CN201828020U - Solar-air double-heat source type heat pump water heater - Google Patents

Solar-air double-heat source type heat pump water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201828020U
CN201828020U CN201020548133XU CN201020548133U CN201828020U CN 201828020 U CN201828020 U CN 201828020U CN 201020548133X U CN201020548133X U CN 201020548133XU CN 201020548133 U CN201020548133 U CN 201020548133U CN 201828020 U CN201828020 U CN 201828020U
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
air
solar energy
hot water
heat exchanger
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201020548133XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周光辉
刘寅
董秀洁
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Zhongyuan University of Technology
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Zhongyuan University of Technology
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Priority to CN201020548133XU priority Critical patent/CN201828020U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar-air double-heat source type heat pump water heater comprising a compressor, a heat exchanger, a hot water storage tank, a throttle valve, a hot water heat-exchange coil pipe and a connecting pipeline, wherein the heat exchanger is a solar-air double-heat source heat exchanger, one joint of the solar-air double-heat source heat exchanger is connected with one joint of the hot water heat-exchange coil pipe through the compressor, the other joint of the solar-air double-heat source heat exchanger is connected with the other joint of the hot water heat-exchange coil pipe through the throttle valve, the hot water heat-exchange coil pipe is arranged in the hot water storage tank, and the solar-air double-heat source heat exchanger comprises a heat exchange pipe, fins combined with the outer wall of the heat exchange pipe, and solar radiation absorption coatings on the outer surfaces of the heat exchange pipe and the fins. The solar-air double-heat source type heat pump water heater can simultaneously utilize an air source and a solar radiation energy as heat sources of a heat pump so that the coefficient of performance (COP) of a heat supply and the running stability of the heat pump water heater are obviously improved, and the system configuration is simplified.

