CN201497732U - Ultrasonic guided wave transducer with adjustable incidence angle - Google Patents

Ultrasonic guided wave transducer with adjustable incidence angle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201497732U
CN201497732U CN2009200616107U CN200920061610U CN201497732U CN 201497732 U CN201497732 U CN 201497732U CN 2009200616107 U CN2009200616107 U CN 2009200616107U CN 200920061610 U CN200920061610 U CN 200920061610U CN 201497732 U CN201497732 U CN 201497732U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
block
piece
piezoelectric chip
shell
entrant sound
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009200616107U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张春雷
马庆增
胡平
卢方龙
Original Assignee
广东电网公司电力科学研究院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广东电网公司电力科学研究院 filed Critical 广东电网公司电力科学研究院
Priority to CN2009200616107U priority Critical patent/CN201497732U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201497732U publication Critical patent/CN201497732U/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model provides an ultrasonic guided wave transducer with an adjustable incidence angle, so as to realize ultrasonic wave detection of whole utility boiler small diameter tubes of various sizes on a relatively small contact surface. The piezoelectric chip of the transducer is fixedly bonded on a slide block; the slide block can move along the cambered surface of an acoustically transparent wedge block; the acoustically transparent wedge block is matched with a matching block, so that ultrasonic waves are transmitted in straight lines in synthetic glass before being transmitted to a tube to be detected; and the incidence points of the ultrasonic waves fall on symmetric points on the circular arc inner surface on the matching block rightly. By adjusting the incidence angles of the ultrasonic waves, incident ultrasonic waves are refracted on the outer interface of a small diameter tube to be detected, and a regular polygon ultrasonic propagation passages is formed in metal media; and under no defect condition, the ultrasonic waves return to the transducer at the incidence points by taking the periphery of the regular polygon as a single sound path, and then are received. The utility model solves the technically difficult problem that comprehensive detection of the tube panel on a heat-absorbing surface can not be conducted by adopting ultrasonic wave technique on an installation site.

