CN1867024A - Charging information transmitting method - Google Patents

Charging information transmitting method Download PDF

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CN1867024A
CN1867024A CN 200510070958 CN200510070958A CN1867024A CN 1867024 A CN1867024 A CN 1867024A CN 200510070958 CN200510070958 CN 200510070958 CN 200510070958 A CN200510070958 A CN 200510070958A CN 1867024 A CN1867024 A CN 1867024A
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wap
mobile terminal
service
charging information
information
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CN 200510070958
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1867024B (en )
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申海
孙谦
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a charge information sending method, used in wireless application protocol (WAP) service, which comprises: the mobile terminal via WAP gateway uses WAP service; the WAP gateway charges the mobile terminal and sends the charge information to the mobile terminal. The invention can make the WAP gateway instantly send the charge information of consumed WAP service to the user terminal, to support the control and application of WAP service.

Description

一种计费信息发送方法 An information transmitting method for charging

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及无线通信领域,尤其涉及无线应用协议(Wireless ApplicationProtocol,WAP)业务的计费信息发送方法。 The present invention relates to wireless communications, and more particularly relates to a wireless application protocol (Wireless ApplicationProtocol, WAP) service charging information transmission method.

背景技术 Background technique

WAP技术目前已成为移动通信网络中终端访问无线信息服务的全球主要标准,也是实现现有移动数据及增值业务的技术基础。 WAP technology has become the world's leading standard for mobile communication terminal to access a wireless network information services, as well as the technical foundation of existing mobile data and value-added services. WAP浏览类业务是最普通和常用的移动数据业务,用户通过终端的浏览器查看从服务器收到的WAP网页信息,作为移动数据业务的一种基础业务,WAP浏览类业务正被越来越多的移动用户所使用并接受。 WAP browser class of business is the most common and popular mobile data services, WAP pages users view information received from the server through a browser terminal as a base service of mobile data services, WAP browser class of business is being more and more mobile user and accepted use. 另外基于WAP的移动流媒体业务,也将成为3G通信网络中的主流应用。 Further WAP-based mobile streaming media services, will also become the mainstream application of 3G communication network. 开放移动联盟(Open Mobile Alliance,OMA)在WAP业务具体计费实现上并没有做出限定,而现有技术中也还没有一种将WAP业务计费信息即时传送给移动终端的方法。 Open Mobile Alliance (Open Mobile Alliance, OMA) Limited is not made on the WAP service specific charging achieved, the prior art has not yet WAP service A method for real time charging information transmitted to the mobile terminal. 移动终端的计费信息只能在话费月结时由计费系统如BOSS对从WAP网关采集来的话单进行统计批价,然后打印出来提供给用户,而且通常还没有费用的明细记录。 Billing information of the mobile terminal only when such calls from the invoice to billing system BOSS culled from the WAP gateway CDR rating statistics, and then print it out to the user, but usually no cost detail records. 由于WAP网关很多情况都是按流量进行计费,这样对于预付费和后付费用户,都存在一个同样的问题:用户在使用WAP业务中或进行一次WAP业务后,不知道产生了多少流量,也不知道本月累计使用了多少流量,使得用户无法及时掌握或控制WAP业务的使用情况;特别是对于预付费用户,当预付费用用完时,在用户无法事先获知的情况下WAP网关会强行中断业务,给用户使用WAP业务造成困扰。 Because many cases are WAP gateway billing by traffic, so for prepaid and postpaid users, there is a similar problem: When users use WAP WAP business or to conduct a business, do not know how much traffic is generated, and I do not know how much traffic this month cumulative use, so that the user can not grasp or control the use of WAP services; especially for prepaid subscribers, prepaid expenses when run out, if the user can not know in advance the WAP gateway will be forced to interrupt business, for business users to use WAP causing distress.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明提供一种计费信息发送方法,用以解决现有技术中存在的WAP业务不能即时提供计费信息的问题。 The present invention provides a method of transmitting billing information to solve the problems existing in the prior art WAP service can not provide real-time billing information.

本发明方法包括:移动终端经WAP网关使用WAP业务,WAP网关对移动终端进行计费,WAP网关发送计费信息给移动终端。 The method of the present invention comprises: a mobile terminal used by the WAP gateway WAP service, WAP charging gateway of the mobile terminal, WAP gateway sends billing information to the mobile terminal.

根据本发明的上述方法,在WAP网关中预先设置计费信息发送方式,在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中或使用WAP业务结束后WAP网关根据设置的计费信息发送方式发送计费信息给移动终端。 According to the method of the present invention, the WAP gateway billing information transmission mode is set in advance, using the WAP service, or when using WAP gateway sends billing information to the billing information transmitted according to the provided service WAP mobile terminal after the mobile terminal .

所述WAP网关中预先设置的计费信息发送方式与移动终端对应,在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中或使用WAP业务完成后WAP网关采用移动终端对应的计费信息发送方式发送计费信息给该移动终端。 Transmitting charging information with the mobile terminal to the WAP gateway corresponding to previously set, using the WAP service in a mobile terminal during or after the WAP gateway WAP service completion of charging information using the transmission method corresponding to the mobile terminal transmits billing information to the the mobile terminal.

