CN1916532A - High performance refrigerating unit, matched energy saving accessories in use for the unit, and method of use - Google Patents

High performance refrigerating unit, matched energy saving accessories in use for the unit, and method of use Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1916532A
CN1916532A CN 200610121774 CN200610121774A CN1916532A CN 1916532 A CN1916532 A CN 1916532A CN 200610121774 CN200610121774 CN 200610121774 CN 200610121774 A CN200610121774 A CN 200610121774A CN 1916532 A CN1916532 A CN 1916532A
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China
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water
heat
cold
air
working medium
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CN 200610121774
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李汉清
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李汉清
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Priority to CN200510091282.1 priority Critical
Priority to CN200510091282 priority
Application filed by 李汉清 filed Critical 李汉清
Priority to CN 200610121774 priority patent/CN1916532A/en
Publication of CN1916532A publication Critical patent/CN1916532A/en

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Abstract

A refrigerating device of high efficiency type is featured as setting magnetizer or vibrator in pipeline of normal refrigerating device for decreasing heat resistance in heat exchange to raise evaporation speed, using insulated liquid and gas tubes for decreasing energy consumption in pipeline, using condenser and evaporator to raise heat exchange efficiency, using subcooler and its heat returning system to recover cold as amount up to 80%, using energy storage tank and refrigeration unit as well as air-conditioning unit to recover energy mostly.

Description

High performance refrigerating unit and the matched energy saving accessories and the using method that are used for this device
One. technical field:
The present invention relates to refrigerating plant, particularly magnetize efficient compression or absorption (comprising absorption-diffusion type and their superposition type) refrigerating plant and solar energy, ground temperature energy and solar energy and geothermal heat supply, cooling apparatus, and the energy saving accessories that is used for this refrigerating plant, and comprise that the refrigerating plant and the energy saving accessories thereof of the refrigeration plant that processes such as being used for air conditioning, freezing, refrigeration, fresh-keeping, ice making, gas separation is used have using method.
Two. technical background:
Existing steam compression type refrigeration (being Dan Leng) or cooling and warming (being heat pump) device (below be collectively referred to as the compression-type refrigeration device), by known compressor, oil eliminator, at least one condenser (is outdoor heat exchanger, and comprise air-cooled and water-cooled), restricting element (being capillary or expansion valve etc.), evaporimeter (be indoor heat exchanger, comprise with the air direct heat transfer and through refrigerant indirectly with the structure of air heat exchange), working medium tube connector and working medium (comprising efficient environmental protection refrigerant such as Greencool or Hai Qiou) composition.But,, also have two-position four way change valve (hereinafter to be referred as cross valve) to heat pump assembly; " one drag many " device also had one to multiple secondary evaporimeter; The energy-storing-type device also had built-in or independent regenerator (being cold trap) and heat reservoir (being heat channel); To with air direct heat transfer (promptly direct-cooled) formula device, also have the condensed water export structure; To refrigerant heat exchange (cold promptly) formula device, also have cooling water circulation line and chilled water circulation line and be positioned at one to multiple cold water fan coil of chilled water circulation line; Wherein, cold-storage heat exchanger is housed in regenerator, the storage heat-heat exchanger is housed in heat storage slot, or this device and import and export water pipe.Simultaneously, condenser carries out heat exchange (to air cooling or direct-cooled equipment) by outdoor fan or its special fan (below be collectively referred to as outdoor fan or blower fan) drive chamber's outer air with it, or drives cooling water by water pump and carry out the heat exchange cooling with it or heat (to handpiece Water Chilling Units); Evaporimeter drives room air by indoor fan or its special fan (below be collectively referred to as indoor fan or blower fan) and carries out heat exchange (to air cooling or water cooling equipment) with it, or carries out heat exchange (to a water-cooled or a cold unit) by water pump driving chilled water and its; To air-cooled refrigeration unit, the condensed water that produces when freezing summer then directly is discharged to it outdoor by the condensed water export structure; Described absorption type refrigerating unit and aforementioned structure are basic identical, and difference is to have replaced last intrasystem compressor with generator and absorber, and the recruitment confrontation is freezed.
The advantage of aforementioned compression refrigerating apparatus is simple in structure, refrigeration or refrigeration and heating performance are reliable, easy to operate, but its energy consumption is big, Energy Efficiency Ratio on average has only 3.0, use cost is too high, make many users be difficult to bear, especially corresponding with these devices refrigeration plant mostly must be used disposable driven by energy, and this has not only aggravated global energy shortage, the price rising all the way, and Global Greenhouse Effect is aggravated, and every peak times of power consumption in summer, supply falls short of demand also often to make power supply network, even overload operation occurs and cause problem such as outage power failure etc.
Present existing energy-storing-type refrigeration (comprising heat pump) device, it can be by the cold trap that sets and heat channel the cold energy and the heat energy of electrical energy production during low power consumption store (cold-storage and storage heat) respectively, then by the time discharge for the user daytime of peak of power consumption again uses.Alleviate the burden of power supply network when the peak of power consumption with this part.But, because its pipeline structure more complicated, therefore, still not a large amount of so far the employing; Above-mentioned absorption type refrigerating unit can utilize various thermals source, comprises that solar energy, ground temperature energy, organic-fuel regenerative resources such as (comprising biogas and industrial waste heat) drive, and can drop to bottom line to the consumption of electric energy; But this equipment is complicated; cost is relatively higher; and energy utilization efficiency is relatively low; especially described solar energy is inhaled the formula refrigerating plant; because of needs solar energy heating generator and its tracking equipment, so volume is big, and structure is more complicated relatively; can not normally maybe can't work again at night and cloudy day, so make its popularization also be subjected to influence.
Simultaneously, in above-mentioned whole refrigerating plants, residual lubricating oil and other impurity in its working medium, not only increased the viscosity of working medium (comprise working medium to), and because of being deposited on tube wall easily, flow resistance and thermal resistance during heat exchange of working medium in pipeline increased, flow velocity reduces, add and have the more serious harmful overheated energy loss that causes in the upper pipeline again, and condenser is wanted frosting when heat winter, and the time consume extra energy again, thereby the high energy efficiency of this equipment can only be paced up and down 3.5 up and down than all the time in defrosting; When existing refrigerating plant is worked, to discharge used heat and condensed water when freeze summer, to discharge useless cold when heat winter, these energy all directly outwards enter atmosphere and do not do any utilization again, not only wasted energy, cause consuming excessively of earth resource, and the neighbour is produced harm, and quickened the greenhouse effects of the earth; In addition, existing all kinds of refrigeration plant (and tame product) all is "small and self-contained", their mutual onrelevants, function singleness, most long-term idle, utilization rate is very low, much can use mutually originally or shared parts, compressor for example, condensers etc. but all will set respectively separately, and this has not only wasted resource, has increased manufacturing cost and use cost, even the problem that conditions each other also appears, wherein, existing refrigerator, refrigerator-freezer, soda fountain (case), and refrigeration plant such as dehumidifier, all directly used heat is come indoor during work, and in summer, this used heat then makes room temperature raise, and increase refrigerating capacity by air-conditioning and offset, and has therefore not only strengthened the thermic load of air-conditioning equipment and the use cost of equipment, and caused the repeat consumption of energy and quickened the wearing and tearing of compressor, so necessary this present situation is transformed.
Three. summary of the invention:
Main task of the present invention be to develop can improve refrigerating efficiency, guarantee the recycling and a large amount of energy savings of energy, environment-friendly highly efficient refrigeration plant simple in structure, that make and use easily again, and then reach the purpose that reduces use cost and energy resource consumption and protection environment.
Its main solution is: in the high temperature steam pipe before described condenser, or in the liquid pipe before evaporimeter, or in above-mentioned two pipes, be in series or in parallel with simultaneously any or the vibrator of stating in the magnetizer, or this two kinds of annexes are housed simultaneously, or when above-mentioned annex is installed, at least a in the following stated structure or the annex is housed also:
(1), by the solar thermal collector of triple valve or cross valve control: promptly refer to solar water heater or working fluid for solar energy heater both one of, when it and main body refrigerating plant are assembled, to solar water heater: then by its import water pipe, export water pipe and be connected on water pump in the import water pipe, and by triple valve that is communicated with one of two pipes outer end at least and the condenser that is assembled in air-cooled refrigeration unit, or the carrier heat exchanger in series of the air duct air inlet side of evaporimeter, and constitute separated type solar hot water short distance heat supplying loop respectively with this; Or it is in parallel with the cooling water circulation line of water cooled refrigeration device, or in parallel with the medium circulation pipeline of this device by described import and export water pipe and valve; Constitute Contiuum type solar water short distance heat supplying loop with this refrigerating plant disjunctor respectively with this; To the working fluid for solar energy heater: then by the import working medium tube of its built-in hot working fluid interchanger and outlet working medium tube and the triple valve or the cross valve that are communicated with one of two pipes outer end at least, with the condenser working medium steam pipe bypass in parallel before of its heat pump refrigerating device; Constitute the short distance heat supply branch road of working fluid for solar energy with this;
(2), solar air heater: then by its appendix and the indoor fan and the evaporimeter that are positioned at air-cooled refrigeration unit, or the air inlet that outdoor fan and condenser carry out side directly is communicated with respectively, constitutes the unidirectional heat supplying pipeline of solar air short distance respectively with this;
(3), ground temperature energy cold supply system: be meant warm water open type short distance cooling loop, ground, at least a among warm water enclosed short distance cooling loop, ground and the ground warm air short distance cooling pipeline three, when it and its main body refrigerating plant are assembled, wherein, warm water open type short distance cooling loop, ground is connected with this refrigerating plant by the condenser this loop and that be contained in ventilation type main body refrigerating plant or the carrier heat exchanger of evaporator air air inlet side; Or directly by the cooling water heat inverting chamber in its cooling water circulation line, or the chilled water heat exchange chamber in the medium circulation pipeline is communicated with this water cooled refrigeration device; Warm water enclosed cooling loop, described ground is closed identical with being connected of above-mentioned corresponding open circuit respectively with the annexation of its air cooling or water cooled refrigeration device; And described ground warm air short distance cooling pipeline, then be meant having the underground space of air inlet and outlet or shell and tube air heat exchanger to be communicated with by the air inlet of its appendix and the indoor fan of refrigerating plant or return air inlet or with the air inlet of outdoor fan, or through the threeway air valve earlier with after the appendix of above-mentioned solar air heater is in parallel, be communicated with this air inlet again; Or refer to that auxiliary condenser in parallel with the condenser of above-mentioned air-cooled refrigeration unit directly is contained in the air outlet slit of side-mounted air circulation duct of this underground space, and be communicated with the working medium tube of its main body refrigerating plant by its import working medium tube and outlet working medium tube;
The working medium pipeline that (four), energy-saving structure is arranged: it is at least a in the following structure:
(1), its restricting element string is contained in the working medium liquid pipe of contiguous evaporimeter, so that can dispel the heat when allowing this Guan Zaiqi agent set refrigeration, and when agent set heated, it was overheated then to absorb heat and then eliminate pipeline;
(2), energy-conservation working medium tube: to single cold refrigerating plant, employing has the high-temperature exhaust pipe of the single cold refrigerating plant of finned tube manufacturing of outer fin or inside and outside fin, the working medium liquid pipe of single cold-peace heat pump refrigerating device, simultaneously, at the low temperature of above-mentioned refrigerating plant, or high low temperature steam pipe is outer through suit thermal insulation layer formation insulation steam pipe;
(3), whole efficient fin-tube type air heat exchanger: it is meant the heat exchanger of the fin-tube types such as fin-tube type refrigerant heat exchanger in air-cooled condenser, evaporimeter and forecooler and the water cooled refrigeration device, and accesses in succession with bar and to assemble its radiating fin for expand tube and make;
(5), condensed water subcooler: it is by the shell that working medium import and outlet and condensed water import and outlet are arranged, recuperative heat exchanger in the cased chamber is formed, during assembling, be connected in series in the working medium liquid pipe of contiguous evaporimeter of air-cooled refrigeration unit by its working medium import and outlet, the while is connected with the drainpipe of known condensed water export structure by described condensed water import;
(6), condensed water regenerator: it is meant condensed water injection atomizing regenerator, the ultrasonic atomizatio regenerator, injection atomizing regenerator, filter one of atomizing regenerator and evaporation regenerator, during assembling, preceding four kinds of atomizing regenerators directly or again are communicated with condensate draining pipe through the condensed water subcooler through self-priming water pump or venturi tube and blower fan, and its outlet is contained in the air inlet side of condenser, and nozzle is pointed to the windward side of condenser, and then constitute and this regenerator condensate water atomizing heat regenerative system of the same name respectively; The evaporation regenerator then be meant telescopic evaporation regenerator or louvered evaporation regenerator the two one of, during assembling, be fixed on by its support in the space between the nozzle of peripheral and above-mentioned atomizing regenerator of condenser;
(7), condensed water precooling vaporizer: it has the structure identical with the condensed water subcooler, but be connected in series to the high temperature steam pipe of refrigerating plant or the pipeline of height steam pipe by its working medium import and outlet, and, its import by connect water pipe through water pump or condensed water subcooler with state drainpipe and be communicated with, its nozzle is then aimed at the air inlet side of condenser; Constitute the condensing water vapor heat regenerative system with this;
(8), by the built-in energy storage groove of triple valve or cross valve control: it is meant built-in heat channel or water heater with the hot junction outdoor set cabinet disjunctor of the single cold refrigerating plant of its main body; Or heating energy storage groove, or refer to built-in regenerator with its cold junction indoor set casing disjunctor, or refer to be contained in the outdoor set cabinet of heat pump refrigerating device and the built-in cold and hot energy storage groove in the cold junction indoor set casing; In its heat channel, hot working fluid interchanger and water or energy storage agent of solid high temperature or capsule are housed, and by the import working medium tube of its heat exchanger and triple valve or the cross valve that exports working medium tube and be communicated with one of two pipes outer end at least, with the high temperature refrigerant gland steam exhauster bypass in parallel of its main body refrigerating plant, and then form machine outside the heat storage cell with the hot-end component of main body refrigerating plant; In cold trap, be provided with cold-storage heat exchanger and low-temperature cold accumulation agent such as water-ice is housed, and by the import working medium tube of heat exchanger and go out working medium tube and the triple valve that is communicated with the outer end of one of two pipes at least or cross valve in parallel with the evaporimeter of single cold refrigerating plant, and then with the cold junction parts composition cold-storage indoor set of its main body refrigerating plant; In cold and hot groove, be provided with the hot working fluid interchanger and solid or the agent of the contour gentle low temperature economic benefits and social benefits energy storage of energy storage capsule be housed, and by the condenser of the import working medium tube of this heat exchanger and outlet working medium tube and the triple valve that is communicated with two outer ends of one of managing at least and cross valve and heat pump refrigerating device or evaporimeter is in parallel and then form the energy storage off-premises station and form the energy storage indoor set with its cold junction parts with the hot-end component of this main body goods in great demand pump installation;
(9), built-in object keeping box with different name main body refrigerating plant disjunctor: it is meant the built-in hot case of depositing object space that has in the outdoor set cabinet that is located at main body refrigerating plants such as single cold air-conditioning, or the built-in ice chest in its indoor set casing, or be located at cool and hot box in the off-premises station of heat-pump-type main body refrigerating plant and the indoor set casing, in the interlayer of this chamber interior wall, the working medium or the carrier heat exchanger that adapt with its function of use are housed, and, triple valve or cross valve that this device is imported and exported water pipe and is communicated with one of two pipes outer end at least by the import and export working medium tube or the carrier of its correspondence are by the corresponding annexation of above-mentioned built-in energy storage groove and the pipeline connection of its main body refrigerating plant;
(10), latent wall formula air conditioning chamber inner structure by the control of triple valve or cross valve: it is meant tubular type working medium or carrier heat exchanger is packed in the energy storage temperature adjusting structure that main wall inboard or internal partition wall body of wall two sides constitute, replace known indoor apparatus of air conditioner and regenerator or cold and hot groove with this, during assembling, by the import working medium tube of its hot working fluid interchanger and triple valve or the cross valve that exports working medium tube and be communicated with one of two pipes at least, with being communicated with of the evaporimeter of air-cooled refrigeration unit at preceding working medium liquid pipe with at back working medium steam pipe, in parallel with this with this evaporimeter, or by the import water pipe of its refrigerant heat exchanger, outlet water pipe and the triple valve or the cross valve that are communicated with one of two pipes at least are in parallel with the medium circulation pipeline of water cooled refrigeration device;
(11), by the latent wall formula energy storage masonry of triple valve or cross valve control: it is meant at least a in cold-storage masonry, the hot masonry of storage and the cold and hot energy storage masonry, and build by laying bricks or stones in internal partition wall by some energy storages unit and to constitute, during with the refrigeration assembling, by its triple valve of importing and exporting working medium tube and being communicated with one of this pipe at least, in parallel by the working medium pipeline with evaporimeter, or by its triple valve of importing and exporting water pipe and being communicated with one of this pipe at least, in parallel through the chilled water circulation line with evaporimeter.
Improvement of the present invention is: in the pipeline of its refrigerating plant, coupling has following at least a long-range heat supply or cooling or heat supply and cooling loop or pipeline:
(1), solar energy long-range heat supplying pipeline: it is meant solar water heater long-range heat supplying loop, or solar air heater (169) long-range heat supplying loop, or the two one of, wherein:
(1), solar water heater long-range heat supplying loop: be meant with a triple valve two short distance heat supplying loop serial or parallel connections of the carrier heat exchanger of aforementioned condenser that is positioned at ventilation type heat pump refrigerating device and evaporimeter air inlet side, and a shared water pump is formed, when wherein connecting, then the carrier heat exchanger that is arranged in condenser air inlet side is placed return line, constitute the separated type solar water heater long-range heat supplying loop of separating with this main body refrigerating plant with this; Or refer to through long-range water transport channel and triple valve and long-range backwater channel and triple valve Q, aforementioned two in parallel respectively with the cooling water circulation line of water-cooled heat pump refrigerating device and medium circulation pipeline or connect, constitute Contiuum type solar water long-range heat supplying loop with this main body refrigerating plant disjunctor with this;
(2), solar air heater long-range heat supplying loop: be meant the aforementioned condenser of air-cooled refrigeration unit or the air inlet and the air inlet that is positioned at its evaporimeter or indoor fan air inlet side of its blower fan air inlet side of being positioned at, link up by appendix and triple valve are in parallel, constitute Contiuum type air heat long-range gas transmission heating system with this refrigerating plant disjunctor with this;
(2), ground temperature can long-range the cooling loop: it is meant ground temperature cooling water long-range cooling loop and ground warm air long-range cooling pipeline, one of two kinds of structures, wherein:
(1), warm water long-range cooling loop: it is by ground warm water long-range water-supply-pipe and triple valve, and ground warm water long-range return pipe and its triple valve, in parallel or be composed in series two carrier heat exchangers of aforementioned condenser that is contained in the air cooling refrigerating plant and boil-off gas air inlet side and the open type of the two or enclosed short distance cooling loop, when wherein connecting, then the carrier heat exchanger string of condenser air inlet side is contained in the return pipe, promptly constitutes the warm water long-range cooling loop, split type ground of separating with this main body refrigerating plant with this; Or refer to by ground warm water long-range water transport channel, with triple valve P or K and ground temperature long-range backwater channel and triple valve Q cooling water circulation line and open type or the loop parallel connection of enclosed short distance cooling in parallel of chilled water circulation line aforementioned and the water cooled refrigeration device, or series connection, and drive the pipeline form by water pump, when wherein connecting, then place in the backwater channel, promptly constitute warm water long-range cooling loop, Contiuum type ground with this main body refrigerating plant disjunctor with this following pipeline short distance cooling loop in parallel with cooling water;
(2), warm air long-range cooling pipeline: be meant warm air short distance cooling loop, the ground parallel connection communication that the air duct air inlet of the air duct air inlet of the outdoor fan of aforementioned and air-cooled refrigeration unit or indoor fan is communicated with appendix and triple valve, constitute the long-range of warm air side by side cooling pipeline with this refrigerating plant disjunctor with this.
To further improvement of the present invention be: make up the absorption type refrigerating unit of following at least a structure side by side with this compression-type refrigeration device:
(1), adorn the mixed high-efficient refrigerating plant arranged side by side that constitutes side by side by common or solar energy absorption type refrigeration dress with the air cooling compression-type refrigeration: and, in the known liquid heat exchanger of its absorption type refrigerating unit, the hot working fluid interchanger is housed, the working medium import of this device is communicated with the high low temperature steam pipe of the high temperature steam pipe or the outside of compression-type refrigeration device through triple valve by the import working medium tube, the sender property outlet of this device, be communicated with the downstream of above-mentioned steam pipe through venturi tube by the outlet working medium tube, constitute with this energy of the hot junction disjunctor of two refrigerating plants is shifted branch road;
(2), the mixed high-efficient refrigerating plant of forming by common or solar energy absorption type refrigeration device and water-cooled compression refrigerating apparatus arranged side by side: and in the hot junction of two refrigerating plants, except that there being the energy of having stated to shift the branch road disjunctor, also have by its cooling water heat exchanger being contained in condenser, absorber and the forecooler of absorption type refrigerating unit, it is imported and exported water pipe and then fails hot branch road the two disjunctor through at least one triple valve with the cooling water of the cooling water circulation line formation in parallel of compression-type refrigeration device; Simultaneously, at the cold junction of two devices, the refrigerant heat exchange chamber in the evaporimeter of being adorned by absorption refrigeration, import and export water pipe and at least one refrigerant energy transfer branch road disjunctor that triple valve constitute in parallel with the medium circulation pipeline of compression-type refrigeration device are arranged then.
