superconducting flat plate solar collector - Google Patents

Parallel-connection heat collection superconducting flat plate solar collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201852314U
CN201852314U CN2010205411873U CN201020541187U CN201852314U CN 201852314 U CN201852314 U CN 201852314U CN 2010205411873 U CN2010205411873 U CN 2010205411873U CN 201020541187 U CN201020541187 U CN 201020541187U CN 201852314 U CN201852314 U CN 201852314U
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Prior art keywords
superconducting
heat
heat collection
thermal
plate
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010205411873U
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Chinese (zh)
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田海金
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Taizhou Hooray Solar Tech Co Ltd
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Taizhou Hooray Solar Tech Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

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  • Containers, Films, And Cooling For Superconductive Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model relates to a parallel-connection heat collection superconducting flat plate solar collector, which consists of five parts: a superconducting heat absorption core plate, a high temperature chamber, a transparent cover plate, thermal isolation heat insulation layers and a case. The parallel-connection heat collection superconducting flat plate solar collector is characterized in that the superconducting heat absorption core plate consists of superconducting heat collection rack pipes, superconducting heat radiation heads, upper connecting collecting pipes, lower connecting collecting pipes, a heat absorption plate and process pipes, the superconducting heat collection rack pipes are in mutual parallel connection and have the same length, the superconducting heat radiation heads are welded at the upper ends of the superconducting heat collection rack pipes, the upper connecting collecting pipes are in crossed connection with the heat radiation heads, the lower connecting collecting pipes are welded with the lower ends of the superconducting heat collection rack pipes, and the heat absorption plate is welded on the superconducting heat collection rack pipes. The high temperature chamber consists of heat insulation cotton and the thermal isolation heat insulation layers arranged at the circumference and the bottom. A thermal isolation layer and the case are arranged around the heat absorption core, the thermal isolation layer and a bottom plate are arranged at the bottom of the heat absorption core, and the transparent cover plate is arranged at the upper part of the heat absorption core. The flat plate solar collector has the advantages of simple structure, high solar heat collection speed, high heat transfer speed, high heat exchange speed and high heat exchange efficiency, has cold-proof and sun-proof effects in use, is convenient to install and is particularly suitable for being used for retail investors and building integral engineering.

