CN201558844U - Comprehensive detachment and resource recycling processing line of waste (old) refrigerator - Google Patents

Comprehensive detachment and resource recycling processing line of waste (old) refrigerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201558844U
CN201558844U CN2009200263586U CN200920026358U CN201558844U CN 201558844 U CN201558844 U CN 201558844U CN 2009200263586 U CN2009200263586 U CN 2009200263586U CN 200920026358 U CN200920026358 U CN 200920026358U CN 201558844 U CN201558844 U CN 201558844U
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China
Prior art keywords
refrigerator
support
detachment
transfer machine
hinged
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009200263586U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩清洁
赵婉茹
王军
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QINGDAO XINTIANDI ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LTD.
Original Assignee
QINGDAO NEW WORLD ECOLOGICAL CYCLE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2009200263586U priority Critical patent/CN201558844U/en
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Publication of CN201558844U publication Critical patent/CN201558844U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The utility model discloses a comprehensive detachment and resource recycling processing line of waste (old) refrigerator, which comprises a refrigerator feeding device, a detachment conveyor, a transfer machine, a detachment station, a Freon extractor and a crusher. The detachment conveyor is sequentially connected with the refrigerator feeding device, the transfer machine, the detachment station and the crusher. The Freon extractor is equipped together with the transfer machine. The operation process comprises the following steps: feeding a refrigerator to a detachment conveyor by the refrigerator feeding device, conveying the refrigerator to the transfer machine by the detachment conveyor, moving the refrigerator from the detachment conveyor by the transfer machine, connecting the refrigerator with the Freon extractor, feeding the refrigerator to the detachment conveyor by the transfer device after the Freon is fully extracted, performing artificial detachment at the detachment station, and then feeding the refrigerator to the crusher by the detachment conveyor for crushing, separating and sorting. Automatic and continuous operation is realized. The efficiency of material flow is greatly improved. The labor intensity of human is reduced.