To the 4th improvement of the present invention be: at least a structure that has the following stated with lower member:
(1), described magnetizer is meant known water treatment magnetizer, or high efficient magnetizing device, or four at least a in magnetic gap magnetizer or these several structures of other many magnetic gap magnetizer, wherein, magnetizer is by stating shell, be contained in the magnetization chamber of shell and co-axially fixed at least one or one group of neodymium as field element, iron, cobalt, boron, or the permanent magnet that rare-earth permanent magnet such as Hi-Rem is made is formed, this magnet is by the protruding stalk and the location of the respective slot on the shell inner cavity that are located on its neighboring, and respectively assembled the resistance that disappears at magnet two ends and bored, at this moment, just by import that is positioned at shell two ends and outlet being communicated with at two road magnetic gaps between shell and the magnetic pole strength; Described four magnetic gap magnetizers, by square shell, four or four groups of leg-of-mutton rare earths of having stated being stacked to by single or multiple lift, the permanent magnet and the resistance awl that disappears thereof are formed, and between the magnetic pole of four blocks of magnet, remain with the described magnetising assembly of magnetic gap that is communicated with the two four road vertical distribution of importing and exporting, be meant by any the filtration magnetizer that constitutes in known filters or the magnetizer, or by any the dry magnetizer formed in drier and the magnetizer, and by water pump barrier film working medium pump, the corresponding magnetizing part that capillary or expansion valve pipeline parts constitute with permanent magnet respectively;
(2), described vibrator is meant superaudible piezoelectric vibrator or reed-type ultrasonic vibrator, the transducing body metal made from piezo-electric crystal such as quartz and its electrode is housed in the former resonant cavity, the latter's sound reed then is installed in the spout center of the nozzle that is communicated with its import working medium tube, and makes the end of reed be positioned at the sound wave emission focus formation in its chamber that shakes;
(3), described solar water heater is meant in known tubular type or structure such as board-like in any water storage room, or at import water pipe and outlet water pipe by its built-in refrigerant heat exchanger, and the triple valve or the cross valve that are communicated with one of two pipes outer end at least, with be provided with dividing wall type hot working fluid interchanger in the polynary heat storage slot of binary heat storage slot of the outlet water pipe bypass in parallel of this water heater, the triple valve of the import working medium tube of this device through being communicated with this pipe outer end is communicated with the condenser inlet working medium steam pipe before of main body refrigerating plant, its triple valve that outlet working medium tube is direct or warp is communicated with this pipe outer end is communicated with condenser working medium liquid pipe afterwards, and is in parallel with condenser with this; Perhaps by one of described import and export working medium tube and at least two pipes working medium steam pipe before condenser bypass in parallel: perhaps fall along condenser before the steam pipe in parallel bypass of short distance working medium passage, connect with condenser with this with the heat pump refrigerating device by reversible; Described solar air heater is by shell, be contained in the heat collector cavity of shell, and with being coated with the heat absorption web plate that the corrugated aluminium strip that is coated with the black inorganic thin film or black plastic corrugated ribbon are made, the glass cover-plate of seal heat-collecting chamber is positioned at the bottom of the black heat shield liner under the web plate, and is positioned at the air cleaner of air intlet or insect protected webmaster and the appendix that is communicated with its air outlet slit is formed;
(4), described ground warm water open type short distance cooling loop, cooling water water-supply-pipe that is communicated with by ground warm water source, drinking-water pipe, the triple valve h that is communicated with this pipe, water pump a or b and water pump import and outlet or refrigerant water-supply-pipe, the cooling water heat inverting chamber or the chilled water inverting chamber that are communicated with the water-supply-pipe outlet successively, maybe are somebody's turn to do and manage and the nozzle composition at the return pipe in this chamber or cooling water drainpipe; Or constitute after replacing above-mentioned heat exchange chamber respectively with the tubular type fin-tube type carrier heat exchanger of condenser that is positioned at air-cooled refrigeration unit or evaporimeter air inlet side; Warm water enclosed short distance cooling loop, described ground, be meant with the tubular type or the fin-tube type carrier that are located in stratum or ground warm water source or the underground space and change interchanger, or the tubular type in the underground space or fin-tube type carrier heat exchanger connect with the head end opening in aforementioned open type short distance cooling loop respectively and make the carrier formation with water or its solution; Described ground warm air short distance cooling pipeline is then by by the cellar or the underground space such as ice cell or basement or bomb shelter or Jiao Dong or cavern of air intlet be communicated with the appendix of above-mentioned space and air inlet respectively and form as carrier with air; Perhaps by buried stratum, massif and or the ground warm water source in the coiled tubular heat exchanger, or be contained in tubular type or fin-tube type air heat exchanger in the underground space, the air inlet pipe of this device and appendix, and be that carrier constitutes with the air;
(5), be shaped on micro-bump structure on described finned tube or whole fin-tube type air heat exchanger surface or be coated with and be coated with black matrix or grey body thin film or be combined with black matrix or grey body thin film again on the surface of this concaveconvex structure;
(6), the recuperative heat exchanger installed in the condensed water subcooler is meant the heat-exchangers of the plate type in the board-like condensed water subcooler or refers to and be made up of some capillaries and dividing plate in the shell-tube type condensed water subcooler, tubulation or internal and external finned tubes or the coil heat exchanger in tube-bundle heat exchanger or the fingerstall tubular type condensed water subcooler;
(7), described condensed water injection atomizing regenerator, be made up of nozzle, miniature self-priming water pump and the connection water pipe between them, wherein, the import of water pump is communicated with the drainpipe of known condensed water export structure, its outlet is communicated with nozzle, and then constitutes injection atomizing heat regenerative system; Described condensed water ultrasonic atomizatio regenerator is by the shell that water inlet and nozzle are arranged, cased is made up of with the ultrasonic transduction body that other utmost point is made piezo-electric crystals such as quartz, during assembling, be communicated with through connecting water pipe, water pump and stating drainpipe by its water inlet, and then constitute condensed water ultrasonic atomizatio heat regenerative system; Described condensed water filtration atomizing regenerator is to constitute after the outer wall of the water storage room of known filtration humidifier has been set up the condensed water inlet nipple of communication with cavity, and then directly or through water pump is communicated with, and then constitute the condensed water filtration heat regenerative system that atomizes with described drainpipe by described inlet nipple; Nozzle that described condensed water injection atomizing regenerator is communicated with this pipe outlet by venturi tube and the Middle pressure draught fan that is communicated with its import are formed, during assembling, the suction inlet of this pipe with state drainpipe and be communicated with, and then the formation condensed water injection heat regenerative system that atomizes; Described condensing water vapor heat regenerative system is by self-priming water pump, condensed water precooling vaporizer, nozzle and be connected water pipe and form and refrigeration system when assembling, the precooling vaporizer is connected with high temperature or high low temperature steam pipe, nozzle is directly aimed at condenser, and the import of water pump is communicated with condensate draining pipe;
(8), described telescopic evaporation regenerator is connected through the hinge into the screen of foldable structure by a plurality of porous screen formula evaporation elements, and be installed to versatilely in the slidingtype guiding trestle, at ordinary times, by known driving mechanisms such as backguy or screw rods it is folded into the sidewall of condenser air passage air inlet side, and when summer, refrigerating plant freezed, then again with the outer of this scaled image to condenser air inlet side; Described louvered evaporation regenerator is installed to by pivot pin equably by some porous evaporations unit in the frame of its support forms hundred cascade type structures, and by the stretching, extension orientation of each unit of known driving mechanisms control such as backguy or screw rod, at ordinary times, the direction of extension of each unit is parallel with air duct, and when summer, refrigerating plant freezed, then each unit is rotated to vertical with airflow direction or subvertical orientation;
(9), at built-in heat channel, or in heating heat storage slot or the water heater, hot working fluid interchanger or carrier heat exchanger all are housed, wherein, in heat channel and heating heat storage slot, agent of solid energy storage or energy storage capsule also are housed, in heating heat storage slot and water heater, the low ebb electric heater is housed also, and is provided with the import and export water pipe that is communicated with its inner chamber, and then form machine outside the heat storage cell with described hot-end component, or machine outside the heating heat storage cell, or water heater type's off-premises station; In built-in regenerator, orders such as cold-storage heat exchanger or carrier heat exchanger are housed freeze refrigerating equipment, when the main body refrigerating plant is air-conditioning equipment, then form the cold accumulation air-conditioner indoor set with its indoor set, or the cold-storage dehumidifier; In described cold and hot groove, hot working fluid interchanger or carrier heat exchanger and the agent of the high low temperature economic benefits and social benefits of solid energy storage are housed, and form respectively with its off-premises station and indoor set and to store cold-storage and the storage thermal storage heat air-conditioner outdoor unit and the indoor set of cold-storage storage in winter in summer heat in hot winter summer;
(10), in the inwall interlayer of above-mentioned built-in hot case, the hot working fluid interchanger is housed, or refrigerant heat exchanger, outdoor unit components with this and main body refrigerating plant constitutes heating cabinet or dries box off-premises station, evaporimeter or hot working fluid interchanger or refrigerant heat exchanger is housed in the inwall interlayer of built-in ice chest promptly forms refrigerating and air conditioning indoor set or cold storage and air conditioner indoor set or freezing and refrigeration indoor apparatus of air conditioner or its multi-functional air conditioner indoor equipment roughly the same with the indoor set parts of the air-conditioning refrigeration plant of its different name respectively thus; Equally, in the inwall interlayer of above-mentioned built-in cool and hot box, hot working fluid interchanger or carrier heat exchanger are housed, and then form with the outdoor unit components of its heat pump assembly, be used for heating, drying in summer, the freezing off-premises station of heating that is used for ice making and freezing and refrigeration winter, or form with this indoor apparatus of air conditioner parts and to be used for freezing and refrigeration summer, be used to be incubated the freezing heating indoor apparatus of air conditioner of heating winter;
(11), in latent wall formula air conditioning chamber inner structure, described tubular type hot working fluid interchanger is meant the evaporimeter or the regenerator of shell and tube or serpentine coil formula, or cold and hot hot working fluid interchanger, or carrier heat exchanger, and the single face that is packed in main wall or internal partition wall body of wall single face formation conceals wall formula room conditioning structure, or be packed in the two-sided latent wall formula room conditioning structure of the two-sided composition of internal partition wall body of wall, and inboard at the heat exchanger of above-mentioned single-sided structure, the thermal insulation layer that the heat-barrier material of foamed plastics that known configurations such as useful screw of liner and pressing plate are fixing and so on is formed is coated with in the outside of stating single face and bilateral structure and is equipped with by the property led fillers such as carbonization silica sands, reinforcing material and water-fast heat-resisting freeze proof glue such as cement and 204 such as staple glass fibre, the heat conduction finish coat that anti-water and antifreeze are modulated into;
(12), in latent wall formula energy storage masonry, described energy storage unit is made by bonding by polylith list chamber or two-chamber module, and the cement that module is strengthened by pottery or fiber or polymer, or with the rectangular enclosure of heat-resisting and waterproof anti-freezing plastic or other material system with load in the enclosure solid or capsule energy storage agent composition; Wherein, in the energy storage module of single chamber, cold-storage heat exchanger or working medium interchanger or carrier heat exchanger are housed also, and, in described energy storage unit, they are interconnected by the serial or parallel connection structure.
To the 5th improvement of the present invention be: it has at least a structure of the following stated;
(1), in the middle of the solar air heater between heat absorption web plate and the black substrate, be provided with web plate formula hot water heat exchanger so that serve as the water heater heat hot water, close its water route in winter in summer, serve as absorber plate, the outdoor air in the heating inlet chamber;
(2), described condensed water precooling vaporizer by its water inlet and delivery port serial or parallel connection in the downstream pipeline of the heat regenerative system of stating the atomizing of injection atomizing or injection;
(3), the air intlet in the described basement or the underground spaces such as cellar or ice cell or cavern is provided with airstrainer or fly net, disinfection sterilization devices such as uviol lamp are housed in this space, wherein, be provided with the pond and the space of cold-storage or storage ice and snow in winter in the bottom of ice cell;
(4), in the porous screen formula evaporation element of described evaporation regenerator, be assembled with the coarse-fibred supporting network of piezoelectric plastics, when this unit is installed, must be the air inlet side of this net towards condenser, by electric wire and switch this net is communicated with high frequency electric source in the refrigeration plant simultaneously;
(5), described condensate water atomizing or vaporization heat regenerative system, be communicated with earlier, and then be communicated with condensate draining pipe by this subcooler by any the outlet ozzle (76) in its entrance point and the condensed water subcooler;
(6), when cross valve b is connected with the heat pump refrigerating device, be above-mentioned cold and hot energy storage groove, or oven dry refrigerating box, or the import working medium tube of the hot working fluid interchanger in the heating refrigerating box, by two in three residue mouths of cross valve b, in parallel with the condenser high low temperature steam pipe in the outside before of heat pump refrigerating device, among this valve b another the residue mouthful with this refrigerating plant in middle low temperature liquid pipe or entrance point be communicated with, the outlet working medium tube of heat exchanger is communicated with the port of export of condenser, and the Upstream section that guarantees the high low temperature steam pipe of the entrance point of described import working medium tube and heat pump assembly adjoins, promptly constitute thus described cold and hot groove, or cool and hot box and its heat pump refrigerating device realize, the reversible series connection short distance working medium passage that the air inlet order can transposition;
(7), with the built-in cold accumulation refrigerator of its different name main body refrigeration plant coupling, or cool storage refrigerated case, or cold-storage counter, or cold-storage cold drink case, or be provided with by releasing cool-heat-exchanger in the cold-storage refrigerating equipment such as cold-storage refrigerator-freezer, evaporimeter, adjustable throttling is connected with it that working medium tube forms independently releases cold loop, wherein, releasing cool-heat-exchanger is contained in cold-storage groove or the regenerator, and with this groove or this device in cold-storage heat exchanger next-door neighbour coupling, evaporimeter then is contained in the refrigerating chamber of the said equipment, or refrigerating chamber etc. deposits in the interlayer of object space inwall, forms the self-contained refrigerating system that is driven by cold-storage groove or device with this.
(8), when having stated triple valve b by on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe and steam pipe or turnover working medium tube and its, common or cold accumulation refrigerator, perhaps common or cold-storage refrigerator-freezer, perhaps common or cold-storage cold drink case, when the evaporimeter in the indoor refrigeration plants such as perhaps common or cold-storage ice maker is in parallel with the evaporimeter of its main body heat pump refrigerating device, perhaps by stating on-the-spot working medium tube, or import and export water pipe and stated triple valve above-mentioned refrigerating and air conditioning indoor set, or cold storage and air conditioner indoor set, or freezing and refrigeration indoor apparatus of air conditioner or latent wall formula air conditioning chamber inner structure, or the evaporimeter in the latent wall formula energy storage masonry, or cold-storage heat exchanger, or the main evaporator in hot working fluid interchanger and its main body refrigerating plant is when in parallel, triple valve b that then must be through being communicated with above-mentioned on-the-spot working medium steam pipe or outlet working medium tube stage casing, the transition low temperature steam pipe that is communicated with this valve, with the venturi tube that is communicated with this steam pipe other end, the entrance point of evaporimeter in this scene working medium steam pipe or outlet working medium tube and this heat pump refrigerating device, and be positioned at and state on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe or the import working medium tube is communicated with the upstream liquid pipe of the liquid pipe junction c of this refrigerating plant, when heat pump assembly heats, by being communicated with this low temperature steam pipe, in the described upstream working medium pipeline that is connected in series to main evaporator with cool equipment or utensil, guarantee that with this this equipment continues to keep cooling condition;
(9), print or be carved with the patterned heat exchange structure of concaveconvex structure on the heat conduction finish coat surface of latent wall formula room conditioning structure or energy storage masonry, or surface-mounted the louvered temperature adjusting structure arranged at this, or be equipped with activity temperature adjustment screen or ornaments such as telescopic or plug-type, perhaps be provided with this two kinds of structures simultaneously.
The energy saving accessories that is used for this high performance refrigerating unit: it is at least a of the following stated device:
(1), high efficient magnetizing device: its have the right structure of describing in the requirement 4, and serial or parallel connection is in the working medium steam pipe or liquid pipe of refrigerating plant, or simultaneously serial or parallel connection in above-mentioned pipeline;
(2), four magnetic gap magnetizers: its have the right structure of describing in the requirement 4, and press above-mentioned relation and refrigerating plant assembles;
(3), filter magnetizer: it is by filter and be contained in the field element of this device port of export or in the described magnetizer any formed; And press the assembling of above-mentioned relation and refrigerating plant;
(4), dry magnetizer: it is by drier and be contained in the field element of this device port of export or in the described magnetizer any formed, and above-mentioned annexation and refrigeration system and its refrigerating plant assembling;
(5), magnetization subcooler: be composed in series by the working medium passage in described magnetizer and the condensed water subcooler any, and when assembling, be connected in series in the working medium liquid pipe of refrigerating plant;
(6), Magnetic valve: the import or export that the magnetizer of having stated is contained in known or of the present invention special three-way valve is formed, or forms make the shutter member of above-mentioned valve with permanent magnet after;
(7), outer wing or inside and outside wing formula working medium tube or high temperature steam pipe; It is meant by the high temperature steam pipe of known tubule or on-the-spot liquid pipe or air cooling refrigerating plant forms with the vertical bar or the spiral radiating fin that are connected on this external diameter of pipe or external diameter and the inwall; And by known relationship and refrigerating plant coupling;
(8), insulation working medium steam pipe: it is to form behind the external diameter suit thermal insulation layer of known extra heavy pipe or on-the-spot steam pipe, and mates by known relationship and refrigerating plant;
(9), special three-way valve: it is made up of the spool or the shutter member of valve body and the following stated structure;
(1), triple valve a: on its spool, have straight-through station passage 3 and right tiltedly station passage 4;
(2), triple valve b: on its spool, have a left side tiltedly station passage 1 and Y font station passage 2;
(3), triple valve c: on its spool, have straight-through station 3 and Y font station passage 2;
(4), triple valve a: on its spool, have the station passage of having stated structure successively: 1,3,2;
(5), triple valve b: on its spool, have the station passage of having stated structure successively: 1,3,4;
(6), triple valve c: on its spool, have the station passage of having stated structure successively: 1,2,4;
(7), triple valve: on its spool, have the station passage of having stated structure successively: 1,2,3,4;
(10), whole fin-tube type efficient heat exchanger: it comprises the condenser of fin-tube type, or at least a in the refrigerant heat exchanger in evaporimeter or surface cooler or the fan coil or other fin-tube type air heat exchanger; And at least a character pair structure described in have the right requirement 1 and 4;
(11), independent passive energy storage groove: it is meant independently heat storage slot or heating heat storage slot or water heater or cold-storage groove or cold and hot energy storage groove, it is stated the identical structure of built-in energy storage groove of the same name or device except that having, also in its shell, be equipped with automatic detection, control and display system respectively, and import working medium tube and outlet working medium tube or on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe and on-the-spot working medium steam pipe or refrigerant import water pipe and outlet water pipe, and the triple valve or the cross valve that are communicated with at least one pipe outer end in above-mentioned two pipes; And by stating connection pass corresponding in the built-in energy storage groove and its main body refrigerating plant assembling;
(12), independent passive hot case or ice chest or cool and hot box: the former is meant independent passive heating, drying case or incubator or independent no source water heater; Hot working fluid interchanger or carrier heat exchanger are installed in the interlayer of its cabinet wall, in its shell, be equipped with independently detect automatically, control and indication mechanism, during assembling, then by the corresponding syndeton of stating built-in hot case of the same name and pipeline connection of the same name or the different name refrigerating plant; To ice chest: then be meant independently passive refrigerator or refrigerator-freezer or cold drink case or cold storing and fresh-keeping counter or independently passive dehumidifier or independent passive ice machine, passive refrigeration indoor sets such as independent or passive ice-cream machine; Evaporimeter or carrier heat exchanger are housed in the interlayer of its cabinet wall and its independently detect, control and display system, when group, by the corresponding syndeton of stating built-in ice chest of the same name and pipeline connection of the same name or the different name refrigerating plant; To cool and hot box: then be meant independent passive oven dry household freezer or insulation refrigerating box, in the inwall interlayer of the oven dry refrigerating chamber in the former casing, the hot working fluid interchanger is housed, in the inwall interlayer of the insulation refrigerating chamber of latter's casing, the carrier heat exchanger is housed, in the casing of the two, all be equipped with independently detect, control and display system, during assembling, by the corresponding syndeton of stating built-in cool and hot box and pipeline connection of the same name or different name heat pump refrigerating device;
(13), independent passive freezing and refrigeration hybrid air-conditioning indoor set: the mixing indoor set that it is constituted by known cabinet type air conditioner indoor set, built-in refrigerator or antistaling box etc., independent detection, control are with display system and be connected with on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe and on-the-spot steam pipe and form with triple valve or cross valve that liquid pipe entrance point is communicated with, during assembling, in parallel with the evaporimeter of its main body refrigerating plant by described liquid pipe and steam pipe.
Improvement to above-mentioned annex is: following annex has following said at least a structure:
(1), in the casing upper space of independent passive freezing and refrigeration hybrid air-conditioning indoor set or its conditioning machine, outer wing formula evaporimeter a and its restricting element of above-mentioned air-conditioning equipment are housed, refrigerating chamber at the casing middle part, or go up in the freezer wall interlayer, the secondary evaporimeter b of shell and tube working medium is housed, or fin-tube type or pipe-coil type evaporator b, in the inwall interlayer of remaining refrigerating chamber, condensed water heat exchanger that is made of the condensed water coil pipe or the cryogenic fluid steam-to-steam heat exchanger that is made of cryogenic fluid vapour coil pipe are housed respectively, wherein, evaporimeter b is in parallel with evaporimeter a through triple valve c and joint d, and the condensed water heat exchanger is connected with its drainpipe, and then form independent passive refrigerating and air conditioning or freezing conditioning indoor set respectively, or cold storage and air conditioner or conditioning indoor set, or hybrid air-conditioning equipment such as freezing and refrigeration air-conditioning or conditioning indoor set;
(2), in the bottom of independent passive hot punch-out equipment shell, be provided with built-in heat channel, and it is in parallel with the main heat exchanger a of independent passive hot case that the hot working fluid interchanger u that is adorned in the groove is reached the triple valve or the cross valve that are communicated with one of two pipes by its turnover working medium tube, or with the inlet tube of this device bypass in parallel, and then the independent hot heating cabinet of passive storage of structure or store hot drying baker; Or it is in parallel with the main heat exchanger in the hot case that the carrier heat exchanger b in the heat channel is imported and exported water pipe by it, and then the passive hot drying baker of storage of structure independence or store hot incubator; Or built-in regenerator is installed at independent passive ice chest casing top, and it is in parallel with the evaporimeter in the ice chest that the cold-storage heat exchanger in this device is reached the triple valve that is communicated with one of two pipes by its import and outlet working medium tube, constitutes independent passive cold accumulation refrigerator or cold-storage refrigerator-freezer or cold-storage cold drink case or cold-storage refrigerating equipments such as cool storage refrigerated fresh-keeping counter or cold-storage ice making indoor set with this; Or state independent passive indoor apparatus of air conditioner, built-in regenerator is adorned on conditioning indoor set top, and it is the cold-storage heat exchanger in the device is in parallel with the main evaporator of air-conditioning equipment by stating turnover working medium tube and triple valve, air-conditioning equipments such as the i.e. independent passive cold accumulation air-conditioner indoor set of formation, or cold-storage conditioning indoor set; Or adorn cold and hot groove at the top of this air-conditioning equipment, and in parallel by above-mentioned connecting line with the main evaporator in the air-conditioning equipment, promptly constitute the corresponding passive cold and hot energy storage air-conditioning equipment of independence.
Further improvement to above-mentioned annex is: following annex has following said a kind of structure at least:
(1), in described independence passive cold-storage refrigerating equipment or cold accumulation air-conditioner equipment, be provided with stated independently release cold loop, wherein, to the cold-storage refrigerating equipment, be contained in the regenerator releasing cool-heat-exchanger, and with original cold-storage heat exchanger or carrier heat exchanger next-door neighbour coupling, evaporimeter then is contained in the refrigerating chamber of refrigerating equipment or refrigerating chamber etc. and deposits in the inwall interlayer of object space; To cold accumulation air-conditioner equipment, this device still is contained in the regenerator, and mates with its cold-storage heat exchange or carrier heat exchanger next-door neighbour, and its evaporimeter then is contained in the known room air circulation canal of main body indoor machine of air conditioning unit;
(2), on the heat conduction finish coat surface of described latent wall formula room conditioning structure or described energy storage masonry, print or be carved with concavo-convex heat exchange structure or patterning, or surface-mounted the louvered temperature adjusting structure is arranged, or activity temperature adjustment screen or ornament at this; Or be provided with this three kinds of structures simultaneously;
(3), the passive cold-storage refrigerating equipment of above-mentioned independence or cold accumulation air-conditioner equipment when in parallel with the evaporimeter of heat pump refrigerating device, then be parallel with transition low temperature steam pipe and be communicated with venturi tube with this pipe outer end through triple valve b in stage casing of its outlet working medium tube.
The using method of this high performance refrigerating unit: when in this high performance refrigerating unit, only establishing magnetizer, ultrasonic vibrator, no energy consumption or lacking energy consumption working medium tube and condensed water subcooler, then its refrigeration or refrigeration and the process that heats are still operated by aforementioned known method, otherwise, also must operate by following program simultaneously:
(1), when heat channel or two-sided latent wall formula room conditioning structure being housed in the hot junction of the cold refrigerating plant of this list or storing hot masonry, or when hot case is housed, cold trap or ice chest or cold-storage masonry or latent wall formula air conditioning chamber's inner structure are housed or when the single device for cooling cold junction of this different name is equipped with the passive indoor set of air-conditioning at its cold junction; Cold and hot groove or cold and hot masonry perhaps are housed in the heat pump assembly hot junction, or cool and hot box, simultaneously corresponding cold trap also is housed at its cold junction, during air supply rate such as ice chest and indoor apparatus of air conditioner, then when pressing aforesaid operations program start refrigerating plant, also must be by detecting automatically, control and display system, open simultaneously and be positioned at the import and export working medium tube of above-mentioned hot junction and cold junction equipment and the triple valve or the cross valve of water pipe outer end, make corresponding with it the respectively main body working medium pipeline of parts of above-mentioned two ends, or with its main body cooling water and medium circulation pipeline conducting, especially must guarantee that in summer the heat channel and the hot case of bypass in parallel change the operating mode of connecting with the high temperature steam pipe over to, with this used heat that guarantees discharging in the time can both storing the refrigerating plant refrigeration by above-mentioned heat channel and cold and hot groove summer, make above-mentioned hot case and cool and hot box can utilize the heat energy of above-mentioned used heat or storage to heat, operations such as oven dry; Simultaneously, the cold trap that is positioned at cold junction is accumulation refrigerating plant cold more than needed then, the cold that comprises the low valley electric energy conversion that utilizes night, assurance allows ice chest and different name indoor apparatus of air conditioner can utilize the cold of electric energy conversion and the cold of accumulation to carry out ice making, freezing, refrigeration, fresh-keeping and the air themperature and the humidity of being transferred the space regulated, in this process, when evaporimeter condenses condensed water, then send instruction to control system by level sensor, and the Absorb Water pump or fan in the startup condensed water heat regenerative system, and the operating mechanism driving porous screen of evaporation regenerator resets, at this moment, condensed water just is sprayed to porous screen through condensed water subcooler and regenerator with the form of mist or vapour from water-collecting tray, or condenser and porous screen surface, cool stream is through the working medium of this device, on the contrary, if air is dry or heat in the winter time and evaporated condensation water when accumulating, then porous screen still keep collecting or with the parastate of air stream, eliminate its resistance with this to outside circulating air;
In the winter time, to heat pump unit for air conditioning, then must be before starting compressor, make earlier be positioned at the hot junction and with the triple valve or the cross valve transposition of the import or export working medium tube outer end of the heat channel of high temperature steam pipe bypass in parallel or hot case, guarantee that this heat channel or hot case are in bypass or self-closing state, can be most of or all import evaporimeter and be used for regulating the room temperature with this heat energy that guarantees to heat cyclic transformation, but when cold and hot groove is two sources or polynary energy storage groove, then must or open triple valve w by the reversible series connection short distance of multipotency working medium passage, make this groove transfer to the preposition operating mode of condenser through crossing working medium tube, so that the recuperative heat exchanger of establishing in utilizing is imported the cryogenic fluid vapour that heat energy heats the condenser of flowing through from external heat source, eliminate frosting and " ice berg " with this;
(2), when in refrigerating plant, being parallel with solar water heater or working medium heater, then use hot water with this water heater heating life or it in summer, or provide auxiliary heat energy for firing equipment, and to winter, it is direct then preferentially to enable this device or working medium heater and logical its long-range heat supplying loop, or gives through medium circulation pipeline and to be transferred the space heat supply, only when severe winter, just enable its heat pump refrigerating device, and connect solar energy short distance heat supplying loop or system simultaneously, to the condenser heat supply and the defrosting of this device;
(3), when in refrigerating plant, being parallel with the ground temperature cold supply system, then preferentially open the long-range cooling loop or the system of its ground warm water or air in summer, give directly or through medium circulation pipeline and transferred the space cooling; Only just enable refrigerating plant, and enable its short distance cooling loop or pipeline simultaneously, give the cooling of condenser cooling in heat;
(4), when adopting mixed high-efficient refrigerating plant cooling arranged side by side, or when cooling and heat supply, then preferentially enable solar energy absorption type refrigeration formula heat pump refrigerating device, to being transferred space cooling or heat supply, only in heat, or during severe winter, just enable its compression-type refrigeration device to being transferred space cooling or heat supply.
