CN105667312A - Intelligent drunk driving prevention and control system based on vehicle - Google Patents

Intelligent drunk driving prevention and control system based on vehicle Download PDF

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CN105667312A
CN105667312A CN 201610235703 CN201610235703A CN105667312A CN 105667312 A CN105667312 A CN 105667312A CN 201610235703 CN201610235703 CN 201610235703 CN 201610235703 A CN201610235703 A CN 201610235703A CN 105667312 A CN105667312 A CN 105667312A
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driver
system
prevention
control system
alcohol
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CN 201610235703
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Chinese (zh)
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郑宏宇
赵明新
宗长富
何磊
陈国迎
赵伟强
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吉林大学
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
    • B60K28/00Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions
    • B60K28/02Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions responsive to conditions relating to the driver
    • B60K28/06Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions responsive to conditions relating to the driver responsive to incapacity of driver
    • B60K28/063Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions responsive to conditions relating to the driver responsive to incapacity of driver preventing starting of vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
    • B60K31/00Vehicle fittings, acting on a single sub-unit only, for automatically controlling, i.e. preventing speed from exceeding an arbitrarily established velocity or maintaining speed at a particular velocity, as selected by the vehicle operator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q9/00Arrangements or adaptations of signal devices not provided for in one of the preceding main groups, e.g. haptic signalling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R16/00Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for
    • B60R16/02Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements
    • B60R16/023Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements for transmission of signals between vehicle parts or subsystems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R22/00Safety belts or body harnesses in vehicles
    • B60R22/48Control systems, alarms, or interlock systems, for the correct application of the belt or harness
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R22/00Safety belts or body harnesses in vehicles
    • B60R22/48Control systems, alarms, or interlock systems, for the correct application of the belt or harness
    • B60R2022/4866Displaying or indicating arrangements thereof

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent drunk driving prevention and control system based on a vehicle.The intelligent drunk driving prevention and control system comprises a perception layer, a decision making layer and an execution layer.The perception layer comprises alcohol detection sensors, a steering wheel angle sensor and a torque sensor.The decision making layer mainly comprises a control unit ECU.The execution layer comprises an engine management system (EMS), an indication lamp module, a voice prompting module, a GPS positioning module and a drunkenness assistance module.A skin contact type sensor and an expiration type sensor are adopted for the alcohol detection sensors of the perception layer, and the accuracy of the detection of alcohol concentration in the body of a driver can be improved by synthesizing test data of the two sensors; the steering wheel angle sensor and the torque sensor are shared by an electric power steering (EPS) system.The drunk driving prevention and control system is started through a touch control mode, the driver can be effectively prevented from 'cheating', and drunk driving can be accurately and effectively prevented.A keyboard is arranged on a terminal of the drunkenness assistance module.The drunk driving driver can selectively send a distress signal according to the actual situation of himself/herself.

Description

一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统 One kind of driving prevention and control system based on intelligent vehicle wine

技术领域 FIELD

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[0001]本发明属于汽车主动安全领域,具体提出了一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,旨在预防酒驾,降低因酒驾导致的事故发生率。 [0001] The invention belongs to the field of automotive safety initiative, proposed a specific wine based on intelligent vehicle driving prevention and control system, designed to prevent drunk driving, reduce accidents caused due to drunk driving.

背景技术 Background technique

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[0002]随着经济社会的快速发展和汽车保有量显著增加,汽车在给人们带来极大便利的同时,也增加了道路交通的压力。 [0002] With the rapid economic and social development and a significant increase in car ownership, car to bring great convenience, but also increased the pressure on road traffic. 其中,频发的道路交通事故造成了严重的经济损失和大量的人员伤亡。 Among them, the frequent road accidents caused severe economic losses and a large number of casualties. 据统计,很大一部分交通事故是由驾驶员酒后驾驶引起的。 According to statistics, a large part of traffic accidents are caused by the driver for drink driving. 医学研究证明,酒精对驾驶员的影响主要体现在以下几个方面:酒精会影响驾驶员正确判断距离的能力;酒精会影响驾驶员的注意力、协调能力和反应能力,从而无法很好地控制刹车,此外酒精还会降低驾驶员的分析能力,从而导致作出错误的判断;与此同时,酒后飘飘然的愉悦感,也很容易使驾驶员过高地估计自己的能力。 Medical research shows that the impact of alcohol on the driver's mainly in the following areas: Alcohol can affect the driver's ability to correctly judge the distance; alcohol can affect the driver's attention, coordination and response capacity, which can not be well controlled brakes, in addition to alcohol also reduces the driver's ability to analyze, leading to erroneous judgments; at the same time, drink smug sense of pleasure, and very easy to make a driver overestimate their own abilities.