所述计费信息发送方式为短消息发送;WAP网关通过WAP推送方式发送移动终端使用WAP业务的计费信息给短消息中心;短消息中心以短消息方式将所述计费信息下发给移动终端。 The charging information sending a short message transmission mode; WAP gateway WAP service using the mobile terminal transmits charging information to the short message service center by way of WAP push; short message center in the short message to the mobile at the charging information terminal.

所述计费信息发送方式中还包括设定的时间间隔,在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,WAP网关按所述设定的时间间隔发送所述计费信息给短消息中心。 The charging information transmission method further includes a set time interval, the mobile terminal using the WAP service in the process, the WAP gateway according to the time interval set transmits accounting information to the short message service center.

所述计费信息发送方式中还包括设定的余额阈值、流量阈值或费用阈值,在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,当WAP网关检测到预付费移动终端的余额小于设定的余额阈值、移动终端使用WAP业务流量超过设定的流量阈值或移动终端使用WAP业务费用超过设定的费用阈值时,WAP网关发送计费信息给短消息中心。 The charging information transmission method further comprising the balance of the set threshold, the flow rate threshold or cost threshold, a WAP business process in a mobile terminal, when the WAP gateway detects prepaid mobile terminal balance is less than the set balance threshold, the mobile when the terminal using the traffic threshold or WAP mobile terminal using the traffic exceeds the specified WAP service charges the cost exceeds the set threshold value, WAP gateway sends accounting information to the short message service center.

所述计费信息发送方式为WAP网页;具体包括:在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,WAP网关为该移动终端产生一个包含计费信息的临时WAP网页,并将该临时WAP网页的超链接地址以及超链接的显示文字插入到移动终端当前请求浏览的网页中,移动终端通过访问所述超链接地址获取计费信息;并在WAP业务结束后,删除所述临时WAP网页。 The charging information for the WAP page transmission mode; specifically includes: the process of using the WAP service in a mobile terminal, generating a temporary WAP gateway WAP page comprises a charging information for the mobile terminal, and the temporary address of the hyperlink WAP page and hyperlink display text is inserted into the mobile terminal is currently requesting browse the web, the mobile terminal acquires billing information by accessing the hyperlink address; and at the end of the WAP service, delete the temporary WAP pages.

所述计费信息发送方式为WAP网页;具体包括:在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,WAP网关将指向一个即时计费单元的超链接插入到移动终端当前请求浏览的网页中,移动终端访问所述超链接时,即时计费单元从WAP网关中获取该移动终端的计费信息,并生成WAP网页返回给移动终端。 The charging information for the WAP page transmission mode; specifically includes: the process of using the WAP service in a mobile terminal, a WAP gateway instant hyperlink pointing to the accounting unit is inserted into the mobile terminal is currently browsed web page request, the mobile terminal accesses when said hyperlink, instant accounting unit acquires billing information from the mobile terminal WAP gateway, and generates WAP pages returned to the mobile terminal.

所述计费信息发送方式为WAP网页;具体包括:设定一个用于发送计费信息的固定超链接地址,当WAP网关检测到移动终端请求该固定超链接地址时将该移动终端的计费信息以WAP网页方式发送给移动终端。 The charging information for the WAP page transmission scheme; comprises: a setting for the fixed address of the transmission hyperlink charging information, when the WAP gateway detects that the mobile terminal requests the address of the hyperlink fixed charging the mobile terminal information to the mobile terminal in a manner WAP page.

所述固定超链接地址预置在所述移动终端中。 The fixing hyperlink address preset in the mobile terminal.

所述计费信息发送方式为IP数据包发送,WAP网关接收到移动终端的计费信息请求或根据设定的时间间隔将包含计费信息的数据包按照IP协议格式发送给移动终端对应的IP地址,由移动终端显示出计费信息。 The billing information transmitting IP data packet transmission mode, WAP gateway receives a billing information request to the mobile terminal or intervals according to the set charging information comprising time data packet to the mobile IP terminal corresponding to an IP protocol format address, billing information showing the mobile terminal.

在移动终端WAP浏览器界面的固定位置显示所述计费信息。 Mobile terminal in a fixed position WAP browser interface displays the charging information.

当移动终端为预付费终端,还包括WAP网关在该移动终端请求WAP业务时,查询其预付费余额的步骤;若预付费余额不足,则WAP网关通知该移动终端,并拒绝其使用请求的WAP业务,否则移动终端正常使用WAP业务。 When the mobile terminal is a prepaid terminal further comprises a WAP gateway when the mobile terminal requests the WAP service, inquiry step of pre-paid balance; insufficient if the prepaid balance, the WAP gateway notifies the mobile terminal, and to reject the use of the requested WAP business, otherwise normal use WAP mobile terminal business.

所述WAP业务为WAP浏览类业务或WAP流媒体业务。 The WAP-based service is a WAP browser or WAP service streaming service.

所述计费信息为移动终端本次使用WAP业务流量、累计使用WAP业务流量、本次使用WAP业务费用、累计使用WAP业务费用、本次业务使用时长、本次业务费率和预付费余额其中之一或任意多个的组合信息。 The charging information for the mobile terminal using the current WAP traffic flow, total flow rate using WAP services, the use of this WAP service costs, total costs using WAP services, long use of this service, this service rates and prepaid balance wherein any one or more of the combination information.