Description

The circumferential wave guide energy converter that a kind of incident angle is adjustable
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of nondestructive examination transducer, especially relates to the adjustable circumferential ultrasonic guided wave energy exchange device of a kind of incident angle, realizes the ultrasound examination to whole pipe of plurality of specifications station boiler small diameter tube on less surface of contact.
Background technology
The composition structure of existing ultrasonic guided wave energy exchange device mainly contains 2 kinds: (1) is a kind of to be the single transducer structure.Comprise piezoelectric chip and cylindrical organic glass sound voussoir, its principle of work is provided with the probe supersonic guide-wave reflection circle conical surface for the end at cylindrical organic glass sound voussoir, the suitable external diameter of internal diameter of employing and tested pipeline, and its essence is detection with transversal waves.Each transducer can only be applicable to that the pipe of a certain fixedly specification detects, and bigger detection blind area is arranged.(2) a kind of is transducer array, adopts a plurality of transducers to form array.Its advantage is to launch the supersonic guide-wave of various modes, but only is applicable to the detection of the pressure pipeline that caliber is bigger.
Heating surface pipes such as economizer, water-cooling wall, superheater and reheater (being called for short " four main tubes of boiler "), be the very important high-temperature bearing parts of station boiler, the leakage that the improper stoppage in transit reason of unit about 70% is a four main tubes of boiler, therefore heating surface being tested is the important means that power industry guarantees the unit safety reliability service.The characteristics of heating surface tube are the path thin-walleds, when forming tube panel, because its tube pitch is very little, its area that can place detecting sensor is very little, sonac can only move at 1/3 circumference, therefore utilizes common sonac to be difficult to the heating surface tube panel is comprehensively checked in the erecting stage.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model, just provide a kind of incident angle adjustable, on less surface of contact, realize circumferential ultrasonic guided wave energy exchange device to whole pipe nondestructive examination of plurality of specifications path thin walled tube.
For achieving the above object, the circumferential wave guide energy converter that incident angle of the present utility model is adjustable is characterized in that comprising:
One piezoelectric chip slipping block, by the piezoelectric chip upper surface that is connected to the transducer signal line be bonded with the backing damping block, lower surface is bonded with plexiglass block and constitutes, the lower surface of plexiglass block is the indent face of cylinder, the backing damping block is provided with knob or handle;
One entrant sound is carved piece, and upper surface is the face of cylinder that adapts to the indent face of cylinder of piezoelectric chip slipping block lower surface, upper surface vertically subdivision half be shiny surface, second half is provided with sound trap;
One match block, it is releasable connection that its end face and entrant sound are carved the piece bottom surface, the bottom surface is the face of cylinder that cooperates with detected outer tube surface, the cylinder upper surface axis that this cylinder bottom surface and entrant sound are carved piece in the same way, and its peak is the center of circle that entrant sound is carved the piece cylinder, guarantee ultrasound wave before importing tested pipe into, in organic glass, be rectilinear propagation, and its incidence point just in time drops on the peak of match block circular arc inside surface;
One shell has elongated hole on the shell face, allows the knob of piezoelectric chip slipping block or handle stretch out, and conveniently moves the piezoelectric chip slipping block with hand and moves along elongated hole.
On the basis of the above, the utility model can also be done further to improve and improve:
Be provided with face of cylinder pad, cushion from top to bottom on the described piezoelectric chip slipping block backing damping block; Making the piezoelectric chip slipping block can overlay in entrant sound carves on the piece upper surface.
Perforate on the described shell shell face is the horizontal long arc-shaped holes on end face; Described backing damping block is provided with handle and passes the horizontal slotted hole of shell, can only carve on the piece shiny surface in entrant sound when making the slippage of piezoelectric chip slipping block and move.
Two relative side is provided with knob and passes the horizontal slotted hole of shell on the described backing damping block.
Described sound trap is surperficial indention shape or zigzag fashion and adds the attaching acoustic absorbant.
Described entrant sound carves piece and match block can be made of one.
Described shell is made up of interior cover, last cover and clamping swivel nut.
Beneficial effect: because piezoelectric chip slipping block of the present utility model can slide on entrant sound is carved the periphery of piece, entrant sound is carved piece and is cooperated with match block, make ultrasound wave before importing tested pipe into, in organic glass, be rectilinear propagation, and its incidence point just in time drops on the peak of match block circular arc inside surface, and match block lower surface shape is corresponding with the periphery cambered surface of tested pipe.By regulating the ultrasound wave incident angle, make the incident ultrasound wave on the outer boundary of measured small diameter tube (power station boiler four-tube is main), produce refraction, in metal medium, form the ultrasonic propagation passage of regular polygon, under trouble-free state, ultrasound wave is that the monophone journey returns transducer at incidence point with the regular polygon girth, and is received.In actual the use, only need this transducer to move about 1/5 or 1/4 girth, can realize the whole circumferential quality testing of heating surface at outer tube surface.The utility model has solved and can't adopt ultrasonic technology the heating surface tube panel to be carried out the technical barrier of complete detection in the erecting stage.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is a design concept synoptic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the stereoscopic synoptic diagram of the utility model embodiment one;
Fig. 3 is the three-dimensional cross-sectional schematic of embodiment one shown in Figure 2;
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional schematic of embodiment one shown in Figure 2;
Fig. 5 is that the entrant sound of embodiment one shown in Figure 2 is carved the piece schematic top plan view;
Fig. 6 is that the master of the utility model embodiment two looks synoptic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional schematic of embodiment two shown in Figure 6;
Fig. 8 is the schematic top plan view of embodiment two shown in Figure 6;
Fig. 9 is the piezoelectric chip slipping block enlarged diagram of embodiment two shown in Figure 6.
Among the figure: 1-piezoelectric chip slipping block, 102-piezoelectric chip, 103-backing damping block, the 104-plexiglass block, 105-handle or knob, 106-cushion, 107-cylinder pad, the 2-entrant sound is carved piece, 201-sound trap, the 3-match block, 301-web member, 4-shell, cover in the horizontal slotted hole of 401-, 402-, the last cover of 403-, 404-clamps swivel nut, the tested steel pipe of 5-.
Embodiment
