CN201712984U - Anti-blocking loading bin used for lightweight soft material - Google Patents

Anti-blocking loading bin used for lightweight soft material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201712984U
CN201712984U CN2010201971626U CN201020197162U CN201712984U CN 201712984 U CN201712984 U CN 201712984U CN 2010201971626 U CN2010201971626 U CN 2010201971626U CN 201020197162 U CN201020197162 U CN 201020197162U CN 201712984 U CN201712984 U CN 201712984U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vibrating plate
thumb wheel
bin
soft
light weight
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010201971626U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李刚
郭前辉
Original Assignee
河南农业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 河南农业大学 filed Critical 河南农业大学
Priority to CN2010201971626U priority Critical patent/CN201712984U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201712984U publication Critical patent/CN201712984U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an anti-blocking loading bin used for lightweight soft material, which comprises a bin and a tapered necking reducing drum positioned at the lower part of the bin. A back taper shaped flaring discharging opening is connected below the reducing drum; a contracted opening is formed in the position where the discharging opening is connected with the reducing drum; a shifting wheel discharging device is arranged below the contracted opening; shifting wheel teeth are arranged in the circumferencial direction of the shifting wheel discharging device; a vibrating plate is arranged in the bin; and the upper end of the vibrating plate is connected with the bin; the lower end of the vibrating plate is suspended and intersects with the rotation rail of the shifting wheel teeth. A shifting wheel loading device brings the material out the bin and simultaneously forces the vibrating plate to be deformed, when the teeth of the shifting wheel loading device depart from the vibrating plate, the vibrating plate is rebound under the effect of elastic restoring force and vibrated to and fro, the extruded degree of the material is changed and simultaneously the material is conducted to the vibration of the vibrating plate, the material automatically drop down, and the problem that the bin is blocked during the process of the loading of the lightweight soft material, such as wood chip, chopped straw, cut tobacco and cut stem, is solved.

