CN201012430Y - Miniature high-speed inertia friction-welding machine - Google Patents

Miniature high-speed inertia friction-welding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201012430Y
CN201012430Y CNU2007200312028U CN200720031202U CN201012430Y CN 201012430 Y CN201012430 Y CN 201012430Y CN U2007200312028 U CNU2007200312028 U CN U2007200312028U CN 200720031202 U CN200720031202 U CN 200720031202U CN 201012430 Y CN201012430 Y CN 201012430Y
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China
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welding machine
main shaft
miniature
speed
male splined
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CNU2007200312028U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田俊辉
段立宇
王文斌
时渭清
杜生辉
汤积成
畅智文
杨杰
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西安固本科技实业有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a mini high-speed inertial friction welding machine. The welding machine cancels all intermediate transmission procedures and is provided with the advantage of the high rotation speed, the concise structure, easiness for balance, the high transmission efficiency, the quick response, the small vibration, the little noise and so on. Thus, the inertial welding machine becomes a mini and high speed machine. The utility model comprises a principal axis of the welding machine arranged at a lath bed. A working slide unit is connected with a thrust oil cylinder. An electric principal axis is connected with the principal axis of the welding machine and a flywheel arranged at the principal axis of the welding machine via an electromagnetic clutch. A rotating clamp is connected with the principal axis of the welding machine. A moving clamp is arranged on the working slide unit. A frequency converter and a sensor are arranged at the electric principal axis and are connected with a controller.

Description

The miniature high-speed inertia friction welder
One, technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of welding machine, especially relates to a kind of miniature high-speed inertia friction welder.
Two, background technology:
Friction welding technique is as a kind of advanced person's solid-state interconnection technique (its seam district is for forging tissue), have technical and economic characteristics such as high-quality, efficient, energy-conservation, low consumption, cleaning, by with the combining closely of new and high technologies such as material, computer, knowledge and information processing, optical, mechanical and electronic integration, software, Reliability Engineering, itself also is presented in face of the people with the looks of new and high technology, and has wide development use and industrialization prospect in new high-tech industry such as defence and military and conventional industries technology upgrading.
Along with the development of modern micromechanics and Micrometer-Nanometer Processing Technology, one of developing direction of friction-welding machine is to realize the microminiaturization and the high speed of welding machine.
Domestic friction-welding machine manufacturing industry begins starting the seventies in last century, through 30 years of development, the research and development of general friction-welding machine take on a certain scale with production, satisfied the demand of end subscriber in domestic low side and the part to a certain extent, but with abroad compare, still gap is very big so far for the integral level of domestic Friction welding technique and the market competitiveness, far can not adapt to the active demand of domestic market, up to now, the report of domestic and international exploitation at miniature high-speed flywheel friction welding machine technology, application facet is also very rare.
Abroad, only there are U.S. MTI company and the research and development of German KUKA company to produce the report of microminiature welder, the 40 type miniature high-speed inertia friction welders that MTI company produces adopt spindle drive motor and the coaxial mounted organization plan of main shaft, its speed of mainshaft is 45000-60000rpm, and the maximum rotation inertia of flywheel is 0.00036kgm 2, maximum weld power is 2.2KN, cast workpiece maximum weld area is 45.2mm 2The maximum weld power of the RS05E friction-welding machine that KUKA company produces is 5.0KN, and weldment diameter (mild steel) is φ 2-φ 8mm.
Three, utility model content:
The utility model is in order to solve the weak point in the above-mentioned background technology, a kind of miniature high-speed inertia friction welder is provided, it has cancelled all middle transmission links, have rotating speed height, compact conformation, be easy to balance, transmission efficiency is high and in light weight, response rapidly, little, the low noise advantages of vibration, realized the microminiaturization and the high speed of inertia friction welder.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of miniature high-speed inertia friction welder, its special character is: comprise the welding machine main shaft that is installed on the lathe bed, working slider is connected with push action cylinder, the electricity main shaft links to each other by electromagnetic clutch and welding machine main shaft and the flywheel that is installed on the welding machine main shaft, rolling clamp is connected with the welding machine main shaft, mobile anchor clamps are installed on the working slider, are connected with frequency converter and sensor on the electric main shaft, and frequency converter is connected with controller with sensor.
