CN201650578U - Float power generation device by utilizing tide level difference - Google Patents

Float power generation device by utilizing tide level difference Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201650578U
CN201650578U CN2010201687780U CN201020168778U CN201650578U CN 201650578 U CN201650578 U CN 201650578U CN 2010201687780 U CN2010201687780 U CN 2010201687780U CN 201020168778 U CN201020168778 U CN 201020168778U CN 201650578 U CN201650578 U CN 201650578U
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water
valve
floating drum
charging tank
pressure
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010201687780U
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Chinese (zh)
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陈际军
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a float power generation device by utilizing tide level difference. A large-scale float is circular or square, and a circular hole is formed in the center of the large-scale float; a stake penetrates through the circular hole and extends in the seabed mud layer along the coast with great tide level difference; a reciprocating pumping water device is driven by a connecting rod and a rocking arm through the lifting process of the float when the tide level changes; a spray pipe of a hydroelectric generator ashore is communicated through a pipeline to push the power generator to generate power; and the water outflowing of the pumping water device is noncontinuous due to the inconsistency of the tide level difference in the change process and the phenomenon of slack tide during the turn of the tide, so that the power generation quality is unstable and the power generation is suspended. The float power generation device is provided with a compensation mechanism including a pressure cabinet, a water reservoir, a water tank and a control air pipe at the upper part of the float, and a pneumatic control valve group, the energy storage and energy release of water flow doing work through an engine are performed in the pressure cabinet, the water reservoir and the water tank, and the noncontinuous pumping water of the pumping water device is compensated through the adjustment of the air passage and the pneumatic control valve, so as to actually achieve the purpose of power generation by utilizing tide level difference.