Description

A kind of anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight
Technical field
The utility model relates to the feed bin field, especially relates to a kind of feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight.
Background technology
Wood chip, pulverizing back stalk, pipe tobacco, stem are common materials, the blockage phenomenon in feed bin easily because its light weight, normality are puffy, not only labour intensity is big, cost of labor is high when adopting when manually feed in raw material production, and also serious harm staff's health of the airborne dust that is produced in the material production process and objectionable constituent.At present this type of material material loading is adopted the auger type material loading more, rely on the torsion of auger to finish mass transport, but because auger can only act on the material that is piled up in auger material inlet place, often cause the feed bin bottom cavitation thus, the canopy sky appears in top.At this moment need artificial vibration to make the material slump, so production process still be unable to do without artificial the intervention.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft materials of light weight such as wood chip, powder of straw, pipe tobacco, stem.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight, comprise the tube that contracts that feed bin and the taper that is positioned at the feed bin bottom are closed up, the described tube below of contracting is connected with the discharging opening that is the back taper enlarging, discharging opening is a contraction mouth with a junction of contracting, be provided with the thumb wheel discharger below contraction mouth, the circumferencial direction of thumb wheel discharger is provided with the thumb wheel tooth; Be provided with vibrating plate in feed bin, the vibrating plate upper end is connected on the feed bin, and the vibrating plate lower end is unsettled and crossing with the rotary motion trace of thumb wheel tooth.
The radius of turn of thumb wheel tooth overlap with the lower end of vibrating plate length greater than the radius of turn of thumb wheel tooth 1/3 but less than 1.
The bearing of trend of described vibrating plate lower end is perpendicular to the center shaft of thumb wheel loader.
The material of described vibrating plate is a toughness material.
Described toughness material is a spring steel.
Described thumb wheel discharger is driven by buncher.
The circumference at the awl line of described discharging opening and thumb wheel tooth place is tangent.
The utility model partly is made up of feed bin, vibrating plate, thumb wheel loader, buncher etc.Buncher drives the thumb wheel loader and rotates, by adjusting motor speed control material loading amount; The thumb wheel loader goes out feed bin with material web, also force vibrating plate to deform simultaneously, when thumb wheel loader tooth and vibrating plate disengaging, vibrating plate is resilience and back and forth concussion under the effect of elastic restoring force, the degree that is squeezed of material changes the vibration that is given a shock sheet simultaneously, material falls voluntarily, has solved the blockage problem that wood chip, pulverizing back stalk, pipe tobacco, the soft material material loading of this class light weight of stem process occur.Thumb wheel tooth increment can prevent that at the distance≤1cm of contraction mouth place and contraction mouth material from leakage from causing metering inaccurate.
The utility model is simple in structure, and cost is low, realizes the continuous feed of material, reduces the manual work amount, has realized the automation mechanized operation of the material loading course of processing, has improved production efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of thumb wheel tooth when beginning to touch vibrating plate;
Fig. 3 is the scheme drawing after the thumb wheel tooth breaks away from vibrating plate.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises feed bin 1, contract tube 2 and discharging opening 3, and the tube 2 that contracts is back taper, and discharging opening 3 is taper.Contracting between tube 2 and the discharging opening 3 is contraction mouth 4, crown center at feed bin 1 is connected with a vibrating plate 5, vibrating plate 5 is the vibrations steel disc, the lower end of vibrating plate 5 is unsettled and extend through contraction mouth 4, below contraction mouth 4, be provided with a thumb wheel discharger 6, thumb wheel discharger 6 has several (present embodiment is 4) thumb wheel teeth 7, and thumb wheel tooth 7 is around the tween drive shaft rectangular distribution of thumb wheel discharger 6.As shown in Figure 2, the radius of turn of thumb wheel tooth 7 overlaps length above 1/3 of radius of turn with the lower end of vibrating plate 5.Thumb wheel tooth 7 is an arc.
The spacing of adjacent thumb wheel tooth 7 is to be advisable greater than 2 times of the peak swing of vibrating plate 5.Can avoid vibrating plate 5 in the process of vibrations, to be stirred like this, reduce the effect of vibrations by back one thumb wheel tooth 7.
During use: thumb wheel loader 6 is driven by buncher, rotation under buncher drives, the material between two thumb wheel teeth 7 will be with 7 motions of thumb wheel tooth, as shown in Figure 2, when its when a thumb wheel tooth 7 arrives upright positions, thumb wheel tooth 7 ends will with vibrating plate 5 terminal contacts.Continuation rotation along with thumb wheel tooth 7, thumb wheel tooth 7 will promote vibrating plate 5 and move to the left vibrating plate 5 is deformed, thumb wheel tooth 7 will progressively move down with the contact position of vibrating plate 5 this moment, only when thumb wheel tooth 7 and contact site, vibrating plate 5 lower end reach capacity the position, A position as shown in Figure 3, vibrating plate 5 will be broken away from the effect of thumb wheel tooth 7 and rebound to returning under resilient force at this moment, reach the B position shown in the dotted line of Fig. 3 rightmost side, and generation slightly comes and goes vibration within the specific limits, material falls around stirring thus, and 7 materials that carry of two thumb wheel teeth this moment are taken out of feed bin 1.
Thumb wheel discharger 6 is driven by buncher in the utility model, can be by adjusting motor speed control material loading amount, thumb wheel tooth 7 through Wear-resistant Treatment to reduce component wear.Vibrating plate 5 adopts spring steel processing to increase its elasticity recovery, and itself and thumb wheel tooth 7 contact jaws are also made Wear-resistant Treatment, and vibrating plate 5 is positioned at directly over thumb wheel discharger 6 center shafts, and vibrating plate 5 overlaps length with thumb wheel tooth 7 and is not less than 1/3 of moving tooth radius.
Feed bin 1 bottom is that taper is closed up in the utility model, and discharging opening 3 is the back taper enlarging, and upper conical and inferior pyramidal junction forms contraction mouth 4, and thumb wheel tooth 7 increments can prevent that at the distance h≤1cm of contraction mouth place and contraction mouth 4 material from leakage from causing metering inaccurate.The circumference at the awl line of discharging opening 3 and thumb wheel tooth 7 places is tangent.
Certain angle rather than vertically be provided with as required also can tilt when in addition, vibrating plate 5 is provided with.
The utility model is suitable for the soft materials of light weight such as material water ratio can not surpass 20% wood chip, the stalk after pulverizing, pipe tobacco, stem, and too high-moisture percentage then easily causes material to become bulk to fall under vibrating plate 5 effects.
Related example:
1, handles sawdust
The wooden unit that the artificial removal is mingled with behind the sawdust natural air drying, batten manually carry out feed supplement to feed bin, and the sawdust moisture is 10%, and length is 2-10mm, and the thumb wheel discharging speed is 10kg/min, turn round continuously not have in 5 hours to stop up and the empty phenomenon of canopy.
2, handle pulverizing back stalk
Use comminutor to pulverize behind the maize straw natural air drying, grinding particle size is 1-5cm, and moisture is 12%, and the thumb wheel discharging speed is 10kg/min, uses as compound stalk forming machine feeding system, moves continuously not have and stops up, and material loading is uniform and stable.