Description

The solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater
Technical field
The utility model relates to sun use device, particularly utilizes the heat pump assembly of solar energy, specifically is a kind of solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater.
Background technology
Current, energy scarcity and environmental pollution have become two outstanding problems of the global sustainable development of restriction, cause countries in the world concern more and more widely.The energy scarcity outstanding behaviours is aspect two: the main body that is the global energy system on the one hand is " the carbon back energy "-oil and coal, and these non-renewable energy resources are day by day exhausted; The rapid expansion and the energy waste phenomenon that are global total energy consumption on the other hand are serious, have further aggravated the energy scarcity situation.In addition, along with the development of society and the raising of living standards of the people, be used for heating, air-conditioning and produce life increasing with the ratio that the energy consumption of hot water aspect accounts for energy total amount.For this reason, energetically the exploitation and effectively utilize regenerative resource to become the strategy of first developing of various countries.The airborne energy and solar energy are as the renewable and clean energy resource that has huge applications prospect and market, and its exploitation and effective utilization more and more are subjected to paying attention to widely.
Air source hot pump water heater with air as Cooling and Heat Source, simple in structure, easy to install, can make full use of the airborne energy, be a kind of efficient, energy-conservation hot water production equipment.But outside air temperature is crossed when hanging down in the winter time, and the air source heat pump system evaporating temperature is low excessively, the COP(coefficient of performance) sharply descend, system energy consumption raises, and the hot water supply is obviously not enough, even can not normally start.
Solar energy is as the renewable and clean energy resource that has huge applications prospect and market, and its exploitation and effective utilization more and more are subjected to paying attention to widely.Solar heat pump with solar energy heating technology and heat pump techniques organic integration, can improve solar energy heating efficient and heat pump performance as the solar thermal utilization complex art simultaneously.Therefore, innovation and developing low-cost, high efficiency new type solar energy heat pump technology and product have become solar heat pump Study on Technology emphasis and developing direction.Chinese invention patent " solar energy-air Teat pump boiler " (August 28 2003 applying date, August 28 2008 Granted publication day, Granted publication CN 100398936C) a kind of solar energy-air Teat pump boiler is disclosed, form by parts such as solar heat-collection plate, air-conditioning fan, ventilating opening, housings, solar thermal collector and air heat exchanger are combined with compact structure, need independently solar heat-collection plate in this invention, make whole heat pump complex structure.Chinese invention patent " can be realized the solar auxiliary air source heat pump of multi-mode operation " and take the pipeline of more complicated, and the switching with multiple die worker's operation mode of realizing heat pump adds use therein solar heat-collection plate and pipeline thereof, makes its complex structure.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater, and described this solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater will solve solar energy-air heat source heat pump complex structure in the prior art, easy out of order technical problem.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: comprise compressor, heat exchanger, hot water storage tank, choke valve, hot water heat exchange coil and connecting line, described heat exchanger is the two thermal source heat exchangers of solar energy-air, an interface of the two thermal source heat exchangers of solar energy-air and an interface of hot water heat exchange coil are connected by compressor, another interface of the two thermal source heat exchangers of solar energy-air and another interface of hot water heat exchange coil are connected by choke valve, hot water heat exchange coil is located in the hot water storage tank, hot water storage tank is provided with water supplement port and hot water feed water inlet, the two thermal source heat exchangers of this solar energy-air comprise heat exchanger tube, the fin that combines with the heat exchanger tube outer wall, and the solar radiation absorbing coating on heat exchanger tube and the fin outer surface, in the heat exchanger tube is the heat pump fluid passage, and the gap between the fin constitutes the air heat source passage.
The two thermal source heat exchangers of described solar energy-air are the nest plate type structure, and the fin thin plate that is rectangle is provided with the gap between adjacent two fins, the profile of the two thermal source heat exchangers of this solar energy-air of the stacked formation of fin, and the S-shaped bending of heat exchanger tube is arranged between the fin.
The two thermal source heat exchangers of described solar energy-air are around slice structure, the S-shaped bending of its heat exchanger tube, and fin is sheathed on the heat exchanger tube outside.
Be provided with blower fan on the two thermal source heat exchangers of solar energy-air, blower fan is positioned at a side of the two thermal source heat exchangers of solar energy-air.
The solar radiation absorbing coating adopts electro-plating method to be located at heat exchanger tube and fin outer surface.
The solar radiation absorbing coating is located at heat exchanger tube and fin outer surface by spraying or brushing method.
Single fin is the annular thin slice.
The utility model is compared with prior art, and its effect is actively with tangible.This solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater only uses a solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat exchanger can realize obtaining heat simultaneously from solar radiation and air, be coated with the solar radiation absorbing coating at heat exchanger tube and fin outer surface, replaced traditional solar thermal collector, simplified heat exchanger structure on the one hand, also simplified pipeline structure on the other hand, improve the reliability of heat pump, produce hot water when work carrying out heat pump cycle, can utilize air source and the solar radiation can be simultaneously as source heat pump heat, realize that the comprehensive of regenerative resource effectively utilizes, in heating performance coefficient COP that makes Teat pump boiler and the obvious raising of operation stability, system is formed utilize the solar energy heat pump system of solar thermal collector more to simplify more separately.When adopting the nest plate type structure, constitute by a plurality of rectangle thin plate fins are stacked at certain intervals, at this moment, heat exchanger tube is S-shaped to be arranged in the fin, and the gap between adjacent like this two fins constitutes the air draught passage.When adopting around slice structure, adopt the less fin of size, a plurality of fins are sheathed on the heat exchanger tube, and are S-shaped with the heat exchanger tube bending again, and the gap between the fin forms airflow path up and down.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a fundamental diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the sun-air dual-heat-source heat exchanger front view of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the right view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is the sun-air dual-heat-source heat exchanger front view of the utility model embodiment 2.
Fig. 6 is the left view of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the right view of Fig. 6.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail by embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, water pipe and hot water feeding pipe road and necessary valve member have been saved among Fig. 1, in the present embodiment, this solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater, comprise compressor 1, the two thermal source heat exchangers 2 of solar energy-air, hot water storage tank 3, choke valve 4, hot water heat exchange coil 5 and connecting line.Concrete annexation between its each parts is as follows: an interface of the two thermal source heat exchangers 2 of solar energy-air and an interface of heat exchange coil 5 are connected by compressor 1, and another interface of solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat exchanger 2 and another interface of heat exchange coil 5 are connected by choke valve 4; Described heat exchange coil 5 places in the hot water storage tank 3, and hot water storage tank 3 is provided with water supplement port and hot water feed water inlet, and hot water feeding pipe 11 and hot water provide hot water for mouthful being connected to the user, and filling pipe 12 is connected with water supplement port, from the additional cold water in the network of rivers from the beginning; Wherein, the two thermal source heat exchangers 2 of described solar energy-air are the two thermal source heat exchangers of solar energy-air of band high efficient radiation heat absorption coating.The two thermal source heat exchangers 2 of solar energy-air described in the utility model comprise the black solar radiation absorbing coating (not drawing among the figure) that heat exchanger tube 6, the fin 7 that combines with the heat exchanger tube outer wall and heat exchange pipe external surface and fin outer surface are electroplated, and this solar radiation absorbing coating has stronger absorption to solar radiation; In the described heat exchanger tube 6 is heat pump fluid passage 8, the absorption surface that heat exchanger tube 6 outer surfaces of band solar radiation absorbing coating and fin 7 outer surfaces constitute solar source, constitute air heat source passage 9 between heat exchange pipe external surface and the fin, the two thermal source heat exchangers 2 of described solar energy-air are the nest plate type structure, fin 7 thin plate that is rectangle, be provided with the gap between adjacent two fins 7 and constitute air heat source passage 9, the profile of the two thermal source heat exchangers of this solar energy-air of the stacked formation of fin, heat exchanger tube 6 S-shaped bendings are arranged between the fin, be provided with blower fan 10 in heat exchanger 2 one sides, flow to strengthen air, make full use of air heat source.Because fin and heat exchange pipe external surface are coated with the solar radiation absorbing coating, can fully absorb solar energy, do not need to adopt solar thermal collector, have simplified the structure of heat exchanger, and pipeline structure.
Compressor 1 optional invariable frequency compressor or frequency-changeable compressor in the utility model can use existing working medium commonly used and novel environment friendly working medium to do refrigerant.Heat pump fluid can absorb the solar radiant energy heat of the solar radiation absorbing coating absorption of gaseous state thermal source heat and heat exchange pipe external surface and fin outer surface simultaneously.
The course of work of the present utility model is as follows:
Heat pump fluid is by compressor 1 compression, by the road to hot water heat exchange coil 5, in hot water storage tank 3 after the water release heat to be heated, enter through choke valve 4 and to enter compressor after the two thermal source heat exchangers 2 of solar energy-air absorb air heats and solar radiant energy heat and enter next circulation.Hot water in the hot water storage tank 3 flows out through the hot water feed water inlet, and water to be heated enters hot water storage tank 3 through water supplement port.
Embodiment 2
As Fig. 1, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and shown in Figure 7, present embodiment and embodiment 1 difference are, the two thermal source heat exchangers of its described solar energy-air are around slice structure, its heat exchanger tube 6 S-shaped bendings, a plurality of annular fins 7 are sheathed on the heat exchanger tube outside, upper and lower adjacent two layers fin is an isolating construction, and the single fin in the upper and lower adjacent two layers fin is alignment up and down, constitutes air flow passage.
Except such scheme, many places of the present utility model structure can also many distortion.Such as, the profile of solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater also can adopt other form, need not to be square, this can be by changing the shape of fin among the embodiment 1, and the arrangement mode of fin gets final product among the embodiment 2, and simultaneously, fin also can be provided with and be certain moulding, so that air flows, improve heat exchange efficiency.The solar radiation absorbing coating of fin and heat exchange pipe external surface also can adopt other color with better solar radiative absorption performance, such as brown, also can be coated on fin and heat exchange pipe external surface by the mode of spraying or brushing.

