CN201559535U - Vehicle safety driving monitoring device - Google Patents

Vehicle safety driving monitoring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201559535U
CN201559535U CN2009202459454U CN200920245945U CN201559535U CN 201559535 U CN201559535 U CN 201559535U CN 2009202459454 U CN2009202459454 U CN 2009202459454U CN 200920245945 U CN200920245945 U CN 200920245945U CN 201559535 U CN201559535 U CN 201559535U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
processing unit
signal processing
information
vehicle
module
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009202459454U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
常红梅
王旭飞
淡涛
康芹
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陕西理工学院
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Priority to CN2009202459454U priority Critical patent/CN201559535U/en
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Publication of CN201559535U publication Critical patent/CN201559535U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a vehicle safety driving monitoring device, comprising a signal collecting unit, a signal processing unit and an vehicle alarming and controlling unit, wherein the signal collecting unit collects the information of alcohol concentration in the expired gas of a driver, the driver fatigue degree information and the information of the distance between the vehicle and the obstacle and outputs the collected information to the signal processing unit; the signal processing unit is connected with the signal collecting unit, receives and processing the collected information and outputs the alarming and controlling instruction to the vehicle alarming and controlling unit according to the processed information; and the vehicle alarming and controlling unit is connected with the signal processing unit, receives the alarming and controlling instruction emitted from the signal processing unit and controls the vehicle to alarm and control according to the alarming and controlling instruction. The utility model has the advantages of small volume, light weight, multiparameter measurement, noncontact type measurement, accurate judgement, effective and timely alarming, adjustable parameter, low production cost and convenient popularization and application.

Description

The vehicle security drive monitor

Technical field

The utility model belongs to the traffic safety technology field, relates to a kind of automobile monitoring alarm device, is specifically related to a kind of vehicle security drive monitor.

Background technology

Since the reform and opening-up, along with national economy and rapid development of automobile industry, improving constantly of living standards of the people, automobile product has more and more become the requisite production of economic development and people's lives, life instrument and the consumables, but when the automobile product of high speed development brings convenience to people, also a large amount of life and property losses and serious negative effects such as social sequelae have been brought to China, especially the weight of public passenger transport, load carrying vehicle, especially big road traffic accident take place frequently, and have brought massive losses for the country and people's lives and properties.Constantly the traffic accident that takes place has become big public hazards that threaten life property safety of people.Compare with developed country, China's traffic accident rate and traffic mortality are higher, and the traffic mortality whole world especially ranks the first.

According to investigation, " fatigue driving " and " driving when intoxicated " is the major cause that causes weight, especially big traffic accident, the chaufeur of passenger vehicle, special vehicle and high capacity waggon particularly, if can not stop chaufeur " fatigue driving " and " driving when intoxicated " effectively, that is that harm is incomparable, if this situation occurs on the express highway, its hazard rating can be bigger.

Vehicle security drive monitoring product function in the past is more single, and is incomplete to the factor consideration that influences traffic safety, and the application of product is restricted, wherein, prevent that drunken driving only is used for traffic police's compulsive checking driver's wine-drinking of driving and whether exceeds standard, range of use is little, and is limited to the chaufeur constraint; Anti-fatigue-driving is more in the research of biotechnology context of detection, detects inconvenience, and the cost height applies being restricted; Collision avoidance system only is used for luxury car at present, the independent use, and not and two technology in front combine.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, and a kind of vehicle security drive monitor is provided, and its volume is little, and is in light weight; Measuring multiple parameters; Non-contact measurement, accuracy of judgement, it is timely and effective to report to the police; Parameter can freely be set adjusting; Productive costs is low, be convenient to promote the use of.

For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of vehicle security drive monitor, comprise signal gathering unit, signal processing unit and car alarming and control unit, it is characterized in that: described signal gathering unit is gathered the range information between other vehicles or the obstacle on concentration information, driver fatigue degree information and the vehicle and the fore-and-aft direction of institute's spirituosity in the chaufeur breath, and the output Information Monitoring is to signal processing unit; Described signal processing unit is connected with described signal gathering unit, receives and handle described Information Monitoring, arrives car alarming and control unit according to process information output alarm and control command; Described car alarming and control unit are connected with described signal processing unit, receive warning and control command that described signal processing unit sends, report to the police and control operation according to warning and control command control vehicle.