Description

A kind of tidal range buoy power generating device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of electricity generating device, specifically a kind of utilize tidewater to rise device that at ebb tide water-head generates electricity.
Background technique
Nowadays, also increasing along with expanding economy to the demand of the energy, but the non-renewable energy resources that the earth is being contained and limited according to present yield, will soon exploit, therefore develop the outlet that reproducible green energy resource is only we mankind.The tidal level difference is being contained huge energy, in China's Coastal Areas, especially coastal in Zhejiang, maximum tidal level difference is about 10 meters, water level just has four lifting process in one day 24 hours, in the process that this water level rises and descends, will produce huge energy, how utilizing these energy is that we mankind serve, is that the mankind expect.
The model utility content
For the problem of utilizing the tidal level difference to generate electricity, the utility model provides a kind of tidal range buoy power generating device, this device utilizes tidal change, move up and down and drive pumping water device in the rise buoyancy when moving back and floating drum carried at ebb tide weight of tidewater by floating drum, utilize the high pressure water bundle of pumping water device output to promote the hydroelectric generator generating.
The utility model solves the technical measures that its technical problem takes, lighthouse buoy is made circular or square, a circular hole that is a bit larger tham pile is opened at the floating drum center, pile passes from the circular hole of floating drum to be squeezed in big seabed, the waters mud layer of coastal tidal level drop, and floating drum is along with the rising and the decline of water level can slide up and down along pile.The top of floating drum surrounds the water tank of opening with coaming plate, establishes the spilled water hole by air pressure valve control on the coaming plate of water tank.The connecting rod that connects two pairs of symmetry installations at least in the bottom of floating drum, connecting rod flexibly connects on the shaft of rocking arm; of rocking arm is fixed on the pile with movable joint; the other end connects on the pivot at cylinder body middle part of reciprocating type pumping water device; separates with dividing plate in the middle of the inner chamber of cylinder block, inner chamber of cylinder block is divided into water cavity up and down.On near the cylinder body the intermediate clapboard, drive the mouth of a river into, water intake is established the one-way valve of water inlet inwards, installing lower plunger in the water cavity up and down, the bottom plunger is installed on the fixing column of squeezing in the mud layer of seabed, the top plunger is fixed with carriage and bottom plunger, last lower plunger stretches into a water outlet that the installation one-way valve is set in the cylinder, outlet spout connects the outlet pipe of plunger back-end by the plunger internal pipeline, the two outlet on top and bottom pipe merges the back and connects charging tank, charging tank top suction valve control tracheae, charge into nitrogen and pressurized air during use, utilize the pressure of gas, hydraulic pressure in the cabinet is remained in the scope of setting, charging tank compiles the outlet pipe of all water pumps under the floating drum, it is big more to hold capacity, the middle water yield of pushing generator is big more, pressure fixing valve is established in the charging tank bottom, pressure fixing valve connects output tube, output tube is received on the shower of water utilities power generator on the bank, yet tidewater has big flood tide and little flood tide, the big flood tide height of water is big, and the neap flood height of water is little, and the ebb of at every turn rising has the change of tide phase of flood slack and low slack tide, SEA LEVEL VARIATION will faster or slower like this, SEA LEVEL VARIATION during the height slack tide, therefore the buoy lifting process will faster or slower, even stop to change, directly influence the quality of generating, even suspend and generate electricity, in order to address the above problem, the utility model is provided with a cover is connected charging tank by wet pit control tracheae, air pressure valve, the compensation mechanism that output tube and water tank are formed, this compensation mechanism is that the water outlet after the generating work done is not in line to marine, and receive in the wet pit, wet pit is located on the bank, be lower than the power station, be higher than the water tank on the floating drum, floating plug is set in the wet pit, the surface of contact of floating plug and pool wall is provided with Stamping Steel Ribbon, the bottom mounting spring of floating plug, spring can promote floating plug and moves upward when the water yield in the wet pit reduces, floating plug is divided into airtight air chamber with the bottom of wet pit, air chamber connects air duct, air duct passes through duplex one-way valve cut-in pressure portion cashier's office in a shop, and charging tank top is provided with safety valve, when the cabinet internal pressure surpasses rated pressure, amplify gas by safety valve and reduce pressure, to guarantee safety.Wet pit is established pneumatic control valve with the water tank on pipeline connection floating drum top in pipeline, the control tracheae cut-in pressure of this valve is portion cashier's office in a shop, and the air pressure on charging tank top is big more, and the aperture that promotes valve is more little, and the aperture of the low more valve of air pressure is big more.When the rising tide water level rises, floating drum rises thereupon, in uphill process by connecting rod pulling rocking arm; rocking arm drives cylinder body and moves upward; the plunger on cylinder body top is maintained fixed motionless; after the water pressurization in the cylinder body upper cavity through the one-way valve of upper post plug from the water pipe pump to charging tank; the water yield of compiling in the charging tank constantly increases; pressure rises gradually; when rising to rated pressure; drive on the bank hydroelectric installation running generating by pressure fixing valve through output tube and shower; charge in the wet pit through the current after the generator work done, with the continuous increase of rate of water added, floating plug overcomes spring force and moves downward; the air in the air chamber of floating plug bottom is compressed; after the force value of pressure greater than charging tank of air, overcome the backpressure of the two-way linkage valve in the output pipe, and to the inflation of the top of charging tank; with the pressure of boost pressure cabinet, the air pressure of the cabinet that keep-ups pressure is in the scope of setting.If tidal level rises very fast at work, floating drum rises and also accelerates, thereby the frequency of okperation that drives pumping water device is also accelerated, the water yield that pumps increases, cause the charging tank pressure inside to increase, because leading to the output mouth of pipe is under the control of pressure fixing valve, the pressure and the flow that lead to the water of electricity generating device are to be in constant state substantially, the charging tank pressure inside can constantly rise, when pressure during greater than the pressure of wet pit floating plug bottom, the high-pressure air on charging tank top can overcome the backpressure of two-way linkage valve oppositely to be inflated to wet pit floating plug lower space, and the