The electricity main shaft support adopts angular contact ball bearing.
Rolling clamp and mobile anchor clamps adopt miniature precision spring chuck.
The guide rail of working slider adopts the line slideway of high guiding accuracy.
The bearing of electricity main shaft is connected with oil sprayer with the welding machine main shaft bearing.
Electromagnetic clutch comprises outer sleeve, end casing and outer sleeve connect and compose housing, magnet exciting coil is housed in the housing, magnet exciting coil is connected with coil rack, magnet ring adopts rare earth strong permanent magnet material NdFeB material to make, glued joint in a left side, on the annular boss of right two side ends cover plate, gummed has rubber washer on the magnet ring end face, left-hand end cover plate mesopore is provided with the male splined shaft that links to each other with electric main shaft axis body, right-hand end cover plate mesopore is provided with another male splined shaft that links to each other with the welding machine main shaft axis body that flywheel is installed, male splined shaft adopts spline to be connected with another male splined shaft with the inner spline housing of magnet ring one side, inner spline housing, end casing, outer sleeve all adopts permeability magnetic material to make, male splined shaft and another male splined shaft adopt non-magnet material to make, and magnet exciting coil is connected with dc source by relay, is connected with piezo-resistance on the relay.
Controller is a Programmable Logic Controller, and man-machine interface is connected with Programmable Logic Controller.
Compared with prior art, the advantage and the effect that the utlity model has are as follows:
1, electric main axle unit technology in the High Speed Cutting Technique that the utility model is integrated, realized the welding machine main shaft---the arranged coaxial and the directly driving of flywheel and its drive motors, all middle transmission links have been cancelled, its driving-chain length is zero (" zero transmission "), and have rotating speed height, compact conformation, be easy to balance, transmission efficiency is high and in light weight, response rapidly, little, the low noise advantages of vibration, thereby realized the microminiaturization and the high speed of inertia friction welder.
2, the utility model is the tumbler structure optimization design by welding machine main shaft and axle thereof, makes the lower limit of its intrinsic rotary inertia reach 3.2 * 10 -5Kgm 2Simultaneously, under the ultrahigh rotating speed condition of the welding machine speed of mainshaft up to 50000rpm, welding machine main shaft and axle thereof are that the dynamic balancing quality of tumbler is good.
3, electromagnetic clutch adopts little inertia, push-pull type, spline tooth structure in the utility model, can guarantee frequent under ultrahigh rotating speed, the quick and reliable clutch of electromagnetic clutch and transmit bigger friction peak torque up to tens thousand of commentaries on classics, have advantages such as compact conformation, appearance and size is little, rotary inertia is little, response speed is fast, and realized the miniaturization of electromagnetic clutch.
4, the lower limit of the utility model workpiece size that can weld can be carefully to Φ 1.5mm (bar).
Four, description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of electric main shaft in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the electrical connection diagram of electric main shaft in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation when electromagnetic clutch separates in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation when electromagnetic clutch engages in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the power supply wiring figure of electromagnetic clutch field coil in the utility model;
Fig. 7 is a hydraulic system principle figure in the utility model;
Fig. 8 is the wiring diagram of computer measurement and control system in the utility model;
Fig. 9 is the wiring diagram of computer measurement and control system middle controller;
Figure 10 is the computer control flow chart.