若WAP网关发送的计费信息包括累计使用WAP业务流量、累计使用WAP业务费用、本次业务费率或预付费余额中至少其中之一时,还包括WAP网关向数据业务管理平台发送请求消息,获取上述计费信息的步骤。 If the WAP gateway sends billing information, including cumulative use WAP traffic, total operating expenses using WAP, at least one of the current business rates or prepaid balance, also including WAP gateway sends a request message to the data service management platform, get the step of the billing information.

若数据业务管理平台没有保存相应请求的计费信息,则由数据业务管理平台到智能网的业务控制点(SCP)上获取。 If the data service management platform is not saved billing information corresponding request, by the data service management platform to the intelligent network service control point (SCP) acquisition.

本发明有益效果如下:(1)本发明通过利用WAP网关向终端发送计费信息,实现了用户在使用WAP业务过程中或刚刚使用WAP业务完成后的时间内能够即时获取计费信息,方便用户控制和使用WAP业务。 Advantageous effects of the present invention are as follows: (1) the present invention by using the WAP gateway sends accounting information to the terminals, a user is using the WAP service can be used during or immediately after acquiring the billing information in an instant of time after the completion of the WAP service, user control and use WAP services.

(2)本发明提供了多种计费信息发送方式的实现方案,包括:短消息方式、WAP网页方式和IP数据包方式,WAP网关可以根据网络状况和能力选择其中至少一种计费信息发送的实现方案将计费信息即时发送给用户终端;而对于同时提供了多种计费信息发送方式的WAP网关,用户也可以灵活设置计费信息发送方式,充分满足用户的个性化需求和使用习惯。 (2) The present invention provides a variety of implementations charging information transmission scheme, comprising: a short message, WAP page mode and IP packet mode, WAP gateway may select at least one of charging information transmitted according to the network conditions and the ability to the implementation will immediately send the charging information to the user terminal; and for the same time provides a variety of billing information transmission scheme WAP gateway, users can flexibly set the billing information transmission mode, fully meet the user's individual needs and habits .

(3)本发明可以对需要WAP业务计费信息即时发送的用户预先进行登记,系统只对登记的用户按默认或设置的计费信息发送方式发送计费信息,在充分满足用户需求的同时,减少系统负荷。 (3) The present invention may require a user to immediately send the WAP service charging information registered in advance, the transmission system only billing information according to the default settings or charging information transmission method for user registration, while fully meet user demand, reducing the system load.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为计费信息下发所涉及的系统结构示意图;图2为本发明实施例中WAP浏览业务计费过程及通过短消息下发计费信息的信令流程图;图3为本发明实施例中WAP流媒体业务计费过程及通过短消息下发计费信息的信令流程图。 1 is a schematic system configuration of the charging information related to hair; Figure 2 embodiment WAP browsing service and charging processes of the present invention by a signaling flowchart of charging information sent short message; FIG. 3 embodiment of the present invention Examples WAP charging process and a streaming service through a signaling flowchart charging information sent short message.

具体实施方式 detailed description

本发明方法是由WAP网关在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中或使用WAP业务结束后发送计费信息给移动终端。 The present invention is a method of using the WAP gateway WAP service during or after sending the billing information to the mobile terminal using the WAP service in a mobile terminal. 而WAP网关发送计费信息的方式可以是短消息,WAP网页等,具体实施中可以在WAP网关中实现一种或同时实现多种计费信息发送方式。 WAP gateway sends the charging information may be a short message mode, WAP pages, etc., may implement a particular embodiment the WAP gateway or more while achieving the charging information transmission method.

对于不同的移动终端,通过预先在WAP网关存储对应的计费信息发送方式,在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中或使用WAP业务完成后WAP网关采用移动终端对应的计费信息发送方式发送计费信息给该移动终端。 For different mobile terminal in advance by the charging information stored in the transmission mode corresponding to a WAP gateway, the WAP service in a mobile terminal during use or after use WAP gateway WAP service completion of charging information using the transmission method corresponding to the mobile terminal transmits billing information to the mobile terminal.

在实际应用中,可以将计费信息发送作为一个新的WAP业务功能,由用户进行登记。 In practice, the charging information may be sent as a new WAP service function registration by the user. 对于登记使用该业务功能的用户,在使用WAP业务过程中或业务结束后,WAP网关采用该移动终端对应的计费信息发送方式发送计费信息给该移动终端,如果WAP网关不允许用户设置自己的计费信息发送方式或者用户没有设置自己的计费信息发送方式则WAP网关采用系统默认的计费信息发送方式发送计费信息给移动终端;对于没有登记该业务功能的用户,则可以不发送计费信息。 For registered users using this service feature, after or during the use of the WAP service end of the business, accounting information using the WAP gateway of the mobile terminal corresponding to the transmission method transmits charging information to the mobile terminal, if the user is not allowed to set their own WAP gateway billing information transmitting mode or the user does not set its own billing information transmission scheme using the default WAP gateway billing information transmitting send accounting information to the mobile terminal; the user is not registered for the service function may not be transmitted billing information.