The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:

(1) volume is little, and is in light weight; This vehicle security drive monitor volume is little, in light weight, is convenient to very much transportation;

(2) measuring multiple parameters; This vehicle security drive monitor not only uses the sensor signal that has had on the vehicle, such as speed signal, engine rotational speed signal, acceleration pedal position signal and steering wheel angle signal etc., also increase the concentration information of institute's spirituosity in the chaufeur breath, pedal of clutch is measured, range information on brake pedal measurement and gear selector survey sensor and vehicle and the fore-and-aft direction between other vehicles or the obstacle etc., with fatigue driving, drunken driving, front-and-rear vehicle distances etc. influence three principal elements of traffic safety and consider comprehensive treatment simultaneously, so result of a measurement more can be reacted the driving safety situation of vehicle.

(3) non-contact measurement, accuracy of judgement, it is timely and effective to report to the police; When this vehicle security drive monitor is measured required various signal, do not need the direct contact human body, therefore can not influence the driving of chaufeur.

(4) parameter can freely be set adjusting; The alarm parameters of this vehicle security drive monitor can freely be set its warning and controlled variable with different driving environments by keyboard and data-interface according to different vehicles, different regions.

(5) productive costs low, be convenient to promote the use of.The sensor signal that has had on the more use vehicle of this vehicle security drive monitor, such as speed signal, engine rotational speed signal, acceleration pedal position signal and steering wheel angle signal, thereby its productive costs is very low, is convenient to promote the use of.

Below by drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structured flowchart of the present utility model.

Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of the utility model signal gathering unit.

Fig. 3 is the structured flowchart of the utility model fatigue monitoring.

Fig. 4 is the structured flowchart of the utility model signal processing unit.

Fig. 5 is the structured flowchart of the utility model car alarming and control unit.

Description of reference numerals:

The 1-signal gathering unit; 1-1-alcohol monitoring modular; 1-2-fatigue monitoring module;

1-3-spacing monitoring mould 1-21-car speed sensor; The 1-22-engine speed sensor;

Piece;

The 1-23-throttle sensor; 1-24-normal danger sensing 1-25-clutch position sensor;

Device;

1-26-steering wheel angle 1-27-transforming gear sensing 2-signal processing unit;

Sensor; Device;

2-1-A/D sampling mould 2-2-CPU control module; The 2-3-I/O communication module;

Piece;

3-car alarming and control 3-1-LCD display module; 3-2-audible alarm module;

The unit;

3-3-engine control mould 3-4-drg control mould 4-communication module;

Piece; Piece;

The 5-keyboard; 6-ROM; 7-RAM.

The specific embodiment

A kind of vehicle security drive monitor as shown in Figure 1, comprise signal gathering unit 1, signal processing unit 2 and car alarming and control unit 3, in 1 pair of chaufeur breath of described signal gathering unit on concentration information, driver fatigue degree information and the vehicle and the fore-and-aft direction of institute's spirituosity the range information between other vehicles or the obstacle gather, the output Information Monitoring is to signal processing unit 2; Described signal processing unit 2 is connected with described signal gathering unit 1, receives and handle described Information Monitoring, arrives car alarming and control unit 3 according to process information output alarm and control command; Described car alarming and control unit 3 are connected with described signal processing unit 2, receive warning and control command that described signal processing unit 2 sends, report to the police and control operation according to warning and control command control vehicle.

As shown in Figure 2, described signal gathering unit 1 comprises: alcohol monitoring modular 1-1, fatigue monitoring module 1-2 and spacing monitoring modular 1-3; Described alcohol monitoring modular 1-1 is connected with signal processing unit 2, detects the concentration information of institute's spirituosity in the chaufeur breath, and the concentration information of institute's spirituosity exports signal processing unit 2 in the described chaufeur breath; Described fatigue monitoring module 1-2 is connected with signal processing unit 2, detects the driver fatigue degree information, and described driver fatigue degree information exports signal processing unit 2 to; Described spacing monitoring modular 1-3 is connected with signal processing unit 2, the range information on detection steering vehicle and the fore-and-aft direction between other vehicles or the obstacle, and described range information exports signal processing unit 2 to;

As shown in Figure 2, described alcohol monitoring modular 1-1 is an alcohol concentration sensor.Alcohol concentration sensor is installed in steering wheel for vehicle middle part and measures alcohol concentration in the chaufeur breath, the signal whether output can the ignition trigger vehicle, if alcohol concentration exceeds standard, then firing circuit is cut off, otherwise, then can the ignition trigger vehicle.

