CN201685777U - Automobile anti-collision & energy-absorbing safety protection device - Google Patents

Automobile anti-collision & energy-absorbing safety protection device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201685777U
CN201685777U CN2010202523612U CN201020252361U CN201685777U CN 201685777 U CN201685777 U CN 201685777U CN 2010202523612 U CN2010202523612 U CN 2010202523612U CN 201020252361 U CN201020252361 U CN 201020252361U CN 201685777 U CN201685777 U CN 201685777U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
base plate
axle sleeve
protection device
safety protection
automobile
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2010202523612U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王涛
郑时
徐光兵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shiyan Rongfeng Automobile Special Purpose Component Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
HUBEI CENTURY ZHONGYUAN VEHICLES CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HUBEI CENTURY ZHONGYUAN VEHICLES CO Ltd filed Critical HUBEI CENTURY ZHONGYUAN VEHICLES CO Ltd
Priority to CN2010202523612U priority Critical patent/CN201685777U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201685777U publication Critical patent/CN201685777U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

Provided is an automobile anti-collision & energy-absorbing safety protection device, comprising a base plate, an energy-absorbing buffer unit which is fixedly connected to the base plate. The utility model is characterized in that the energy-absorbing buffer unit includes a compound buffer gear; the compound buffer gear which includes a metal connecting plate is connected to the base plate through a spring shaft sleeve mechanism; a non-metallic buffer block of elastic material which is integratedly connected with the metal connecting plate into one piece is disposed at one side of the metal connecting plate; the other side of the metal connecting plate is connected to the base plate through the spring shaft sleeve mechanism. The non-metallic elastic material refers to one of the following: rubber, silicone rubber, polyurethane elastomer, foam polyurethane, and foam polystyrene. As the non-metallic buffer block of elastic material and the spring shaft sleeve mechanism are capable of absorbing a large amount of bumping energy, the utility model is advantageous in that the impact force and acceleration caused by collision can be furthest reduced and the damage to passengers and to vehicle structures can be decreased, and the safety of vehicles can be greatly improved.