具体实施方法包括:在WAP网关的用户信息数据库中添加表明用户希望使用WAP计费信息即时发送标识(为描述方便,称之为第一标识),当用户申请WAP计费信息即时发送这项业务功能时,给该移动用户的第一标识赋值为“1”;否则,赋值为“0”表示该用户不使用WAP业务计费信息即时发送业务功能。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION The method comprises: a WAP gateway in the user information database indicates that the user wishes to add the identifier immediately send a WAP charging information (for ease of description, referred to as first identification), when the user applies the WAP service charging information sent immediately when the function, to the mobile user is assigned a first identifier is "1"; otherwise, the value "0" indicates that the user is not used for real time transmission service function WAP service charging information. 同时,需要添加计费信息发送方式标识(为描述方便,称之为第二标识);在第二标识中可以用不同的值代表不同的发送方式,如:“0”表示以短消息方式发送,“1”表示以WAP网页方式发送,“2”表示以IP数据包方式发送等;同种方式还可以衍生出多种子类型,如按时间间隔周期性发送,超过设定的流量阈值或费用阈值时发送等。 Meanwhile, add the billing identifier information transmission mode (for ease of description, referred to as a second identification); a second identifier may be different values ​​represent different transmission scheme, such as: "0" indicates short message sent "1" indicates transmission mode in a WAP page, "2" indicates to send IP packets and the like; isoforms may also be derived from a multi-mode seed types, such as the periodic transmission time intervals, traffic threshold or exceeds the set fees isochronous transmission threshold. 还可以将其中一种发送方式作为系统默认的发送方式,如第二标识为“0”的短消息方式发送方式。 Embodiment can also be sent as one way of transmitting the default transmission mode, as the second identifier is "0" in the short message.

当移动用户请求WAP业务时,WAP网关查询存储的用户信息数据库,若检测到该移动用户已申请WAP计费信息即时发送业务功能,则将其计费信息按照设置的发送方式发送给移动终端。 When the mobile user requests a WAP service, the WAP gateway queries the user information database stored in the mobile subscriber upon detection of charging information is sent immediately WAP application service functions, it is charging information to the mobile terminal in accordance with the manner of transmission.

发送的计费信息包括至少下列之一:本次或累计流量,本次或累计费用,业务使用时长,业务费率,预付费余额等。 Billing information sent includes at least one of the following: The total flow or that this or cumulative cost, long-time business use, business rates, prepaid balances. WAP网关一般只有当前流量信息,累计流量以及费率等需要从数据业务管理平台(DSMP)和业务控制点(SCP)上获取,如图1所示,WAP网关向DSMP发送请求,如果DSMP上没有相应信息,则DSMP向SCP请求信息,获取业务相关的费率、预付费余额以及终端累计费用信息等,然后发送给移动终端。 WAP gateway generally only current traffic information, cumulative flow rate and the like need to get data from the service management platform (DSMP) and a service control point (the SCP), 1, DSMP WAP gateway sends a request to, if not the DSMP corresponding information, the information DSMP request to SCP, business-related acquisition rates, and the terminal prepaid balance information and the like accumulated cost, and then transmitted to the mobile terminal. 一般情况下,WAP网关不直接与SCP相连,而是通过DSMP连接SCP获取计费信息。 Generally, WAP gateway not directly connected to the SCP, SCP but is connected through a charging information acquisition DSMP.

若移动终端对应的计费信息发送方式为短消息发送,则WAP网关通过WAP推送方式发送计费信息给短消息中心;短消息中心以短消息方式将计费信息下发给移动终端。 If the mobile terminal transmits the charging information corresponding to send a short message, the WAP gateway sends billing information by way of a WAP push short message service center; short message center in the short message to the mobile terminal under the billing information.

