CN201294466Y - Complementary system for heat pump boiler and solar power generation - Google Patents

Complementary system for heat pump boiler and solar power generation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201294466Y
CN201294466Y CNU2008202030637U CN200820203063U CN201294466Y CN 201294466 Y CN201294466 Y CN 201294466Y CN U2008202030637 U CNU2008202030637 U CN U2008202030637U CN 200820203063 U CN200820203063 U CN 200820203063U CN 201294466 Y CN201294466 Y CN 201294466Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat pump
pump boiler
solar
solar panel
heat
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008202030637U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王北宁
李晟
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Zhuhai Singyes Renewable Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Zhuhai Singyes Renewable Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CNU2008202030637U priority Critical patent/CN201294466Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The utility model relates to a generating complementary system of a heat pump boiler and solar energy, which is applied on the development and the utilization of solar energy and air heat energy. The generating complementary system of a heat pump boiler and solar energy combines a solar generating system and a heat pump boiler system, utilizes the heat collecting effect of a solar panel in the solar generating system to improve the temperate of the cooling end of the heat pump boiler system, thereby improving the efficiency of generating hot water and vapor of the heat pump boiler system, simultaneously, the heat pump boiler system pumps heat on the solar panel in the solar generating system, thereby reducing the temperature of the solar panel, and improving the generating efficiency of the solar panel. The generating complementary system of a heat pump boiler and solar energy solves the problem that the generating efficiency of the solar panel is reduced due to the temperature rise which is caused by the heat collecting function of the solar panel, and also solves the problem that the heat pump boiler system has low efficiency due to very low temperature of the environment.