Owing to set up above-mentioned annex, can be as required and various of the same name or different name main body refrigeration plant couplings, thereby can utilize various energy resources, especially solar energy and various used heat useless cold easily, thereby reduced refrigeration plant depending on unduly to electric energy.Simultaneously because made full use of the used heat of refrigeration plant discharging and discharge when heating useless cold, therefore not only saved the energy again, also eliminated existing apparatus simultaneously because of discharging used heat and the cold harm of giving up to environment and neighbour.
The 3rd task of this patent provides the correct method that uses above-mentioned high performance refrigerating unit, and its concrete division is as follows:
Four, description of drawings:
Fig. 1, a kind of efficient single cold refrigerating plant of magnetization and flow chart (example one) that is used for the energy-efficient refrigerator of energy-storing-type, the schematic diagram of four kinds of operating mode titles, operating condition and its four three-way diverter valves of Fig. 2, above-mentioned refrigerating plant, Fig. 3, a kind of axial sectional structure that the high efficient magnetizing device in two magnetization gaps (abbreviation magnetic gap) is arranged, the A-A section structure of Fig. 4, this magnetizer; Fig. 5, the refrigerant system configurations and the working medium flow chart (example two) of a kind of efficient split multipotency (single cold-peace heat supply) economic benefits and social benefits hybrid refrigeration unit, Fig. 6, the schematic diagram of a kind of tube bank or shell and tube condensed water subcooler, Fig. 7, a kind of structure of board-like or flat pipe type condensed water subcooler, Fig. 8, a kind of structure of shell-tube type condensed water subcooler, Fig. 9, the B-B sectional structure of this device, Figure 10, a kind of structure of bushing type condensed water subcooler, Figure 11, the C-C profile of this subcooler, Figure 12, a kind of condensed water filters the structure of atomizing regenerator, Figure 13, a kind of longitudinal plane structure of telescopic or collapsible porous screen condensate evaporation regenerator, Figure 14, an evaporation element structure of above-mentioned evaporation regenerator, Figure 15, a kind of axial sectional structure of piezoelectric-type ultrasonic vibrator, Figure 16, the D-D section structure of this device that shakes, Figure 17, a kind of axial sectional structure of reed self-excitation ultrasonic vibrator, Figure 18, the E-E face section structure of the super sonic vibrator of this self-excitation, Figure 19, a kind of structure of two position three way directional control valve, Figure 20, a kind of 3-position-3-way changes the structure of valve a, Figure 21, another kind can be used for the local working medium tube line structure of indoor equipment in this example; Figure 22, a kind of multipotency efficiently mix the structure (example three) of heat pump refrigerating plant, the underground ice cell formula ground warm air of Figure 23, a kind of and this device coupling directly and the expanded view of indirect heat exchange cold supply system, Figure 24, another kind are can be with this refrigerating plant supporting and the buried ground warm air direct heat transfer cold supply system of tubular heat exchanger, the structure of Figure 25, a kind of solar air heater be housed; Figure 26, a kind of structure (example four) that the efficient indirect-cooling central air-conditioning of the multipotency refrigerated medium device for cooling of cold and hot energy storage double flute is arranged, the structure of Figure 27, another kind of 3-position-3-way reversal valve b; Figure 28, the multi-functional compression formula in a kind of multipotency source---the system architecture (example five) of ground warm water refrigeration cooling mixing arrangement, the structure of the two-chamber energy storage module of Figure 29, clock direct heat transfer, the structure of Figure 30, a kind of energy storage capsule, the structure of single chamber energy storage module of Figure 31, a kind of indirect heat exchange, Figure 32, a kind of F-F cutaway view that is contained in the latent wall formula room conditioning structure main wall inwall and that replace the energy storage masonry that buries, Figure 33, a kind of bury be contained in every the F-F sectional structure of two latent wall formula room conditioning; Figure 34, the structure of a kind of compression---absorption hybrid refrigeration unit arranged side by side (example six), Figure 35, plant by direct-cooled compression heat pump refrigerating plant and the absorption type refrigerating unit that air cooling evaporimeter or freezing cool equipment are arranged, local structure chart when forming combination side by side, Figure 36, the another kind of conjoined structure in its hot junction when above-mentioned two kinds of refrigerating plants make up side by side, Figure 37, when above-mentioned two kinds of refrigerating plants make up side by side, two installation sites of ventilation type evaporimeter in the air channel all, Figure 38, the structure of another kind of two position three way directional control valve b, Figure 39, the structure of the passive temperature adjustment freezing and refrigeration of a kind of independence indoor set, Figure 40, the structure (example eight) of the passive refrigerator of a kind of common independence, Figure 41, the structure of the passive refrigerating box of a kind of independence (example nine), Figure 42, the section structure of temperature or middle cryogenic fluid liquid pipe in a kind of inside and outside fin formula, Figure 43, a kind of low temperature of thermal insulation layer or section structure of low high temperature steam pipe of being set with, Figure 44, the structure of the third 3-position-3-way reversal valve c, Figure 45, the section structure of another kind of two position three way directional control valve c, Figure 46, a kind of process structure of whole fin-tube type air heat exchanger, Figure 47, the local structure for amplifying of above-mentioned fin, Figure 48, a kind of section structure of high efficient magnetizing device.
Five, the specific embodiment:
For simplifying the explanation book, the following drawings explanation and its Reference numeral are general only to be illustrated in preceding figure at it, if repeat in the figure of back at it, then please from checking among preceding figure.The title of various fluid media (medium)s, operating mode and the flow direction in the accompanying drawing, outside the person, see for details shown in the following table unless otherwise indicated:
Fig. 1-4 has described a kind of efficient refrigerator of energy-storing-type (1) of magnetizer and four three-way diverter valves or the flow chart of the whole efficient single cold refrigerating plant of magnetization (2) that other efficient cold storing and fresh-keeping equipment is used and structure chart (example one) of its main accessories of being equipped with.
Fig. 1: in the whole efficient single device for cooling of magnetization (2), its known regenerator (being cold trap) (3) is by its import and outlet working medium tube and four three-way diverter valves (abbreviation cross valve) (5) that are positioned at its import working medium tube entrance point, with main evaporator (4) and the auxiliary evaporator or surplus cool-heat-exchanger (4a) communication in parallel of this refrigerating plant.
Fig. 3: be fixed with the permanent magnet of making by the rare earth permanent-magnetic material of one or high energy product such as one group of iron cobalt boron or Hi-Rem (9) in shell (8) lumen centers of two-sided magnetization gap (abbreviation magnetic gap) (6) formula high efficient magnetizing devices (7) vertically coaxially.
Fig. 4: its permanent magnet (9) is located by the protruding ridge (10) and the respective slot on shell (8) internal chamber wall that are located on its neighboring, and then is adhesively fixed with heat-resisting water-fast glue 204 or J-08, is bound by end cap at last.At this moment, the just formation two roads magnetic gap (6) parallel between the internal face of the two magnetic pole strength S that distribute vertically and N and shell with its common axis.
Fig. 1 to Fig. 4: this refrigerator magnetizes whole high performance refrigerating unit (2) successively by known compressor (comprising frequency-changeable compressor and its frequency converter) (11) with energy-storing-type, forecooler (being the dividing wall type condenser/evaporator) (12), filter the filter in the magnetizer (13), condenser (14), warm liquid refrigerant tube connector in outer fin or the inner fin formula high pressure (warm liquid pipe or liquid pipe in the abbreviation) (15), the Adiabatic Capillary Tubes (being restricting element) (16) that thermal insulation layer is arranged, evaporimeter (4), there is the low-pressure low-temperature of insulated sheath to be incubated compositions such as steam state working medium tube connector (being called for short insulation low temperature steam pipe or steam pipe) (17) and existing environmental-protection refrigeration working medium R134a, since magnetization only within a short period of time effective, any or its assembly (18) in the magnetizer so also connected in the liquid pipe before the capillary of this device, in order fully to reclaim surplus cold in the low temperature steam pipe, also capillary (16) outside preceding liquid pipe (15), installed and stated the known centre vapour-liquid heat exchanger (being commonly called as regenerator) (19) that steam pipe (17) is connected, in order to reduce the impact of compressor exhaust line, also be parallel with known Pressure energy accumulator (20) in its outlet; Wherein, filter magnetizer (13) and form by filter and the magnetizer that is connected on this device port of export, and be connected at last compressor outlet after have outside the front end of high temperature gland steam exhauster (21) of wing fin; Described regenerator (3) is by thermally insulating housing (22), the cased dividing wall type cold-storage heat exchanger of making by screw tube in the path (being tubule) (23), be encapsulated in liquid water-ice or solid oxolane ten heptahydrates in the shell cold storage chamber (being inner chamber), or agent for storage of coldness (24) such as Ge Laobai salt, be coated on the thermal insulation layer (25) of outer surface of outer cover, and two working medium tube (26 that are communicated with the import and the outlet of heat exchanger (23), 27), form with the station shape of its spool of numeral among four position three-way valves (5) figure that this import working medium tube (26) outer end is communicated with, when this device (3) is assembled with refrigerating plant (2), it is in parallel with evaporimeter (4) by tee pipe coupling (or its three-way pipe contact) (28) and one four three-way diverter valves (5) that Ying Youqi imports and exports working medium tube, together be loaded on the interior top of shell (26) with other parts then, thereby become the built-in regenerator (3) in the whole refrigerator; Or it is in parallel with indoor heat exchanger by two quick change pipe joint (29) and above-mentioned two three-port structures (5.25) that the J pipe is housed, constitute the split type independent regenerator (30) that is independent of outside the refrigerator main body with this, during this device and refrigerator coupling, can be placed in the refrigerator body top that has strengthened or be placed on the special stand (not having figure) with the refrigerator coupling;
Described magnetizer (18) is meant that convection cell magnetizes one of known magnetizer of processing, or in the special efficient magnetizer of describing in this patent any, they all are made up of the shell that fluid inlet and outlet (31) are arranged (8) and one to multiple high-strength permanent magnet (9) or electromagnet (the two is referred to as field element).In addition, in order to reduce flow resistance, also respectively adorned its wedge point and aimed at the resistance awl (32) that disappears of above-mentioned import and export center respectively, and guaranteed described import (31) to be communicated with outlet (30) by its magnetic gap (6) at two ends of magnet.Simultaneously, for the intensive filtration effect and absorb residual moisture, also can establish one in capillary (16) liquid pipe (15) before again is the middle effect device for drying and filtering (33) of absorbent by middle filtering layer and silica gel or active alundum (Al.Simultaneously in order to prevent this device of lubricant pollution, and magnetizer reduces this oily greasy property, and all filters, drier and magnetizer all are contained in oil eliminator (34) pipeline afterwards.Wherein, filter or drier or device for drying and filtering (33) or capillary (16) also can be connected into one with magnetizer (7), produce and assembly manipulation with this simplified structure and minimizing.On the shutter member (being spool) of described four three-way diverter valves (5), have the oblique worker's passage in left side 1, the font of falling Y station passage 2, an inverted U-shaped station passage 3 and the oblique station passage 4 in the right side.
During this refrigerating plant (2) work, elder generation the dry and cold steam of low-temp low-pressure that comes from evaporimeter (4), is compressed into the supersaturation wet-hot steam of HTHP by compressor; Be cooled in the high pressure through condenser (14) then and lower the temperature through the capillary throttling again behind the geothermal liquid, send into evaporimeter heat absorption evaporation at last again, realize the food in the refrigerator is carried out the fresh-keeping and anticorrosion purpose of freezing and refrigeration with this; But in this process, refrigeration working medium is flowed through earlier behind oil eliminator (34) the filtering lubricating oil, enter forecooler (12) again the condensed water that comes from evaporimeter is carried out heating evaporation, and make self first cooling simultaneously, then, handle in dehumidified double purification and the magnetization of primarily efficient filter magnetizer (13) and medium air filtration drier (33) and magnetizer (7) internal cause again, so can reduce the viscosity (being surface tension) and the flow resistance of working medium, and the thermal resistance in the steam discharge resistance of compressor and the pipeline, and then also improved the flow velocity of working medium in pipeline, flow and the evaporation rate in evaporimeter (4), add that regenerator (19) can utilize the preceding cryogenic fluid vapour of compressor air suction mouth that the working medium that enters the fine, soft fur pipe was carried out cold treatment, so, can guarantee this device realization refrigeration efficiently.
In addition, in this device, owing to installed regenerator (3) and (30) additional, just can utilize the cheapness electric energy more than needed in the low power consumption time at night to carry out cold-storage (being ice making), remain into peak of power consumption or release when having a power failure colod-applicationly in fresh-keeping again on daytime then, therefore, its benefit is the rated power that both can improve the preservativity of refrigerating plant or reduce compressor, the power supply load of electrical network when having alleviated peak of power consumption again, and the electric energy when making low power consumption has obtained effective utilization.In addition, because the releasing cold process and can be controlled according to refrigerator insulation needs by automatic control system of regenerator, this not only can reduce the number of starts of compressor, can guarantee that also compressor is in economical operating condition all the time, so also can realize energy-conservation.Simultaneously, install automatically controlled four three-way diverter valves (5) in this device (2) internal cause, this not only makes pipeline structure simplify, and its function is increased, and applicable to existing general refrigerator or other refrigerating equipment are carried out the energy-storing-type upgrading.Figure among Fig. 2 and explanatory note four kinds of circulatory functions that can realize by the station of this valve of conversion.
Fig. 5 to 22 has described a kind of structure embodiment (example two) that is used for efficient split multipotency (Dan Leng) the hybrid refrigeration device be made up of the cold split high-efficiency air-condition of direct-cooling type list (35) and passive refrigerating equipment (36) and cold and hot three-flute.
Fig. 5: this refrigerating plant (37) has by the compressor (11) that is contained in the off-premises station (being hot junction equipment) (38), oil eliminator (34), filter (39), drier magnetization (40), the Supersonic atomizing heat regenerative system (41) of condenser (14) and condensed water and filtration atomizing regenerator (42) thereof, be contained in the Adiabatic Capillary Tubes (16) in the indoor apparatus of air conditioner (43) (being cold junction equipment), main evaporator (4), be contained in vapour liquid separator (44) and condensed water export structure (45) in the off-premises station; Working medium tube connector (46) in inside and outside two machines between each device, and warm working medium connects adapter (being tubule or liquid pipe) (15), the on-the-spot quick change pipe joint parts such as (28) that are incubated cryogenic fluid connection steam pipe (being extra heavy pipe or steam pipe) (17) and two pipes are formed in the inside and outside fin formula scene between inside and outside two machines.
Fig. 6: tube bank or tubular heat exchanger (48) are housed in tube bank or tubulation condensed water subcooler (48).
Fig. 7: known heat-exchangers of the plate type (50) is housed in board-like condensed water subcooler (49).
Fig. 8: shell-tube type condensed water subcooler (51) is made up of some capillaries (52), shell (53) and dividing plate (54) cased, that also inner chamber two ends of endoporus capillaceous and shell are separated.
Fig. 9: the capillary of this device (51) (little copper pipe) (52) is distributed in the whole inner chamber.
Figure 10: have in the internal and external finned tubes heat exchange structure (56) of inside and outside fin (120) bushing type condensed water subcooler (55) is housed.
Figure 14: the stretching structure that telescopic condensate evaporation regenerator (57) is combined into by hinge (59) by a plurality of porous screen evaporation elements (58).
Accompanying drawing 20: being provided with simultaneously on the shutter member (being spool) of manual 3-position-3-way reversal valve a (70) is the tiltedly station 1 of conducting structure of a left side from left to right, the station 3 of inverted U-shaped put-through channel and the station 2 of the shape of falling Y conductive channel, and wherein 2 is the positions that often go into operation.
Fig. 5 to 21: this has the energy-storing-type of cold and hot double flute to magnetize efficient split multipotency economic benefits and social benefits hybrid refrigeration devices (37) is by the cold split compression-type refrigeration of known list device (37) and accumulator (20), magnetizer (7), stated any (60) (the annotating: be the coiled condensed water subcooler 62 that spiral coil heat exchanger 61 is housed in this example) in the condensed water subcooler in its shell, condensed water filters atomizing regenerator (63), or ultrasonic atomizatio regenerator (42), telescopic condensate evaporation regenerator (57), external heat storage slot (64) or water heater (65), or heating (oven dry) case (instant heating case) (66) thrin, and the independent ordinary passive refrigerator (67) in parallel with indoor apparatus of air conditioner (43), or refrigerator-freezer (68) or one of cold storing and fresh-keeping counter or cold drink case (69) four, and connected sum is controlled the automatically controlled 3-position-3-way reversal valve c (70) of above-mentioned parts, or four three-way diverter valve d (5), three-way pipe or its node main parts size such as (28) constitute, where necessary, above-mentioned node (28) is located also available two position three-way valve (71) and is replaced, wherein, the structure of water heater (65) and heat storage slot (64) roughly the same, but it has set up electric heater (showing) under chamber or the shell within it, on its shell, be provided be communicated with its inner chamber and with the outside with hot equipment or with the place of hot water, or the cooling water of heating equipment connection or the hot-water line import (73) and the outlet (74) of carrier water, in described water heater (65) shell bottom is in the chamber hot working fluid interchanger (72) or cooling water and carrier heat exchanger to be installed simultaneously also within it, or constitute behind the heater such as chamber or outer fuel oil or combustion gas (comprising biogas) solar energy within it simultaneously, so that in the heat hot water in summer, or provide heat energy or hot water at any time with hot device to the outside, and in winter, then can or export water pipe heat supply in the room, or hot water is provided by heat exchanger.
On the shell (53) of all condensed water subcoolers (60), be equipped with the condensed water inlet nipple (75) and the outlet ozzle (76) that are communicated with its inner chamber, and be communicated with its built-in working medium inlet nipple (77) of stating various recuperative heat exchanger entrance ends and export ozzle (78), and their installation position must guarantee two kinds of fluid reverse flows each other, simultaneously, in order to reduce the harmful overheated of pipeline, at the outer surface of device, also be enclosed with known thermal insulation layer (25);
It is to have set up water inlet ozzle (75) back that is communicated with its inner chamber at water storage room (79) outer wall of known filtering type humidifier to constitute that described condensed water filters atomizing regenerator (63).Diagram (80) is the tubular porous filter core in this device, and (81) are air-breathing and the exhaust electric fan, and (82) are aspiration columns, and (83) are the airflow fences that is positioned at the water smoke outlet, and is ejected into the orientation of appointment by its guiding water smoke (84).During installation, this device is fixed on the air inlet side of outdoor heat exchanger (14).And guarantee that the spraying air-flow is consistent with the cooling air flow of this device.
The porous curtain face (85) that the porous evaporation unit (58) of described evaporation regenerator (57) is made by fibrofelt or nonwoven etc. supports the two-sided protecting wire net (86) of this act face and forms with high strength (metal) the safe edge circle (87) that is connected with typing this act face and net.Telescopic porous screen among Figure 13 is formed by connecting by hinge (88), in the sliding support of packing into then; Simultaneously, also can be assembled into hundred cascade types evaporation regenerator (seeing Figure 23) to this evaporation element (58) by support.When this device is installed, should be positioned at them the periphery of condenser (14) windward side one side, or be contained in the suction side of off-premises station (38).In summer during refrigeration such as air-conditioning, then launch this screen, allow the big droplet in the condensation water smoke that above-mentioned atomizing regenerator sprays drop on this panel, it is clean up to evaporation then to continue vaporization, therefore can reclaim the whole energy in the condensed water fully, comprise sensible heat and latent heat, simultaneously, again because this evaporation process can reduce the temperature of the used heat air that effluxes through condenser (14), so, but this solution is the energy in the high efficiente callback condensed water both, can thoroughly eliminate the harm of the generation that condensation directly effluxes again and to neighbour's harmful effect; But to winter, or when making this refrigerating plant in dry area, then can fold into telescopic evaporation screen the airintake wind-tunnel sidewall of condenser (14), or described hundred cascade type unit are forwarded to the orientation consistent with air-flow, eliminate its resistance the air-flow of the condenser of flowing through (14) with this.
The condensed water ultrasonic atomizatio regenerator (42) that the also available known ultrasonic humidifier that has installed the condensed water inlet nipple additional of above-mentioned all atomizing regenerators constitutes replaces; 89 is that venturi tube (91) in the ejection structure of the remaining condensed water of extraction from be contained in condenser and evaporation regenerator secondary water-collecting tray (90) down is outdoor axial flow blower among the figure.
Described water storage heat storage slot (64) is stored the used heat that is discharged by refrigerating plant in summer, hot water is used in the life of heating or it, then store the hot water that heats by external heat source (being solar water heater or combustion stove etc.) in winter, and when needed, by its import and outlet water pipe (73,74) this hot water is input into central heating system again, by the heat exchanger in this system (being radiator), this heat is discharged into to be transferred in the space regulated the room temperature; Or directly be input into water cooled condenser and be used for to this device heat supply defrosting;
Described heating (oven dry) case (66) is by the stand-alone shell that thermal insulation layer is arranged, be positioned at the heating or the drying chamber of shell, be contained in the dividing wall type storage heat-heat exchanger (72) of this chamber sidewall or bottom, by temperature, humidity and time sensor (being detecting element) etc., the automatic control system (92) that control apparatus and display element are formed, and the import of heat exchanger (72) and outlet working medium tube (26,27), and the three-way diverter valve d (5) that is connected in import working medium tube outer end forms, in case of necessity, also can set up fuel oil in its bottom, the auxiliary heater of combustion gas (comprising biogas) equal energy source constitutes the independently hot case of multi-source with this; Described passive refrigerating equipment (36) is meant passive general refrigerator (67) or passive common refrigerator-freezer (68), or passive cold drink case and counter (69) etc., they all only install evaporimeter (4,4a) with detection control system (92), they all have heat insulation casing, be positioned at the freezing and refrigeration chamber (promptly depositing object space) of shell, its tube coil type heat exchangers that crawl (4) etc. and automatic detection and control system (92) also are contained in the above-mentioned interlayer of depositing object space, when the refrigeration system of this inactive component and its main body air-conditioning is assembled, then by be connected with in its outer end one stated three-way diverter valve any import and the corresponding pipeline connection of outlet working medium tube or carrier (being the refrigerant pipe) and main body refrigerating plant, and with its evaporimeter formation cold-storage loop (93) in parallel.In addition, if install built-in regenerator (3) again additional at the top of above-mentioned refrigerating equipment, then can further constitute corresponding passive cold accumulation refrigerator (94), passive cold-storage refrigerator-freezer (95), and passive cold-storage cold drink case, passive cool storage refrigerated case or shelf and counter (96) etc., guarantee that to cold equilibrium is used and emergent need when having a power failure outage with this.
Described two position three way directional control valve a (71) is meant the triple valve that has a straight-through station passage 3 of a U-shaped and an oblique conducting station 4 in the right side on its spool simultaneously;
Because the refrigeration system of air-conditioning is different with the refrigeration system working environment of refrigerating equipment, all be to use different working medium to carry out work respectively generally at present, when using two kinds of working medium in this example, in order to guarantee that two kinds of equipment can be connected to each other coupling well, in the regenerator (3) of this refrigerating equipment, set up a dividing wall type especially and released cool-heat-exchanger (97), and formed independently enclosed and release cold loop (99) with evaporimeter (4) and automatically controlled adjustable throttling (98) or capillary and magnetizer in this equipment.