Description

Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of automobile safety protector, particularly a kind of anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile.
Background technology
Automobile in travelling is because traffic accident and other vehicle or obstacle when bumping, to produce huge impact power to automobile, impulsive force can produce serious injury to the occupant in the car, even jeopardize occupant's life, impulsive force can produce serious destruction to the structure of automobile simultaneously, can make rejection of car when serious.In order when automobile bumps, to reduce injury to the occupant; alleviate the suffered destruction of vehicle structure; increasing automobile is provided with anti-collision protection device; but the common structure of this class automobile anti-collision protective device is too simple; protective effect is too single; therefore when automobile bumps; being not enough to provides enough protections to the structure of occupant and automobile; huge impact power still can cause tangible injury to occupant's health; even the life security that jeopardizes the occupant; the structure of automobile also can be subjected to serious destruction, even scraps.
The utility model content
For the automobile anti-collision protective device structure that overcomes present use too simple; protective effect is too single; the problem of enough protections can't be provided occupant and automobile, the utility model proposes a kind of anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile, the technical scheme that is adopted is:
Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile, comprise base plate and the energy-absorbing buffering device of captiveing joint with base plate, the energy-absorbing buffering device comprises the complex buffer gear, the complex buffer gear is connected in base plate by spring axle sleeve mechanism, the complex buffer gear comprises metallic interconnect, the one side of metallic interconnect has with metallic interconnect is compound and is the non-metallic elastic material bump rubber of one, and another side is connected in base plate by spring axle sleeve mechanism; Described non-metallic elastic material is meant in the following material a kind of: rubber, silaatic, polyurethane elastomer, polyurathamc, polystyrene foamed.
Base plate is captiveed joint with the lateral surface of automobile front cross rail, and the shape and size of base plate and the shape and size of front cross rail adapt; Spring axle sleeve mechanism is provided with a plurality of along the length direction of base plate, spring axle sleeve mechanism comprises axle, is set in the compression spring that is provided with between axle sleeve on the axle and bore sleeve bottom and the axial end in axle sleeve, the shape and size of bore sleeve adapt with the shape and size of axle, the inner chamber of axle sleeve adapts with axle sliding block joint, the shape and size of the shape and size of compression spring and axle sleeve and axle; The non-metallic elastic material bump rubber is positioned at the inboard of automobile front beam.
Non-metallic elastic material is meant in the following material the compound of one or more: rubber, silaatic, polyurethane elastomer, polyurathamc, polystyrene foamed.
Non-metallic elastic material is meant rubber or polyurethane or poly-urethane rubber, and with rubber or polyurethane or poly-urethane rubber with metallic interconnect vulcanize to.
A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism evenly is provided with along the length direction of base plate.
A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism is symmetrical arranged along the midway location of floor length direction.
A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism is provided with a row or multi-row along the Width of base plate.
Base plate and vehicle frame adopt bolted connection.
Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile of the present utility model, the technique effect that adopts technique scheme to obtain is:
Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile; comprise base plate and the energy-absorbing buffering device of captiveing joint with base plate; the energy-absorbing buffering device comprises the complex buffer gear; the complex buffer gear is connected in base plate by spring axle sleeve mechanism; the complex buffer gear comprises metallic interconnect; the one side of metallic interconnect has with metallic interconnect is compound and is the non-metallic elastic material bump rubber of one; another side is connected in base plate by spring axle sleeve mechanism; when automobile bumps; at first be subjected to the impact of transmitting with the immediate non-metallic elastic material bump rubber of front bumper by front bumper; the non-metallic elastic material bump rubber is in being extruded the process of distortion; absorbed a large amount of collision energies; prolonged the time of tampering action; the energy distribution that collision is produced discharged in the long time; reduce impulsive force and acceleration/accel that collision produces greatly, alleviated suffered injury and the suffered destruction of vehicle structure of occupant.
Base plate is captiveed joint with the lateral surface of automobile front cross rail, and the shape and size of base plate and the shape and size of front cross rail adapt; Spring axle sleeve mechanism is provided with a plurality of along the length direction of base plate, spring axle sleeve mechanism comprises axle, is set in the compression spring that is provided with between axle sleeve on the axle and bore sleeve bottom and the axial end in axle sleeve, the shape and size of bore sleeve adapt with the shape and size of axle, the inner chamber of axle sleeve adapts with axle sliding block joint, the shape and size of the shape and size of compression spring and axle sleeve and axle; Absorbed the energy of a considerable amount of collisions generations at the non-metallic elastic material bump rubber after, dump energy passes to spring axle sleeve mechanism by metallic interconnect, under the extruding of axle and base plate, compression spring is compressed, absorbed a large amount of collision energies simultaneously, further prolonged the time of tampering action, the energy distribution that collision is produced discharged in the longer time, reduce impulsive force and acceleration/accel that collision produces to greatest extent, alleviated suffered injury and the suffered destruction of vehicle structure of occupant.The non-metallic elastic material bump rubber is positioned at the inboard of automobile front beam; can make anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile of the present utility model be hidden in the inside of automobile case fully; do not influence the attractive in appearance and profile of automobile, can not influence of the check of transport administration mechanism yet automobile.
Non-metallic elastic material is a rubber, silaatic, polyurethane elastomer, polyurathamc, in the polystyrene foamed one or more compound, can make full use of the elasticity of the excellence that these materials have, absorb the energy that a large amount of collisions produces, reduce to collide the impulsive force and the acceleration/accel of generation, the intensity of these materials is not really high simultaneously, when sharp impacts, can produce damaged and the expendable permanent deformation of part, thereby consume the energy that a large amount of collisions produce, further reduce to collide the impulsive force and the acceleration/accel of generation, alleviate suffered injury of occupant and the suffered destruction of vehicle structure effectively.
Non-metallic elastic material is meant rubber or polyurethane or poly-urethane rubber, and with rubber or polyurethane or poly-urethane rubber with metallic interconnect vulcanize to, can make full use of the energy-absorbing buffering performance of the excellence of rubber or polyurethane or poly-urethane rubber.
With rubber or polyurethane or poly-urethane rubber with metallic interconnect vulcanize to, rubber or polyurethane or poly-urethane rubber and metallic interconnect can be fixedly connected on one, simplify the manufacturing process of complex buffer gear.