[0003]面对酒后驾车带来的极大的生命财产风险,必须防患于未然,从源头上抑制甚至杜绝酒驾。 [0003] face great risk of life and property caused by drunk driving, we must take preventive measures to suppress or even eliminate drunk driving from the source. 为了实现此目的,一些汽车厂商和科研人员开展了积极有效的研究。 To achieve this, some car manufacturers and researchers to carry out active and effective research. 其中,需要特别指出的就是,随着车联网等先进技术的迅速推广应用以及国家对智能汽车的逐步重视,如《中国制造2025》的颁布,为酒驾防控系统在实车上的应用提供了便利的条件。 Among them, it needs to be noted is that, with the rapid popularization and application of advanced vehicle networking technologies and national emphasis on gradual smart car, such as "Made in China 2025" was promulgated, providing for the drunk driving prevention system in the application of real car convenient conditions. 现阶段,防控酒驾常用做法就是在车上装载酒精测试装置,如果检测到驾驶员体内酒精浓度低于设定阈值,则允许正常驾驶,反之,当检测到驾驶员体内酒精浓度大于设定阈值时,则禁止发动机启动,从而有效避免了饮酒驾驶员参与到道路交通体系中,进而可大大减少酒驾导致的交通事故的发生。 Stage, drunk driving prevention is common practice in the car loading alcohol testing apparatus, if the detected alcohol concentration of the driver is below the threshold value, normal driving is allowed, whereas when the alcohol concentration detected by the driver is greater than the set threshold value when the engine start is prohibited, so as to effectively avoid the drinking drivers involved in road traffic system, and thus can greatly reduce the incidence of traffic accidents caused by drunk driving.

[0004]目前,一些预防酒驾的控制系统虽然实现了酒驾预防功能,但也存在如下一些问题:I)采用呼气式类型的酒精传感器,不能很好的规避车内其他饮酒人员对检测装置的影响,从而造成酒精检测的不准确甚至会影响汽车的正常行驶;2)不能有效的防止驾驶员“作弊”行为,即让未饮酒人员代替饮酒驾驶员进行酒精检测,从而蒙混过关,进而埋下重大驾驶安全隐患;3)在检测到驾驶员饮酒,尤其是醉酒后,虽禁止发动机启动使车辆无法行驶,但由于没有后续服务措施,即使达到预防酒驾的目的,但也会导致用户的不满,整套系统驾驶员接受程度低。 [0004] Currently, some of the drunk driving prevention system, while the control implemented drunk driving prevention function, but there are some problems as follows: I) using Breath alcohol sensor type, the vehicle can not avoid other well alcohol personnel detection means influence, resulting in inaccurate detection of alcohol and even affect the normal running of the car; 2) can not effectively prevent the driver from "cheating" behavior, that does not let people drink instead of drinking driver alcohol testing, which under false pretenses, and then planted major driving safety hazards; 3) detects the driver's alcohol consumption, especially after a drunken, although the prohibition of engine start immobilization of the vehicle, but the absence of follow-up service measures, even if the purpose of the prevention of drunk driving, but it can also lead to user dissatisfaction, The entire system low degree of driver acceptance. 本人在深入分析上述问题后,结合智能互联汽车的发展趋势,提出了一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,旨在克服上述问题,减少甚至杜绝酒驾的发生。 I have in-depth analysis of the above-mentioned problems, the development trend of smart, connected cars, wine is proposed based on intelligent vehicle driving prevention and control system designed to overcome the above problems, reduce or even eliminate the occurrence of drunk driving.