Description

Thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of flat plate solar water heater heat collector, specifically is the thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel of a kind of usefulness many superconducting pipe thermal-arrests, heat transfer and heat exchanges.
Background technology:
Flat-plate solar collector is the basic element of character that solar low-temperature heat energy utilizes, and also is the leading products of present world solar markets.The present flat-plate solar collector that uses mostly is comb, and---heat collecting type and coil pipe type are several for header pipe type, canalis pterygoideus---header pipe type, flat tube---, these several heat collectors in use adopt forces the temperature difference circulatory system, the media flow resistance is big during work, heat exchanger effectiveness is low, complex structure, Installation and Debugging difficulty, and manufacturing cost height, difficult in engineering is used.
Summary of the invention:
In order to overcome the defective of existing flat plate collector, be convenient to project installation, the invention provides a kind of thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel.
Thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel is made up of absorb heat central layer, hot room, transparent cover plate, insulating, shell five parts of superconduction, it is characterized in that superconduction heat absorption central layer by the isometric superconducting heat collection comb in parallel that is parallel to each other, be welded on superconducting heat collection comb upper end the superconduction heat dissipation head, and the last union pipe, the following union pipe that is welded on superconducting heat collection comb lower end that link together of heat dissipation head cross interleave, absorber plate and the process duct that is welded on superconducting heat collection comb top constitute.Insulating constitutes hot room by heat-preservation cotton with bottom reaching all around.Around the heat exchanger core is thermal insulation layer and shell, and the bottom is thermal insulation layer and base plate, and top is transparent cover plate.
Described superconducting heat collection comb is isometrical, isometric, and the upper end is communicated with the superconduction heat dissipation head, and the lower end is communicated with following union pipe and is vertical, and the superconductor that can work under low temperature or high temperature is housed in the superconducting pipe, and whole superconducting pipe is the airtight vacuum attitude.
Described superconducting heat collection comb, go up union pipe, union pipe is metal material down, adorn superconductor and metal material is compatible.
Described superconducting heat collection pipe, heat dissipation head, last union pipe and following union pipe can be tubular type or square tube type or flat-tube type or polygon cast.
Described superconduction heat dissipation head and last union pipe right-angled intersection are welded into one, and last union pipe one end is a water inlet, and the other end is a delivery port, and water can be taken the heat on the superconduction heat dissipation head out of from wherein flowing through.
The described absorber plate that is welded on superconducting heat collection pipe top should closely contact with the superconducting heat collection pipe, can use the laser weld formula each other, also can be adhered with ultrasonic bonding formula or metal, and contact rate should be more than 80%.
Described absorber plate is a metallic plate, and the surface scribbles selective heat absorbing coating or non-selective heat absorbing coating, its objective is solar radiant energy is changed into heat energy.
Described heat-insulation layer is polyurethane or polystyrene or rock wool or mineral wool or mineral wool, and the thermal conductivity factor of thermal insulation layer is less than 0.055w/ (mk), and indeformable during high temperature.
The described transparent cover plate that is contained on the shell can be plate glass or safety glass or synthetic transparent material, and its solar transmission ratio should be greater than 92%, and its spacing apart from absorber plate should leak outside to prevent the heat-energy losses that absorber plate transforms greater than 20mm.
Described shell and base plate are aluminium alloy or carbon sheet or anti-aging synthetic material.
Thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector operation principle in parallel: the frame of thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel, base plate, heat-insulation layer and transparent cover plate constitute a closed greenhouse, the heat absorbing coating that solar radiation light transmission transparent cover plate impinges upon absorber plate is transformed into heat energy, by absorber plate heat is conducted to the superconductor in superconducting heat collection comb and the superconducting heat collection comb, the superconductor gasification of being heated, conduct heat to the heat dissipation head of hot room at a terrific speed, and the water of going up in the union pipe of will flowing through heats.The superconductor that has transmitted behind the heat restores to the original state, fall into continuation heat absorption again the superconducting heat collection comb again from the heat dissipation head of superconducting heat collection comb, continue upwards to conduct heat, again and again solar heat is transmitted to continuously heat dissipation head and heats the water that flows through in the union pipe.
Effect: thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel is simple in structure, and is fast to solar energy heating, and it is fast to conduct heat, and heat exchange is fast, and the thermal conversion efficiency height is not afraid of severe cold and is tanned by the sun in the use, be convenient to install, and is particularly suitable for casual household and architecture-integral engineering and uses.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1.
Fig. 1 is the structural principle schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment 1.
Among Fig. 11, superconduction heat absorption central layer 2, hot room 3, transparent cover plate 4, insulating 5, shell 6, superconducting heat collection comb 7, superconduction heat dissipation head 8, go up union pipe 9, union pipe 10, absorber plate 11, process duct 12, heat-preservation cotton 13, insulating 14, insulating 15, insulating 16, insulating 17, rubber sleeve 18, base plate 19, superconductor 20, water inlet 21, delivery port 22, heat absorbing coating down
Specific embodiments
A kind of thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel is made up of superconduction heat absorption central layer 1, hot room 2, transparent cover plate 3, insulating 4, shell 5 five parts, it is characterized in that superconduction heat absorption central layer 1 by the isometric superconducting heat collection comb 6 in parallel that is parallel to each other, be welded on superconducting heat collection comb 6 upper ends superconduction heat dissipation head 7, and superconduction heat dissipation head 7 cross the interleaves last union pipe 8, the following union pipe 9 that is welded on superconducting heat collection comb 6 lower ends, the absorber plate 10 that is welded on superconducting heat collection comb top and the process duct 11 that link together constitute.Insulating 13,14 constitutes hot room 2 by heat-preservation cotton 12 with bottom reaching all around.Around the heat exchanger core is thermal insulation layer 15 and shell 5, and the bottom is thermal insulation layer 13 and base plate 18, and top is transparent cover plate 3.
Described superconducting heat collection comb 6 is isometrical, isometric, and the upper end is communicated with superconduction heat dissipation head 7, and the lower end is communicated with following union pipe 9 and is vertical, and the superconductor 19 that can work under low temperature or high temperature is housed in the superconducting heat collection comb 6, and whole superconducting pipe is the airtight vacuum attitude.
Described superconducting heat collection comb 6, go up union pipe 8, union pipe 9 is metal material down, adorn superconductor and metal material is compatible.
Described superconducting heat collection comb 6, superconduction heat dissipation head 7, last union pipe 8 and following union pipe 9 can be tubular type or square tube type or flat-tube type or polygon cast.
Described superconduction heat dissipation head 7 is welded into one with last union pipe 8 right-angled intersections, and last union pipe 8 one ends are water inlet 20, and the other end is a delivery port 21, and water can be taken the heat on the superconduction heat dissipation head 7 out of from wherein flowing through.
Both should closely contact the described absorber plate 10 that is welded on superconducting heat collection pipe 6 tops and superconducting heat collection pipe 6, can use the laser weld formula each other, also can use ultrasonic bonding formula or the adhered connection of metal, and contact rate should be more than 80%.
Described absorber plate 10 is a metallic plate, and the surface scribbles selective heat absorbing coating or non-selective heat absorbing coating 22, its objective is solar radiant energy is changed into heat energy.
Described insulating 4,13,14,15,16 is polyurethane or polystyrene or rock wool or mineral wool or mineral wool, and the thermal conductivity factor of thermal insulation layer is less than 0.055w/ (mk), and indeformable during high temperature.
The described transparent cover plate 3 that is contained on the shell 5 can be plate glass or safety glass or synthetic transparent material, and its solar transmission ratio should be greater than 92%, and its spacing apart from absorber plate 10 should leak outside to prevent the heat-energy losses that absorber plate 10 transforms greater than 20mm.
Described shell 5 and base plate 18 are aluminium alloy or carbon sheet or anti-aging synthetic material.