Diagram (100) is the automatically controlled stop valve of control idle call regenerator (3) interior cold-storage branch roads (101), and (102) are in the drive chamber or indoor and outdoors air and evaporimeter (4) indoor (centrifugal or through-flow) fan of carrying out heat exchange; (103) be and the ultrasonic vibrator of import working medium liquid pipe (26) bypass of independent passive refrigerating equipment (36), (104) are the level sensors of the one-level water-collecting tray of its condensed water; (105) be the object space of depositing in the described refrigerating equipment, (106) are the miniature self-priming water pumps in the condensed water ultrasonic atomizatio heat regenerative system;
Described vibrator (103) is piezoelectric-type ultrasonic vibrator (107) in this example, one of or (108) two kinds of structures of reed-type ultrasonic vibrator, wherein, the former is by its shell (109), be contained in the transducing body (110) in the outer mount pad, and the full skin bronze connecting line (113) that the electrode of vibration wave output face (111) is communicated with power lug (112) is constituted.Be provided with the import (77) and the outlet (78) of working medium or other fluid at its shell two ends, between two mouthfuls, be provided with resonant cavity (114), above-mentioned transducing body (110) promptly is contained in the mount pad of this chamber one end downside, in order to prevent electric leakage, between this and transducing body, be separated with the rubber or the plastic interlayer of high insulating property, diagram arrow (115) is the transmit direction of ultrasonic vibration ripple, and the latter is by the resonant cavity that fluid issuing ozzle (78) are arranged (116), the reed (118) that the inlet nipple (77) of fluid spout (117) is arranged and be contained in this spout center is formed, diagram r0 is that this sheet produces once hyperacoustic transmit direction under the excitation of inlet fluid, and R is its reflection direction of wave travel.When this device is installed, should be communicated with them with the long and more straight working medium tube of bypass branch road form and compressor outlet side.Because magnetization and vibration can both weaken the working medium molecule with the Van der Waals between the interior molecule (being viscosity), so the flow resistance of working medium in pipeline reduced.And ultrasonic wave also has the emulsification to liquid such as oil and water, and it and magnetization all have cleaning action to inner-walls of duct, therefore can reduce the exhaust resistance of compressor, improve the flow velocity of working medium, lubricating oil and the dirt deposition in pipeline can be prevented again, and then the heat exchanger effectiveness of two heat exchangers (4.14) can be improved.In addition,, therefore also might develop some original refrigerating efficiency height because ultrasonic wave has emulsification, but because of with the unadapted novel refrigerant of lubricating oil compatibility difference, so also realize the energy-conservation potential condition of having created further for refrigeration system.
Oscillator (125) and solder bond all-in-one-piece copper alloy electrode tight with it (111) that described transducing body (110) is made by the section of piezo-electric crystals such as quartz or barium titanate or lead zirconate titanate are formed.
In addition, when regenerator (3) being installed in the indoor cabinet-type air conditioner top that strengthens structure with independent member form or being linked to be integral body with its casing, then can form cabinet type indoor machine (107), simultaneously, when above-mentioned detection, when control is used for indoor apparatus of air conditioner (43) with display system (92), then also must set up within it by the audio frequency testing circuit, photo resistance, the automatic shutdown unit of artificial intelligence that element such as the time relay and logic circuit is formed, so that indoor unmanned or at dead of night people sleeping after, can shut down automatically, or by its reversal valve (5,70) and electrically-controlled valve (98,100) change cold-storage storage thermal condition over to, and then realize energy-conservationly, and prolong service life of equipment.
When this magnetizes efficient split multipotency economic benefits and social benefits hybrid refrigeration devices (37) work, except freezing by known cyclic process, and outside being transferred space input cold air, also can import cold and heat energy respectively to above-mentioned cold trap (3) or ice chest (36) and heat storage tank (64) or water heater (65) or hot case (66) at the electric energy of night during low power consumption, allow the cold trap cold-storage with this, heat channel storage heat is released the cold air-conditioning and ice chest and heat release given then more respectively and is given indoor and hot case in peak of power consumption or after having a power failure.What this device was different with known double flute energy storage refrigerating plant is:
1. can utilize various energy resources to heat simultaneously to above-mentioned heat channel storage heat, indoor set then can have two cold traps of a, b (3) it to be released cold; Owing to set up condensed water subcooler and its heat regenerative system, can the energy in the condensed water have been reclaimed comprehensively.
2. the hot case of above-mentioned energy storage (66), but except storing energy, also have to article food especially, the function that beverage and other items is incubated or dries, therefore, both save the manufacturing of equipment and purchased funds, can carry out recycling to its used heat again, therefore also reduced use cost, and alleviate the burden of power supply network when peak of power consumption, help the normal operation of electrical network.
3. because the increase of the function of this device, so both can make things convenient for the user, make again and increased new product line in the refrigeration plant family, promptly an off-premises station (38) (comprises wall hanging machine except dragging at least one indoor set, types such as window formula machine and furred ceiling machine) outside (43), the used heat in the time of also can dragging at least one passive refrigerator-freezer (68) or refrigerator (67) or refrigerating box or refrigerated shelf (96) even also can utilize its refrigeration drags water heater or terminal devices such as incubator or baking oven.
4. the cooling fins spacing of the heat exchanger of air-cooling refrigeration equipment such as existing air-conditioning is very little, is difficult to it is cleaned, and especially outdoor heat converter is suspended on outdoor, working environment is very abominable, easy incrustation not only, nor civilian dress unloads and defrost and clean in winter.This example is intertwined with piezoelectric plastics crude fibre silk in order to solve its cleaning and defrosting problem in the protection screen pack of the one side that contrasts evaporimeter (4) condenser (14), and formation supports cleaning net (86), this piezoelectricity silk all with the shared high frequency electric source of the ultrasonic device of having stated, so just can utilize condensed water, the condensed water that regenerator is carried, and automatically regularly start ultrasonic wave by automatic control system and clean net and this device (14) and (4) are cleaned, and can not prolong in time and descend so that guarantee the heat exchange property of this device with ultrasound wave defrosting in winter with condensed water and ultrasonic wave and condensed water acting in conjunction.
5. owing in its pipeline, set up magnetizer (2) and vibrator (103), both eliminated problems such as interior incrustation of pipeline and ice berg, improved the flow velocity and the heat exchange efficiency of working medium again simultaneously, thereby can guarantee that refrigerating plant efficiently moves.
Figure 21 has described with two-position four way change valve (abbreviation cross valve) (119) and automatically controlled two three-way diverter valves (71) and has replaced the local working medium tube line structure that aforementioned four position three-way valve a (5) are positioned at a kind of refrigeration system of indoor apparatus of air conditioner.
Figure 22 to 25 has described a kind of structure embodiment (example three) that is used to have the efficient split multipotency heat of mixing pump installation of cold and hot energy storage double flute and cabinet type heat pump air conditioner of direct-cooled efficiently split and follow-up freezing and refrigeration hybrid refrigeration unit.
Figure 22: the efficient split of this ventilation type (magnetization) multipotency heat of mixing pump installation (hereinafter to be referred as multipotency high-efficiency heat pump device or general designation multipotency high performance refrigerating unit) (121), it has known air cooling heat pump assembly (122), the accumulator of newly establishing (20), filter magnetizer (13), automatically controlled two-position four way change valve (abbreviation cross valve) b (119), condensed water subcooler (60), built-in or external energy storage groove (being cold and hot groove) (123) and heat storage tank (64) and condensed water injection atomizing heat regenerative system (124) and vibrator parts such as (103).In addition, energy-conservation in order further to realize, also can be communicated with the air inlet (125) of the air circulation duct of indoor apparatus of air conditioner (43) or off-premises station (38) with the air outlet slit of ground warm air cooling pipeline (126).
Figure 23, underground cellar formula of describing or the ice cell formula ground direct cold supply system of warm air (127), it is by cellar (promptly descending the space) (128), the primary air inlet of cellar (129) (the directly logical atmosphere of this mouth), be contained in airstrainer or filter (130) and air outlet slit (131) in this air inlet, and if the insulated door (132) of cellar is when forming its refrigerating plant and being air-conditioning equipment, then should directly be communicated with the air outlet slit of the underground space of this system (131) by appendix with indoor (promptly transferring the space), and at this outlet leading portion dress blower fan (being air blast), guarantee that with this air is successfully in the inlet chamber, the advantage of this pipeline is simple in structure, but because air humidity is difficult to control in its underground space, especially easy breed bacteria and pernicious gas, therefore air quality is poor, for this reason, shell and tube air main heat exchanger (abbreviation heat exchanger) (133) and its gas pipeline (134) made by the tubing such as metal tube of pvc pipe or lined with fluoroplastic material protective layer in this enforcement, have been set up, lead the way air and interchanger (133) carries out the side-mounted air circulation duct (135) of heat exchange, and driving blower fan (91), wherein, above-mentioned pipeline can be contained in this space or the sidewall, if when this space development is become ice cell or water tank type structure, then should lay watertight composition in its bottom, and open mudhole (136), diagram double dot dash line figure (137) is to be illustrated in to store the ice and snow of collecting from the field winter, so that condenser or the outdoor fresh air in the inlet chamber (138) in summer with its cooling refrigeration device, diagram (139) is the dividing wall type recooler that is contained in this bottom, space, cellar for storing things, and (140) are the precooling heat interchangers (abbreviation forecooler) that further utilizes cold in frozen water and the air; In order to guarantee that refrigerating plant can both move all the time efficiently, also should in refrigeration system, set up an auxiliary condenser b (14) in parallel with known condenser or connect, and be contained in the exhaust outlet of air circulation duct (135), so that summer temperature very high or when winter, temperature was very low, replace in short time or together heat with condenser a (14) or put cold.
In addition, also can directly be installed in the known condenser a (14) of refrigeration system in the exhaust outlet (141) of this underground space, or the cooling air inlet (125) of guiding to the condenser a (14) in the off-premises station (38) from the waste gas of this air outlet slit discharge further, so that improve the heat exchanger effectiveness of this device a.In order to increase the flow of heat exchange air, also must drive an auxilairy air intake (142) in addition at the suction end of its blower fan, and in mouth dress valve plate and fly net, wherein valve plate is used to control the air mass flow of the direct air inlet of gas, and this air inlet (142) should directly or indirectly be communicated with the interior space, so that whereby room air is carried out metabolism, its fresh air outlet (131) then should be directly with indoor, or the connection of the air inlet (125) of the blower fan (102) of the indoor set of air-conditioning (48).Diagram (143) is to build the stratum or the massif of this underground space.(144) be the peep hole that is positioned on the door, (145) are the sterilization ultraviolet lamps.In addition, also can adopt layering underground water storage device for cooling to replace this cold supply system.But,, only in medium-and-large-sized refrigerating plants such as unit air-conditioning and central air-conditioning, adopt because of the apparatus structure more complicated.Figure 24 is directly buried under stratum or massif (143) primary air heat exchanger (133,139), so that simplified structure reduces construction cost.At this moment, should be at the air inlet (129) of this device installing air cleaner (146) and the canopy of setting up defences (147), and the direct cold supply system of buried ground warm air (148) that above-mentioned two devices (133,145) and air outlet slit (131) is linked to be by its appendix (134).In addition, if when the import of this device and outlet all use tube connector and be positioned at indoor heat exchanger and be communicated with water pump warm water circulation time, warm water cold supply system drivingly with then also can constituting enclosed.
Figure 22 to 25: in this device (121), its known heat pump assembly (122) is successively by compressor (11), common high temperature steam pipe (21), oil eliminator (34), cross valve a (119), heating heat storage slot (64a) outdoor heat exchanger (being condenser) (14), Filter dryer (33), check valve a (149) and secondary capillary (150), main capillary (16), middle cryogenic fluid liquid pipe (151) and on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe (15), stop valve (100), indoor heat exchanger (being evaporimeter) (4), on-the-spot working medium steam pipe (17), known three-way diverter valve (152), silencer (153), filter (39), formations such as Europe or Greencool's refrigeration working medium are played in working medium tube connector (46) in the vapour liquid separator (44), indoor set (43) and off-premises station (38) and condensed water export structure (45) and its sea.But, present embodiment has moved on to described restricting element (16,150) and check valve (149) the import pipeline before of evaporimeter after condensator outlet, the filtration magnetizer (13) of in its HTHP steam pipe (21), having connected, any (60) in its low temperature liquid pipe (15), connected magnetizer (7) and the condensed water subcooler.Simultaneously, also locate by the liquid pipe (being tubule) before evaporimeter (4) import in this device and export after high low temperature steam pipe (being extra heavy pipe) locate respectively directly or (be passive indoor apparatus of air conditioner by triple valve C (5) or (154) and three-way pipe node one to multiple terminal passive refrigeration equipment of the same name or different name in parallel again, equipment of the same name such as conditioning indoor set, or ice chest: it comprises passive refrigerator or refrigerator-freezer, soda fountain), or fresh-keeping counter, or different name equipment such as ice machine, its concrete structure can see accompanying drawing 39 to 41 for details), so that the unnecessary cold (comprising the cold that the low power consumption electricity is produced with night) when utilizing this main body heat pump mechanism cold summer drives, and in winter, then recyclable discharge when should mechanism hot useless cold carries out work.The annexation of this end-equipment is: be communicated with the liquid pipe (being tubule) of its agent set (121) by its import working medium tube (15) and the 3-position-3-way reversal valve C (5) that is positioned at this pipe outer end, by its outlet working medium steam pipe (17) and evaporimeter (4) in that afterwards low temperature and high temperature steam pipe (160) are communicated with, in parallel with this this end-equipment with evaporimeter (4), and then can import cold energy by this parallel branch terminad equipment in summer, simultaneously, in order also to import the low temperature liquid working medium of discharging to the said equipment from evaporimeter (4) in winter, through condenser the low-temp low-pressure working medium vapour from this terminal device evaporation is returned compressor (11) again then, then also need set up a transition low temperature steam pipe (155) and be positioned at this pipe entrance point 3-position-3-way reversal valve b (7 "; the entrance point of this pipe is by outlet working medium steam pipe (17) communication of triple valve b and above-mentioned end equipment; the port of export is then by a venturi tube (89) and being communicated with at preceding working medium liquid pipe (15) that above-mentioned triple valve C (5) or (154) are located, and then this end-equipment and evaporimeter (4) are constituted simultaneously connect and with liquid pipe by-pass structure.Constitute winter from the terminal refrigeration plant the set up passage to condenser transporting low temperature steam state working medium with it, its process is controlled by triple valve b and c (5) or b (71) and c (154) two valves.
Described condensed water injection atomizing heat regenerative system (124) is by small-sized Middle pressure draught fan (156), and nozzle (157) is communicated with blower fan, and the venturi tube (89) of nozzle and condensed water export structure (45) and the drainpipe between each device (158) are formed; And the suction inlet of venturi tube is communicated with the drainpipe of condensed water secondary water-collecting tray (90) and the outlet of condensed water subcooler (60) simultaneously.
Be the shell-tube type structure shown in this figure, its energy storage agent can be low-melting salt.
Described energy storage groove (123) is contained in the top of indoor cabinet-type air conditioner (43), still, if during the absolute construction of split, then should be placed on the cabinet-type air conditioner top or directly and wall be built into one.At this moment, its shell can or strengthen pottery with concrete aggregate and make, and by its import and outlet working medium tube (26,27), automatically controlled four three-way diverter valve d (5) and a three-way pipe or its node (28) and the inboard the preceding low temperature of indoor heat converter (4) and middle temperature working medium liquid pipe (promptly low in warm liquid pipe) (159) and this device export after inboard low temperature and high temperature refrigerant steam pipe (promptly the high temperature steam pipe is hanged down in the inboard) (160) be communicated with, constitute parallel-connection structure with this and indoor heat exchanger (4), and form releasing cold or storing hot short distance closed circuit (93) of having stated with this device; Especially, can be connected with a water pipe that is connected with the drainpipe parallel connection of condensed water export structure (45) by a stop valve b (100) is thick in the bottom of this device, so that when xeothermic area this device of use (121), still can in the case of this groove (123), obtain the water that the high-temperature liquid state working medium in liquid refrigerant in the liquid pipe of flowing through and the condenser (14) is cooled off.Simultaneously, for blowdown, also be provided with the outlet of controlling by another stop valve (100) in this device bottom.
Described heating heat storage slot (being heating tank) (64a) is communicated with the cross valve a (119) of described heat pump assembly (121) and the outer high cryogenic fluid steam pipe (161) between the condenser a (14) for adjacent mouthful by its import working medium tube (26) and two of another two-position four way change valve b (119) that are positioned at this pipe outer end, the residue mouth of this valve b is communicated with known liquid pipe (low temperature liquid pipe or tubule in the specifically outer wing) (151), then be communicated with between the two the sender property outlet of condenser (14) and heating tank (64a) by the outlet working medium tube (27) of heat storage tank, promptly above-mentioned two devices being connected into its order of connection thus can exchange mutually, and alternately dispels the heat, storage heat, the single tube road multipotency reversible series connection short distance working medium passage (162) of heating and heat release defrosting.Therefore, in this passage, its outdoor heat converter (14) is a condenser, or subcooler, can be again evaporimeter; Its heating tank (64a) both can be used for storage in summer heat, also can be that cold trap is used to store cold in winter, perhaps rely on the low valley electric heater of establishing in it (163) as heating defrosting accessory, elder generation states the energy storage agent in the heating tank, and then by flow through working medium in the cold and hot energy storage heat exchanger (72) of this groove of this agent heating, defrost to being positioned at this groove condenser afterwards with this, in addition, this groove also can be by being used for heating, drying in summer, and the oven dry refrigerating box (being cool and hot box) (164) or the cold and hot energy storage groove (being cold and hot groove) (165) that can be used for cold storing and fresh-keeping in winter again replace; This groove (165) is that the latter is provided with or is connected with heater with the difference of heating tank (64a), so all heat-stored and heat supplies of the four seasons.Diagram (72) is the dividing wall type hot working fluid interchanger of this heat channel (64a) or cold and hot groove (165) or cool and hot box (164) usefulness.Diagram (166) is from solar water heater (seeing Figure 25,28) or fuel oil, the defeated pipe line of combustion gas external heat sources such as (comprising biogas, used heat) input hot water or steam, or directly by water or other energy storage agent in its built-in dividing wall type carrier heat exchanger (167) heating tank; Replace electric heater (163) with this, evaporimeter is defrosted, then in this groove (64a), take out hot water by its outlet water pipe (74) conversely in summer, to use it for anything else in winter.
Diagram (168) is the outside height wet pipe of heat pump assembly (121), and its heat storage tank is built-in structure.But for dwindling the volume of its off-premises station, then should in off-premises station, shift out and install automatic control and check system (92), to constitute independent passive heat channel, cold and hot groove and cool and hot box to this groove.
This heat pump assembly (121) is when using summer, at first driving cross valve a (119) earlier by conventional method makes refrigeration system change known cooling condition over to, if be provided with described or cold and hot groove (165) in this refrigerating plant hot junction, or during cool and hot box (164), then should drive cross valve b (119) again, " the reversible series connection short distance of multipotency working medium passage (162) places condenser (14) the high low temperature steam pipe in the outside before (161) to this groove or case; allow high temperature refrigerant vapour flow into earlier this groove or case; to the cold-storage heat-storing material heat release in the groove; or the material in the case dried; or processing such as heating; just enter condenser (14) then, carries out heat release once more and guarantees that working medium liquid realized cold by described; Simultaneously, if the cold junction at this refrigerating plant is provided with cold and hot groove (123), then should place triple valve d (5) 2 stations to make the indoor apparatus of air conditioner (43) of this device (121) in indoor cooling, or after room temperature reaches setting value, or indoor unmanned the grade in the usefulness cold clearance, connect dividing wall type energy storage heat exchanger (23) in this groove through cold-storage loop (93), continue to carry out cold-storage through cold-storage loop (93) by this refrigerating plant, perhaps release cold to evaporimeter (4) by this groove to this groove (123) transferring working medium liquid; In addition, if installed in parallel with evaporimeter (4) follow-up when setting up the passive of the same name or different name refrigeration plant of independence at this end, then should place 2 stations to triple valve c (5), triple valve b (71) is placed 3 stations, so that freeze to these follow-up equipment transferring working medium simultaneously by its on-the-spot liquid pipe (15) and steam pipe (17); On the contrary, if when using winter, then should keep the station of cross valve b (119) constant, make described heat channel (64), if cold and hot groove (165), or cool and hot box (164) be arranged in condenser (14) at back low temperature steam pipe, so that allow the cryogenic fluid liquid that comes from evaporimeter (4) earlier in condenser after the heat absorption evaporation, can continue in this groove heat absorption evaporation once more again and become dry saturated steam with overheated, at this moment, required heat energy can be provided by extra powers such as solar thermal collector or water heater or electric heaters, prevent from compression, to occur wet stroke with this, and when after the surperficial frosting of condenser (14), then can be dragged by equipped electric resistance sensor and its described control system (92), cross valve b transposition makes this heat channel, or cold and hot groove or cool and hot box be arranged in the liquid pipe before the condenser, so that provide the required enough heat energy that defrosts to defrost from heat channel (64) equipment of etc.ing to condenser.Simultaneously, also should place 4 stations being arranged in the aforementioned follow-up triple valve b (71) that sets up the on-the-spot low temperature steam pipe (17) of independent passive of the same name or different name refrigeration plant, so that these equipment are connected with evaporimeter (4) by transition low temperature steam pipe (155), closely guarantee under the situation that air-conditioner host heats, still can install the wasted energy of (121) discharging by this and continue to keep refrigeration, and then realize recycling of energy by these follow-up equipments.
In above-mentioned refrigeration with heat in the process, secondary magnetization and once ultrasonic processing also have been subjected to during in the HTHP steam state with at middle temperature or low temperature liquid respectively because of refrigeration working medium, so can guarantee working medium can flow with minimum flow resistance in pipeline, thermal resistance with minimum is carried out heat exchange, go out merit or the highest evaporation efficiency evaporation so that minimum surface is contrary, and heat with minimum frosting probability and the most effective defrosting mechanism.So when using this heat pump assembly, except can be energy-conservation in large quantities, also can normally heat below-15 ℃ even can also guarantee outside air temperature.
In addition, in order to utilize electric accumulation of energy and the storage heat of night during low power consumption, its built-in automatic control system should drag described special-purpose four position three-way valve a (5) to 15 or 2 stations, cold-storage heat exchanger (23) in the cold and hot groove (123) is cut in the refrigerating circulation of heat pump assembly and carries out cold-storage or heat accumulation, at this moment, cold that heat pump assembly (121) is produced or heat are that the mixed liquor of capsule and water is by cooling and crystallization or heat up with fusing by storage by agent for storage of coldness sodium water saliferous in the described cold trap or sodium acetate three water salt just, by the time when the daytime of peak of power consumption or power failure, and switch this valve a (5) in the intermittent phase of compressor stall again to 3 stations, allow it be communicated with through the low temperature of two ends of cold-storage heat exchanger (23) and evaporimeter (4) port of export and high temperature refrigerant pipe (160) and low temperature and middle temperature liquid pipe (159), link up the short closed circuit (93) of releasing cold or heat release with this, and then can be by evaporimeter to being transferred the space to discharge the cold or the heat energy of storage.Therefore air-conditioning can not cooling or the problem of heat supply when having a power failure before both can having solved, and can alleviate the power supply burden of power supply network when peak of power consumption again.And then also can reduce the probability that the overload operation and the loss of power accident appear in electrical network.And start energy consumption and the circuit accident problem cause because of high frequent.
All the other advantages of this heat pump assembly (121) are: can outwards provide life or it to use hot water by energy storage groove (64) or water heater (65) and defeated pipe line (73,74) thereof in summer, therefore, it is energy-conservation both can to have replaced known water heater realization, has eliminated the public hazards of bringing when waste hot gas effluxes again.Simultaneously, the end of low temperature liquid pipe (15) and low high temperature steam pipe (17) in the wing formula scene outside, also by special three-way reversal valve (5), or triple valve (154) and import and outlet working medium tube (seeing the dotted line figure) be connected with and follow-uply set up the of the same name or different name refrigeration plant (seeing Figure 24) of independent passive termination, so that can utilize cold work more than needed when summer.And in winter, therefore the useless cold work that then utilizes this heat pump assembly to discharge can be carried out energy fully with recycling.
Figure 26 to 27 described a kind of compression multipotency that is used to have reciprocation chiller group and energy storage double flute efficient between the structure embodiment (example four) of cold central refrigeration plant.
Figure 26: this refrigerating plant (201) is to have set up six to have stated magnetizer (7) in the pipeline of the cold water unit of known piston type list (202), an accumulator (20), a water storage heat storage tank (64) or heating, drying case (hot case) (66), burning boiler (203) and independent split regenerator (3) and refrigerator-freezer thereof or miniature cold storage (95) back constitute.Wherein, the cold water unit of piston type list (202) is made up of piston compressor (204), shell and tube condenser (205), cooling tower (206), Filter dryer (33), dry evaporator (207), many cold water fan coils (not showing), electric expansion valve or heating power expansion valve (208).This unit adopts R134a or ammonia refrigeration working medium, is dried stroke when guaranteeing work, is provided with vapour-liquid heat exchanger (being regenerator) (19) in pipeline.In order to control the flow of each arm working medium of input evaporimeter, also established Electromagnetic Flow control valve (98) in its import.
Figure 27: on the shutter member of the automatically controlled 3-position-3-way reversal valve of special use b (209), be provided with simultaneously and be 1 station of left-leaning conductive channel from top to bottom, 3 stations of inverted U-shaped straight-through conductive channel and 4 stations of Right deviation conductive channel, wherein, station 3 normal opens.