发明内容 SUMMARY

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[0005]本发明属于汽车主动安全领域,具体提出了一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,旨在预防甚至杜绝酒驾,降低因酒驾导致的事故发生率,为了实现上述目的,本发明通过如下技术方案实现: [0005] The invention belongs to active safety in automobiles, specifically proposed based on intelligent wine vehicle driving prevention and control system, designed to prevent or even eliminate drunk driving, reduce accidents due to drunk driving caused, in order to achieve the above object, the present invention the following technical solution:

[0006] —种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,包括感知层、决策层以及执行层;其中感知层包括酒精检测传感器、方向盘转角和力矩传感器;决策层主要包括ECU处理单元;执行层包括发动机管理系统EMS、指示灯模块、语音提示模块、GPS定位模块、醉酒辅助模块。 [0006] - Species drive based on intelligent wine vehicle prevention and control system, comprising a sensing layer, a decision-making and performing layer; wherein the sensing layer comprises an alcohol detection sensor, steering angle and torque sensor; decision-making layer mainly includes an ECU processing unit; execution layer comprising engine management system EMS, the indicator module, a voice prompt module, GPS positioning module, drunk auxiliary module.

[0007]技术方案中所述的酒精检测传感器采用皮肤接触式和呼气式两种酒精检测传感器,其中皮肤接触式酒精测试传感器分别安装在方向盘转角为0°时方向盘±90°方向位置附近以及变速器换挡杆的顶端,通过驾驶者的手掌皮肤,实时检测驾驶员体内酒精含量;呼气式酒精测试传感器安装在方向盘转角为0°时的方向盘最上方,通过采集分析驾驶者呼吸出的物质来检测驾驶员体内酒精含量。 [0007] The technical solution of the alcohol sensor detecting skin contact and using two kinds of breath alcohol detection sensor, wherein the skin contacting Alcohol test sensor are mounted near the steering wheel steering angle is ± 90 ° and 0 ° direction position to the top of the transmission shift lever by the driver palmar skin, the alcohol content of the driver real-time detection in vivo; breath alcohol test sensor is installed in a steering wheel steering angle of 0 ° at the top of the substance by the driver's breath collection and analysis alcohol content of the driver detected in vivo. 综合处理两种二者的测试结果,可提高驾驶员体内酒精浓度的测试精度和准确性;同时也提高了系统工作的可靠性,即当一种酒精传感器失效时,系统还能正常工作。 Comprehensive test results of the two processing both, can improve the precision and accuracy of the alcohol concentration of the driver body; also improves the reliability of the system, i.e., when an alcoholic sensor fails, the system still work.

[0008]技术方案中所述的智能酒驾防控系统,与电动助力转向系统(EPS)共用方向盘转角和力矩传感器,实现了结构、功能共用,可大幅节约成本。 [0008] The technical solution of the drunk driving prevention system intelligence, the electric power steering system (EPS) common steering wheel angle and torque sensors, to achieve the structure, function sharing may be significant cost savings. 原因在于随着智能车的迅速发展,电动助力转向系统(EPS)几乎成为其标配之一,这为上述目的的实现提供了必要的条件。 The reason is that with the rapid development of smart car, electric power steering system (EPS) has almost become one of the standard, which provides the necessary conditions for achieving the above object.

[0009]技术方案中所述的智能酒驾防控系统,采用触控启动酒驾防控系统的方式,即只要方向盘转角传感器或力矩传感器发生变化,则可认为驾驶员手握紧方向盘,进而启动防控系统。 [0009] The technical solution of the intelligent drunk driving prevention system, using the touch start mode drunk driving prevention system, i.e., as long as the steering wheel angle sensor or torque sensor is changed, the driver's hand gripping the steering wheel may be considered, and thus preventing start control system. 如果发动机启动后,检测到驾驶员手离开方向盘一段时间(其间可能换人驾驶),则在当前驾驶员手接触方向盘时,系统再次自行启动,从而有效避免了中途更换驾驶员的“作弊”行为的发生,切实提高系统的有效性。 If the engine is started, the driver's hand from the steering wheel is detected period of time (during which the driver may substitutions), the driver's hand contact when the current steering wheel, the system re-boot itself, so as to effectively avoid the "cheating" behavior way to replace the driver the occurrence, and effectively improve the effectiveness of the system.