Figure 1 shows that design concept of the present utility model, utilize the organic glass of having piezoelectric chip in the transducer to carve piece, in wide range, regulate the ultrasound wave incident angle, and with the acting in conjunction of match block, make the incident ultrasound wave on the outer boundary of measured small diameter tube (power station boiler four-tube is main), produce refraction, in metal medium, form the ultrasonic propagation passage of regular polygon, under trouble-free state, ultrasound wave is that the monophone journey returns transducer at incidence point with the regular polygon girth, and is received.
Can see that from Fig. 2 to Fig. 5 the circumferential wave guide energy converter embodiment one that incident angle of the present utility model is adjustable comprises:
One piezoelectric chip slipping block 1, by piezoelectric chip 102 upper surfaces that are connected to the transducer signal line be bonded with backing damping block 103, lower surface is bonded with plexiglass block 104 and constitutes, the lower surface of plexiglass block 104 is the indent face of cylinder, and the backing damping block is provided with handle 105.
One entrant sound is carved piece 2, upper surface is the face of cylinder that adapts to the indent face of cylinder of piezoelectric chip slipping block lower surface, upper surface vertically subdivision half be shiny surface, second half is provided with sound trap 201, referring to Fig. 5, the sound trap of present embodiment is surperficial indention shape.
One match block 3, the match block 3 and the entrant sound of present embodiment are carved piece 2 and have been made one, match block 3 bottom surfaces are the face of cylinder that cooperates with detected pipe 5 outside surfaces, this bottom surface and entrant sound are carved the piece upper surface and are the out-of-alignment face of cylinder in the same way, and the diaxon axial line distance equals detected pipe radius, also promptly this bottom surface and entrant sound are carved the piece upper surface in the same way, and its peak is the center of circle that entrant sound is carved the piece cylinder, as shown in Figure 4, so just can guarantee that ultrasound wave is before importing tested pipe into, in organic glass, be rectilinear propagation, and its incidence point just in time drops on the peak on the indent face of cylinder of match block 3.
One shell 4, by cover 402 in columniform, on overlap 403 and clamp swivel nut 404 and forms, interior cover, go up cover and be installed in the match block 3 of having made one and carve outside the piece 2 with entrant sound, in overlapping in last cover is clipped in and upward overlapping, on overlap and have horizontal long arc-shaped holes 401 on the end face.
On piezoelectric chip slipping block backing damping block, be provided with face of cylinder pad 107, cushion 106 from top to bottom; Handle 105 passes face of cylinder pad 107, cushion 106, makes the piezoelectric chip slipping block can overlay in entrant sound and carves on the piece upper surface.
Handle 105 on the backing damping block passes the horizontal slotted hole of shell at last, makes can only to carve on the piece shiny surface in entrant sound when moving the piezoelectric chip slipping block with hand laterally to move, and regulates incident angle.
Fig. 6 is with the precedent difference to embodiment of the present utility model two shown in Figure 9: shell 4 adds the end face that seal front and back for cylindrical shell, and the perforate on the shell face is out the corresponding laterally long arc-shaped holes in both ends of the surface; Two relative side is provided with knob and passes the horizontal slotted hole of shell on the backing damping block.
Entrant sound is carved piece, and half is shiny surface, second half is provided with sound trap, purpose is to prevent that ultrasound wave part acoustic energy is after entrant sound is carved piece and match block border (incidence point) last reflection, repeatedly reflection in organic glass, turning back to wafer is accepted, strengthen exomonental width, form fixing interference noise.The sound trap adopts zigzag fashion, can also attach methods such as acoustic absorbant on serrated face, guarantees to sponge this part acoustic energy by the sound trap;
The radius on the organic glass lower surface indent face of cylinder must be carved the consistent of piece with entrant sound, in application, can be by regulating knob, and the cambered surface that makes piezoelectric chip slipping block 1 carve piece 2 in entrant sound is slided, thereby regulates the incident angle of ultrasonic beam.
The face of cylinder of match block 3 is carved piece with entrant sound and is cooperated, the sound pulse that guarantees the piezoelectric chip emission arrives the peak of the incidence point of tested pipe at the match block intrados, also guarantees that ultrasound wave is always a fixed value (entrant sound is carved the arc radius of piece) at the sound path that match block 3 and entrant sound are carved in the piece before the tested pipe of incident when incident angle is regulated simultaneously.
Select suitable piezoelectric, can guarantee the high sensitivity and the broadband of transducer, choose the burst pulse that the close preceding matching layer of suitable backing and acoustic impedance guarantees transducer, to obtain high resolution.
The frequency of transducer is decided by the thickness of wafer, in order to make the transducer of suitable frequency, must adjust the thickness of wafer.To suitable thickness, it is according to being that to make piezoelectric chip thickness be half-wavelength the thick wafer hand lapping of low frequency.Grind and plate silver layer on the two sides of wafer again after suitable and make electrode.
The acoustic impedance of backing damping block has crucial effects to the bandwidth and the pulse width of transducer.Suppose that thickness of adhibited layer is zero, when the acoustic impedance of piezoelectric chip and backing acoustic impedance equated, the backward radiation of piezoelectric chip all propagated into backing, and backing all absorbs the backward radiation of wafer, and this moment, the transponder pulse of transducer was the narrowest.
When backing is made, after tungsten powder and epoxy resin prepared according to a certain percentage, under noncondensing situation, be poured into chlamydate chip back surface.During cast, at the contact layer of backing and wafer bubble can not be arranged, heating goes out bubble train while pouring into a mould.Behind the casting complete, the semi-manufacture probe is placed in the baking oven 80 ℃ of bakings of constant temperature 3-4 hour.
Transducer adopts adhering with epoxy resin, because the acoustic impedance of epoxy resin is very low, differs greatly with the acoustic impedance of wafer, diaphragm and backing, and its thickness has a significant impact the performance of transducer.When thickness of adhibited layer reached 1/400 left and right sides of wavelength, its influence roughly can be ignored.
Entrant sound is carved piece and is cooperated with match block, guarantees ultrasound wave before importing tested workpiece into, be rectilinear propagation in organic glass, and its incidence point just in time drops on the peak of match block circular arc inside surface.
Match block mainly designs and produces according to the curvature of detected pipe, the non-single structure of match block, can be designed to the structure that is convenient for changing of series according to ideal format heating surface (various small diameter tubes such as water-cooling wall, economizer, superheater, the reheater) specification (Φ 51-Φ 63.5) of power station pipe.
The match block one side can fit like a glove with detected pipe cambered surface; One side can mount and dismount easily with the saturating layer of transducer sound in addition.
The acoustic impedance requirement.Adopt the organic glass identical with the transducer acoustic window material.
The match block both sides are provided with bolt fastening structure, and it cooperates with bolt arrangement on the transducer metal shell, makes things convenient for its dismounting in application.

