CN201221724Y - 分布式风光互补路灯系统 - Google Patents

分布式风光互补路灯系统 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201221724Y
CN201221724Y CNU2008200500074U CN200820050007U CN201221724Y CN 201221724 Y CN201221724 Y CN 201221724Y CN U2008200500074 U CNU2008200500074 U CN U2008200500074U CN 200820050007 U CN200820050007 U CN 200820050007U CN 201221724 Y CN201221724 Y CN 201221724Y
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wind
light complementary
road lamp
complementary road
light
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胡大林
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GUANGZHOU HY ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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GUANGZHOU HONGYING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

一种分布式风光互补路灯系统括两个或两个以上的风光互补路灯,所述风光互补路灯包括小型风力发电机、太阳能电池组件、灯杆、灯具、控制器、蓄电池、连接导线,控制器设有电能调配系统和控制信号输入输出单元,其特征在于:所述每个风光互补路灯通过连接导线相互连接,所述连接导线为传输电能或传递控制信号的连接导线。本实用新型的每个风光互补路灯既独立工作,又通过连接导线相互连接,进行能源平衡和传递控制信号,并且成本低、安装简单、可靠性高,可完全使用绿色能源进行工作。

Description

分布式风光互补路灯系统技术领域本实用新型涉及一种分布式风光互补路灯系统。 背景技术随着全球经济的发展和人口的增长,人类正面临着能源利用和环境保 护两方面的压力。绿色能源的开发使用变的越来越重要,在绿色能源的利 用方面,小型风力发电机以其价格低廉、安装简单、对环境要求低等特点 获得了广泛的应用。风光互补路灯就是小型风力发电机应用的一个典型案例。由小型风力发电机、太阳能电池、控制器、蓄电池、灯杆、灯具组成的一个独立路灯,解决了常规路灯需要变配电设备和电缆的问题,同时完全使用绿色能源,且不受电网安全的影响。但独立运行的风光互补路灯受资源的影响较大,由于地表风力资源和 太阳能资源的不确定性,在设计上一般采用加大系统配置的方法来保证在 风光资源不足时路灯的正常工作,这势必加大系统的成本,且并不能完全 达到效果。另外,由于各路灯是完全独立的控制,因此难以保证用户对路 灯开关时间一致性的要求。发明内容本实用新型的目的就是提供一种成本低、安装简单、可靠性高,可完 全使用绿色能源的分布式风光互补路灯系统。为实现上述目的,本实用新型包括两个或两个以上的风光互补路灯, 所述风光互补路灯包括小型风力发电机、太阳能电池组件、灯杆、灯具、控制器、蓄电池、连接导线,控制器设有电能调配系统和控制信号输入输 出单元,其特征在于:所述每个风光互补路灯通过连接导线相互连接,所 述连接导线为传输电能或传递控制信号的连接导线。作为改进,所述每个风光互补路灯以串联的方式相互连接。 作为另一种改进,所述每个风光互补路灯以并联的方式相互连接。 作为进一步改进,所述每个风光互补路灯以串联和并联的方式相互连接。作为具体化,所述每个风光互补路灯的控制器通过连接导线相互连接。 作为具体化,所述蓄电池和控制器设置在灯杆下方的地下。 与现有技术相比,本实用新型的分布式风光互补路灯系统是将过去的独立运行的风光互补路灯通过连接导线连接成网,形成由多个分布式能源供应点的路灯系统。它具有以下优点:1、 有效的降低系统造价和维护成本。独立运行的风光互补路灯受地形地貌、建筑物、树木等物体的影响较大,为保证必要的供电量,目前的办 法是加大蓄电池的容量和增加太阳能电池的功率,但这两部件的价格都比 较高,尤其是蓄电池还是寿命比较短的消耗件,这势必增加系统造价和维 护成本。因而充分依靠风力发电的优势才是解决问题的关键,但地面十米 高度的风力资源具有很大的不确定性,相距十米,风力很可能完全不一样。 根据风力资源在一个局部范围内符合概率特性,通过将局部范围内的风力 发电机连网,使得单个的风力发电机和太阳能电池组件形成共享的能源网, 实现路灯完全依靠风电能源和太阳能能源进行工作,并且这样才有效降低 了造价,以合适规模化的建设路灯系统。2、 提高路灯系统的可靠性。对于一条道路的路灯,要求有一致性,甚 至开关灯都必须同时。而独立运行的风光互补路灯相互没有联系,很难做到开关灯的一致性,同时一个路灯的故障将影响整条路的照明效果。通过 联网,则很容易实现同时开关的一致性,并且局部路灯的风力发电机或太 阳能电池故障可以通过其他的风力发电机和太阳能电池产生的能量进行调 配,降低个别路灯不亮的概率。附图说明图1为本实用新型第一实施方式结构示意图图2为本实用新型第二实施方式结构示意图具体实施方式下面结合附图和实施例对本实用新型进一步说明。如图1和图2所示,本实用新型包括两个或两个以上的风光互补路灯, 风光互补路灯由小型风力发电机2、太阳能电池组件3、灯杆4、灯具5、 控制器6、蓄电池7、连接导线8组成;控制器6设有电能调配系统和控制 信号输入输出单元;蓄电池7和控制器6设置在灯杆4下方的地下。实施例1如图1所示,每个风光互补路灯的控制器6通过连接导线8以串联的 方式相互连接。系统处于工作状态时,每个路灯的控制器6先检査自己的 蓄电池7电量,如果电量不足,则将小型风力发电机2和太阳能电池组件3 产生的电量用'于对蓄电池7进行充电;如果小型风力发电机2和太阳能电 池组件3产生的电量不足,则控制器6检査连接导线8上是否有额定电压, 如果有,则同时从连接导线8上取电对蓄电池7充电。如果蓄电池7电压 已达饱和,则将小型风力发电机2和太阳能电池组件3所产生的电能反送 连接导线8。如果连接导线8上的电压超出了保护电压,则控制小型风力发电机2和太阳能电池组件3进入保护状态,停止发电。在开关路灯时,控制器6在自身时钟到达预定开灯时间后,先向连接 上发送一次开灯信号,在接收到三次开灯信号后,打开自身路灯,关灯控 制也是同理实现。实施例2如图2所示,每个风光互补路灯的控制器6通过连接导线8以并联的 方式相互连接。系统处于工作状态时,其工作原理同实施例l。 在开关路灯时,其工作原理同实施例l。本实用新型的每个风光互补路灯既独立工作,又通过连接导线相互连 接,进行能源平衡和传递控制信号,并且成本低、安装简单、可靠性高, 可完全使用绿色能源进行工作。