Figure 26 to 27: in this single cold water device (201), described magnetizer (7) is located at high temperature gland steam exhauster (21) respectively, in warm liquid pipe (15), in the water-supply-pipe (210) or return pipe (211) of the water-supply-pipe of chilled water (210) or return pipe (211) and cooling water, and available ultrasonic vibrator replaces wherein arbitrary, described heat channel (64) both can be a known configurations, also can be the energy storage masonry or buried wall formula room conditioning structure (referring to Figure 28 to 33).Simultaneously, can also be the bathing pool that is provided with heat exchanger (72), wherein, if when making heat storage slot with bathing pool, the hot water that can use by the waste heat bathing of this refrigerating plant discharging in summer then, and in winter can reclaim conversely again that the heat among the spent hot water regulates the room temperature after the bathing.Described hot case (66) is any in known heating, drying case or the incubator, working medium of its storage heat-heat exchanger (72) import and export respectively directly or by a 3-position-3-way reversal valve (70) (also available two position three way directional control valve shown in Figure 19 (71)) and a three-way pipe node (28) alternately with high temperature outside wing gland steam exhauster (21) serial or parallel connection bypass.
Described boiler (203) can be coal-fired, fuel oil, the steam of combustion gas (comprising biogas) and fuel such as organic garbage of city and agriculture straw and in the water heater any, and connect water pipe by transition and see that a dashed graph and an automatically controlled 3-position-3-way reversal valve (209) and a three-way pipe (28) are communicated with the water-supply-pipe and the return pipe of chilled water respectively, and with evaporimeter (207) composition parallel-connection structure; Described regenerator (3), be still and state in the structure any, and its working medium is imported and exported through expansion valve (208) and two working medium tube, one four position three-way valve (5) and three-way pipe or node respectively with state liquid pipe (15) and steam pipe (17) is communicated with, the parallel branch of formation evaporimeter.In order to quicken this device in the cyclic process of releasing when cold, a check valve (149) and a bypass branch road of forming by barrier film working medium pump (214) and its tube connector also in its backhaul (being steam pipe), have been set up, and constituted unidirectional automatic cold-storage and bypass by this branch road and check valve and drive and release cold short distance pipeline (215), and then make this regenerator and evaporimeter (207) form unidirectional conducting cold-storage bypass driving to release cold loop (216).Diagram (217) is the cooling water circulation line in this device, (218) be carrier or chilled water circulation line, its terminal device can be to be connected in parallel on equipment such as known cold water fan coil in this loop or persuader, or this equipment and this patent described passive, cold storing and fresh-keeping equipment and energy storage case, regenerator and bury wall formula cold-storage energy storage masonry or coil pipe (referring to Figure 28 to 33) the independently passive different name energy saving accessories of etc.ing, (219) are the water pumps of driving chilled water and cooling.
During this refrigerating plant work, in summer, earlier 3-position-3-way reversal valve (70) is placed 1 station, four three-way diverter valves (5) place 4 stations, and the two position three way directional control valve in the chilled water pipeline (71) places 3 stations, just have been communicated with the known pipeline of known handpiece Water Chilling Units (202) thus, starting compressor (204) then can be by this machine, expansion valve, condenser (205), evaporimeter (207) and vapour-liquid heat exchanger (19) carry out known kind of refrigeration cycle.But reduced the flow resistance of working medium owing in this pipeline, having set up magnetizer (7), surface when thermal resistance during heat exchange and working medium evaporation is against going out merit, therefore, the flow velocity and the heat exchanger effectiveness of working medium all increase, and then its Energy Efficiency Ratio also is significantly improved accordingly.
In this process, if when the 3-position-3-way reversal valve (70) that is arranged in high temperature steam pipe (21) is dragged to 1 station, can flow through earlier water storage heat storage tank (64) or hot case (66) of high temperature refrigerant steam then, and be stored in the water of its inner chamber, and then use for the user by hot water or steam pipework (74) output by energy storage heat exchanger (166) heating.Simultaneously, if this valve is dragged to 2 stations, can flow through simultaneously its main line and bypass branch road of working medium then.Therefore, in refrigeration, the water in also can heating cabinet, but because of the flow through flow of heat exchanger (166) of working medium reduces, so its firing rate is slack-off.
Equally, if drag to 1 station being positioned at four three-way diverter valves (5) that liquid pipe (15) locates, then this system can utilize the electric energy of night during low power consumption to carry out cold-storage, then by the time daytime peak of power consumption or when having a power failure, can switch to 3 stations to this valve, link up the main cold closed circuit (93) of releasing with this, and start working medium pump (212) and force to release cold circulation, and by evaporimeter (207) and refrigerant pipeline (217) to stating equipment cooling such as passive refrigerating box with cold space or its coupling.In addition, also can switch to 2 stations to valve (5), make this device in refrigeration, also carry out cold-storage.Though this moment, the speed of cold-storage was slack-off, both can satisfy need be with cold, cold-storage again, and its with cold than hour needs.
Yet in winter during to indoor heating, then should drag be arranged in the chilled water pipeline 3-position-3-way reversal valve (209) to 4 stations, and boiler (203) is switched in the chilled water circulation line (217), and start water pump (216) and boiler by this refrigerant pipeline and its terminal utensil to warming oneself with the heat space heat supply.Owing to during heat supply, need not use evaporimeter (207) parts extremely the preceding, therefore, both can prolong the service life of this device, avoided this refrigerating plant very low problem of its efficient when heat severe winter again.Be used for air conditioning when this unit but during simultaneously to refrigerating equipment coolings such as refrigerator (95) or miniature cold storages, then still can in its cold trap (3), set up the described cold loop (99) of independently releasing.
Figure 28 to 33 has described the structure embodiment (example 5) of the multipotency source high efficiency heat pump refrigerating device arranged side by side (222) of a kind of multipotency source high-efficiency heat pump handpiece Water Chilling Units arranged side by side (221).
Figure 28: above-mentioned heat pump assembly (222) comprises known cold (being water-cooled) compression heat pump refrigerating plant (223), in the magnetizer any (18), solar water heater (heat channel) (224), two sources or polynary heat storage slot (225), formula ground, two ponds warm water cold supply system (226), external independence regenerator (cold trap) (30), or passive refrigerator-freezer (95,69), or refrigerator (94,96), passive independent cool and hot box or shelf (164), or the latent wall formula air conditioning chamber inner structure (227) of cold and hot groove (165), energy storage multitubular boiler (203) and by if energy storage unit (228) latent wall formula or the cold and hot energy storage masonry parts such as (229) of wall formula formed are formed.
Figure 29: in the inner chamber (231) of the two-chamber contact heat-exchanging energy storage module (being building block) (230) of above-mentioned energy storage masonry (229), filled the energy storage capsule (232) of having one's bosom filled with.
Figure 31: in the inner chamber (231) of single chamber partition heat exchange energy storage module (or building block) (233), be provided with recuperative heat exchangers (167) such as (snakelike or spirality) coil pipe.
Figure 32: it is that main evaporator (4) or working medium energy storage heat exchanger (23) or serpentine coil or calandria refrigerant partition heat exchanger (167) directly are packed in main wall body of wall (234) madial wall, constitutes latent wall formula room conditioning structure (235) with this.
Figure 33: it is that in the above-mentioned heat exchanger any directly is packed in the double wall formula room conditioning structure (236) of burying that constitutes in internal partition wall body of wall (234) the two side sidewalls.
Figure 28 to 33: in this device (222), the condenser of described compression heat pump device (223) (being the hot junction heat exchanger) (237) and evaporimeter (being cold-side heat exchanger) (238) are plank frame, all are in series with any (224) of magnetizer in the import working medium tube of two devices.
Simultaneously, in the hot junction of this device (222) (being the outside of condenser): its cooling water circulation line (218), form by water pump a (219) and cooling tower well-known components such as (206), and in the water-supply-pipe (212) of the import or export end of this water pump or return pipe (213), be in series with above-mentioned magnetizer; Described solar water heater (224) is any in the known configurations, and is used for cooling water and chilled water are handled the purpose that improves heat exchanger effectiveness to reach.Its import water pipe (212) is communicated with by the water-supply-pipe (212) of water pump a (219) port of export in the cooling water circulation line (218) of three-way pipe or joint a and condenser (237), or be communicated with the return pipe (213) of cooling water heat inverting chamber (239) port of export, its outlet water pipe (74) is communicated with the water-supply-pipe of the entrance point of this water pump by known triple valve b (152), in parallel and connect with this with cooling water heat inverting chamber (239) and cooling tower (206) in this circulation line, and the bypass heating in parallel and series connection that the forms shared water pump a branch road (240) that defrosts; Described two source heat storage slots (241) are by the heat of cooling water heat exchanger (167) in the cased chamber of its thermally insulating housing (242), and the cold and hot energy storage heat exchanger of dividing wall type working medium (72) and its liquid and solid high temperature energy storage agent (243) are formed; Wherein, heat exchanger (167) is exported stage casing (244) bypass in parallel of water pipe by the triple valve c (71) of its import water pipe (73) and entrance point and outlet water pipe (74) and three-way pipe node d and water heater (225); In addition, its storage heat-heat exchanger (72) is communicated with the high low temperature steam pipe (161) of heat pump assembly by the triple valve f (209) of the high low temperature steam pipe in the heat insulation scene of its import (26) and its entrance point, be communicated with the middle low temperature liquid pipe (151) of heat pump assembly by the on-the-spot liquid pipe (27) of low temperature and its three-way pipe node g in the outer wing formula of its outlet, diagram (245) is the water storage room of solar water heater, (246) be the sewage draining exit of binary heat storage slot, with this with condenser in hot working fluid inverting chamber (247) bypass in parallel, simultaneously, also such mechanical development can be become two source regenerators (248) of water-ice agent for storage of coldness, but should import and export working medium tube (245 to it this moment, 246) annexation by the passive refrigerator of diagram (69) is connected with heat pump assembly (222), and the import and export pipe (73 of its carrier heat exchanger (72), 74) should with medium circulation pipeline (217) serial or parallel connection; Described pair of pond formula ground warm water cold supply system (226) be by hot-tub (249), water cooling pond (250), embankment (251) between two ponds, is located at the tubular heat exchanger (252) lower floor between this ground or embankment or two ponds, the drinking-water pipe (253) of water filter (39) is housed and the cooling water drainpipe (254) and cooling water circulation line (218) composition of nozzle (159) are housed in its outlet in import department.Wherein, drinking-water pipe is communicated with by the water-supply-pipe (212) that triple valve h (5) is communicated with water pump a entrance point, drainpipe (254) is communicated with the return pipe (213) of cooling water circulation line (218) through triple valve i (71), thereby constitutes the open type short distance cooling in parallel loop (255) of shared water pump a with above-mentioned heat exchanging chamber (239).Diagram (256) is the ground warm water source.In addition, above-mentioned pond also can be by replacements such as swimming pool (comprising bathing pool), spring, pool, river, lake, sea, well and underground water sources, with simplified structure and one-object-many-purposes.
Cold junction (being the outside of evaporimeter) in this device (222): its refrigerant or carrier water circulation pipe (217) are by water pump b (219), state magnetizer (224), refrigerant water-supply-pipe (210) and return pipe well-known components such as (211), and be parallel between two pipes, and there be indirect-cooling cold water fan (257), cold water to sit bedding (258), cold water fan coil (259) successively, be provided with fin-tube type main heat exchanger (260) and the window formula indoor set (262) of the secondary heat exchanger of the coiled that crawls (261) that combines with interior window skirt.The window formula indoor set (263) that has only main heat exchanger (260) has only the window formula indoor set (264) of serpentine coil auxiliary heat exchanger (261), and has stated air conditioner equipment (265) composition in the cold storage chamber.Wherein, other structure of window formula indoor set can be referring to application for a patent for invention 03107819.2, and, above-mentioned indoor equipment is communicated with refrigerant water-supply-pipe (210) by its import water pipe (73) and triple valve j, its outlet water pipe (74) then directly is communicated with refrigerant return pipe (211), all forms parallel-connection structure with the refrigerant heat exchange chamber (266) of this closed circuit (217) respectively with this; Described passive independent cool and hot box (164) is for stating structure, and by its import water pipe (73) and triple valve k (5) with state water-supply-pipe (210) and be communicated with, by its outlet water pipe (74) with state return pipe (211) and be communicated with, with refrigerant heat exchange chamber (266) the composition parallel-connection structure in this and this circulation pipe; Described multitubular boiler (228) also is a known configurations, but spirality or calandria carrier heat exchanger (167) are housed in its reservoir, simultaneously, during the assembling of it and medium circulation pipeline, both can directly or indirectly be communicated with by the water pipe of entering (73) of heat exchanger (167) with the refrigerant water-supply-pipe (210) of water pump b (219) port of export in the medium circulation pipeline (217), also can this pipe through the outlet water pipe (74) of cool and hot box (164) and its triple valve L indirectly with state return pipe (211) and be communicated with, and its outlet water pipe (74), then through triple valve m directly or indirectly with triple valve L after the return pipe (211) with being positioned at heat exchange chamber (266) entrance point be communicated with, and constitute with this and to be in parallel not only but also to be the defeated hot branch road (267) of boiler of cascaded structure with this heat exchange chamber, (268) be the interior hot working fluid inverting chamber of evaporimeter, this stove both can be used for cold-storage in summer, also can be used for heating life or it uses hot water, and to winter, then mainly with it to indoor end-equipment heat supply or hot water is provided simultaneously; In addition, also available combustion gas or fuel-oil water heater or stove and accessory replace this boiler, especially can replace this boiler with the heater of solar water heater (225) or other waste heat source, reduce consumption and reduction use cost to commercial energy whereby further.
Between the cold junction of this device: described energy storage masonry (229) is built formation by laying bricks or stones by some energy storages unit (269), and the energy storage unit is made of a plurality of two-chamber energy storage modules (230) or single chamber energy storage module (233) adhesion assembling.When assembling this body, be communicated with the outlet water pipe (74) of multitubular boiler through water pump c (216) and triple valve n by its import water pipe (73), the outlet water pipe (74) of this body then is communicated with the end of the import water pipe (73) of solar water heater (225) by triple valve O, both constituted thus winter by water pump c (216) from boiler to the energy storage masonry, or bury wall formula room conditioning structure (227), or this air conditioner structure masonry and solar water heater, cooling water heat inverting chamber (239) and other hot junction equipment refrigerant long-range water transport channel (270) of carrying refrigerant hot water even, the condenser (237) to heat pump assembly (222) provides defrosting and eliminates the hot water that ice berg is used under hot water or the steam of storing heat energy and the operating mode that is starting water pump a (219) so that can transport to energy storage masonry (229) from boiler in the winter time, can carry heating-supplied chilled water to solar water heater (225) again.Diagram dotted line (271) is the last bridge-type transition conduit that constitutes energy storage masonry (229) backhaul passage, and its entrance point directly is communicated with the outlet water pipe (74) of this masonry.The port of export then is communicated with the import water pipe (73) of boiler through triple valve p (5), constitutes short distance storage soft circulation circuit (272) from boiler to masonry that carry defeated hot water from boiler water pump c and masonry (229) thus; In winter, can constantly import heat energy from boiler to masonry by this loop; Illustrate long dotted line (273) as going up transition conduit in aforementioned long-range water transport channel (270) the backhaul water pipe, the entrance point of this pipe is communicated with outlet water pipe (74) stage casing of solar water heater through threeway Q, with this and water pump C, energy storage masonry and solar water heater were formed in winter, carried the intermediate range storage soft circulation circuit (274) of storage hot water to this masonry (229) from this water heater (225); Diagram right side transition conduit (275) is used for that transition conduit (273) is communicated with the import water pipe (73) of boiler through threeway m handle on, promptly forms in winter with refrigerant long-range water transport channel (270) with this and stores hot loop (276) by the long-range that water pump C fails hot water from water heater (225) and boiler (203) while to the masonry conveying; Simultaneously, because water heater (225) is directly in parallel with chilled(cooling) water return (CWR) (218), boiler (203) is in parallel with refrigerant loop (219), and energy storage masonry (229) with their respectively or in parallel simultaneously or connect, therefore, this masonry also can be in parallel with chilled(cooling) water return (CWR) (218) and refrigerant loop (217) respectively indirectly.
In addition, in order to utilize the ground temperature energy fully, when summer temperature not too high but must be to cold junction indoor equipment (257,258,259,262,263,265) cooling and then carry out cold-storage, fresh-keeping and when being transferred the space cooling, then can start the water pump a in hot junction, by extracting ground temperature cold water (256) from water cooling pond (250) by drinking-water pipe (253), and then successively through the import water pipe (73) and the triple valve o of solar water heater, and energy storage masonry (229), with check valve b (149), energy storage heat exchanger (167) and import water pipe (73) thereof in the boiler, or directly through last transition water pipe (271), then continue import water pipe (73) and triple valve (213) again through boiler, the ground warm water long-range water transport channel (277) that heat exchanger of refrigerating box (167) and import water pipe (73) thereof and refrigerant water-supply-pipe (210) constitute, and this water input has been stated in each terminal indoor refrigeration plant, replace known refrigerating plant (223) cooling and realize energy-conservation with this, then, this cold water under water pump b (219) drives again successively through refrigerant return pipe (211), with the water pipe of going out (74) by boiler, in go up transition water pipe (273), with its triple valve Q, the outlet water pipe (74) of water heater (225), triple valve R (5) and its left side transition conduit (278), CWR (213), triple valve (71), drainpipe (254), and the ground warm water long-range backwater channel (279) that nozzle (157) constitutes enters ground temperature hot-tub (249), and when flowing through ground temperature heat exchanger (252), Returning water pond (250), back is lowered the temperature.At this moment, just by the long-range water transport channel (277) of this ground temperature cooling water (256), the refrigeration plant of described cold junction (259.262.263.265) etc., and cooling water long-range backwater channel (279) forms and compression heat pump device (223) single-cooling type ground temperature water air-conditioning or long-range cooling loop (280) arranged side by side, and further forms the disjunctor assembled highly-effective arranged side by side cooling apparatus (281) that freezes by these two kinds of refrigerating plants.Because this installs head and the tail disjunctor, makes all intercommunications of indoor equipment of its water pump, boiler, cold and hot groove, solar water heater and two ends, not only makes designs simplification, and its energy can complementary and balancedly utilization.In addition, with the auxiliary equipment of the two refrigerating plants couplings of above-mentioned disjunctor in, described regenerator (30) or passive refrigerating equipment (68,69,94,95), all be to have stated structure, the import working medium tube of its cold-storage heat exchanger (23) or evaporimeter (4) (the on-the-spot liquid pipe of low temperature promptly) (15) directly is communicated with the middle low temperature liquid pipe (151) of heat pump assembly (223), its outlet working medium tube (being heat insulation on-the-spot steam pipe) (17) is communicated with the low temperature steam pipe (17) of heat pump assembly through triple valve s (209), be the cold-storage of parallel-connection structure and release cold branch road (282) with this hot working fluid inverting chamber (268) that constitutes in the evaporimeter with heat pump assembly, can utilize the part more than needed of heat pump assembly institute refrigerating capacity in summer, or the electric energy institute cold storage capacity work during with the low valley of electricity consumption, and in winter, the useless cold worst cold case of keeping of being discharged in the time of then can utilizing heat pump assembly to heat.
Above-mentioned two-chamber contact heat-exchanging module (230) is by forming with pottery, CBC or by the rectangle two-chamber shell made from the cement of fiber or polymer enhancing or with metal, heat resistant plastice (283) and solid block energy storage agent (284) or energy storage capsule (232).This shell is made of two joint pancake side's bucket spares (287) butt joints that refrigerant or working medium import (285) and outlet (286) are arranged, and strengthens and separation with dividing plate (288), is bonded and sealed with heat-resistant adhesive more at last.Simultaneously, one side, be provided with the boss or the fin (290) of location usefulness at its another side, so that when building by laying bricks or stones, can locate exactly at the hole that is provided with the location or the groove (289) of shell.In order to prevent that particles such as energy storage agent or capsule from escaping from each hole, and porose inwall side be provided with filter (291); Described energy storage capsule (232) is pressed into the butt joint of thin shell piece (292) back by poly-third gradegrade C heat resistant plastice of two slit bamboo or chopped woods or heat conduction corrosion resistant metal pattern and constitutes.Be packaged with sodium acetate three water salt within it in the chamber and add lithium fluoride, or solid energy storage agent (293) such as Ge Laobai salt; Described single chamber partition heat exchange energy storage module (233) is by its rectangular enclosure (294), and coil pipe or other dividing wall type evaporimeter (41) or refrigerant or cooling water heat exchanger (167), liquid in the package casing or the mixture of having stated solid energy storage agent (232.284) or these two kinds of energy storage agent are formed.Wherein, shell is made of monolateral flat side's bucket part (295) butt joint that is provided with installing hole of two slit bamboo or chopped woods, and strengthens sealing with square lining ring (296) and heat-resistant adhesive.For intensity and the rigidity that improves shell, wall and outer surface are equipped with reinforcement sheet (297) within it.Wherein, outside muscle sheet also can play positioning function when building by laying bricks or stones.Diagram (298) is the import or export ozzle of its heat exchanger.
In addition, the structure of above-mentioned masonry or unit, also can be different with material and be developed to the masonry or the unit of storage heat or cold-storage or storage heat and cold-storage by its annexation, wherein, when being used to store when hot, the shell of its module (283), thermal insulation layer and storage thermit powder all will be selected heat proof material for use, when being used for cold-storage, then need select anti-cold cryogenic material for use.When being used for cold and hot groove, then should select heat-resisting anti-cold material for use.
When this energy storage masonry is installed, the Ying Zaiqi periphery covers thermal insulation layer (25), but if it is installed in the internal partition wall of being transferred the space, or during its main wall inboard, then should allow it directly contact with air towards the surface of being transferred the space, and preferably also the heat exchange fin is set on this surface of energy storage body, so that replace known heat exchanger directly to being transferred the space to release energy by this body.Simultaneously, when controlling the rate of release of energy if desired, then also can be further outside this fin face, cover a telescopic collapsible or mural painting movably, or ornament, even covering (not having figure) such as louvered curtain.So that control the rate of release of energy by the size of control air and this block heat-transfer surface.
In order to utilize the useless cold of ground temperature energy and heat pump assembly in winter (218) discharging more fully, also be parallel with cooling water circulation line (175) in its hot junction and both constituted bypass parallel branch (299), constitute the passive cold drink case or the illustrated fresh-keeping counter (69) of series pipe (300) again, the import water pipe (73) of the dividing wall type cold water heat exchanger (176) of these shelf is communicated with the water-supply-pipe (212) of stating of pump outlet by triple valve t (5), its outlet water pipe (74) by triple valve U with state drainpipe (254) and be communicated with, be formed in thus and fetch water to the shelf cooling from water cooling pond (250) by water pump a (219) summer, row advances the open type ground temperature cooling water cooling closed circuit (301) of hot-tub (249) again then, diagram down transition water pipe (302) and triple valve v (71) be the import water pipe (73) of above-mentioned shelf with state that drinking-water pipe (253) is communicated with and with the passage of this structure series loop (300).This loop is made up of end, transition conduit (302), water-supply-pipe (212), water pump a (219), cooling water heat inverting chamber (239), return pipe (213), first section of drainpipe (254) and the outlet water pipe (74) of these shelf of the terminal drinking-water pipe of import water pipe of these shelf, useless cold when heated heat pump assembly by cooling water by water pump a (219) winter imported the heat exchanger (176) of these shelf from condenser (237), and then discharges to the article that refrigerated.And in summer, then enable parallel branch (299) and give cold.Diagram (303) be the efficient combining heat pump device of magnetization (222) in summer by heat exchanger (72) to the defeated heat of two source heat storage slots (64), and in winter, especially when the night in winter or cloudy day, then the energy from this heat channel heat absorption shifts branch road.Mix physical efficiency for the still higher working medium vapour-liquid of temperature that come out from this energy storage groove (64) summer and obtain the condensation of lowering the temperature once more, also be contained in triple valve W in the liquid pipe (246) of this branch road (303), be provided with the transition working medium tube (304) that is communicated with condenser (237) working medium import by string.Another function of this passage is when winter, temperature was very low, the cryogenic fluid gas that assurance is flowed out from condenser (237) is flowed through and is store heat-heat exchanger (72), fully evaporated so that from this energy storage groove, absorb heat once more, and then eliminated wet stroke, and the Energy Efficiency Ratio when improving this device and heating.(74) be the hot water outlet ozzle of in binary heat storage slot (225) and the showing tremendous enthusiasm pipe boiler of energy storage (203), emitting hot water.(305) be the sunlight of irradiation solar water heater, (306) and check valve a constitute the tube connector of solar water heater (224) to the defeated hot loop of heat storage slot (64).The triple valve that does not mark patent marking among Figure 36 all is to have stated triple valve (70) or (209).