[0010]技术方案中所述的醉酒辅助模块终端设置有键盘,包括:医疗键、代驾键、家属键、的士键。 [0010] The technical solution drunk assistance module is provided with a terminal keypad, comprising: a medical keys, key generation driving, family key, key taxis. 在当检测到驾驶员体内酒精浓度超过80mg/1 OOml时,醉酒辅助模块和GPS定位模块启动,驾驶员可根据自身情况有选择的发出求助信号。 When detecting the alcohol concentration of the driver exceeds 80mg / 1 OOml, drunkenness and assisted GPS positioning module startup module, the driver may selectively emit signals according to their help. 其中最值得一提的是医疗键,当驾驶员饮酒过量而导致身体严重不适或诱发疾病时,可通过该键向最近的医院发出求救信号,同时GPS将车辆所在位置发送至医院求助网络终端,可为驾驶员赢得宝贵的救助时间。 One of the most noteworthy medical key, when the driver of excessive drinking caused serious physical discomfort or cause disease when the distress signal can be sent to the nearest hospital by the key, while GPS location of the vehicle will be sent to the hospital where help network terminal, You can win valuable time to rescue the driver.

[0011]技术方案中所述的当检测到驾驶员体内酒精浓度S时,执行如下步骤: [0011] The technical solution according to the driver when the detected alcohol concentration S, perform the following steps:

[0012] a)若S〈Si,指示灯显示为绿色,语音提示系“请系好安全带”,发动机正常启动,正常驾驶; [0012] a) if S <Si, LED is green, voice prompts based "Please fasten your seat belts" normal engine starting, a normal driving;

[0013] b)若SKSUOmg/lOOml,指示灯显示为绿色,语音提示“请系好安全带”;通过发动机管理系统(EMS)控制车速V < V1,并随着车速的不同控制安全带的松紧程度,即低速时,控制安全带松点以提高舒适;高速时,控制安全带适当紧一些以提高安全性; [0013] b) When SKSUOmg / lOOml, LED is green, voice prompts, "Please wear a seatbelt"; control vehicle speed V <V1 by an engine management system (the EMS), and with different elastic belt of the vehicle speed control degree, i.e. the low speed, the control points to improve comfort loose belt; high speed, tight control of a number of suitable webbing to enhance security;

[0014] c)若20mg/100ml < S〈80mg/100ml,指示灯显示为黄色,语音提示“您已饮酒,请勿驾驶”,控制发动机管理系统(EMS)禁止启动发动机; [0014] c) if the 20mg / 100ml <S <80mg / 100ml, yellow indicator lights, voice prompts "You have alcohol, do not drive", controls the engine management system (EMS) Never start the engine;

[0015] d)若S > 80mg/100ml,指示灯为红色,语音提示“您已醉酒,严禁驾驶”,控制发动机管理系统(EMS)禁止启动发动机,GPS定位模块以及醉酒辅助模块开启。 [0015] d) If S> 80mg / 100ml, the light is red, the voice prompt "You have drunk driving is strictly prohibited", controls the engine management system (EMS) Never start the engine, GPS location module and drunk auxiliary module is switched on.

[0016]其中,a)和b)两种情况中的51和%可对驾驶员开放,可由驾驶员根据自身具体情况而设定,其中Si为0-20之间的一个数,Vi < 80km/h;如果驾驶员不设定,则默认Si = 1mg/10ml、Vi = 80km/h [0016] wherein, A), and b) 51%, and the driver can open in both cases, the driver may be set according to its own situation, where Si is a number between 0-20, Vi <80km / h; if the driver is not set, the default Si = 1mg / 10ml, Vi = 80km / h

[0017]与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果: [0017] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention:

[0018] 1.控制层的E⑶与发动机管理系统EMS通过CAN连接,直接通过控制EMS系统实现对发动机的控制,不需要在发动机启动电路中串联继电器等电器元件,减少对车辆的改动,降低成本,节约时间。 [0018] 1. E⑶ management system (EMS) with an engine control layer is connected via the CAN, to achieve control of the engine by controlling EMS system directly, relays and other electrical components in series does not require the engine start circuit, reducing the changes to the vehicle, to reduce costs ,save time.