A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism evenly is provided with along the length direction of base plate, can be used as to make collision energy be delivered to the design plan of base plate equably.
A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism is symmetrical arranged along the midway location of floor length direction; base plate is had along the ability of bearing collision of the midway location symmetry of floor length direction; and can have symmetrical bear the collision ability in, design the protection scheme of multiple different anticollision.
A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism is provided with a row or multi-row along the Width of base plate, the width design of bearing the collision energy zone for base plate provides multiple choices.
Base plate and vehicle frame adopt bolted connection, can make things convenient for the Assembly ﹠Disassembly of anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile, automobile bump cause the anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile damage after, the anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile of being convenient to more renew.
Adopt anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile of the present utility model; when automobile bumps; can produce the anti-collision energy absorption safety protection effect of multi-efficiency, alleviate suffered injury of occupant and the suffered destruction of vehicle structure to greatest extent, increase substantially the safety of automobile.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile of the present utility model.
Sign implication in the accompanying drawing is as follows:
The 1-front cross rail, 2-longeron, 3-front bumper, 4-base plate, 5-spring axle sleeve mechanism, 51-axle, 52-axle sleeve, 53-compression spring, 6-complex buffer gear, 61-metallic interconnect, 62-non-metallic elastic material bump rubber.
The specific embodiment
Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile; structure as shown in Figure 1; comprise base plate 4 and the energy-absorbing buffering device of captiveing joint with base plate 4; the energy-absorbing buffering device comprises complex buffer gear 6; complex buffer gear 6 is connected in base plate 4 by spring axle sleeve mechanism 5; complex buffer gear 6 comprises metallic interconnect 61, and the one side of metallic interconnect 61 has with metallic interconnect 61 is compound and is the non-metallic elastic material bump rubber 62 of one, and another side is connected in base plate 4 by spring axle sleeve mechanism 5.
Base plate 4 is captiveed joint with the lateral surface of automobile front cross rail 1, and the shape and size of the shape and size of base plate 4 and front cross rail 1 adapt; Spring axle sleeve mechanism 5 is provided with a plurality of along the length direction of base plate 4, spring axle sleeve mechanism 5 comprises axle 51, is set in the compression spring 53 that is provided with between axle sleeve 52 on the axle and bore sleeve bottom and the axial end in axle sleeve, the shape and size of axle sleeve 52 inner chambers adapt with the shape and size of axle 51, the inner chamber of axle sleeve 52 adapts with axle 51 sliding block joints, the shape and size of the shape and size of compression spring 53 and axle sleeve 52 and axle 51; Non-metallic elastic material bump rubber 62 is positioned at the inboard of automobile front beam 3.
Non-metallic elastic material is meant in the following material the compound of one or more: rubber, silaatic, polyurethane elastomer, polyurathamc, polystyrene foamed.
Non-metallic elastic material is meant rubber or polyurethane or poly-urethane rubber, and with rubber or polyurethane or poly-urethane rubber with metallic interconnect 61 vulcanize to.
A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism 5 can evenly be provided with along the length direction of base plate 4.
A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism 5 can be symmetrical arranged along the midway location of base plate 4 length directions.
A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism 5 can be provided with a row or multi-row along the Width of base plate 4.A plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism 5 divides situation that two rows are provided with as shown in Figure 1 along the Width of base plate 4.
Base plate 4 recommends to adopt bolted connection with automobile chassis frame.
Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile also can be arranged on the inboard of automobile rear bumper, or other position that needs protection of automobile.
Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile of the present utility model is not subjected to the restriction of above-mentioned embodiment, and every principle of the present utility model and mode utilized is through conversion and the formed technical scheme of replacement, all in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile, comprise base plate and the energy-absorbing buffering device of captiveing joint with base plate, it is characterized in that: described energy-absorbing buffering device comprises the complex buffer gear, described complex buffer gear is connected in base plate by spring axle sleeve mechanism, described complex buffer gear comprises metallic interconnect, the one side of described metallic interconnect has with described metallic interconnect is compound and is the non-metallic elastic material bump rubber of one, and another side is connected in described base plate by spring axle sleeve mechanism; Described non-metallic elastic material is meant in the following material a kind of: rubber, silaatic, polyurethane elastomer, polyurathamc, polystyrene foamed.
2. anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described base plate is captiveed joint with the lateral surface of automobile front cross rail, and the shape and size of described base plate and the shape and size of described front cross rail adapt; Described spring axle sleeve mechanism is provided with a plurality of along the length direction of base plate, described spring axle sleeve mechanism comprises axle, be set in the compression spring that is provided with between axle sleeve on the axle and bore sleeve bottom and the axial end in axle sleeve, the shape and size of described bore sleeve adapt with the shape and size of axle, the inner chamber of described axle sleeve and described axle sliding block joint, the shape and size of the shape and size of described compression spring and described axle sleeve and axle adapt; Described non-metallic elastic material bump rubber is positioned at the inboard of automobile front beam.
3. anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile according to claim 1 is characterized in that: with described rubber or described polyurethane or described poly-urethane rubber with described metallic interconnect vulcanize to.
4. anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described a plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism evenly is provided with along the length direction of described base plate.
5. anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described a plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism is symmetrical arranged along the midway location of described floor length direction.
6. anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described a plurality of spring axle sleeve mechanism is provided with a row or multi-row along the Width of described base plate.
7. anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described base plate and vehicle frame adopt bolted connection.
CN2010202523612U 2010-07-09 2010-07-09 Automobile anti-collision & energy-absorbing safety protection device Expired - Lifetime CN201685777U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202523612U CN201685777U (en) 2010-07-09 2010-07-09 Automobile anti-collision & energy-absorbing safety protection device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202523612U CN201685777U (en) 2010-07-09 2010-07-09 Automobile anti-collision & energy-absorbing safety protection device