如图2所示,为WAP浏览业务计费过程及通过短消息下发计费信息的信令流程图,包括如下流程:1、移动用户通过移动终端发起WAP浏览;2、网关GPRS支持节点(GGSN)为移动终端(MS)分配了IP地址后向远程身份验证拨入用户服务(RADIUS)服务器发送计费请求起始消息,在该消息中包含分配给MS的IP地址和手机号码;3、RADIUS服务器向WAP网关转发计费请求起始消息;4、WAP网关收到计费请求起始消息后,向RADIUS服务器发送计费响应消息;5、RADIUS服务器收到计费响应消息后转发给GGSN,若GGSN未收到计费响应消息,应向RADIUS服务器重新发送计费请求起始消息;6、移动用户结束此次WAP浏览;7、GGSN向RADIUS服务器发送计费请求结束消息;8、RADIUS服务器向WAP网关转发计费请求结束消息;9、WAP网关收到计费请求结束消息后,向RADIUS服务器发送计费响应消息;10、RADIUS服务器收到计 As shown, the WAP browsing service and charging processes of the charging information by sending a signaling message flow diagram includes the following Scheme 2: 1, the mobile user initiates a WAP browser by the mobile terminal; 2, Gateway GPRS Support Node ( after the GGSN) an IP address for the mobile terminal (MS) is assigned to verify the identity of the remote dial-in user service (RADIUS) server sends the charging start request message, containing the IP address allocated to the MS and a mobile phone number in the message; 3, RADIUS server forwards the request to the WAP gateway accounting start message;. 4, the WAP gateway after receiving the initial charging request message, sending a response message to the RADIUS accounting server;. 5, forwards the RADIUS server receives the charging response message to the GGSN when the GGSN does not receive the accounting response message, the RADIUS server should resend the initial charging request message; 6, the mobile user ends the WAP browser;. 7, the end of the GGSN sending a charging request message to the RADIUS server;. 8, RADIUS server forwards the request to the WAP gateway charging end message;. 9, the WAP gateway after receiving the charging request message, sending a response message to the RADIUS accounting server; 10, RADIUS server receives the count 费响应消息后转发给GGSN,若GGSN未收到计费响应消息,应重新发送计费请求结束消息;11、WAP网关发送计费响应后,判断该移动用户的第一标识,如果第一标识为“0”,则结束;如果第一标识为“1”,且第二标识为通过短消息方式发送计费信息,则执行步骤12;12、WAP网关通过推送代理网关(Push Proxy GateWay,PPG)向短消息中心(SMSC)推送用户本次使用流量(费用)以及累计流量(费用)等信息; Fee to GGSN forwards the response message, if the GGSN charging response message is not received, the end should resend the charging request message; 11, WAP gateway transmits the charging response, determining a first identifier of the mobile user, if the first identification is "0", the ends; if the first identifier is "1", and the second identifier to transmit the charging information by short message, execute step 12; 12, WAP gateway through a push proxy gateway (push proxy gateWay, PPG ) to push short message service center (SMSC) the user that the usage flow rate (cost) and the accumulated flow rate (charges) and other information;

13、SMSC以短消息方式将接收的计费信息发送到移动终端上。 13, SMSC short message in the received charging information to the mobile terminal.

图3为WAP流媒体业务计费过程及通过短消息下发计费信息的信令流程图。 FIG 3 is a WAP charging process and streaming media service through a signaling flowchart charging information sent short message. WAP网关收到MS发出的访问请求后,对访问请求的统一定位资源(URL)进行解析,判断为流媒体业务后将相关业务的提供商标识信息(SPID)、业务标识信息(ServiceID)以及用户的IP地址等与计费相关的信息上报给DSMP进行业务鉴权批价。 After the WAP gateway receives an access request issued by MS, unified locate resources (URL) access request is parsed to determine identification information for the provider after the streaming media business-related services (SPID), service identification information (ServiceID) and user IP addresses and other information related to the accounting for business reporting authorization and billing to DSMP. 流媒体业务计费同时支持预付费用户和后付费用户。 Streaming media service billing supports prepaid users and postpaid subscribers. 对于预付费用户,DSMP通过与SCP的交互完成实时扣费。 For prepaid users, DSMP complete real-time deductions by interacting with the SCP. 具体信令交互流程如图3所示,包括:1、MS向WAP网关发起流媒体业务访问请求。 DETAILED signaling interaction process shown in Figure 3, including: 1, MS initiates the streaming media service access request to the WAP gateway.

2、WAP网关收到访问请求后,判断是否对用户请求进行转发,如果满足转发条件,则继续处理;否则,拒绝此次访问请求。 2, after the WAP gateway receives an access request to determine whether the user request forwarded if the forwarding condition is satisfied, processing continues; otherwise, reject the access request.

在该步骤中,是否对用户的业务请求进行前转或拒绝,是根据系统数据库中的一个“转发控制表”来执行的,该表存储有不可访问某项业务的MS的IP地址或终端号码,比如,在用户欠费或余额不足的情况下,将对其禁用某些类型的业务请求;当MS请求业务时,WAP网关将查找“转发控制表”,如果发送业务请求的MS包含在“转发控制表”中,则确定所请求此项业务是否为不可访问业务,如果是,则对此MS禁用该项业务,并将用户的欠费信息发送给MS;如果发送业务请求的MS不在转发控制表中,则说明此MS是合法的,WAP网关则将该请求透传给业务提供商(SP),并进行内容计费或流量计费,在业务使用过程中或使用后将计费信息发给MS。 In this step, whether the front of the user's service request or reject turn, is a system database and a "forwarding control table" is performed, and the table stores the IP address of the MS or the terminal number of a business inaccessible , for example, in a case where the user arrears or insufficient funds, which will be disabled for certain types of service request; when the MS requests a service, WAP gateway looks "forwarding control table", if the MS sends a service request is included in the " forwarding control table ", it is determined whether the requested service is inaccessible this service, if yes, the service is disabled for this MS, and transmits the information to the user arrears MS; if the MS sends a service request is not forwarded control table, then this is a valid MS, WAP gateway the request is passed through a service provider (SP), and content-based charging or traffic accounting, business use or during charging information after use sent to MS. 为了防止用户在已经充值的情况下,仍然无法使用某项业务,转发控制表中的用户信息是实时更新的。 In order to prevent users in the case has been recharged, still can not use a business, forward user information control table is updated in real time.

3、WAP网关将业务请求转发给相应的业务提供商或内容提供商(SP/CP)。 3, WAP gateway forwards the service request to the appropriate service provider or content provider (SP / CP).