[0019] 2.采用两种不同类型的酒精测试传感器,一方面可综合两者的测试数据,使检测结果更为准确;另一方面也增加了系统的冗余,即当其中一种传感器失效时,系统仍可工作。 [0019] 2. Two different types of alcohol test sensor, the test data can be integrated on the one hand between the two, so that more accurate detection result; also increased the redundancy of the system, i.e., when one sensor fails , the system can still work.

[0020 ] 3.基于电动助力转向系统(EPS)中的方向盘转角传感器以及扭矩传感器来控制酒驾防控系统的开启,实现了结构和功能共用,可大幅度节约成本。 [0020] 3. The electric power steering system based on (EPS) in the steering wheel angle sensor and a torque sensor to control opening of drunk driving prevention system, to achieve the common structures and functions, may be significant savings.

[0021] 4.醉酒辅助模块终端设有键盘,当检测到驾驶员醉酒后醉酒辅助模块与GPS定位模块共同启动,如果驾驶员由于饮酒过量感觉身体严重不适或导致一些疾病的诱发,可通过键盘上的医疗键向最近的医院发出救援信号,并通过GPS定位系统告知其车辆位置,提高了救援的时效性,为救助赢得宝贵的时间,在一定程度上可避免悲剧的产生;其他按键可根据驾驶员自身情况进行选择操作。 [0021] 4. A keyboard drunk submodule terminal, when the driver is detected with the aid module drunk drunk common start GPS positioning module, if a driver feels because excessive drinking cause serious physical discomfort or some diseases induced, via the keyboard medical keys on the issue rescue signal to the nearest hospital, and informed via GPS system of its vehicle position to improve the timeliness of rescue, to rescue win valuable time, to a certain extent, can avoid tragedies; other keys according to driver's own case selection operation.

[0022] 5.根据酒精检测传感器检测到的驾驶员体内酒精浓度值S,通过在允许的范围内(0-20mg/100ml)设定阈值,并根据S处在不同的范围,采用不同的控制方法,使控制系统可操作性更强。 [0022] The alcohol sensor detecting alcohol concentration of the driver detected value S, by setting a threshold value within the allowable range (0-20mg / 100ml), and in a different range depending S, different control method, the control system may be more feasible.

[0023] 6.当检测到SKSUOmg/lOOml时,EMS系统控制车速V < Vi,限制最高车速,并随着车速的不同控制安全带的松紧程度,提高了驾驶员行驶安全性。 [0023] 6. when detecting SKSUOmg / lOOml, EMS system controls the vehicle speed V <Vi, the maximum speed limit, and the tightness with different belt speed control to improve driving safety of the driver.

[0024] 7.相比于采用人脸识别装置来预防驾驶员“作弊”,本发明采用触控启动方式,SP只要方向盘转角传感器或力矩传感器发生变化,则可认为驾驶员手握紧方向盘,进而启动防控系统,可靠性更强,成本较人脸识别系统更低。 [0024] 7. Compared to the use of face recognition apparatus to prevent the driver of "cheating", the present invention employs a touch start mode, SP as long as the steering wheel angle sensor or torque sensor is changed, the hand grip can be considered that the driver steering wheel, Further start prevention system, greater reliability, lower costs than the face recognition system.

[0025] 8.在检测到驾驶员饮酒,尤其是醉酒后,在禁止驾驶的同时为驾驶员提供必要的服务措施,一方面提高了系统的用户接受程度,便于大面积推广使用;另一方面也顺应了未来智能网联汽车的发展趋势,应用前景非常可观。 [0025] 8. detected in the driver's alcohol consumption, especially when he is drunk driving is prohibited at the same time provide the driver with the necessary service measures, on the one hand increases the user acceptance of the system, to facilitate the large scale use; on the other hand also complies with the future development trend of intelligent network-linked vehicles, prospects are very impressive.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

: :