Claims (7)

1. circumferential wave guide energy converter that incident angle is adjustable is characterized in that comprising:
One piezoelectric chip slipping block, by the piezoelectric chip upper surface that is connected to the transducer signal line be bonded with the backing damping block, lower surface is bonded with plexiglass block and constitutes, the lower surface of plexiglass block is the indent face of cylinder, the backing damping block is provided with knob or handle;
One entrant sound is carved piece, and upper surface is the face of cylinder that adapts to the indent face of cylinder of piezoelectric chip slipping block lower surface, upper surface vertically subdivision half be shiny surface, second half is provided with sound trap;
One match block, it is releasable connection that its end face and entrant sound are carved the piece bottom surface, the bottom surface is the face of cylinder that cooperates with detected outer tube surface, this bottom surface and entrant sound are carved the piece upper surface in the same way, and its peak is the center of circle that entrant sound is carved the piece cylinder, guarantee ultrasound wave before importing tested pipe into, in organic glass, be rectilinear propagation, and its incidence point just in time drops on the peak of match block circular arc inside surface;
Described plexiglass block, entrant sound carve piece and match block adopts the homogeneity organic glass;
One shell has elongated hole on the shell face, allows the knob of piezoelectric chip slipping block or handle stretch out, and conveniently moves the piezoelectric chip slipping block with hand and moves along elongated hole.
2. the adjustable circumferential wave guide energy converter of incident angle according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with face of cylinder pad, cushion from top to bottom on the described piezoelectric chip slipping block backing damping block; Making the piezoelectric chip slipping block can overlay in entrant sound carves on the piece upper surface.
3. the adjustable circumferential wave guide energy converter of incident angle according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the perforate on the described shell shell face is the horizontal long arc-shaped holes on end face; Described backing damping block is provided with handle and passes the horizontal slotted hole of shell, can only carve on the piece shiny surface in entrant sound when making the slippage of piezoelectric chip slipping block and move.
4. the adjustable circumferential wave guide energy converter of incident angle according to claim 2 is characterized in that: two relative side is provided with knob and passes the horizontal slotted hole of shell on the described backing damping block.
5. according to claim 3 or the adjustable circumferential wave guide energy converter of 4 described incident angles, it is characterized in that: described sound trap is surperficial indention shape or zigzag fashion and adds the attaching acoustic absorbant.
6. the adjustable circumferential wave guide energy converter of incident angle according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described entrant sound carves piece and match block can be made of one.
7. the adjustable circumferential wave guide energy converter of incident angle according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described shell is made up of interior cover, last cover and clamping swivel nut.
CN2009200616107U 2009-07-31 2009-07-31 Ultrasonic guided wave transducer with adjustable incidence angle CN201497732U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200616107U CN201497732U (en) 2009-07-31 2009-07-31 Ultrasonic guided wave transducer with adjustable incidence angle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200616107U CN201497732U (en) 2009-07-31 2009-07-31 Ultrasonic guided wave transducer with adjustable incidence angle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201497732U true CN201497732U (en) 2010-06-02