promotion floating plug has uptrend.When the charging tank internal pressure rises, the pressure that charging tank leads to pneumatic control valve rises thereupon, and the air pressure valve on the conduit pipe is opened greatly between promotion wet pit and the floating drum water tank, increase the water displacement of wet pit to the floating drum water tank, like this, the water yield of wet pit reduces the floating plug rising on the one hand, air pressure in the charging tank is reduced, and on the other hand on the floating drum coaming plate pressure controlled valve of spilled water hole connect the pressure air on charging tank top by the control tracheae, when pressure rose, pressure air promoted valve and turns down or close, and the water tank water retention capacity on the floating drum is increased, along with the weight of the increase floating drum of water volume in water tank increases, the speed that floating drum rises in water is slowed down, thereby the pump working frequency is reduced, and the water yield that pumps reduces, pressure in the charging tank reduces thereupon, makes pressure stability in the charging tank in the pressure range of setting.When tidal level will rise to flood slack, the water level rate of climb is slowed down even is stopped to rise, the floating drum rate of climb is slowed down, the water-outlet quantity of water pump descends, cause the pressure in the charging tank to descend, at this moment the air pressure of pond floating plug bottom is greater than the pressure in the charging tank, overcome the backpressure of two-way linkage valve, in charging tank, inflate, charging tank is remained in the specified pressure range, and charging tank is connected the air pressure decline of the pressure controlled valve of wet pit, conduit pipe pneumatic control valve door turns down gradually, and the water yield that wet pit leads to floating drum reduces, and the wet pit water yield increases, it is downward to oppress floating plug, makes it to improve the pressure in the charging tank.On the other hand, pressure controlled valve on the floating drum coaming plate is along with the air pressure of charging tank descends, open Da Chi water hole valve, water in the water tank is arranged to marine, alleviate the deadweight of floating drum, improve floating drum ascent rate in water, increase the pump water yield thereby drive pumping water device, to improve water capacity and the pressure in the charging tank, make in its pressure range that remains on setting.
When at ebb tide, drawdown, floating drum is along with downslide, floating drum passes through connecting rod with the weight of self; rocking arm drives the cylinder body of pumping water device to lower slider; the cylinder body upper water cavity enlarges pressure and contracts low; the one-way valve opens of connecting the sea water is intake in cylinder; the inferior part of the cylinder block water cavity is compressed; the water in the cylinder extrudes from lower post one-way valve beyond the Great Wall; through the water pipe pump to charging tank; promote on the bank electricity generating device generating by pressure fixing valve through output tube and jet pipe after the supercharging gradually in the charging tank, and when drawdown is slowed down or stop, just utilizing the current after the work done to realize the make-up pump water function by compensation mechanism.Taste mechanism owing to be provided with the benefit of pump water in the above-mentioned electricity generating device, slack tide phenomenon when overcoming tidal level and changing inconsistent and change of tide causes the deficiency of the unstable and time-out pump water of pump water function, improve the quality of tidal level difference generating and overcome the of short duration electrical phenomena of stopping paying out, thus the purpose that realization utilizes the tidal level difference to generate electricity better.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, utilize the tidal level difference to obtain electric energy, stop paying out electrical phenomena when having overcome the unstable and change of tide of tidal level difference power generating quality, and that the tidal level difference is generated electricity is more practical, simple in structure.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Accompanying drawing is a kind of structural representation of tidal range buoy power generating device.
Among the figure, 1, floating drum, 2, pile, 3, coaming plate, 4, water tank, 5, water hole, pond, 6, circular hole, 7, connecting rod, 8, rocking arm, 9, cylinder body, 10, upper plug, 11, fixing stake, 12, carriage, 13, inlet valve, 14, outlet pipe, 15, lower plunger, 16, charging tank, 17, suction valve, 18, pressure fixing valve, 19, output tube, 20, power station, 21, wet pit, 22, floating plug, 23, air duct, 24, the two-way linkage valve, 25, conduit pipe, 26, pneumatic control valve, 27, the control tracheae, 28, pneumatic control valve.
Embodiment
In the drawings; Lighthouse buoy 1 is made circular or square; Circular hole 6 is opened in the centre; Pile 2 passes from circular hole to be squeezed in the mud layer of seabed; Surround the water tank 4 of opening above the floating drum with coaming plate 3; Establish the spilled water hole 5 of being controlled by pneumatic control valve 28 at coaming plate; Connect at least symmetrical two pairs of connecting rods 7 of installing in the bottom surface of floating drum; Connecting rod 7 is flexibly connected with rocking arm 8; One of rocking arm is fixed on the pile with active joint; Cylinder body 9 middle parts of other end and reciprocating type pumping water device pivotally connected; The inner chamber of cylinder block middle part is divided into up and down water cavity with dividing plate; Near the dividing plate of water cavity up and down casing wall is established water intaking valve 13; Water intaking valve is installed unidirectional check valve inwards; Be inserted in upper plug 10 in the upper water cavity; Be inserted in lower plunger 15 in the lower water cavity; Lower plunger is installed on the spud pile 11 of squeezing in the mud layer of seabed; The logical carriage 12 of upper plug is connected and fixed with lower plunger; Upper lower plunger is near a delivery port of establishing the installation check valve of dividing plate; Delivery port is by the pipeline connected water outlet pipe 14 in the plunger; Cut-in pressure cabinet 16 after the two outlet on top and bottom pipe merges; Charging tank compiles pumping water device outlet pipes all under the floating drum; Pressure valve 18 is set in the charging tank bottom; Constant pressure valve connects efferent duct 19; Efferent duct is connected to the jet pipe of the hydroelectric generator in the power station on the bank 20; Cistern 21 usefulness pipelines are connected the current after the generator work done; And the water capacity received wherein; Establish floating plug 22 in the cistern; The cistern bottom is divided into airtight air chamber; Floating plug is divided into spring; Airtight air chamber air hose 23 cut-in pressures section cashier's office in a shop; In air hose, establish two-way linkage valve 24; Cistern top is connected in the water tank on the floating drum with water-supply-pipe 25; In hydraulic pipeline, connect pneumatic control valve 26; Charging tank top picks out the control tracheae; Control tracheorrhaphy two tunnel; A kind of pneumatic control valve 26 that connects on the water-supply-pipe; The pneumatic control valve 28 of spilled water hole on the floating drum coaming plate is connected on another road; Be installed into air valve 17 on charging tank top, in order to be filled with nitrogen or compressed air to charging tank top.