[0026]下面结合附图对本发明做进一步的说明: [0026] DRAWINGS further explanation of the invention:

[0027]图1是本发明所述的系统组成示意图; [0027] FIG. 1 is a system schematic of the present invention is composed of;

[0028]图2是本发明所述的醉酒辅助模块终端键盘示意图; [0028] FIG. 2 is drunk submodule terminal according to the present invention, a schematic view of a keyboard;

[0029]图3是本发明所述的系统工作流程图; [0029] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of the system of the present invention;

具体实施方式 detailed description

: :

[0030]下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式做详细的描述。 [0030] The following description of the drawings in detail specific embodiments of the present invention binds.

[0031]参阅图1,整个系统包括包括感知层、决策层以及执行层;其中感知层包括酒精检测传感器、方向盘转角和力矩传感器;决策层主要包括ECU处理单元;执行层包括发动机管理系统EMS、指示灯模块、语音提示模块、GPS定位模块、醉酒辅助模块。 [0031] Referring to Figure 1, the system comprising comprising a sensing layer, a decision-making and performing layer; wherein the sensing layer comprises an alcohol detection sensor, steering angle and torque sensor; decision-making layer mainly includes an ECU processing unit; performing layer comprising an engine management system EMS, indicator module, a voice prompt module, GPS positioning module, drunk auxiliary module. 本发明中酒精检测传感器采用皮肤接触式和呼气式两种酒精检测传感器,其中皮肤接触式酒精测试传感器分别安装在方向盘转角为0°时方向盘±90°方向位置附近以及变速器换挡杆的顶端,通过驾驶者的手掌皮肤,实时检测驾驶员体内酒精含量;呼气式酒精测试传感器安装在方向盘转角为0°时的方向盘最上方,通过采集分析驾驶者呼吸出的物质来检测驾驶员体内酒精含量。 The present invention uses alcohol detection sensor and the skin-contact type two breath alcohol detection sensor, wherein the skin contacting Alcohol test sensors are mounted to the top of the steering wheel angle of 0 ° ± 90 ° direction near the steering wheel and the transmission shift lever position , the skin of the palm of the driver, the driver's alcohol level real-time detection in vivo; breath alcohol test sensor is installed in a steering wheel steering angle of 0 ° top to the driver is detected by collecting the analyte of alcohol breath out of the driver content. 通过采集分析驾驶者呼吸出的物质来检测驾驶员体内酒精含量。 By collecting the analyte in the driver's breath alcohol content of the driver detected in vivo. 综合处理两种二者的测试结果,可提高驾驶员体内酒精浓度的测试精度和准确性;同时也提高了系统工作的可靠性,即当一种酒精传感器失效时,系统还能正常工作。 Comprehensive test results of the two processing both, can improve the precision and accuracy of the alcohol concentration of the driver body; also improves the reliability of the system, i.e., when an alcoholic sensor fails, the system still work.

[0032]参阅图2,醉酒辅助模块终端键盘,包括:医疗键、代驾键、家属键、的士键。 [0032] Referring to Figure 2, the auxiliary module drunk terminal keyboard, comprising: a medical keys, key generation driving, family key, key taxis. 在当检测到驾驶员体内酒精浓度超过80mg/100ml时,醉酒辅助模块和GPS定位模块启动,驾驶员可根据自身情况有选择的发出求助信号。 When detecting the alcohol concentration of the driver exceeds 80mg / 100ml to, drunkenness assisted GPS positioning module and the module start, the driver may selectively emit signals according to their help. 其中最值得一提的是医疗键,当驾驶员饮酒过量而导致身体严重不适或诱发疾病时,可通过此按键向最近的医院发出求救信号,同时GPS将车辆所在位置发送至医院求助网络终端,可为驾驶员赢得宝贵的救助时间。 One of the most noteworthy medical key, when the driver of excessive drinking caused serious physical discomfort or cause disease when the distress signal can be sent to the nearest hospital by this button, while the GPS location of the vehicle will be sent to the hospital where help network terminal, You can win valuable time to rescue the driver.