4、SP/CP返回访问请求应答消息给WAP网关。 4, SP / CP returns an access request response message to the WAP gateway.

5、WAP网关把请求应答消息下发给终端MS。 5, WAP gateway to the terminal MS to request the response message.

6、WAP网关记录或查询用户在线信息,并判断用户类型(根据MSISDN号段或IMSI号段区分用户类型,如预付费用户、后付费用户),如果是后付费用户,业务使用结束后直接跳转到第11步;如果是预付费用户,根据请求的URL采集SPID、ServiceID以及用户IP地址等计费相关信息。 6, WAP gateway records or query the user online information, and determines the type of user (The MSISDN number segment or types of users IMSI number segment, such as a prepaid user, postpaid), if it is a post-paid user, after ending a direct jump go to step 11; if it is a prepaid user, the acquisition SPID, ServiceID IP address and user accounting information based on the URL requested.

7、WAP网关将采集到的计费相关信息上报DSMP,进行鉴权批价。 7, WAP gateway collected charging related information reporting DSMP, perform authorization and billing.

8、DSMP到SCP申请费用预扣。 8, DSMP SCP application fee to withholding.

9、SCP向DSMP返回费用预扣应答消息。 9, SCP return costs to DSMP withholding reply message.

10、DSMP向WAP网关返回鉴权批价应答消息。 10, DSMP return authorization and billing reply message to the WAP gateway.

11、MS向WAP网关发出断连请求。 11, MS disconnection request sent to the WAP gateway.

12、WAP网关把断连请求转发给SP/CP。 12, WAP gateway forwards to the SP / CP disconnect request.

13、SP/CP向WAP网关返回断连请求应答消息。 13, SP / CP returns WAP gateway to the disconnect request response message.

14、WAP网关把断连请求应答消息下发给终端MS。 14, WAP gateway to the disconnect request the response message to the terminal MS.

15、WAP网关生成话单记录(Call Detail Record,CDR),包括业务开始时间,结束时间,终端号码,业务类型等。 15, WAP gateway generates call detail records (Call Detail Record, CDR), comprising a service start time, end time, terminal number, service type.

16、WAP网关将CDR话单中的计费信息通过WAP PUSH短消息发给MS。 16, WAP gateway CDR accounting information sent to the MS telephone bill by WAP PUSH short message.

以上用WAP浏览业务和流媒体业务的计费过程为例,对本发明采用短消息方式发送WAP业务计费信息进行了详细描述。 Example above with WAP browsing and streaming traffic charging process, the present invention employs a short message send WAP service charging information is described in detail. 其中,短消息发送方式可以是在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,由WAP网关按设定的时间间隔发送;或在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,当预付费移动终端的余额小于设定的余额阈值、移动终端使用WAP业务流量超过设定的流量阈值或移动终端使用WAP业务费用超过设定的费用阈值时,在WAP浏览业务的第5步与第6步之间或在WAP流媒体业务的第10步与第11步之间,由WAP网关发送计费信息给短消息中心。 Wherein the short message transmission mode may be used during the WAP service in a mobile terminal, sent from the WAP gateway interval set time; or WAP service in a mobile terminal during use, when the balance of prepaid mobile terminal is less than the set balance when the threshold value, the mobile terminal using the traffic threshold or the mobile terminal WAP traffic exceeds the set using the cost threshold WAP service fee exceeds the set, between step. 5 WAP browsing service to the step 6 or the WAP streaming media service between step 10 and step 11, by the WAP gateway transmits accounting information to the short message service center. 另外对于流媒体业务与浏览业务同时使用的情形,如WAP浏览时打开了一个流媒体,这样WAP网关同时将两个业务的计费信息分别或合并在一起发送给MS。 In addition to the case of browsing service and the streaming service simultaneously, such as opening a streaming WAP browsing, WAP gateway simultaneously such two service charging information are combined or sent to the MS.

对于计费信息的发送,除了采用短消息方式发送外,还可以采用WAP网页方式发送,包括下列具体方法:方法一:在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,WAP网关为该移动终端产生一个包含计费信息的临时WAP网页,并将该临时WAP网页的超链接地址插入到移动终端当前浏览的网页中,移动终端通过访问所述超链接地址获取计费信息;并在WAP业务结束后,删除产生的临时WAP网页。 For the transmission of charging information, except that the short message transmission mode, but also send WAP page can be used, including the following specific methods: Method a: mobile terminal using the WAP service in the process, generates a WAP gateway for the mobile terminal comprises from temporary fee information WAP pages, and insert the temporary WAP page hyperlink address to the mobile terminal of the current web browsing, the mobile terminal acquires billing information by accessing the hyperlink address; and at the end of the WAP service, delete produce temporary WAP pages.

方法二:在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,WAP网关将指向一个即时计费单元的超链接插入到移动终端当前请求浏览的网页中,移动终端访问所述超链接时,即时计费单元从WAP网关中获取该移动终端的计费信息,并生成包含计费信息的WAP网页由WAP网关返回给移动终端。 Method 2: In the process of the mobile terminal using the WAP service, the WAP gateway instant hyperlink pointing to a charging unit is inserted into the mobile terminal is currently requesting to browse a webpage, the mobile terminal accesses said hyperlink, from WAP immediate accounting unit gateway obtains charging information of the mobile terminal, and generating billing information comprises a WAP page returned to the mobile terminal by the WAP gateway.