Among the figure, 1-electricity main shaft, 2-electromagnetic clutch, 3-welding machine main shaft, 4-flywheel, 5-rolling clamp, 6-rotation side workpiece, 7-moves the side workpiece, and 8-moves anchor clamps, the 9-push action cylinder, 10-lathe bed, 11-line slideway, the 12-working slider, dust cover before the 13-armature spindle, 14-, tegillum before the nut before the 15-, 16-, the 17-fore bearing, overcoat before the dottle pin in before the outer dottle pin before the 18-, 19-, 20-, the 21-front-end bearing pedestal, 22-stator, 23-housing and water jacket, the 24-rear bearing, interior dottle pin behind the 25-, outer dottle pin behind the 26-, the 27-ball retainer, 28-rear bearing block, 29-back nut, the 30-adjusting pad, 31-spring base and spring, 32-bonnet, the 33-water inlet tap, 34-inlet nozzle, 35-junction block, the 36-oil outlet, 37-water inlet tap, 38-jackscrew, the 39-faucet, 40-inlet nozzle, 41-oil outlet, the 42-water inlet tap, 43-oil fog generator, 44-pressure switch, the 45-frequency converter, 46-male splined shaft, 47-magnet ring, the 48-inner spline housing, the 49-outer sleeve, 50-magnet exciting coil, 51-coil rack, the 52-rubber washer, the 53-end casing, 54-male splined shaft, 55-relay, the 56-relay, the 57-magnet exciting coil, 58-piezo-resistance, 59-fuel tank, 60-oil suction oil filter, the 61-hydraulic pump, 62-motor, 63-edge type oil filter, the 64-Pressure gauge, the 65-Pressure gauge, 66-Pressure gauge, 67-substrate, the 68-pressure-reducing valve, the 69-flow control valve, 70-solenoid directional control valve, 71-pressure-reducing valve, the 72-flow control valve, the 73-solenoid directional control valve, 74-electromagnetic relief valve, 75-check valve, 76-3-position 4-way solenoid directional control valve, the 77-cooler, 78-push action cylinder, 79-hose assembly, the 80-hose assembly, the 81-pressure switch, 82-illuminating lamp, 83-hydraulic starting lamp, 84-hydraulic pressure stopping light, the 85-clutch, 86-clutch, 87-hydraulic pump motor, the 88-spindle inverters, 89-electricity main shaft, 90-welds start button, and 91-welds stop button, the 92-scram button, 93-slide unit original position travel switch, 94-slide unit F.F. travel switch, 95-slide unit far-end is spacing, 96-weldment contact pressure switch, the 97-hydraulic pressure switch, the 98-water spray haze compresses switch, 99-oil sprayer liquid level, 100-oil sprayer liquid level, 101-frequency conversion pre-set velocity arrives, the starting of 102-hydraulic pump, and the 103-hydraulic pump stops, the 104-displacement transducer, 105-speed is set.106-hydraulic pressure is set up, the F.F. of 107-slide unit, and 108-slide unit worker advances, the 109-upset, the F.F. of 110-slide unit, the 111-clutch closes, 112-hydraulic oil pump motor, 113-welding beginning indication, 114-welding stopping indication.
Five, the specific embodiment:
The utility model mainly is made up of main frame mechanical system, hydraulic system, sensing and sensing system, computer measurement and control system, and the structural feature of each subsystem is as follows:
1, main frame mechanical system:
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is seen in the main configuration of main frame mechanical system, it is mainly by high-speed electric main shaft 1, electromagnetic clutch 2, welding machine main shaft 3, flywheel 4, rolling clamp 5, mobile anchor clamps 8, push action cylinder 9, and support members (big part) such as lathe bed 10, casing, support are formed.Wherein: electric main shaft 1 (built-in electric motor type main shaft) is the power source of welding machine mechanical system, it links to each other with the flywheel 4 that is installed on it with welding machine main shaft 3 by electromagnetic clutch 2,7204C (C class precision, two) and 7203C (C class precision) type angular contact ball bearing are selected in its support for use; The effect of flywheel 4 is mainly to lean on the rotational kinetic energy of its release to offer the required energy of welding work pieces (mainly being converted to the friction heating power), so that electric main shaft 1 built-in power of motor greatly reduces; Rolling clamp 5 and mobile anchor clamps 8 all adopt miniature precision spring chuck, rolling clamp 5 links to each other with welding machine main shaft 3, mobile anchor clamps 8 are installed on the working slider 12, and working slider 12 feedings are driven by push action cylinder 9, and its guide rail is selected the line slideway 11 of high guiding accuracy for use; When structural design, also taken all factors into consideration self rigidity, local stiffness and the contact stiffness of each support member (big part).