[0033]参阅图3,当方向转角传感器或扭矩传感器检测到驾驶员手接触方向盘后,则控制系统启动,酒精传感器开始检检测驾驶员体内酒精浓度S: [0033] Referring to FIG 3, when the hand contacts the driver steering angle sensor or a torque direction sensor detects, the control system starts, the alcohol sensor detecting a driver starts alcohol concentration subject S:

[0034] a)若S〈Si,指示灯显示为绿色,语音提示“可以启动发动机”,发动机正常启动,驾驶员正常驾驶; [0034] a) if S <Si, LED is green, the voice prompt "engine can be started", normal engine starting, normal driving of the driver;

[0035] b)若SKSUOmg/lOOml,指示灯显示为绿色,语音提示“可以启动发动机”;通过发动机管理系统(EMS)控制车速V < V1,并随着车速的不同控制安全带的松紧程度,即低速时,控制安全带松点以提高舒适;高速时,控制安全带适当紧一些以提高安全性; [0035] b) When SKSUOmg / lOOml, LED is green, the voice prompt "start the engine"; control vehicle speed V <V1 by an engine management system (the EMS), and the tightness of the belt with different control of the vehicle speed, That is low, the release point control belt to improve comfort; high speed, tight control of a number of suitable webbing to enhance security;

[0036] c)若20mg/100ml < S〈80mg/100ml,指示灯显示为黄色,语音提示“您已饮酒,请勿驾驶”,控制发动机管理系统(EMS)禁止启动发动机; [0036] c) if the 20mg / 100ml <S <80mg / 100ml, yellow indicator lights, voice prompts "You have alcohol, do not drive", controls the engine management system (EMS) Never start the engine;

[0037] d)若S > 80mg/100ml,指示灯为红色,语音提示“您已醉酒,严禁驾驶”,控制发动机管理系统(EMS)禁止启动发动机,与此同时GPS定位模块以及醉酒辅助模块开启。 [0037] d) If S> 80mg / 100ml, the light is red, the voice prompt "You have drunk driving is strictly prohibited", controls the engine management system (EMS) Never start the engine while drunk assisted GPS positioning module and the module to open .

[0038]其中,a)和b)两种情况中的51和%可对驾驶员开放,可由驾驶员根据自身具体情况而设定,其中Si为0-20之间的一个数,Vi < 80km/h;如果驾驶员不设定,则默认Si = 1mg/10ml、Vi = 80km/h。 [0038] wherein, A), and b) 51%, and the driver can open in both cases, the driver may be set according to its own situation, where Si is a number between 0-20, Vi <80km / h; if the driver is not set, the default Si = 1mg / 10ml, Vi = 80km / h.

Claims (9)

