CN201837014U - Base station intelligent ventilating system - Google Patents

Base station intelligent ventilating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201837014U
CN201837014U CN2010205786836U CN201020578683U CN201837014U CN 201837014 U CN201837014 U CN 201837014U CN 2010205786836 U CN2010205786836 U CN 2010205786836U CN 201020578683 U CN201020578683 U CN 201020578683U CN 201837014 U CN201837014 U CN 201837014U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
base station
blower fan
temperature
intelligent ventilating
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CN2010205786836U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张海涛
周玉华
董平
李明
刘运亮
吕科宝
Original Assignee
山东瑞科通信科技发展有限公司
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Priority to CN2010205786836U priority Critical patent/CN201837014U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201837014U publication Critical patent/CN201837014U/en

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Abstract

In order to overcome the disadvantages in technical problems, the utility model provides a base station intelligent ventilating system which is applied to communication base stations, broadcasting and TV base stations or computer rooms and can remarkably save energies. An air conditioner with a temperature reducing effect is arranged in a base station. The system is characterized by the inclusion of a control box for bearing a computing control circuit, and an air inlet blower fan and an air outlet blower fan which are arranged on the base station, wherein the input terminal of the control box is connected with an indoor temperature sensor and an outdoor temperature sensor which are used for detecting indoor temperature and outdoor temperature respectively; and the output terminal of the control box is connected with the air inlet blower fan, the air outlet blower fan and the air conditioner through control lines. The system achieves the effect that temperature reducing modes are selected according to indoor temperature conditions and outdoor temperature conditions, replaces the traditional method of reducing temperature with the air conditioner only, and achieves a remarkable energy-saving effect; and the system also realizes the remote transmission and remote control of information.

Description

The base station intelligent ventilating system

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of base station intelligent ventilating system, in particular, relates in particular to a kind of that be applied in communication base station, broadcasting and TV base station or computer room and can realize significantly energy-conservation base station intelligent ventilating system.

Background technology

China is the country of energy resources critical shortage, and energy conservation has become national affairs, the major issue of whole society's fellowship, and new " economizing energy law " become the fundamental state policy of China.Current era is the epoch of high speed information development, human society to the demand linked up in continuous increase, for reach any time, any place and target that anyone can both link up, communications service provider (SP/ISP) constantly enlarges the network input, increase the covering of network, like this, the quantity of mobile base station rapidly increases.Follow of the requirement of national Ministry of Industry and Information in September, 2009 communication industry standard D/T1969-2009 of the People's Republic of China (PRC) " communications office site's intelligent ventilation energy-saving system " that promulgation is carried out, realize that the base station accomplishes real unmanned, need to guarantee the electronic device works (base-station environment standard GB50174-93 stipulates 18 ° of C-28 ° of C of base station temperature all the year round) under certain temperature environment in the base station.

The mobile communication base station machine room is totally-enclosed machine room, and the power-supply device in the machine room, transmitter, transmission equipment etc. all are bigger heaters.Keep the certain operating ambient temperature of machine room, mainly realize by air-conditioning.The most of the time air-conditioning all was in running status (refrigeration) in 1 year 365 day, even summer, nocturnal temperature (this temperature also satisfies the requirement of indoor communication apparatus working environment) about 20 ° of C sometimes, air-conditioning is also opened.Like this, but the advantage of winter, spring, Qiu Sanji and the outdoor low temperature radiating and cooling of period morning and evening in summer is out in the cold, causes the unnecessary waste of electric energy, and operation cost can be in any more.

Summary of the invention

The utility model is in order to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned technical problem, provides a kind of that be applied in communication base station, broadcasting and TV base station or computer room and can realize significantly energy-conservation base station intelligent ventilating system.

Base station of the present utility model intelligent ventilating system, be provided with the air-conditioning of cooling effect in the described base station, its special feature is: described base station intelligent ventilating system comprises and is used to carry the control cabinet of arithmetic control circuit and is arranged at air intake blower fan and air-out blower fan on the base station that the input of described control cabinet is connected with indoor temperature transmitter and the outdoor temperature sensor that respectively the indoor and outdoors temperature is detected; The output of described control cabinet is connected with air-conditioning with air intake blower fan, air-out blower fan by control line.Be provided with on the base station after air intake blower fan and the air-out blower fan, under the lower situation of ambient temperature at the night in spring, autumn, winter or summer, by close air-conditioning open blower fan the temperature maintenance of base station in certain temperature range, thereby realize purpose of energy saving.Control cabinet is used for carrying and protection arithmetic control circuit, and arithmetic control circuit can be realized collection and the computing and the output control signal of signal.