As shown in Figure 3, described fatigue monitoring module 1-2 comprises: car speed sensor 1-21, engine speed sensor 1-22, throttle sensor 1-23, normal danger sensor 1-24, clutch position sensor 1-25, steering wheel angle sensor 1-26 and transforming gear sensor 1-27; Described car speed sensor 1-21 is connected with signal processing unit 2, detects speed information, and described speed information exports signal processing unit 2 to; Described engine speed sensor 1-22 is connected with signal processing unit 2, detects the rotary speed information of vehicle motor, and the rotary speed information of described vehicle motor exports signal processing unit 2 to; Described throttle sensor 1-23 is connected with signal processing unit 2, detects the job information of vehicle accelerator, and the job information of described vehicle accelerator exports signal processing unit 2 to; Described brake pedal position sensor 1-24 is connected with signal processing unit 2, detects the location information of vehicle brake pedal, and the location information of described vehicle brake pedal exports signal processing unit 2 to; Described clutch pedal position transduser 1-25 is connected with signal processing unit 2, detects the location information of vehicle on-off pedal, and the location information of described vehicle on-off pedal exports signal processing unit 2 to; Described steering wheel angle sensor 1-26 is connected with signal processing unit 2, detects the job information of steering wheel for vehicle, and the corner information of described steering wheel for vehicle exports signal processing unit 2 to; Described transforming gear sensor 1-27 is connected with signal processing unit 2, detects the information converting of automobile gear level, and the information converting of described automobile gear level exports signal processing unit 2 to.

As shown in Figure 2, described spacing monitoring modular 1-3 is the ultrasonic ranging sensor.The ultrasonic ranging sensor can be easily on the fore-and-aft direction in the way of travelling and the distance between other vehicles and the obstacle carry out measurements and calculations, when this distance less than safety distance, then send warning signal, or control brake pedal and acceleration pedal, send the instruction of forced deceleration or parking, to keep preventing that with the safety distance of other vehicle or obstacle collision case takes place.

As shown in Figure 4, described signal processing unit 2 comprises A/D sampling module 2-1, CPU control module 2-2 and I/O communication module 2-3; Described A/D sampling module 2-1 is connected with signal gathering unit 1, and the information that signal gathering unit 1 is gathered is carried out sampling processing; Described CPU control module 2-2 is connected with I/O communication module 2-3 with A/D sampling module 2-1 respectively, reception is through the Information Monitoring of A/D sampling module 2-1 sampling processing, judge according to information whether chaufeur is in drunken driving or fatigue driving state, if contain alcohol in the chaufeur breath, judge that then chaufeur is in the drunken driving state, if the moving velocity of vehicle, abnomal condition appears in direction or both simultaneously, and each operating pedal or handle are not in time made correct reaction, judge that then chaufeur is in fatigue driving state, will output to described car alarming and control unit 3 by I/O communication module 2-3 according to warning and the control command that Information Monitoring produces.For drunken driving, controller can not normally start automotive engine; To report to the police accordingly according to the mal degree of traveling state of vehicle for the fatigue driving annunciator, improve attention, and require chaufeur to have a rest or change chaufeur etc. to remind chaufeur.If traveling state of vehicle can not get timely improvement, central processing unit will be sent the instruction of forced deceleration or parking by control brake pedal and acceleration pedal; Utilize the spacing monitoring modular to carry out the measurements and calculations of vehicle longitudinal separation in real time, provide the safe distance between vehicles signal that prevents vehicle collision, thereby prevent that drunken driving and fatigue driving from causing traffic accident to take place, and improves traffic safety.

As shown in Figure 5, described car alarming and control unit 3 comprise LCD display module 3-1, audible alarm module 3-2, engine control module 3-3 and drg control module 3-4; The control command that described LCD display module 3-1 received signal processing unit 2 sends and the input instruction of keyboard 5, with the number of transitions of the concentration of institute's spirituosity in the chaufeur breath, throttle delivery quality, the number of times that brakes in the set time, clutch in the set time, in the set time on the information of the angle position of bearing circle and torque gradient thereof and transforming gear information and vehicle and the fore-and-aft direction distance indication between other vehicles or the obstacle come out; The alarm command that described audible alarm module 3-2 received signal processing unit 2 sends also sends alarm sound, for chaufeur provides early warning; The control command that described engine control module 3-3 received signal processing unit 2 sends is controlled the speed of a motor vehicle by the delivery quality of control vehicle driving engine; The control command that described drg control module 3-4 received signal processing unit 2 sends, braking of control vehicle drg or pressure are stopped.

As shown in Figure 4, the I/O communication module 2-3 of described signal processing unit 2 also is connected with RAM7 with communication module 4, keyboard 5, ROM6.