The rotating speed of the utility model welding machine main shaft or flywheel can be up to 50000rpm, because welding energy required when fine workpiece welds is very little, so when design welding machine machine driven system, must reduce to greatest extent the welding machine main shaft and the axle be the driving member intrinsic rotary inertia of (not comprising flywheel) so that the lower limit of the workpiece size that welding machine can weld reduces as far as possible.As calculated, the intrinsic rotary inertia of welding machine principle axis shafting tumbler is 3.2 * 10 -5Kgm 2, its peak power output is 0.058KW.Be to satisfy the requirement of welding unlike material and dimension workpiece, Rotary Inertia of Flywheel is classified as three grades, and promptly 3.7 * 10 -3Kgm 2, 1.56 * 10 -3Kgm 2, 4.83 * 10 -4Kgm 2
Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the function of high-speed electric main shaft unit is to drive the welding machine main shaft and the axles such as flywheel that are installed on the main shaft are tumbler, and its structure is seen Fig. 2.Electricity main shaft maximum (top) speed is 60000rpm, and power output is 2.0KW; Fore bearing 17 and rear bearing 24 are selected B7003C/P4 * 1 and B7002C/P4 * 1 type angular contact ball bearing respectively for use, and the former limit speed is 60000rpm, and latter's limit speed is 75000rpm; The electricity main shaft adopts fog lubrication, has concurrently lubricated and the cooling double action, and its method is to be power with compressed air, and with in oil atomization and the entrained air stream, being transported to then needs lubricated position by oil fog generator 43.When electric main shaft rotated at a high speed, mist of oil can form the elasticity lubricating oil film in bearing channel.Fog lubrication belongs to continuous lubrication, and mist of oil enters bearing continually through oil circuit, and the oil circuit and the gas circuit connection layout of oil, gas mixing arrangement are seen Fig. 3.
The VCT2840 type variable-frequency governor (1000Hz) that high-speed electric main shaft selects for use Denmark Danfuss company to produce carries out stepless speed regulation.This variable-frequency governor has U 1/ f 1The compensation of the speed governing of=Const proportion control, network voltage, rotational speed PID are regulated, motor quickens to start and stops rotating speed control function such as control with brake soon, and defencive functions such as overcurrent, overvoltage, overheated, phase shortage, so its security reliability is higher.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, electromagnetic clutch adopts little inertia, push-pull type, spline tooth structure, with the chimeric pair of spline tooth machinery as joint element.Referring to Fig. 4, comprise outer sleeve 49, end casing 53 connects and composes housing with outer sleeve 49, magnet exciting coil 50 is housed in the housing, magnet exciting coil 50 close being around on the coil rack 51, left-hand end cover plate 53 mesopores are provided with the male splined shaft 46 that links to each other with electric main shaft axis body, and right-hand end cover plate 53 mesopores are provided with the male splined shaft 54 that links to each other with the welding machine main shaft axis body that flywheel is installed, and male splined shaft 46 adopts spline to be connected with male splined shaft 54 with the inner spline housing 48 of magnet ring 47 1 sides.Requirement according to magnetic Circuit Design, magnet ring 47 adopts rare earth strong permanent magnet material NdFeB material to make, and it is gluedd joint on the annular boss of and arranged on left and right sides end casing 53, produce when preventing inner spline housing 48 and impact, on magnet ring 47 end faces, glued together certain thickness rubber washer 52 with magnet ring 47 adhesives; Inner spline housing 48, end casing 53, outer sleeve 49 all adopt permeability magnetic material electrical pure iron DT4A to make, and male splined shaft adopts non-magnet material 1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel to make.The magnet exciting coil 50 of electromagnetic clutch is close on its coil rack 51, and the copper cash active line directly is 0.55mm around forming, and the coiling number of plies is 31 layers, and every layer of number of turn is 61 circles, and exciting current is 1.03A.Result of calculation shows that maximum suction or repulsion that electromagnetic clutch produces are 4.5kg, and the peak torque of transmission is 0.045kgm.
Referring to Fig. 6; the magnet exciting coil 57 of electromagnetic clutch is powered by dc source (24VDC); magnet exciting coil 57 is connected with dc source with relay 56 by relay 55; be connected with piezo-resistance 58 on the relay; the direction of exciting current is by figure repeat circuit 55 or relay 56 controls; the effect of piezo-resistance 58 is to be used for the protective relay contact, prevents to produce electric arc between contact when frequent on-off circuit and damages contact.