Claims (7)

1. solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater, comprise compressor (1), heat exchanger (2), hot water storage tank (3), choke valve (4), hot water heat exchange coil (5) and connecting line, it is characterized in that: described heat exchanger (2) is the two thermal source heat exchangers (2) of solar energy-air, an interface of the two thermal source heat exchangers (2) of solar energy-air and an interface of hot water heat exchange coil (5) are connected by compressor (1), another interface of the two thermal source heat exchangers (2) of solar energy-air and another interface of hot water heat exchange coil (5) are connected by choke valve (4), hot water heat exchange coil (5) is located in the hot water storage tank (3), hot water storage tank (3) is provided with water supplement port and hot water feed water inlet, the two thermal source heat exchangers (2) of this solar energy-air comprise heat exchanger tube (6), the fin (7) that combines with the heat exchanger tube outer wall, and the solar radiation absorbing coating on heat exchanger tube (6) and fin (7) outer surface, in the heat exchanger tube (6) is heat pump fluid passage (8), and the gap between the fin (7) constitutes air heat source passage (9).
2. solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the two thermal source heat exchangers (2) of described solar energy-air are the nest plate type structure, fin (7) thin plate that is rectangle, be provided with the gap between adjacent two fins (7), the profile of the two thermal source heat exchangers (2) of this solar energy-air of the stacked formation of fin (7), the S-shaped bending of heat exchanger tube (6) is arranged between the fin (7).
3. solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the two thermal source heat exchangers (2) of described solar energy-air are around slice structure, the S-shaped bending of its heat exchanger tube (6), fin (7) are sheathed on heat exchanger tube (6) outside.
4. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heaters, it is characterized in that: be provided with blower fan (10) on the two thermal source heat exchangers (2) of solar energy-air, blower fan (10) is positioned at a side of the two thermal source heat exchangers (2) of solar energy-air.
5. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heaters, it is characterized in that: the solar radiation absorbing coating adopts electro-plating method to be located at heat exchanger tube (6) and fin (7) outer surface.
6. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heaters, it is characterized in that: the solar radiation absorbing coating is located at heat exchanger tube (6) and fin (7) outer surface by spraying or brushing method.
7. solar energy-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: single fin (7) is the annular thin slice.
CN201020548133XU 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Solar-air double-heat source type heat pump water heater Expired - Fee Related CN201828020U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201020548133XU CN201828020U (en) 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Solar-air double-heat source type heat pump water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201020548133XU CN201828020U (en) 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Solar-air double-heat source type heat pump water heater

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101929734A (en) * 2010-09-29 2010-12-29 中原工学院 Solar-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater
CN105066446A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-11-18 太原理工大学 Solar energy coupling air source heat pump integrated domestic hot water system and heating method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101929734A (en) * 2010-09-29 2010-12-29 中原工学院 Solar-air dual-heat-source heat pump water heater
CN105066446A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-11-18 太原理工大学 Solar energy coupling air source heat pump integrated domestic hot water system and heating method thereof
CN105066446B (en) * 2015-09-07 2017-09-01 太原理工大学 The integrated hot water supply system of solar energy coupling air source heat pump and its heating method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110511

Termination date: 20120929