CN201832541U - Smoke gas contaminant remover of sintering machine - Google Patents

Smoke gas contaminant remover of sintering machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201832541U
CN201832541U CN2010206028578U CN201020602857U CN201832541U CN 201832541 U CN201832541 U CN 201832541U CN 2010206028578 U CN2010206028578 U CN 2010206028578U CN 201020602857 U CN201020602857 U CN 201020602857U CN 201832541 U CN201832541 U CN 201832541U
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China
Prior art keywords
bellows
output
reactor
flue gas
elementary
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2010206028578U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
斯洪良
葛介龙
王少权
李文勇
张永
杨涛
李卫忠
顾亚萍
方培根
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ZHEJIANG FEIDA DESULFURATION ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Zhejiang Feida Environmental Science and Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ZHEJIANG FEIDA DESULFURATION ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Zhejiang Feida Environmental Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010206028578U priority Critical patent/CN201832541U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

The utility model discloses a smoke gas contaminant remover of a sintering machine, which is used for a wind box of the sintering machine, wherein the wind box comprises a wind box head end, a wind box middle part and a wind box tail end in sequential arrangement, the smoke gas contaminant remover comprises a first primary dust remover and a second primary dust remover, the input end of the first primary dust remover is connected with the middle part of the wind box, the output end of the first primary dust remover is provided with a first main exhaust fan, the output end of the first main exhaust fan is connected to a reactor, a first activated carbon adding system and a digestive device are arranged at the front part of the reactor, the output end of the reactor is connected to a secondary dust remover, the gas phase output end of the secondary dust remover is connected with a chimney through a pressure boosting fan, the input end of the secondary primary dust remover is connected to the wind box head end and the wind box tail end, a second activated carbon adding system is arranged at the front part of the second primary dust remover, the output end of the second primary dust remover is provided with a second main exhaust fan, and the gas phase output end of the second main exhaust fan is connected with the chimney. The smoke gas contaminant remover can carry out cooperative removal on various kinds of contaminant such as SO2, NOx, heavy metals, dioxin and the like, and in addition, the investment and operation cost is reduced.

Description

A kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device
[technical field]
The utility model relates to the discharged flue gas purified treatment field to burning institute, relates in particular to SO in the steel works sintering machine flue gas 2, NO XAnd combined pollutant cooperation-removal device.
[technical background]
Sintering flue gas desulfurization is the emphasis and the difficult point of present steel industry efforts at environmental protection." the comprehensive programme of work of energy-saving and emission-reduction " of State Council issue clearly proposed to realize during " 11th Five-Year " goal task of energy-saving and emission-reduction: total emissions of major pollutants reduces 10%; Promptly by 2010, national sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions total amount reduces to 2,295 ten thousand tons by 2,549 ten thousand tons in 2005.
At present, the steel industry SO2 emissions account for 8% of national industrial sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions total amount, are only second to the thermoelectricity industry, occupy second.According to investigations, national steel industry sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions total amount was about 740,000 tons in 2005, about 760,000 tons by 2006; 2007 is 75.64 ten thousand tons, is only than 2006 and has reduced 0.5%; Iron and steel enterprise's SO2 emissions of national emphasis statistics in 2008 are about 1,100,000 tons, and wherein the sintering link is 800,000 tons, accounts for more than 70% of total emission volumn.
By above-mentioned data as can be known, in " 11th Five-Year " preceding 3 years, SO2 emissions did not only realize reducing discharging on basis in 2005, and having on the contrary to a certain degree increases.And by in by the end of May, 2009, China only forms 8.2 ten thousand tons of sintering flue gas desulfurization abilities, so it is very severe to reduce discharging situation.