Family

ID=42440936

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009200616107U CN201497732U (en) 2009-07-31 2009-07-31 Ultrasonic guided wave transducer with adjustable incidence angle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201497732U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103454350A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-18 中国石油大学(华东) Waveguide rod fixing device for acoustic emission inspection of pipeline
CN104280463A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-14 天津大学 Ultrasonic detection wedge block
CN106323444A (en) * 2016-09-13 2017-01-11 西北大学 Inclined optical fiber grating ultrasonic sensor

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103454350A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-18 中国石油大学(华东) Waveguide rod fixing device for acoustic emission inspection of pipeline
CN103454350B (en) * 2013-09-13 2015-06-24 中国石油大学(华东) Waveguide rod fixing device for acoustic emission inspection of pipeline
CN104280463A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-14 天津大学 Ultrasonic detection wedge block
CN106323444A (en) * 2016-09-13 2017-01-11 西北大学 Inclined optical fiber grating ultrasonic sensor

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5515733A (en) Ultrasonic transducer system with crosstalk isolation
CN1103449C (en) Super sonic flaw detection method for steel rail, probe roller and detecting device therefor
US5962790A (en) Ultrasonic path bundle and systems
EP2162666B1 (en) Boiler tube inspection probe with centering mechanism and method of operating the same
CN101460838B (en) Supersonic probe, supersonic probing method and supersonic flaw detection device
CA2667806C (en) Ultrasonic inspection probe carrier system for performing nondestructive testing
US6047602A (en) Ultrasonic buffer/waveguide
CA2379108C (en) Method and device for inspecting pipelines
CN101726541B (en) Power station thick-walled pipeline ultrasonic guided wave detecting method
EP2386661B1 (en) System and method for laser shock peening
CN1725019B (en) Clamp type doppler ultrasonic flow rate distribution instrument
US5392652A (en) Method and apparatus for inspection of metal objects utilizing variable angle ultrasonic transducer
US6343511B1 (en) Ultrasonic path bundle and systems
CN103245454B (en) Non-intrusive pipeline real-time monitoring, prewarning and fault locating method
KR101804484B1 (en) Sensor device and residual stress detection system employing same
CN102175766B (en) On-line detection system and detection method for pipe (bar) ultrasonic phased array
CN103842779B (en) Ultrasonic flowmeter
CA2619824C (en) Ultrasonic probe, ultrasonic testing equipment, ultrasonic testing method, and manufacturing method of seamless pipe or tube
US20080314154A1 (en) Method, Apparatus And System For Inspecting A Workpiece Having A Curved Surface
JP6114778B2 (en) Method for determining the cold side cracking of a boiler tube and apparatus for achieving the method
CN101639463B (en) Locomotive car wheel fault detecting device based on phased array probe
CA2459255A1 (en) Pipeline inspection pigs
US10527588B2 (en) Immersion-type ultrasound flaw detection device and ultrasound flaw detection system
US9689727B2 (en) Ultrasonic flow meter
CN100483069C (en) Detecting device and method for pipeline wall thickness

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20100602

Effective date of abandoning: 20090731