Referring to Fig. 4, when electromagnetic clutch was in released state, inner spline housing 48 was only chimeric with male splined shaft 46; Referring to Fig. 5, when relay gets when electric, pass through the forward exciting current in the magnet exciting coil 50, inner spline housing 48 is under the acting in conjunction of the suction that repulsion that the left side magnet ring produces and right side magnet ring produce, quicken to move right vertically, its spline tooth is in simultaneously the state chimeric with male splined shaft 46, male splined shaft 54, and promptly electric main shaft 1 axis body engages with welding machine main shaft 3, and electromagnetic clutch is in engagement state; Otherwise, when relay 55 gets electric (relay 56 dead electricity), pass through reverse exciting current in the magnet exciting coil 50, inner spline housing 48 is under the acting in conjunction of the suction that repulsion that the right side magnet ring produces and left side magnet ring produce, quicken to be moved to the left vertically, its spline tooth and male splined shaft 46 are chimeric, and break away from male splined shaft 54, be that welding machine main shaft 3 separates with its power source, electromagnetic clutch is in released state, need only the direction that alternately changes exciting current in the magnet exciting coil by the welding machine computer measurement and control system, promptly alternately control the joint or the separation of electromagnetic clutch.
During real work, welding machine main shaft 3 and the flywheel 4 that is installed in above it link to each other with electric main shaft 1 by male splined shaft 46, inner spline housing 48, male splined shaft 54 in the electromagnetic clutch 2.During inertia friction weld, the round end of workpiece to be welded is held in the rolling clamp 5, and its mobile terminal is held in the mobile anchor clamps 8 on the working slider 12, flywheel 4 at first is accelerated to predefined rotating speed (electromagnetic clutch is in engagement state), form with rotational kinetic energy stores the required energy of welding, welding machine main shaft 3 breaks away from (electromagnetic clutch 2 is in released state) by electromagnetic clutch 2 and electric main shaft 1 subsequently, and flywheel 4 enters coasting; When the workpiece mobile terminal of mobile anchor clamps 8 clampings under the effect of the axial force that push action cylinder 9 applies, after rotation side workpiece 6 is drawn close, is contacted and compresses, the flywheel that is in coasting is because of being subjected to the damping action of friction torque, its rotating speed reduces gradually, be stored in rotational kinetic energy in the flywheel by the high-speed friction between the welded piece surface, gradually its most of energy is converted into heat energy, and Fast Heating friction surface and near region metal thereof, stop operating until the flywheel depleted of energy and after pressurize a period of time, welding process finishes.
2, hydraulic control system:
Referring to Fig. 7, hydraulic control system mainly is made up of hydraulic pump 61, push action cylinder 78 and hydraulic control valve group etc., and its function is that workpiece is applied weld force, and the automatic conversion of working procedures such as F.F., the worker of realization working slider advance, upset, rewind down.The schematic diagram of hydraulic control system is seen Fig. 7.
The operation principle of hydraulic control system is summarized as follows:
System builds and presses and pressure regulation: the control button of primer fluid press pump 61, and electromagnet 1DT gets electric, and system builds pressure.System pressure is regulated by electromagnetic relief valve 74, and when charge oil pressure table 64 was designated as 5.0MPa, the expression system pressure was normal.
The fast in-line of slide unit: start the F.F. control button, electromagnet 1DT, 2DT simultaneously electric, pressure oil enters push action cylinder 78 right chambeies through solenoid directional control valve 76; Simultaneously, the pressure oil in push action cylinder 78 left chambeies flows back to fuel tank (off-load) through check valve 75, and working slider is F.F. left.
Slide unit worker in-line: when working slider moves to the position that travel switch sets up in advance, electromagnet 2DT dead electricity, 3DT gets electric, and pressure oil flows into the right chamber of push action cylinders through pressure-reducing valve 71, flow control valve 72, solenoid directional control valve 73, changes the worker over to and advances state; Work speed is regulated by flow control valve 72, and welding pressure is regulated by pressure-reducing valve 71, and its value is shown by Pressure gauge 7.
The upset oil circuit: when pressure oil reaches the operating pressure that pressure switch 81 sets up in advance, the pressure switch action, the 3DT dead electricity, 4DT gets electric, changes quick upset state over to; Upset speed is regulated by flow control valve 69, and upsetting force is regulated by pressure-reducing valve 68, and its value is shown by Pressure gauge 66.