Description

Heat pump boiler and solar power generation complementary system
Affiliated technical field
The utility model system applies is in the development and utilization of solar energy and air heat energy.Belong to exploitation of new source and energy-saving and emission-reduction field.
Background technology
As everyone knows, electric energy is the most handy energy on the present earth, can convert heat energy, luminous energy or the like various forms easily to and use for human.And it is very huge to be radiated at tellurian solar energy, and solar power generation has does not have characteristics such as exhausted, nuisanceless, that resource allocation is extensive, more and more is widely used as a novel energy.
But comparatively the transformation efficiency of the cost of Ang Gui solar panel and lower solar energy has seriously restricted the promotion and application of solar power system.
Temperature is very big to the influence of the generating efficiency of solar panel, and now a lot of solar power stations all be that method such as employing ventilation is handled to the temperature control of solar panel, have little effect.Solar panel is in generating, and it is fast that temperature rises nice and high, and the generating efficiency of solar panel is reduced greatly.
In winter, when solar panel when accumulated snow occurring, sunlight can't shine on the solar panel, the solar power station generating will be subjected to very big influential.Have only at present solar panel is oppositely switched on, the mode of heating solar cell panel removes the snow.Chu Xue efficient is very low like this, and has wasted a large amount of energy.
That air source heat pump system has is energy-conservation, zero pollution, zero discharge, characteristics such as not affected by environment, is considered to substitute the best device of steam generator system.Be widely used in the place of factory, hotel or the like needs with boiler heat supplying water, steam.And ambient temperature is very big to the operating efficiency influence of air source heat pump, and energy-saving effect reduced greatly when ambient temperature was low.
Summary of the invention
System is made up of two major parts, and one is a solar power system, and it two is the heat pump boiler system.Main purpose is to increase solar energy generating efficiency, reduces the cost of solar power generation; Utilize the thermal-arrest of solar panel to be used for improving the efficient that the heat pump boiler system produces hot water or steam in passing.
Constituted the bindiny mechanism that is connected two big systems by the heat exchanger of Solar panel backside, cold water storage tank, water pump and the pipeline that links with it.Under the effect of water pump, the flow through heat exchanger of Solar panel backside of cold water in the cold water storage tank, after having absorbed the heat that the thermal-arrest effect of solar panel produces, flow of hot water gets back in the cold water storage tank, so just finished once the water-cooled circulation to solar panel.
The heat pump boiler system is extracted into the heat in the cold water storage tank in the hot water storage tank, and the water in the heat hot water storage tank makes water temperature reach the needs of people's productive life.
Heat pump boiler and solar power generation complementary system improve the cold junction temperature of heat pump boiler system by the thermal-arrest effect of solar panel, thereby have improved the efficient of heat pump boiler system generation hot water and steam; The heat pump boiler system takes the heat on the solar panel away reduced solar panel temperature simultaneously, has improved the generating efficiency of solar panel.Both solved because the problem that the generating efficiency that the thermal-arrest effect of solar panel is risen temperature causes solar panel descends has solved the heat pump boiler system again because the low excessively ineffective problem that causes of ambient temperature.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples native system is further specified: accompanying drawing is heat pump boiler and solar power generation complementary system structure principle chart.Among the figure, (1) is solar panel, and (2) are inverter or controller, (3) be heat exchanger, (4) be compressor assembly, (5) are cold water storage tanks, and (6) are evaporators, (7) be hot water storage tank, (8) be condenser, (9) are water pumps, and (10) are to use electric unit, (11) be the running water inlet, (12) are user's hot water outlets.
Heat exchanger (3) is equipped with at the back side of every solar panel (1). By the such solar panel of polylith (1) warp Series and parallel forms photovoltaic array and inverter or controller (2) and forms together solar power system. Solar-electricity The electric energy that the pond array produces converts the convenient electric energy that uses of user to by inverter or controller (2) and delivers to the electricity consumption list Position (10).
By heat exchanger (3), cold water storage tank (5), the water pump (9) at solar panel (1) back side and the pipeline that links with it Consist of the bindiny mechanism that connects two big systems, finished the Water-cooling circulating that solar panel (1) is cooled off.
The heat pump boiler system is by compressor assembly (4), cold water storage tank (5), evaporimeter (6), hot water storage tank (7), condenser (8) form. The effect of heat pump boiler system is to utilize compressor assembly (4) heat pump effect, absorbs cold by evaporimeter (6) The heat of water in the water storage tank (5) adds the water of hot water storage tank (7) again by condenser (8). The control of heat pump boiler system Device can be according to the water temperature in user's the needs adjusting hot water storage tanks (7); Thereby make the user can obtain the hot water of ideal temperature Or steam.
Cause the thermal-arrest effect of solar panel (1) little when solar radiation quantity reduces, perhaps people are to hot water or steam Be in great demand the time, it is required that the heat that the effect of solar cell thermal-arrest produces can not satisfy people, heat pump boiler System can drop to the water temperature in the cold water storage tank (5) below the environment temperature, the water in the solar panel of flowing through like this (1) Temperature is lower than environment temperature, and solar panel (1) will produce heat exchange with its ambient air. Airborne heat energy quilt System absorbs, and finally also is converted into the heat energy in the water of hot water storage tank (7).
When there was accumulated snow on the surface of solar panel (1), controlled compressor assembly processed (4) inverted running utilized the heat storage The quick snow melting of heat of water in the water tank (7). Because solar panel (1) has certain inclination angle when mounted, as long as The snow melting on cell panel surface, under action of gravitation, accumulated snow is easy to along the surface of solar panel (1) sliding Fall. Greatly saved snow removing institute energy requirement.
Therefore, heat pump boiler and solar power generation complementary system integrate the advantage of solar power system and air source heat pump boiler system, when utilizing solar radiation to arrive ground energy to greatest extent, it is big to have replaced energy consumption again, and produces a large amount of air-polluting fuel boiler system.
Specific embodiments
One hotel is for example arranged, and the roof area is 1200 square metres, and available length * wide is 635mm * 500 small-sized solar power plants of forming a 20KW of 2490mm non-crystal silicon solar cell plate.Select for use different capacity that the size of heat pump boiler system and cold water storage tank, hot water storage tank is arranged according to the size of user's water consumption.
1, plate-type exchanger is installed in the back side of solar panel;
2, set up the 20KW solar power plant by the common solar power station mode of building a station;
3, select suitable position to install cold water storage tank, hot water storage tank and heat pump boiler system;
4, the heat exchanger water inlet end with the solar panel sub-assembly back side all couples together, and converges into a house steward and links to each other with the water side of water pump;
5, the water inlet end with water pump links to each other with the water side of cold water storage tank;
6, the heat exchanger water side with the solar panel sub-assembly back side all couples together.Converging into a house steward links to each other with the water inlet end of cold water storage tank;
7, the connection water pipe in above-mentioned the 3rd, 4,5 steps is wrapped up with insulation material, and it is architectural to be fixed on flooring;
8, the evaporator of heat pump boiler system is packed in the cold water storage tank and insert the heat pump boiler system.Wrap up with the insulation material junction;
9, the condenser of heat pump boiler system is packed in the hot water storage tank and insert the heat pump boiler system.Wrap up with the insulation material junction;
10, connect liquid level sensor and control unit in temperature sensor, the water tank;
11, the running water inlet with hot water storage tank inserts water supply pipe, and user's hot water outlet is received the user and used water inlet;
12, confirm all connect errorless after.Inject about 80% clear water of its volume respectively in cold water storage tank and the hot water storage tank, and the water yield to guarantee that evaporator and condenser all immerse in the water.

Claims (1)

1. heat pump boiler and solar power generation complementary system.It is characterized in that: the back side at solar panel increases heat exchanger, links to each other by the water storage tank of water pump with the cold junction of heat pump boiler, forms cooling water recirculation system.
CNU2008202030637U 2008-11-10 2008-11-10 Complementary system for heat pump boiler and solar power generation Expired - Fee Related CN201294466Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202030637U CN201294466Y (en) 2008-11-10 2008-11-10 Complementary system for heat pump boiler and solar power generation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202030637U CN201294466Y (en) 2008-11-10 2008-11-10 Complementary system for heat pump boiler and solar power generation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201294466Y true CN201294466Y (en) 2009-08-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008202030637U Expired - Fee Related CN201294466Y (en) 2008-11-10 2008-11-10 Complementary system for heat pump boiler and solar power generation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102635980A (en) * 2012-05-07 2012-08-15 上海理工大学 Solar photovoltaic heat pump system
CN106100575A (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-09 李东潱 Combined type solar heat system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102635980A (en) * 2012-05-07 2012-08-15 上海理工大学 Solar photovoltaic heat pump system
CN102635980B (en) * 2012-05-07 2014-03-26 上海理工大学 Solar photovoltaic heat pump system
CN106100575A (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-09 李东潱 Combined type solar heat system

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Addressee: Zhuhai Singyes Renewable Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090819

Termination date: 20171110