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CN201685777U true CN201685777U (en) 2010-12-29

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101879884A (en) * 2010-07-09 2010-11-10 湖北世纪中远车辆有限公司 Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile
CN102897122A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-01-30 上海第二工业大学 Automobile bumper with elastic deformation and plastic deformation
CN105922957A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-07 天津中盛实业有限公司 Bidirectional-protection automobile front bumper
CN106828374A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-06-13 柳州市金岭汽车配件厂 Bumper
CN107444325A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-12-08 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 A kind of elastic bumper energy absorbent block for automobile
CN108839626A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-20 重庆工业职业技术学院 A kind of idler wheel energy management bumper
CN108973908A (en) * 2018-06-17 2018-12-11 林传琦 A kind of automobile front beam with sunk type pooling feature

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101879884A (en) * 2010-07-09 2010-11-10 湖北世纪中远车辆有限公司 Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile
CN101879884B (en) * 2010-07-09 2014-04-16 十堰融丰汽车专用件有限公司 Anti-collision energy absorption safety protection device for automobile
CN102897122A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-01-30 上海第二工业大学 Automobile bumper with elastic deformation and plastic deformation
CN102897122B (en) * 2012-11-12 2015-05-13 上海第二工业大学 Automobile bumper with elastic deformation and plastic deformation
CN105922957A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-07 天津中盛实业有限公司 Bidirectional-protection automobile front bumper
CN105922957B (en) * 2016-06-17 2019-04-26 天津中盛实业有限公司 A kind of automobile front beam of two-way prevention
CN106828374A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-06-13 柳州市金岭汽车配件厂 Bumper
CN107444325A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-12-08 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 A kind of elastic bumper energy absorbent block for automobile
CN108839626A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-20 重庆工业职业技术学院 A kind of idler wheel energy management bumper
CN108973908A (en) * 2018-06-17 2018-12-11 林传琦 A kind of automobile front beam with sunk type pooling feature
CN108973908B (en) * 2018-06-17 2020-04-07 廊坊翔宇塑料制品有限公司 Automobile front bumper with sinking type buffering function

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: SHIYAN RONGFENG AUTOMOBILE SPECIAL PURPOSE COMPONE

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: HUBEI CENTURY ZHONGYUAN VEHICLE CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20130930

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20130930

Address after: 442013 Shiyan city of Hubei province whitecaps Tian Lake Road

Patentee after: Shiyan Rongfeng Automobile Special Purpose Component Co., Ltd.

Address before: 442013 Hubei province Shiyan whitecaps Development Zone Tian Hu Rong Feng Industrial Park Road No. 8

Patentee before: Hubei Century Zhongyuan Vehicles Co., Ltd.

CX01 Expiry of patent term
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20101229