Claims (10)

1. a thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel is by the superconduction central layer (1) that absorbs heat, hot room (2), transparent cover plate (3), insulating (4), shell (5) five parts are formed, and it is characterized in that superconduction heat absorption central layer (1) is by the isometric superconducting heat collection comb (6) in parallel that is parallel to each other, be welded on the superconduction heat dissipation head (7) of superconducting heat collection comb (6) upper end, the last union pipe (8) that links together with superconduction heat dissipation head (7) cross interleave, be welded on the following union pipe (9) of superconducting heat collection comb (6) lower end, the absorber plate (10) and the process duct (11) that are welded on superconducting heat collection comb top constitute; Hot room (2) is by heat-preservation cotton (12) and reach bottom insulating (13) all around, (14) constitute; Around the heat exchanger core is thermal insulation layer (15) and shell (5), and the bottom is thermal insulation layer (13) and base plate (18), and top is transparent cover plate (3).
2. thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described superconducting heat collection comb (6) is isometrical, isometric, the upper end is communicated with superconduction heat dissipation head (7), the lower end is communicated with following union pipe (9) and is vertical, superconductor (19) is housed in the superconducting heat collection comb (6), and whole superconducting pipe is the airtight vacuum attitude.
3. thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described superconducting heat collection comb (6), go up union pipe (8), union pipe (9) is metal material down, adorn superconductor and metal material is compatible.
4. thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described superconducting heat collection comb (6), superconduction heat dissipation head (7), last union pipe (8) and following union pipe (9) can be tubular type or square tube type or flat-tube type or polygon cast.
5. thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described superconduction heat dissipation head (7) is welded into one with last union pipe (8) right-angled intersection, last union pipe (8) one ends are water inlet (20), and the other end is delivery port (21).
6. thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: both should closely contact the described described absorber plate (10) and superconducting heat collection pipe (6) that is welded on superconducting heat collection pipe (6) top, can use the laser weld formula each other, also can use ultrasonic bonding formula or the adhered connection of metal, contact rate should be more than 80%.
7. thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described absorber plate (10) is a metallic plate, and the surface scribbles selective heat absorbing coating or non-selective heat absorbing coating (22).
8. thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described insulating (4), (13), (14), (15), (16) are polyurethane or polystyrene or rock wool or mineral wool or mineral wool, and the thermal conductivity factor of thermal insulation layer is less than 0.055w/ (mk).
9. thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described transparent cover plate (3) that is contained on the shell (5) can be plate glass or safety glass or synthetic transparent material, its solar transmission ratio should be greater than 92%, and its spacing apart from absorber plate 10 should be greater than 20mm.
10. thermal-arrest superconducting flat solar thermal collector in parallel according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described shell (5) and base plate (18) are aluminium alloy or carbon sheet or anti-aging synthetic material.
CN2010205411873U 2010-09-21 2010-09-21 Parallel-connection heat collection superconducting flat plate solar collector Expired - Fee Related CN201852314U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102620452A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 杨宪杰 Closed runner flat-plate solar heat collector plate core
CN103673318A (en) * 2012-09-10 2014-03-26 安徽人人家太阳能有限公司 Manufacturing method of efficient solar heat collection device and efficient solar heat collection device product
CN103791630A (en) * 2014-02-19 2014-05-14 扬州市喜来太阳能科技有限公司 Reducer pipe type antifreezing solar flat plate collector
CN111457604A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-07-28 林洁 Novel flat-plate solar heat absorber and heat collecting system thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102620452A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 杨宪杰 Closed runner flat-plate solar heat collector plate core
CN103673318A (en) * 2012-09-10 2014-03-26 安徽人人家太阳能有限公司 Manufacturing method of efficient solar heat collection device and efficient solar heat collection device product
CN103673318B (en) * 2012-09-10 2015-12-09 安徽人人家太阳能有限公司 High-efficiency solar heat collector preparation method and goods thereof
CN103791630A (en) * 2014-02-19 2014-05-14 扬州市喜来太阳能科技有限公司 Reducer pipe type antifreezing solar flat plate collector
CN111457604A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-07-28 林洁 Novel flat-plate solar heat absorber and heat collecting system thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 317600 Zhejiang province Yuhuan County electromechanical Industrial Park Taizhou hooray Solar Technology Co. Ltd.

Patentee after: Taizhou Hooray Solar Tech. Co., Ltd.

Address before: 317600 Zhejiang province Yuhuan County electromechanical Industrial Park

Patentee before: Taizhou Hooray Solar Tech. Co., Ltd.

C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110601

Termination date: 20120921