Claims (6)

1、一种分布式风光互补路灯系统,包括两个或两个以上的风光互补路灯,所述风光互补路灯包括小型风力发电机、太阳能电池组件、灯杆、灯具、控制器、蓄电池、连接导线,控制器设有电能调配系统和控制信号输入输出单元,其特征在于:所述每个风光互补路灯通过连接导线相互连接,所述连接导线为传输电能或传递控制信号的连接导线。
2、 如权利要求1所述的分布式风光互补路灯系统,其特征在于:所述每 个风光互补路灯以串联的方式相互连接。
3、 如权利要求2所述的分布式风光互补路灯系统,其特征在于:所述每 个风光互补路灯以并联的方式相互连接。
4、 如权利要求3所述的分布式风光互补路灯系统,其特征在于:所述每 个风光互补路灯以串联和并联的方式相互连接。
5、 如权利要求1至4任一项所述的分布式风光互补路灯系统,其特征在 于:所述每个风光互补路灯的控制器通过连接导线相互连接。
6、 如权利要求5所述的风光互补分布式供电系统,其特征在于:所述蓄 电池和控制器设置在灯杆下方的地下。
CNU2008200500074U 2008-07-01 2008-07-01 分布式风光互补路灯系统 Expired - Lifetime CN201221724Y (zh)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103476187A (zh) * 2013-09-30 2013-12-25 福州大学 一种隧道led照明的调光装置与调光方法
CN103499063A (zh) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-08 王震亚 一种利用太阳能的道路节电系统

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103476187A (zh) * 2013-09-30 2013-12-25 福州大学 一种隧道led照明的调光装置与调光方法
CN103476187B (zh) * 2013-09-30 2015-07-22 福州大学 一种隧道led照明的调光装置与调光方法
CN103499063A (zh) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-08 王震亚 一种利用太阳能的道路节电系统

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