CN201796487U - Automatic seawater cage culture environment monitoring device - Google Patents

Automatic seawater cage culture environment monitoring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201796487U
CN201796487U CN2010202797580U CN201020279758U CN201796487U CN 201796487 U CN201796487 U CN 201796487U CN 2010202797580 U CN2010202797580 U CN 2010202797580U CN 201020279758 U CN201020279758 U CN 201020279758U CN 201796487 U CN201796487 U CN 201796487U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
monitoring device
cage culture
culture environment
cabinet
automatic monitoring
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010202797580U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李娇
关长涛
丁润田
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Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Priority to CN2010202797580U priority Critical patent/CN201796487U/en
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Publication of CN201796487U publication Critical patent/CN201796487U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic seawater cage culture environment monitoring device comprising an upper computer and a lower computer used for detecting the environment of a culture water area, wherein the upper computer and the lower computer are internally and respectively provided with a wireless communication module used for wireless network communication. In the utility model, the data interaction between the upper computer and the lower computer can be realized by adopting a wireless network communication, so that the information on the environment of the culture water area collected by the lower computer can be efficiently and reliably fed back to the upper computer in real time so as to be monitored by working staff, thus avoiding the defects of complicated and dangerous offshore routing operation. The lower computer is powered by a solar power supply device, thus overcoming the difficulty of difficult offshore power supply. By adopting the monitoring device, the detection and analysis on the parameters of the seawater cage culture environment can be completed under the conditions of unmanned duty and unmanned operation, thus further providing technical support for the working staff to know the environment of the culture water area in real time.