Claims (8)

1. anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight, comprise the tube that contracts that feed bin and the taper that is positioned at the feed bin bottom are closed up, it is characterized in that: the described tube below of contracting is connected with the discharging opening that is the back taper enlarging, discharging opening is a contraction mouth with a junction of contracting, be provided with the thumb wheel discharger below contraction mouth, the circumferencial direction of thumb wheel discharger is provided with the thumb wheel tooth; Be provided with vibrating plate in feed bin, the vibrating plate upper end is connected on the feed bin, and the vibrating plate lower end is unsettled and crossing with the rotary motion trace of thumb wheel tooth.
2. the anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the radius of turn of thumb wheel tooth overlap with the lower end of vibrating plate length greater than the radius of turn of thumb wheel tooth 1/3 but less than 1.
3. the anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the bearing of trend of described vibrating plate lower end is perpendicular to the center shaft of thumb wheel loader.
4. the anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the material of described vibrating plate is a toughness material.
5. the anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described toughness material is a spring steel.
6. the anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described thumb wheel discharger is driven by buncher.
7. the anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described thumb wheel discharger is driven by buncher.
8. the anti-blocking feeding bin that is used for the soft material of light weight according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the circumference at the awl line of described discharging opening and thumb wheel tooth place is tangent.
CN2010201971626U 2010-05-20 2010-05-20 Anti-blocking loading bin used for lightweight soft material CN201712984U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201971626U CN201712984U (en) 2010-05-20 2010-05-20 Anti-blocking loading bin used for lightweight soft material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201971626U CN201712984U (en) 2010-05-20 2010-05-20 Anti-blocking loading bin used for lightweight soft material

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201712984U true CN201712984U (en) 2011-01-19

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CN2010201971626U CN201712984U (en) 2010-05-20 2010-05-20 Anti-blocking loading bin used for lightweight soft material

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103364062A (en) * 2012-04-05 2013-10-23 软控股份有限公司 Power scale bucket and manufacturing method thereof
CN104865886A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-26 江苏大学 Straw briquetting automatic feeding buffer apparatus
CN105433797A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-03-30 邢永安 Soybean milk making machine
CN105728486A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-06 江苏东方宝泰科技有限公司 Extrusion device for production of aluminum composite board
CN106219084A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 洁华控股股份有限公司 One launches the lower material conveying device of concussion
CN106742827A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-05-31 平泉奥科新能源技术有限公司 A kind of crushed biomass accumulating storehouse

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103364062A (en) * 2012-04-05 2013-10-23 软控股份有限公司 Power scale bucket and manufacturing method thereof
CN104865886A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-26 江苏大学 Straw briquetting automatic feeding buffer apparatus
CN105433797A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-03-30 邢永安 Soybean milk making machine
CN105728486A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-06 江苏东方宝泰科技有限公司 Extrusion device for production of aluminum composite board
CN105728486B (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-12-15 江苏东方宝泰科技有限公司 A kind of pressurizing unit for producing aluminum composite plate
CN106219084A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 洁华控股股份有限公司 One launches the lower material conveying device of concussion
CN106742827A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-05-31 平泉奥科新能源技术有限公司 A kind of crushed biomass accumulating storehouse

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110119

Termination date: 20110520

C17 Cessation of patent right