Description

Discarded (old) refrigerator is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization dispose train
Technical field
The utility model belongs to discarded or the waste electrical equipment electronic product is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization disposal facility, is specifically related to a kind of discarded or the waste refrigerator ice box is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization dispose train.
Background technology
Be accompanied by the minimizing of the energy and all kinds of resources and the raising of people's environmental consciousness, utilize problem also more and more to cause people's attention again by environmental pollution and resource comprehensiveization that discarded electric appliance and electronic product causes.Aspect environmental improvement, the end treatment of environmental pollution and the developing direction that watershed management is laid equal stress on have been begun in the world.From big Economic Development Mode aspect, human the experience by of the transformation of traditional industrialized economy to recycling economy and sustainable development.Recycling economy (Circular Economy) is the revolution to the conventional linear industrial economy, it is a kind of material closed loop flow model economy, requirement becomes organization of economic activity the reaction type flow process of " resource-product-regenerated resources ", the all materials and the energy are wanted and can be obtained reasonable and lasting utilization in this ongoing economic circulation, thereby economic activity is reduced to as far as possible little degree to the influence of natural environment, fundamentally clears up sharp-pointed conflict the between the environment and economic development for a long time thereby reach.
Discarded or waste electrical equipment electronic product belongs to solid waste, and they are different from general municipal refuse.If these garbage buries are left intact in soil, harmful substance wherein will infiltrate, and soil is caused serious pollution.If these rubbish are burned, these raw materials then can discharge a large amount of pernicious gases, and air is polluted, and influence people's health.
Though discarded waste electrical equipment electronic product has very big harmfulness, but after focusing on processing, can be separated into the higher regenerated resources of purity, copper, aluminium, ferrous metal, stainless steel, plastics, noble metal mixture etc., most of material is renewable to be vendible product, meets the reaction type flow process of recycling economy.Therefore, the important channel that concerning the poor relatively country of our such per capita resources occupancy volume resource that only is world's per capita resources occupancy volume 58%, the recycling of discarded electric appliance and electronic product will be the protection environment, economize on resources, develop a circular economy.
Waste refrigerator, ice box are a kind of more special discarded electrical equipment, at present its refrigeration system and heat insulating construction in contain the freon that makes the earth's ozone layer attenuation.Therefore, the refrigerator after scrapping can not at will be disposed, and must carry out harmless treatment.
The known technology field does not have complete discarded or the waste refrigerator ice box is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization disposal facility as yet, your office discloses a kind of name on November 3rd, 2004, and to be called waste refrigerators panel disassembling apparatus, the patent No. be 200320110583.0 utility model patent, this patent only is the single device that waste refrigerators is disassembled, fail to form the complete set of equipments of automation, serialization operation, inefficiency, hand labor intensity are big.
The utility model content
In order to overcome the above-mentioned defective that the known technology field exists, the purpose of this utility model is, provides that a kind of discarded (old) refrigerator is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization dispose train, can automation, continuous operation, and high efficiency, production cost are low.
Discarded (old) refrigerator that the utility model provides is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization dispose train, comprise the refrigerator eedle threader, disassemble pipeline, transfer machine, disassembling stations, freon draw-out device, disintegrating machine, the described pipeline of disassembling connects refrigerator eedle threader, transfer machine, disassembling stations, disintegrating machine successively, and freon draw-out device and transfer machine are set together; Its course of work is, the refrigerator eedle threader is served refrigerator and is disassembled pipeline, disassemble pipeline refrigerator is delivered to the transfer machine, the transfer machine shifts out refrigerator and disassembles pipeline, refrigerator is connected with the freon draw-out device, freon extracts and finishes, the transfer machine is sent refrigerator back to and is disassembled pipeline, carry out artificial unloading's compressor in disassembling stations, temperature controller, cooling system and vapo(u)rization system, casing chamber door steel plate, and assembly operations such as glass and plastics, and manually separate box liner and door lining, circuit board and heat-insulating material etc. are disassembled pipeline then and again refrigerator are sent into disintegrating machine and carry out broken apart and sorting.
Described refrigerator eedle threader comprises base, support, upset cylinder, described support cross section is " L " type, the place, right angle of described " L " type support is hinged on the base, described upset cylinder one end is hinged on the base, the other end is hinged on long side of " L " type support, and described " L " type support can be done 90 degree flip-flop movements under the effect of upset cylinder; The short side of described " L " type support is provided with the cylinder of reaching the standard grade, and long side is provided with conveying cylinder, and long side also is provided with the refrigerator clamping device.
Described transfer machine comprises base, support, shifting apparatus, turning device, vibrating device, described turning device is the cylinder turning device, one end is hinged on the base, the other end is hinged on the support, support is hinged on the base, turning device can flip an angle the refrigerator on the support, and vibrating device is eccentric vibrating device, is arranged on the support.
Described disintegrating machine is two shaft type disintegrating machines, and it comprises airtight chamber, some to interlaced steel cutlery, and these steel cutlery suits are fixed on the axle, and axle is connected with support by bearing, and support is fixedly installed on the base.