Description

Automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the aquaculture equipment technical field, specifically, relates to a kind of monitoring device that is used for detecting automatically seawater cage culture environment.
Background technology
Mariculture technology is fast development worldwide, and cage culture has the advantages that as the main breeding way of seawater fish scale is big, output is high.Especially the development and use of deep-sea wind wave-resisting net casing for marine fish culture provides more wide breed waters, have that cultivation density is big, pollution is little, disease is few, the economic benefit advantages of higher, thereby make Deep sea net cage obtain fast development.
The high-quality water body environment in cage culture marine site is to realize basic condition efficient, healthy aquaculture, grasps the variation of breeding water body envirment factor in real time, can provide rationally for the staff, effective operation foundation.But, because that Deep sea net cage is cultured waters water front off sea is far away, need shipping agency a period of time could arrive net cage, so time-consuming consumption power, and at sea under the situation of awful weather, can't go to sea at all and measure.
The utility model content
The utility model is at the operating mode characteristics of Deep sea net cage breeding way, and a kind of dependable performance, easy to operate automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment are provided.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment comprises host computer and is used to detect the slave computer of culturing water environment, is respectively arranged with the wireless communication module that is used to carry out wireless communication in described host computer and slave computer.
Further, in described slave computer, also comprise cabinet, be built in the control circuit board of cabinet, be connected with described circuit board communication multiparameter water quality analyzer and geomagnetic electrokinetograph and the electric supply installation that is used to described control circuit board, multiparameter water quality analyzer, geomagnetic electrokinetograph and wireless communication module power supply.
Preferably, described electric supply installation preferably adopts solar power supply apparatus, comprises solar panel, the charge controller that is connected with described solar panel and the accumulator that is connected with described charge controller.
Further again, described cabinet comprises casing and top cover, and described top cover is described solar panel.
Preferably, the casing of described cabinet adopts the engineering plastics injection moulding to make.
Further again, described cabinet is installed on the net cage, and described multiparameter water quality analyzer and geomagnetic electrokinetograph all are arranged at the cabinet outside, and by the interface that is provided with on the data line junctor box body, described interface connects described control circuit board by patchcord.
Further, described control circuit board is connected communication by the RS232 serial signal line with the wireless communication module that is built in cabinet.
Preferably, also be provided with the temperature sensor that is used to detect the cabinet internal temperature in described cabinet, described temperature sensor is connected with control circuit board.
As a kind of design of host computer, in described host computer, also comprise supervisory control comuter, described supervisory control comuter is connected communication with wireless communication module in the host computer.
Preferably, described wireless communication module can adopt multiple communication module based on wireless network such as GPRS wireless module, gsm wireless module or cdma wireless module to realize.
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present utility model and good effect are: automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment employing wireless communication mode of the present utility model realizes the data interaction between host computer and the slave computer, make the breed water environment information that collects by slave computer can feed back to host computer real-time, efficiently, reliably, thereby avoided marine wiring operation complexity, dangerous defects for staff's monitoring.By adopting solar power supply apparatus is the slave computer power supply, thereby has overcome marine power supply problem of difficult, under the situation of solar radiation deficiency, and still sustainable one week of work.Adopt monitoring device of the present utility model can under unattended, unmanned situation, finish detection and analysis, and then provide technical support for the staff grasps the breeding water body environment in real time to the seawater cage culture environment parameter.
After reading the detailed description of the utility model embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, other characteristics of the present utility model and advantage will become clearer.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the principle Organization Chart of a kind of embodiment of the automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment that proposes of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of slave computer among Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is done explanation in further detail.
Embodiment one, the automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment of present embodiment mainly comprises slave computer 1 and host computer 2 two parts, referring to shown in Figure 1, in order to solve the problem of marine wiring operational difficulty, present embodiment preferably all is provided with a wireless communication module 7,13 in slave computer 1 and host computer 2, employing wireless communication mode realizes the information interaction between the two.
In the present embodiment, described wireless communication module 7,13 can adopt based on the GPRS wireless module of GPRS network or based on the gsm wireless module of mobile communications networks such as GSM, CDMA or cdma wireless module etc. and carry out system design, and present embodiment does not specifically limit this.
In the slave computer 1 of present embodiment, also further be provided with electric supply installation 5, control circuit board 6 and be used to gather the geomagnetic electrokinetograph 11 and the multiparameter water quality analyzer 12 of culturing marine environment information, as shown in Figure 1.Wherein, electric supply installation 5 preferred employing solar power supply apparatus are each the electricity consumption electric in the slave computer 1.Adopt this power supply mode, can at sea power at need, sun power is converted to electric energy, provides slave computer 1 work electricity consumption, such as providing its required working power etc. for the control circuit board in the slave computer 16, wireless communication module 7 and geomagnetic electrokinetograph 11, multiparameter water quality analyzer 12.Control circuit board 6 can be made of chip, interface and the electronic devices and components of single-chip microcomputer and multiple difference in functionality as the control core of whole slave computer 1, has data acquisition, conversion, functions such as transmission and instruction control.Geomagnetic electrokinetograph 11 and multiparameter water quality analyzer 12 are used for the environmental information in seawater cage culture marine site is measured, be connected to control circuit board 6 by data signal line, with the seawater information transmission that collects to control circuit board 6, after control circuit board 6 focused on, control wireless communication module 7 was sent to host computer 2 with the environment measurement data that collect.Host computer 2 receives the measurement data that slave computer 1 sends by its wireless communication module 13, and after carrying out conversion process, transfer to connected supervisory control comuter 14 and show, to offer the real-time monitoring that staff in the Control Room cultures the marine site situation.Wherein, described geomagnetic electrokinetograph 11 can be measured, and have memory function flow velocity, the flow direction of culturing the marine site; Described multiparameter water quality analyzer 12 can be measured four parameters of temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen DO, pH value of culturing the marine site, and finishes the analyzing and processing to signal.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of described slave computer 1, comprise the cabinet 4 that can be fixedly installed on the seawater cage, described control circuit board 6 and wireless communication module 7 are set, outside described geomagnetic electrokinetograph 11 and the multiparameter water quality analyzer 12 of connecting in the inside of cabinet 4.Solar power supply apparatus 5 can be made up of solar panel 5-1, charge controller 5-2 and accumulator 5-3 three parts.Wherein, the top cover that solar panel 5-1 can be used as cabinet 4 is connected with the box sealing of cabinet 4, as shown in Figure 2.The casing of cabinet 4 preferably adopts the injection moulding of ABS engineering plastics material to make, so that it has the performance of waterproof, protection against the tide, anti-salt fog.Charge controller 5-2 is built in the cabinet 4, and with solar panel 5-1 and corresponding connection of accumulator 5-3 that is built in cabinet 4 equally, sun power being converted to power storage in accumulator 5-3, and then provide working power for slave computer 1 by accumulator 5-3.