  1. 1.一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,包括感知层、决策层以及执行层;其中感知层包括酒精检测传感器、方向盘转角和力矩传感器;决策层主要包括ECU处理单元;执行层包括发动机管理系统(EMS)、指示灯模块、语音提示模块、GPS定位模块、醉酒辅助模块。 A wine-based intelligent vehicle driving prevention and control system, comprising a sensing layer, and performing decision-making layer; wherein the sensing layer comprises an alcohol detection sensor, steering angle and torque sensor; decision-making layer mainly comprises processing unit ECU; execution layer comprising an engine management system (EMS), the indicator module, a voice prompt module, GPS positioning module, drunk auxiliary module.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,其特征在采用呼气式酒精测试传感器和皮肤接触式酒精测试传感器共同检测驾驶员体内酒精浓度,其中呼气式酒精测试传感器安装在方向盘转角为0°时的方向盘最上方,皮肤接触式酒精测试传感器分别安装在方向盘转角为0°时方向盘±90°方向位置附近以及变速器换挡杆的顶端。 As claimed in one of the formula in claim 1, wherein the exhalation based on intelligent drunk driving prevention and control system for a vehicle, characterized by using breath alcohol test sensor and the skin contact sensor together alcohol test driver detecting alcohol concentration, alcohol test sensor is mounted in a steering wheel steering angle is 0 ° when the top, skin contacting alcohol test sensors were installed in the steering angle is near the steering wheel to the top of 0 ° ± 90 ° direction and the position of the transmission shift lever.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,其特征在于采用两种不同类型的酒精测试传感器,综合两者的检测数据可使测量结果更为准确。 One of the claim 1 prevention driving and control system of the vehicle based on intelligent wine, characterized by using two different types of alcohol test sensor combination of the two detected data allows more accurate measurement results.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,其特征在于与电动助力转向系统共用方向盘转角和力矩传感器,实现了结构、功能共用,可大幅节约成本。 One of said drive as claimed in claim 1 prevention of alcohol-based intelligent control system and a vehicle, wherein the electric power steering system with a steering wheel angle and torque sensor common to achieve the structure, function sharing may be significant cost savings.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,其特征在于采用触控的方式控制酒驾防控系统的启动,即只要方向盘转角传感器或力矩传感器发生变化,则可认为驾驶员手握紧方向盘,进而启动防控系统。 5. one of the claims 1 to prevention driving and control system of the vehicle based on intelligent wine, characterized by using the touch start is controlled drunk driving prevention system, i.e., as long as the change in steering wheel angle sensor or torque sensor is, can He considered that the driver hands clenched the steering wheel, and then start the prevention and control system.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,其特征在于醉酒辅助模块终端设有键盘,包括:医疗键、代驾键、家属键、的士键。 One of said drive according to claim 1 for the prevention and control of the vehicle based on intelligent wine, characterized in that the auxiliary module of the terminal drunk A keyboard, comprising: a medical keys, key generation driving, family key, key taxis.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,其特征在于当检测到驾驶员体内酒精浓度S时,执行如下步骤: a)若S〈&,指示灯显示为绿色,语音提示系“请您系好安全带”,发动机正常启动,正常驾驶; b)若SKSUOmg/lOOml,指示灯显示为绿色,语音提示“请您系好安全带”;通过EMS系统控制车速V < V1,并随着车速的不同控制安全带的松紧程度; c)若20mg/100ml < S<80mg/100ml,指示灯显示为黄色,语音提示“您已饮酒,请勿驾驶”,控制EMS系统禁止启动发动机; d)若S2 80mg/100ml,指示灯为红色,语音提示“您已醉酒,严禁驾驶”,控ffjijEMS系统禁止启动发动机,与此同时GPS定位模块以及醉酒辅助模块开启。 7. The one of the claims 1 to drunk driving prevention and based on intelligent control system for a vehicle, wherein upon detection of the alcohol concentration of the driver S, perform the following steps: a) if S <&, indicator lights green, voice prompt system, "Please fasten your seat belts," the engine starts normally, normal driving; b) if SKSUOmg / lOOml, the indicator is green, the voice prompt "Please fasten your seat belts"; speed control via EMS system V <V1, and with different tightness control of belt speed; c) when 20mg / 100ml <S <80mg / 100ml, a yellow indicator lights, voice prompts "You have alcohol, do not driving", EMS control Never start engine system; d) if S2 80mg / 100ml, the light is red, the voice prompt "You have drunk driving is strictly prohibited," ffjijEMS control system prohibits start the engine, at the same time GPS positioning module and drunk auxiliary module is switched on.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,其特征在a)和b)两种情况中的31和¥1可对驾驶员开放,可由驾驶员根据自身情况而设定,其中S1SlO1之间的一个数,Vi < 80km/h如果驾驶员不设定,则默认Si = 10mg/100ml,Vi = 80km/h。 8. An according to claim 7 prevention driving and control system of the vehicle based on intelligent wine, characterized in a) and b) the two cases 31 and ¥ 1 can open the driver, the driver may be formed according to their set, wherein a number between S1SlO1, Vi <80km / h if the driver is not set, the default Si = 10mg / 100ml, Vi = 80km / h.
  9. 9.如权利要求5所述的一种基于车辆的智能酒驾预防和控制系统,其特征在于采用触控的方式控制酒驾防控系统启动,可有效防止“作弊”事件的发生,切实提高系统的可靠性。 9. An claimed in claim 5, wherein driving prevention and control system based on intelligent vehicle wine, characterized by using touch controls drunk driving prevention system is started, which can effectively prevent the occurrence of "cheating" event, the system effectively improve reliability.
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