Up to now, the propelling of sintering flue gas desulfurization work is still slow, and denitration does not also start, and traces it to its cause, and mainly contains three; The one, because investment is big, operating cost is high.Second is exactly that original steel mill does not consider flue gas desulfurization, denitration, causes this place anxiety, difficult arrangement.Three, because in the present power industry flue gas desulfurization technique, technical barriers such as equipment corrosion is serious, obstruction, the difficult dehydration of gypsum, wastewater treatment difficulty have appearred in the limestone/gypsum wet method that accounts for main flow in the sintering sector application, and SO3, HCl, HF etc. are difficult to remove; And ammonia-ammonium sulfate method is except the danger that raw material ammonia exist to be leaked, because the moisture-absorption characteristics and the nominal particle size of sulphur ammonium, the desulfurization after funnel is prone to and emits white cigarette phenomenon, and after the desulfurization heavy metal with bioxin can enter desulfurizing byproduct---sulphur ammonium; Also have active carbon/burnt method, though have the comprehensive remove of combined pollutant, one-time investment and operating cost are so high, can not get large tracts of land at all and promote.
At present, scientific and technical personnel are carrying out some useful researchs aspect sinter fume pollutant removing technology and the device, as notification number is the patent of CN201302374Y, sintering device flue gas has been carried out selective desulfurization, greatly reduce equipment and use cost, but it can't realize the cooperation-removal to combined pollutants such as NOx, dioxin and heavy metals; As notification number is the utility model patent of CN101306311A, can realize combined pollutant cooperation-removals such as multiple sour gas, heavy metal, dioxin in the sinter fume, but can't effectively remove NOx, and because be that full flue gas removes, so cost is very high.Equally, notification number is the utility model patent of CN101254394A, also can realize combined pollutant cooperation-removals such as multiple sour gas, NOx, heavy metal, dioxin in the sinter fume, handles but denitration all is later on full flue gas, so cost is also very high.
[utility model content]
The purpose of this utility model is exactly in order to solve problems of the prior art, proposes a kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device, not only can be to SO 2, multiple pollutants such as NOx, heavy metal, dioxin carry out cooperation-removal, and can reduce investment and operating cost.
For achieving the above object, the utility model patent has proposed a kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device, the bellows that are used for sintering machine, described bellows comprise the bellows head end that sets gradually, bellows middle part and bellows end, this device comprises the first elementary deduster and the second elementary deduster, the input of the described first elementary deduster is connected to the bellows middle part, the first elementary deduster output is provided with first main exhauster, the output of first main exhauster is connected to reactor, the front portion of reactor is furnished with first active carbon charging system and the digester, the output of reactor is connected to secondary ash collector, and the gas phase output of secondary ash collector links to each other with chimney by booster fan; The input of the described second elementary deduster is connected to bellows head end and bellows end, the front portion of the described second elementary deduster is furnished with the second active carbon charging system, the output of the second elementary deduster is provided with second main exhauster, and the gas phase output of second main exhauster links to each other with chimney.
As preferably, described secondary ash collector connects by ash-pit carries batcher, carries the output of batcher to connect humidifier, and the output of humidifier is connected in the reactor, and is recycling, saves cost, reduces and pollutes.
As preferably, the described second elementary deduster adopts electric cleaner or electric bag dust collector, and is simple in structure, good dedusting effect, and cost is low.
As preferably, the described first elementary deduster adopts electric cleaner, and secondary ash collector adopts sack cleaner, and is simple in structure, good dedusting effect, and cost is low.
As preferably, described digester is a desulphurization denitration additive digester, has the out of stock effect of good desulfurization.
As preferably, described digester comprises the elementary coarse granule digestion zone that sets gradually, inferior grade coupled digestion zone and catapepsis district, and is simple in structure, digests effective.
The beneficial effect of the utility model patent: the utility model is done differentiated treatment to the flue gas of bellows different parts, not only can be to SO 2, multiple pollutant such as NOx, heavy metal, dioxin carries out cooperation-removal, SO 2Removal efficiency can reach more than the 85%-90%, and can remove the SO of the overwhelming majority simultaneously 3, HCL, HF etc.; Simultaneously, the NOx in the flue gas is removed by the oxidation of denitration additive, and efficient can reach more than 50%.And the utility model has reduced investment and operating cost, and the equipment occupation of land is little, arrangement convenience.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device in the utility model.