The above; it only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model; be not that the utility model is imposed any restrictions; every according to the utility model technical spirit to any simple modification, change and equivalent structure transformation that above embodiment did, all still belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. vehicle security drive monitor, comprise signal gathering unit (1), signal processing unit (2) and car alarming and control unit (3), it is characterized in that: described signal gathering unit (1) is gathered the range information between other vehicles or the obstacle on concentration information, driver fatigue degree information and the vehicle and the fore-and-aft direction of institute's spirituosity in the chaufeur breath, and the output Information Monitoring is to signal processing unit (2); Described signal processing unit (2) is connected with described signal gathering unit (1), receives and handle described Information Monitoring, arrives car alarming and control unit (3) according to process information output alarm and control command; Described car alarming and control unit (3) are connected with described signal processing unit (2), receive warning and control command that described signal processing unit (2) sends, according to warning and control command vehicle are reported to the police and control operation.
2. according to the described vehicle security drive monitor of claim 1, it is characterized in that described signal gathering unit (1) comprising: alcohol monitoring modular (1-1), fatigue monitoring module (1-2) and spacing monitoring modular (1-3); Described alcohol monitoring modular (1-1) is connected with signal processing unit (2), detects the concentration information of institute's spirituosity in the chaufeur breath, and the concentration information of institute's spirituosity exports signal processing unit (2) in the described chaufeur breath; Described fatigue monitoring module (1-2) is connected with signal processing unit (2), detects the driver fatigue degree information, and described driver fatigue degree information exports signal processing unit (2) to; Described spacing monitoring modular (1-3) is connected with signal processing unit (2), the range information on detection steering vehicle and the fore-and-aft direction between other vehicles or the obstacle, and described range information exports signal processing unit (2) to;
3. according to the described vehicle security drive monitor of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described alcohol monitoring modular (1-1) is an alcohol concentration sensor.
4. according to the described vehicle security drive monitor of claim 2, it is characterized in that described fatigue monitoring module (1-2) comprising: car speed sensor (1-21), engine speed sensor (1-22), throttle sensor (1-23), normal danger sensor (1-24), clutch position sensor (1-25), steering wheel angle sensor (1-26) and transforming gear sensor (1-27); Described car speed sensor (1-21) is connected with signal processing unit (2), detects speed information, and described speed information exports signal processing unit (2) to; Described engine speed sensor (1-22) is connected with signal processing unit (2), detects the rotary speed information of vehicle motor, and the rotary speed information of described vehicle motor exports signal processing unit (2) to; Described throttle sensor (1-23) is connected with signal processing unit (2), detects the job information of vehicle accelerator, and the job information of described vehicle accelerator exports signal processing unit (2) to; Described brake pedal position sensor (1-24) is connected with signal processing unit (2), detects the location information of vehicle brake pedal, and the location information of described vehicle brake pedal exports signal processing unit (2) to; Described clutch pedal position transduser (1-25) is connected with signal processing unit (2), detects the location information of vehicle on-off pedal, and the location information of described vehicle on-off pedal exports signal processing unit (2) to; Described steering wheel angle sensor (1-26) is connected with signal processing unit (2), detects the job information of steering wheel for vehicle, and the corner information of described steering wheel for vehicle exports signal processing unit (2) to; Described transforming gear sensor (1-27) is connected with signal processing unit (2), detects the information converting of automobile gear level, and the information converting of described automobile gear level exports signal processing unit (2) to.
5. according to the described vehicle security drive monitor of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described spacing monitoring modular (1-3) is the ultrasonic ranging sensor.
6. according to the described vehicle security drive monitor of claim 1, it is characterized in that described signal processing unit (2) comprising: A/D sampling module (2-1), CPU control module (2-2) and I/O communication module (2-3); Described A/D sampling module (2-1) is connected with signal gathering unit (1), and the information that signal gathering unit (1) is gathered is carried out sampling processing; Described CPU control module (2-2) is connected with I/O communication module (2-3) with A/D sampling module (2-1) respectively, reception will output to described car alarming and control unit (3) by I/O communication module (2-3) according to warning and the control command that process information produces through the Information Monitoring of A/D sampling module (2-1) sampling processing.
7. according to claim 1 or 6 described vehicle security drive monitors, it is characterized in that described car alarming and control unit (3) comprising: LCD display module (3-1), audible alarm module (3-2), engine control module (3-3) and drg control module (3-4); The input instruction of control command that described LCD display module (3-1) received signal processing unit (2) sends and keyboard (5), with the number of transitions of the concentration of institute's spirituosity in the chaufeur breath, throttle delivery quality, the number of times that brakes in the set time, clutch in the set time, in the set time on the information of the angle position of bearing circle and torque gradient thereof and transforming gear information and vehicle and the fore-and-aft direction distance indication between other vehicles or the obstacle come out; The alarm command that described audible alarm module (3-2) received signal processing unit (2) sends also sends alarm sound, for chaufeur provides early warning; The control command that described engine control module (3-3) received signal processing unit (2) sends is controlled the speed of a motor vehicle by the delivery quality of control vehicle driving engine; The control command that described drg control module (3-4) received signal processing unit (2) sends, braking of control vehicle drg or pressure are stopped.
8. according to claim 1 or 3 described vehicle security drive monitors, it is characterized in that the I/O communication module (2-3) of described signal processing unit (2) also is connected with communication module (4), keyboard (5), ROM (6) and RAM (7).
CN2009202459454U 2009-12-23 2009-12-23 Vehicle safety driving monitoring device CN201559535U (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102501799A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-06-20 北京百纳威尔科技有限公司 Mobile terminal and mobile-terminal-based alarm method used for preventing rear-end accident
CN102717765A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-10-10 湖南赛格导航技术研究有限公司 Fatigue driving detection method and anti-fatigue driving auxiliary device
CN102765349A (en) * 2012-07-26 2012-11-07 东南(福建)汽车工业有限公司 Voice prompting method for vehicle instrument
CN103358992A (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-23 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Fatigue driving warning system and fatigue driving warning method
CN103832277A (en) * 2014-03-19 2014-06-04 安徽理工大学 Motor vehicle drunk-driving-preventing device combined with single chip microcomputer and hydraulic system
CN104786927A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-07-22 佛山市智海星空科技有限公司 Intelligent monitoring system capable of preventing automobile rear-end collision
CN104943609A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-09-30 广东科学技术职业学院 Driving fatigue warning and forced parking system and control method thereof
CN105667312A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-06-15 吉林大学 Intelligent drunk driving prevention and control system based on vehicle
CN108189669A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-06-22 项卢杨 A kind of automobile safety driving system and monitoring method
CN108205930A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-06-26 广州华夏职业学院 A kind of vehicle behavior multistage early warning system
CN108367677A (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-08-03 戴姆勒股份公司 Method at least one component for controlling motor vehicle
CN108694815A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-10-23 合肥市智信汽车科技有限公司 A kind of fatigue driving auxiliary device and method for detecting fatigue driving
CN105857075B (en) * 2016-05-11 2018-12-28 东风汽车公司 Fatigue drive of car security protection system and method