Base station of the present utility model intelligent ventilating system, the input of described control cabinet also are connected with respectively indoor humidity sensor and the outside humidity sensor that the humidity to indoor and outdoors detects; Be provided with the cigarette sense probe that is electrically connected with control cabinet in the described base station.Indoor temperature transmitter is used for the Humidity Detection in the base station and the environmental monitoring platform by control cabinet and base station transfer of data to Surveillance center at a distance; If it is too high that outdoor temperature sensor detects outdoor humidity, will stop the operation of air intake blower fan and air-out blower fan.Cigarette sense probe produces the operation that will close blower fan and air-conditioning when reporting to the police.

Base station of the present utility model intelligent ventilating system, the air inlet of described air intake blower fan is provided with high efficiency particle air filter, and the filtrate that adopts in this high efficiency particle air filter is a degradable filter paper; The air outlet of described air-out blower fan is provided with shutter.Adopt high efficiency particle air filter, can trap 0.5 μ m following particle dust and various suspension; Adopt the degradable filter paper of import to make filtrate, can improve the efficient of filtration.Outlet at the air-out blower fan is provided with shutter, can further prevent entering of extraneous dust.

Base station of the present utility model intelligent ventilating system, the arithmetic control circuit of described control cabinet inside comprises microcontroller, the model of this microcontroller is AT89S51; The output port of described microcontroller is connected with and is used for display screen and RS485 communication module that temperature and humidity information is shown, and described display screen is the 16*2LCD display screen.Model is that the single-chip microcomputer of AT89S51 all has stable service behaviour, and the 16*2LCD display screen can be realized the demonstration of temperature and humidity, helps field adjustable.Microcontroller by the RS485 communication module can realize be arranged on the base station in the environmental monitoring platform be connected so as the signal that control line is collected and handle after data be sent to a distant place.

Base station of the present utility model intelligent ventilating system, the output of described microcontroller are provided with and are used for solid-state relay that air-conditioning, air intake blower fan and air-out blower fan are controlled respectively.Generally speaking, solid-state relay can carry out the output of 20A electric current, so microcontroller can directly be controlled the break-make of the power supply of air-conditioning and blower fan by solid-state relay.

Base station of the present utility model intelligent ventilating system, described air intake blower fan and air-out blower fan are separately positioned on the bottom and the top of base station machine room wall.Usually under the state, same indoor top temperature can be a little more than bottom temp, and therefore, air intake blower fan is arranged on the entering of the useful cool ambient air in bottom of base station, and the air-out blower fan is arranged on the discharge of the useful internal heat air in top of base station.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: intelligent ventilating system of the present utility model base station is provided with air intake blower fan, air-out blower fan and carries out the control cabinet that data are handled and controlled, realized choosing cooling method according to the temperature conditions of indoor and outdoors, change the method that in the past adopts air-conditioning temperature-reducing merely, realized obvious energy-saving effect; The utility model also can be provided for the humidity sensor of Humidity Detection and the RS485 communication module that is used to communicate by letter, and has also realized the remote transmission of information when realizing the various parameter detecting of base station working environment, helps realizing Long-distance Control.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a work schematic diagram of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the present utility model;

Among the figure: 1 microcontroller, 2 outdoor temperature sensor, 3 indoor temperature transmitters, 4 indoor humidity sensors, 5 outside humidity sensors, 6 air intake blower fan controllers, 7 air-out controller of fan, 8 air-conditioner controllers, 9 RS485 communication modules, 10 air intake blower fans, 11 air-out blower fans, 12 display screens, 13 cigarette senses probe, 14 control cabinets.