For simplified structure, also available calandria, or coil pipe type hot working fluid interchanger (4,23,72), or refrigerant heat exchanger (133,139,167), the latent wall formula air conditioning chamber's inner structure (227) that directly is packed in main wall inboard or internal partition wall body of wall (234) two sides and constitutes, replace above-mentioned energy storage masonry (229), at this moment, above-mentioned internal partition wall body of wall promptly is the energy storage agent, wherein, when heat exchanger adopts evaporimeter (4), or cold-storage heat exchanger (23), or during hot working fluid interchanger (72), then import and export working medium tube (26 by it, 27) directly in parallel with the evaporimeter of main body refrigerating plant, and employing refrigerant heat exchanger (133,139), then must import and export working medium tube (73 by its refrigerant, 74) be communicated with the cooling water or the medium circulation pipeline of agent set.(307) among Figure 32 and 33 be adopt by thermal conductivity fillers such as carbonization silica sand, and the mortar of reinforcing materials such as the short silk of glass fibre, heat-resisting, water-fast and freeze proof 204 glue and the cement thermal conductivity cement modulation of making fill and smear the finish coat that forms between the above-mentioned heat exchanger, (308) then are to prevent that energy is from the lost thermal insulation layer of main wall body.
Screen-type or hanging type indoor apparatus of air conditioner (309) that above-mentioned latent wall formula air conditioning chamber's inner structure (227) and energy storage masonry (229) also can constitute with ornament such as embossment and working medium or refrigerant heat exchanger and their independent detection, control and display system (92), or with flower window and above-mentioned heat exchanger with stated detection, control and display system (92) and constitute, adopting the passive indoor benefit of establishing of above-mentioned independence is both can save indoor fan, save the interior space and improve Energy Efficiency Ratio, can satisfy user's special requirement again.
Equally, in order to satisfy user's multiple demand, air-cooledly stated the indoor cabinet-type air conditioner of hybrid air-conditioning (311) or stated the fan-type indoor apparatus of air conditioner (312) that detection, control and display system and casing constitute for one also can be in above-mentioned medium circulation pipeline in parallel again by fin-tube type refrigerant heat exchanger (260), blower fan and its;
In order more effectively to utilize natural cold-energy, also can with prestore winter snows or winter ice or winter cold air or store the useless cold of discharging when having heat winter or with the frozen water of this cold production or equipment such as basement, underground ice and snow storehouse or the underground ice and snow pond replacement above-mentioned pair of pond formula ground temperature water system (226) of ice and snow by refrigerating plant; Simultaneously, also can directly make up compressor (11,164) with known wind power generation plant or hydroelectric installation, constitute the wind power generation refrigeration of having stated respectively with this and mix unit or water-energy generating electricity refrigeration mixing unit, and replace aforementioned refrigeration unit (318,319), and improve the utilization ratio of equipment.
The compressor of above-mentioned each refrigerating plant can be a known configurations, and available variable-frequency motor drives and controlled by fuzzy control circuit automatic control technologys such as (or CDT digital circuits).In addition, in order to improve the utilization ratio of energy further, and simplified apparatus structure, also can directly drive this compressor converted using by clutch and gear by the known hydraulic turbine or windmill, needs with full user from far-off regions, and eliminate existing power-equipment with this and cause a large amount of losses of conversion efficiency and make equipment become complicated, and the high problem of cost because of carrying out multiple conversions to energy.And then the user who guarantees waterpower and the sufficient area of wind energy resources can reduce significantly and purchases and use cost.
Simultaneously in above-mentioned each refrigeration plant, all grooves, case or indoor equipment all are by triple valve and quick change pipe joint (29), with the pipeline connection of its agent set, so both can the installation site between them be exchanged easily, can carry out update to them easily again, and needn't change complete machine.Therefore, both be easy to use, and can reduce again and purchase and use cost.
In this refrigerating plant (222), owing to utilized natural energy fully, and in its pipeline, adopted multiple energy-saving structure (3,17,90,91,112,113,154,157,224,225,226,227,228,229,237,251) etc., so can freeze efficiently and heat, and can guarantee to make energy to obtain fully balanced and utilize circularly, make the Energy Efficiency Ratio of this refrigerating plant at least can be 7.0 to more than 8.5.
Above-mentioned mixing unit can be developed to direct-cooling type unit air conditioner or be developed to direct-cooling type or the indirect-cooling central air-conditioning unit that disperses cooling and central cooling, and can be used for all kinds of air conditionings and other equipment and spaces with cold-peace usefulness heat such as family, shop, office, hospital, cinema, industrial and mineral, agriculture and animal husbandry, breed and communications and transportation.In addition, if refrigerating plant and its indoor equipment are suitably changed, then can also be used for places such as freezer.Simultaneously, also aforementioned each refrigerating plant can be developed to other main body refrigeration that is used in the above-mentioned field or use cool equipment.
Figure 34 to 38 describes a kind of compression---the structure (example 6) of the hybrid refrigeration device arranged side by side (352) in the absorption hybrid refrigeration water-cooled unit arranged side by side (351).
Described refrigerating plant (352) is by a known direct-cooled compression heat pump refrigerating plant (122) or cold compression formula heat pump refrigerating device (a 223) solar absorption heat pump refrigerating device (353), concentrate air delivery duct (354), or the central fan system of forming by this pipe and backwind tube (355) (356), oven dry refrigerating box (164), cold and hot groove (165), cold drink case or counter (96), independent cold trap (30) and multitubular boiler critical pieces such as (228) are formed, and in the pipeline of two devices, connected magnetizer (7) or any (224) in them, wherein, direct-cooled compression heat pump refrigerating plant (122) (seeing Figure 35) also is provided with condensate water atomizing heat regenerative system (355), solar absorption heat pump refrigerating device (353) is successively by solar energy heating generator (358), vapour liquid separator (44), still (359), filter magnetization (13), shell and tube condenser (205) and main bypass pipe (360), magnetizer (7), cross valve (119), plate-type evaporator (238), middle vapour-liquid heat exchanger (19), absorber (361), forecooler (362), shell-tube type heat storage slot (that is polynary heat exchanger) (64) and known and special-purpose reversal valve thereof and tube connector are formed, in order to guarantee in winter, or night and cloudy day energy operate as normal, also installed the boiler (228) in parallel additional with thermal-arrest generator (358); Simultaneously, at its cold junction, be equiped with cold and hot groove (165) and the independent cold-storage groove (30) in parallel respectively by cross valve b (119) with its known evaporimeter b (238), or cold drink case (96) or other are used cool equipment, when this device freezes by known processes, then enable condenser (14) heat radiation, and freeze by evaporimeter b (238), and under water pump b (219) drives by with the compression-type refrigeration device in to state cold welding heat exchange chamber (266) in parallel and be positioned at the refrigerant heat exchange chamber b (363) of evaporimeter b of this device and total water-cooled fan coil (365) that its branch road (364) is transported to heat energy the concentrated air delivery duct (354) that is positioned at this hybrid refrigeration unit (351) individually, or with the refrigerant heat exchange chamber a (266) in compression heat pump refrigerating plant (223) evaporimeter (238) heat energy is imported in this coil pipe (365), later on again by the mixing air in the inlet chamber through air delivery duct and its air outlet (366) to by accent space cooling.And in winter, this mixing arrangement (352) is when heating, then opposite, bypass condenser (205) by triple valve e (71) and use bypass pipe (360) instead and its high temperature refrigerant vapour is directly sent into heated in the evaporimeter b (238), and then by above-mentioned parallel branch (364) individually by described refrigerant, or with described chilled water circulation line (217) this heat is delivered in total water-cooled fan coil (365) that heat supply diagram (367) is the plate type air heat exchanger that is contained in this air channel inlet end in the room, herein, room air under blower fan (91) drives in air intlet (368) inlet chamber air chamber, carry out heat exchange with the outdoor air that enters this device outdoor air chamber (370) from outside-air intake (369) and it with energy discharge to returning atmosphere behind the outdoor air again, this outdoor air then carries out heat exchange with another strand room air that enters the air channel from return air inlet (371) or through outdoor air total water-cooled fan coil of inflow (365) under blower fan (102) continues to drive that ground temperature is handled again once more after obtaining energy, just enter at last and transferred in the space.Therefore this parallel branch (364) has realized disjunctor to the cold junction of above-mentioned hybrid refrigeration unit (351).
Equally, in the hot junction of this hybrid refrigeration unit (351), shift branch road (303) and cooling defeated hot branch road (372) and solar heat pump installation (353) disjunctor in parallel with its cooling water circulation line (218) by the energy of stating of compression heat pump device (223).At this moment, the recuperative heat exchanger of described branch road (303) (72) is contained in the polynary heat exchanger (64) of stating heat pump assembly (353), during work, the used heat the high temperature refrigerant vapour of discharging from compressor is discharged to working medium this device of flowing through and that belong to the absorption heat pump refrigerating plant (NH by this branch road (303) earlier 3---H 2O), after making it by abundant preheating, enter again and stated in the thermal-arrest generator (358), and then improve the refrigerating efficiency of this device (353), when this mixing arrangement (352) freezes, owing to the high temperature refrigerant vapour that flows out in compression heat pump device is entering condenser (237) before just by the precooling heat release, then behind the condenser of flowing through once more, just can become subcooled liquid, so the Energy Efficiency Ratio of this device (223) also can be improved simultaneously, simultaneously, many cooling water heat exchangers (167) in the defeated hot cross-channel of above-mentioned cooling are contained in described condenser (205) respectively, in absorber (361) and the forecooler (362).And by the water pump a (219) in the cooling water circulation line (218) of compression heat pump device (223) unified drive cooling water to the working medium in above-mentioned each device (205,361,362) of flowing through and working medium to cooling off; And preferentially its backflow hot water is stored in the hot water storgae (64), so that carry out work such as bathing with this hot water in summer, and, then inject described pipeline (218), the interior heating cryogenic fluid vapour in the compression heat pump device condenser (237) of flowing through in winter.The interior working medium of used heat compression heat pump device of then utilizing absorption heat pump unit to discharge by above-mentioned two branch roads (303) and (372) conversely when heating in the winter time realizes the recycling of energy with this, guarantees that two kinds of refrigerating plants can both move efficiently.Diagram (373) be night in summer with boiler and in establish the boiler generator road branch road of generator replacement solar energy heating generator (358), (374) be that working medium when making the pre-heating device of boiler with summer cloudy day with the solar energy heating generator in the winter time is to the preheating branch road, (375) be that a kind of of import water pipe front end who is positioned at the defeated hot branch road of described cooling surged or electronic two position two-way valve b, and on its spool, have a left-leaning station passage 1 and 1 font of falling Y station passage 2.
For energy-conservation further, cold junction in absorption heat pump unit (353), also by output transition house steward (376) and backflow transition house steward (378) and triple valve thereof only respectively be connected respectively with its evaporimeter b (238) for the cold and hot groove of independence (163) of parallel-connection structure or cool and hot box (164) and independent regenerator (30) or cold drink case equipment coolings such as (96) when its agent set in summer (353) freezes, can allow cold and hot groove (165) and cold trap (30) cold-storage individually or simultaneously, or to (96) coolings such as cold drink casees; And at this agent set (353) when heating, then both can fail through output transition house steward (376) and its helps transition conduit (379) directly to cool and hot box (164) and cold and hot groove (165) heat supply, or through its evaporimeter (238) and above-mentioned transition conduit (376) and electronics heating power expansion valve (208) simultaneously to above-mentioned cold and hot groove (165) and cool and hot box (164) and cold trap (30) and cold drink case (96) cooling, in addition, behind above-mentioned cold and hot groove (165) cold-storage, both can be fresh-keeping to the independent cooling of above-mentioned cold drink case (96), also can be successively to evaporimeter (238) and cold drink case (96) while cooling.
In addition, in hybrid refrigeration device arranged side by side, when its compression-type refrigeration device is direct-cooled (single cold or heat pump) structure, then by the cooling water recirculation system (218) in its absorption-type single device for cooling (380) refrigerating plant hot junction with stated energy transfer branch road (303) compression and absorption two kinds of devices are carried out disjunctor (seeing Figure 35 and 36).At this moment, by set up in this cooling water recirculation system and connect with the middle low temperature liquid pipe (15) of compression-type refrigeration device with its original heat exchanger (167) shell-tube type subcooler (381) in parallel; When hybrid refrigeration device in summer (352) freezes, then can shift branch road (303) by described energy on the one hand and replenish heat energy to absorption device, absorption device is then conversely to the cooling of the working medium vapour of compression-type refrigeration device, and then compression-type refrigeration device (122) can absorb its useless throwing heat energy from absorption refrigerator by described branch road (303) and comes condenser (14) is heated defrosting in the winter time.(382) shown in Figure 35 are that compression heat pump device is when heat winter, its cooling water recirculation system (380) is bypassed shell-tube type subcooler (381) and the bypass pipe of the usefulness that changes its course, and at its cold junction, then the evaporimeter a (4) of two devices and b (4) together are installed in its concentrated supply air duct (354) (seeing Figure 37).
Figure 39 to 48: described other 8 the matched energy saving structures that are used for this refrigerating plant and the structure example of annex.
Figure 39: independent passive hybrid refrigeration device (402) is housed in the passive freezing and refrigeration hybrid air-conditioning of this independence indoor set (401).
And this device is by known cabinet type air conditioner indoor set (43), built-in refrigerator (403), or the mixing indoor set that is combined into of antistaling box, this device connects the on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe (15) of outer wing formula and the on-the-spot working medium steam pipe (17) of usefulness, and special three-way valve (404) or (71) composition of connecting the fluid-through tube entrance point.If when this indoor set being mated (the extremely follow-up passive connecting line of the same name or the different name refrigeration plant of independence of setting up referring to Figure 22 is connected) with heat-pump-type main body refrigerating plant, then above-mentioned indoor set promptly becomes in its main restricting element (16) working medium liquid pipe before, be in series with the independent no source heat pump air-conditioner indoor set (406) of the in parallel reversible one-way throttle structure (405) that constitutes by check valve (149) and secondary capillary (150), and the formula refrigerator promptly becomes built-in passive oven dry refrigerating box (being cool and hot box) (407) in described.But, the function that keeps former refrigerator if desired can not transfer to because of the main equipment of its coupling in winter and heating when changing, triple valve b (71) more then need connect in the middle of above-mentioned steam pipe (17), and mouthful connect an excessive cryotronl (155) by one of this valve residue, so that when its main body heat pump assembly heats, the working medium pipeline that the cryogenic fluid vapour importing agent set of discharging in this air-conditioning and built-in refrigerator is refluxed by this pipe (155) replacement original cryogenic fluid steam pipe (17) (seeing the double dot dash line pipe among Figure 23).
In this mixed indoor set (401), its main evaporator (4) was for eighty percent discount or roll over the fin-tube type structure more, and indoor fan (102) is centrifugal or tubular structure; And be provided with independently condensed water export structure (45), and by sensor, temperature detect switch (TDS), automatic and manual control and the display system (92) of detecting that relay, microcomputer chip etc. are formed.Described refrigerator (403) or cool and hot box (407) are made of refrigerating chamber (408), last refrigerating chamber (409) and following refrigerating chamber (410) three, sidewall at refrigerating chamber is provided with capillary (16) and the secondary evaporimeter (411) of the coiled that crawls, and this device is communicated with by entrance point capillaceous and the residue mouth that is connected on triple valve C (70), especially triple valve (71) in the cryogenic fluid liquid pipe (159).The port of export of this device then is communicated with the outlet low temperature or the high low temperature steam pipe (160) of air-conditioning main evaporator (4), and then forms parallel-connection structure with main evaporator (4), so that control the cold of input refrigerating chamber by operation this triple valve C and capillary (16); Sidewall at last refrigerating chamber (409) is provided with the coiled condensed water heat exchanger (412) that crawls, and its entrance point is communicated with condensed water export structure (45) through condensed water subcooler (60); Its port of export is communicated with the on-the-spot tube connector of condensed water (413), and the port of export of this field pipes then is communicated with the condensate water atomizing or the evaporation regenerator of the off-premises station that is positioned at air-conditioning or other refrigerating plant; In the sidewall of following refrigerating chamber, be provided with the coiled cryogenic fluid steam-to-steam heat exchanger (414) that crawls, and be connected on and state between high low temperature steam pipe (160) and the on-the-spot steam pipe (17), so that utilize cryogenic fluid vapour from evaporimeter (4) discharge to this chamber cooling.
In addition, use when this indoor set being used as the heat-pump-type indoor set, then above-mentioned refrigerating chamber promptly becomes heating clamber (415), and above-mentioned refrigerating chamber up and down promptly becomes moist closet (416) and (417) up and down respectively.
In this passive mixing indoor set (401), described heat pump indoor set (43) and passive built-in type refrigerator (403) and their slave unit all are contained in the shared cabinet type casing (418), wherein, on the panel of casing, be provided with that room air is entered (419) and air general export (420); In the front of built-in refrigerator (403) or cool and hot box (407), be provided with (412) to the doorstep, and Xiamen (422); Simultaneously, in preceding working medium liquid pipe, being in series with magnetizer (7) or filtering magnetizer (13) at condensed water subcooler (60).Diagram (423) is total electric appliance box of this indoor set (401).
The advantage of this indoor set (401) is: both can save the interior space, can be user-friendly to again, can save off-premises station and with any main body refrigeration plant coupling, so can save material and use cost, simultaneously, because the useless cold work that its built-in refrigerator was discharged when winter, reliable main body refrigeration plant heated, and the cold work that can utilize summer air-conditioning to have more than needed, its refrigeration system can be in efficient running status all the time, can improve the capacity usage ratio of refrigerating plant, so can realize energy-efficient.
Figure 40: in the casing (418) of the passive refrigerator of this common independence (62), be provided with refrigerating chamber (408), last refrigerating chamber (409), following refrigerating chamber (410) and by sensor (both thermistor etc.), the automatic detection and control system (92) that relay, temperature controller and its indicator lamp or display screen etc. are formed.Wherein, its main evaporator (4) is a syllogic fin-tube type structure, but also can make known rectangular coil shape structure.Other parts then mix indoor set (and referring to Fig. 5 and 23) with this with the built-in refrigerator in the said mixing indoor set of Figure 39 with the type of attachment of its different name main body refrigerating plant.
In addition,, promptly can be developed into the independent passive common refrigerator-freezer (68) of external if when changing the structure of the structure of evaporimeter (4,414) of this case and installation site and casing (418), and freezing and refrigeration counter or soda fountain (69).
Because of this case does not have condenser or outdoor heat converter, so therefore it can, can not alleviate the thermic load of air conditioner to indoor heat release in summer.Easy to loading and unloading with its main body refrigerating plant, and can be according to user's needs and replace at any time.
Figure 41, in the casing (418) of independent passive cold accumulation refrigerator (94) of this external or cool storage refrigerated case (being the cold drink case) (96), be provided with upward refrigerating chamber (409) of built-in regenerator (3), freezing (408), or go up refrigerating chamber and following refrigerating chamber and stated other parts.Wherein, in the refrigerating chamber sidewall, be provided with the coiled main evaporator (4) that crawls, and form and independently to release cold loop (99) and attached together total (424) in (409) import of last refrigerating chamber and refrigerating chamber import with release cool-heat-exchanger (97) and joint flow regulating valve (98) in the regenerator, the dependency structure of the equipment such as cold accumulation refrigerator among all the other structures and preceding figure and Fig. 5 is identical.
In addition, when the pipeline of this case directly was connected with the refrigerant pipeline of refrigerating plant, then its cold-storage heat exchanger (23) promptly became refrigerant heat exchanger (167).And should remove its capillary (16).Therefore this case single refrigerating box (425), and must in on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe (15) of its import or support tube (73), connect again at least a triple valve a (71) and a parallel connection low temperature transition conduit (155).
Figure 42:, be connected with axially or the outer heat exchange fin of spirality (promptly short muscle) (426) by extrusion molding at the surfaces externally and internally of inside and outside fin formula working medium liquid pipe (15,151).Wall surface is connected with spirality inner fin (427) within it, inner rib plate is a kind of double end rib-loop structure among the figure, outer fin then is three rib-loop structures, (428) be its tube wall, because the surface area of outer fin is greater than the surface area of inner fin, thus the exothermic coefficient of air side can be improved, or reduce the thermal-convection resistance of this side, guarantee the inside and outside transfer efficiency equilibrium of tube wall, and then reach the purpose of conserve energy and material.
Figure 43: the internal diameter that is coated with the low high temperature vapour (17,160) of thermal insulation layer (25) at external diameter can be a unthreaded hole, also can be the threaded hole that is connected with the inner rib plate of having stated (427).Wherein, thermal insulation layer can be folder cloth or coiling soft rubber cover, or the composite of rubber and plastics.And other known barrier material cover.Because thermal insulation layer can reduce the harmful overheated of working medium tube, so can obtain through refining the Energy Efficiency Ratio of device for cooling.
Figure 44: on the spool of 3-position-3-way reversal valve cc (404), have left bank station passage one font of falling Y station passage two and right bank station passage four.
Figure 45: at three and the U font station passage two that have the font of falling Y station passage of two position three way directional control valve c (154).
Figure 46: described efficient fin-tube type heat exchanger (429) comprises states evaporimeter, condenser or surface cooler and other fin-tube type heat exchange utensil.The difference of it and known fin-tube type heat exchanger is:
1. the syndeton in the junction of its working medium or support tube (comprising internally finned tube) (430) and independent fin (431) all adopts weld seam.Comprising soaking weldbonding seam, flash weld seam etc.Connect thermal contact resistance and the corrosion thermal resistance that exists in the crimping syndeton that constitutes with expansion tube process commonly used before eliminating owing to weld seam, so can improve the heat transfer coefficient of fin and this pipe, and the heat exchange efficiency of heat exchanger, and can prolong its service life.
2. fin (431) or pipe (430) are carried out roughening treatment, for example use punching press or sandblast (comprising shot-peening) or technologies such as electrion galvanic corrosion, laser boring or chemical attack to make the surface form small and uniform concaveconvex structure (432), because rough surface has surface area and heat absorption and the exothermic character more much bigger than shiny surface, so can improve the exchange capability of heat of heat exchanger further.
The fin of above-mentioned smooth or alligatoring or outside wing formula working medium tube surface in conjunction with one deck even and closely knit thermal conductivity black or dark film (general designation black matrix film) (433) as thin as a wafer, comprising black thin films such as anodic oxidations, because the ability that black-body surface has high absorption and launches various heat rays is so can receive and the coarse surface same effect.
Figure 47: described in the micro concavo-convex structure (432) on fin (431) surface and the situation of black thin film (433).In order to reduce thermal resistance further, should be after roughening treatment black coating look film again, and can be by oxidation, technologies such as black coating nickel or black chromium plating are produced.In addition, above-mentioned thick micro-bump structure and black matrix film also are applicable to outer wing formula working medium tube (15,151) surface.
Figure 48: the magnetizer (434) that four road magnetic gaps (6) are arranged is by square shell (435), by the bond rare-earth permanent magnet (9) of four (or four groups) isosceles triangles of stacked formation of single or multiple lift, especially Nd-Fe-B series or neodymium iron cobalt boron based permanent magnet and Hi-Rem series permanent magnetic material piece constitute, wherein, be respectively equipped with fluid inlet and outlet at the shell two ends, above-mentioned magnet axial is gone in its inner chamber, with glue that itself and inwall bonding is fixing then, and above-mentioned import and export are communicated with by the four road magnetic gaps that the space between the magnetic pole strength of two magnets constitutes, in addition, also available two or two groups, polylith or many groups, magnet combination constitutes has two roads at least, the high efficient magnetizing device (436) of above magnetic gap replaces above-mentioned magnetizer, and above-mentioned magnet can be that individual layer forms also can be that multilayer is formed, and at the top and the tail end of every or every group magnet, all is respectively equipped with the wedge shape shunting and the resistance awl that disappears.