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102501799A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-06-20 北京百纳威尔科技有限公司 Mobile terminal and mobile-terminal-based alarm method used for preventing rear-end accident
CN102501799B (en) * 2011-10-10 2014-07-16 北京百纳威尔科技有限公司 Mobile terminal and mobile-terminal-based alarm method used for preventing rear-end accident
CN103358992A (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-23 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Fatigue driving warning system and fatigue driving warning method
CN102717765A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-10-10 湖南赛格导航技术研究有限公司 Fatigue driving detection method and anti-fatigue driving auxiliary device
CN102717765B (en) * 2012-07-09 2015-02-11 湖南赛格导航技术研究有限公司 Fatigue driving detection method and anti-fatigue driving auxiliary device
CN102765349A (en) * 2012-07-26 2012-11-07 东南(福建)汽车工业有限公司 Voice prompting method for vehicle instrument
CN103832277A (en) * 2014-03-19 2014-06-04 安徽理工大学 Motor vehicle drunk-driving-preventing device combined with single chip microcomputer and hydraulic system
CN104786927A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-07-22 佛山市智海星空科技有限公司 Intelligent monitoring system capable of preventing automobile rear-end collision
CN104943609A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-09-30 广东科学技术职业学院 Driving fatigue warning and forced parking system and control method thereof
CN108367677A (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-08-03 戴姆勒股份公司 Method at least one component for controlling motor vehicle
CN105667312A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-06-15 吉林大学 Intelligent drunk driving prevention and control system based on vehicle
CN105667312B (en) * 2016-04-15 2018-10-19 吉林大学 A kind of intelligent drunk driving prevention and control system based on vehicle
CN105857075B (en) * 2016-05-11 2018-12-28 东风汽车公司 Fatigue drive of car security protection system and method
CN108205930A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-06-26 广州华夏职业学院 A kind of vehicle behavior multistage early warning system
CN108189669A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-06-22 项卢杨 A kind of automobile safety driving system and monitoring method
CN108694815A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-10-23 合肥市智信汽车科技有限公司 A kind of fatigue driving auxiliary device and method for detecting fatigue driving

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