The specific embodiment

The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, base station of the present utility model intelligent ventilating system work schematic diagram and schematic diagram have been provided respectively, it comprises the air intake blower fan 10 that is arranged on the body of wall of base station, is arranged at air-out blower fan 11, outdoor temperature sensor 2, outside humidity sensor 5, indoor temperature transmitter 3, indoor humidity sensor 4, control cabinet 14, cigarette sense probe 13 on the body of wall of base station, shown air intake blower fan 10 is arranged on the lower position of base station wall, air-out blower fan 11 is arranged at the top position of base station wall, so that realize good performance of ventilating.Can respectively open the circular hole that a diameter is 16 centimetres and 20 centimetres at wall north and south, base station face, as the air inlet of air intake blower fan 10 and the air outlet of air-out blower fan 11, can the theftproof performance of base station body of wall not impacted substantially respectively.The air inlet of air intake blower fan 10 is provided with high efficiency particle air filter; air cleaner can be divided into roughing efficiency air filter according to its operation principle; medium effeciency filter; model such as high efficiency particulate air filter and inferior high efficiency filter; what native system adopted is high efficiency particulate air filter, can be used for trapping 0.5um following particle dust and various suspension.The approach that improves efficiency of air filter is the filtering material area that increases in the filter, under the situation about being restricted in the space, high efficiency particulate air filter in the native system adopts import filter paper to make filtrate, adopt two refill barrel type filterings, in limited space, increased filter area, improved filter effect, increased dust capaciting ability, realized that filter effect satisfies the cleanliness factor requirement of base station.For the ease of using, the filter in the native system is to adopt disposable design, and they need not to clean, and directly change to get final product, and are economical and practical, change 1 time in common 2 months.The air outlet of air-out blower fan 11 is provided with shutter, can further play the dustproof effect.

Indoor temperature transmitter 3, indoor humidity sensor 4 and cigarette sense probe 13 all are arranged on the inside of base station, and outdoor temperature sensor 2 and outside humidity sensor 5 all are arranged in the import of air intake blower fan 10.The schematic diagram of the internal circuit of control cabinet 14 as shown in Figure 2, it comprises microcontroller 1, air intake blower fan controller 6, air-out controller of fan 7, air-conditioner controller 8, RS485 communication module 9, display screen 12, and microcontroller 1 adopts the AT89S51 single-chip microcomputer of atmel corp as control chip; Display screen 12 adopts the 16*2LCD display screen, so that to showing with sitting environment temperature, ambient humidity and ambient parameter.Native system can be realized being connected with long distance control system by RS485 communication module 9, is convenient to staff in the remote equipment room and in time understands base-station environment and base-station environment is monitored, and really realizes unmanned work.Air intake blower fan controller 6, air-out controller of fan 7 and air-conditioner controller 8 all adopt solid-state relay, so that realize the direct control to blower fan and air-conditioning.

The operation principle of native system and process: native system utilizes the natural air of Various Seasonal, varying environment, different periods, adopts the temperature difference of outdoor environment temperature and indoor temperature, utilizes the convection current of cold and hot wind that the temperature of machine room is remained in certain scope.Thereby reduce the available machine time of base station air conditioner to greatest extent,, also prolonged the service life of air-conditioning so that reduce the consumption of electric energy.The automatic switchover of ventilating system and air-conditioning is judged, controlled to native system according to its outdoor temperature of taking, brings into play the power savings advantages of native system to greatest extent.

Base station of the present utility model intelligent ventilating system, indoor and outdoor temperature, outside humidity and the indoor cigarette emotion condition of gathering according to sensor determined the duty of ventilating system and air-conditioning.The prime minister sets a temperature upper limit and a lowest temperature according to the desired condition of work of the communication apparatus in the base station, and when indoor temperature was lower than set lower limit, air-conditioning and two blower fans were all closed; When indoor temperature is higher than set higher limit, operation of air conditioner, two blower fans cut out; Indoor temperature is higher than lower limit, is lower than higher limit, and outdoor temperature is also between temperature upper limit and lower limit the time, and air-conditioning is closed, and blower fan is started working, and utilizes indoor/outdoor temperature-difference, forced ventilation heat loss through convection.Make full use of the natural resources, regulate indoor temperature, reach power saving, energy-conservation purpose.