Slide unit rewind down oil circuit: behind upset pressurize time-delay certain hour, electromagnet 4DT dead electricity, 5DT gets electric, and working slider retreats fast, resets, and enters next working cycles.
In order to guarantee the reliability of hydraulic control system work, the fuel feeding filter is selected the filter of high water environment capacity (β 〉=200), high filtering precision (10 μ) for use.
The important technological parameters of hydraulic control system is: rated pressure, 50bar; The operating pressure adjustable range, 35~50bar; System's metered flow, 12L/min; The fuel tank dischargeable capacity, 100L; Working media, the high antiwear hydraulic oil of VG32 or VG46; Motor power (output), 1.5KW; Voltage, 380VAC; Frequency, 50Hz.
3, computer measurement and control system:
Referring to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, computer measurement and control system mainly is made up of man-machine interface, Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), frequency converter 88, sensor and low-voltage electrical apparatus etc., wherein: PLC is the control centre of system, and the orthofunction of the sequential control of system, interlock protection and each several part is finished by it; Man-machine interface is interactive window, is used for welding machine operation, parameter setting and online modification and the demonstration of welding machine running status etc.; Frequency converter is used for the driving of welding machine main shaft and the speed governing of rotating speed thereof; Sensor is used for spacing to the real-time detection of shortening amount and oil fog generator liquid level and working slider stroke of the welding machine speed of mainshaft, workpiece spindle; Low-voltage electrical apparatus comprises that sky is opened, relay, contactor etc.Figure 10 shows that computer control flow chart of the present utility model.
The utility model PLC controller is selected MIT's product for use, and the main devices of configuration comprises: FX IN-24MR-001 type main frame; FX 2N-2AD type A/D module (12 analog quantity inputs, 1~5V); F930GOT-BWD-C type touch display and FX-50DU-CABO type touch display screen cable etc.The flywheel rotating speed is detected in real time by frequency converter, and the workpiece axial deflection selects for use WDYC-10L type differential transformer displace (12VDC power supply, 0~5VDC output, range 10mm) to detect in real time.
During real work, after computer measurement and control system powered on, man-machine interface was carried out self check, entered after self check is finished " operation screen "; Guidance panel is provided with a plurality of function buttons, mainly comprises: the conversion of manual mode of operation, hydraulic pump open/stop, hydraulic pressure foundation/cancellation, slide unit F.F./worker are advanced/and rewind down, clutch engagement/disengagement, upset, and welding machine main axis rotation/stall etc.; Be implementation procedure control and electrical interlocks protection; also disposed and be used to characterize pressure switch, the slide unit limitation travel switch that workpiece has been in contact condition, and be used for water-pressure relay, barometric pressure switch, oil sprayer level monitoring sensor of monitoring of working condition etc.
When " manual " on the man-machine interface when button is transformed into manual mode, can realize that hydraulic pump opens/stops, hydraulic pressure foundation/cancellation, slide unit F.F./worker advance/rewind down, operation such as clutch engagement/disengagement, welding machine main shaft stop, upset; When being transformed into automated manner, whole system is converted to automatic operation, and its control flow is seen Figure 10.
The welding machine speed of mainshaft, slide unit worker advance parameters such as time, upset dwell time all can online setting and modification.
The Specifeca tion speeification of the utility model miniature high-speed inertia friction welder is as follows:
1. the speed of mainshaft: 10000-50000rpm (adjustable);
2. main shaft minimum rotation inertia: 3.2 * 10 -5Kgm 2
3. maximum weld power: 5.0KN;
4. weldment diameter range (bar): φ 1.5-φ 5.0mm;
5. weldment length: round end, 20-30mm; The mobile terminal, 20-50mm;
6. welding machine dynamic accuracy: main shaft radial beat eccentricity≤0.015mm, axial movement value≤0.020mm;
7. rolling clamp radial beat eccentricity :≤0.035mm;
8. mobile holder axis and main-shaft axis coaxiality deviation :≤0.05mm.

Claims (7)

1. miniature high-speed inertia friction welder, it is characterized in that: comprise the welding machine main shaft (3) that is installed on the lathe bed (10), working slider (12) is connected with push action cylinder (9), electricity main shaft (1) links to each other by electromagnetic clutch (2) and welding machine main shaft (3) and the flywheel (4) that is installed on the welding machine main shaft (3), rolling clamp (5) is connected with welding machine main shaft (3), mobile anchor clamps (8) are installed on the working slider (12), be connected with frequency converter and sensor on the electricity main shaft (1), frequency converter is connected with controller with sensor.