[specific embodiment]
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device, the bellows that are used for sintering machine, described bellows comprise the bellows head end 31 that sets gradually, bellows middle part 32 and bellows end 33, this device comprises the first elementary deduster 11 and the second elementary deduster 22, the input of the described first elementary deduster 11 is connected to bellows middle part 32, first elementary deduster 11 outputs are provided with first main exhauster 12, the output of first main exhauster 12 is connected to reactor 15, the front portion of reactor 15 is furnished with the first active carbon charging system 13 and digester 14, the output of reactor 15 is connected to secondary ash collector 16, and the gas phase output of secondary ash collector 16 links to each other with chimney 4 by booster fan 10; The input of the described second elementary deduster 22 is connected to bellows head end 31 and bellows end 33, the front portion of the described second elementary deduster 22 is furnished with the second active carbon charging system 21, the gas phase output that the output of the second elementary deduster 22 is provided with second main exhauster, 23, the second main exhausters 23 links to each other with chimney 4.Described secondary ash collector 16 connects conveying batcher 18 by the ash-pit 17 of ship shape, carries the output of batcher 18 to connect humidifier 19, and the output of humidifier 19 is connected in the reactor 15, and is recycling, saves cost, reduces pollution.The described second elementary deduster 22 adopts electric cleaner or electric bag dust collector, and is simple in structure, good dedusting effect, and cost is low.The described first elementary deduster 11 adopts electric cleaner, and secondary ash collector 16 adopts sack cleaner, and is simple in structure, good dedusting effect, and cost is low.Described digester 14 is a desulphurization denitration additive digester 14, has the out of stock effect of good desulfurization.Described digester 14 comprises the elementary coarse granule digestion zone that sets gradually, inferior grade coupled digestion zone and catapepsis district, and is simple in structure, digests effective.
A kind of sintering device flue gas method for removing pollutant, the bellows that are used for sintering machine, described bellows comprise bellows head end 31, bellows middle part 32 and the bellows end 33 that sets gradually, this method comprises desulfurizing and denitrifying process line and non-desulfurizing and denitrifying process line, described desulfurizing and denitrifying process line is connected to bellows middle part 32, the flue gas at bellows middle part 32 enters chimney 4 successively behind the first elementary deduster 11, first main exhauster 12, reactor 15, secondary ash collector 16, booster fan 10, the front portion of reactor 15 is furnished with the first active carbon charging system 13 and digester 14; Non-desulfurizing and denitrifying process line is connected to bellows head end 31 and bellows end 33, the flue gas of bellows head end 31 and bellows end 33 enters chimney 4, the second elementary dedusters 22 successively behind the second elementary deduster 22, second main exhauster 23 front portion is furnished with the second active carbon charging system 21.The outlet temperature of described secondary ash collector 16 is controlled at 80~100 ℃.Be added with sulfur-removing additives and denitration additive in the described digester 14, have the out of stock effect of good desulfurization.Described denitration additive is chosen potassium permanganate (KMnO 4), sodium chlorite (NaClO 2), calcium hypochlorite (Ca (ClO) 2) at least a and neutral adminicle mix, have the out of stock effect of good desulfurization.Sulfur-removing additives adopts existing sulfur-removing additives commonly used.
This method has desulfurizing and denitrifying process line and two processing lines of non-desulfurizing and denitrifying process line.
Desulfurizing and denitrifying process line: elementary deduster, main exhauster behind the described elementary deduster, the output coupled reaction device 15 of main exhauster, the novel digester 14 that active carbon charging system and digestion desulfurization and denitration additive are arranged in the arranged in front of reactor 15, the output of reactor 15 connects secondary ash collector 16, described secondary ash collector 16 connects by ship shape ash-pit 17 carries batcher 18, carry batcher 18 outputs to connect humidifier 19, the output of humidifier 19 is connected on the reactor 15; The gas phase output of secondary ash collector 16 links to each other with chimney 4 by booster fan 10.
Non-desulfurizing and denitrifying process line: elementary deduster, be furnished with the active carbon charging system before the described elementary deduster, behind elementary deduster, be furnished with main exhauster, the gas phase output of main exhauster links to each other with chimney 4.