Discarded (old) refrigerator that the utility model provides is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization dispose train, its beneficial effect is, connect refrigerator eedle threader, transfer machine, disassembling stations, disintegrating machine successively by disassembling pipeline, realized automation, worked continuously, increase substantially logistic efficiency, reduced hand labor intensity.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the refrigerator eedle threader structural representation of the utility model embodiment one;
Fig. 2 is the transfer machine course of work structural representation of the utility model embodiment one;
Fig. 3 is the crusher structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment one.
Mark among the figure:
1. base; 2. support; 3. upset cylinder; 4. disassemble pipeline; 5. the cylinder of reaching the standard grade; 6. conveying cylinder; 7. clamping device; 8. shifting apparatus; 9. turning device; 10. vibrating device; 11. airtight chamber; 12. steel cutlery; 13. axle; 14. support; 15. base; 16. base; 17. support.
The specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings, in conjunction with an embodiment, to discarded (old) refrigerator that the utility model provides comprehensively disassemble, the resource reutilization dispose train is described in detail.
Embodiment one
With reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, discarded (old) refrigerator of present embodiment is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization dispose train, comprise the refrigerator eedle threader, disassemble pipeline, transfer machine, disassembling stations, freon draw-out device, disintegrating machine, the described pipeline of disassembling connects refrigerator eedle threader, transfer machine, disassembling stations, disintegrating machine successively, and freon draw-out device and transfer machine are set together; Its course of work is, the refrigerator eedle threader is served waste refrigerator and is disassembled pipeline, disassemble pipeline refrigerator is delivered to the transfer machine, the transfer machine shifts out refrigerator and disassembles pipeline, refrigerator is connected with the freon draw-out device, freon extracts and finishes, the transfer machine is sent refrigerator back to and is disassembled pipeline, carry out artificial unloading's compressor in disassembling stations, temperature controller, cooling system and vapo(u)rization system, casing chamber door steel plate, and assembly operations such as glass and plastics, and manually separate box liner and door lining, circuit board and heat-insulating material etc. are disassembled pipeline then and again refrigerator are sent into disintegrating machine and carry out broken apart and sorting.
Described refrigerator eedle threader comprises base 1, support 2, upset cylinder 3, the cross section of described support 2 is " L " type, the place, right angle of described " L " type support is hinged on the base 1, described upset cylinder 3 one ends are hinged on the base 1, the other end is hinged on long side of " L " type support, and described " L " type support can be done 90 degree flip-flop movements under the effect of upset cylinder 3; The short side of described " L " type support is provided with the cylinder 5 of reaching the standard grade, and long side is provided with conveying cylinder 6, and long side also is provided with refrigerator clamping device 7.
Described transfer machine comprises base 16, support 17, shifting apparatus 8, turning device 9, vibrating device 10, described turning device 9 is the cylinder turning device, one end is hinged on the base 16, the other end is hinged on the support 17, support 17 is hinged on the base 16, turning device 9 can flip an angle the refrigerator on the support, and vibrating device 10 is eccentric vibrating device, is arranged on the support.
Described disintegrating machine is two shaft type disintegrating machines, and it comprises airtight chamber 11, some to interlaced steel cutlery 12, and these steel cutlery suits are fixed on the axle 13, and axle is connected with support 14 by bearing, and support is fixedly installed on the base 15.
During work, to discard on " L " type support that waste refrigerator is placed on eedle threader by the cylinder 5 of reaching the standard grade, refrigerator is fixed earlier by clamping device 7, turn over by the upset cylinder then and turn 90 degrees, after refrigerator was flipped to horizontal level, conveying cylinder 6 was sent into refrigerator and is disassembled pipeline 4.Refrigerator is sent to the postpone of transfer seat in the plane, by the shifting apparatus 8 of transfer machine refrigerator is shifted out and to disassemble pipeline 4, by turning device 9 refrigerator upset 30 degree-45 are spent, at this moment the refrigerator pipes of refrigerator is docked with the freon draw-out device, open and extract button, start the vibrating device 10 of transfer machine simultaneously, whole transfer machine begins vibration, guarantees to extract the process efficiency height of freon and extract clean.The transfer machine comprises two integral type conveying cylinder devices, and when disassembling the line normal operation, right side cylinder line is carried refrigerator.When needs extracted freon, whole transfer machine was to right translation, and the left side cylinder continues to carry refrigerator like this, and the right side refrigerator then shifts out pipeline, extracts the work of freon.Freon extracts and finishes, and the transfer machine is sent refrigerator back to and disassembled pipeline 4.Refrigerator is admitted to disassembling stations then, carry out artificial unloading's compressor, temperature controller, cooling system and vapo(u)rization system, casing chamber door steel plate and assembly operations such as glass and plastics in disassembling stations, and manually separate box liner and door lining, circuit board and heat-insulating material etc.But the refrigerator main body after disassembling and other crusher members are admitted to two shaft type disintegrating machines carries out broken apart and sorting process, fragmentation procedure carries out in the airtight chamber 11 of disintegrating machine, charge into nitrogen in the chamber, prevent that the flammable explosive gas that produces in the shattering process from blasting.Can be in this operation with its iron content, cupric, aluminiferous metals, and plastics such as PS, PP, materials and equipment classifications such as PUR heat-barrier material separate.
Remainder need be delivered to follow-up disposal section and finally handle.Wherein, a part is carried out purifying reduction use in the compressor oil, and other contaminated machine oil are handled in the incineration mode; Compressor under disassembling detects through specialty, callablely delivers to special processing enterprise and repairs and re-use, and other are sent to useless motor and handle line; Steel plate, tubing after smooth or aligning cutting as old sheet material or old tubing; Polyurethane foam in the heat-insulating material needs through special separation, and all the other waste plastics enter comprehensive separating plastic line, and the processing of regenerating; After circuit board takes off strength member, deliver to waste printed circuit board and handle line.