As a kind of embodiment, the power interface of control circuit board 6 can be connected accumulator 5-3, after receiving the power supply of accumulator 5-3 output and carrying out conversion process, generate and working power that output multiparameter water quality analyzer 12, geomagnetic electrokinetograph 11 and wireless communication module 7 are required.
Side at cabinet 4 casings is provided with the interface 8,9 that is used for external multiparameter water quality analyzer 12 and geomagnetic electrokinetograph 11, the interface type that its interface type and multiparameter water quality analyzer 12 and geomagnetic electrokinetograph 11 self dispose is suitable, and has carried out the waterproof sealing processing.In the inside of cabinet 4, described interface 8,9 is connected with interface on the control circuit board 6 by patchcord, preferably adopts the RS232 serial data mode to realize the high efficiency of transmission of measurement data.
In the present embodiment, the preferred RS232 of employing serial signal line connects communication between described control circuit board 6 and the wireless communication module 7.When system works, the single-chip microcomputer on the control circuit board 6 is the interface that is connected with wireless communication module 7 of gating at first, waits at any time receiving the order that host computer 2 sends.In case after receiving host computer 2 instructions, the interface 8,9 that is connected with geomagnetic electrokinetograph 11 of gating and multiparameter water quality analyzer 12 at once, to read data such as temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, salinity and flow velocity, the gating wireless communication module 7 again, all measurement data are launched by antenna 10, and be sent to host computer 2 in the Control Room by cordless communication network.Supervisory control comuter 14 in the Control Room is communicated by letter with wireless communication module 13 by serial ports, receive the environment measurement data that slave computer 1 sends over, by the special-purpose monitoring software of installing in the supervisory control comuter 14, can show, store, print measurement data, and data be analyzed by multiple modes such as form, figures.When numerical value surpassed artificial preset threshold, supervisory control comuter 14 can send alerting signal, reminded the staff to note.
In addition, in described cabinet 4, temperature sensor can also be set further, cabinet 4 temperature inside are detected in real time being used for, and then transfer to single-chip microcomputer on the control circuit board 6, to judge whether cabinet 4 temperature transfinite, and when transfiniting, send warning message to host computer 2, to guarantee the safe operation of slave computer 1.
Automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment of the present utility model can be finished the water quality monitoring of a plurality of parameters synchronously in real time, thereby a kind of corollary apparatus efficiently is provided for the seawater cage culture industry.
Certainly; above-mentioned explanation is not to be to restriction of the present utility model; the utility model also is not limited in above-mentioned giving an example, and variation, remodeling, interpolation or replacement that those skilled in the art are made in essential scope of the present utility model also should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment is characterized in that: comprise host computer and be used to detect the slave computer of culturing water environment, be respectively arranged with the wireless communication module that is used to carry out wireless communication in described host computer and slave computer.
2. automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also comprise cabinet in described slave computer, be built in the control circuit board of cabinet, be connected the multiparameter water quality analyzer and the geomagnetic electrokinetograph of communication with described circuit board and be used to described control circuit board, multiparameter water quality analyzer, geomagnetic electrokinetograph and wireless communication module that the electric supply installation of working power is provided.
3. automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described electric supply installation is a solar power supply apparatus, comprises solar panel, the charge controller that is connected with described solar panel and the accumulator that is connected with described charge controller.
4. automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described cabinet comprises casing and top cover, and described top cover is described solar panel.
5. automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the casing of described cabinet adopts the engineering plastics injection moulding to make.
6. automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described cabinet is installed on the net cage, described multiparameter water quality analyzer and geomagnetic electrokinetograph all are arranged at the cabinet outside, by the interface that is provided with on the data line junctor box body, described interface connects described control circuit board by patchcord.
7. automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described control circuit board is connected communication by the RS232 serial signal line with the wireless communication module that is built in cabinet.
8. automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment according to claim 2 is characterized in that: also be provided with the temperature sensor that is used to detect the cabinet internal temperature in described cabinet, described temperature sensor is connected with control circuit board.
9. according to each described automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that: also comprise supervisory control comuter in described host computer, described supervisory control comuter is connected communication with wireless communication module in the host computer.
10. automatic monitoring device for seawater cage culture environment according to claim 9 is characterized in that: described wireless communication module is GPRS wireless module, gsm wireless module or cdma wireless module.
CN2010202797580U 2010-07-30 2010-07-30 Automatic seawater cage culture environment monitoring device Expired - Fee Related CN201796487U (en)

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CN2010202797580U CN201796487U (en) 2010-07-30 2010-07-30 Automatic seawater cage culture environment monitoring device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102331485A (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-01-25 华东理工大学 Portable water quality monitor
CN103267832A (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-08-28 安徽工程大学 Online water quality monitoring system for surface water
CN104006847A (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-08-27 舟山施诺海洋科技有限公司 Cultivation sea water environment monitoring and controlling system
CN108709876A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-10-26 华南理工大学 A kind of multi-parameter monitoring moss and water quality device for aquaculture

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102331485A (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-01-25 华东理工大学 Portable water quality monitor
CN103267832A (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-08-28 安徽工程大学 Online water quality monitoring system for surface water
CN104006847A (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-08-27 舟山施诺海洋科技有限公司 Cultivation sea water environment monitoring and controlling system
CN108709876A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-10-26 华南理工大学 A kind of multi-parameter monitoring moss and water quality device for aquaculture
CN108709876B (en) * 2018-03-26 2020-12-22 华南理工大学 A multi-parameter monitoring moss and quality of water device for aquaculture

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110413

Termination date: 20130730