According to the characteristics of sintering device flue gas, general head, terminal bellows flue-gas temperature are lower, the SO of generation 2And NOx is few, and the middle part box temperature is higher, SO 2And NOx concentration is higher; The utility model is selected higher, the SO of sintering machine middle part box temperature 2Reach the processing object of the higher flue gas of NOx concentration as the desulfurizing and denitrifying process line, the flue gas that only needs to handle the middle part bellows about 50-60% generally speaking just can reach the qualified discharge of SO2 and NOx, and can remove SO3, HCL, HF etc. simultaneously, greatly reduce cost of investment and operating cost.
In the utility model, in the desulfurizing and denitrifying process line, be furnished with digester 14, after the desulphurization denitration additive adds water digestion, in reactor 15, realize desulphurization denitration simultaneously.In addition, by adding active carbon respectively, can realize cooperation-removal to multiple pollutants such as heavy metal, dioxin two processing lines.Digester 14 is digestion facilities of the multiple smoke absorption agent of a kind of energy preparation, and it passes through to add respectively desulphurization denitration additive etc. in digestion zones at different levels, adds to obtain multiple desulfurization, denitration absorbent after water digests; Novel digester 14 is made up of for three grades elementary coarse granule digestion zone, inferior grade coupled digestion zone and catapepsis district, and desulfurizing agent that digestion generates and denitrfying agent etc. can directly enter reactor 15, almost do not have loss of activity.
And, because native system selects for use flue as desulfurization, Benitration reactor 15, so can solve the difficult problem of most of sintering machine of steel mill desulfurization, denitration device layout place anxiety.
The foregoing description is to explanation of the present utility model, is not to qualification of the present utility model, any scheme after the utility model simple transformation is all belonged to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device, the bellows that are used for sintering machine, described bellows comprise the bellows head end that sets gradually, bellows middle part and bellows end, it is characterized in that: this device comprises the first elementary deduster and the second elementary deduster, the input of the described first elementary deduster is connected to the bellows middle part, the first elementary deduster output is provided with first main exhauster, the output of first main exhauster is connected to reactor, the front portion of reactor is furnished with first active carbon charging system and the digester, the output of reactor is connected to secondary ash collector, and the gas phase output of secondary ash collector links to each other with chimney by booster fan; The input of the described second elementary deduster is connected to bellows head end and bellows end, the front portion of the described second elementary deduster is furnished with the second active carbon charging system, the output of the second elementary deduster is provided with second main exhauster, and the gas phase output of second main exhauster links to each other with chimney.
2. a kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described secondary ash collector connects by ash-pit carries batcher, carries the output of batcher to connect humidifier, and the output of humidifier is connected in the reactor.
3. a kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: the described second elementary deduster adopts electric cleaner or electric bag dust collector.
4. a kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: the described first elementary deduster adopts electric cleaner, and secondary ash collector adopts sack cleaner.
5. a kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: described digester is a desulphurization denitration additive digester.
6. a kind of sintering device flue gas pollutant removing device as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: described digester comprises the elementary coarse granule digestion zone that sets gradually, inferior grade coupled digestion zone and catapepsis district.
CN2010206028578U 2010-11-05 2010-11-05 Smoke gas contaminant remover of sintering machine Expired - Lifetime CN201832541U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101983751A (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-03-09 浙江菲达脱硫工程有限公司 Device and method for removing smoke pollutants of sintering machine
CN103706245A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-09 科林环保装备股份有限公司 Integrated sintering flue gas desulfurization/dioxin removal/dust collection equipment without electrostatic dust collector
CN105276999A (en) * 2014-05-30 2016-01-27 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 Sintering flue gas waste heat utilization and deep purification method and system thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101983751A (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-03-09 浙江菲达脱硫工程有限公司 Device and method for removing smoke pollutants of sintering machine
CN101983751B (en) * 2010-11-05 2012-06-06 浙江菲达脱硫工程有限公司 Device and method for removing smoke pollutants of sintering machine
CN103706245A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-09 科林环保装备股份有限公司 Integrated sintering flue gas desulfurization/dioxin removal/dust collection equipment without electrostatic dust collector
CN105276999A (en) * 2014-05-30 2016-01-27 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 Sintering flue gas waste heat utilization and deep purification method and system thereof

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Granted publication date: 20110518