Claims (4)

  1. Discarded (old) refrigerator comprehensively disassemble, the resource reutilization dispose train, comprise freon draw-out device, disintegrating machine, it is characterized in that: it also comprises the refrigerator eedle threader, disassembles pipeline, transfer machine, disassembling stations, the described pipeline of disassembling connects refrigerator eedle threader, transfer machine, disassembling stations, disintegrating machine successively, and freon draw-out device and transfer machine are set together.
  2. 2. discarded (old) refrigerator according to claim 1 is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization dispose train, and it is characterized in that: described refrigerator eedle threader comprises base, support, upset cylinder, and described support cross section is
    Figure DEST_PATH_FA20192506200920026358601C00011
    Type, described
    Figure DEST_PATH_FA20192506200920026358601C00012
    The place, right angle of type support is hinged on the base, and described upset cylinder one end is hinged on the base, and the other end is hinged on
    Figure DEST_PATH_FA20192506200920026358601C00013
    Long side of type support, described
    Figure DEST_PATH_FA20192506200920026358601C00014
    The type support can be done 90 degree flip-flop movements under the effect of upset cylinder; Described The short side of type support is provided with the cylinder of reaching the standard grade, and long side is provided with conveying cylinder, and long side also is provided with the refrigerator clamping device.
  3. 3. discarded (old) refrigerator according to claim 1 is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization dispose train, it is characterized in that: described transfer machine comprises base, support, shifting apparatus, turning device, vibrating device, described turning device is the cylinder turning device, one end is hinged on the base, the other end is hinged on the support, and support is hinged on the base, and turning device can flip an angle the refrigerator on the support, vibrating device is eccentric vibrating device, is arranged on the support.
  4. 4. discarded (old) refrigerator according to claim 1 is comprehensively disassembled, the resource reutilization dispose train, it is characterized in that: described disintegrating machine is two shaft type disintegrating machines, comprise airtight chamber, some to interlaced steel cutlery, these steel cutlery suits are fixed on the axle, axle is connected with support by bearing, and support is fixedly installed on the base.
CN2009200263586U 2009-05-26 2009-05-26 Comprehensive detachment and resource recycling processing line of waste (old) refrigerator Expired - Fee Related CN201558844U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200263586U CN201558844U (en) 2009-05-26 2009-05-26 Comprehensive detachment and resource recycling processing line of waste (old) refrigerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200263586U CN201558844U (en) 2009-05-26 2009-05-26 Comprehensive detachment and resource recycling processing line of waste (old) refrigerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201558844U true CN201558844U (en) 2010-08-25

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102247970A (en) * 2011-04-08 2011-11-23 凯天环保科技股份有限公司 Method and device for recycling Freon from rigid foam insulating material of waste and old refrigerator and ice tank
CN108308068A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-07-24 刘新宇 A kind of liner type beehive based on waste refrigerators

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102247970A (en) * 2011-04-08 2011-11-23 凯天环保科技股份有限公司 Method and device for recycling Freon from rigid foam insulating material of waste and old refrigerator and ice tank
CN102247970B (en) * 2011-04-08 2013-01-30 凯天环保科技股份有限公司 Method and device for recycling Freon from rigid foam insulating material of waste and old refrigerator and ice tank
CN108308068A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-07-24 刘新宇 A kind of liner type beehive based on waste refrigerators

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: QINGDAO XINTIANDI WASTE RECYCLING HOUSEHOLD APPLIA

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: QINGDAO NEW WORLD ECO-RECYCLING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

Effective date: 20110914

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20110914

Address after: Song Jia Ze Kou Cun Jiang Shan Zhen Laixi city 266600 Shandong city of Qingdao Province

Patentee after: Qingdao Xintiandi Waste Recycling Household Appliances and Electronic products Co., Ltd.

Address before: Song Jia Ze Kou Cun Jiang Shan Zhen Laixi city 266600 Shandong city of Qingdao Province

Patentee before: Qingdao New World Ecological Cycle Technology Co., Ltd.

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: HAN QINGJIE

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: QINGDAO XINTIANDI WASTE RECYCLING HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES AND ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20120328

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 266600 QINGDAO, SHANDONG PROVINCE TO: 266061 QINGDAO, SHANDONG PROVINCE

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20120328

Address after: 266061, No. 14, building 397, No. 105 East Hongkong Road, Laoshan District, Shandong, Qingdao

Patentee after: Han Qingjie

Address before: Song Jia Ze Kou Cun Jiang Shan Zhen Laixi city 266600 Shandong city of Qingdao Province

Patentee before: Qingdao Xintiandi Waste Recycling Household Appliances and Electronic products Co., Ltd.

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: QINGDAO NEW WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LT

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: HAN QINGJIE

Effective date: 20120626

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 266061 QINGDAO, SHANDONG PROVINCE TO: 266000 QINGDAO, SHANDONG PROVINCE

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20120626

Address after: Yanan City, Shandong province Qingdao City Road 266000 No. 39

Patentee after: QINGDAO XINTIANDI ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LTD.

Address before: 266061, No. 14, building 397, No. 105 East Hongkong Road, Laoshan District, Shandong, Qingdao

Patentee before: Han Qingjie

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100825

Termination date: 20170526