Claims (9)

1, high performance refrigerating unit (2,37,121,201), it has compressor (11,204) condenser (14,205) restricting element (16,208), evaporimeter (4,4a, parts such as 207), heat pump assembly also had cross valve (119), air-cooled refrigeration unit also had condensed water export structure (45), the water cooled refrigeration device also had cooling water circulation line (218) and medium circulation pipeline (217), it is characterized in that: in the high temperature steam pipe (21) before described condenser, or the liquid pipe (15 before evaporimeter, 151) in, or the while is in series or in parallel with any (18) or the vibrator of stating in the magnetizer (103) in above-mentioned two pipes, or this two kinds of annexes are housed simultaneously, or when above-mentioned annex is installed, at least a in the following stated structure or the annex is housed also:
(1), solar thermal collector by the control of triple valve or cross valve: promptly refer to solar water heater (234) or working fluid for solar energy heater both one of, it and main body refrigerating plant (2,35,37,121, when 122) assembling, to solar water heater (224): then by its import water pipe (73), outlet water pipe (74) and be connected on water pump (219) in the import water pipe, and by triple valve that is communicated with one of two pipes outer end at least and the condenser (14) that is assembled in air-cooled refrigeration unit, or evaporimeter (4, the carrier heat exchanger (167) of air duct air inlet side 4a) is connected, and constitutes separated type solar hot water short distance heat supplying loop respectively with this; Or it is in parallel with the cooling water circulation line (218) of water cooled refrigeration device (201,202,222,223,252,253), or in parallel with the medium circulation pipeline (217) of this device by described import and export water pipe and valve; Constitute Contiuum type solar water short distance heat supplying loop with this refrigerating plant disjunctor respectively with this; To the working fluid for solar energy heater: then by the import working medium tube (26) of its built-in hot working fluid interchanger (72) and outlet working medium tube (27) and the triple valve or the cross valve (119) that are communicated with one of two pipes outer end at least, with condenser (14,205,237) working medium steam pipe (21, the 161) bypass in parallel before of its heat pump refrigerating device; Constitute the short distance heat supply branch road of working fluid for solar energy with this;
(2), solar air heater (169): then by its appendix (134) and the indoor fan (102) and the evaporimeter (4) that are positioned at air-cooled refrigeration unit, or the air inlet (125) that outdoor fan (91) and condenser (14) carry out side directly is communicated with respectively, constitutes the unidirectional heat supplying pipeline of solar air short distance respectively with this;
(3), ground temperature energy cold supply system: be meant warm water open type short distance cooling loop (255), ground, at least a among warm water enclosed short distance cooling loop, ground and ground warm air short distance cooling pipeline (126) three, when it and its main body refrigerating plant are assembled, wherein, warm water open type short distance cooling loop (255), ground is connected with this refrigerating plant by the carrier heat exchanger (167) of condenser (14) this loop and that be contained in ventilation type main body refrigerating plant (2,35,37,121,122) or evaporimeter (4,4a) air inlet side; Or directly by the cooling water heat inverting chamber (239) in its cooling water circulation line (218), or the chilled water heat exchange chamber (266) in the medium circulation pipeline (217) is communicated with this water cooled refrigeration device (201,222,223); Warm water enclosed cooling loop, described ground is closed identical with being connected of above-mentioned corresponding open circuit respectively with the annexation of its air cooling or water cooled refrigeration device; And described ground warm air short distance cooling pipeline (126), then be meant having the air intlet (129) and the underground space that exports or shell and tube air heat exchanger (133,139,140) to be communicated with by the air inlet (125) of its appendix (134) and the indoor fan (102) of refrigerating plant or return air inlet (371) or with the air inlet (125) of outdoor fan (91), or through the threeway air valve earlier with after the appendix (134) of above-mentioned solar air heater (168) is in parallel, be communicated with this air inlet (125) again; Or refer to that an auxiliary condenser b (14) in parallel with the condenser (14) of above-mentioned air-cooled refrigeration unit directly is contained in the air outlet slit (141) of side-mounted air circulation duct (135) of this underground space, and by its import working medium tube (26) with export working medium tube (27) and be communicated with the working medium tube of its main body refrigerating plant;
The working medium pipeline that (four), energy-saving structure is arranged: it is at least a in the following structure:
(1), its restricting element (16,150,208) string is contained in the working medium liquid pipe (15) of contiguous evaporimeter (4,4a, 207,238), so that can dispel the heat when allowing this Guan Zaiqi agent set refrigeration, and when agent set heated, it was overheated then to absorb heat and then eliminate pipeline;
(2), energy-conservation working medium tube: to single cold refrigerating plant (2,35,37,201), employing has the finned tube (56) of outer fin or inside and outside fin (120) to make the high-temperature exhaust pipe (21) of single cold refrigerating plant (2,35,37,201), the working medium liquid pipe (15,151) of single cold-peace heat pump refrigerating device (121,122,222,223,352), simultaneously, at the low temperature of above-mentioned refrigerating plant, or high low temperature steam pipe (17,160,168) is outer through suit thermal insulation layer (25) formation insulation steam pipe;
(3), whole efficient fin-tube type air heat exchanger (429): it is meant the heat exchanger of the fin-tube type refrigerant heat exchanger fin-tube types such as (160) that air-cooled condenser (14), evaporimeter (4,4a) and forecooler and water cooled refrigeration device are interior, and accesses in succession with bar and to assemble its radiating fin (431) for expand tube and make;
(5), condensed water subcooler (60): it is by the shell (53) that working medium import (77) and outlet (78) and condensed water import (75) and outlet (76) are arranged, recuperative heat exchanger in the cased chamber is formed, during assembling, be connected in series to by its working medium import and outlet in the working medium liquid pipe (15) of contiguous evaporimeter (4,4a) of air-cooled refrigeration unit, the while is connected with the drainpipe of known condensed water export structure (45) by described condensed water import;
(6), the condensed water regenerator: it is meant condensed water injection atomizing regenerator, ultrasonic atomizatio regenerator (41), injection atomizing regenerator, filter one of atomizing regenerator (63) and evaporation regenerator (57) five, during assembling, preceding four kinds of atomizing regenerators are through self-priming water pump (106), or venturi tube (124) and blower fan (156) directly or again are communicated with condensate draining pipe (158) through condensed water subcooler (60), and its outlet is contained in the air inlet side of condenser (14), and nozzle is pointed to the windward side of condenser, and then constitute and this regenerator condensate water atomizing heat regenerative system of the same name respectively; The evaporation regenerator then be meant telescopic evaporation regenerator (57) or louvered evaporation regenerator (57a) the two one of, during assembling, be fixed on by its support in the space between the nozzle of peripheral and above-mentioned atomizing regenerator of condenser (14);
(7), condensed water precooling vaporizer (385): it has and the identical structure of condensed water subcooler (60), but be connected in series to the high temperature steam pipe (21) of refrigerating plant or the pipeline of height steam pipe (161) by its working medium import and outlet (77,78), and, its import by connect water pipe through water pump or condensed water subcooler (60) with state drainpipe and be communicated with, its nozzle (157) is then aimed at the air inlet side of condenser; Constitute condensing water vapor heat regenerative system (386) with this;
(8), by the built-in energy storage groove of triple valve or cross valve control: it is meant built-in heat channel (64) or water heater (65) with the hot junction outdoor set cabinet disjunctor of the single cold refrigerating plant of its main body; Or heating energy storage groove (64a), or refer to built-in regenerator (3) with its cold junction indoor set casing disjunctor, or refer to be contained in the outdoor set cabinet of heat pump refrigerating device and the built-in cold and hot energy storage groove (123) in the cold junction indoor set casing; In its heat channel, hot working fluid interchanger (72) and water or the energy storage agent of solid high temperature or capsule (232) are housed, and by the import working medium tube (26) of its heat exchanger and triple valve or the cross valve (119) that exports working medium tube (27) and be communicated with one of two pipes outer end at least, with high temperature refrigerant gland steam exhauster (21) bypass in parallel of its main body refrigerating plant (2,37,121,122), and then form machine outside the heat storage cell with the hot-end component of main body refrigerating plant; In cold trap, be provided with cold-storage heat exchanger (23) and low-temperature cold accumulation agent such as water-ice are housed, and by the import working medium tube (26) of heat exchanger and go out working medium tube (27) and the triple valve that is communicated with the outer end of one of two pipes at least or cross valve (119) and the single evaporimeter of cold refrigerating plant (2,37) (4,4a) in parallel, and then with the cold junction parts composition cold-storage indoor set of its main body refrigerating plant; In cold and hot groove, be provided with hot working fluid interchanger (72) and solid be housed or the agent of the contour gentle low temperature economic benefits and social benefits energy storage of energy storage capsule (232), and in parallel and then form the energy storage off-premises station and form the energy storage indoor set by the condenser (14) of the import working medium tube (26) of this heat exchanger and outlet working medium tube (27) and the triple valve that is communicated with two outer ends of one of managing at least and cross valve (119) and heat pump refrigerating device (121,122) or evaporimeter (4,4a) with its cold junction parts with the hot-end component of this main body goods in great demand pump installation;
(9), built-in object keeping box with different name main body refrigerating plant disjunctor: it is meant the built-in hot case of depositing object space that has in the outdoor set cabinet that is located at main body refrigerating plants such as single cold air-conditioning, or the built-in ice chest in its indoor set casing, or be located at cool and hot box in the off-premises station of heat-pump-type main body refrigerating plant and the indoor set casing, in the interlayer of this chamber interior wall, the working medium or the carrier heat exchanger that adapt with its function of use are housed, and, this device is by the import and export working medium tube (26 of its correspondence, 27) or carrier import and export water pipe (73,74) and at least triple valve or the cross valve that is communicated with one of two pipes outer end pressed the corresponding annexation of above-mentioned built-in energy storage groove and the pipeline connection of its main body refrigerating plant;
(10), latent wall formula air conditioning chamber's inner structure (227) by triple valve or cross valve control: it is meant a tubular type working medium or carrier heat exchanger (4,23,72,167,133,139) be packed in the energy storage temperature adjusting structure that main wall inboard or internal partition wall body of wall (234) two sides constitute, replace known indoor apparatus of air conditioner (43) and regenerator (3) or cold and hot groove (123) with this, during assembling, by the import working medium tube (26) of its hot working fluid interchanger and triple valve or the cross valve that exports working medium tube (27) and be communicated with one of two pipes at least, evaporimeter (4 with air-cooled refrigeration unit, 207) at preceding working medium liquid pipe (15,159) with at back working medium steam pipe (160,17) be communicated with, in parallel with this with this evaporimeter, or by the import water pipe (73) of its refrigerant heat exchanger, outlet water pipe (74) and the triple valve or the cross valve that are communicated with one of two pipes at least are in parallel with the medium circulation pipeline of water cooled refrigeration device;
(11), latent wall formula energy storage masonry (229) by triple valve or cross valve control: it is meant the cold-storage masonry, store at least a in hot masonry and the cold and hot energy storage masonry (229), and build by laying bricks or stones in internal partition wall by some energy storages unit (228) and to constitute, during with the refrigeration assembling, import and export working medium tube (26 by it, 27) and the triple valve that is communicated with one of this pipe at least, by working medium pipeline and evaporimeter (4,4a) parallel connection, or by its import and export water pipe (73,74) and the triple valve that is communicated with one of this pipe at least, through chilled water circulation line (217) and evaporimeter (207,238) parallel connection.
2, according to the described high performance refrigerating unit of claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the pipeline of its refrigerating plant, coupling has following at least a long-range heat supply or cooling or heat supply and cooling loop or pipeline:
(1), solar energy long-range heat supplying pipeline: it is meant solar water heater (224) long-range heat supplying loop, or solar air heater (169) long-range heat supplying loop, or the two one of, wherein:
(1), solar water heater (224) long-range heat supplying loop: be meant with a triple valve (5,70) two short distance heat supplying loop serial or parallel connections of the carrier heat exchanger (167) of aforementioned condenser (14) that is positioned at ventilation type heat pump refrigerating device (121,122) and evaporimeter (4) air inlet side, and a shared water pump is formed, when wherein connecting, then the carrier heat exchanger that is arranged in condenser air inlet side is placed return line, constitute the separated type solar water heater long-range heat supplying loop of separating with this main body refrigerating plant with this; Or refer to through long-range water transport channel (270,277) and triple valve P (5) and long-range backwater channel (279) and triple valve Q, aforementioned two in parallel respectively with the cooling water circulation line (218) of water-cooled heat pump refrigerating device (222,223,252,253) and medium circulation pipeline (217) or connect, constitute Contiuum type solar water long-range heat supplying loop with this main body refrigerating plant disjunctor with this;
(2), solar air heater (169) long-range heat supplying loop: be meant the air inlet (125) of the aforementioned condenser (14) that is positioned at air-cooled refrigeration unit or its blower fan (91) air inlet side and be positioned at its evaporimeter (4) or the air inlet (125) of indoor fan (102) air inlet side, link up by appendix (134) and triple valve are in parallel, constitute Contiuum type air heat long-range gas transmission heating system with this refrigerating plant disjunctor with this;
(2), ground temperature can long-range the cooling loop: it is meant ground temperature cooling water long-range cooling loop and ground warm air long-range cooling pipeline, one of two kinds of structures, wherein:
(1), warm water long-range cooling loop: it is by ground warm water long-range water-supply-pipe and triple valve, and ground warm water long-range return pipe and its triple valve, in parallel or be composed in series two carrier heat exchangers (167) of aforementioned condenser (14) that is contained in air cooling refrigerating plant (2,35,37,121,122) and boil-off gas (4) air inlet side and the open type of the two or enclosed short distance cooling loop, when wherein connecting, then the carrier heat exchanger string of condenser air inlet side is contained in the return pipe, promptly constitutes the warm water long-range cooling loop, split type ground of separating with this main body refrigerating plant with this; Or refer to by ground warm water long-range water transport channel (277), with triple valve P or K and ground temperature long-range backwater channel (279) and triple valve Q aforementioned and water cooled refrigeration device (201,222,223,252,253) open type or the loop parallel connection of enclosed short distance cooling that cooling water circulation line (218) and chilled water circulation line (217) are in parallel, or series connection, and drive the pipeline form by water pump a (219), when wherein connecting, then place in the backwater channel, promptly constitute warm water long-range cooling loop, Contiuum type ground (280) with this main body refrigerating plant disjunctor with this following pipeline (218) short distance cooling loop in parallel with cooling water;
(2), warm air long-range cooling pipeline: be meant warm air short distance cooling loop, ground (126) the parallel connection communication that the air duct air inlet (125) of the air duct air inlet (125) of the outdoor fan (91) of aforementioned and air-cooled refrigeration unit (37,121,122) or indoor fan (102) is communicated with appendix (134) and triple valve (5), constitute the long-range of warm air side by side cooling pipeline with this refrigerating plant disjunctor with this.
3, the high performance refrigerating unit of describing according to claim 1 is characterized in that: make up the absorption type refrigerating unit of following at least a structure side by side with this compression-type refrigeration device:
(1), by common or solar energy absorption type refrigeration dress (353) and air cooling compression-type refrigeration dress (2,37,121,122) the mixed high-efficient refrigerating plant arranged side by side that constitutes side by side: and, in the known liquid heat exchanger (64) of its absorption type refrigerating unit, hot working fluid interchanger (72) is housed, the working medium import of this device is communicated with the high temperature steam pipe (21) or the high low temperature steam pipe in the outside (161) of compression-type refrigeration device through triple valve f (70) by import working medium tube (26), the sender property outlet of this device, by exporting working medium tube (27) through venturi tube (89) and above-mentioned steam pipe (21,161) downstream is communicated with, and constitutes with this energy of the hot junction disjunctor of two refrigerating plants is shifted branch road (303);
(2), by common or solar energy absorption type refrigeration device (353) and water-cooled compression refrigerating apparatus (201,222,223) the mixed high-efficient refrigerating plant arranged side by side (352) of Zu Chenging: and in the hot junction of two refrigerating plants, except that there being the energy of having stated to shift branch road (303) disjunctor, also have by the condenser (205) that its cooling water heat exchanger (167) is contained in absorption type refrigerating unit (353), in absorber (361) and the forecooler (362), and it imports and exports water pipe (73,74) then fail hot branch road (372) the two disjunctor with the cooling water of cooling water circulation line (218) formation in parallel of compression-type refrigeration device through at least one triple valve (375); Simultaneously, at the cold junction of two devices, then have by the refrigerant heat exchange chamber (363) in the evaporimeter b (238) of absorption refrigeration dress, the import and export water pipe (73,74) in parallel and refrigerant energy transfer branch road (364) disjunctor of at least one triple valve n (209) formation with the medium circulation pipeline (217) of compression-type refrigeration device.
4, according to the described high performance refrigerating unit of claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: at least a structure that has the following stated with lower member:
(1), described magnetizer (18) is meant known water treatment magnetizer, or high efficient magnetizing device (7), or four at least a in magnetic gap magnetizer (434) or these several structures of other many magnetic gaps magnetizer, wherein, magnetizer (7) is by stating shell (8), be contained in the magnetization chamber of shell and co-axially fixed at least one or one group of neodymium as field element (9), iron, cobalt, boron, or the permanent magnet that rare-earth permanent magnet such as Hi-Rem is made is formed, this magnet is located with the respective slot on shell (8) inner chamber by the protruding stalk (10) that is located on its neighboring, and respectively assembled the resistance that disappears at magnet two ends and bored (32), at this moment, just by import that is positioned at shell two ends and outlet being communicated with at two road magnetic gaps between shell and the magnetic pole strength; Described four magnetic gap magnetizers (434), by square shell (435), four or four groups of leg-of-mutton rare earths of having stated being stacked to by single or multiple lift, the permanent magnet (9) and the resistance awl (32) that disappears thereof are formed, and between the magnetic pole of four blocks of magnet, remain with the described magnetising assembly of magnetic gap (6) that is communicated with the two four road vertical distribution of importing and exporting, be meant the filtration magnetizer (13) that constitutes by any (18) in known filters (39) or the magnetizer, or by any the dry magnetizer (40) formed in drier and the magnetizer, and by water pump (219) barrier film working medium pump (214), the corresponding magnetizing part that capillary or expansion valve (208) pipeline parts constitutes with permanent magnet respectively;
(2), described vibrator (103) is meant superaudible piezoelectric vibrator (107) or reed-type ultrasonic vibrator (108), transducing body (110) metal made from piezo-electric crystal such as quartz and its electrode (111) is housed in the former resonant cavity (114), the latter's sound reed (118) then is installed in the spout center of the nozzle (117) that is communicated with its import working medium tube, and makes the end of reed be positioned at the sound wave emission focus formation in its chamber that shakes (116);
(3), described solar water heater (224) is meant in known tubular type or structure such as board-like in any water storage room (145), or at import water pipe (73) and outlet water pipe (74) by its built-in refrigerant heat exchanger (167), and the triple valve or the cross valve (119) that are communicated with one of two pipes outer end at least, with be provided with dividing wall type hot working fluid interchanger (72) in the polynary heat storage slot of binary heat storage slot (225) (241) of outlet water pipe (74) bypass in parallel of this water heater (224), the triple valve that import working medium tube (26) warp of this device (72) is communicated with this pipe outer end and the condenser (14 of main body refrigerating plant, 205,237) the working medium steam pipe (27 before the import, 161) be communicated with, its outlet working medium tube (27) direct or triple valve through being communicated with and the working medium liquid pipe (151 after the condenser with this pipe outer end, 15) be communicated with, with this and condenser (14,237) parallel connection; Perhaps by working medium steam pipe (21, the 161) bypass in parallel before one of described import and export working medium tube and at least two pipes condenser: perhaps, connect with condenser with this by the condenser steam pipe bypass in parallel before of reversible suitable short distance working medium passage (162) with the heat pump refrigerating device; Described solar air heater (169) is by shell (53), be contained in the heat collector cavity of shell, and with being coated with the heat absorption web plate (170) that the corrugated aluminium strip that is coated with the black inorganic thin film or black plastic corrugated ribbon are made, the glass cover-plate of seal heat-collecting chamber (171) is positioned at (25) at the bottom of the black heat shield liner under the web plate, and is positioned at the air cleaner of air intlet or insect protected webmaster (146) and the appendix (134) that is communicated with its air outlet slit is formed;
(4), described ground warm water open type short distance cooling loop (255), cooling water water-supply-pipe (212) that is communicated with by ground warm water source (256), drinking-water pipe (253), the triple valve h (5), the water pump a that are communicated with this pipe or b (219) and water pump import and outlet or refrigerant water-supply-pipe (210), the cooling water heat inverting chamber (239) or the chilled water inverting chamber (266) that are communicated with the water-supply-pipe outlet successively, maybe are somebody's turn to do and manage (254) and nozzle (157) composition at the return pipe in this chamber (213) or (211) cooling water drainpipe (254); Or replace above-mentioned heat exchange chamber (239,266) back respectively with the tubular type fin-tube type carrier heat exchanger (167) of the condenser that is positioned at air-cooled refrigeration unit (14) or evaporimeter (4,4a) air inlet side and constitute; Warm water enclosed short distance cooling loop, described ground, be meant with the tubular type or the fin-tube type carrier that are located in stratum (143) or ground warm water source (256) or the underground space (137) and change interchanger (167), or the tubular type in the underground space (137) or fin-tube type carrier heat exchanger (167) connect with the head end opening in aforementioned open type short distance cooling loop (255) respectively and make the carrier formation with water or its solution; Described ground warm air short distance cooling pipeline (126) is then by underground spaces such as the cellar that air intlet (129) is arranged or ice cell (128) or basement or bomb shelter or Jiao Dong or caverns be communicated with above-mentioned space respectively and the appendix of air inlet (125) (134) and form as carrier with air; Perhaps by buried stratum (154), massif and or ground warm water source (256) in coiled tubular heat exchanger (133), or be contained in tubular type or fin-tube type air heat exchanger (133,130,14) in the underground space, the air inlet pipe of this device and appendix (134), and be that carrier constitutes with the air;
(5), be shaped on micro-bump structure (432) on described finned tube (56) or whole fin-tube type air heat exchanger (429) surface or be coated with and be coated with black matrix or grey body thin film (433) or be combined with black matrix or grey body thin film (433) on the surface of this concaveconvex structure again;
(6), the recuperative heat exchanger installed in condensed water subcooler (60) is meant the heat-exchangers of the plate type (50) board-like condensed water subcooler (49) in or refers to and be made up of some capillaries (52) and dividing plate (54) in the shell-tube type condensed water subcooler (51), tubulation or tube-bundle heat exchanger (47) or interior internal and external finned tubes (56) or the coil heat exchanger (61) of fingerstall tubular type condensed water subcooler (55);
(7), described condensed water injection atomizing regenerator, form by nozzle (157), miniature self-priming water pump (106) and the connection water pipe between them, wherein, the import of water pump is communicated with the drainpipe (158) of known condensed water export structure (46), its outlet is communicated with nozzle (157), and then constitutes injection atomizing heat regenerative system; Described condensed water ultrasonic atomizatio regenerator (42) is by the shell that water inlet and nozzle are arranged, cased is made up of with the ultrasonic transduction body that other utmost point is made piezo-electric crystals such as quartz, during assembling, be communicated with through connecting water pipe, water pump (106) and stating drainpipe (158) by its water inlet, and then constitute condensed water ultrasonic atomizatio heat regenerative system (41); Described condensed water filtration atomizing regenerator (63) is condensed water inlet nipple (75) the back formation of having set up communication with cavity at the outer wall of the water storage room (79) of known filtration humidifier, and then directly or through water pump (106) is communicated with, and then constitute the condensed water filtration heat regenerative system that atomizes with described drainpipe (158) by described inlet nipple (75); Described condensed water injection atomizing regenerator exports the nozzle (157) that is communicated with by venturi tube (89) with this pipe and the Middle pressure draught fan (156) that is communicated with its import is formed, during assembling, the suction inlet of this pipe with state drainpipe (158) and be communicated with, and then constitute condensed water injection atomizing heat regenerative system (124); Described condensing water vapor heat regenerative system (386) is by self-priming water pump (157), condensed water precooling vaporizer (385), nozzle (157) and be connected water pipe and form and refrigeration system when assembling, precooling vaporizer (385) is connected with high temperature or high low temperature steam pipe (21,161), nozzle is directly aimed at condenser, and the import of water pump is communicated with condensate draining pipe (158);
(8), described telescopic evaporation regenerator (57) is connected through the hinge into the screen of foldable structure by a plurality of porous screen formula evaporation elements (58), and be installed to versatilely in the slidingtype guiding trestle, at ordinary times, by known driving mechanisms such as backguy or screw rods it is folded into the sidewall of condenser air passage air inlet side, and when summer, refrigerating plant freezed, then again with the outer of this scaled image to condenser air inlet side; Described louvered evaporation regenerator (57a) is by some porous evaporations unit 958) be installed to equably by pivot pin in the frame of its support and form hundred cascade type structures, and by the stretching, extension orientation of each unit of known driving mechanisms control such as backguy or screw rod, at ordinary times, the direction of extension of each unit is parallel with air duct, and when summer, refrigerating plant freezed, then each unit is rotated to vertical with airflow direction or subvertical orientation;
(9), in built-in heat channel (64), or in heating heat storage slot (64a) or the water heater (65), hot working fluid interchanger (72) or carrier heat exchanger (167) all are housed, wherein, in heat channel and heating heat storage slot, agent of solid energy storage or energy storage capsule (232) also are housed, in heating heat storage slot and water heater, low ebb electric heater (163) is housed also, and be provided with the import and export water pipe (73,74) that is communicated with its inner chamber, and then form machine outside the heat storage cell with described hot-end component, or machine outside the heating heat storage cell, or water heater type's off-premises station; In built-in regenerator (3), cold-storage heat exchanger (23) is housed or refrigerating equipment is frozen in the orders such as (167) of carrier heat exchanger, when the main body refrigerating plant is air-conditioning equipment, then form the cold accumulation air-conditioner indoor set with its indoor set, or the cold-storage dehumidifier; In described cold and hot groove, hot working fluid interchanger (72) or carrier heat exchanger (167) and the agent of the high low temperature economic benefits and social benefits of solid energy storage are housed, and form respectively with its off-premises station and indoor set and to store cold-storage and the storage thermal storage heat air-conditioner outdoor unit and the indoor set of cold-storage storage in winter in summer heat in hot winter summer;
(10), hot working fluid interchanger (72) is housed in the inwall interlayer of above-mentioned built-in hot case, or refrigerant heat exchanger (167), outdoor unit components with this and main body refrigerating plant constitutes heating cabinet or dries box off-premises station, evaporimeter (4) or hot working fluid interchanger (72) or refrigerant heat exchanger (167) is housed in the inwall interlayer of built-in ice chest promptly forms refrigerating and air conditioning indoor set or cold storage and air conditioner indoor set or freezing and refrigeration indoor apparatus of air conditioner or its multi-functional air conditioner indoor equipment roughly the same with the indoor set parts of the air-conditioning refrigeration plant of its different name respectively thus; Equally, in the inwall interlayer of above-mentioned built-in cool and hot box, hot working fluid interchanger (72) or carrier heat exchanger (167) are housed, and then form with the outdoor unit components of its heat pump assembly, be used for heating, drying in summer, the freezing off-premises station of heating that is used for ice making and freezing and refrigeration winter, or form with this indoor apparatus of air conditioner parts and to be used for freezing and refrigeration summer, be used to be incubated the freezing heating indoor apparatus of air conditioner of heating winter;
(11), in latent wall formula air conditioning chamber's inner structure (227), described tubular type hot working fluid interchanger is meant the evaporimeter (4) or the regenerator (23) of shell and tube or serpentine coil formula, or cold and hot hot working fluid interchanger (72), or carrier heat exchanger (167), and the single face that is packed in main wall or internal partition wall body of wall (234) single face formation conceals wall formula room conditioning structure (235), or be packed in the two-sided latent wall formula room conditioning structure (236) of the two-sided composition of internal partition wall body of wall, and inboard at the heat exchanger of above-mentioned single-sided structure, the thermal insulation layer that the heat-barrier material of foamed plastics that known configurations such as useful screw of liner and pressing plate are fixing and so on is formed is coated with in the outside of stating single face and bilateral structure and is equipped with by the property led fillers such as carbonization silica sands, reinforcing material and water-fast heat-resisting freeze proof glue such as cement and 204 such as staple glass fibre, the heat conduction finish coat (307) that anti-water and antifreeze are modulated into;
(12), in latent wall formula energy storage masonry (229), described energy storage unit (228) is made by bonding by polylith list chamber or two-chamber module (233,230), and the cement that module is strengthened by pottery or fiber or polymer, or with the rectangular enclosure (294,283) and the filling solid or capsule (232) the energy storage agent composition in the enclosure of heat-resisting and waterproof anti-freezing plastic or other material system; Wherein, in single chamber energy storage module (233), cold-storage heat exchanger (23) or working medium interchanger (72) or carrier heat exchanger (167) are housed also, and, in described energy storage unit, they are interconnected by the serial or parallel connection structure.