方法三:将移动终端使用WAP业务的计费信息存储到一个固定超链接地址的WAP网页中,当移动终端访问该固定超链接地址时,WAP网关获取相应的计费信息并更新到上述WAP网页然后返回给移动终端。 Method three: the mobile terminal using the WAP service charging information stored in a secured WAP page hyperlink addresses, when the mobile terminal accesses the fixing hyperlink address, WAP gateway obtains the corresponding charging information and updates to said WAP page then returned to the mobile terminal. 为用户使用方便,可以将上述固定超链接地址预先存储到移动终端中,用户可以随时通过访问该超链接地址获取计费信息。 As a user convenience, the fixing may be stored in advance hyperlink address to the mobile terminal, the user can always obtain the charging information by accessing the hyperlink address.

计费信息发送方式还可以为IP数据包发送,可以设置为当WAP网关接收到移动终端的计费信息请求时,将包含计费信息的数据包按照IP协议格式发送给移动终端对应的IP地址,或WAP网关按照设定的时间间隔将包含计费信息的数据包按照IP协议格式发送给移动终端对应的IP地址,由移动终端显示出计费信息。 When charging information transmitted packets embodiment may also be IP packets, it may be provided when the mobile terminal receives the WAP gateway billing information request including billing information to the mobile terminal corresponding to the IP address of an IP protocol format or WAP gateway according to the set time intervals packet containing accounting information sent to the mobile terminal corresponding to the IP address of an IP protocol format, showing the charging information by the mobile terminal. 同时改进WAP浏览器,使之在终端浏览器界面的固定位置显示WAP网关发送的计费信息(流量或费用信息)。 While improving the WAP browser that displays the charging information (traffic or cost information) sent by the gateway WAP terminal in a fixed position in the browser interface.

显然,本领域的技术人员可以对本发明进行各种改动和变型而不脱离本发明的精神和范围。 Obviously, those skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 这样,倘若本发明的这些修改和变型属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本发明也意图包含这些改动和变型在内。 Thus, if these modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the claims of the invention and the scope of equivalents thereof, the present invention intends to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (17)