Claims (3)

1. tidal range buoy power generating device, floating drum is made circular or square, circular hole is opened in the centre, pile passes from the circular hole of floating drum to be squeezed in the mud layer of seabed, it is characterized in that: the water tank that surrounds opening above the floating drum with coaming plate, on coaming plate, establish water hole, pond by air pressure valve control, connect the connecting rod of symmetry installation more than two pairs at least in the bottom surface of floating drum, connecting rod flexibly connects on the shaft of rocking arm; of rocking arm is fixed on the pile with movable joint; the other end connects on the pivot at reciprocating type pumping water device cylinder body middle part; inner chamber of cylinder block with dividing plate from spaced intermediate; inner chamber of cylinder block is divided into water cavity up and down; drive the mouth of a river near the cylinder body the intermediate clapboard; water intake is established the unidirectional one-way valve of water inlet inwards; install lower plunger in the water cavity up and down; the bottom plunger is installed on the fixing column of squeezing in the mud layer of seabed; the top plunger is connected and fixed with carriage and bottom plunger; go up lower plunger and stretch into a water outlet that one-way valve is installed in the cylinder; water outlet connects the outlet pipe of plunger back-end by the plunger internal pipeline; the two outlet on top and bottom pipe merges the back and connects charging tank; charging tank top taps into tracheae and controls tracheae; pressure fixing valve is established in the charging tank bottom; pressure fixing valve connects output tube, output tube is connected to the jet pipe of generator in the power station on the bank; Compensation mechanism is by wet pit, output tube and the control tracheae that is connected charging tank, water tank on air pressure valve and the floating drum is formed, the wet pit building on the coast, be lower than the power station, be higher than the water tank on the floating drum, wet pit is admitted current after the generator work done by pipeline, establish floating plug in the wet pit, the surface of contact of floating plug and pool wall is provided with Stamping Steel Ribbon, and floating plug is divided into spring, the retaining of floating plug top, the bottom is an air chamber, wet pit top is connected in the water tank on the floating drum with conduit pipe, establish pneumatic control valve in pipeline, the air chamber of wet pit bottom air duct cut-in pressure portion cashier's office in a shop establishes the two-way linkage valve in air duct, the top of charging tank picks out the control tracheae, control tracheorrhaphy two tunnel, a tunnel connects the pneumatic control valve on the conduit pipe, and the pneumatic control valve in floating drum coaming plate upper storage reservoir water hole is connected on another road.
2. a kind of tidal range buoy power generating device band according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the inlet valve on the described pumping water device cylinder body is made the one-way valve of water inlet inwards.
3. a kind of tidal range buoy power generating device band according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described charging tank compiles the outlet pipe of all pumping water devices under the floating drum, and safety valve is established on charging tank top.
CN2010201687780U 2010-03-26 2010-03-26 Float power generation device by utilizing tide level difference Expired - Fee Related CN201650578U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201687780U CN201650578U (en) 2010-03-26 2010-03-26 Float power generation device by utilizing tide level difference

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201687780U CN201650578U (en) 2010-03-26 2010-03-26 Float power generation device by utilizing tide level difference

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CN201650578U true CN201650578U (en) 2010-11-24

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101818720A (en) * 2010-03-26 2010-09-01 陈际军 Tidal range buoy power generating device
CN103615367A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-05 林鹏 Energy storage type miniature water head fluid energy pumping system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101818720A (en) * 2010-03-26 2010-09-01 陈际军 Tidal range buoy power generating device
CN101818720B (en) * 2010-03-26 2013-05-15 宁波市镇海西门专利技术开发有限公司 Tidal range buoy power generating device
CN103615367A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-05 林鹏 Energy storage type miniature water head fluid energy pumping system
CN103615367B (en) * 2013-12-06 2016-03-23 林鹏 A kind of energy storage declines head fluid energy pumping system

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101124

Termination date: 20110326