5, the high performance refrigerating unit of describing according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: it has at least a structure of the following stated;
(1), absorbing heat in the middle of the solar air heater (169) between web plate (170) and the black substrate (25), be provided with web plate formula hot water heat exchanger (172), so that serve as the water heater heat hot water in summer, close its water route in winter, serve as absorber plate, the outdoor air in the heating inlet chamber;
(2), described condensed water precooling vaporizer (358) by its water inlet and delivery port serial or parallel connection in the downstream pipeline of the heat regenerative system of stating the atomizing of injection atomizing or injection;
(3), the air intlet in the described basement or the underground spaces such as cellar or ice cell or cavern is provided with airstrainer or fly net (130), disinfection sterilization devices such as uviol lamp are housed in this space, wherein, be provided with the pond and the space of cold-storage or storage ice and snow in winter in the bottom of ice cell;
(4), in the porous screen formula evaporation element (58) of described evaporation regenerator, be assembled with the coarse-fibred supporting network of piezoelectric plastics (86), when this unit is installed, must be the air inlet side of this net towards condenser (14), by electric wire and switch this net is communicated with high frequency electric source in the refrigeration plant simultaneously;
(5), described condensate water atomizing or vaporization heat regenerative system, be communicated with earlier, and then be communicated with condensate draining pipe by this subcooler by any the outlet ozzle (76) in its entrance point and the condensed water subcooler;
(6), when cross valve b (119) is connected with the heat pump refrigerating device, be above-mentioned cold and hot energy storage groove, or oven dry refrigerating box (164), or the import working medium tube (26) of the hot working fluid interchanger (72) in the heating refrigerating box, by two in three residue mouths of cross valve b (119), in parallel with condenser (14) the high low temperature steam pipe in the outside before (161) of heat pump refrigerating device (121), among this valve b another the residue mouthful with this refrigerating plant in middle low temperature liquid pipe (151) or the entrance point of (15) be communicated with, the outlet working medium tube (27) of heat exchanger (72) is communicated with the port of export of condenser (14), and the Upstream section that guarantees the high low temperature steam pipe (161) of the entrance point of described import working medium tube (26) and heat pump assembly adjoins, promptly constitute thus described cold and hot groove, or cool and hot box and its heat pump refrigerating device realize, the reversible series connection short distance working medium passage (162) that the air inlet order can transposition;
(7), with the built-in cold accumulation refrigerator (94) of its different name main body refrigeration plant coupling, or cool storage refrigerated case, or cold-storage counter, or cold-storage cold drink case (96), or be provided with by releasing cool-heat-exchanger (97) in the cold-storage refrigerator-freezer cold-storage refrigerating equipments such as (95), evaporimeter (4), adjustable throttling (98) is connected with it that working medium tube forms independently releases cold loop (99), wherein, releasing cool-heat-exchanger (97) is contained in cold-storage groove (30) or the regenerator (3), and with this groove or this device in cold-storage heat exchanger (23) next-door neighbour coupling, evaporimeter (4) then is contained in the refrigerating chamber (408) of the said equipment, or refrigerating chamber (409,410) etc. deposit in the interlayer of object space inwall, form the self-contained refrigerating system that drives by cold-storage groove or device with this.
(8), when by on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe (15) and steam pipe (17) or turnover working medium tube (26,27) and its stated triple valve b, common or cold accumulation refrigerator, perhaps common or cold-storage refrigerator-freezer, perhaps common or cold-storage cold drink case, evaporimeter (4) in the indoor refrigeration plants such as perhaps common or cold-storage ice maker and its main body heat pump refrigerating device (121,201) evaporimeter (4,4a, 207, when 238) in parallel, perhaps by stating on-the-spot working medium tube (15,17), or import and export water pipe (75,76) and stated triple valve above-mentioned refrigerating and air conditioning indoor set, or cold storage and air conditioner indoor set, or freezing and refrigeration indoor apparatus of air conditioner or latent wall formula air conditioning chamber's inner structure (227), or the evaporimeter (4 in the latent wall formula energy storage masonry (229), 4a), or cold-storage heat exchanger (23), or hot working fluid interchanger (72) and the interior main evaporator (4 of its main body refrigerating plant, 207, when 238) in parallel, triple valve b that then must be through being communicated with above-mentioned on-the-spot working medium steam pipe (17) or outlet working medium tube (27) stage casing, the transition low temperature steam pipe (155) that is communicated with this valve, with the venturi tube (89) that is communicated with this steam pipe (155) other end, the entrance point of evaporimeter in this scene working medium steam pipe (17) or outlet working medium tube (27) and this heat pump refrigerating device, and be positioned at and state on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe (15) or import working medium tube (26) is communicated with the upstream liquid pipe of the liquid pipe junction c of this refrigerating plant, when heat pump assembly heats, by being communicated with this low temperature steam pipe (155), in the described upstream working medium pipeline that is connected in series to main evaporator with cool equipment or utensil, guarantee that with this this equipment continues to keep cooling condition;
(9), print or be carved with the patterned heat exchange structure of concaveconvex structure on heat conduction finish coat (307) surface of latent wall formula room conditioning structure (227) or energy storage masonry (229), or surface-mounted the louvered temperature adjusting structure arranged at this, or be equipped with activity temperature adjustment screen or ornaments such as telescopic or plug-type, perhaps be provided with this two kinds of structures simultaneously.
6, be used for the matched energy saving accessories of aforementioned high performance refrigerating unit, it is characterized in that: it is at least a in the following stated device:
(1), high efficient magnetizing device (7): its have the right structure of describing in the requirement 4, and serial or parallel connection is in the working medium steam pipe (21,161) or liquid pipe (151,15) of refrigerating plant, or simultaneously serial or parallel connection in above-mentioned pipeline;
(2), four magnetic gap magnetizers (434): its have the right structure of describing in the requirement 4, and press above-mentioned relation and refrigerating plant assembles;
(3), filter magnetizer (13): it is by filter (39) and be contained in the field element (9) of this device port of export or any (18) in the described magnetizer are formed; And press the assembling of above-mentioned relation and refrigerating plant;
(4), dry magnetizer (40): it is by drier and be contained in the field element (9) of this device port of export or any (18) in the described magnetizer are formed, and above-mentioned annexation is assembled with its refrigerating plant with refrigeration system;
(5), magnetization subcooler: be composed in series by the working medium passage in any (60) in described magnetizer (18) and the condensed water subcooler, and when assembling, be connected in series in the working medium liquid pipe (15,151) of refrigerating plant;
(6), Magnetic valve: the import or export that the magnetizer of having stated (18) is contained in known or of the present invention special three-way valve is formed, or forms make the shutter member of above-mentioned valve with permanent magnet after;
(7), outer wing or inside and outside wing formula working medium tube (56) or high temperature steam pipe (21); It is meant by the high temperature steam pipe (21) of known tubule or on-the-spot liquid pipe (15,151) or air cooling refrigerating plant and be connected this external diameter of pipe or external diameter and inwall on vertical bar or spiral radiating fin (426,427) form; And by known relationship and refrigerating plant coupling;
(8), insulation working medium steam pipe (17): it is to form in external diameter suit thermal insulation layer (25) back of known extra heavy pipe or on-the-spot steam pipe (17), and mates by known relationship and refrigerating plant;
(9), special three-way valve: it is made up of the spool or the shutter member of valve body and the following stated structure;
(1), triple valve a (71): on its spool, have straight-through station passage 3 and right tiltedly station passage 4;
(2), triple valve b (375): on its spool, have a left side tiltedly station passage 1 and Y font station passage 2;
(3), triple valve c (154): on its spool, have straight-through station 3 and Y font station passage 2;
(4), triple valve a (70): on its spool, have the station passage of having stated structure successively: 1,3,2;
(5), triple valve b (209): on its spool, have the station passage of having stated structure successively: 1,3,4;
(6), triple valve c (404): on its spool, have the station passage of having stated structure successively: 1,2,4;
(7), triple valve (5): on its spool, have the station passage of having stated structure successively: 1,2,3,4;
(10), whole fin-tube type efficient heat exchanger (429): it comprises the condenser (14) of fin-tube type, or at least a in the refrigerant heat exchanger (260,365) in evaporimeter (4,4a) or surface cooler or the fan coil or other fin-tube type air heat exchanger; And at least a character pair structure described in have the right requirement 1 and 4;
(11), independent passive energy storage groove: it is meant independently heat storage slot (64) or heating heat storage slot (64a), or water heater (65), or cold-storage groove (30), or cold and hot energy storage groove (165), it is stated the identical structure of built-in energy storage groove of the same name or device except that having, also in its shell, be equipped with automatic detection respectively, control and display system (92), and import working medium tube (26) and outlet working medium tube (27), or on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe (15) and on-the-spot working medium steam pipe (17), or refrigerant import water pipe (73) and outlet water pipe (74), and the triple valve or the cross valve (119) that are communicated with at least one pipe outer end in above-mentioned two pipes; And by stating connection pass corresponding in the built-in energy storage groove and its main body refrigerating plant assembling;
(12), independent passive hot case or ice chest or cool and hot box (164): the former is meant independent passive heating, drying case (66) or incubator or independent no source water heater; Hot working fluid interchanger (72) or carrier heat exchanger (167) are installed in the interlayer of its cabinet wall, in its shell, be equipped with independently detect automatically, control and indication mechanism (92), during assembling, then by the corresponding syndeton of stating built-in hot case of the same name and pipeline connection of the same name or the different name refrigerating plant; To ice chest: then be meant independently passive refrigerator (67) or refrigerator-freezer (68) or cold drink case or cold storing and fresh-keeping counter (69) or independently passive dehumidifier (313) or independent passive ice machine (314), passive refrigeration indoor sets such as independent or passive ice-cream machine; Evaporimeter (4,4a) or carrier heat exchanger (167) are housed in the interlayer of its cabinet wall and its independently detect, control and display system (92), when group, by the corresponding syndeton of stating built-in ice chest of the same name and pipeline connection of the same name or the different name refrigerating plant; To cool and hot box: then be meant independent passive oven dry household freezer (164) or insulation refrigerating box, in the inwall interlayer of the oven dry refrigerating chamber in the former casing, hot working fluid interchanger (72) is housed, in the inwall interlayer of the insulation refrigerating chamber of latter's casing, carrier heat exchanger (167) is housed, in the casing of the two, all be equipped with independently detect, control and display system (92), during assembling, by the corresponding syndeton of stating built-in cool and hot box and pipeline connection of the same name or different name heat pump refrigerating device;
(13), independent passive freezing and refrigeration hybrid air-conditioning indoor set (401): the mixing indoor set that it is constituted by known cabinet type air conditioner indoor set (43), built-in refrigerator (403) or antistaling box etc., independent detection, control are with display system (92) and be connected with on-the-spot working medium liquid pipe (15) and on-the-spot steam pipe (17) and form with triple valve or cross valve that liquid pipe entrance point is communicated with, during assembling, in parallel with the evaporimeter (4,207,238) of its main body refrigerating plant by described liquid pipe and steam pipe (15,17).
7, the matched energy saving accessories of describing according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: following annex has following said at least a structure:
(1), in the casing upper space of independent passive freezing and refrigeration hybrid air-conditioning indoor set (401) or its conditioning machine, outer wing formula evaporimeter a (4) and its restricting element (16 of above-mentioned air-conditioning equipment are housed, 208), refrigerating chamber (408) at the casing middle part, or go up in refrigerating chamber (409) the inwall interlayer, the secondary evaporimeter b (411) of shell and tube working medium is housed, or fin-tube type or pipe-coil type evaporator b (4), at remaining refrigerating chamber (409,410) in the inwall interlayer, condensed water heat exchanger (412) that is made of the condensed water coil pipe or the cryogenic fluid steam-to-steam heat exchanger (414) that is made of cryogenic fluid vapour coil pipe are housed respectively, wherein, evaporimeter b (4) or (411) are in parallel with evaporimeter a (4) through triple valve c and joint d, and the condensed water heat exchanger is connected with its drainpipe, and then form independent passive refrigerating and air conditioning or freezing conditioning indoor set respectively, or cold storage and air conditioner or conditioning indoor set, or hybrid air-conditioning equipment such as freezing and refrigeration air-conditioning or conditioning indoor set;
(2), in the bottom of independent passive hot punch-out equipment shell, be provided with built-in heat channel, and it is in parallel with the main heat exchanger a (72) of independent passive hot case that the hot working fluid interchanger u (72) that is adorned in the groove is reached the triple valve or the cross valve that are communicated with one of two pipes by its turnover working medium tube (26,27), or with the inlet tube of this device bypass in parallel, and then the independent hot heating cabinet of passive storage of structure or store hot drying baker; Or it is in parallel with the main heat exchanger (167) in the hot case that the carrier heat exchanger b (167) in the heat channel is imported and exported water pipes (73,74) by it, and then the passive hot drying baker of storage of structure independence or store hot incubator; Or built-in regenerator (3) is installed at independent passive ice chest casing top, and the cold-storage heat exchanger (23) in this device is in parallel by the interior evaporimeter of its import and outlet working medium tube (26,27) and the triple valve that is communicated with one of two pipes and ice chest (4,4a), constitute independently passive cold accumulation refrigerator (94) or cold-storage refrigerator-freezer (95) or cold-storage cold drink case (96) or cold-storage refrigerating equipments such as cool storage refrigerated fresh-keeping counter or cold-storage ice making indoor set with this; Or state independent passive indoor apparatus of air conditioner, built-in regenerator (3) is adorned on conditioning indoor set top, and it is the cold-storage heat exchanger in the device (23) is in parallel with the main evaporator (4) of air-conditioning equipment by stating turnover working medium tube and triple valve, air-conditioning equipments such as the i.e. independent passive cold accumulation air-conditioner indoor set of formation, or cold-storage conditioning indoor set; Or adorn cold and hot groove (123) at the top of this air-conditioning equipment, and in parallel by above-mentioned connecting line with the main evaporator (4) in the air-conditioning equipment, promptly constitute the corresponding passive cold and hot energy storage air-conditioning equipment of independence.
8, according to claim 6 or 7 matched energy saving accessories of describing, Ji Tezheng is: following annex has following said a kind of structure at least:
(1), in described independence passive cold-storage refrigerating equipment or cold accumulation air-conditioner equipment, be provided with stated independently release cold loop (99), wherein, to the cold-storage refrigerating equipment, be contained in the regenerator (3) releasing cool-heat-exchanger (97), and with original cold-storage heat exchanger (23) or carrier heat exchanger (167) next-door neighbour coupling, evaporimeter (4) then is contained in the refrigerating chamber (409) of refrigerating equipment or refrigerating chamber (409,410) etc. and deposits in the inwall interlayer of object space; To cold accumulation air-conditioner equipment, this device (97) still is contained in the regenerator (3), and mates with its cold-storage heat exchange (23) or carrier heat exchanger (167) next-door neighbour, and its evaporimeter (4) then is contained in the known room air circulation canal of main body indoor machine of air conditioning unit;
(2), on heat conduction finish coat (307) surface of described latent wall formula room conditioning structure (227) or described energy storage masonry (229), print or be carved with concavo-convex heat exchange structure or patterning, or surface-mounted the louvered temperature adjusting structure is arranged, or activity temperature adjustment screen or ornament at this; Or be provided with this three kinds of structures simultaneously;
(3), the passive cold-storage refrigerating equipment of above-mentioned independence or cold accumulation air-conditioner equipment when in parallel with the evaporimeter (4,207,238) of heat pump refrigerating device, then be parallel with transition low temperature steam pipe (155) and be communicated with venturi tube (89) with this pipe outer end through triple valve b in stage casing of its outlet working medium tube (17,27).
9, a kind of using method of high performance refrigerating unit, when existing refrigerating plant freezes, earlier by manually or automatically detecting, control starts compressor with display system (92) and carries out kind of refrigeration cycle, if water cooled refrigeration device, also must start the water pump a (219) of cooling water recirculation system (218) simultaneously, with cooling water to the condenser (205 of flowing through, 237) working medium vapour carries out condensation, the water pump b (219) that starts medium circulation pipeline (217) passes through evaporimeter (207 with refrigerant, 238) carry out heat exchange with working medium, the refrigeration system institute terminal indoor cool equipment of the same name of refrigerating capacity input is transferred the air themperature in space to quilt, or temperature and humidity is regulated, or transfer in the terminal ice chest of the same name, carry out freezing to its article of depositing in the object space of packing into respectively, refrigeration, or it is fresh-keeping, or cooling working procedure such as ice making, in this process, also must be by manually or automatically detecting, temperature detect switch (TDS) in control and the display system (92) is by compressor (11) start-stop in this end-equipment of control, or rotating speed is regulated the refrigerating capacity of refrigerating plant, also must switch cross valve (123) to winter to heat pump assembly (122), make refrigeration system change the process of heating over to, feature of the present invention is: when only establish magnetizer (18) in this high performance refrigerating unit, ultrasonic vibrator, when no energy consumption or few energy consumption working medium tube and condensed water subcooler, its refrigeration then, or the refrigeration and the process that heats still operate by aforementioned known method, otherwise, also must operate by following program simultaneously:
(1), when heat channel (64,65) or two-sided latent wall formula room conditioning structure (236) being housed in the hot junction of the cold refrigerating plant of this list (2,37,202) or storing hot masonry (229), or when hot case (66) is housed, cold trap (3,30) or ice chest (67,68,69,94,95,96) or cold-storage masonry or latent wall formula air conditioning chamber's inner structure are housed or when the single device for cooling cold junction of this different name is equipped with the passive indoor set (43) of air-conditioning at its cold junction; Perhaps at heat pump assembly (121,122) cold and hot groove (165) or cold and hot masonry are equipped with in the hot junction, or cool and hot box (164), simultaneously corresponding cold trap also is housed at its cold junction, during air supply rate such as ice chest and indoor apparatus of air conditioner, then when pressing aforesaid operations program start refrigerating plant, also must be by detecting automatically, control and display system (92), open simultaneously and be positioned at the import and export working medium tube of above-mentioned hot junction and cold junction equipment and the triple valve or the cross valve (119) of water pipe outer end, make corresponding with it the respectively main body working medium pipeline of parts of above-mentioned two ends, or with its main body cooling water and medium circulation pipeline (175,176) conducting, especially must guarantee that in summer the heat channel and the hot case of bypass in parallel change the operating mode of connecting with high temperature steam pipe (21) over to, with this used heat that guarantees discharging in the time can both storing the refrigerating plant refrigeration by above-mentioned heat channel and cold and hot groove summer, make above-mentioned hot case and cool and hot box can utilize the heat energy of above-mentioned used heat or storage to heat, operations such as oven dry; Simultaneously, the cold trap that is positioned at cold junction is accumulation refrigerating plant cold more than needed then, the cold that comprises the low valley electric energy conversion that utilizes night, assurance allows ice chest and different name indoor apparatus of air conditioner can utilize the cold of electric energy conversion and the cold of accumulation to carry out ice making, freezing, refrigeration, fresh-keeping and the air themperature and the humidity of being transferred the space regulated, in this process, when evaporimeter condenses condensed water, then send instruction to control system by level sensor (104), and self-priming water pump (69) or blower fan (156) in the startup condensed water heat regenerative system, and the operating mechanism of evaporation regenerator (84) drives porous screen (57,57a) reset, at this moment, condensed water just is sprayed to porous screen (104) through condensed water subcooler (60) and regenerator with the form of mist or vapour from water-collecting tray, or condenser (14) and porous screen (104) surface, cool stream is through the working medium of this device, on the contrary, if air is dry or heat in the winter time and evaporated condensation water when accumulating, then porous screen (104) still keep collection or with the parastate of air stream, eliminate its resistance with this to outside circulating air;
In the winter time, to heat pump unit for air conditioning, then must be before starting compressor, make earlier be positioned at the hot junction and with the triple valve (179) or cross valve (123) transposition of the import or export working medium tube outer end of the heat channel of high temperature steam pipe (21a) bypass in parallel or hot case, guarantee that this heat channel or hot case are in bypass or self-closing state, can be most of or all import evaporimeter and be used for regulating the room temperature with this heat energy that guarantees to heat cyclic transformation, but when cold and hot groove is two sources or polynary (225,241) during the energy storage groove, then must or open triple valve w by the reversible series connection short distance of multipotency working medium passage (162), make this groove transfer to condenser (14 through crossing working medium tube (304), 237) preposition operating mode, so that the recuperative heat exchanger of establishing in utilizing (63) is imported the cryogenic fluid vapour that heat energy heats the condenser of flowing through from external heat source, eliminate frosting and " ice berg " with this;
(2), when in refrigerating plant, being parallel with solar water heater (224) or working medium heater, then use hot water with this water heater heating life or it in summer, or provide auxiliary heat energy for firing equipment, and to winter, it is direct then preferentially to enable also logical its long-range heat supplying loop of this device or working medium heater, or give through medium circulation pipeline and to be transferred the space heat supply, only when severe winter, just enable its heat pump refrigerating device, and connect solar energy short distance heat supplying loop or system simultaneously, to the condenser heat supply and the defrosting of this device;
(3), when in refrigerating plant, being parallel with the ground temperature cold supply system, then preferentially open the long-range cooling loop or the system of its ground warm water or air in summer, give directly or through medium circulation pipeline (217) and transferred the space cooling; Only just enable refrigerating plant (37,121,12,201,222,223), and enable its short distance cooling loop (235) or pipeline (126) simultaneously, give the cooling of condenser cooling in heat;
(4), when adopting mixed high-efficient refrigerating plant arranged side by side (352) cooling, or when cooling and heat supply, then preferentially enable solar energy absorption type refrigeration formula heat pump refrigerating device (353), to being transferred space cooling or heat supply, only in heat, or during severe winter, just enable its compression-type refrigeration device (37,121,201,222,223) to being transferred space cooling or heat supply.
CN 200610121774 2005-08-20 2006-08-20 High performance refrigerating unit, matched energy saving accessories in use for the unit, and method of use CN1916532A (en)

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CN200510091282 2005-08-20
CN 200610121774 CN1916532A (en) 2005-08-20 2006-08-20 High performance refrigerating unit, matched energy saving accessories in use for the unit, and method of use

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101832682A (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-09-15 潘戈 Energy-storing solar absorption refrigeration system
CN102022884A (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-04-20 包蕾 Environmental-friendly energy-saving portable freezer
CN104319070A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-01-28 国家电网公司 Radiating system of main transformer
CN104776574A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-07-15 李国胜 Variable refrigerant flow radiation air-conditioning system
CN111442569A (en) * 2014-11-21 2020-07-24 洋马动力科技有限公司 Heat pump

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101832682A (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-09-15 潘戈 Energy-storing solar absorption refrigeration system
CN101832682B (en) * 2009-03-13 2014-07-16 潘戈 Energy-storing solar absorption refrigeration system
CN102022884A (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-04-20 包蕾 Environmental-friendly energy-saving portable freezer
CN104319070A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-01-28 国家电网公司 Radiating system of main transformer
CN111442569A (en) * 2014-11-21 2020-07-24 洋马动力科技有限公司 Heat pump
CN104776574A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-07-15 李国胜 Variable refrigerant flow radiation air-conditioning system

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