  1. 1.一种计费信息发送方法,应用于无线应用协议(WAP)业务,该方法包括:移动终端经WAP网关使用WAP业务,WAP网关对移动终端进行计费,WAP网关发送计费信息给移动终端。 1. A charging information transmitting method applied to a wireless application protocol (WAP) service, the method comprising: using a mobile terminal via WAP gateway WAP service, the mobile terminal is WAP gateway billing, billing information sent to the WAP gateway mobile terminal.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,在WAP网关中预先设置计费信息发送方式,在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中或使用WAP业务结束后WAP网关根据设置的计费信息发送方式发送计费信息给移动终端。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein, in a preset WAP gateway billing information transmission mode, using the WAP service in a mobile terminal during or after the WAP gateway WAP service provided according to the charging information transmitted send accounting information to the mobile terminal.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述WAP网关中预先设置的计费信息发送方式与移动终端对应,在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中或使用WAP业务完成后WAP网关采用移动终端对应的计费信息发送方式发送计费信息给该移动终端。 3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the charging information corresponding to the transmission method with the mobile terminal in the preset WAP gateway, the WAP service using a mobile terminal during use or after use WAP gateway WAP service completion the mobile terminal transmits the charging information corresponding to send charging information to the mobile terminal.
  4. 4.如权利要求2或3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计费信息发送方式为短消息发送;WAP网关通过WAP推送方式发送移动终端使用WAP业务的计费信息给短消息中心;短消息中心以短消息方式将所述计费信息下发给移动终端。 4. The method of claim 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the charging information transmission method transmitting a short message; WAP gateway sends the mobile terminal using the WAP service charging information to the short message service center by way of WAP push; SMS short message center transmits the charging information to the mobile terminal next.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计费信息发送方式中还包括设定的时间间隔,在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,WAP网关按所述设定的时间间隔发送所述计费信息给短消息中心。 5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the charging information transmission method further includes setting a time interval, during use of the WAP service in a mobile terminal, the WAP gateway according to the time interval set sending the charging information to a short message service center.
  6. 6.如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计费信息发送方式中还包括设定的余额阈值、流量阈值或费用阈值,在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,当WAP网关检测到预付费移动终端的余额小于设定的余额阈值、移动终端使用WAP业务流量超过设定的流量阈值或移动终端使用WAP业务费用超过设定的费用阈值时,WAP网关发送计费信息给短消息中心。 6. The method of claim 4, wherein the WAP gateway when the detection, characterized in that the charging information sending balance threshold value further comprises setting mode, the flow rate threshold or a charge threshold value, the process using the WAP service in a mobile terminal, when the prepaid balance of the mobile terminal is less than a set threshold balance value, the mobile terminal uses the mobile terminal traffic threshold or exceeds the set traffic WAP WAP service use fee cost exceeds the set threshold value, accounting information to the WAP gateway sends the short message center.
  7. 7.如权利要求2或3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计费信息发送方式为WAP网页;具体包括:在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,WAP网关为该移动终端产生一个包含计费信息的临时WAP网页,并将该临时WAP网页的超链接地址以及超链接的显示文字插入到移动终端当前请求浏览的网页中,移动终端通过访问所述超链接地址获取计费信息;并在WAP业务结束后,删除所述临时WAP网页。 7. The method of claim 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the charging information transmission method as WAP pages; specifically includes: the process of using the WAP service in a mobile terminal, a WAP gateway is generated for the mobile terminal comprises from provisional fee WAP page information, and insert a hyperlink address of the WAP page and the temporary display of text hyperlinked to the mobile terminal is currently browsed web page request, the mobile terminal acquires billing information by accessing said hyperlink address; and after the WAP service, delete the temporary WAP pages.
  8. 8.如权利要求2或3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计费信息发送方式为WAP网页;具体包括:在移动终端使用WAP业务过程中,WAP网关将指向一个即时计费单元的超链接插入到移动终端当前请求浏览的网页中,移动终端访问所述超链接时,即时计费单元从WAP网关中获取该移动终端的计费信息,并生成WAP网页返回给移动终端。 8. The method of claim 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the charging information transmission method as WAP pages; comprises: a mobile terminal using the WAP service process, will point to a WAP gateway the accounting unit of the instant hyperlink is inserted into the mobile terminal is currently requesting to browse a webpage, the mobile terminal accesses the hyperlink, instant accounting unit acquires billing information from the mobile terminal WAP gateway, and generates WAP pages returned to the mobile terminal.
  9. 9.如权利要求2或3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计费信息发送方式为WAP网页;具体包括:设定一个用于发送计费信息的固定超链接地址,当WAP网关检测到移动终端请求该固定超链接地址时将该移动终端的计费信息以WAP网页方式发送给移动终端。 When the WAP gateway detects a hyperlink address setting is fixed for transmitting charging information: comprises; 9. The method of claim 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the charging information transmission method as WAP pages when the mobile terminal requests the fixing hyperlink address the billing information transmitting terminal in a mobile manner to the mobile terminal WAP page.
  10. 10.如权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述固定超链接地址预置在所述移动终端中。 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein said fixing hyperlink address preset in the mobile terminal.
  11. 11.如权利要求2或3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计费信息发送方式为IP数据包发送,WAP网关接收到移动终端的计费信息请求或根据设定的时间间隔将包含计费信息的数据包按照IP协议格式发送给移动终端对应的IP地址,由移动终端显示出计费信息。 11. The method of claim 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the charging information transmission method of transmitting IP packets, WAP gateway receives a billing information request to the mobile terminal or the set interval comprising the time billing information transmitting packets according to the IP protocol format corresponding to the IP address of the mobile terminal, showing the charging information by the mobile terminal.
  12. 12.如权利要求11所述的方法,其特征在于,在移动终端WAP浏览器界面的固定位置显示所述计费信息。 12. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the charging information display mobile terminal in a fixed position WAP browser interface.
  13. 13.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,当移动终端为预付费终端,还包括WAP网关在该移动终端请求WAP业务时,查询其预付费余额的步骤;若预付费余额不足,则WAP网关通知该移动终端,并拒绝其使用请求的WAP业务,否则移动终端正常使用WAP业务。 13. The method according to claim 1, wherein, when the mobile terminal is a prepaid terminal further comprises a WAP gateway when the mobile terminal requests the WAP service, inquiry steps prepaid balance; if the prepaid balance is insufficient, WAP gateway then notifies the mobile terminal, and rejects the request using a WAP service, or a mobile terminal using the WAP services normally.
  14. 14.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述WAP业务为WAP浏览类业务或WAP流媒体业务。 14. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the WAP service is a WAP browser or WAP traffic class streaming service.
  15. 15.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计费信息为移动终端本次使用WAP业务流量、累计使用WAP业务流量、本次使用WAP业务费用、累计使用WAP业务费用、本次业务使用时长、本次业务费率和预付费余额其中之一或任意多个的组合信息。 15. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that, the billing information for the mobile terminal using the current WAP traffic flow, total flow rate using WAP services, the use of this WAP service costs, total costs using WAP services, the present when using a long service time, and this pre-paid business tariff or any one of a plurality of balance wherein the combination information.
  16. 16.如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,若WAP网关发送的计费信息包括累计使用WAP业务流量、累计使用WAP业务费用、本次业务费率或预付费余额中至少其中之一时,还包括WAP网关向数据业务管理平台发送请求消息,获取上述计费信息的步骤。 16. The method of claim 15 wherein at least one of a current service rate or prepaid balance claim, wherein, if the charging information sent by the WAP gateway comprise a WAP service traffic cumulative, total operational costs using the WAP, further comprising a WAP gateway sends a request message to the data service management platform, the step of obtaining the billing information.
  17. 17.如权利要求16所述的方法,其特征在于,若数据业务管理平台没有保存相应请求的计费信息,则由数据业务管理平台到智能网的业务控制点(SCP)上获取。 17. The method according to claim 16, wherein, if the data service management platform saves the corresponding charging information is not requested by the data service management platform to the intelligent network service control point (SCP) acquisition.
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