Claims (6)

1. base station intelligent ventilating system, be provided with the air-conditioning of cooling effect in the described base station, it is characterized in that: described base station intelligent ventilating system comprises the control cabinet (14) that is used to carry arithmetic control circuit and is arranged at air intake blower fan (10) and air-out blower fan (11) on the base station that the input of described control cabinet (14) is connected with indoor temperature transmitter (3) and the outdoor temperature sensor (2) that respectively the indoor and outdoors temperature is detected; The output of described control cabinet (14) is connected with air-conditioning with air intake blower fan (10), air-out blower fan (11) by control line.
2. base station according to claim 1 intelligent ventilating system is characterized in that: the input of described control cabinet (14) also is connected with respectively indoor humidity sensor (4) and the outside humidity sensor (5) that the humidity to indoor and outdoors detects; Be provided with the cigarette sense probe (13) that is electrically connected with control cabinet (14) in the described base station.
3. base station according to claim 1 and 2 intelligent ventilating system is characterized in that: the air inlet of described air intake blower fan (10) is provided with high efficiency particle air filter, and the filtrate that adopts in this high efficiency particle air filter is a degradable filter paper; The air outlet of described air-out blower fan (11) is provided with shutter.
4. base station according to claim 1 and 2 intelligent ventilating system is characterized in that: the inner arithmetic control circuit of described control cabinet (14) comprises microcontroller (1), and the model of this microcontroller (14) is AT89S51; The output port of described microcontroller (14) is connected with and is used for display screen (14) and RS485 communication module (9) that temperature and humidity information is shown, and described display screen (14) is the 16*2LCD display screen.
5. base station according to claim 4 intelligent ventilating system is characterized in that: the output of described microcontroller (1) is provided with and is used for solid-state relay that air-conditioning, air intake blower fan (10) and air-out blower fan (11) are controlled respectively.
6. base station according to claim 1 and 2 intelligent ventilating system is characterized in that: described air intake blower fan (10) and air-out blower fan (11) are separately positioned on the bottom and the top of base station machine room wall.
CN2010205786836U 2010-10-27 2010-10-27 Base station intelligent ventilating system CN201837014U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102418982A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-04-18 董耀云 Energy-saving control method and system for accurately supplying air to base station
CN102980276A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-03-20 无锡博欧节能科技有限公司 Intelligent fresh air system for energy saving of base station
CN103047739A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-17 无锡博欧节能科技有限公司 Intelligent central ventilation system and remote automatic batch software updating method
CN104154625A (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-11-19 福建海晟环境科技有限公司 Plant ventilation and heat dissipation system
CN104566641A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-04-29 深圳市共济科技有限公司 Energy-saving air conditioning system in data center and heat dissipation method of energy-saving air conditioning system
CN104776541A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-07-15 东南大学 Intelligent air ventilation system of machine room of base station
CN105020864A (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-11-04 周正华 Linkage control method for air conditioner and fan of mobile communication base station
CN106403131A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 安徽瑞宏信息科技有限公司 Base station room new wind energy saving system
CN110286621A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-09-27 北京旗硕基业科技股份有限公司 A kind of ventilation controller based on hierarchical algorithms

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102418982A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-04-18 董耀云 Energy-saving control method and system for accurately supplying air to base station
CN102980276A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-03-20 无锡博欧节能科技有限公司 Intelligent fresh air system for energy saving of base station
CN102980276B (en) * 2012-12-27 2015-10-28 无锡博欧节能科技有限公司 A kind of base station energy-saving Intelligent fresh air system
CN103047739A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-17 无锡博欧节能科技有限公司 Intelligent central ventilation system and remote automatic batch software updating method
CN103047739B (en) * 2012-12-28 2015-06-03 无锡博欧节能科技有限公司 Intelligent central ventilation system and remote automatic batch software updating method
CN104154625A (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-11-19 福建海晟环境科技有限公司 Plant ventilation and heat dissipation system
CN105020864A (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-11-04 周正华 Linkage control method for air conditioner and fan of mobile communication base station
CN104566641A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-04-29 深圳市共济科技有限公司 Energy-saving air conditioning system in data center and heat dissipation method of energy-saving air conditioning system
CN104776541A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-07-15 东南大学 Intelligent air ventilation system of machine room of base station
CN106403131A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 安徽瑞宏信息科技有限公司 Base station room new wind energy saving system
CN110286621A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-09-27 北京旗硕基业科技股份有限公司 A kind of ventilation controller based on hierarchical algorithms

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110518

Termination date: 20191027