2. miniature high-speed inertia friction welder according to claim 1 is characterized in that: electric main shaft (1) supports and adopts angular contact ball bearing.
3. miniature high-speed inertia friction welder according to claim 2 is characterized in that: rolling clamp (5) and mobile anchor clamps (8) adopt miniature precision spring chuck.
4. miniature high-speed inertia friction welder according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the guide rail of working slider (12) adopts the line slideway of high guiding accuracy.
5. miniature high-speed inertia friction welder according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the bearing of electric main shaft (1) is connected with oil fog generator (43) device with welding machine main shaft (3) bearing.
6. miniature high-speed inertia friction welder according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: electromagnetic clutch (2) comprises outer sleeve (49), end casing (53) connects and composes housing with outer sleeve (49), magnet exciting coil (50) is housed in the housing, magnet exciting coil (50) is connected with coil rack (51), magnet ring (47) adopts rare earth strong permanent magnet material NdFeB material to make, glued joint in a left side, on the annular boss of right two side ends cover plate (53), gummed has rubber washer (52) on magnet ring (47) end face, left-hand end cover plate (53) mesopore is provided with the male splined shaft (46) that links to each other with electric main shaft (1) axis body, right-hand end cover plate (53) mesopore is provided with the male splined shaft (54) that links to each other with welding machine main shaft (3) axis body that flywheel (4) is installed, male splined shaft (54) adopts spline to be connected with male splined shaft (46) with the inner spline housing (48) of magnet ring (47) one sides, inner spline housing (48), end casing (53), outer sleeve (49) all adopts permeability magnetic material to make, male splined shaft (46) and male splined shaft (54) adopt non-magnet material to make, magnet exciting coil (50) is connected with dc source by relay, is connected with piezo-resistance (58) on the relay.
7. miniature high-speed inertia friction welder according to claim 6 is characterized in that: controller is a Programmable Logic Controller, and man-machine interface is connected with Programmable Logic Controller.
CNU2007200312028U 2007-02-08 2007-02-08 Miniature high-speed inertia friction-welding machine CN201012430Y (en)

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CN101829854A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-09-15 重庆大学 Current-carrying inertial radial friction composite welding method and equipment thereof
CN101829853A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-09-15 重庆大学 Current-carrying inertial axial friction composite welding method and equipment thereof
CN102615418A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-01 长春数控机床有限公司 Friction welding machine
CN104043907A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-17 建科机械(天津)股份有限公司 Spin friction resistance butt welding device
CN104439688A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-03-25 宁波聚益工具有限公司 Novel friction welding machine convenient to use
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CN106541207A (en) * 2015-09-18 2017-03-29 通用电气公司 Inertia production weld method
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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101829854A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-09-15 重庆大学 Current-carrying inertial radial friction composite welding method and equipment thereof
CN101829853A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-09-15 重庆大学 Current-carrying inertial axial friction composite welding method and equipment thereof
CN101829853B (en) * 2010-04-29 2012-07-11 重庆大学 Current-carrying inertial axial friction composite welding method and equipment thereof
CN102615418A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-01 长春数控机床有限公司 Friction welding machine
CN104043907A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-17 建科机械(天津)股份有限公司 Spin friction resistance butt welding device
CN104439688A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-03-25 宁波聚益工具有限公司 Novel friction welding machine convenient to use
CN104439687A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-03-25 宁波聚益工具有限公司 Friction welding machine convenient to use
CN104439687B (en) * 2014-11-17 2017-01-25 宁波聚益工具有限公司 Friction welding machine convenient to use
CN106141415A (en) * 2015-04-03 2016-11-23 上海航天设备制造总厂 Spin friction connects the electric main shaft device of equipment
CN106541207A (en) * 2015-09-18 2017-03-29 通用电气公司 Inertia production weld method
CN105500090A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-04-20 朱光波 Mechanical device with high-torsion plate
CN107052906A (en) * 2017-01-16 2017-08-18 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of electromagnetic experiment system for blade weldbonding

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